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FLOEA 



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BRITISH INDIA 



Dates of PMication of the Several Parts of this Volume 



Part IV. pp. 1-240, was pnblished May 1876. 
„ V. pp. 241-496, „ July 1878. 

„ VI. pp. 497 to end „ Mwy 1879. 



THE 



FLOKA OF BRITISH INDIA. 



SIR J. D. HOOKER, C.B., K.C.S.I. 

M.D., F.R.S., D.M.L. OXON., LL.D. CANTAB. 

CORRESPONDING MEMBER OF THE INSTITUTE OF FRANCE, AND HON. MEMBER OF THE 

ASIATIC SOCIETY OF BENGAL. 



ASSISTED BY VARIOUS BOTANISTS. 



VOL. II. 
SABIACE^ TO CORNACE/E. 



PUBLISHED HINDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR 
INDIA IN COUNCIL. 




L. REEVE & CO. Ltd. 

THE OAST HOUSE. BROOK, NR. ASHFORD, 
KENT. 

1879. 



MADE AND PRINTED BY OFFSET IN GREAT BRITAIN BY 
WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED, LONDON AND BECCLES 



Errata in Vol 11. Pt. J II. 

404. Hydrangea aUissima is a scaudent tree (J. D. H.) 
413. Crassula indica has the stem-leaves alternate. 

416. Kalanchoe brasiliensis should include K. olivacea, Daljs in 

Dah. ^ Gibs. Boynh. Ft. 313. 

417, 1. 3. Stamens 6 in some flowers, 10 in others (W. B. Hemsley), 
445. Terminalia belerica should include T. attenuata, Edgw. in 

Trans. Linn. Soc. xx. 46. 

585. Epilobiura Hookeri published as E. trichoneurum, Hauskn in 
sir. Bot. Zeit. 1879. 

607, 1. 38, under T. multiloba, in place of only half-way down read 
very rarely only half-way down. 

622. Add Bryonia dioica, Jacq. collected in Lahul by Dr. Aitchison. 

631. For Thladiantha duhia, Bunge read T. calcarata, C. B. Clarke 
in Journ. Linn. Soc. xv. \2Q—{Mo'nwrdica calcarata, Colebr). 
The Indian T. calcarata has fenestrate fruit, thus difFering 
specifically from the Japanese T. duhia. The confusion has 
arisen under Bot. Mag. t. 5469, which represents the plant 
of T. duhia but the fruit of T. calcarata (Cogniaux). 

643. Begonxd, fallax. The type specimen of this species, lately 
found in Wight's private Herbarium, is B. malabarica, Lamk. 

705, 1. 5. The Kumaon plant collected by Strachey and Winter- 
bottom is Trachydium Boyld. Hence Pleurospermum 
stellatum is known (very imperfectly) only by the example 
of Royle. The plant described as Var . Lindleyana is a 
different species, but it is very doubtful whether it is the 
same as Eoyle's (W. B. Hemsley). 



Hooker's Floia of Incliti, Pt. \ II. 

bristles. Petals small, white, oblong or obcordate. Fruit inclosed in the calyx, of 1 
carpel. 

2. N. rubiflora, Don Prodr. 229 ; racemes solitary or shortly panicled, 
stipules and bracteoles usually quite entire, calyx tomentose. DC. Prodr. ii. 
547 ; Hook. f. ^ Thoiyis. in Journ. Linn. Soc. ii. 76 ; Wall. Cat. 697. 

Central and Eastern Temperate Himalaya ; Nipal, Wallich : Sikkim, alt. 8-10,000 
ft., J. D. H. 

Very similar to N. thyrsiflora in foliage, but leaves usually more deeply lobed ; 
inflorescence always much shorter, petals larger, and calyx tomentose. 



ADDENDA. 



V. 307. Under Tkibe III. Spiraeee, insert :— 

Seeds linear, testa membranous, albumen scanty or 7. Spir;ea. 

Seeds turgid, testa crustaceous, albumen copious 7*. Neillia. 



P. 326. Before 8. Rubus, insert:— 

7*. Xf£XZ.Z.XA, Don. 

Perennial sbru"bs. Leaves alternate, simple ; stipules large, deciduous. 
Flowers racemed or panicled, white. Calyx persistent ; tube campanulate ; 
lobes 5. Petals 6. Stamens 10 or more. Disc lining the calyx-tube. Carpels 
1-5, free or connate ventrally ; oyules few or many. Follicles coriaceous or 
membranous. Seeds few or many, turgid ; testa crustaceous, albumen copious. 
— DisTRiB. Species 4 or 6, natives of the Himalaya, Java, N.E. Asia, and N. 
America. 

1. Z7. thyrsiflora, Don Prodr. 228; stipules usually serrate, racemes 
slender panicled, bracteoles usually toothed, calyx silky. DC. Prodr. ii. 546 ; 
Wall. Cat. 698 5 Hook. f. %■ T/wms. in Jaurn. Linn. Soc. ii. 75. N. virgata. 
Wall. Cat. 7108. Adenilema fallax, Plume Bijd. 1121. 

Central and Eastern Temperate Himalaya, alt. 5-8000 ft. Khasia Mts., alt. 
5-7000 ft.— DisTRiB. Java. 

A large shrub, with drooping slender leafy branches. Leaves 2 by 1^ in., ovate- 
cordate, 3-lobed ; lobes shallow, acute, sharply irregularly toothed or serrate. Panicles 
3-8 in. Flowers shortly pedicelled. Calyx-tuhe i in., base rounded ; lobes shorter 
than the tube, lanceolate, acute, in fruit often clothed with long rigid gland-tipped 
bristles. Petals small, white, oblong or obcordate. Fruit inclosed in the calyx, of 1 
carpel. 

2. N. rubiflora, Don Prodr. 229 ; racemes solitary or shortly panicled, 
stipules and bracteoles usually quite entire, calyx tomentose. DC. Prodr. ii. 
547; Hook.f. 8f Thoms. in Journ. Linn. Soc. ii. 75; Wall. Cat. 697. 

Central and Eastern Temperate Himalaya ; Nipal, Wallich ; Sikkim, alt. 8-10,000 
ft., J. D. H. 

Very similar to N. tJiyrsiflora in foliage, but leaves usually more deeply lobed ; 
inflorescence always much shorter, petals larger, and calyx tomentose. 



FLORA OF BEITISH INDIA. 



Okder XLV. SABZACSa:. (By J. D. Hooker.) 

Climbing or erect shrubs, or erect trees, glabrous or with simple hairs. 
Leaves alternate, exstipulate, simple or compound. Flowers small or minute, 
hermaphrodite or polygamous, usually panicled. Calyx 4-6-partite, imbricate. 
Petals 4-6, equal or unequal, opposite or alternate with the sepals, imbricate. 
Disk usually small, annular. Stamens 4-6, opposite the petals, inserted at the 
T^ase of or on the disk, all perfect or two only perfect and three without anthers; 
filaments clavate, flattened or subulate ; anthers didymous, cells distant bursting 
transversely or by a deciduous cap. Ovary 2-3-celled, compressed or 2-3-lobed ; 
styles 2-3, free or connate or 0, stigmas punctiform ; ovules 1-2 in each cell. 
Hipe carpels 1-2, dry or fleshy, indehiscent. Seeds compressed or globose, 
I)asilar, hilum broad, testa membranous or coriaceous, albumen 0; embryo 
various, cotyledons often contorted, radicle deflexed. — Distrib. A small chiefly 
Indian order, with 4 genera and about 36 species. 

Stamens 4-5, all perfect and equal 1. Sabia. 

Stamens 5, very unequal . ..2. Meliosma. 

1. SABIA, Coleb. 

Climbing or sarmentose shrubs ; branches with the bud-scales persistent at 
their bases. Leaves quite entire. Floivers axillary, solitary, cymose or 
panicled, usually hermaphrodite, 2-bracteate; bracts, calyx, corolla, stamens 
and carpels all opposite. Calyx 4-6-partite. Petals 4-6, with transparent 
lines, green, purplish or yellow. Disk annular, 4^6-lobed. Stamens 4-6, 
inserted at the base of the disk ; antjiers extrorse or introrse. Carpels 2, rarely 
3, cohering slightly ; styles 2, erect, terminal, cohering slightly ; ovules 2 in 
each carpel, collateral or superposed, horizontal. Pipe-carpels 1 or 2, gibbous, 
"with a subbasal style, dry or drupaceous. Seed reniform, testa coriaceous, 
dotted ; embryo curved, cotyledons straight or incurved flat rugose or undulate, 
radicle cylindric. — Disteib. About 10 species, natives of tropical and tem- 
perate India. 

* Peduncles \-Jlowered. 

1. S. campanulats, Wall, in Roxh. Fl. Ind. ed. Carey, ii. 311; Cat. 
1002 ; leaves oblong acuminate puberulous base acute, petals elliptic nerved, 
filaments subulate much shorter than the petals. Hook. f. 8f T. Fl. Ind. i. 
209; Brandis, For. Flor. 116. 

Temperate Himalaya; from Simla, alt. 5000 ft., to Sikkim, alt. 9-10,000 ft. 
A climbing shrub. Leaves 2-4 by f-l-^ in., membranous, puberulous on both 
surfaces, nerves reticulate. Peduncles 1-2 in., subclavate. Flowers ^ in. diam., 

D. H. HILL LIBRARY 
North Carolina State College 



2 XLV. SABiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) [Sabia, 

BUbglobose or campanulate, green. Sepals orbicular. Petals i-^ long, enlarging and 
persistent after flowering. Anthers extrorse. Drupes 2^ in., pale blue, orbicular, 
compressed. » 

2. S. leptandra, Hook. f. 8^- T. Fl. Incl. i. 209 ; leaves elliptic or 
obloDg acuminate glabrous- base rounded, petals elliptic-oblong obtuse, fila- 
ments elongate. 

SiKxm Himalaya ; alt. 5-7000, ft. J, B. H. 

A shrub. Leaves thinly coriaceous, very variable in size and usually 3-4 by 1-1| 
in., rarely 6 by 3 in., beautifully reticulated between the few oblique nerves. 
Peduncles 1-2 in. Flowers campanulate, greenish-purple. Sepals 5, rounded. 
Petals i in. long, punctate. Filaments ligulate, anthers extrorse. Drupe as in S^ 
campanulata. 

* Floivers in 5- or moj-e-Jlou'ered cymes or panicles. 

3. S. purpurea, Hook. f. 8f T. Fl. Ind. i. 209 ; leaves oblong long- 
acuminate base usually rounded young puberulous, cymes 3-5-flowered, petals 
acute, filaments broadly subulate. S. parviflora. Wall. Cat. 1001, in ptart. 

Khasia Mts. ; alt. 4-6000 ft. Wallich, etc. 

Leaves 2-3 by i-1 in., often 6 by 2\ in. on the flowerless branches, glabrous, 
thinly coriaceous ; nerves oblique, uniting far within the margin. Peduncles long, 
irregularly branched. Flowers small, purplish. Sepals ovate, subacute. Petals 
ovate-lanceolate, 5 -nerved. Drupe as iu S. campanulata. 

4. S. malabarlca, Bedd. Ic PI. Ind. Or. t. 177; leaves elliptic- 
oblong aciuninate margins waved base roimded, cymes very short 2-6- 
flowered, petals elliptic obtuse, filaments subulate. 

"Western Peninsula; Anamallay hills, alt. 3-4000 ft., Beddome. 

A climbing shrub, quite glabrous. Leaves 3-5 by 1-lf in., thinly coriaceous, 
pale, margin cartilaginous ; nerves many, spreading, much reticulated beneath ; 
petiole A-1 in. Peduncle \-^ in. Flowers i in. diam. Sepals small, ovate, acute, 
ciliate. Petals glabrous. Stamens shorter than the petals. Filavients slender. 
Anthers didjonous, cells diverging. Ovules subcoUateral. Drupe \ in., reniform,. 
reticulated. — Beddome figures the petals as connate at the base. 

5. S. parviflora, 7r««. in Boxb. Fl.Ind.ed. Carey, ii. 310; Cat. 1001, m 
part; leaves ovate or oblong acuminate margins waved, cymes dicbotomous 
7-11-flowered, stamens imequal. Hooh.f. ^' T. Fl. Ind. i. 210. 

Subtropical and Temperate Himalaya ; from Kumaon to Sikkim, alt. 3-6000 ft. 

A climbing shrub ; branches very slender, tips puberulous. Leaves 2-4 by 
J-1^ in,, thinly coriaceous, glabrous, pale beneath, nerves almost horizontal. Brads- 
minute, ciliate. Flowers minute. Sepals ovate, ciliate. Petals narrowly oblong,. 
5-nerved, Filaments ligulate. Drupe i-^ in., obovoid, oblong or subglobose ; stona 
compressed, 

6. S. lanceolata, Colebroohe in Trans^ Linn. Soc. xii. 355 t. 14;. 
leaves oblong-lanceolate base acute or obtuse, cymes long-peduncled corym- 
bose many-flowered, petals ovate-lanceolate, stamens included. Wall, in 
Boxb. Fl. Ind. ed. Carey, ii. 309 ; Cat. 999 ; Blume Mas. Bot. 368 ; Hook, 
f. ^ T. Fl. Ind. i. 210. 

Khasia Mts., Silhet and Assam, from the sea level to 4000 ft. 

A climbing shrub. Leaves 4-7 by 15^-2^ in., shining above, glaucous beneath, 
thinly coriaceous, nerves nearly horizontal, petiole \-^ in. Peduncles 1^-2 in., 
slender, sometimes supra-axillary. Flowers greenish, sweet-scented. Sepals ovate, 
acute. Petals i in., subacute. Filaments subulate. Anthers introrse. Drupe § in , 
pulpy, blue ; stone rugose, compressed. 



SaUa.'\ XLV. SABiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) S 

7. S. limoniacea, Wall. Cat. 1000 ; leaves oblonj,^ or lanceolate acute 
or acuminate thickly coriaceous, panicles long glabrous, petals broadly oblong, 
stamens included. Hook. f. Sr T. Fl. Iiid. i. 210. Celastrinea, Wall. Cat. 
9015; Griff. Notul iv. 423; Ic. PI. As. t. 668 f. 2. 

Tbopicai. Sikkim, Bhotan, and the Khasia Mts., ascending to 3000 ft. ; 
SiLHET, Assam and Chittagong. 

A lofty climber. Leaves 3-7 l^y l:^"^^ in., base rounded or acute, much reticulate 
when dry ; nerves oblique, incurved. Panicles reddish, quite glal^rous, axillary or a 
little supra-axillary, -with persistent bud-scales at their bases. Flowers minute, 
yellowish. Sepals orbicular. Petals ^ in., shortly clawed, obovate, 5-nerved, fleshy. 
Filaments fleshy, incurved. — This approaches the Javanese S. Tnenescorta, Bl. 

8. S. paniculata, Edgio. in Hook. f. ^ T. Fl. Ind. i. 211 ; branches- 
glabrous, leaves elliptic- or oblong-lanceolate acute coriaceous base rounded 
or acute, panicles long pilose, petals oblong, stamens included. Brandis For. 
Flar. 117. 

Subtropical "Western Himalaya ; in Kumaon and Garwhal, ascending to 3000 ft. 

Branches glabrous. Leaves 5-8 by 1^-3 in., glabrous, young puberulous, much 
reticulate ; nerves oblique, arched. Sepals elliptic, 1 -nerved, densely hairy. Petals 
^-| in., oblong, subacute, 3-5-nerved. Filaments ligulate. Drupes \ in. diam., 
usually solitary, orbicular, compressed. 

9. S. tomentosa, Hook. /. ; branches and nerv^es of leaves beneath 
tomentose, leaves elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate acute, petiole very short, paniclea 
branched many-flowered and glabrous, petals linear-oblong, stamens included. 

Upper Assam? alt. 3500 ft., Griffith. 

Branches slender, the younger clothed with soft spreading hairs, as are the petioles. 
Leaves 2| by 1 in., rather coriaceous, bullate between the spreading nerves, which ar& 
very prominent and haiiy beneath ; petiole ^ in. Panicle much branched, many- 
flowered, peduncle puberulous ; branches and pedicels slender, glabrous. Flowers 
^ in. diam. Fila^nents ligulate, shorter than the petals. Fruit didymous, of two 
obovoid diverging rugose subcompressed carpels, each nearly \ in. long. — The only 
specimen I have seen has but two leaves, and is remarkable for its very short petioles 
and tomentum. There is no habitat on the ticket, which resembles those of Griffith's 
journey from Upper Assam to Birma. It contains the foUo-v^-ing inscription : — 
"Sabia sp., fructibus subrotundis. 15. Alt. 3500." 

10. S. vlridlssima, Kurz in Joum. As. Soc. Beng. 1872, ii. 304; 
glabrous, leaves obovate- to elliptic-lanceolate acuminate membranous, petiole 
^§ in., panicles lax, style 3-fid, stigma cm'\'ed. 

Andaman Islds., Kurz. 

Leaves 6-8 in., acuminate at lx)th ends. Flowers small, white, pedicels \ in., slender, 
thickened above. Sepals glabrous, ovate, obtuse. Petals almost \ in. long. Stigmas 
horse-shoe shaped. Fruit unknown. — I know nothing of this species beyond Kurz's 
description. 

2. MSZiZOSHKA, Blume. 
(MiLLiNGTONiA, Roxb., Wellingtonia, Meissn.) 

Trees or shrubs, usually pubescent or tomentose. Leaves simple or odd-niu- 
nate ; leaflets subopposite, the terminal rarely wanting. Flowers in branched 
terminal or terminal and axillary panicles, small or minute, hermaphrodite ; 
bracts caducous. Bracteoles and sepals 5-9, persistent, forming an uninterrupted 
■whorl round the much larger petals, outer smaller. Petals 5 ; 3 large, nearly 
orbicular, valvate, or imbricate ; 2 smaller, interior, placed behind the fertile 



4 XLV. SABIACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) [MeliosTna. 

stamens, either membranous and nearly free, or reduced to a bifid scale adnata 
to the filament. ' Stamens 5 ; 2 fertile, opposite the smaller petals, filament 
short, flattened, incurved, expanded at the top into a cup, which bears two glo- 
bose cells that burst transversely, springing back elastically ; 3 deformed, broad, 
opposite the larger petals, 2-fid with 2 empty cells, together forming a cup over 
the pistil. Disk cupular or annular, with 2-6 simple or toothed teeth. Ovary 
sessile, 2- rarely 3-celled, contracted into a simple or 2-partible style, stigma sim- 
ple ; ovules 2 in each cell. Drupe small, oblique, subglobose ; stone crustaceous, 1- 
celled, with usually a basilar rounded projection, over which the seed is 
curved. Seed globose, testa membranous; cotyledons conduplicate, radicle 
incurved. — Distrib. Species about 20, natives of Tropical Asia and the Malay 
Archipelago, with a very few S. America. 

* Leaves simple. 

t Leaves serrate-toothed (see also 3. M. Wightii and 4. M. simplicifolia). 

1. 3M[. dillenieefolia, TFa//. wiss. (]\£llingtonia) ; leaves obovate or oblan- 
ceolate coarsely spinulose-toothed pubescent or tomentose beneath, panicles 
lax slender, flowers pedicelled, sepals and bracteoles ciUate, petals membran- 
ous, inner orbicular. Brandis For. Flor. 115 ; Wt. ^ Am. in JEd. Neio Phil. 
Jaurn., 1833, 179; Wt. HI. i. 144 (^liUingtonia) ; Millingtonia, TTw//. Cat. 8116/ 

Tempebate Himalaya; from Simla, alt. 4-8000 ft,, to Sikkim, alt. 8-10,000 ft. 
— Distrib.? Japein. 

A small tree, 20 ft. ; branches, petioles, and panicles covered with soft rusty 
pubescence. Leaves 6-12 by 3-5 in., membranous, cuspidate-acuminate, nar- 
rowed into the petiole ; nerves very many, parallel, ending in marginal teeth. Panicle 
as long as the leaves or longer, spreading, lax-flowered ; bracts broad, deciduous ; 
pedicels very short ; flowers white. Drupe globose, § in. diam., sometimes did3anousi 
— This is very near indeed to the Japan M. myriantha Sieb. & Zucc, which is just 
distinguishable by the persistent subulate bracts. Wallich's 8116 seems to be a young 
etate of this, with large leaves glabrous beneath. 

2. M. pung-ens, Wall. Cat. 8114 E, F (Millingtonia) ; leaves ob- 
lanceolate caudate-acuminate coarsely serrate glabrous or puberulous beneath, 
flowers sessile glomerated, sepals and bracteoles about 7 all suborbicular cili- ' 
ate, petals membranous. Brandis Fa)\ Floi: 116, M. acuminata, Boyle III. 
139. M. integrifolia, Wall. Cat. 8114 G in part (Millingtonia). M. rigida and 
M. ferruginea, Sieb. 8f Zucc. (in Herb. Hook.) 

Subtropical and Temperate Himalaya ; alt. 3-8000 ft., from Marri to Nipal. — 
Distrib. Japan. 

A small tree ; branches, petioles, and panicles clothed with rusty pubescence. 
Leaves 5-9 in. by 2-3 in., very coriaceous, narrowed into the petiole, almost spinulose- 
serrate, apex long quite entire ; nerves stout, ascending, very prominent beneath ; 
petiole :|— 1 in. Panicle often much larger than the leaves, spreading, erect ; flowers 
densely fascicled on the ultimate branchlets, larger than in M. dillenicefolia or simplici- 
folia. Drupe i in. diam. globose. — The Japanese specimens have usually longer 
petioles, but I find no other difierence. The densely glomerate larger flowers at once 
distinguishes this from M. simplicifolia. The M. integrifolia Wall. Herb, under 
8114 G-. consists of one specimen of this with nearly entire leaves, and one of M, 
simplicifolia, both from Nipal. 

tt Leaves quite entire, or subserrate ivhen young only. 

3. M. Wig-htii, Planch, in Herb. Hook; leaves coriaceous obovate 
elliptic-obovate or oblanceolate shortly acuminate glabrous or pubescent be- 
neath, flowers sessile glomerate, sepals and bracteoles about 9 broad ciliate 
the outer pubescent on the back; petals membranous. Brandis For. Flo7\ 116 
(under M. pungens). Millingtonia simplicifolia, Wall. Cat. 8114 A. M. pungens. 



MeUosma."] xlv. sabiace^. (J. D. Hooker.) 5 

Wall. ; Wt. 8f Am. in Ed. Neio Phi^. Jaurn. 1833, 178 ; W. Sf A. Prodr. 115 ; 
Wight Ic. t. 964, 3 ; Thwaites Enum. 59; Bedd. FL Sylv. Anal. Gen. 77 ; Bedd. 
Fl. Sylv. Man. 77. 

Western Peninstjia ; from the Concan southwards. Ceylon, Central Province, 
alt. 5-7000 ft. 

Very similar to M. jmngens, and perhaps only a form of that plant ; but the habit 
is more robust, the leaves usually broader in proportion, less tapered to the base, and 
quite entire, often more oblong-elliptic, with rarely a caudate apex, and if toothed the 
teeth are less spinulose; the flowers are of the same size, and similarly aggregated ; 
the fruit also appears to be of the same size. 

4. M. simpliclfolla, Roxh. Fl. Ind, i. 103 ; Cor. PL t. 254 (Millingto- 
nia) ; leaves membranous olDovate oblanceolate or oblong-lanceolate quite en- 
tire or toothed when yoimg glabrous or pubescent beneath, flowers sessile 
distinct, sepals and bracteoles about 6 ciliate outer narrow hairy on the 
back. . Wall. Cat. 8114 B, C, D; W ^' A. Prodr. 115 (Millingtonia) ; M. 
integrifolia, Wall. Cat. 8114 G (Millingtonia) ; Thwaites Enum. 59; Griff. 
Notvl. iv. 162 ; Ic. PI. As. t. 4A2 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. Anal. Gm. 77. 

Tkopical Himalaya ; Nipal, Wallich ; Sikkim, alt. f-4000 ft. J. H. D. ; Bhotan 
Griffith — TCha sta Mt's. ascending to 3000 ft. ; Assam, Sylhet, Tenassebim at Mergui, 
Griffith ; Western Peninsula, in subalpine forests, Beddome. Ceylon, common up 
to an elevation of 3000 ft. Disteib. Java ? 

A large tree ; branchlets and petioles puberulous, panicles pubescent. Leaves 6-16 
ty 4_7 in,, narrowed into the petiole, , young sometimes obtusely toothed, usually 
membranous, shortly acuminate, glabrous or puberulous beneath, with strong raised 
nerves ; petiole \-2 in. Panicle often longer than the leaves, sometimes leafy, or 
panicles in the upper axil ; branches slender. Flowers much smaller than in M. Wightii, 
not glomerated, more hairy on the bracts and sepals, which are much more acute. 
Fruit about ^ in. diam. — Miquel gives this as a native of Java, but I have seen no 
specimen from Java exactly according with it. I have seen no Western Peninsula 
specimens of this, but Beddome says it is common on the Ghats, about 2-3000 ft. 
elevation, above which its place is taken by M.jpungens (Wightii). 

5. BI. elliptica, Hook. f. ; leaves coriaceous elliptic acuminate at both 
ends quite entire densely rufous pubescent or tomentose beneath, panicl© 
densely tomentose, flowers sessile distinct, sepals and bracteoles 3-6, orbicular 
very coriaceous subciliate, petals very coriaceous subvalvate. Sabia? flori- 
bunda, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. i. 521. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay ; Singapore, Lohh. 

A tree ? ; branchlets, petioles, leaves beneath and panicles clothed with very soft 
rusty dense almost velvety tomentum. Leaves 3-7 by 1^-3 in., glabrous except the 
pubescent midrib above, quite entire, rarely oblanceolate, narrowed into the petiole ; 
nerves arched, very prominent beneath ; petiole ^\ in. Panicle as in the genus, 
usually larger than the leaves. Flowers of the size of M. simplicifolia, very distinct 
from all the preceding in the small coriaceous glabrous sepals. Staminal scales 
2-fid, ciliate at the tip (Maingay)— Kurz (Jour. As. Soc. Beng. 1870, ii. 74) refers 
Sabia ? florihunda of Miquel to M. simplicifolia, meaning no doubt this species, under 
which I hence cite it. 

6. HI. lancifolia, Hook. f. ; clothed with spreading villous pubescence, 
leaves very long oblanceolate aciuninate membranous, flowers sessile, aggre- 
gated, sepals and bracteoles 5 outer lanceolate ciliate and bairy on the back 
inner glabrous oblong. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

Branchlets cylindric, clothed with a rough and much "more spreading pubescence 
than in any of the other species, especially on the panicle and nerves of the leaves be- 



6 XLV. SABiACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) IMeliosma. 

neath. Leaves 12-18 bj 3^-4 in., very long and narrow, very acuminate, but not 
caudate, very gradually narrowed into the short petiole ; upper surface minutely 
scabrid ; nerves numerous, arching. Panicle shorter than the leaves (in the only spe- 
cimen). Flowers as small as in M. simplicifolia, crowded on the ultimate branchlets. 
Inner sepals very coriaceous, obtuse, quite glabrous. Petals Siud fruit not seen. 

** Leaves odd-pinnate, 
t Lea/lets serrate or toothed. 

7. M. plnnata, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. i. 104 (Millingtonia) ; nearly glabrous, 
leaflets 6-12 pairs oblong or oblong- or linear-lanceolate acuminate more or less 
serrate glabrous, panicle puberulous very large, flowers pedicelled or sessile. 
Maxim, Diagn. FL Jap. Dec. iv. and v. 263 ; Wall Cat. 8115 & 8117. 

SiKKiM Himalaya, alt. 1000 ft, J. D. H. Stjm-et, Eoxburgk. Khasia Mts., alt. 
3-5000 ft. H. f. ^ T. Upper Assam, Griffith.— Distris. Japan ? 

A middling- sized tree; branches smooth. Leaves 6-18 in. ; petiole cylindric ; 
leaflets 3-6 by 1-1^ in. shortly petiolulate, much acuminate, sometimes nearly entire. 
Panicle as long as the leaves, terminal ; branches spreading ; bracts minute, cadu- 
cous, subulate. Flowers white, minute. Sepals and bracteoles 5, broadly orbiciilar- 
ovate, minutely ciliate, otherwise glabrous. Petals subvalvate, glabrous. Bisk 
S'-angled. Drupe as large as a pea. — The M. rhoifdlia, Maxim., of Japan seems to be the 
same as this. 

8. 3ME. Wallichll, Planch, in Herh. Hook. ; pubescent, leaflets 3-6-pair3 
oblong oblong-ovate or obovate-acuniinate more or less spinulose-toothed, 
pubescent beneath, panicle tomentose, flowers very shortly pedicelled. 

Tropigal Himalaya ; Nipal, Wallich ; Sikkim, Herb. Griffith. Khasia Mts., 
alt. 4-6000 ft., Hf. # T.— Distrib. Korea. 

A small tree; branchlets rusty puberulous. Leaves, 6-12 in.; leaflets, 3-7 in., 
straight or falcate, rather coriaceous ; petiole, petiolules and under-surface clothed 
with a spreading rusty tomentum ; nerves many, curved ; upper surface opaque ; 
base rounded oblique. Panicle stout, much branched ; hairs short spreading; 
bracts caducous. Flowers minute, on short stout pedicels. Sepals and bracteoles 5, 
glabrous, orbicular-ovate. Petals subvalvate. Drupe globose, the size of a small 
pea. — Small specimens of this from Moflong in the Khasia seem identical with 
a Corean plant collected by "Wilford. 

tt Leaflets quite entire. 

9. m/t. Amottiana, Wight, HI., i. 144, t. 53 (Millingtonia); riisty- 
tomentose, leaflets 5-7 pairs subopposite ovate-lanceolate subcaudate acuminate 
pubescent beneath, panicles rusty pubescent, flowers crowded sessile or shortly 
pedicelled. Thwaites Enum. 69 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 1. 160. Sapindus ? microcarpus, 

W. & A. Prodr. 112. 

Western Peninsula ; from Canara southwards, Wight. Ceylon ; in the 
central province, alt. 4-7000 ft. 

A tree ? ; branchlets, petioles, petiolules, leaflets beneath and panicle clothed 
with a spreading subfurfuraceous or velvety rusty pubescence. Leaves 6-10 
in.; leaflets 3-5 by l^-H in., rather membranous, lower often falcate and 
recurved, base rounded, nerves not prominent, tips finely drawn out, upper surface 
opaque ; petiolules \-^ in. Panicle axillary and terminal. Flowers very numer- 
ous, crowded on the branchlets of the panicle. Sepals and bracteoles 5, orbicular- 
ovate, obtuse, ciliolate, rather pubescent. Petals subvalvate. Drupe globose, the 
size of pea. 

10. M. sumatrana, Jack in Mai. Misc. ii. 30 (IVIillingtonia) ; glabrous, 
leaflets 3-6 pairs elliptic- or obovate- or ovate-lanceolate acuminate base acute 
panicle contracted pubescent, flowers large crowded. M. nitida, Blume Cat. 



Meliosma.'] xlv. sabucejs. (J. D. Hooker.) 7 

Hort. Butt. 32 ; Rumphia, iii. 202, tab. 1G9 ; Nees in Flora, 1825, lOG (MiUing- 
tonia) ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. pt. 2, 617. Irina integerrima, Blume Bijd. 231. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. — Distrlb. Sumatra. 

A moderate-sized tree; branchlets glabrous. Leaves 1-1^ ft.; petiole nearly 
terete; leaflets 6-10 in., opposite, very variable in shape, coriaceous, shining on 
both surfaces ; nerves arched, much reticulate ; petiolules ^-§ in. Panicle stout, 
erect, rusty-pubescent, wdth rather spreading short pubescence ; bracts acuminate, 
ciliate. Sepals and bracteoles 5, the outermost very small, broadly orbicular-ovate, 
rather thick, glabrous. Petals subvalvate. Filaments larger than usual in the 
genus, without lateral teeth, the scale (petal) behind them being larger, elliptic and 
entire. i'Vtfli^ nearly | in. diam. — I think there can be no doubt but that this is 
Jack's M. Sumatrana ; and that it is the same -with Blume's M. nitida. I have 
in proof Java specimens of the latter named by Blume. Jack states that the ter- 
minal leaflet is sometimes absent. Griffith has a single imperfect specimen of 
apparently this plant from Malacca, with a few spinulose teeth on the upper part of 
the leaflets ; it may be M. confiisa, Bl. of Sumatra. 

11. HI. lanceolata, Blwne Cat. Hart. Buit. 32; Rumphia, iii. 200, 
t. 168 (B. excepted), yai-.pubescens; pubescent, leaflets 6-8 pairs, veiy coriaceous 
linear-oblong caudate-acuminate pubescent beneath margins recurved, panicle 
tomentose with veiy long branches. 

Malacca, Mt. Ophir, Griffith, Maingay (M. Sumatrana, Kew distrib. not of 
Jack). — DiSTEiB. Sumatra, Borneo. 

A tree; branchlets stout, rusty-pubescent. Leaves 1-2 it. ; petiole stout, terete; 
leaflets 5-7 by 1^-1| in., often recurved and subfalcate, base rounded, rigidly coriaceous, 
shining above, opaque and pubescent beneath with much raised nerves ; petiolules 
stout, ^ in. Panicles very large, with long spreading branches, almost velvety with 
rusty tomentum. Flowers minute, rather scattered, sessile or nearly so. Sepals 
and bracteoles 4 or 5, broadly orbicular-ovate, glabrous, outer ciliate. Petals valvate. 
Filaments short ; scales 2-fid. Fruit not seen. — The Bornean and Sumatra specimens 
are more glabrous on the leaflets beneath, but I find no other diflference. 



Nat. Ord. XLVI. AXTACARDZACSS:. (By J. D. Hooker.) 

Trees or shrubs ; juice often milky and acrid. Leaves alternate, opposite in 
Bouea, exstipulate, simple or compound. In/lo7-escence various ; flowers small, 
regular, unisexual, polygamous, or bisexual. Calyx 3-6-partite, sometimes 
accrescent, spathaceous in Gluta, Petals 3-6, alternate with the sepals, free, 
rarely 0, imbricate or valvate in bud, sometunes accrescent. Disk flat, 
cup-shaped or annular, entire or lobed, rarely obsolete. Stamens as many as 
the petals, rarely more, inserted under, rarely on, the disk, filaments usually 
subiilate ; anthers 2-celled, basi- or dorsi-fixed. Ovary superior, half inferior 
in Holigama, 1- or 2-6-ceUed, rudimentary or 2-3- fid in the ^ ; of 6-6 free 
carpels in Buchanania ; styles 1-4, or stigma subsessile ; ovules solitary in the 
cells, pendulous from the top or wall or from an ascending basal funicle. 
Fruit usually a 1-5-celled 1-6-seeded drupe ; stone sometimes dehiscent. Seed 
exalbuminous ; embryo straight or curved, cotyledons plano-convex, radicle 
short. — Distrib. Chiefly tropical ; genera about 45 ; species about 460. 

Sorindeia Madagascariensis, DC. {Wall. Cat. 8491), is cultivated in gardens in 
India. 

Tribe I. Anacardiece. Ovary 1-celled, or if 2-celled, with one cell 
early simpressed. 

A. Ovules pendulous from a basal fimicle. 



XLVi. ANACARDiACEj;. (J. D. Hooker.) 



• Sepals and petals not accrescent. 

Calyx 4-5-partite. Petals 4-6. Stamens 4-10. Leaves 
alternate, usually compound 

Calyx o-partite. Petals 0. Stamens 3-4. Leavjes alter 
nate, compound 

Calyx 4-5-partite. Petals 4-5. Stamens 1-5. Style fili- 
form. Leaves alternate, simplp .... 

Calyx 5-partite. Petals 5. Stamens 8-10, all or a few 
only perfect. Torus stipitate. Style filiform. Leaves 
alternate,simple 

Calyx 3-5-partite, valvate. Petals 3-5. Stamens 3-5, all 
perfect. Style short. Leaves opposite, simple 

Calyx spathaceous. Petals 4-6. Stamens 4-6. Torus stipi 
tate. Style filiform. Leaves alternate, simple 

Calyx 3-5-lobed. Petals 3-5. Stamens 10. Carpels 5-6; 
one only perfect. Styles short. Leaves alternate 
simple 



2. 



Rhus. 

PiSTACIA. 

Mangifera. 
Anacaedium. 

4. BOUEA. 

5. Glijta. 

6. buchanania. 



*3. 



** S^als or petals accrescent. Leaves simple. 

Calyx spathaceous. Stamens 5 or numerous . . ,7. Melaxorrhcea. 
Calyx 6-partite. Stamens 5 8. S-svixtoxia. 

B. Ovules pendulous from the top of the cell or from the walls of the 
ovary above the middle. 

* Leaves ^foliolate w pinnate. 

Calyx not accrescent. Petals valvate. Stamens 10 

Style 1 , 
Calyx not 

Style 1 

Calyx not accrescent. Petals imbricate. 

with 5 staminodes. Style very short 
Calyx not accrescent. Petals imbricate. Stamens 8- 

Styles 3-4 

Calyx accrescent. Petals 4. Stamens 4. Style 3-fid 



accrescent. Petals imbricate. Stamens 10 



Stamens 5 



10 



9. solexocaepus. 

10. Tapiria. 

11. Pentaspadox. 

12. Odina. 

13. PARISmA. 



•* Leaves simple. 

Petals imbricate. Stamens 5. Styles 3. Drupe on a much 
enlarged peduncle 

Petals imbricate. Stamens 5. Style 1. Drupe superior . 

Petals valvate. Stamens 5. Styles 3. Drupe inferior . . 

Petals valvate. Stamens 5. Style 1. Drupe superior 

Petals imbricate. Stamens 4. Style 1, short. Drupe 
superior 

Petals imbricate. Stamens 6-10. Style 1. Drupe superior 



14. Semeoarpus. 

15. Dbimtcarpus. 

16. Hoi;.IGARNA. 

17. Melaxochyla. 



18. nothopkgia. 

19. Campxosperma. 



Tbibe II. SpondlesB. Ovary 2-5-celled ; ovules pendulous. Leaves 
pinnate. 

Flowers polygamous. Stamens 8-10. Styles 4-5, free above 20. Spoxdias. 
Flowers bisexal. Stamens 10. Styles 5, thick, connate 

at the lips 21. Dracoxtomelum. . 



DOUBTFUL GENUS. 

Calyx 3-fid. Stamens 3. Ovary 3-celled. Leaves entire . ? 22. Eumphia. 



BJius.'] XLVi. ANACARDiACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) • 9 

1. aSUS, Linn. 

Trees or shrubs, with often an acrid juice. Leaves alternate, pimple or 1-3- 
foliolate or pinnate ; leaflets quite entire or serrate. Flowers small, in terminal 
and axillary panicles, polygamous. Cali/a: small, 4-6-parted, persistent ; eeg- 
ments nearly equal, imbricate. Petals 4-6, equal, spreading, imbricate. Stamens 
4, 6, G, or 10, inserted at the base of the disk, free ; filaments subulate ; anthera 
short, imperfect in the $ flower. Ovary sessile, ovoid or globose, 1-celled ; 
styles 3, free or curvate, short or long ; stigmas simple or capitate ; ovule pendu- 
lous from a basal funicle. Drupe small, dry, compressed ; stone coriaceous, 
crustaceous or bony. Seed pendulous from the funicle, testa membranous, coty- 
ledons flattish, radicle hooked short superior. — A large genus of about 120 
species, natives chiefly of warm temperate regions. 

Sect. 1. Cotinus. Leaves simple. Panicle with many flowerless finally 
elongate capillary hairy pedicels. Flmoers bisexual. Drupe obovate, com- 
pressed, stone triangular. 

1. Zl. Cotinus, Linn. ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 4 ; leaves long-petioled 
elliptic or obovate glabrous or tomentose. Brandis Far.Flor. 118. R velutina,. 
Wall. Cat. 998 (esccl. C. in Herh. Linn. Soc.) ; R. la&vis. Wall. mss. in G. Don 
Gen. Syst. ii. 66. 

Western Subtropicax Himalaya; alt. 3-5000 ft., from Marri to Kumaon. — 
DiSTKiB. from Syria westwards to France. 

A shrub or small tree. Leaves 2-4 in., obtuse ; nerves spreading, parallel ; petiole very 
slender, 1-2 in. Panicles axillary and terminal, xety large, slender, and many-flowered. 
Flowers ^ in. diam. ; pedicels very slender. Sepals linear-oblong, obtuse. Petals 
twice as long, elliptic. Stamens shorter than the petals ; anthers large. IHsk broad, 
4-angled. JDrupe ^ in., compressed, covered with white hairs. — The numerous hairy 
flowerless pedicels of the very large copious panicles give this bush a remarkable 
appearance during and after flowering. Wall. Cat. 998 C. (in Herb. Linn. Soc. only) 
is Bhus succedanea. 

Sect. 2. Sumac. Leaves 3-foliolate or odd-pinnate. Flowers polygamous 
dioecious or bisexual. Lh'upe ovoid or orbicular. 
* Leaves trifoliolate. 

2. R. parviflora, Boxh. Fl. Ind. ii. 100; softly tomentose, leaflets 
elliptic oblong-obovate or orbicular irregularly crenate above the middle. DC. 
Prodr. ii. 70 ; Wall. Cat. 991 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Flor. Suppl. 19 ; Brandis- 
For. Floi'. 119. 

Western Himalaya; alt. 2-5000 ft., from Kumaon to Nipal. Central India 
on the Pashmarchi hills, Brandis. 

An unarmed shrub; branchlets, leaves beneath, petioles and panicle densely 
clothed with soft rusty tomentum. Leaves palmate, 3-foliolate; petiole 1-H in., 
stout ; leaflets 1^-3 in., sessile or the terminal contracted into a petiole, coriaceous, 
tomentose on both surfaces especially beneath ; nerves spreading, parallel. PanicUs 
axillary and terminal, silky, longer than the leaves. Flowers^ in. diam. ; pedicels 
very short; bracts linear. Sepals ovate, the outer hairy. Petals tyncQ as long, ob- 
long. Disk 5-lobed. Drupe ^ in. diam., ovoid, compressed, red-brown, shining. — 
The Ceylon specimens alluded to in Brandis are no doubt cultivated ones. 

3. R. mysorensls, Heyne; W. ^ A. Prodr. 172; pubescent, leaf- 
lets small obovate or cuneate sinuate-toothed or -lobed. Brandis For. Flor. 
119; Beddome Fl. Sylv. Anal. Gen. 78. t. xi. f. 3; Wall. Cat. 997. 

North Western India ; Scind, StocTcs ; Rohilkund, near Delhi. Western Panjab^ 
Sulima range, alt. 2500-5000 ft. Western Peninsula ; Maisor and the Dekkan. 
A small shrub ; branches woody, flexuous, often spinous ; branchlets, petioles, 



10 XLVi. ANACAEDiACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) [Bhus, 

leaves beneath, and panicle clothed with a rather furfuraceous pubescence. Leaves 
palmately 3-folioIate ; petiole ^-f in. ; leaflets ^-1|- in., the terminal always much 
the largest, lateral often veiy small, all sessile and contracted at the base. Panicles 
subsimple, very slender, axillary and terminal. Flowers ^ in. diam. ; pedicels short ; 
bracts minute. Sepals ovate, 2 smaller. Petals oblong, much larger than the sepals. 
Sta'niens short. Bisk obscurely 5-lobed. Drupe \ in. diam., subglobose, compressed, 
red-brown, shining. — Brandis suspects that this may be a form of E. parvifiora, but 
I cannot think so. 

4. R. paniculata, Wall. Cat. 993 ; glabrous, leaflets elliptic or 
elliptic-oblong obtuse entire or very obscurely sinuate-lobed. 

Bhotan, Griffith ; Birtha at Yenangheum, Wallich. — Distrib. Yunan. 

Probably a tree; quite glabrous except the mi&utely puberulous panicles. 
Leaves rather coriaceous, palmately 3-foliolate ; petiole 1-1^ in. ; leaflets 3-6 by 
1-2 in., rarely oblanceolate, sessile, contracted at the base, terminal the largest and 
sometimes petiolulate ; nerves many, spreading, parallel. Panicles very slender, 
axillary and terminal, elongate ; branchlets recurved. Flowers ~ in. ; shortly pedicelled. 
Sepals orbicular. Petals not much larger, ovate-oblong, obtuse. Disk cup-shaped. 
Drupe ^ in. diam., nearly orbicular, depressed. 

** Leaves odd-pinnate. 

t Leo/lets pubescent or tomentose beneath. 

5. R. semi-alata, Murray; DC. Prodr. ii. 67; petiole usually winged 
above, leaflets 4-6-pairs sessile toothed densely pubescent beneath, panicle 
equalling the leaves, pericarp indehiscent. Brandu For. Flor. 119. R. bucM- 
amela, Roxb. Ft. Ind. ii. 99 ; Wight Ic. t. 561 ; Wall. Cat. 994. R. javanica, 
X. (fid. DC). R. Amela, Don Prodr. 248. 

Temperate Himaulva ; from Banahal to Sikkim, alt. 3-6000 ft, Khasia Mts., 
alt. 3-5000 ft. 

A small tree ; branchlets, petioles, leaves beneath and panicles clothed with a 
dense soft pubescence. Leaves 10-18 in. ; petiole cylindric ; leaflets coriaceous, sessile, 
oblong, acuminate, base cuneate, terminal petiolidate, opaque above, pale reddish- 
white beneath ; nerves many, parallel. Panicle large, broad, with a stout peduncle. 
Flowers l^ in., white or pale yellow-green. Sepals ovate, obtuse, pubescent. Petals 
much larger, oblong, ciliate, and with a ciliate median ridge on the upper surface. 
Stamens exceeding the petals ; anthers large. Disk cup-shaped, 10-lobed. Styles 
rather long. Drupe ^ in. diam., orbicidar, compressed, red, shining, acid. — I have 
specimens from the Bombay Presidency collected by Dr. Gibson (perhaps cultivated), 
and from Eitchie (Griffith's Herbarium) collected at Baraghur (probably east of the 
Indus) \nth the name " SemaU-Shoorookee." The leaves are very small, the leaflets 
about 1 in. long, more sharply serrated ; it may be a different species. 

6. It. punjabensis, Steivart in Brandis For. Flor. 120; petiole not 
winged pubescent, leaflets 5-6-pairs sessile quite entii'e or serrate towards the 
tip slightly pubescent beneath, panicles much smaller than the leaves, flowers 
sessile, pericarp indehiscent. 

North Western Hijialaya; Kunawur, alt. 6000 ft., Thomson. Eajaori and 
Bussahir, alt. 2500-8000 ft., Brandis. 

A tree 30-40 ft, ; branchlets, petioles, leaves beneath and panicles covered with 
a very fine pale pubescence. Leaves 12-18 in.; petiole slender, terete; leaflets 
sessile, oblong or ovate-oblong, acuminate, membranous, opaque above, base 
rounded ; nerves numerous, slightly arched, simple. Panicles about half the length 
of the leaves, subsessile ; branches dense, spreading. Flowers unknown. Drupes 
^ in. diam., orbicular, compressed, red, tomentose. 

7. R. khaslana, Hook. f. ; petiole very slender glabrous, leaflets 8-12- 



Jthus.] XLVi. ANACAEDIACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) 11 

pairs membranous subsessile lanceolate incised-serrate long-acuminate hairy 
cliiefiy on the nerves bepeath, pericarp dehiscent. 

Khasia Mts. ; at the Borpanee, and at Chittagong. H. f. ^ T. 

A large tree. Leaves 1-1^ ft.; petiole terete, soft, puhescent to-wards the tip; 
leaflets 3-4 by |— | in. ; base cuueate, oblique, glaucous beneath ; nerves very slender, 
about 15 pairs, arched, clothed with soft white spreading hairs. Flowers not seen. 
Drupes g- in. diam., in open panicles, pedicelled, orbicular-ovate, compressed; epicarp 
papery, pale, irregularly torn, exposing a tibrous endocarp. — I have only examined 
imperfect specimens of this very distinct plant, which approaches R. punjabensis in 
habit. 

8. Zl. Wallicliii, Hook. f. ; petiole tomentose not winged, leaflets 3-5- 
pairs subsessile quite entire densely softly tomentose beneath, panicles much 
shorter than the leaves, pericai-p "dehiscent. R. vernicifera (in part), DC. 
Prodr. ii. 68 ; Royle III. 175 ; Brandis For. Flor. 120. R. juglandifolia. Wall. 
Cat. 996 (not of Willdenow). 

Temperate Himalaya ; from Garwhal to Nipal, alt. 6-7000 ft. 

A tree; bran chiefs stout, petioles and leaves beneath and panicles, clothed with 
a soft dense rusty tomentum. Leaves l2-\% in.; petiole terete; leaflets 6-9 by 
2-3 in., coriaceous, elliptic or oblong, acuminate, shortly petiolulate ; Imse rounded, 
upper surface pubescent or glabrous ; nerves 20-25 pairs, parallel. Panicles much 
shorter than the leaves, axillary ; branches short, stout. Flowers subsessile, ^ in. diam. 
Sepcls small, broadly ovate, obtuse. Petals much larger, obovate, concave, white ? with 
very broad dark veins. Filaments short ; anthers large. Disk broad, cup-shaped, 
cbsciirely lobed. Drupes densely crowded, ^ in. diam., globose, puberulous; epicarp 
dry, criistaceous, bursting irregularly ; stone globose, very thick, bony, surrounded by 
wax. — I agree with Brandis in regarding this as quite distinct from the Japanese 
wax tree {R. vernicifera), from which it differs in the sessile flowers and laxer and 
longer panicles ; juice corrosive. The Sikkim specimens referred to this species by 
Brandis have glabrous petioles, and belong to R. ijisignis. 

9. St. insigrnis, JLookf.-, petiole not winged glabrous, leaflets 3-4 pairs, 
petiolulate glabrous above tomentose beneath, panicles shorter than the leaves, 
drupe pedicelled, pericarp dehiscent. 

Sikkim Himalaya, interior valleys, alt. 3-6000 ft. J. D. H. Kuasia Mts. at 
Nurtiung, alt. 4000 ft. H.f. ^ T. 

A small beautiful tree. Leaves 12-18 in. ; petiole terete ; leaflets 6-9 by 3-4^ in., 
coriaceous, quite entire, elliptic or oblong, abruptly acuminate, glabrous and sinn- 
ing above, rusty, softly tomentose beneath ; nerves very numerous, as in R. Wallichii. 
Flowers not seen. Fruiting panicles axillary, stout, 10 in. long-peduncled ; l)ranches 
spreading. Drupes scattered on the panicle, globose ^ in. diam. ; epicarp thin, 
dry, bursting irregularly and enclosing a globose white mass of wax containing a very 
.small flattened crustaceous stone. — Similar in many respects to R. Wallichii, but very 
different in the glabrous petiole and panicle, petioluled leaflets that are often cordate 
at the base, large lax glabrous panicles, and smaller very different fruit. The panicles 
and petioles are crusted with lenticels in some Sikkim specimens. 

10. a. ? X>huna, Hamilton in Wall. Cat. 8502 (Terebinthacere ?) ; pe- 
tiole not winged and leaflets beneath softly tomentose ; leaflets 4 paii-s petio- 
lulate oblong abruptly acuminate. 

Nipal at Patgong, Hamilton. 

Leaves 2 ft. ; petiole stout, cylindric, grooved ; leaflets 6-10 by 3-4 in., coriaceous, 
■terminal obovate, with a cuneate base, the rest oblong with a cordate base ; midrib 
■stout; nerves 25 pairs slightly arched; under surface clothed with soft spreading hairs, 
tipper smooth, glabrous, with a slender midrib ; petiolule robust, cylindric \-h in. — 
I have only leaves of this very fine plant, which appear to be closely allied to R. Wal- 
lichii, Q.n^ R. insignis, differing from the former in the much less tomentose leaves 
and petiolulate leaflets, and from the latter in the pubescent petiole. 



12 XLVi. ANACARDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) \_BJlUS, 

tt Leaflets quite glabrous beneath, 

11. R. succedanea, Linn. ; glabrous, leaflets 3-6 paii-s oblong- ellip- 
tic- or ovate-lanceolate caudate acuminate, panicle slender, flowers pedicelled, 
pericarp dehiscent. DC. Prodr. ii. 68 j Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 98 ; Wight. Ic. t. 660-^ 
JBrandis For. Fl&r. 121 ; Wall. Cat. 992. E. acuminata, DC. Prodr. ii. 68. 
Spondias ? Wall. Cat. 8479. 

Tempeea^'e Himalaya, from Kashmir, alt. 3-6000 ft. ; to Sikkim, alt. 5-8000 ft. 
and Bhotan ; Khasia Mts., alt. 2-6000 ft.— Distrlb. Japan. 

A tree about 30 feet high, everywhere glabrous, except the panicle in some va- 
rieties. Leaves crowded at the ends of the branches, 6-18 in.; petiole terete, 
slender; leaflets 2-5 by 1^2^ in., petiolulate, elliptic-oblong or oblong- or ovate-lan- 
ceolate, tip very slender ; base rounded or acute, straight or oblique ; nerves numerous, 
slightly arched, slender. Panicles axillary, half the length of the leaves, slender, lax, 
with a very few scattered hairs, or glabrous. Flowers ^th in. diam., yeUow-green ; 
pedicel slender. Sepals broadly ovate, obtuse. Petals much larger, oblong or obtuse. 
Pisk 5-lobed. Drupes ^ in. diam., in drooping panicles, gibbous, compressed, epicarp 
very thin, bursting irregularly ; stone compressed, bony, surrounded with wax. — 
Perhaps two or three species are mixed up here, but I cannot satisfactorily distin- 
guish them without more complete specimens than I possess. 

Var. 1. himalaica; shoots glabrous, leaves scattered, petiole 1-2 ft., leaflets 6-8 
pairs, 4-6 by 1^-2^ in. petiolulate obliquely ovate-lanceolate acuminate very mem- 
branous, midrib often pilose beneath, nerves 10-15 pairs, much arched, panicle pu- 
bescent in flower, fruiting glabrous very lax, drupes pediceUed laterally compressed. 
— N.W. Himalaya, alt. 3-6000 ft., from Kashmir to Nipal. This differs from the 
Japanese plant in the pubescent panicle and fewer more-arched nerves. There are fruits 
of it from Nipal in Wallich's Herbarium on the sheet with var. 3. 

Var. 2. sikJcimensis; shoots pubescent, leaves as in var. 1, flowering panicle lax 
glabrous, fruit unknown. — A large tree of the Sikkim inner valleys, Lachen-Lachoong, 
etc., alt. 5-8000 ft. 

Var. 3. acuminata, PC. Prodr. ii. 68 {sp.) ; leaves usually crowded at the ends 
of the branches, petiole 6-10 in., leaflets 2-5 pairs, 2-5 by 1-^-2 in. elliptic or ellip- 
tic-obovate or -oblong often abruptly caudate-acuminate at length coriaceous, nerves 
25-30 pairs horizontal straight parallel, panicle glabrous in flower, fruiting panicle 
more dense, drupes on very short stout pedicels laterally compressed. — Himalaya 
from Nipal to Bhotan, I^iasia Mts. 

Var. 4. sphcerocarpa ; leaves of var. 3, drupes depressed spheres. — Khasia, 
GrijBith. 

12. R. G-riffithii, Hooh f. ; glabrous, leaflets 4-7 pairs oblong or ovate- 
oblong acuminate, panicle stout pubescent, flowers subsessile, pericarp de- 
hiscent. 

Khasia Mts. alt. 4-6000 ft., Simons, etc. ; Mishmi Hills, Griffith. 

A small tree. Leaves towards the ends of the branches, 1-2 ft. ; petiole stout, 
terete ; leaflets 5-10 by 2|-4^ in., coriaceous, quite entire, rounded or cordate,- rarely 
acute at the base, glabrous anS opaque above, very obscurely puberulous on the midrib 
and principal nerves beneath ; petiolules \ in., very stout ; nerves strong. Panicles 
5-6 in. long, axillary ; peduncle and branches stout, pubescent. Flowers ^ in. diam., 
almost sessile. Sepals broadly ovate, obtuse, pubescent. Petals much larger^ 
linear-oblong, obtuse. Stamens exserted. Pisk broad, sinuate-lobed. Drupes on 
short stout pedicels, about |-| in. diam., nearly orbicular, compressed ; epicarp thin, 
bursting irregularly; stone compressed, surrounded with wax. — A very distinct spe- 
cies, closely allied to R. succedanea, from which it differs in its much larger size, 
stouter habit, larger leaflets often cordate at the base, pubescent stout panicle, 
nearly sessile flower and smaller drupes. 



Pistacia.'\ xlyi. anacaediacej). (J, D. Hooker.) 13 

2. PZSTACXA, Linn. 

Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, exstipulate, pinnate, or 3-foliate. Flowers 
small, apetalous in axillary racemes or panicles, dicEcious. Maue fl. Cali/x 
3-6-fid. Stamens 3-7. Disk small. Rudiment of Ovary minute or 0. Fem. 
FL. bracteate. Sepals 3-4. Stamens and Disk 0. Ovary sessile, 1-celled ; style 
short, 3-fid, stigmas (wLpitate, recurved ; ovule pendulous from a basal funicle. 
Drupe dry; stone bony. Seed with a membranous testa; cotyledons thick, 
oily,_ curved. Distrib. Species about 6, natives of Western Asia and the 
Mediterranean region, and one Mexican. 

Several species of this genus, allied to Mediterranean forms, are found in Affghan- 
istan and Beluchistan, but do not cross the frontier. The seeds of P. vera, L. the 
Pistachio-nut, are imported into N, Western India. 

P. integ-errixna, Steivart in Brandis For. Flor. 122, t. xxii. ; leaflets 
4-6 pairs lanceolate caudate-acuminate. Rhus integerrima, Wall. Cat. 8474. 
R. Kakrasingee, Royle 111. 175. 

North-Westeex Frontier ; Peshwur valley and Salt range. Western Hima- 
laya; alt. 1200 to 8000 ft., from the Indus to Kumaon, usually on hot slopes. 

A nearly glabrous tree, 40 ft. and upwards. Leaves 6-9 in., with or without a 
terminal leaflet ; petiole terete, puberulous ; leaflets sub-opposite, petiolulate, coria- 
ceous, quite entire, base oblique ; nerves many, arched. Panicles lateral ; $ compact, 
pubescent ; $ lax, elongate ; flowers pedicelled, with 2 ovate bracts. Stamens 5-7, fila- 
ments short ; anthers large, dark red. Fem. kl. Sepals 4, linear, and bracts deci- 
duous. Style altnost 3-partite. Drupe i in., broader than long, glabrous, rugose, 
grey. — Wood very hard and handsome, 

3. DXANGIFEXIA, Linn. 

Trees. Leaves alternate, petioled, quite entire, coriaceous. Floivers small, 
polygamous in terminal panicles, pedicel articulate ; bracts (deciduous. Calyx 
4-6 partite ; segments imbricate, deciduous. Petals 4-5, free or adnate to the 
"disk, imbricate ; nerves thickened, sometimes ending in excrescences. Stamens 
1-5, rarely 8, inserted just within the disk, or on it, 1 rarely more perfect and 
much larger than the others, the others with imperfect or smaller anthers, or 
reduced to teeth. Ovary sessile, 1-celled, oblique ; style lateral ; ovule pendu- 
lous, funicle basal, inserted on the side of the cell above its base, rarely hori- 
zontal. Drupe large, fleshy ; stone compressed, fibrous. Seed large, compressed, 
testa papery ; cotyledons plano-convex, often unequal and lobed. Distrib. A 
tropical Asiatic, chiefly Malayan genus, of about 30 species. 

Of the species here described some may be referable to Malayan ones that are 
imperfectly described by Blume and others. The genus is a very difficult one, and 
•the Malayan species want careful re%nsion with many specimens. 

Sect. 1. Disk tumid, usually 6-lobed, broader than the ovary. Petals free 
from the disk, inserted at its base. 

* Petals with 1-5 free or confluent ridges that do not end in wart-like ex- 
crescences. 

t Panicle pubescent or tomentose. 

1. M. indica, Linn. ; leaves oblong or linear-oblong or elliptic or obo- 
vate-lanceolate obtuse acute or acuminate, panicle usually tomentose, petals 5 
with 3 ridges, stamens 1 fertile and 4 reduced to short capitate subulate 
filaments, style sub-terminal. Poxb. Fl. Ind.i.Oil; W. ^ A. Prodr. 170; 



14 XL VI. ANACAEDiACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) [Mangifera. 

Beddome Fl. Sylv. t. 1G2 ; Wcdl Cat. 8487 {excL D. G. ^- I.) - Balz. 8c Gibs. 
Bomb. Flor. 51 ; Bot. Mac/, t. 4510 ; Brandis For. Flor. 125. M. domestical 
Gaertn. Fruct. t. 100.— Bheede Hort. Mai. iv. t. 1, 2. 

Tropical Himalaya; alt. 1-3000 ft. from Kumaon to Bhotan Hills and valley s- 
of Behar, the Khasia Mts., Birma, Oudh, and Western Pexinsut.a from Kan- 
deish southwards. — Distrib. Cultivated as far west as Muscat, in all Eastern tropi- 
cal Asia, and generally in the tropics. 

A large tree, glabrous, except the panicle ; branches widely spreading. Leaves- 
6-16 in., very variable in breadth, crowded at the ends of the branches, acute, acu- 
minate or obtuse, shining, nerved, quite entire, margins often undulate ; petiole 1-4 
in., swollen at the base. Panicles a foot and more, pubescent, rarely glabrate ; bracts 
elliptic, concave. Flowers yellow, odorous, subsessile, rarely pedicelled, J and ? 
on the same panicle. Sepals ovate, oblong, concave. Petals twice as long, ovate, 
ridges 3-5, orange. Bisk fleshy, 5-lobed. Stamen 1, inserted upon the disk, filament 
subulate ; anther purple. Ovary glabrous. Drupe 2-6 in., compressed, yellow. — It 
is often difficult to say whether so common a tree is wild or not in a given locality, 
but there seems to be little doubt but tliat it is indigenous in the localities enume- 
rated above. Amongst the varieties, those with an almost glabrous panicle from the 
Western Peninsida look the most unlike the ordinary cultivated form. One Maisor 
specimen has leaves 10 by 1^ in., much resembling those of M. oblongifolia, Wallich's 
8487 D. is a Sorindeia, a Madagascar plant accidentally intermixed ; 8487 G. is 
Buchanania? acuminata {Wall. Cat. 981), and 8487 I. is, I suspect, M. sylvatica. 

2. BI. caloneura, Kurz in Beng. As. Soc. Joutm. 1873, ii. QQ ; leaves 
oHong or oblong-lanceolate finely reticulated between the nerves aciuninate, 
panicle spreading tomentose, flowers crowded sessile, petals 5 with 3 ridges, 
stamens 1 or 2 fertile, ovary rough, style lateral or "basal. 

Martaban, Kurz. 

A moderate sized tree. Leaves 4-6 by I5— If in., equally reticulated on both sur- 
faces between the 16-20 pairs of arching nerves ; petiole |-1 in., much thickened at 
the base. Panicle tomentose thi'oughout. Flowers much as in M. indica, the re- 
flexed petals having 3 ridges. {Fruit as large ^s a hen's Qgg, subreniform, smooth, 
obtuse, yellow, sweet and acid, Kurz). — My specimens of this are imperfect ; it is 
evidently very nearly indeed allied to M. indica, differing chiefly in the very fine re- 
ticulation of the leaves, as pointed out by Kurz. Wallich's M. indica, 8487 H. from 
Tavoy is possibly the same. 

3. ZME. pentandra, Hook. f. ; leaves oblong or oblong-lanceolate acumi- 
nate reticulated on both surfaces, panicle spreading tomentose, flowers crowded 
subsessile, petals 5 with 3 ridges, stamens 5 perfect, ovary smooth, style sub- 
terminal. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

A tree. Leaves 5-12 by 2-4 in., quite similar to those of M. indica, as are the 
panicles and flowers, except that Maingay describes the disk as more fully and 
fairly developed than in any form he had figured. The 5 stamens are all perfect 
and unequal. The petals are yellowish- white, with yellow brown ridges. Maingay 
figures the style as nearly terminal, and the ovule as quite laterally suspended. — The 
MDalay name is ' Mam ploni,' which means mango ripened artificially. 

4. TH, Griffithii, Hook. f. in Tram. Linn. Soc. xxii. 168, in note: 
leaves small oblong or oblong-obovate obtuse reticulate between the nerves, 
inflorescence of many suberect compound pubescent racemes, petals 4 orbicular- 
oblong not much exceeding the sepals, stamen 1. 

Malacca, Griffith. 

Branches stout. Leaves 3-5 by l|-2 in. ; nerves about 10 pairs ; base narrowed ; 
petiole stout, ^ in. Bacemes (branches of a reduced panicle), not much if at all longer 



Mangifera.'] XLVi. anacaediace;e. (J. D. Hooker.) 15 

than the leaves, stout, finely pubescent. Flowers very small, i in. tliam., pubses.sile. 
Sepals broadly ovate, tomentose. Petals orbicular-ovate, with 2 ^>hort or more con- 
fluent ridges. J)is/c with 5 or 6 subulate points. Stmnens short. 

6. BX. sclerophylla, Hooh. f. ; leaves fjlabrous broadly elliptic with, 
obtuse narrowed tips most thickly coriaceous base acute or rouuded nerves 
obscure, petioles much thickened at the base, panicle pubescent of many erect 
stout spiciform branches, petals not much exceeding the sepals, stamen 1. 

Maxacca, Maingay. 

Branches very thick, woody, glabrous, angled, and channelled. Leaves 4-5 by 
2-2^ in., alternate, not approximate at the ends of the branches, exceedingly tluck 
and hard when dry,smooth on both surfaces; midrib strong; nen^es about 10. faint ; 
reticulations very obsciu-e ; petiole 1 in., of the upper leaves \ in., extremely thickened. 
at the back especially, the thickening sometimes extending up the midrib. Panicle 
4-6 in. long. Flowers sessile, ■— ^°- diam. ; l;racta ovate. Sepals ovate, pubes- 
cent. Petals ovate-oblong, with 3 short ridges. Disk small. Young drupe nearly 
orbicular. — No other Mangifera has foliage at all like this. 

ft Panicle quite glabrous. 

6. IW. sylvatlca, Roxh. Fl. Ind. i.„ 644 ; leaves lanceolate or ol^long- 
lanceolate usually long-petioled, panicle ample glabrous, branches slender,, 
flowers pedicelled, petals 6 with 3 ridges, stamen 1 with no imperfect ones, 
ovary smooth, style lateral. M. indica, Wall. Cat. 8487 1. 

Teopical Nipal and Sikkim Himalaya, J. D. H. ; Silhet, Roxb. ; Khasia 
Mts., H.f. 4' T. ; Andaman Isls., Kurz. 

I am in some doubt about this plant, which is well figured in Eoxlmrgh's 
drawings, but of which I have seen no flowering or fruiting specimen. I believe 
it to be a common tree in the Silhet, Khasia and Sikkim jungles, with usually 
longer more membranous young leaves than the Mango, and a more open lax per- 
fectly glabrous panicle, and loose pedicelled flowers. Koxburgh contrasts it with 
the cultivated sorts as having a much larger panicle, with the numerous ramifica- 
tions more erect and slender, flowers more completely monandroiis, disk villous. 
The leaves he describes as in the common Mango. The drupe he figures as ovoid, 
gradually narrowed at the top into a sharp curved beak. Graham {Cat. Bomb. PL) 
states that is a native of the Bombay Ghats, but no one ha^ confirmed tliis. 
Kurz's specimens, thus named from the Andaman Islands, have leaves 10-12 by 
2i-3| in., membranous, much reticulated, elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, petiole 
very slender §-2 in. ; nerves 16-20 pairs, slender, arched. I have gathered similar 
specimens in Sikkim and Silhet, with petioles 4 in. long, and Wallich's 8487 I. quite 
agrees with these. My Khasia ones, with slender branched panicles (as in Rox- 
burgh's description and figure), but flowers all dropped, have leaves like those of 
M. indica. Kurz {Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 1870, ii. 75), observes that Miquel has 
incorrectly identified this plant with M. indica, from which it is at once distin- 
guished by the very different white flowers, the disk and acuminated fruit. 

7. TIL. long'ipes, ChHW. Notul, iv. 419 ; leaves oblong- or elliptic-lanceo- 
late acuminate faintly reticulate, panicle very lax spreading branches slender, 
flowers pedicelled, petals 5 narrow with one slender basal ridge branching 
into 5 nerves, stamen 1, imperfect ones minute. 

Maiacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

A tree. Leaves 6-10 by 1^3 in., with 14-10 pairs of nerves, reticulation 
obscure above, more distinct beneath; petiole |-1^ in. Panicles usually longer 
than the leaves, branches widely spreading, pedicels \ in. Flowers ^\ in. diam. 
Sepals ovate, subacute. Peials white, with yellow veins, very narrow, recurved. 
Disk broadly conical, papillose, 5-lobed. Sta7nen far exserted, filament elongated. 
Ovary smooth ; style lateral, long, slender ; ovxile obliquely ascending. — This, as 



16 XLVi. ANACARDUCEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) IMangifera, 

Griffith remarks, is very near M. sylvatica, and as far as I can see may be a. form 
of that plant, differing chiefly in the smaller disk and very narrow petals. Griffith 
describes the calyx and pedicels as puberulons, but I find no trace of this. The 
Malay name is ' Boa Pow.' — Griffith. 

8. ZME. zeylanica, Hook. f. ; leaves oblong-obovate oblong or elliptic- 
lanceolate obtuse or rounded at the tip reticulated, panicle glabrous stout 
narrow, sepals orbicular, petals 5 oblong with 6 ridges, stamen 1 with 6-8 
minute subulate filaments, style subterminal. M. indica, Thtuaites JEnum. 75 ; 
Buchanania ? zeylanica, Blume Mus. Bot. i. 186. 

Ceylon; abundant up to an elevation of 3000 ft. 

A tree, everywhere quite glabrous. Leaves small,' 2-3| by 1-1^ in., coriaceous, 
Tisually rounded at the tip, nerves 12-15 pairs, arching ; petiole \-^ in. Panicle 
stout, erect, much longer than the leaves. Flowers ^ in, diam. ; pedicel slender. 
Petals short,, elliptic-oblong, with 5 nerve-like ridges. Disk large. Stamen short. 
•Ovary obscurely pubescent. — Thwaites identifies this specifically with the culti- 
vated M. indica, but it appears to me to differ much in habit and foliage, in the 
contracted panicle, more pedicelled flowers, perfectly glabrous sepals, and short 
petals. 

9. M. gracillpes, Hook. f. ; leaves smaU elliptic-lanceolate acuminate 
obscurely reticulate, petiole very slender, inflorescence of many slender erect 
glabrous compound racemes, pedicels very slender, petals 5 lanceolate with 
3-5 ridges, stamen 1 perfect slender with 4 short subulate filaments, style 
lateral. 

Malacca,* Maingay. 

A large tree, everywhere perfectly glabrous ; branches very slender for the genus. 
Leaves 3-4 by \-\\ in., undulate, much narrowed at both ends, nerves faint, 
arched; petiole remarkably slender, |-1 in., not much thickened at the base. 
Eacemes (branches of a sessile panicle which start in a fascicle from the tips of 
the branches), long, very slender, much exceeding the leaves, and bearing short 
lateral branches throughout their length; pedicels very slender. Flowers about 
^ in. diam. Sepals ovate, obtuse. Petals twice g-s long, pale green with purplish 
ridges. Fila-ment slender, exserted. Bisk rugose. Ovary quite smooth; ovule 
pendulous from a basal funicle. 

10. IMC. oblong'ifolia, Hook, f,; leaves linear-oblong ohtuse or sub- 
acute very coriaceous not reticidated .beneath, petiole long, panicle large 
spreading quite glabraiis, flowers pedicelled, petals 5 elliptic-oblong with a 
basal tubercle and 3-5 more or less confluent ridges, stamen 1 perfect with 4 
shorter antheriferous ones, style subterminal. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay (cult.). 

A very large tree, glabrous throughout ; branchlets stout. Leaves 8-12 by 1|-2| 
in., very coriaceous, with undulate margins, faintly reticulate above, not at all or 
very obsciirely so ben'eath ; base usually rounded ; nerves 20-25 pairs. Panicle very 
large, branches widely spreading, 2-3-chotomously divided. Flowers distant, -^ in. 
diam. ; pedicel rather stout, \-\ in. Sepals veined. Petals rather short, yellow, ridges 
tipped with red. Fruit 4 in. long, ovoid, dull green. — Maingay, from whom this 
description of the fruit is taken, says that this is cultivated at Malacca as the Quenee 
Mango. 

** Petals 4, with 1-5 free or confluent ridges that terminate in wart-like 
excrescences. 

11. XfL. quadrifida, Jack in Roxh. Fl. Ind. ed. Carey, ii. 440 ; leaves 
elliptic-oblong or oblong-lanceolate obtuse narrowed into long petioles reticulate 
beneath inflorescence of many erect stout glabrous compound racemes, petals 4 



Mangifera.'] XLVi. anacardiacej}. (J. D. Hooker.) 17 

short ovate with 3 short confluent ridges, stamen 1, the others reduced to minute 
teeth. Wall. Cat. 8489. 

Penakg, Jack ; Malacca, Maingay. — Distrib. Sumatra. 

A lofty tree, perfectly glabrous throughout ; branchlets very stout. Leaves 4-8 by 
1^2 in., rarely acute, very coriaceous ; nerves 15-20 pairs, reticulation above obso- 
lete ; petiole 1-2. in. Racemes equalling or exceeding the leaves, collected on a short 
peduncle, rachis stout, branchlets 1-6 flowered. Flowers small, I in. diam. ; pedicel 
longer than the petals. Sepals broadly orbicular-ovate. Petals twice as long, pearly- 
white (Maingay) ; the ridges raised at. their ends, /S^'flwrns very short, inserted on 
the disk. Disk tumid, 4-lobed. Style lateral. {Drupe roundish, becoming very 
dark-coloured, Jack). — Maingay in his MSS. describes the petals as 5, and stamens as 
usually 2, but I find the flower to be uniformly 4-merous and monandroiis ; Jack 
however states that a small superfluous fifth petal is sometimes placed within tho 
rest. This is allied in flower and inflorescence to M. Griffithii. 

12. IMC. XlZaing'ayi, Hook. f. ; leaves elliptic-oblong acute or acuminate 
not reticulate on either surface or obscurely so beneath only, panicle glabrous 
spreading, flowers pedicelled, petals 4 oblong with 3-5 confluent ridges, stamen 
1 perfect, the others reduced to teeth. 

Maiacca, Maingay, 

A tree, everywhere quite glabrous. Leaves 4-9 by 1|-3| in., coriaceous, nerves 
15-20 pairs, not strong, arched; petiole 1-2 in. Panwle equalling or exceeding the 
leaves, branches pale green (when dry), rather slender. Flowers \ in. diam., pedicel 
slender. Sepals ovate, ^obtuse. Petals about twice as long. Stamen short. Style 
subulate, subterminal. — There appear to be two varieties of this in Maingay's Her- 
barium ; one (called Sapoong or Sampong), with larger leaves not narrowed into the 
petiole, opaque above, with sunk nerves, tumid between the nerves ; the other 
(marked as truly wild) with brown (when dry) more shining leaves, narrowed into 
the petiole, more reticulated beneath, and the nerves not sunk ; its leaves are like 
those of M. indica, from which its glabrous pedicelled flowers and warted petals at once 
distinguish it ; both differ from M. quadrifida in the inflorescence. The first variety 
has, according to Maingay, globose green fruit 3-4 by 2^-3 in. 

13. Ztl. microphylla, Gtnff. MSS. ; leaves small elliptic acuminate 
reticulate beneath, panicle stout contracted puberidous, flowers very shortly 
pedicelled, sepals broadly ovate, petals 4 oblong with 3 ridges, stamen 1 with- 
out rudiments of others. 

Malacca, Griffith ; in orchards. 

A small tree ( Griffith). Leaves 1^-4 by f-1 J in., shining above ; nerves 8-1 0-pairs ; 
petiole slender, \-^ in. Panicle short, stout, rather irregular, sometimes reduced to 
erect compound racemes, by the abbreviation of tho peduncle and the branches being 
erect. Flowers about i in. diam., on short stout pedicels. Sepals pubescent. Petah 
about twice as long, the ridges distinct. Filament slender. Style lateral. Fruit ovi- 
form, green, very turpentiny, Griffith. — Griffith has what appears to be a small state 
of this, with small very shining leaves, quite polished on the upper surface. 

Sect. 2. I}isk narrow, often reduced to the form of a stalk to the ovary, 
larely obsolete in the <? fl. 

* Tetah free from the disk. 

14. BZ. odorata, Ch'iff. Notvl. iv. 417 ; leaves elliptic-lanceolate or oblong 
acute or acuminate-reticulate, panicle very stout with ascending stout branches 
glabrous, petals 6 linear-oblong reflexed from the middle with a thick branching 
ridge. M. foetida, var. h. Miquel in Herb. Hook. 

Malacca, (rrt^^^.— Distrib. Java (Zollinger, 430). 



18 XLVi. ANACARDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) [Mangifera. 

A tree, everywhere quite glabrous, or very obscurely pubescent on the panicle. 
Leaves 6-12 by 2-4 in., very coriaceous, reticulate on both surfaces ; nerves about 20- 
pairs, very strong ; petiole stout, l^lf in., much thickened from below the middle to 
the base. Panicle with stout green branches that turn black when dry. Flowers ^ in. 
diam., odorous, flesh-coloured. >Sepfl^s ' ovate-oblong. Petals three times as long, 
reflexed, greenish, suflPused with blood -red. Perfect stamens sometimes 2 (Griffith), 
the imperfect ones slender, subulate, capitate. Ovary glabrous. {Drupe oblong, 
stinking, yellow-green, with yellow spots, filled with a sticky gum ; flesh yellow, fibrous, 
sweet, not turpentiny ; stone comprossed, fibrous ; cotyledons rugose, equal at the 
base, one overlapping at the top. Griffith.) — Malay name "Koeene"or " Kohini," 
according to Griffith, which is the name Maingay gives to M. ohlongifolia (a totally 
diflerent plant). This much resembles M. Parih, Miq., of Java, which has a more 
eflFiise panicle with long tertiary branchlets and very long pedicels. 

15. M. lag-enifera, Griff. Notul. iv. 414, t. 667, f. 3 ; leaves' small 
obovate-oblong or -spathiilate obtuse or rounded at the tip, panicle large spread- 
ing pubescent, petals 5 linear-oblong obscurely thickened in the middle, stamens 
5 perfect. 

Malacca, Griffith, Cumming (2330), Maingay. 

Avery lofty tree {Griffith); branchlets stout, with pale bark. Leaves 3-6 by 
1— If in., very thickly coriaceous, gradually narrowed into a very stout petiole f-l?- 
in., not reticulate on either surface ; nerves about 20 pairs, very faint, spreading and 
parallel. Panicle on a long and stout peduncle, much exceeding the leaves. Flowers 
^ in. diam. ; pedicels very short. Sepals many, orbicular, tomentose. Petals three 
times as long, concave, purple, erect till a late period. Dish a slender stipes. Fila- 
ments very slender (purple, alternating with short horns, Maingay). Ovary glabrous ; 
style capillary, lateral. {Drupe pyriform, 4|- by 2| in., pale green, with a pink blush, 
flesh livid or purplish flesh-colour ; stone fibro-coriaceous, adherent to the membranous 
testa ; radicle basal, very large. Maingay.) — Called Lanjoot by the Malays, according 
to Maingay and Grriffith. The latter describes the drupe as smooth, glaucescent, 
fleshy, fetid, exuding a black varnish, traversed by innumerable fibres ; stone ovate- 
lanceolate, fibro-coriaceous. Seed erect, adhering to the black tegument on the one 
side, on the other smooth ; cotyledons with one half the surface smooth, the other 
wrinkled. Maingay describes the disk as hemispherical, but I do not find it so. 

16. I^. fragrans, Maingay MSS. ; leaves very narrowly linear-oblong- or 
lanceolate acute aciuninate or rounded at the tip, panicle spreading quite gla- 
brous, petals narrovvT linear, stamens 5, one much longer than the others whose 
anthers are imperfect. 

Maxacca, Maingay. 

A tree, everywhere quite glabrous. Leaves much longer and narrower than in any 
other species, 6-10 by 1^-1|- in., coriaceous, reticulated on both stu-faces, margins 
waved, base acute abruptly contracted into a very slender petiole 1-2 in. ; 
nerves 25-35 pairs, slender, almost horizontal. Panicle longer than the leaves, 
peduncle long and branches thick, black when dry. Flowers erect, almost ^ in. long ; 
pedicel turbinate. Sepals unequal, ovate-lanceolate. Petals very narrow, erect, 
reflexed sharply from the middle, 1-nerved (Maingay), 3-nerved in a young state. 
Disk a slender pedicel. Filaments very slender, shorter than the capillary style, 
which is lateral. {Drupe obliquely broadly oblong-globose ; flesh yellow, acid and 
terebinthine ; stone thin, fibrous ; testa coriaceous, Maingay.) — This in foliage 
approaches very closely Blume's M. macrocarpa of Java, which has still narrower 
leaves with crimped edges, 40 pairs of nerves, and a bitter-sweet fruit as large as a 
child's head. 

** Petals adnate to or insei'ted on the disk. 

17. »1. foetida, Lour. Fl. Coch. 160 ; leaves large elliptic-oblong or 
-obovate obtuse or acute not reticulate, nerves strong, panicle very stout glabrous 



Mangifera.~\ xlyi. AXACARDiACEiE, (J. D. Hooker.) 19 

spreading, flowers subsessile, petals 5 linear-lanceolate S-ridged inserted on the 
disk, stamens 5 one perfect the rest shorter imperfect. lioxb. Fl. Ind. ed. 
Carey, ii. 440 ; Wall. Cat. 8488 ; Ch'iff. Notul. iv. 419. M. Horsfieldii «fe M. 
foetida, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. pt. 2. m±—Rumph. Amh. i. 98. t. 28. 

Malacca, Penang, and Sincapoee, Jack, &c. — Distrib. Throughout the Malay 
Archipelago. 

A large tree; branchlets very stout. Leaves very large, 10-12 by 3-4 in., very 
coriaceous, pale when dry ; surface raised above between the stout nerves, of which 
there are about 20 pairs ; base acute ; petiole stout, 1-2^ in. Panicle large, stout, 
with very spreading branches, and these again with short tertiary C3nnose branchlets 
(deep bloood-red, Maingay), black when dry. Flowers ^ in, diam., pink or dark red. 
Sepals ovate, obtuse. Petals reflexed from the middle, inserted on the pedicel-like 
disk aboA'e its base, but not decurrent on the disk. Ovary glabrous ; style slender, 
lateral. (Drupe variable in form, not compressed, oblique, green, smooth, very fetid ; 
•flesh yellow, thick; stone almost 2-edged, chartaceous, fibrous ; cotyledons equal, 
auricled at the base ; radicle short. Griffith.) — Maingay describes the fruit as 
coarse-flavoured, and not unlike Lanjoot (M. lagenifera), stringy. Malay name 
Bachang or Bachong. Eumph and Loureiro describe the drupe as hairy, but no one 
€lse does so ; possibly the fibres of the stone are alluded to by these authors. 

18. m. caesia, Jaek in Roxh. Fl. Ind. ed. Carey, ii. 441 ; leaves cuneate- 
obovate or -oblong or -elliptic with very short thick petjoles, panicle branched 
tomentose very stout, petals 5 erect adnate to the disk long narrow with one 
central ridge, stamen 1. Griff. Notul. iv. 415. M. foetida, Blume (according 
to Miquel in IIe?-b.). 

Malacca, Maingay (cult.). — Distrib. Sumatra, Java. 

A large stately magnificent tree {Griffith); branchlets very stout. Leaves 6-16 
by 2^-3^ in., very thickly coriaceous, smooth, rather shining, obscurely reticulated 
beneath, decurrent on the petiole, which is ^-1 in. ; nerves about 20-30 pairs, slightly 
arched. Panicle very stout and much branched (of a glaucous reddish colour. Jack). 
Flowers in dense heads on the tertiary branchlets. ^ in. long ; bracts broad ; pedicel 
very thick, short. Sepals short, broadly ovate, pubescent. Petals erect, adnate by the 
ridge to the disk, linear, concave, purple. Ifisk slightly lobed, Imperfect stamens 
reduced to mere teeth; filament of perfect one slender. Style lateral, slender. 
{Drupe oblong-obovate, reddish-white. Jack.) — G-rifl&th says that the corolla is more 
connate with the disk in the female, and that the panicle is cream-coloured and petals 
white outside and lilac inside, and that the larger cotyledon alone is auricled. — 
Malay name Bcenjai or Binjaee. 

19. Tit, superba, Hook. f. ; leaves very large subsessile cuneate-oblan- 
ceolate not reticulate, panicle spreading pubescent, flowers subcapitate very 
large, petals 5 lanceolate acuminate adnate to the disk with a flat central ridge, 
stamens 5, 1 perfect. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

A gigantic tree {Maingay) ; branchlets as thick as the thumb. Leaves 10-16 by 
3-5 in., very thickly coriaceous and hard, obtuse, narrowed below into the short very 
thick petiole, not reticulate ; nerves about 35 pairs, spreading, not sharply defined 
but prominent, midrib very stout beneath. Panicle hoary-p\iliescent, ]:trobably 2 ft. 
long, peduncle very thick ; primary branches strict, ascending, branched at the tips 
and there bearing lieads of flowers two inches across ; bracts large, concave. Flowers 
I in. diam., lilac. Sepals hoary, \ in. long, ovate- lanceolate. Petals adnate to the 
torus by the central ridge, concave, recurved. Filaments all slender, one antheri- 
ferous. Ovary oblique ; style slender, subterminal ; ovule laterally attached, hori- 
zontal. — This is a grand species, allied to M. ccssia, but far larger in all its parts than 
any other of the genus. It is curious that no one Imt Maingay should have met with 
80 conspicuous a tree. Large sheathing stipule-liko scales occur amongst the leaves, 
whose nature I cannot ascertain. 



20 XLVI. ANACAEDlACEa!. (J. D. Hooker.) IMangifera, 

20. XIK. pollcarpa, Grif. Notul. iv. 416 (polycarpa), t. 167, f. 2 (csesia) ; 
leaves large Sfessile oblanceolate obtusely acuminate faintly reticulated undulate. 

Maiacca, Griffith. 

A lai^e tree, like M. fxtida ; branches stout. Leaves nearly 1 foot long, very 
coriaceous, nerves 20-30 pairs, arched ; petiole \ in., -winged, flattened. Flowers 
unknown. Drupe oblong, base rather broader, brown, dusty all over, of a strong- 
Dorian or Mango taste ; flesh and juice copious acid and pleasant ; stone lanceolate, 
compressed, coriaceo-fibrous ; embryo obclavate. — Griffith, from whom most of the 
above description is taken, says that this is the ' Camang,' and that he proposes for it 
the name oi Mangifera "ipolicarpa (misprinted folycarpa, at p. 416 of the Notulse), 
in allusion to the russet-coloured fruit, which is unique in the genus. Judging from 
the foliage, this is probably allied to M. ccRsia. 



DOUBTFUL SPECIES, 

Mangifeea. Pegu, Kur^ n. 2021 ; leaves very like those of M. fragrans in 
shape and size and with equally slender petioles ; but the nerves are far less nume- 
rous, about 20 pair, arched, very slender, and the under-surface is far less finely 
reticulate, pale brown and quite opaque. 

Mangifeea. Pegu, Kurz n. 2020 ; leaves 14-18 by 3^-4 in.,, narrowly 
elliptic-lanceolate acuminate membranous glaucous beneath, finely but not closely 
reticulate, nerves about 30 pair slender well defined slightly arched, petiole 2-4 in. 
very slender. — I give this as a Mangifera on Kurz's authority. 

""3. ANACAXIDXUBX, Eottb. 

Shrubs or trees. Leaves alternate, petioled, simple, quite entire. Panicles 
terminal, bracteate. Flowers small, polygamous. Calyx 5-partite, segments 
erect, imbricate, deciduous. Petals 6, linear-lanceolate, recurved, imbricate. 
Disk filling the base of the calyx, erect. Stamens 8-10, all or some fertile ; 
filaments connate and adnate to the disk. Ovary obovoid or obcordate ; style 
filiform, excentric, stigma minute; ovule 1, ascending from a lateral funicle. 
Nut kidney-shaped, seated on a large pyriform fleshy body formed of the 
enlarged disk and top of the peduncle ; pericarp cellular and full of oil. Seed 
kidney-shaped, ascending, testa membranous, adherent ; cotyledons semi-lunar ; 
radicle short, hooked. — Distrib. A smaU tropical American genus, of which 
one species is naturalised in Asia. 

A. occidentale, Linn.; DC. Prodr. ii. 62; leaves obovate or oboyate- 
oblong glabrous obtuse retuse or rounded at the tip, base rounded or cuneate. 
Roxh. Fl. Ind. ii. 312; Wall. Cat. 990; Wight, fy Am. Prodr. i. 168; Grah. 
Cat. Bomb. PI. 40; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Flor. Suppl. 18; Griff. Notul. iv. 
408, t. 565, f. 3 e.f. ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 16S.—Bheede Hort. Mai. iii. t. 54. 

Hotter parts of Iin)iA, especially near the sea. Naturalised from America. 
Ceylon. 

A small tree ; trunk short, thick, crooked. Leaves 4-8 by 3-5 in., hard ; nerves 
about 10 pair, nearly horizontal; petiole |-| in. Panicles 6-10 in., pubescent; 
branches long naked to the tips where the flowers are collected ; bracts lanceolate, 
gibbous, hoary. Flowers' \ in, diam., yellow with pink stripes. Starnens usually 9, 
aU fertile, one larger than the rest. Fruit 1 in., dn a pyriform fleshy receptacle 
2-3 inches long. — The Cashew- nut. 

4. B017EA, Meissn. 

Trees. Leaves opposite, petioled, coriaceous, glabrous, quite entire. Floiocn 
small, in axiUary and terminal panicles, polygamous. Sepals 3-5, deciduous. 



J3ouea.'] xlvi. ANACAEDUCEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) 21 

Talvate. Petals 3-5, imbricate. Disk very small. Stamens 3-5, inserted 
within the disk, all fertile. Ovary sessile; style short, terminal, stigma 
obscm-ely unequally 3-lobed', ovule ascending from the wall -of tlie cavity. 
Drupe tieshy ; stone thin, fibrous, 1-ceUed, 1-seeded. Seed suberect ; coty- 
ledons fleshy; radicle very short, inferior. — Disteib. Species 5, natives of 
Tropical Asia and the Malay Archipelago. 

1. B. burmanica, Griff. Plant. Cantor 14 ; leaves 6-7 in. elliptic- 
lanceolate obtusely acuminate, nerves 12-15 pairs, panicles obscurely pubenilous 
lax-flowered, flowers ^5-merous. B. oppositifolia, Meissn. in Walp. Rep. i. 
566. B. Brandisiana, Kurz in Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 1871, ii. 50; 1873, ii. 66. 
Mangifera oppositifolia, Roxb. Fl. Ind. i. 640 ; Hort. Bengh. 18 ; Wall. Cat. 
8490. Cambessedea, Wt. 8f A. Prodr. i. 170. 

Pegu, Tenasserim and the Andaman Islands. — Distrib. Java. 

Leaves very coriaceous, pale ; nerves above sunk, very slender, beneath raised with 
a slender incised line along the ridge. Faiiicles much shorter than the leaves, 
slender, spreading, lax, few-flowered. Flowers about \ in. diam., yellow, pedicelled, 
quite glabrous. Sepals rounded. Petals oblong, keeled on the face. Stament 
usually 4. Ovary obliquely ovoid. Drupe 1-2 in., broadly ovoid, compressed, 
yeUow, eatable. — ' Mariam ' or ' Mai-een ' of the Burmese. Kurz states that the 
stamens are usually 8, perhaps a misprint for 3. 

2. B. microphylla, Griff. Plant. Cant(rr 15 ; NotvZ. iv. 423 ; leaves 
2^-3^ in. elliptic-lanceolate obtuse or obtusely acuminate, panicles dense- 
flowered obscurely puberulous, flowers 4-merous. B. diversifolia, Miq. Fl. Ind. 
Bat. Suppl. i. 522. ?B. myrsinoides, Blume Mus. Bat. t. i. 204; Miqud 
1. c. i. pt. 2, 636. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. — Distrib. Sumatra. 

Very similar to B. burmanica, but much smaller in all its parts and usually 
triandrous. — ' Roomaniya Paigo ' of the Burmese. 

3. B. macrophylla, Chiff. Plant. Cantor 16 ; Notul. iv. 420, t. 567, 
f. 4 ; leaves 6-10 in. oblong-lanceolate obtuse or obtusely acuminate, panicle 
much branched dense-flowered very pubescent, flowers usually 3-merous. ? B. 
gandaria, Blume Mus. Bot. i. 204, in note ; Miquel Fl. Ind. Bat. i. pt. 2, 636. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. — Distrib. Java, Borneo. 

A much larger plant than B. oppositifolia, with more oblong glossy leaves, the 
nerves 12-20 pairs sunk on the upper surface, raised on the lower but not grooved on 
the ridge. Panicle 2-3 in. long ; branches stout, spreading horizontally and bearing 
densely crowded cymes of flowers about ^ in. diam. Sepals 3 in t\iQ Q {Griffith). 
Stamens 3-5. Drupe ovoid oblong, a little oblique, as large as a hen's egg ; pulp 
yellowish, acid, not terebinthine ; stone leathery, fibrous, adherent to the testa. 
Cotyledons lilac, equal, reticulate, rugose {Griffith). 'Roomaniya Baitool' of the 
Malays. 

5. G-ZiXJTA, Linn. 

Trees with caustic juice. Leaves crowded at the ends of the branchleto, 
short-petioled, simple, oblong, coriaceous. Panicles axillary and terminal. 
Floiuers small, hermaphrodite. Calyx spathaceous, bursting irregularlv, 
caducous. Petals 4-6, adnate to the disk, imbricate. Disk elongate, rarely 
short. Stamens 4-6, inserted on the disk, filaments capillary. Ovan/ sessile 
on the disk or stipitate, oblique, 1-celled ; style lateral, filiform, stigma simple ; 
ovule 1, pendulous from a basal funicle. Berry stalked, dry, deformed, 
tubercled or ridged. Seed with the testa adherent to the pericarp and full of 
"black juice ; cotyledons large, connate, fleshy ; radicle short, obtuse, incurved. — 
Distrib. About 8 species, all Malayan. 



22 XLvi. ANACAEDiACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) [Gluta, 

1. G. eleg-ans, Wall, in Roxh. FL Ind. ed. Carey, ii. 315 ; Cat. 1003 
(Syndesmis) ; leaves elliptic-lanceolate acuminate not reticulate" above, 
petiole and nerves slender, panicles lax and flowers perfectly glabrous. Inde- 
terminata, Wall Cat. 9049. 

Penajig, Forter, Maingay. 

A small tree, perfectly glabrous throughout; much branched; trunk stout. 
Leaves 3-5 in., tapering at both ends, shining, reticulate beneath; nerv^es 8-12 pairs, 
arched; petiole \-\\\u. Panicles much shorter than the leaves, slender. Flowers 
I in. long, subcorymbose. Calyx tubular, membranous, 'scarlet, split, mouth 2- toothed. 
Petals linear-lanceolate. Disk elongate. Stamens 4-5, as long as the petals. Drupe 
f in. long, when dry, gibbous-oblong, smooth, style-scar nearer the base than top. 
— A most beautiful and fragrant tree. 

Vab. Helferi; leaves liueai'-oblong obtuse, nerves more oblique. Tenasserim or 
Andaman Islands, Heifer. — Probably a different species. 

2. G-. tavoyana, Wall. Cat. 1004 (Syndesmis) ; leaves oblong-lanceo- 
late obtuse acute or acuminate reticulate on both surfaces, petiole short, 
panicles long-pediincled puberulous. Syndesmis sp., Griff. Notul. iv. 410. 

Tenassebim, at Tavoy, Gomez ; Mergui, Griffith. 

A small tree with white branches. Leaves 4-12 by li-3 in., very coriaceous, brown, 
rather waved; nerves 15-20 pairs, arched; petiole usually ^ in., stout. Panicles 
slender ; peduncle 1-3 in. ; flowers loosely corymbose, like those of G. elegans, but 
smaller, about \ in. long ; pedicel stouter ; calyx (scarlet) shorter, puberulous, not 
toothed. Petals linear-spathulate, white. 

3. G*. coarctata, Grif[. Notul. iv. 409, t. 667, f. 1 (Syndesmis) ; leaves 
recurved conduplicate short-petioled linear- or obovate-oblong obtuse or sub- 
acute reticulate on both surfaces, margins waved, panicles pubescent, flowers 
large. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

A small tree. Leaves 5-10 by 2-3 in., coriaceous, bright brown when dry; nerves 
16-22 pairs, very slender; petiole |-i in. Panicles much branched, 3-5 in. ; flowers 
crowded at the tops of the branches, | in. diam. Calyx short, almost campanulate, 
split and lobed, very pubescent. Petals 5, obovate-lanceolate tipped with red. 
Stamens 5. Drupe subglobose, with an irregular raised ridge round the base, others 
down the sides ; rind dry, papillose, coriaceous ; flesh white, fibrous and spongy ; stone 
coriaceous, adnate to the testa. Seed erect ; embryo very large, cotyledons sub- 
hemispheric unequal fleshy, opposite faces pink, radicle short. — The description 
of the fruit is taken from Griffith's Notulse and figtu-e. The recurved subsessile 
leaves and large flowers at once distinguish the species. 

4. G. travancorlca, Bedd. Flor. Sylv. i. t. 60; leaves subsessil© 
small obovate-oblong rounded at the tip, panicles spreading tomentose, calyx 
cupular. 

Western Peninsula ; Ghats of Tinnevelly and Travancor, Leddome. 

A very tall timber tree. Leaves 4-6 by l^-lf in., coriaceous, reticulate on both 
surfEWjes but especially beneath ; petiole very short, dilated. Panicles crowded, 
terminal and in the upper axils, subcorymbose, shorter than the leaves ; bracts ovate, . 
boat-shaped. Calyx truncate at the base, very short, coriaceous, irregularly toothed 
or lobed, split on one side, less deciduous than in the other species. Petals 5^ 
elliptic-obovate, obtuse, downy on both siu*faces. Disk very short. Stamens 5, 
filaments subulate. Drupe 1 in. diam., depressed-globose, stipitate. 

6. BUCKAMANZA, Koxb. 

Trees. Leaves alternate, petioled, simple, quite entire. Panicles terminal 
and axillary, crowded. Flowers small, white, hermaphrodite. Calyx short, 



Buchanania.'] xlvi, anacardiace2e. (J. D. Hooker.) 23 

3-5-tootlied or -lobed, persistent, imbricate. Petals 4-5, oDlonjr, recurved, 
imbricate. Disk orbicular, 5-lobed. Stamens 8-10, free, inserted at the base 
of the disk. Carpels 5-6, free, seated in the cavity of the disk, one fertile, the 
rest imperfect; style short, stig^ma truncate; ovule 1, pendulous from a basal 
funicle. Drupe small, flesh scanty ; stone crustaceous or bony, 2-valved. Seed 
gibbous, acute at one end; cotyledons thick; radicle superior. — Distrib. A 
tropical Asiatic, Australian and Pacific Island genus ; species about 20. 

1. B. latifolia, Roxh. Fl. Ind. ii. 385; leaves usually broadly 
oblong rounded at the tip closely reticulate on both surfaces villous 
pubescent or glabrate beneath, panicle v^^ooUy or velvetv, flowers crowded. 
Wt. 8f Am. Prodr. i. 169 ; Wall. Cat. 983 ; Bedd. Fl. Si/l. 1. 165 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. 
Bomb. Fl. 52 ; Grah. Cat. Bomb. PI. 41 ; Brandts For. Flor. 127. Spondias 
eUiptica, Rottl. 

Hot, drier parts of India, from Kumaon ascending to 1500 ft., and Oudh, 
through Central India and to the Western Peninsula, Birma and Tenasserim. 

A tree 40-50 ft., subdeciduous ; branchlets as thick as the finger. Leaves 6-\(^ 
in., very coriaceous or hard, nerves 15-20 pairs, stout, nearly straight ; petiole i-| in., 
stout, pubescent. Panicles terminal and axillary, shorter than the leaves, pyramidal, 
branches stout ; bracts small, caducous. Flowers | in. diam., sessile, greenish -white. 
Calyx 5-toothed. Petals oblong. Disk fleshy. Sta77iens 10, spreading, as long as the 
petals. Ovaries one perfect, conical, pubescent, 4 others reduced to filaments. Drupe 
\ in., subglobose, slightly compressed, black ; stone hard, 2-valved. — There is a 
specimen marked from Malacca in Grifiith's Herbarium. 

2. B. ang-ustifolia, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 386; Coi\ PI. iii. t. 262; leaves 
linear-oblong or elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate obtuse or rounded at the tip 
base not narrowed into the petiole glabrous on both surfaces, nerves very 
slender, panicles quite glabr.ous, flowers sessile. Wall. Cat. 982 ; W. (^ A. 
Prodr. 169 ; Grah. Cat. Bomb. PI. 41 ; Wight Ic. t. 101. Spondia.s simplici- 
folia, Rottl. Mangifera axillaris, Lamk. 

"Western Peninsula ; the Concan, from the Adjunta Jungles, Graham, south- 
wards. Ceylon, in the northern parts of the island. 

A tree, perfectly glabrous throughout, branchlets stout. Leaves 4-6 by l|-2 in., 
thinly coriaceous, shining above, delicately reticulate beneath, rounded or acute 
at the base; nerves 12-15 pairs, very slender; petiole f-l^ in., slender. Panicles 
axillary and terminal, about as long as the leaves, peduncle and branches slender, 
spreading. Flowers in small clusters \-\ in. diam., quite glabrous, nearly sessile. 
Drupe I in. diam., obliquely spherical. — The Malayan and Australian forms referred 
to this appear to me to differ much in the leaf-base, narrowed into the shorter stouter 
peduncle, and other points. 

3. B. g'labra, Wall. Cat. 984 ; leaves broadly elliptic or oblong or almost 
orbicular obtuse or rounded at the tip quite glabrous, base rounded, nerves 
strong, panicle spreading puberulous, flowers sessile. 

Tenasserim ; at Moulmein, Wallich. 

A tree. Leaves 4-6 by 2-3 in., usually quite elliptic and rounded at both ends, 
sometimes more acute at the base, very coriaceous, upper surface raised between the 
nerves, faintly reticulate, lower strongly reticulate shining; nerves 12-15 pairs; 
petiole always short, \ in. Panicle shorter than the leaves, rusty puberulous, glabrate 
in fruit; branches spreading, rather stout. Flowers ^ in. diam., ratlier crowded, very 
shortly pedicelled. Fruit unripe, glabrous. — Wallich's are the only specimens of this 
that I have seen ; it is nearest B. augustifolia, but differs materially in the broad 
almost rounded leaves, very short petiole, and puberulous panicle. 

4. B. lucida, Blume Mus. Bot. i. 184 ; quite glabrous throughout, leaves 



24 XLYT. ANACAEDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) [^Btichanania. 

otovate or obovate-oblong, tip rounded or obtuse reticulate on both surfaces 
narrowed into tbe petiole, panicles lax spreading, branches slender, flowers 
not crowded pedicelled. Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. pt. 2, 636. B. palembanica, 
Blume f Turcz. in Bull. Mosc. 1858, pt. i. 473. Hypericinea angustata, Wall. 
Cat. 4830. B. subobovata, Grif. Notul. iv. 413. 

Eastebn Peninstjia; from Tenasserim to Malacca, and Penang. — Disteib. 
Sumatra, Borneo, Australia? 

A tree, quite glabrous throughout. Leaves 4r-7 by l|-2 in., coriaceous, very 
brown when dry and rather shining ; nerves 12-15 pairs slender, arched ; petiole 
1-lJ in., gradually dilated upwards. Panicles usually longer than the leaves, very 
many-flowered. Flowers | in. diam. (4-5-merous, white, disagreeably-scented, 
Griffith). Sepals orbicular. Petals elliptic, obtuse. Filaments subulate, white. Drupe 
I in. diam., orbicidar, compressed with a sharp edge. — Bliune's B. arborescens, and 
perhaps B. longifolia, are hardly distinct from this, as is Miquel's petiolaris and 
bancana. I should refer hither also the glabrous panicled Australian plant placed 
under angustifolia, Eoxb., in the Flora Australiensis. 

Var. interTnedia, leaves obovate-spathulate membrangus. B. intermedia, TFi^A^ 
Ic. t. 81. — Naggarie hills, Madras. 

6. B. acuminata, Turcz. in Bull. Mosc. 1868, i. 472 ; glabrous 
throughout, leaves long- or short-petioled obovate or oblanceolate abruptly 
acuminate, panicles spreading exceeding the leaves long-peduncled veiy slender 
lax-flowered, flowers pedicelled. B. sessilifolia, Blume Mus. Bot. i. 184. 
Hypericinea lucida, Wall. Cat. 4827. Terebinthacea, Wall. Cat. 8505. 

Texasseeim ; at Moulmein, Lohb ; Penang, Forter ; Malacca, Griffith, Maingay, 
Disteib. Sumatra. 

A small tree. Leaves 4-7 by 2-2^ m,, thinly coriaceous, tips very acute, base 
much narrowed, reticulate on both surfaces, quite sessile in Penang specimens, with 
slender petioles sometimes 1| in. in Malacca and Tenasserim ones, bright brown 
when dry ; nerves about 1 5 pairs, slender. Panicles chiefly axillary, branches divari- 
cating. Flowers -j^ in. diam. Sepals small, orbicular. Petals oblong. Filaments 
compressed. Lntpe as in B. lucida. — I think there is no doubt of Blume's B. sessili- 
folia being a sessile-leaved form of this, which is far more frequently a petioled plant, 
and therefore better fitted to TurczaninofiTs name than to Blume's, though against the 
laws of priority. 

6. B. lanceolata, Wt. Ic. t. 237 ; III. i. 185 ; leaves elliptic-lanceolate 
obtusely acuminate, petiole stout, panicles short pubescent, flowers crowded 
Bubsessile. Buchanania ? acuminata, Wall. Cat. 981. 

"Westeen Peninstjia ; near QuUon, Wight. 

A tree. Leaves 4-5 by l|-lf in., reticulate and shining on both surfaces, margin 
waved, base acute but not contracted into the petiole; nerves 16-20 pairs, slender 
arched ; petiole |-f in., stout. Panicles shorter than the leaves, numerous, stout, 
axillary and terminal. Flowers | in. diam., crowded on the short stout lateral 
branches. Sepals rounded. Petals broadly oblong. Filaments subulate. Fruit 
unknown. — Wallich's B.? acuminata, from Tavoy (Cat. 981), is very similar to this; 
it has fruit only, and the nervation is a little different. 

DOITBTFIIL species. 

B, LAKCiFOLiA, Boxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 386; 'a large tree, leaves lanceolate obtuse 
pointed lucid entire, panicles terminal.'^-Chittagong. 

B. ? ACUMINATA, Wall. Cat. 981. See at end of 6. lanceolata. Tavoy, Gomez, in 
fruit only. 

B. LAxiFLOEA, Kurz in Joum. As. Soc. Beng. 1872, pt. 2, 304 ; ' leaves 6-7 in. 
ovate-oblong coriaceous finely tomentose glabrescent above, petiole ^ in. stout, panicle 
terminal lax diffuse much branched hoary or yellowish pubescent, flowers minute. 



Melanorrhoea.^ xlyi. anacaediace^. (J. D. Hooker.) 25 

pedicels short slender, bracts minute subulate, calyx hoary, lobes ^ in. long oblong 
acute, petals ^ in. obovate-oblong, filaments subpuberulous, ovary glabrous.' — 
Martaban, Kurz. 

7. BZSZ.ANORRKCEA, Wall 

Trees with a varnish juice. Leaves alternate, simple, quite entire, coriaceous. 
Panicles axillary. Flowers rathei large, hermaphrodite. Sepals 5, cohering 
into a pointed can, deciduous. Petals 6-8, linear-oblong, imbricate, much 
enlarged in fruit. Disk hemispheric or coliunnar. Stamens 5 or very numerous, 
inserted all - over the disk ; filaments capillary. Ovary stalked, lenticular, 
oblique, l-celled ; style sublateral, stigma simple ; ovule 1, pendulous from a 
basal funicle. Fruit dry, subsessile on a long pedicel rising from the 
stellately spreading persistent petals, globose coriaceous. Seed subglobose or 
oblong; testa papery; cotyledons thick, plano-convex; radicle ascending. — 
The following are the only species. 

* Stamens many. Fj-uit pedicelled. 

1. BI. usitata, Wall. PL As. Bar. i. 9. t. 11, 12: Cat. 597; leaves 
obovate or elliptic obtuse softly tomentose on both surfaces. 

MuNNiPOEE, BiEMA aud Tenasseeim, Wallich, &c. 

A large deciduous tree; branchlets very stout, velvety. Leaves 6-14 by 
4-6 in. ; base cuneate ; nerves 28-30 pairs, stout, straight ; petiole flattened, winged, 
|-1 in. Panicles 1 ft. long, peduncled, tomentose. Flowers lax \ in. diam. ; pedicels 
slender. Calyx calyptriform, beaked, pubescent. Petals 5-6, eventually 2-4 in, long, 
linear-oblong, obtuse, coriaceous, reticulated, gland-dotted, pubescent. Stamens 
20-30. Drupe the size of a cherry, red, glaucous ; pedicel I in. — The varnish tree. 

2. BI. glabra, Wall. Plant. As. Par. iii. t. 283; Cat. 1005; leaves 
obovate-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate obtuse quite glabrous, nerves 16-20-pairs. 
Melanorrhoea, Grif. Notul. iv. 409. 

Tenasserim, at Tavoy, Gomez ; Mergui, Griffith. 

A tree; branchlets hoary. Leaves 6-10 in., undulate, coriaceous, shiningabove, 
reticulate on both surfaces; base cuneate; nerves 16-20-pairs, slender, arclied, 
very different from M. usitata; petiole | in. flattened, -winged. Panicles lax, 
slender, sparingly branched, about equalling the leaves, puberulous. Flowers on 
slender pedicels, white, | in. diam. Calyx membranous, calyptriform, acute pube- 
scent. Petals linear-oblong, acute, puberulous, eventually 2-2^ in. long, linear- 
oblong or -spathulate, coriaceous, veined. Drupe § in. diam., depressed or globose, 
quite smooth ; pedicel very slender, 1-1 :|- in. 

** Stamens 6. Fruit subsessile. 

3. m. nXaing'ayi, Hook. f. ; leaves broadly elliptic obtuse long-petioled, 
quite glabrous. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

A gigantic tree {Maingay) ; branchlets rather slender. Leaves 4-6 by 2-3 in., 
very coriaceous, deeply reticulate on both surfaces; nerves 18-20-pairs, strong- 
parallel ; petiole 1-2 in. Panicles terminal and axillary, longer than the leaves, long- 
peduncled, pubescent, curved, lax-flowered. Flowers ^ in. diam. Calyx calj'pitri- 
form, membranous, veined, split on one side as in Gluta, pubescent. Petals linear, 
oblong, obtuse, tomentose. Stamens 5 ; filaments filiform, hairy. Disk elevated. 
Ovary tomentose. Drupe | in., oblong, obtuse, smooth. 

4. BK. Wallicbli, Hook. f. ; leaves petioled broadly obovate tip rounded, 
nerves 12-14 pairs, panicles very numerous excessively branched very long 
softly tomentose. Stagmaria vemiciflua. Jack ? Wall. Cat. 980. 



26 XLVi. ANACAEDIACE2E. (J. D. Hooker.) [Swintonia. 

Singapore, Wallich ; Malacca, Maingay. 

A large tree. Leaves 6-8 by 3-4 in., coriaceous, obscurely reticulate above, more 
distinctly beneath; nerves strong, nearly straight; petiole 1-1| in. Panicles 
terminal and in the uppermost axils, branched from the base, curved, a foot long and 
more, together forming a drooping mass of long arched finely pubescent angled (when 
dry) peduncles, that branch towards their ends into slender tomentose branchlets 
with innumerable softly downy flowers ; bracts large, obovate, concave, very mem- 
branous. Flowers very shortly pedicelled, \ in. long. Calyx narrow-ovoid, very 
membranous, almost 2-valved. Petals linear-oblong, inserted towards the base of the 
disk, villous on both surfaces. Stamens 5. Bisk short. — Wallich, who assumed this 
to be Jack's Stagmaria verjiiciflua {Gluta Benghas, L.), found a tree of it in tlie forest 
of Sincapore, close to Botany Hall, which, I assume, was his temporary residence. 



8. SWZNTONZA, Griff. 

A tall tree, quite glabrous. Leaves alternate, long-petioled, simple, quite 
entire. Panicles terminal and axillary, very large and broad. Flowers small 
hermapbrodite or unisexual. Calyx small, 5-lobed, lobes rounded imbricate. 
Petals 5, adnate to the middle of the disk, linear-oblong, imbricate, much 
enlarged and reflexed in fruit. Disk short or elongate or cylindric. Stamens 
5, inserted on the top of the disk, free. Ovary sessile, ovoid, l-celled, narrowed 
into the slender style ; stigma capitellate ; ovule pendulous from a basal funicle. 
Drupe ovoid, smooth, sessile, coriaceous, subtended by the 5 reflexed enlarged 
petals. Seed erect, testa thin; cotyledons amygdaloid. — Disteib. The 
following are the only species known. 

1. S. G-riffitliii, Kwz in Jour. B&ng. As. Soc. 1870, ii. 75; leaves 
elliptic-lanceolate acuminate at both ends, petiole long slender, panicle much 
larger than the leaves lax spreading quite glabrous, branches very slender, 
flowers pedicelled. Swintonia, Griff, in Proc. Linn. Soc. 1846, 283. Astro- 
petalum 1, Griff. Notul. iv. 411, t. 565, f. 2, h. c. d. 

Tenasserim, at Mergui, Griffith ; Heifer. 

A lofty tree, glabrous throughout ; branchlets very slender. Leaves 4-7 by 1-1| 
in., sometimes subopposite or 3-nate ; tip obtuse ; margin waved, obscurely reticulate 
above and beneath; nerves 16-20-pairs, very slender ; petiole 1^ in. Panicle copiously 
branched from near tlie base. Flowers long-pedicelled, ^ in, diam. Petals linear- 
oblong, quite glabrous, rapidly enlarging. Fruit unknown. — I do not find the 
irregular pellucid dots which Griffith describes. Habit of a Mango, conspicuous 
for its dense masses of flowers which, when bruised, emit a peppery smell. 

2. S. Helferi, Hook. f. ; leaves narrow-lanceolate obtusely acuminate, 
base acute, margins undulate, petiole long slender, panicles much longer than the 
leaves lax spreading quite glabrous, flowers pedicplled. 

Tenasserim or Andaman Islands, Heifer, 

Very nearly allied to 8. Griffithii, but branchlets stouter. Leaves much longer, 
6-10 by 1-1| in., drawm out into longer points, with more numerous (25-30) pairs of 
nerves, rather stouter petioles, and more waved margins ; they are also of a dark 
brown colour when dry, whereas those of S. Griffithii are pale greyish-brown. Drupe 
(ripe) obovoid, ^ in. The reflexed petals 2 in. long, linear, obtuse, veined, glabrous. 

3. S. Schwenkii, Teysm. 4* Binnend. Cat. Hort. Bogor. 230; leaves 
oblong-lanceolate tip obtuse rounded or obtusely acuminate, base rounded 
glaucous beneath, petiole very slender, panicles excessively branched longer or 
shorter than the leaves, flowers minute subsessile. Kurz in Journ. As. Soc. 



Swintonia.'} XLVi. ANACARDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) 27 

Benff. 1870, ii. 75. Anauxanopetalum Schwenkii, Teysm. ^- Binnend. in 
Miguel Jaurn. i. 368. Astropetalum 2, Griffith, Notul. iv. 415. 

Malacca, Griffith : Maingay. — Disteib. Sumatra, 

A tall tieo ; branchlets rather slender. Leaves 3-5 in., usiuiUy obtusely acuminate, 
rather thin ; margins hardly undulate ; nerves about 15-pairs; petiole very slender, 2-2| 
in. Pa?iicles numerous from the upper axils, branched, peduncles and branches and 
pedicels excessively slender and spreading. Flowers the smallest of the genus, when 
first expanded, ^ in. diam., shortly pedicelled. Calyx-lohes orbicular, glabrous. Petals 
oblong on expansion, very rapidly enlarging, finally 2\ in. long, linear, obtuse 
coriaceous, veined. Dnipe ^ in long, oblong, smooth. Cotyledons oblong, amygda- 
loid ; radicle lateral, minute. — Kurz refers to this Astropebilum 1 of Griffith's 
Notulae, -which, as it appears to me from Griffith's notes and specimens, is his original 
Swintonia, to which he attached the MS. name of S.florihunda, but for which I have 
adopted Kurz's S. Grriffithii. The reference to " Cat. Hort. Begor." is taken from 
Kurz. I do not find the name in the edition of that work at Kew. 

4. S. spicifera, Hook.f. ; leaves obovate or elliptic-obovate tip roimded 
base cimeate, panicles longer than the leaves branches strict, flowers forming- 
pubescent spikelets at the tips of the brancMets. 

Penang ? Maingay. 

A lofty thick-stemmed tree {Maingay). Leaves 3|-7 by \\-2 in., coriaceous, upper 
surface shining with very obscure nerves, under glaucous "with 12-15 pairs of very 
slender nerves, reticulation very indistinct ; petiole f-1 in. Panicles subcorymbose, 
sometimes leafy, repeatedly trichotomously forked ; branches angular, strict, suberect, 
glabrous, articulate, ultimate di^dsions \ in., stout, clothed with imbricating small 
bracts and flowers; rachis with close-set deep scars; bracts orbicular, concave, 
pubescent. Flowers \ in. diam. when flrst expanded, apparently polygamous, most of 
them males and caducous ; pedicel very short. Calyx hemispheric, 5-lobed, lobes 
orbicular, pubescent. Petals 5, oblong, obtuse, hoary, eventually 1-2| in., reflexed, 
linear-oblong, obtuse, coriaceous in fruit. Stamens 5, filaments subulate ; anthers 
oblong. Bisk confluent with the thickened base of the filament in the male. Drupe 
I in. long, obliquely ovoid, smooth ; pericarp thin. Cotyledons amygdaloid. — I 
assume this to be a Penang plant from the tickets and writing being of the same kind 
as is attached to Maingay's other Penang plants. A very different species from the 
rest, the imbricating flowers on the thick tips of the branchlets of the panicle is a 
curious character. 

9. SOZ.ENOCARPUS, Wt. & Am. 

A tree. Leaves crowded at the ends of the branches, odd-pinnate ; leaflets 
opposite, glabrous, crenulate. Panicles terminal. Floivers small, hermaphrodite. 
Calyx small, 5-toothed, imbricate, deciduous. Betah 5, ovate, valvate. IHsk 
broad, annular. Stamens 10, inserted at the base of the disk. Ovary sessUe, 
1-celled, style clavate, stigma obliquely truncato ; ovule 1, pendulous from 
the top of the cell. Drupe small, obliquely oblong, truncate, comprassed ; 
pericarp cellular, full of oil. Stone hard. Seed linear, compressed ; cotyledons 
linear, plano-convex ; radicle very short, superior. 

1. S. indica, Wt. 8^- Arn. Brodr.i. 171 ; Beddome Fl. Sylv. t. 233 ; Anal 
Gen. 79. 

Western Pend^sula; Malabar and Travancor, ascending to 2500 ft. on the 
Anamally hills, Beddnme. 

Leaves 6-12 in.; petiole angled, slender, pubescent; leaflets 4-6-pair^. 2-4 in., 
subopposite, sessile, except the terminal, which is long-petiolulate, oblong or oblong- 
lanceoJate acuminate ; base obliquely cordate, quite entire or remotely crenato, rather 
coriaceous, glabrous, nerves 8-10-pairs, faint. Panicles much branched ; branches erect, 

VOL. n. R 



28 XLVi. ANACAEDIACEJ3. (J. D. Hooker.) [Tapiria. 

patent, pubescent, at length glabrate. Flowers shortly pedicelled, |-|' in. diam. Drupe 
^ in. long, pedicelled. 

10. TAPIXIXA, Juss. 

Erect or scandent shrubs or trees. Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate ; leaflets 
numerous, subopposite, serrate. Panicles axillary and terminal. Flowers small, 
green, polygamous. Calyx 5-partite ; segments imbricate, persistent. Petals 5, 
small, oblong, imbricate. Disk broad, 6-lobed. Stamens 10, inserted at the 
base of the disk ; anthers globose. Ovary in the ^ immersed in the disk, 4-6- 
lobed, with 4-5 styles ; in the § ovoid, more free, 1-celled ; style short, conic, 
stigma simple ; ovule pendulous from the top of the cell. Drupe obliquely ob- 
long, fleshy ; stone rugose, crustaceous. Seed oblong, testa membranous ; coty- 
ledons large, plano-convex ; radicle superior. — Distkib. Species 8 or 10, chiefly 
American. 

1. T. hirsuta, Hookf. in Benth ^ Hook.f. Gen. Plant, i. 423; Robergia 
hirsuta, Poxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 456 ; Pegia nitida, Coleb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. xv. 
364 ; Phlebochiton, Wall, in Trans. Med. ^ Phys. Soc. Calc. vii. 230 ; P. ex- 
tensum. Oat. 8499. 

Central and Eastern tropical Himalaya, from Nipal and Sikkim, ascending to 
4000 ft. ; to Bhotan, Griffith. Assam, Selhet, and Chtttagong. 

A scandent shrub, more or less clothed -with soft villous tomentum. Leaves 8-12 
in. ; petiole villous, slender ; leaflets petiolulate, 5-7 pairs, 1-4 in., oblong, acuminate, 
membranous, rarely quite entire, base cordate. Panicles villous; bracts ovate. 
Flowers i in. diam., pale, sweet-scented. Drujpe the size of a currant, black ; flesh 
next the stone cellular and full of viscid brown balsam. 



11. PZSNTASPADON, Hook. f. 

Trees. Leaves odd-pinnate ; leaflets opposite subsessile, quite entire. Pa- 
nicles axillary, peduncled, branched, branchlets very slender. Flowers pedicelled, 
minute, hermaphrodite. Calyx-lobes 5, imbricate. Petals 5, oblong-obovate, 
strongly imbricate. Stamens 5, minute, inserted at the base of the disk, alter- 
nate with 5 short subulate staminodes which are free or adnate to the side of the 
disk, filaments short, broadly subulate ; anthers didymous. Disk cupular, ob- 
scurely 10-lobed. Ovary seated on the disk, very minute, 1-celled, contracted into 
a stout short style, stigma globose or obliquely oblong, large ; ovule 1, pendulous 
from the upper part of the cavity. 

1. P. ? velutinus, Hook. f. ; petioles leaflets beneath and panicles 
clothed with velvety tomentum. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

Branchlets stout, woody, cylindric, covered -with close-set scars of fallen leaves, tips 
velvety. Leaves crowded at the ends of the branches; petiole 6-10 in. stout, cylindric, 
velvety, bearing no leaflets on the lower third or fourth ; leaflets 2-3| in. subsessile 
except the petioMate terminal one, oblong acute or acuminate, base rather oblique 
and rounded, thinly coriaceous, opaque above with pubescent midrib, thickly tomen- 
tose beneath ; nerves 12-14 pairs, slender, arched. Panicles usually shorter than the 
leaves, triangular, densely velvety, except the flowers, peduncle 2-4 in. ; branchlets 
very numerous, erecto-patent, strict, very slender indeed, much divided and spread- 
ing. Flowers i in. diam. on short glabrous pedicels ; bracts minute. Calyx lobes 
ovate. Petals spreading, minutely puberulous. Stamens and Ovary very minute, as 
compared to the petals. JDrupe 1 in. long, rather scurfy outside, compressed, ovoid, 
obliquely beaked, 1-celled ; pericarp cellular and full of black varnish, endocarp thin. 



Odina.'] xlvi. anacardiace^. (J. D. Hooker.) 29 

Setd pendulous, oblong, compressed ; testa thin ; cotyledons thin, flat ; radicle supe- 
rior. — Maingay notes that this tree is polygamo-dicecious, hut all the flowers I liave 
examined seem to be hermaphrodite. Owing to the minuteness of the parts of the 
flower he states he was unable to make out the structure of the ovary and ovules. 
That I have given is, I think, correct. 

The genus Pe?itaspadon was founded on a Bornean plant (Trans. Linn. Soc. xxiii. 
168 t. 24), afterwards published from Sumatran specimens as Nothoprotium by Mi- 
quel (Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 527), "who referred it to Burseraceoe. Miquel's description 
is most imperfect, and I added to it in the Genera Plantarum the character of having two 
styles, taken from flowers sent to me by Miquel as belonging to his plant, but which 
prove to belong to a totally different one. Marchand (Rev. Anacard. 90, 183) was 
the first to identify liothoproiium with Pentaspadon, and his identification I have 
confirmed by specimens subsequently received from Miquel. The fruit of the original 
species being unknown, it is possible that that here described may not be con- 
generic. 

12. ODZNA, Roxb. 

Trees with few stout soft branclies. Leaves few at the ends of the branches, 
alternate, odd-pinnate, deciduous ; leaflets opposite, quite entire. Racemes 
simple and panicled, terminal, fascicled. Flmvers small, monoecious or dioecious, 
fascicled, shortly pedicelled. Calyx 4-5-lobed, persistent ; lobes rounded, im- 
bricate. Pe^ff/s 4-5, imbricate. Disk annular, 4-5-lobed. Male fl. Stame^is 
8-10, inserted within the disk. Ovary 4r-5 parted. Fem. fl. Ovary sessile, 
oblong, 1-celled ; styles 3-4, stout, stigmas simple or capitellate ; ovule pendulous 
from near the top of the cell. Drupe small, compressed, reniform, crowned 
by the distant styles ; stone hard. Seed compressed ; embryo curved, cotyle- 
dons flat fleshy, radicle superior. Distkib. About 12 species, of which most 
are African. 

1. O. Wodler, Mo.vb. Fl. Ind. ii. 293 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. i. 171 ; Thivaites 
Enum. 78 ; Grah. Cat. Bomb. PL 42 ; Wt. Ic. t. 60 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 123 ; 
Wall. Cat. 8475 ; Boyle III. t. 31 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bwnb. Fl. 51 ; Brandis For. 
Fl(yr. 123.— Bheede Hort. Mai. iv. t. 32. 

Throughout the hotter parts of India, from the extreme N.W. and along the foot of 
the Himalaya (ascending to 4000 ft.) to Assam, BraMA, Tenasseeim, the Andaman 
Isulnds, and Ceylon. 

A deciduous ugly tree 40-50 ft. ; trunk very thick ; branches few ; bark exfoliat- 
ing ; young parts clothed with stellate down. Leaves 12-18 in. ; petiole terete ; leaf- 
lets 3-4 pairs, petiolulate, 3-6 in., oblong-ovate, caudate-acuminate, quite entire. 
BaccTnes slender, S compound, $ simple pubescent. Flowers 4-merous, fiiscicled, 
shortly cymose, inodorous ; bracts ciliate. Sepals obtuse, ciliate. Petals twice as 
long, oblong, spreading, purplish and greenish-yellow. Stamens equalling the petals 
in the S . Drtipe red. — The tissues abound in starch, whence it is most easy to in- 
crease this tree by cuttings of almost any part. 

13. PA RISK! A, Hook. f. 

Beautiful flowering trees. Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate ; leaflets numerous, 
quite entire, coriaceous. Panicles ample, nodding. Flowers dioecious. Male. 
Calyx cupular, 4-lobed ; lobes ovate, valvate. Petals 4, oblong, imbricate. 
Disk short, annular, obscurely 4-lobed. Stamens 4, inserted below the margin 
of the disk. Biidimentary ovary colimmar. Fem. fl. Calyx 4-lobed, lobes 
greatly enlarged in fruit. Petals 4. Disk ? Stamens 4 ? Ovary sessile, ovoid, 
1-celled ; style terminal, imequally 3-fid, stigmas capitate ; ovule pendulous 
from near the top of the cell. Fruit dry, globose, pubescent, pointed by 
the style-base, pericarp thin. Seed pendulous, testa membranous ; cotyledons 
amygdaloid ; radicle superior. — Distklb. The following are the only species. 



30 XLYi. ANACARDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) [Farishia. 

1. p. insigrnls, Hook. f. in Trans. Linn. Soc. xxiii. 170, t. 26 ; leaflets 
6-8 pairs, thinly coriaceous, ovate-cordate or -oMong ohlique glabrous beneath, 
fruiting sepals 3-3^ in. Astronium insigne, Marchand Rev. Anacard. 177. 

Tenasserim, at Mergui, Griffith ; Andaman Islds., Parish, Kurz. 

Leaves 1-2 ft., petiole cylindric, glabrous ; leaflets petiolulate, 5-8 in., variable in 
shape, often gradually narrowed to the tip from just above the base, shining above, 
reticulated beneath; midrib quite excentric ; nerves 12-20 pairs, slender, arched. 
Pa7iicles as long as the l^ves, villous with spreading hairs. Flowers I in. diam., 
broadly campanulate. Sepals pubescent. Bisk tomentose. Drupe the size of a large 
pea, globose, pointed, tomentose ; enlarged sepals puberulous, acute or rounded at the 
tip. 

2. P- ZKEaing'ayi, Hook. f. ; leaflets 10-12 pairs, thickly coriaceous 
oblong or linear-oblong obtuse puberulous beneath, fruiting sepals 6-7 in. 

Maxacca, Maingay. 

A tree abounding in a resinous slightly viscid secretion {Maingay). Leaves 
crowded at the ends of the branches; petiole 12-18 in., pubescent woody terete ; 
leaflets 3-6 in., shortly petiolulate, base rounded, hard, shining above, with 
obscure nerves; beneath minutely puberulous, and minutely reticulated; nerves 
15-30 pair, slender, spreading, nearly straight. Panicles apparently shorter than 
the leaves, pubescent. Petals linear-oblong. Disk pilose. Young fruit densely 
clothed with hispid ferruginous bristles; fruiting sepals puberulous, nearly 1 in. 
broad, tip rounded. — I have assumed that the fruits belong to the leaves of the plant 
with which Maingay has placed them ; but in one of his Herbarium specimens, the 
leaves of P. Maingayi are fastened down with the fruit of a species with pubescent 
pericarp and acute fruiting sepals 4J by 1^ in. 

3. P. pubescens, Hook. /. ; leaflets 5 pair thickly coriaceous oblong 
acute or acuminate pubescent beneath, fruiting sepals 5 in. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

A lofty tree. Leaves 8-14 in. ; petiole pubescent, terete ; leaflets 3-5 in., sub- 
sessile, base rounded, above glabrous except the midrib, shining, beneath lurid 
thickly pubescent much reticulate ; nerves 10-12 pairs, very strong, arched. Panicle 
divided to the base into numerous fascicled branches, densely softly tomentose. 
Flowers \ in. diam., pedicelled. Ovary conical, pilose ; styles 3. _ Drupe \ in. long, 
between conical and spherical, densely tomentose. Pericarp cartilaginous ; fruiting 
sepals i in. diam., tip rounded. 

14. SBMXSCARPUS, Linn. f. 

Trees. Leaves alternate, simple, quite entire, coriaceous. Flowers small, 
polygamous or dioecious, in terminal, rarely axillary panicles. Calyx 5-6-fid, seg- 
ments deciduous. Petals 5-6, imbricate. Disk broad, annular. Stamens 5-6, 
inserted at the base of the disk, imperfect in the 5 flowers. Ovary 1 -celled ; 
styles 3 ; ovule pendulous from a basal funicle. LJrupe fleshy, oblong or sub- 
globose, oblique, seated on a fleshy receptacle formed of the thickened disk and 
calyx base ; pericarp loaded with acrid resin. Seed pendulous, testa coriaceous, 
inner coat somewhat 5eshy ; embryo thick, cotyledons plano-convex, radicle 
superior. — Distrib. About 20 species, tropical Asiatic and Australian. 

* Leaves moi*e or less pubescent beneath. Panicles pubescent (see also 
7. S. marginata). 

1. S. Anacardium, Linn. f. ; leaves very large oblong or obovate- 
oblong tip roimded, base rounded cordate or cuneate opaque above bro%\Ti 
minutely pubescent beneath, panicle tomentose, drupe 1 in. Ho.vb. Flor. Ind. 



Semeca/rpits.] xlvi. ANACARDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) 31 

ii. 83 ; Cor. PL i. t. 12 ; W. 8^- A. Prodr. i. 168 ; Wt. Ic. L 558 ; Grah. Cat. 
Bomb. PL 41 ; Dak. ^ Gibs. Bomb. FL 52 ; Bedd. FL Sylv. t. 166 ; Brandts 
For. Flor. 124 ; WaU. Cat. 8473. S. latif^lius, Pers. {ex Marchand). Anar- 
cardium latifolium, Lamk. IlL t. 208. A. officinarum, Gcertn. 

Tropical outer Himalaya, from Sirmore to Sikkim, ascending to 3500 ft. ; and 
throughout the hotter parts of India, as far east as Assam (absent in the Eastern 
Peninsula and Ceylon). — Distrib. Eastern Archipelago and N. Australia. 

A moderate -sized dicBcious deciduous tree, exuding a dark juice ; young parts 
petioles leaves beneath and panicle clothed with a fine pale pubescence. Leaves 9-30 
by 5-12 in., very coriaceous, flat, margin cartilaginous, rarely linear-oblong, usually 
contracted below the middle; nerves 16-25 pairs, stout, slightly arched; petiole 
1-2 in., rounded, not winged. Panicle equalling or shorter than the leaves, stout; 
branches spreading ; bracts lanceolate. Flowers \-^ in. diam., subsessile, fascicled. 
Petals much longer than the calyx, oblong, greenish-white. Filaynents subulate. 
Drupe 1 in. long, obliquely ovoid or oblong, smooth, shining, black ; cup orange-red. 

Var. cuneifolia ; DC. Prodr. ii. 62 ; leaves cuneate at the base often tomentose 
beneath. Tropical Himalaya, Khasia Mts., Behar, and the Concan. — S. cuneifolia, 
Eoxb. FL Ind. ii. 86 ; Grah. Cat. Bomb. PL U. 

2. S. xnicrocarpa, Wall. C«^. 989; leaves large otovate or subpanduri- 
form tip rounded base acute obtuse or rounded glabrous and opaque above 
pale with fijie subscabrid pubescence beneath, drupe ^ in. 

BiRMA ; on the Irawaddy, Wallich. 

Very similar in habit and foliage to S. Anacardium, but the drupes are less than 
half the size. — Kurz's S. albescens (see p. 35), which he describes as having the petals 
valvate or subvalvate, a glabrous disk, pubescent ovary and 3 thick styles ; found in 
the Moung forests, Pegu, by Dr. Brandis, may possibly be this. 

3. S. pubescens, Thwaites Enum. 77 ; leaves lanceolate finely acumi- 
nate under surface and petiole velvety-tomentose nerves nearly straight, panicles 
slender velvety, drupe ^ in. 

Ceylon, at Eatnapoora, Walker, Thwaites. 

A small tree {Thwaites). Leaves 6-12 by 2-2| in., opaque and glabrous above 
except the pubescent midrib, densely clothed with rusty brown tomentum beneath, 
base acute or rounded ; nerves 16-20 pairs, somewhat arched ; petiole \~\ in. Panicle 
with very spreading branches. Flowers glabrous. Drupe oblong, slightly oblique, as 
broad as the short cup. 

4. S. Thwaitesii, Hook./.-, leaves lanceolate finely acuminate under 
surface and petiole laxly pubescent or glabrate nerves much arched, panicles 
glabrate. 

Ceylon, at Morowe Corle, Thwaites. 

This, which is regarded by Thwaites as a glabrous form of S. piibescens, seems to 
me to be at once distinguished not only by the different pubescence, but by the much 
arched nerves. 

** Leaves glabrous on both surfaces. Panicles glabrous. 

5. S. travancorica, Bedd. Flor. Si/lv. t. 232 ; leaves very large oblong 
or obovate- oblong thickly coriaceous, shining and reticulate on both surfaces, 
tip rounded, base roimded or acute, petiole 2 in. 

Western Peninsuxa; Travancor Ghats, alt. 2-3000 ft., Beddomc. 

A very large tree. Leaves 12 by 5-6 in., occasionally lanceolate and acuminate, 
very coriaceous, dark green and shining al)Ove, paler l^enoath ; nerves 16-18 pairs, 
much reticulated beneath ; petiole 2 in. Panicles axillary and terminal, compound, 
spreading, about equalling the leaves. Flowers dioecious, 5-6-merous. Calyx pubes- 



32 XLVi. ANACARDiACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) ISemecarptcs. 

cent, andciliate, <? with a large turbinate rudiment of an ovary. Drupe 1 in., obliquely 
oblong, rounded at the tip ; cup broad, short. Beddome. 

6. S. auriculata, -He^(?ome jP/. >Sy/y. under t. 232 ; Ic. Plant. Ind. Or., 
t. 187 ; leaves sessile oblanceolate tip obtuse reticulate on both surfaces nerves 
strong beneath. 

Western Pentn-stjla; Travancor and Tinnevelly Mountains, Haync, Beddomp. 

A good-sized dioecious tree. Leaves 7 by 1| in., oblanceolate, obtusely acuminate, 
very gradually narrowed at the base and there furnished with 2 rounded lobes just 
above the petiole, dull green, glabrous, midrib slightly rusty, margin membranous, 
reticulations prominent beneath ; petiole |-l in. Flowers $ 3-5-merous. Drupe 
obliquely obovate, | in. diam., broader than long, very oblique ; cup short, broad. — 



7. S. marg'inata, Thioaites Enum. 77 ; leaves 6-14 in. elliptic-obovate- 
or oblanceolate abruptly obtusely acuminate glabrous or pilose beneath, base 
contracted auricled margin broadly cartilaginous, petiole very short and thick,, 
panicle from the old wood glabrous or pilose, nut \ in. 

Ceylon; damp forests in the Galle, Ratnapoora and Ambagamowa districts, 
Walker, Thwaites. 

An erect shrub, 6-5 ft., sparingly branched. Leaves 2|-5 in. broad, bright brown 
when dry, but hardly shining, white margin ^ in. broad, reticulate beneath ; nerves 
about 12 pairs, slender, arched; midrib grooved beneath; petiole i in., remarkably 
thick. Panicle short, slender. Nut ovoid, subcompressed, oblique, reddish ; cup half 
as long, scarlet. — Described chiefly from Thwaites, who states that there is a form 
with the leaves beneath clothed with spreading rigid hairs. 

8. S. obovata, Moon Cat. 22; leaves 3-7 in. subsessile very broadly 
obovate or oblong thickly coriaceous shining on both surfaces, tip rounded or 
retuse, base cordate, panicles quite glabrous. Thioaites Enum. 77. 

Ceylon ; at Caltura and Ratnapoora. 

A moderate-sized tree, glabrous throughout. Leaves 2^3 J in. broad, very thick, 
dark brown above when dry, paler beneath, reticulated on both surfaces, but the 
nervules not well defined ; nerves 6-8 pair ; petiole | in. Panicles rather slender, 
branches spreading. Flowers minute. Unripe nut oblong, with a rather elongate 
narrow cup. 

9. S. ZMEoonii, Thwaites Enum. 77; leaves 6-12 in. oblong or oblong- 
lanceolate shortly acmuinate thickly coriaceous many-nerved much reticulate 
beneath, petiole very short, panicle terminal large spreading. 

Ceylon, south part of the island, Thwaites. 

A moderate-sized perfectly glabrous tree. Leaves 2\-Z\ in. broad, hard, rather 
shining grey-green above, with distinct and rather broad reticulations, which are 
stronger on the brown undersurface ; nerves 18-20 pairs, very spreading, shining 
beneath, with the midrib grooved ; petiole ■^\ in., very thick. Panicle with a stout 
peduncle and spreading branches. Flowers numerous, | in. diam. 

10. S. coriacea, Thwaites Enum. 76; very robust, leaves 3-7 in. 
obovate or obovate-oblong thickly coriaceous tip roimded much reticulate be- 
neath base subacute not narrowed into the very short petiole, panicles very- 
robust with spreading branches, drupe large broader than long. 

Ceylon ; central province, alt. 5-7000 ft., Thwaites. 

A moderate-sized tree, glabrous throughout ; branchlets as thick as the finger. 
Leaves 1|-3| in. broad, hardly shining, pale above when dry, brown beneath, nerves 
10-12 pairs, slightly arched, not well defined, as is the case with the reticulations 
beneath ; midrib beneath grooved ; petiole i-j in. long, and broad. Panicles fascicled. 



Semecarpus.~\ xlvi. ANACARDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) 33 

rachis very stout. Flowers i in. diara., sessile, clustered. Nut 1.^ in. diam., obliquely 
cordate, compressed, apiculate ; cup short, narrow. 

11. S. Bubpeltata, TJnoaites Enum. 75 ; leaves peltate 10-15 iu. 
oblong or ovate- or obovate-oblong abruptly obtusely acuminate thickly coria- 
ceous broadly margined shining and reticulate above opaque and minutely 
closely dotted beneath, panicle terminal stout, nuts transversely oblong. 

Ceylon ; forests between Galle and Ratnapoora, Thwaites. 

A large tree, glabrous throughout ; branchlets as thick as the finger. Leaves 
4-6^ in. broad, very thick, polished above and reticulate on both surfaces, base 
rounded with the petiole inserted \ in. within it; nerves 16-20 pairs, nearly horizontal ; 
midrib grooved on both surfaces ; petiole 1^-2 in., very stout indeed. Panicle small 
for the size of the plant, branches spreading. Flowers ^ in. diam. Nut li in. broad, 
much shorter ; cup large, kidney-shaped, fleshy. — A very handsome plant. 

12. S. G-ardneri, TJnuaites Enum. 76 & 410; leaves 6-15 in. lanceo- 
late or elliptic or linear-lanceolate obtusely acuminate strongly closely reticulate 
and dark oeneath, midrib broad above, petiole 1-2 in., panicles axillary and 
terminal, nuts § in. obliquely oblong broader than long. 

Ceylon, common in the central "province, ascending to 3000 ft. 

A moderate-sized tree, glabrous throughout ; branchlets not very stout. Leaves 
usually narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, coriaceous, opaque above, dark and densely 
reticulate beneath; base not decurrent on the petiole; margin cartilaginous, waved; 
midrib very broad and flat; nerves 10-15 pairs, nearly horizontal or arched and 
ascending ; ultimate venules curv^ed with free ends, pale on a dark green ground. 
Panicles numerous, axillary and terminal. Nuts oblique, broader than long ; cup 
shallow. — The minute reticulation of the undersurface of the leaf of this species is 
quite peculiar. Thwaites' original 1257 (of first distribution) has leaves of the 
following species and fruit of this. Marchand (Rev. Anacard. 169) refers this to S. 
Anacardium var. angv^tifolium DC. (Prodr. ii. 62), an Amboyna plant, I know not on 
what authority. 

13. S. Walkeri, Hooh. f. ; leaves 4-7 iu. elliptic or oblong-lanceolate 
aciuninate transversely strongly reticulate and pale beneath, midrib slender 
above, petiole 1-2 in., panicles terminal axillary and on the old wood, nut ovoid- 
oblong erect half simk in the cup. — S. obsciu-a, Thwaites Enum. 410. 

Ceylon ; Walker, Thwaites (C. P. 2940). 

This, which was first sent out by Thwaites with S. Gardneri, and afterwards 
referred by him to S. ohscura, differs from the latter in the leaves not being decurrent 
and the long petioles, and from the former in the very different- reticulation of tho 
pale undersurface of the leaf, as well as in the form of the nut. 

14. S. obscura, Thivaites Enum. 76 : leaves 3-6 in. obovate-oblong 
narrowed into the very short petiole tip obtuse or rounded pale and strongly 
reticulate beneath, midrib slender above, panicles terminal, nut ovoid-oblong. 
? S. zeylanica, Blume Mv^. Bat. i. 189. S. oblongifolia, var. Thicaites, CI*. 
1258 ; Marchand Rev. Anacard. 169, var. 3. 

Ceylon ; in the central province alt. 3000 ft., Macrae, Thwaites, Gardner. 

A moderate-sized tree, glabrous throughout. Leaves \\-2 in. broad, gradually 
decurrent on the petiole, undersurface and its reticulations like those of S. Walkeri ; 
Detiole \ iu. Nut 2 in., half sunk in the cup. 

15. S. acuminata, Thioaitcs Enum. 76 ; leaves 4-12 in. elliptic- ovate- 
or oblong-lanceolate finely caudate-acmninate closely reticulate and dark beneath, 
petiole ^ in., panicles terminal and axillary, nut 1 in. obcordate broader than 
long. 8. oblongifolia, Thcaitcs Enum. I.e. S. oblongifolia, var. 2, il/rtrcAa7jf? i^cy. 
Anacard. 169. 



34 XLVi. ANACARDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) [Semecarpus. 

Ckyxon ; forests in the Galle, Ratnapoora and Ambagaraowa districts, Thwaites. 

I retain this species with great hesitation, having only a flowery specimen, and 
finding it referred to a variety of 8. oblongifolia, by Thwaites, in his Addenda. From 
the latter it appears to me to be wholly distinct, having precisely the peculiar reticu- 
lation and undersurface colouring of 8. Gardneri, from which it differs in the long 
acute tail to the apex of the leaf and slender midrib above. According to Thwaites's 
description, it further differs in the less coriaceous leaves, smaller panicle, and 
differently shaped fruit. From 8. nigro-viridis and ^S. obscura it seems to me to differ 
in the leaf not being decurrent into the petiole, and in its very long acute tip. 

16. S. nigfro-viridis, TJnmites Enum. 76 & 410 (excl. var. acumi- 
nata) ; leaves 3-6 in. obovate-cuneate or oblong-obovate narrowed into the 
petiole, tip rounded or abruptly obtusely acuminate, pale and reticulate beneath, 
midrib above slender, panicles terminal short, nut broader than long. S. 
oblongifolia, var. nigro-viridis, Thioaites (C.P. 631, 641, 2444, 2586) ; Mar- 
chand Rev. Anacard. 169. 

Ceylon, central province, alt. 2-4000 ft., Thwaites. 

A moderate-sized tree, glabrous throughout. Leaves 1^-2 in. broad, very variable 
in breadth, but almost always cuneate-obovate and decurrent on the petiole, which is 
1-1 in., very dark green ; nerves 6-10 pairs, much arched, reticulate as 8. obscura and 
\ Walkeri. Panicles short, reduced to racemes. Flowers large, \ in. diam. Nut 
described by Thwaites as obliquely rounded or obcordate, compressed, with a hooked 
apiculus, and narrower cup ; and this they are in his No. 2586, but in one specimen 
of 631 they are ovoid and erect, and quite 1 in. long. Thwaites's 631 bis, with ^ 
flowers only, also sent as 8. nigro-viridis, has elliptic-lanceolate leaves finely acuminate 
and not narrowed into the petiole, which is longer, with very large spreading panicles. 
It is probably identical with his original 1257, mentioned under 8. Gardneri. 

17. S. parvifolia, Thwaites Enum. 77 ; leaves l|^-3^ in. obovate or 
elliptic decurrent on the slender petiole tip roimded or obtusely abruptly 
acuminate, margin cartilaginous, strongly closely reticulate beneath with thick 
nervules, racemes terminal slender few-flowered, floAvers pediceUed. S. oblongi- 
folia var. 4, Marchatid Rev. Anacard. 169. 

Cetlon ; Galle district, at Hinidoon Corle, Thwaites. 

A moderate-sized tree, glabrous throughout. Leaves the smallest of the genus, 
S-li in. broad, very thickly coriaceous, and with a remarkably strong cartilaginous 
borler, shining above with a slender midrib, undersurface pale; nerves 7-12 pairs, 
nearly horizontal ; petiole ^ in., much more slender than usual in the genus. 
Racemes shorter than the leaves. Nut unripe, elongate-conic with a curved acuminate 
tip and a turbinate narrow cup. 

18. ? S. lurida, Hook. f. ; leaves 5-8 in. narrowly elliptic-oblong or 
-lanceolate obtuse very coriaceous decurrent on the petiole opique and 
reticulated beneath with many spreading nerves, midrib above broad, panicles 
terminal black when dry shorter than the leaves, flowers minute pediceUed. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

A tree, quite glabrous throughout. Leaves 1^-2| in. broad, almost shining above, 
very opaque and lurid (as if glaucous when fresh) beneath, usually suddenly contracted 
into an obtuse tip ; nerves 30-40 pairs, very slender, but not much raised beneath ; 
midrib convex and much broader above ; petiole |-1 in., stout. Panicles terminal 
and axillary, much branched, the lateral branches \-l in. long, bearing loose cymes 
of ^flowers not ^ in. diam. CaZyjr obtusely 5-lobed. Petals broadly oblong, obtuse. 
Stamens 5, anthers subglobose. Disk broad, fleshy, margin lobed. Ovary imperfect. 
I am very doubtful of the genus of this plant, of which I have seen no fruit. 

••* Leaves glabrous on both surfaces Panicles pubescent. 



SeniecarpiLs.'] XLVi. ANACARDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) 35 

19. S. subpanduriformis, Wall. Cat. 987; leaves lanceolately pan- 
duriform acuminate membranous white beneath, petiole short slender, panicle 
terminal much branched. 

Chittagong, Wallich (cult, in Calcutta Bot. Gardens). 

Branchlets stout. Leaves 1 ft. and upwards by 3^-4 in., broadest much above the 
middle, thence rapidly narrowing upwards to a very acuminate point and downwards 
to the petiole but dilating again for one-fourth above the base^ exceedingly thin and 
membranous, opaque above, beneath brownish white, with faint indications of 
pubescence on the nerves and midrib, reticulations very delicate; nerves 16-30, very 
slender, straight ; petiole \-\ in. Panicles as long as the leaves, very robust and 
much branched, finely pubescent. Flowers unknown. Fruit immature, obliquely 
orbicular, compressed, with a small cup. 

20. S. het^ropliylla, Blume Mus. Bot. i. 187 ; leaves 6-14 in. oblong 
or obovate-oblong thickly coriaceous tip abruptly obtusely acuminate shinin^^ 
above pale and reticulated beneath, petiole ^1 in., panicle pubescent very large 
Avith slender erecto-patent branches, flowers minute. Mia. Fl. Ind. Bat i pt 
2, 625. 

Tenasserim or Andaman Islands, Heifer. — Distrib, Sumatra, Java. 

Perfectly glabrous except the panicle. Leaves very variable according to Javanese 
specimens, 1-4 in. broad, thick, hard, and leathery, reticulated on both surfaces, 
whitish beneath, margin thickened, cartilaginous, base acute but not decurrent on the' 
petiole ; nerves 12-15 pairs, shining, somewhat arched. Panicle of the (J very large, a 
foot long and more, and as broad ; branches strict, pale, the ultimate slender with 
small clusters of minute sessile flowers. Nut in Java specimens transversely oblong, 
1 in. diam. ; cup much narrower, shallow, pubescent when young. 



SPECIES UNKNOWN OR IMPERFECTLY KNOWN TO ME. 

S. .suBRACEMosA, Kurz ill Jour. As. Soc. Bcng. 1872, ii. 304 ; young parts pu- 
bemlous, leaves deciduous ? distant 3-4 in. oblong or oblong-lanceolate obtuse or 
subobtuse subdecurrent into a broad glabrous petiole |-1 in. thinly chartaceous 
glaucous glabrous and shining above, glaucous beneath and minutely puberulous when 
young, midrib thick, nerves parallel, reticulations lax and conspicuous, panicles 
axillary and terminal graceful pubervJous, flowers small in fascicled cyrnes, pedicels 
very short densely pubescent, calyx pubendous, petals valvate, filaments capillary, 
disk hispid, styles 3 thick. — Pegu, Kurz. Probably a Holigama. 

S. ACUMINATA, Kurz in Jour. As. Soc. Beng. 1870, ii. 7o ; perfectly glabrous, 
leaves 6-12 in. cuneate-obovate or -oblong acuminate, base narrowed acute or 
acuminate glaucous beneath, nerves slender acutely prominent, reticidations lax con- 
spicuous, panicles terminal slender shorter than the leaves, lax quite glabrous, calyx- 
teeth broad acute, petals oblong-lanceolate acuminate, disk hispid, ovary glabrous, 
drupe obliquely oblong broader than long, cup as broad, scarlet. — Frequent in tlie 
forests of Arracan on sandstone ; also in Chittagong, Kurz. 

S. LAEVIGATA, Thwaitcs in Herb. (Coll. 3948) ; a small species in a very imperfect 
state, with glabrous elliptic-obovate obtusely acuminate leaves 2-4 in. long shinin"" 
above transversely .strongly reticulated beneath, — >South parts of Ceylon. S. obhtn'^ 
gifolia var. 5, Marchand Hcv. A7iacard. 109. 

S. Ai.BESCEXS, Kurz in Beng. As. Soc. Jour. 1871, ii. ol ; 'a large tree, voting- 
parts velvcty-tomentoso, leaves 7-12 in. elongatc-obovato or cuneate-lanJcolato 
shortly and obtusely acuminate, base cuneate rounded or obtuse shining and "-lahrous 
above except the pubescent nerves, thinly clothed with white tomentum and sparinglv 
hairy beneath, nerves yellow conspicuous yellowisli pilose not tomcutose, rrticulationit 



36 XLVi. ANACAEDiACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) \_8emecarpu8. 

lax, petiole |-1 in. thick tomentose, panicle densely yellow tomentose usually shorter 
than the leaves, flowers small racemulose, pedicels ~-^ in., calyx minute pubescent, 
petals valyate or subvalvate — in. shortly pubescent, ovary densely appressedly 
hirsute, stigmas 3 thick glabrous, disk glabrous, stamens 5, filaments short rather 
broad 1 or 2 longer and abortive.' — Kurz. 
Pegtj ; in the Moung forest. Brandis. 

15. OSIMVCARPUS, Hook. f. 

Lofty trees. Leaves alternate, petioled, simple, quite entire. Racemes or 
panicles axillary. Floivers small, subglobose, polygamous. Calyx superior; 
lobes 5, rounded, imbricate. Petals 5, ere(?t, orbiculli', imbricate. Dhk broad, 
annular. Stamens 5, inserted at the base of the disk. Ovary inferior, 1-celled ; 
style 1, very short ; stigma capitate ; ovule attached to the wall of the cell. 
Drupe transversely obliquely ovoid, fibrous, flesh resinous ; stone coriaceous. 
Seed attached to the wall of. the cell, testa membranous ; embryo thick, coty- 
ledons plano-convex radicle minute opposite the hiliun ; pliunule hairy. — 
DisTRiB. 2 or 3 Indian species. 

1. D. racemosus, Hook. f. in Benth. ^- Hook. f. Gen. PI. i. 424; leaves 
linear-oblong or lanceolate acuminate glaucous beneath, margins waved. Holi- 
garna racemosa, Roxh. Fl. Ind. ii. 82 ; Wall. Cat. 1006. 

SiKKiM and Bhotan Ht atat.a ya, alt. 2-5000 ft. ; Silhet and Khasia Mts., alt. 
0-4000 ft. 

A large tree; branchlets glabrous. Leaves 4-12 in., coriaceous, shining above, 
opaque and grey beneath ; nerves 20-30 pairs, strongly arched ; reticulations delicate ; 
midrib above rather broad ; petiole \ in., stout. Racemes branched in axillary 
fascicles, shorter than the leaves, pubescent or glabrate. Flowers Jjj in. diam., 
crowded, the males most so, greenish- white. Drupe red, 1 in. diam. — Marchand 
(Rev. Anacard. 172) mentions a Holigarna angustifolia Eoxb. as identical with this, 
but I find no such name published by Roxburgh. 

IG. KOXiZGAHXrA, Ham. 

Lofty trees. Leaves alternate, simple, petioled, entire, coriaceous ; petiole 
fm'nished with 2 or 4 spur-like decidous appendages. Racemes or panicles 
axillary and terminal. Flowers small, crowded, polygamous. Calyx superior ; 
tube cup-shaped ; teeth 5, imbricate; Petals 6, densely villous in front, cohering 
with the edge of the disk and at the base, persistent, valvate. Bisk lining the 
calyx-tube, obscure in the $ . Stamens 5, inserted on the edge of the disk, 
coherent at the base with the petals, filaments subulate, glabrous ; anthers 
small, subglobose. • Otary inferior, 1-celled ; styles 3-5, terminal, stigmas 
capitate or clavate ; ovule pendulous from near the top of the cell. Drupe sub- 
compressed, oblong or ovoid, resinous, acrid ; stone coriaceous. Seed parietal, 
testa membranous ; embryo thick, cotyledons plano-convex ; radicle minute 
next the hilimi. — Disteib. 7 species, all Indian. 

* Leaves quite glabrous heneath. 

1. K. Amotti^LJiA, Hook. f. ; leaves cimeate-obovate obtuse or acute quite 
glabrous decurrent on the petiole, petiole with two tubercles at the top, panicles 
slender tomentose, drupe glabrous. II. longifolia, Wt. 8)- Am. Prodr. i. 169 ; 
Grah. Cat. Bomb. PI. 41 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 51 ; Beddome Fl. Sylv. t. 
167 (not of Roxburgh). Terebinthacea, Wall. Cat. 8504. 

Westebn Peninsula ; from the Concan southwards on the Ghats. 



Holigarna.'] xlvi. anacardiace^. (J. D. Hooker.) 37 

A tree, branches stout. Leaves 6-9 by 2-3 in., coriaceous, shining above, reticu- 
lated and glaucous or not beneath; nerves 16-20 pairs, strong, nearly straight, pro- 
minent on both surfaces ; petiole ^-1 in., rather slender ; petiolar spurs early deci- 
duous. Panicles of compound racemes, axillary and terminal, shorter or longer than 
the leaves, thickly rufous-tomentose when dry. Flo.wcrs crowded, minute, <J^ in. 
diam., enveloped in tomentum. Drupe 1 in., obliquely oblong, rounded at the top, quite 
glabrous, long pedicelled. — "Wight's originally distributed specimens (No. 626) have 
leaves pubescent beneath. 

2. K. ferrug'lnea, Marehajid Rev. Anarcard. 171 ; leaves cuneate-obovate 
roimded at the tip quite glabrous decurrent on the petiole, petiole with two 
tubercles at the top, racemes robust clothed with dark rusty tomentum. 
Terebinthacea, Wall. Cat. 8503. 

Westeen Peninsxji-a : Coorg, Herb. Stocks ; Teavancor, Herb. Wall. ; Manga- 
lore, Wight. 

Very similar to H. Arnoiiiana, but the racemes are. short and very robust, less 
branched and clothed with a deeper red (when dry) tomentum, and the flowers a/e 
much larger, being fully ^-^ in. diam. Stamens longer than the petals. Stales 3-4 in., 
elongate. — The terminal bud of this species seems more glabrous than in the H. 
Amottiana. 

3. K. longrifolla, Roxh. Cor. PL iii. 79, t. 282 ; Fl Ind. ii. 80 ; leaves 
1-2 ft. very narrowly cuneate-oblanceolate acuminate membranous glabrous and 
glaucous beneath, petiole very short and thick, petiolar spurs 2 or 4 persistent 
or deciduous, ^ panicle finely pubescent. DC. Rrodr. ii. G3. 

Chittagong, Roxburgh, &c. ; Pegu, Kurz. 

A tall tree ; bark white. Leaves thinly coriaceous, hardly shining above, ciliate 
when quite young, ending in a long acuminate point, gradually narrowed from above 
the middle to the base which is hardly decurrent on the petiole ; nerves 20-25 pairs, 
erecto-patent, slender, reticulations large ; petiole 5— j in. Panicle very large and 
spreading, ^tomentose. Flowers ^ in. diam., clustered. Fruiting panicle 18 in. long, 
with spreading decurved branches. Drupes (immature) oblong. — Specimens from 
Kurz. 

4. XZ. Kelferi, Hook. f. ; leaves 8-lG in. cuneate-oblanceolate acute or 
acuminate glaucous beneath rather coriaceous, decurrent on the very short pe- 
tiole, spurs two on each side slender persistent, ^ panicle much branched softly 
densely tomentose, $ siraple racemose. 

Texasserim ; at Mergui, Heifer. 

Branchlets stout, as thick as the finger. Leaves very variable in size, the smaller 
7 by 2 in., with 10-12 pairs of nerves ; the large 16 by 4 in., -with 26 pairs of nerves ; 
upper surface opaque, under purplish-brown when dry ; midrib very prominent, 
grooved, nerves slightly arched, slender ; transverse venules reticulated. Panicles $ 
rather slender, clothed with soft lax ferruginous tomentum. Flowers -^ in. diam., in 
small glomerules; 9 in stout simple Racemes, pedicelled, very much larger than 
the $ . Drupe subcylindric, truncate, f in. — This may prove to be a form of H. 
longifolia, but I do not think so. 



** 



Leaves pubescent beneath. 



5. H. Grahamii, Hook.f. (not of Kurz) ; leaves 12-16 in. oblanceolate- 
cuneate triangular above the middle and acuminate finely pubescent beneath, 
petiole very short and thick, petiolar spure 2 or 4 persistent. Semecarpus Gra- 
hamii, Wt. Ic. t. 235 ; III. i. 185 ; Dalz. «^- (iibs. Bomb. Fl. 52. 

Western PENmsTn^A ; Concan, Graham, &c. 

A tree 20-30 ft. ; branchlets very robust. Leaves 4-6 in. diam., gradually nar 
rowed from above the middle to the base, hardly decurrent on the petiole, very rigidly 



38 XL VI. ANACARDUCEiB. (J. D. Hooker.) [HoUgama, 

coriaceous, shining above, pale and reticulated beneath ; nerves 20-30 pairs, very pro- 
minent beneath ; petiole | in., spurs 1 or 2 on each side 5— |- in- Panicles terminal, $ 
a foot long,*much branched, clothed "vnth ferruginous tomentum, ^ shorter. Flowers 
clustered, $ about | in. diam. Styles 3. Drupe ovoid, glabrous, | in. long, upper 
^ or ;^ exserted. — Kurz gives this as a native of Pegu, but the plants he sends toKew 
under this name are in part the true H. longifolia of Roxburgh, and in part H. albi- 
cans. H. Grahamii differs from H. longifolia in the leaf being more triangular at 
the top, not rounded and suddenly acuminate. 

6. K. Beddoxnel, Hook. f. ; leaves 10-22 in. cuneate-oManceolate some- 
times much produced below acute or acuminate densely velvety beneath young 
membranous and ciliate. 

"Western Peninstjla ; Anamallay hills, Beddome. 

An enormous tree, Beddome. Leaves -when old 10 in. long, coriaceous, densely 
velvety, rufous ; nerves 18-22 pairs, stout, ferruginous, those of young plants 20 in. 
long, membranous, ciliate ^\ath long hairs on the margin midrib and imder surfaces ; 
nerves slender 40-50 pairs, horizontal in the lower very elongated portion, more 
arching above ; petiole short ; stipular spurs capillary, caducous. —A very fine species 
of -which the leaves only are known. 

7. K. albicans, Hook. f. ; leaves 6-16 in. oblanceolate-cuneate or oblong 
coriaceous acuminate shining and reticulate above white beneath and glabrous 
or very minutely pubescent in the midrib only laxly reticulate, panicle pubes- 
cent as long as the leaf much branched, branches slender, ^ flowers shortly pe- 
dicelled \ in, diam., drupe broader than long oblique. H. Grahamii, Kurz in 
Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 1872, ii. 205. 

Pegu, Martaban, Kurz, McLellaJid, Scott. 

Branchlets as thick as the thumb. Leaves 2-4 in. broad, base not decurrent on 
the petiole, obtuse ; midrib stout faintly grooved; nerves 14-18 pairs all raised, 
arched ; petiole \-^ in. Panicle of S peduncled, rachis curved, branches very 
slender, spreading ; of ? also much branched and spreading. Flowers S only seen. 
Sepals small. Petals obtuse, pubescent. Filaments very slender. Disk pubescent. 
Drupe pedicelled, | in. diam. when dry, turgid, somewhat compressed, very oblique, 
the exposed portion much smaller, convex, puberulous. — Apparently a very dis- 
tinct species, of which a large-leaved specimen from Kurz is marked H. Grahamii, 
Kurz {Semccarpus, "Wight.)- I find no trace of spiu-s on the petiole, but have seen 
no very young leaves. Kurz describes this as beard-like. 



17. »IZ:Z.A170CSVZ.iV, Hook. f. 

Trees. Leaves simple, very coriaceous, exstipulate, quite entire. Panicles 
branched, axillary and terminal. Floivers small, imisexual. Calyx-tube per- 
sistent, enlarged in fruit and adnate to the very base of the drupe, cupular, 
lobes 6, erect. Petals 5, inserted on the edge of the disk, very coriaceous, per- 
sistent, erect or suberect, villous in front, valvate. Disk lining the calyx-tube. 
Stamens inserted on the edge of the disk, filaments stout, sometimes coherent at 
the base with the petals viUous ; anthers oblong. Ovary globose, 1-celled ; 
style short, stigmas 3; ovule 1, pendulous from near the top of the cell. Drupe 
globose, areolate at the base by the enlarged calyx, flesh full of black varnish ; 
stone thick, bard. Seed oblong, testa thin; cotyledons amygdaloid, radicle 
superior. — DisipiB. The following^are the only known species. 

1. TtL. toxnentosa, Hook. f. ; branchlets petiole panicle and midrib be- 
neath velvety-tomentose, leaves oblong acuminate rounded or subcordate at the 
base. 



Melanochyla.'] xlvi. anacardiace^. (J. D. Hooker.) 39 

MiLLACCA, Maingay. 

BrancUets rather stout, densely clothed -with soft spread! n£^ ferruginous tomentum. 
Leaves 6-14 by 2-4 in,, hard, smooth but hardly polished above, with a slender mid- 
rib, not reticulated ; beneath pale with 30-35 pairs of strong arched pubescent 
nerves, and faint reticulations ; petiole very thick, \-^ in. Panicle exceeding tho 
leaves, rachis almost villous, branches spreading pubescent. Flowers ^ minute, 
^ in. diam., in small lateral cymes, shortly pedicelled. Calyx lobed for half 
way down, lobes obtuse. Petals oblong, obtuse, pubescent outside, villous within, very 
coriaceous. Filaments rigid nearly as long as the petals. Drupe elliptic, gli>bose, 
1-li in. diam., orange-yellow, clothed with ferruginous (when dry) pubescence, and 
full of black varnish. 

2. in. ang-ustlfolia, 7/ooA;. /.; leaves linear-lanceolate or -oblanceolato 
acuminate quite glabrous, petiole long slender, panicles slender puberulous. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

Branchlets rather slender, minutely puberulous, as are the panicles. Leaves 6-10 by 
IJ— 1|^ in., hard, base acute often unequal, margin rather waved, shining on both sur- 
faces, reticulations not well defined ; midrib slender above, strong beneath ; nerves 
15-20 pairs, arched ; petiole 1-1^ in. very slender, greatly thickened from ^ in. abova 
the base. Panicles chiefly axillary, very slender, longer or shorter than the leaves. 
Flowers in lateral cjTuules, S ^ in- diam. ; like those of M. tomejitosa, but much less 
tomentose. Drupe unripe ^— ^ in. diam, globose, apiculate, puberulous. — Maingay 
describes the corolla as imbriciite, but I find it to be quite valvate. 

3. IKE. BZaing'ayi, Hook.f.; leaves narrowly elliptic-oblong or -oblanceo- 
late abruptly acuminate pubescent beneath, pauicle stout tomentose. 

Malacca. Maingay. 
A tree yielding a copious black varnish, Maingay. Branchlets rather slender, gla- 
brous or pubescent. Leaves 5-8 by 2|— 3;^ in., rigidly coriaceous, narrowed into the 
petiole, smooth but hardly^ shining above, beneath minutely pubescent; nerves 20-25 
pairs, strong, arched; reticulations beneath distinct, transverse; petiole ^-^ in. Pa- 
mc/e terminal, stout, ferruginous. i'^oz^e/'S pubescent, $ \ in. diam. subsessile ; $ 
more than twice as large, with an almost urceolate calyx. Filaments rather broad. 
Ovary globose, hairy. Fruit not seen. 

4. m. auriculat a, ^oo7c. /. ; leaves narrowly linear-oblong from an au- 
ricled tapering base recurved acmninate glabrous polished sessile or with a 
very short enlarged petiole, panicle <^ stout pubescent. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

Branchlets very thick and woody. Leaves 18 by 3-4 in., rigidly coriaceous, appa- 
rently folded down the middle, recurved, polished on both surfaces, base^-^ in. broad, 
auricles recurved; nerves about 30 pairs, slightly arched, more prominent above than 
beneath, transverse reticulations faint beneath ; midrib at the base suddenly expand- 
ing into a petiole :j- in. long and as broad, which is adnate to tho branch. Panicles 
terminal, smaller than the leaves, rusty -pubescent, rachis very stcjut. Flowers $ clus- 
tered about i in. diam. Drn;pe oblong-globose, 1^-H in. diam., puberulous, ribbed 
when dry ; stone very thick. 

18. NOTKOPEGZA, Blume. 

Small tree. Leaves alternate or opposite, petioled, entire. Ltacemes short 
axillary. Floivers small, bracteate, white, polygamous. Caly.v small, 4-6- 
lobed, persistent. Petals 4-5, spreading, imbricate. Disk annular, 4-5-Iobod. 
Stamens 4-5, inserted on the margin of the disk", lilaments free hairy. Ovary 
free, sessile, ovoid, 1-celled ; style veiy short, stigma simple ; ovule pendulous 



40 XLYi. ANACAEDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) [Nothopegia, 

from near the top of the cell. Drupe depressed-turbinate, striate, tipped with 
the style, flesh cellular. Seed pendulous; cotyledons thick, plano-convex, 
radicle short suhlateral. — Distrib. The following are the only species. 

1. N. Colebrookiana, Bluine Mus. Bot. i. 203 ; branchlets grlahrous, 
leaves eUiptic-lanceolate acuminate quite glabrous, margin usually waved. Bedd, 
Flor. Sylv. t. 164 ; Anal. Gen. 79. Pegia ? Colebroolriana, Wt. Ic. t. 236 ; III. i. 
185. Glycycarpus racemosus, Dalz. in Hook. Kew Journ. Bot. ii. 39 ; Hook. Ic. 
Fl. t. 842 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 51, excl. syn. ; Thwaites Enum. 78. 

Western Pentnsttia ; on the Ghats from the Southern Concan southwards. 
Ceylon ; ascending to 3000 ft. Common. 

A small tree, about 15 ft. high, with milky acrid juice. Leaves 2-8 by 1-2|- in., 
usually elliptic-oblong with a tendency to be more narrow below than above, rarely 
narrower and 8 by 1| in., base decurrent on the petiole, shining above, usually white 
beneath ; nerves 15-20 pair, not prominent beneath, arched, reticulations also not 
sharply defined ; petiole ^— | in. Racemes much shorter than the leaves, solitary and 
feiscicled, strict ; $ branched, much longer and more branched than the $ , more or 
less pubescent. Flowers minute ; $ sessile or nearly so, ^ in. diam. Petals suberect 
with recurved tips, hairy on the back. Sepals almost orbicular. Filaments almost 
glabrous. Drupe \ in. diam., red, top depressed. 

Vak. 1. Heyneana ; leaves smaller 2-3 in. more shortly petioled obtuse, drupe blue. 
— Terebinthacea ? Wall. Cat. 8500. 

Vak. 2. macrocarpa; leaves 3-4 in. obovate-oblong shortly obtusely acuminate 
very coriaceous, drupe |-f in. diam., top not depressed. — Shevaghery hills, Wight. 

2. N. travancorica, Beddome MSS. ; bi-anchlets petiole and midrib 
beneath pubescent with short spreading hairs, leaves elliptic-lanceolate acumi- 
nate, petals hairy within. 

Western Peninsuia; Travancor, Beddome. 

Leaves 6-7 by l^-lf in., almost membranous, margin thickened, green below, ciliate 
towards the base which is acute and not decurrent on the petiole ; nerves 30-35 pairs, 
slightly arched; petiole ^ in. Flowers $ in supra-axillary glomerules, ^ in. diam. 
Petals ovate-lanceolate. Filaments hairy, broad. — I have seen only imperfect 
specimens. 

3. N. aureo-fulva, Beddome MSS. ; branchlets petiole and midrib be- 
neath densely rufous villous, leaves opposite narrow linear. 

Western Peninsula ; Tinnevelly, Beddome. 

Leaves 7-8 by 1 in., obtuse or acute, rather membranous, shining above, much 
reticulated beneath ; nerves about 30 pair, slender, arched ; petiole ^ in. — I have seen 
only an imperfect specimen of this very curious species. 



19. CAZHPITOSPERMA, Thwaites. 

Trees. Leaves alternate, very coriaceous, simple, quite entire. Racemes 
axillary, simple or sparingly branched. Floioers sessile, minute, hermaphrodite. 
Calyx 3-5-partite ; segments erect, persistent, imbricate. Petals 3-6, suborbicular, 
erect, imbricate. Disk urceolar. Stamens 6-10 ; inserted at the base of the 
disk. Ovary free, sessile, ovoid, 1-celled (or 2-celled vdth 1 cell suppressed) ; 
style very short, stigma discoid or capitate; ovule 1, pendulous from the top of 
the cell. Drupe ovoid, fleshy ; stone hard, almost 2-celled by a vertical plate 
from the top of the horse-shoe" shaped cell. Seed pendulous, curved roimd the 



Cam;pnosperma.'] XLVi. anacardiace^. (J. D. Hooker.) 41 

imperfect septum ; cotyledons curved, flattisli ; radicle short superior. — A genus 
of G species, of which one is a native of Madagascar, and another of the 
Seychelles. 

1. C. zeylanicuxn, Thwaites in Hook. Kew Jown. Bot. vi. G5, t. i. A ; 
Enum. 78 ; leaves glabrous above dotted beneath finely reticulate, racemes short 
stout glabrous. 

Ceylon; Saffragan and Ambamagowa districts, generally on river banks. 
Thwaites. 

A ramous tree, 30-40 ft. ; branchlets stout, terete, youngest parts minutely scaly. 
Leaves 3-7 by 2-2| in., elliptic-obovate or oblanceolate or obovate, obtuso, base decur- 
rent on the petiole, thickly coriaceous, smooth and beautifully reticulated on both 
surfaces, the numerous spreading nerves hardly more distinct than the reticulations, 
pale brown when dry, coA^ered beneath -with minute dot-like scales ; midrib prominent 
beneath ; petiole stout ^—5 in. Raceme usually shorter than the leaves, rachis stout. 
Flowers ^ in. diam. Drupe nearly globose, 5-^ in. diam. purple. 

2. C. xnacrophylla, Hook. f. ; leaves obovate-oblong or obcuneate tip 
rounded puberulous beneath, reticulations obscure, nerves close-set 20-35 pairs, 
racemes furfuraceously-pubescent.* Buchanania macrophylla, Blwne Mas. Bot. 
i. 185 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. pt. 2, 637. 

Malacca, Griffith. Sincapoke ; Schomburgk, «&c. — Distrib. Sumatra, Borneo. 

A small tree ; branchlets pubescent, as thick as the finger. Leaves full grown, 
8-14 by 3i-6i in., thickly coriaceous, shining above, and scarcely reticulate beneath, 
clothed with a very fine rusty down ; nerves nearly straight, strong, transverse, 
venules obscure ; petiole' 1-3 in., very stout, winged, channelled above, pubescent all 
over. Panicles slender, very variable in length, sometimes 1 ft., lateral branches 
short or long. Flowers very minute, in clusters along the rachis and branches, 
globose, 25 in. diam., .tetramerous. Sepals rounded, pubescent. Petals orbicular- 
ovate, obtuse, erect. Filaments shortly subulate. Drupe h-% in., subacute, com- 
pressed, nearly orbicular ; stone crustaceous, 3-4-celled. 

3. C. G-riffitliii, Marchand Rev. Anacard. 174 ; leaves obovate-oblong or 
obcuneate, tip rounded perfectly glabrous reticulate on both sm-faces, nerves 
14-18 pairs, racemes furfuraceously pubescent. Semecarpus ? grandifolia, IVall. 
Cat. 985. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay ; Penang, Porter. 

A tall shrubby tree, Wallich. Ver}"- similar in foliage to C. macrophylla, but tlie 
leaves are less thick, perfectly glabrous and reticulate on both surfaces, the nerves 
fewer and more distant, the petioles longer (^-3 in.) and winged U) the base, and the 
panicles arc more slender. — Griffith (MSS.) describes the flowers as 5-merous, but I 
find them to be 4-merous. 

4. C auriculata, Hook. f. ; leaves obovate-spathulate auricled at the 
very base tip rounded quite glabrous reticulated on both surfaces, nerves 12-18 
pair, panicles pubescent very slender. Buchanania auric ulata, Blume Mus. 
Bot. i. 185 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. pt. 2, G37. 

Sixcapore, Maingay, T. Anderson. — Distuib. Sumatra, Borneo. 

Leaves of the same character as those of C. Griffithii but smaller, G-9 by 2-3 in., 
coriaceous, very gradually narrowed downwards into the petiole, which is },-\ in., the 
auricles quite small, beautifully reticulate on both surfaces, as in C. zeylatlica, nerves 
arched, veiy slender. Panicle as in P. grandifolia, but less pubescent. Flowers 
fiimilar, 4-mcrous. * 



42 XLYi. ANACAEDiACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) \_Spondias, 



20. SPONSIAS, Linn. 

Deciduous glabrous trees. Leaves usually crowded at the tips of the 
"branches, alternate, odd-pinnate ; leaflets sub-opposite, usually caudate-acumi- 
nate. Panicles terminal, spreading. Floioei's small, polygamous. Calyx small, 
4-5-fid, deciduous, lobes slightly imbricate. Petals 4-5, spreading, subvalvate. 
Bisk cupular, broad, crenate. Stamms 8-10, inserted beneath the disk. Omiiy 
sessile, free, 4-5-celled ; styles 4-5, conniving ; ovules solitary, pendulous in 
the cells. Drupe fleshy ; stone hard, thick, 1-5-celled, the cells erect or 
diverging and opening by canals through the top of the stone. Seeds pendulous, 
testa membranous ; embryo straight, cotyledons elongate plano-convex, radicle 
short superior. — Distkib. About 8 species all tropical. 

Spondias dulcis, Willd. ; Eoxh. FL 2nd. ii. 452 ; Wall. Cat. 8477 A. ; with 
crenate longer leaflets, is a .South-Sea Island plant, introduced into India, and called 
* Hog-plum' and ' Otaheite Apple.' — Wall. Cat. 8477 B. from the Calcutta gardens is 
in part S. lutea, L., the Hog-plum of the AVest Indies. 

Spondias?; IVall. Cat. 8479, from Hurdwar appears to be Bhtcs succedanea, 
Linn. 

1. S. man^ifera, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 75 ; leaflets 4-6 pairs 2-9 in. 
oblong acuminate quite entire, panicle 1-2 ft., drupe ovoid, stone rough and 
fibrous. Boxh. Fl. Ind. ii. 451 ; W. S>' A. Prodr. 173 ; Wt. III. i. 186, t. 76 ; 
Wall. Cat. 8476 ; Pedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 169 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Flor. Suppl. 19 ; 
Grah. Cat. Bomb. PI. 42 ; Brand. For. Flor. 128. S. amara, Lamk. ; Ham. in 
Trans. Linn. Soc. xiii, 531. Evia amara, Comm. ; Blume Mus. Bot. i. 234; 
Thivaites Fnum. 78. Mangifera pinnata, Kom. {not Lamk.). — Rheede Hort. 
Mai. i. t. 50. 

Throughoxit India from the Indus eastwards and southwards to Malacca and 
Ceylon, ascending to 5000 ft. in the Himajlata. Wild and cultivated. — Distkib, 
Tropical Asia. 

A small tree, everywhere glabrous. Leaves 1-1|- ft. ; petiole slender ; leaflets 2-9 
by 1-4 in., shortly petiolulate, shining, more or less oblique ; nerves 10-30 on each 
side, horizontal, joined by a strong intra-marginal one. Panicles large, spreading, 
sparingly branched. Flowers \ in. diam., scattered, uni- or bisexual. Calyx 5-toothed. 
Petals oblong, greenish-white. Bisk broad, 10-toothed. Filaments short, subulate. 
Prupe 1^-2 in. long, yellow, smooth: flesh very austere; stone cavernous, usually 
with 1 (1-3) perfect seed. — The ' Amra' of the Hindoos, and the Hog-plum of many 
Europeans. 

2. S. acuminata, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 453; leaflets 5-8 pair 1^-3 in. 
elliptic caudate-acuminate quite entire or obscurely crenulate, panicle 6-8 in., 
drupe ovoid-globose, stone smooth fibrous. Grah. Cat, Bomb. PI. 42 ; W. Sf A. 
Prodr. 173; Wall. Cat. 8478. 

Western Peninsula ; Malabar, Heyne, Roxburgh ; in the Concan hills, near 
Kenuery caves, Graham; Canara, Ritchie. 

An elegant middling sized tree (Eoxb.), apparently differing from S. mangifera. 
chiefly in the smaller leaves with longer points, the very short panicle, and smooth 
stone (if I am right in referring a fruiting plant in Wight's Herbarium to this 
species). — In Wallich's Herbarium, specimens of Odina Wodier are mixed with this. 

3. S. axillaris, Roxh. Fl. Ind. ii. 453 ; leaflets G-S-pairs ovate-lanceolate 
aciuninate serj-ate, drupe ovoid-oblgng, stone smooth. 

NiPAL, Roxburgh. 

A small Melia-looking tree. Leaves 1 ft. ; petiole slender ; leaflets shortly petio- 



SjpondiasA XLVi. anacahduce^. (J. D. Hooker.) 43 

lulate, 3-4: in., pale beneath, not abruptly acuminate as in S. mangifcra and 
acuminata; nerves free, arching. Flowers solitary or subsolitary on the branches, 
long pedicelled, \ in. diam., white. Calyx lobes acute. Petals elliptic, subacute. 
Filajnents short, subulate. Disk annular, 10-lobed. Ovary 5-celled with o short 
erect styles. Drupe i| in. long, rounded at the top, yellow. Stone o-celled, quite 
small. — I know this plant only through Roxburgh's description and excellent drawing, 
which represents a true Spondias in the structure of flower, fruit and embryo ; but 
the arched-nerved, leaves which he describes as ' gash-serrate' but figures as obtusely 
serrate), and the subsolitary flowers on the branches with peduncles Jj in, long, aro 
quitG unlike any. Spondias I know. 

4. S. ? macrophylla, Wall. Cat. 8480 ; leaflets 3-4-pair (>-0 in. elliptic 
acuminate. 

BiRMA, at Taong-dong, Wallich. 

This, of which there are only mutilated leaves and fragments of a panicle without 
flower or fruit, in Wallich's Herbarium, may be only S. oaangifera. 



21. DRACONTO^XSZiUnX, Blume. 

Trees. Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate ; leaflets opposite or alteruate, quite en- 
tire. Panicles axillaiy and subterminal. Floivers small, pale, hermaphrodite. 
Calyx 5-partite, segments conniving, imbricate. Petals 5, suberoct, subvalvate. 
Disk cup-shaped, crenulate. Stamens 10, inserted at the base of the disk. Ovary 
sessile, 5-celled ; styles 5, thick, erect (like ovaries), connate by their obtase, sti;,^- 
matiferoiis tips ; ovides solitary and pendulous in the cells. Drupe globose, 
fleshy, tubercled above 'the middle by the style-bases ; stone hard, depressed, 2-5- 
celled ; cells diverging, opening by canals through the top of the stone. Seeds 
compressed, pendulous, testa membranous ; cotyledons plano-convex, i-adicle 
short superior centrifugal. — Distrib. 5 species natives of tropical Asia and tho 
Pacific. 

1. D. mang-iferum, Blume Mus. Bot. i, 231, t. 42; leaflets 5-8 pairs 
opposite and alternate oblong-lanceolate acuminate, panicle much branched pu- 
bescent or tomentose. Poupartia mangifera, Blume Bijd. IICO (excl. synon.). 
P. pinnata Blanco Flo?: Filijyp. 393. 

Easteun Peninsula, South Andaman Islands, Kiir:: ; Malacca, Griffith, Main gay ; 
Penang, Maingay. — Distrib. Eastward to the Philippines and Fiji Islands, native 
and cultivated. 

A large tree. Leaves l-l^^ it. ; petiole cylindrio, glal)rous or puLosccnt ; leaflets 
petiolulate, 5-7 by l\-2\ in., usually rather falcate and oblique at the ruundcd or cor- 
date base, gradually narrowed to the subacute apex, glabrous above, beneath glalirous 
piiberulous or with tufts of hair in the nerve axils; nerves 10-12 pair, arched, reticu- 
lations close small ; petiolule ~ in. Panicle ecjualling or exceeding the leaves, pubes- 
cent or tomentose; pedicels slender, cbracteate. Flowers canipanulate, \-]^ in. diam., 
greenish white. Sepals pubescent or tomentose. Petals longer, recurved. Fila- 
Tnents slender. Drupe 1 in. dia^. , depressed. — A variable plant in pubescence, of 
which I think D. sylvestrc, Blume, tX'S^. D.puberulum, Miq. are varieties. 

Var. 1. Leaflets nearly glabro's beneath with occasional tufts of hair in tho 
nerve axils. — Andaman and Malacca 

Var. 2. Leaflets and petioic pubescent beneath, — Malacca. 

Vab. 3. Leaflets glabrous beneath, panicles and flowers rusty-tomentose. — 
Penang. 



44 xLvi. ANACARDiACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) [Bumphia. 



DOFBTFIJL GENUS. 

22. XIVXKEPHZA, Linn. 

A very large tree. Leaves alternate, petioled, simple, broadly ovate-cordate, 
toothed, rough, aromatic. Racemes axillary. Flowers bitter. Calyx tubular, 
3-fid. Petals 3, oblong. Stainem 3, exserted. Ovary subtrigonous ; style 
simple. Drujye coriaceous, turbinate, 3-grooved ; stone 3-celled, 3-seeded. 

1. Zl. tilieefolia, XamA;. Diet vi. 352; IlL t. 26; DC, Prodr, ii. 90. 
R. amboinensis, Linn. Sp. PL 49. — Rheede Hort, Mai. iv. 1. 11. 

Malabajr ; stony sandy mountain woods in Parakaroo and elsewhere, Rheede, 

Avery large tree ; bark red within, aromatic. Leaves 4-5 by 2^-3^ in., aromatic, 
5-nerved at the base ; petiole 1-1^ in. Racemes axillary and terminal, shorter than 
the leaves, Avoolly. Flowers ^ in. diam., inodorous. JDrupe 1 in. long, obovoid ob- 
tusely 3-lobed, rough and setose, flesh bitter ; stone triquetrous, 3-celled. 

Of this remarkable plant nothing is known except from the plate and description 
of Rheede. I follow the majority of authors in placing it at the end of Terebinthacece^ 
with which, however, I suspect it has nothing to do. Jussieu (Gen. PI. 370) suggests 
that it may be more allied to Sapindacea. To me it looks more like a Euphorbiaceous 
or Verbenaceous plant. 

Wallich's Terebinthacea ? No. 8501, ex Herb. Wight, is a mixture of Garuga 
jnnnata fruits with the leaves and immature fruit of another plant that I do not 
recognise and which is in a most imperfect state. 



Order XLVII.— CORIARIEH:. (By J. D. Hooker.) 

Usually glabrous shrubs, with 4-angled sarmentose branches, the lower op- 
posite ; buds scaly. Leaves opposite, rarely 3-nateiy whorled, quite entire, 
sessile, exstipulate. Racemes axillary. Floiveis small, gi-een, hermaphrodite or 
polygamous. Sejjals 5, spreading, imbricate, persistent. Petals smaller than the 
sepals, fleshy, keeled within, thickened after flowering and embracing the fruit. 
tStamens 10, hypogynous, free or the alternate adnate to the petals, filaments 
short; anthers large, oblong, rough. Disk 0. Carpels 6-10, free, 1-celled, 
whorled on a fleshy receptacle ; styles slender, subulate, fleshy, papillose all over ; 
ovides 1 in each cell, pendulous from the top. Fruit of 5 or 10 oblong com- 
pressed dry little nuts, closely embraced by the fleshy petals, 1-celled, 1-seeded. 
Seed compressed, testa membranous, albumen a thin layer ; cotyledons plano- 
convex, radicle superior. — Distrib. 3-6 species natives of S. Europe, N. Africa, 
Japan, the Himalaya, New Zealand, and the Andes. 

An order of doubtful affinity, perhaps nearest PhytolaccccB, which should in this 
work have been placed in Tlmlamiflorcs. 

CORZARZA, Linn. 

Character of the order. 

1. C. nepalensls, Wall. PI. As. Rar. iii. t. 289; Cat. 6817; leaves 
ovate or elliptic 3-7 nerved, stamens 10, carpels 6. Brandis For. Flor. 128. 

Temperate and Subtropicax Himalaya, from Marri alt. 3-6000 to Bhotan ; 
ascending to 11,000 ft. in Sikkim. — Distrib. Yunan. 

A shrub with arched branches, glabrous or pubei-idous on the leaves beneath and 
racemes. Leaves 1-2 by f-1^ in., usually broadly rounded-cordate and abruptly acu- 



Maringa.'] xlyiii. MOKiNGEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) 45 

minate, rarely ovate-oblong or elliptic and acute or acuminate, minutely serrulate. 
Racemes axillary or in the forks, solitary or clustered, 2-6 in. long:, rjiohis glabrous 
or pubescent ; bractcoles oblong, concave, deciduous. Flowers about \ in. diam. Fruit 
\-\ in. diam., black. 

Order XLVIII.— IttORINGEHS. (By J. D. Hooker.) 

Deciduous trees "with soft wood. Leaves alternate, odd-pinnate or 2-3-pin- 
nate ; leaflets opposite, quite entire, caducous as well as the pinnules, glandular 
at the base. Panicles axillary. Flowers irregular, bisexual. Calyx cup- 
shaped, 5-cleft ; segments unequal, petaloid, deciduoas from above the base, im- 
bricate. PefAils 5, unequal, upper smaller, lateral ascending, anterior larger. 
Stamens inserted on the edge of the disk, deciinate, 5 perfect opposite the petals 
alternating with 5 (or 7) which are reduced to antherless filaments ; anthers 
dorsifixed, 1-celled. Disk lining the calyx-tube. Ovary stipitate, 1-celled ; 
style slender, tubular, stigma perforated ; ovules numerous, in 2 series, on 3 pa- 
rietal placentas. Capsule elongate, beaked, 3-6-angled, 1-celled, locidicidally 
3-valved, corky and pitted within. Seeds many, in pits of the valves, testa 
corky winged or not, albimien ; embryo straight, cotyledons plano-convex, 
radicle verj- short superior, plimiule many-leaved — Distkib. 3 species, natives of 
Western Asia and N. Africa. 

A natural order of very doubtful affinity, which has been referred to near Ecsedacecp, 
Capparidece, Mclianthcce, Violariece, PolygalecB, Lcgiiminosce, Bigncniaccce, and others. 

BXOXIZNGA, Lamk. 

Character of the order. 

1. lis. pteryg-osperma, Gcertn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 478 ; leaflets elliptic 
ovate or obovate, nerves obsCure, flowers white, capsule 9-ribbed, seeds winged. 
W. 8f A. Prodr. 178 •, Wight III i. 186, t. 77 ; Bedd. Flor. Sylvat. t. 80 ; Dalz. S,- 
Gibs. Bomh.Fl. 314 ; Grah. Cat. Bomb. PI. 43 ; Brand. For, Fl. 129 ; Wall. Cat. 
5814. M. oleifera, Lamk. Encycl. i. 398. M. zeylanica, Pers. M. polygona, 
DC. Prodr: ii. 478. Hyperanthera Moringa, Vahl. ; Roxb. FL Ind. ii. 368 ; 
Griff. Notul. iv. 572, t. 609. II. decandra, Willd. Guilandiua Moringa, Linn. 
— Rheede Hort. Mai. vi. t. 11. 

Forests of Westeen Himalaya and Oudh, and cultivated elsewhere throughout 
India. — Distrib. Cultivated in various tropical countries. 

A. small tree, bark corky, wood soft, root pungent; young parts tomentose. 
Leaves 1-2 ft., usually 3-pinnate ; petiole slender, sheathing at the base; pinnae 4-6 
pairs ; leaflets 6-9 pairs, ^-f in., opposite, pale beneath ; petiolulcs slender ; glands 
linear, hairy. Panicles spreading, bracts linear. Flowers pedicelled, 1 in. diam., honey 
scented. Sepals linear-lanceolatfe, reflexed. Petals narrowly spathulato. Ferttlc 
filaments villous at the base. Ovary hairy. Fod 9-18 in., -pendulous, 9-ribbcd. 
Seeds S-gonous, -winged at the angles. — The Horse-radish tree. 

5. Z^. CO;;£<;ciuenBis, Nimmo in Grah. Cat. Bomb. PL 43 ; leaflets 1- 
1^ in. broadlv elliptic or orbicular, nerves 4-6 pair distintt. Dalz. i^- Gibs, 
Bomb. Flor. 311 ; Brandis For. Flor. 130. 

RA-rpuTAXA, on dry hills : Sindh and the Coxcan. 

A tree, very similar to M. pterygosperma. but the leaves arc much larger as aro 
the leaflets, which arc often retuse at the tip; the petals are yellowish streaktd with 
pink. Seed.< \ in. lo)ig. very broadly trig^no^is witli membranous -wings. Tliis may 
possibly be tlie red-flowered species alluded to by lioxburgh (F' Ind. ii. 368) as occur- 
ring near Maldah. 



46 XLix. CONNARACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) [Agekea, 

Order XLIX. CONNARACSSI. (By J. D. Hooker.) 

Erect or climbing sbrii"bs or trees. Leaves alternate, exstipulate, 1-3-folio- 
late or odd-pinnate ; leaflets quite entire. Flowers racemed or panicled, regular 
or subregular, usually bisexual. Calyx 5-lobed or -partite, usually persistent, 
imbricate or yalvate. Petals 5, usually narro-u-, free or slightly cohering, very 
rarely valvate. Stamens perigynous or liypogynous, sometimes declinate, 6 or 
10, those opposite the petals often shorter and imperfect ; filaments frequently 
connate at the base. Disk 0, or small annular or incomplete. Carpels 5, rarely 
1-3 or C)-7, globose, hirsute, 1-celled ; styles subulate or filiform, stigmas 
capitellate simple or 2-lobed ; ovules 2, collateral, ascending, orthotropous. 
Fruit usually of 1 rarely 2-3 sessile or stalked 1- rarely 2-seeded follicles. 
Seed erect, arillate or not, testa thick sometimes arilliform belov?- the middle, 
aril various ; cotyledons fleshy in the exalbuminous, leafy in the albuminous 
seeds, radicle superior, rarely ventral. — Distrib. 12 genera, aU tropical. 

The following Wallichian species of this order are to be rejected. 

CoNNARACEA, Wall. Cat. 8538, B. is an undeterminable apparently Connaraceous 
plant. 

CoNNABACEA ? Wall. Cat. 8534, is Bialiurii platysepalum, Baker. 
CoNNARACBA ? Wall. Cat. 8550, is Cupania glahrata, Kiu-z. 

ConnarAcea ? Wall. Cat. 8553, consists of the foliage of a Willoughbeia and 
fruit of a Connarus. 

Tribe I. Connareae. Calyx imbricate. Seeds exalbuminous. 

Calyx not clasping the base of the capsule. Seeds exarillate . 1. Agel^a. 

Calyx accrescent, clasping the base of the sessile capsule. 

Seeds arillate 2. Roubea. 

Calyx slightly accrescent, not clasping the base of the sessile 

capsule. Seeds exarillate 3. Roureopsis. 

Calyx not accrescent, clasping the pedicel of the stipitate cap- 
sule. Seeds arillate 4. Connarus. 

Tribe II. Cnestideee. Calyx valvate. Seeds albimiinous or exalbu- 
minous. 

Calyx 5-partite, exceeding the petals. Carpels 5, sessile. Cap- 
sule hispid within. Seeds albuminous 6. Cnbstis. 

Calyx 5-partite, revolute. Petals narrow. Carpels 5. Seeds ex- 
albuminous G. TjENIOCItL.;EXA. 

Calyx 5-partite, erect. Peti^ls oblong. Stamens 5, perfect. 

Carpel 1. Seeds exalbuminous 7. Ellipanthtts. 

1. AG&Z.H:A, Soland. 

Erect or scandent shrubs. Leaves 3-foliolate. Panicles or racemes axillary. 
Calyx 5-partite, not accrescent nor embracing the fruit, imbricate or subvalvate. 
Petals lanceolate or ligulate, obtuse, free or connate at the middle. Stamens 5 
or 10. Dish ^-annular or 0. Carpels 3-5. Caiisules 1-2, sessile, or shortly 
stalked, coriaceous, rugose or lamellate. Seed erect, 
arilliform below the middle. — Distrib. 9 species, African and Asiatic. 

1. A. vestita, Ilooh.f. ; branches leaves beneath and infloresceiice densely 
tomentose, leaflets elliptic obtusely caudate-acimiiuate, stamens 5, styles 5 very 



Agelcua.] xlix. conxarace.'e. (J. D. Hooker.) 47 

slender. Cnestis vestita, Wnll. in Herb. Linn. Soc. Connaracea, Wall. Cat. 
8535. llemiandrina borneeusis, Hook. f. in. Trans. Linn. Soc. xxiii. 171, t. 28. 
TroostwTckia singularis, Miq. Fl. Ind. '^Bat. Suppl. 531. (See Kurz in Jonrn. 
As. Soc.^Beng. 1870, pt. ii. 76.) 

Eastern Peninsula, Sincapore, Jack; Penang, Sorter; Malacca, Griffith, 
Maingay. — Distrir. Borneo. 

Densely clothed with fulvous hairs. Leaflets 3-6 Ly H-2^ in., lateral, suhsessile, 
terminal petiolulate ; nerves beneath very stout, strongly reticulate. Racemes 1 in., 
slender, hirsute. Flowers \ in. diam. Capsule § in. long, ovoid witli a curved beak, 
strongly tul)ercu]ate or sublamellate, densely tomentose. Seed obovoid ; testa thin, 
arilliform towards the base. 

2. A. Wallicliii, Hook. f. ; branches and leaves quite ,<,4abroiL^, leaflets 
OTate-oblon<^ or oblonjj^ obtusely-pointed, base rounded or cordate, stamens 10, 
styles 5 very short. Connaracea, Wall. Cat. 8544. 

Eastern Peninsula ; Sincapore, Wallich ; Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

Branches and petioles slender. Leaflets 4-6 by 15—25- in., coriaceous, lateral 
shortly terminal long-petiolulate ; nerves strong beneath. ^acf7;tf5 ^-1 in., densely 
pubescent. Flotvcrs ^ in. diam. Stamens and carpels stout. Capsule ^-5 in. long, 
obtusely beaked, tubercled, rusty tomentose. Seed oblong, testa t)iin. 

2. ROUREA, Aubl. 

Trees or shrubs. Leaves odd-pinnate ; leaflets subopposite or alternate. 
Panicles axillary. Flowers small ; pedicels usually slender. Sepals 5, orbicidar, 
imbricate, enlarged and clasping the base of the ripe capsule. Petals 5, usually 
linear-oblong. Stamens 10 \ filaments connate at the base. Ovaries 5,4 usuallV 
imperfect ; style slender. Capsule sessile, curved. Seed erect, arillate, exalbii- 
minous. — Disteib. Tropics ; species about 50. 

* Leaflets few, 1-6-pairs, petiolulate, glabrous. 

1. B,. santaloides, W. 4- A. Prodr. 144; quite glabrous, leaflets 2-4- 
pair 2-4 in. polished reticulated, elliptic or ovate, caudate-acmuiuate shining, 
principal nerves indistinct, base usually roimded, sepals orbicular not ciliate, 
ovaries glabrous. Planch, in Linmea, xxiii. 418 ; Dalz. S^- Gibs. Bond). Fl. 53. 
Connarus santaloides, Vahl Symb. iii. 87 ; DC. P-odr. ii. 85. 0. monocarpus, 
W. ^- A. Prodr. 143 (not of Linn.). Oonnaracea, IFall. Cat. 8o'^2.—Burm. 
Thes. Zeyl. t. 89. 

Westbrn Peninsulas ; from the Concan to Travancor. Ceylon. 

Leaflets 1^-3 by 1-1^ in., coriaceous, sometimes acute at the base ; nerves rarely 
distinct from the reticulations of the leaflet and usually spreading horizontally from 
the midrib, but this is a very uncertain diaracter. liacernes terminal and axillary, 
2-4 in., simple or compound, slender ; pedicels slender, \ in. ; bracts small. Flowers 
:y-^ in. diam. Petals twice as long as tlie linear-ol^long sepals. Capsidc falcate, 
^-1 in., obtuse, apiculate or pointed. 

2. R. commutata, Planeh. in Linna-a, xxiii. 420; quite glabrous, leaflets 
2-4-pairs 3-G in. ovate elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate candate-acuiiiinale shining, 
principal nerves usually very distinct beneath, lower pair long asconding, base 
usually acute, sepals orbicular not ciliate, ovaries glabrous, (^nestis monadflpha, 
Roxb^Fl. Ind. ii. 454. Oonnaracea ? Wall. Cat. 8541) {no Jl. or fruit.). Cou- 
naracea. Wall. Cat. 8547, 8548. 

Assam, Silhet, Chittaqong, Birma and southwards to Tenassrrim.— D.stiiib. 
China. 

So similar in most respects to jR. santaloides that I scarcely doubt its bcint; an 
eastern form of that plant, distinguished by the nervation of the leaflets, which are 



48 xLix. CONNAEACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) [Rourea. 

i-nore usually acute at the base. Some Tavoy specimens are, however, almost inter- 
mediate. 

3. It. caudata, Flanch. in Linncea, xxiii. 419 ; quite glabroiis, leaflets 3-5 
pairs elliptic-ovate with long caudate-acuminate obtuse points not shining, petiole 
very slender, sepals ciliolate, petals oblong obtuse. 

AssAJi, Jenkins; Khasia Mrs., alt. 1-4000 ft., Griffith, H.f. §' T. 

Very similar to E. santaloides, but much smaller in all its parts and more slender, 
with more membranous leaflets 2-2^ in., of which the points are \-'^ as long as the , 
blade, finely reticulate, not shining. Eacemes or panicles 1-2 in. Flowers ^ in. 
diam. Capsule |-1 in., slightly curved, l)roader upwards. Petals not much exceeding 
the sepals. Ovaries glabrous, style short. 

4. St. pulcliella, JPlanch. in Linncea^ xxiii. 419 ; quite glabrous, leaflets 
1-3-pair 1-1^ in. ovate-lanceolate obtusely caudate-acimiinate shining, sepals 
suborbicular ciliolate. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

A smaller leaved plant than E. caudata with more coriaceous leaflets, which are 
dark chestnut-brown when dry, and have slender petiolules ^ in. long ; they are 
uniformly reticulated on both surfaces without obvious principal nerves. Panicles 
\evy slender, often exceeding the leaves ; pedicels 5- in., capillary. Flowers \ in. 
diam. Petals twice as long as the sepals, linear-oblong, connate, just above the base. 
Ovaries 5, pilose ; styles very slender. Capsule ^ in., stout, curved, pointed. 

5. It. acuminata, Hook./. ; quite glabrous, leaflets 3-4 pair elliptic or 
elliptic-oblong abruptly caudate-aciuninate finely reticulate on both surfaces 
shining above subglaucous beneath, petiole very slender. Cnestis acuminata, 
Wall. Cat. 8533 (Oonnaracea). 

SiNCAPOBE, Wallich, 

Branches slender. Leaves 2|-6 in. ; petiole quite glabrous, petiolules very short ; 
leaflets 1^-3 by |-1^ in,, thinly coriaceous, brown when dry ; base rounded. Capsule 
^ in. — The specimens are very imperfect- 

** Leaflets very numerous, small, l|-2^ in., sessile, oblong. 

t Leajlets very jnibescent beneath. 

G. n,. rug'OSa, Planch, in Linncea, xxiii. 422 ; branches petioles leaves 
beneath and inflorescence softly pubescent, leaflets 6-9-pairs 1|— 2|- in. oblong 
obtusely acmninate, base cordate, panicles stout, pedicels shorter than the calyx. 
Oonnarus ? rugosus. Wall. Cat. 8o27, Oonnaracea. 

Easterx Peninsula; Sincapore, Wallich. Penang, Porter. IVIalacca, Griffith^ 
Maingay. 

Branches stout, velvety. Leaves 1 ft. ; petiole stout. Leaflets shining above, 
reticulate on both surfaces. Panicles shorter than the leaves. Flowers \ in. diam., 
rosy. Sepals orbicular, pubescent. Petals twice as long, pilose on the back. Capsules 
|-f in., pointed. 

7. R. villosa, Planch, in Linncea, xxiii. 422 ; branches petioles and in- 
florescence softly pubescent, leaflets 12-20 pairs \ in. oblong rounded at the tip 
pilose beneath, panicles slender, pedicels equalling the calyx. 

Tenasserim, at Mergui, Griffith, Heifer.— Distuib. Sumatra. 

Branches rather stout, velvety. Leaves 3-8 in. ; petiole slender ; leaflets faintly 
reticulate and polished above, base oblique subcordate. Panicles shorter than the leaves, 
clothed with dense spreading soft hairs. Flowers ^ in. diam. Sepals orbicular, 
scarcely pilose. Petcds glabrous, linear-oblong, twice or thrice as long as the calyx. 
Capsule i in., curved. 



Bourea.] XLix. connarace^. (J. D. Hooker.) 4,9 

8. It. fulgrens, Planch, in Linn<ea, xxiii. 42.3 ; branches petjoles leaves 
beneath and panicles densely shortly pabesceut, leailets 12-20 pairs in. linear- 
oblong- rounded at the tip base oblique, racemes strict contracted. Connarus 
fulg-ens, (Oonnaracea ?) Wall. Cat. 8524. 

Singapore, Wallich, Maingay. 

Pubescence rusty when dry. Leaves 3-5 in., petiole rather stout; leaflets slightly 
dilated or contracted at the base, opaque, reticulation very obscure. Racemes (very con- 
tracted panicles) axillary, strict, shorter than the leaves; pedicels very short in Jet'd. 
Flowers uot seen. Capsule | in., much curved, obtuse. — I do not see why Wallich 
proposed the trivial name of fulgens for this ; in its dry state it is a remarkably lurid 
plant. 

ft Leaflets glabrous beneath or nearly so. 

9. R. stenopetala, Ilookf. ; petiole and midrib of leaflets beneath pnb:'s- 
cent, leaflets 6-10 pairs |-1 in. obliquely ovate or obo\ ate 2-lobed at the tip, 
racemes very short, pedicels slender. Cuestis storiopetala (misprint for stenope- 
tala), Grif. Notul. iv. 433, t. Gil;/. 2. Roiu*ea No. 23 indescriptii, I'lanch. in 
Linncea, xxiii. 421. 

Tenasserim, at Mergui, Griffith. 

Branches glabrous, branchlets pubescent. Leaves 2-1 in.; petiole slender; 
leaflets contracted cordate and very oblique at the base, shining above and below, 
nerves and reticulations obscure. Racemes apparently almost reduced to fascicles; 
bracts ovate, ferruginous. Sejmls lanceolate, acute, spreading, imbricate, pubescent at 
the tip. Petals linear, very narrow, 2;} times longer than the sepals. Ovaries pilose. — 
The flowers are described from Griffiths' Notulye ; the spreading calyx is anomalous 
in the genus. 

10. n. "^rallicliiana, Planch, in Linnaa, xxiii. 421 ; petioles and panicles 
pubescent, leaflets 15-30 pairs ^-| in. linear-oblong rounded at the tip ij-labrous 
on both surfaces, racemes slender, pedicels equalling or exceeding the calvx, 
flowers ^ in. diara. 
Wall. Cat. Sb'2i5 D. 

Tfjs^asserim and Martaban ; Amherst, Wallich; Tavoy, Gome::; Moulmein, 
Falconer. 

Zeaws 6-10 in. ; leaflets very uniform, always obtuse, ba.se rounded or subeortlate, 
upper surface dark brown hardly shining, lower chocolate brown opaque; norvos faint. 
Racemes slender, much shorter than the leaves, villous, paniculate at the base, pedicels 
very slender, exceeding the calyx. /Sc/)«/5 orbicular, ciliate. Petals |in. long, linear, 
glabrous. Capsule |-§ in. long, curved. — A specimen of this is mixed with Wallieh's 
8526 B. 

11. TL. COTkColOT, BUimc Mas. Pot. i. 2G4; petioles and racemes puboi?- 
cent, leaflets 15-20 pairs ^ in. oblong rounded or refuse at the tip glabmn-s on 
both surfaces, racemes slender, pedicels about equalling the calyx, flowers j-y'^ in. 
diam. R. parvilblia, P/a??oA. m Z/^wrm, xxiii. 420. Conuarus mimosoides, Vahlf 
Wall. Cat. 8526 A.B. ? 0. mimosoides, Jack in Mai. Misc. 2, vii. 44. 

SixcAPORE, Prince; Malacca, Griffith. —Dist. Borneo. 

i?ra7ic^/tf<s finely pubescent. Leaves 2-6 in.; petiole slender; leaflets cordate at 
the base, shining above, chocolate-brown and minutely reticulated beneath. Racemis 
equalling or exceeding the leaves. Flowers the smallest of the Indian species. Sepals 
orbicular. Petals twice as long, linear-oblong. Capsules\-f^ in., pointed. — There is a 
Wallichian specimen in Herb, Benth. under Wall. Cat. 8526 B. with the leaves 
shining beneath. 

12. It. simllis, -B/wme Mus. Pot. i. 264; petioles and racemes pubescent, 
leaflets 8-12 pairs linear-oblong 2-lobed at the tip shining above, very spirsely 



50 XLix. C0NNAEACEJ3. (J. D. Hooker.) [Bourea. 

pu"bescent or glabrate beneath, racemes slender, pedicels equalling the calyx. R. 
sororia and R. parallola. Planch, in Linn<sa, xxiii. 421 ; Connarus mimosoides 
Vahl.J Wall. Cat. 8526 0. 

Eastern Peninsuia, Penang, Porter ; Malacca, Maingay. — Distrib. Sumatra, 
Borneo. 

Branchlets pubescent, Leaves 3-6 in. ; petiole slender ; leaflets cordate at the base, 
usually shining above with raised nerves, or with the nerves obsolete, subglaucous be- 
neath. ^ace?/ies shorter than the leaves. Flowers ^ m. diiam. (Sepals broadly oblong, 
very pubescent. Petalstwice as long. Capsule f in., much curved. 

3. XtOVKXSOPSIS, Planch. 

Trees or shrubs. Leaves odd-pinnate, leaflets few. Flowers in axillary 
panicles, pedicels slender. Sepals oblong, slightly imbricate, somewhat en- 
larged and spreading, but not clasping the base of the capsule. Petals linear- 
oblong. Stamens 10, the alternate longer. Ovaries 5 ; styles slender. Capsule 
linear-oblong, recurved. Seed ovoid, testa thin black arilliform at the base ; 
cotyledons amygdaloid. — Distrib. Species 2, a Javanese and Indian. 

This genus, which (Gen. PI. i. 432) when the fruit was unknown I united with 
Bourea, proves to be exarillate, and I therefore restore it. 

1. It. pubinervis, Planch, in Linncea, xxiii. 424: branchlets petioles and 
nerves beneath finely pubescent, leaflets 3-pairs ovate or elliptic with a con- 
tracted notched tip. Indeterminata, Wall. Cat. 9050. 

Eastern Peninsula, Penang, Porter ; Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

Leaves 4-8 in. ; petioles slender; leaflets, 2-4 in., alternate, petiolulate, base acute ; 
nerves distinct, arched. Panicles or racemes axillary, shorter than the leaves, nearly 
glabrous ; pedicels | in. Flowers | in. diam. Sepals nerved, glabrous, very obtuse. 
Petals strap-shaped, three times as long. Ovaries pubescent. Capsule 1 in,, nearly 
Ktraight. 

4. CONNARUS, Linn. 

Trees or shrubs. Leaves odd-pinnate ; leaflets 5, rarely 3 or more, quite 
entire. Panicles axillary and terminal, branched. Flowers small. Sepals 5, 
deciduous or persistent and clasping the pedicel of the capsule, not accrescent, 
imbricate. Petals 5, linear or ligulate and slightly dilated upwards. Stamens 
10, 5 shorter and sometimes without anthers. Ovaries 5, densely pubescent, 4 
usually imperfect or obsolete, the fifth with a slend^x style, stigma capitellate. 
Capsule oblique, stipitate, inflated, broader upwards ; valves glabrous or pubes- 
cent within. Seeds arillate, testa shining, albumen ; cotyledons amygdaloid. 
—Distrib. Species p-' out 55, all tropical. 

The structure of the flowers is remarkably uniform in all the Indian species which 
are with difficulty distinguished. 

* Valves of the capsule quite glabrous within. Leaves quite glabrous 
beneath in all. Natives of the Western Peninsula, 

1. C monocarpus, Linn.; W. ^ A. Prodr. 143; leaflets elliptic or 
elliptic-lanceolate obtusely acuminate, nerves 3-5 pairs, very slender, filaments 
t^labrous, Cc^psule 1^-2 in. narrow turgid contracted into the stalk, not veined 
nor shining. Planch, in Linncea, xxiii. 425. C. asiaticus, Willd. Sp. PL iii. 692. 
0. pinnatul, Lamk. Encycl. ii. 95 ; 111. t. 572 ; W. 8r A. Prodr. 143 ; Grah. Cat. 
BornJh. PL 35 ; Balz. ^ Gihs. Bomb. Flor. 53. Omphalobium pinnatum, DC. 



Connariis.] XLix. connarace^. (J. D. Hooker.) 51 

Prodr. ii. 86. 0. indicum, GcBrtn. Fruct. i. 217, t. 40, fig. 3; DC. I. c. 85. 
Connaracea, Wall. Cat. 8539, excl. D. — Rheede, Ilort. Mai. vi. t. 24 ? vii. t. 26. 

Western Peninstjla, from the Concan to Travancor. Ceylon, abundant. 

Leaflets 3-4 by I5— If in., glossy above, reticulations faint, quite- glabrous 
Panicles densely pubescent. Flowers \ in. long. Sepals ovate-oblong, sul^acute, 
pubescent. Petals twice as long, slightly pubescent on the back. Longer filaments 
three times as long as the shorter, all antheriferous. Capsule dark-colourod, rounded 
at both sutures, dehiscing tardily, contracted but neither aeute nor apiculato at tlie 
tip. Testa black, shining. Very near the C oligophyllus of Penang, but the capsule 
is quite gUbrous within. —I think there can be no doubt that this, which is clearly 
Lamarck's C. pinnatus, is also Linnaeus's C. monocarpus, which being one of the 
commonest plants in Ceylon, cannot have escaped Burmann's notice. Wight <fe Arnott 
describe it as having a sessile capsule, no doubt from Kheede's figure, wliioh, if it 
belongs to this plant, is a very bad one, also as having a glabrous calyx, which is nut 
the case. 

2. C. Wig'htil, Hook. f. ; leaves elliptic-ovate obtusely pointed, nerves 
5-6 on each side arched slender, capsules H by | in. compressed, base narrowed 
into the stalk shining hardly pointed. Rourea? sclerocarpa, W. ^- A. in 
Wight Cat. 934. (See note under Pongamia, W. ^ A. Prodr. 202.) 

Western Peninsula, Wight ; the Concan, Stocks. 

Leaflets 3-3^ by l^-ll in., coriaceous, hardly shining, finely reticulated, quite 
glabrous. Capsules pale chestnut coloured, shining, rounded, strongly striate; on the 
ventral and dorsal faces, narrowly keeled at the sutures, early dehiscing, p.ile and 
quite glabrous within. — I have described this from a fruiting specimen. The capsule 
resembles that of C. pajiiculatus, but is quite glabrous within. 

3. C. Illtchlel, Hook. f. ; leaflets elliptic-lanceolate obtusely acuminate, 
nerves 5-7 on each side faint, capsule | by ^ in. turgidly oblong rounded at the 
top, base cordate. 

Western Peninsula, the Concan, Stocks ; the Ramghat near Belgaum, Ritchie. 

Leaflets 3-4 by 1^-lf in., finely reticulated, quite glabrous. Panicles rusty- 
pubescent. Flowers crowded, \ in. long. Sepals ovate-oblong. Petals about twice 
long. Capsule quite as broad from suture to suture as across the valves, dark- 
coloured, intruded at the base, which is very rounded, and suddenly contracted into 
the stalk. — The capsule much resembles that of C. latifolius, Wall., but is more 
cordate at the base and larger. 

** Valves of the capsules more or less pubescent or velvety within (un- 
known in C. Griffithii and semidecandrus. 
t Leajlets more or less pubescent beneath. 

4. C. ferrug-ineus, Jack in Mai. Misc. 2, vii. 37; branches panicles 
and leaves beneath densely rusty tomentose, leaflets 7 oblong or oblanceolate 
acimiinate rugose, capsules 2-2^ by \\ in. compressed velvety narrowed into the 
stalk. — Connaracea, Wall. Cat. 8530. 

Eastern Peninsula, Sincapore, Malacca, and Penang, Jack, (fr. 

Densely clothed with rusty velvety tomentum. Leaflets 3-6 by U 2j in., thickly 
coriaceous, rugose, and pubescent above when young, glabrate above 'when old, base 
rounded or subcordate ; petiolules very short and stout ; nerves 6-8 pairs, arched, 
very much sunk above and raised beneath. Panicles shorter than tlio k-ave-i, vt-ry 
stout. Flowers nearly ^ in. long. Sepals oblong. Petals twice as lr>ng, narrowly 
linear-spathulate. Filaments glabrous, shorter, half as long as the others. CapaiiU 
almost woody, readily dehiscing, hardly pointed, densely tomentose, valves finely 
pubescent within. 



62 XLix. cONNARACEiE. (J. D. Hooker.) [Cojinarus. 

6. C G-riffithil, Hook. f. ; branches, petioles, and leaves beneath pubes- 
cent, leaflets ovate- or elliptic-lanceolate acuminate, nerves very indistinct. 

Tenasserim, at Mergui, Griffith. 

Branches slender. Leaflets 3-5 by f-l|- in-, thinly coriaceous, finely pubescent 
with rusty hairs beneath, midrib distinct ; nerves very faint, oblique. Panicles rusty- 
pubescent. Flowers I in. long. Sepals linear-oblong. Petals more than twice as 
long, glabrous, ligulate. Filaments almost glabrous. Capsule unknown. 

6. C. semidecandrus, Jack in Mai. Misc. 2, vii. 39 ; branches, petioles, 
and midrib beneath finely pubescent, leaflets elliptic-oblong acute, thinly cori- 
aceous, not reticulated, nerves 5 pairs very slender. 0. floribundus, TVall. in 
Herh. Linn. Soc. sub 8543.1 

Tenasserim at Mergui, Griffith ; Penang, Wallich, Phillips, <^~c. 

Leaflets pale on both surfaces. Paiiicle much branched, thinly pubescent. Flowers 
^ in. long, white (Wallich). Sepals linear-oblong. Petals more than twice as long, 
narrow, linear-spa thidate, glabrous. Filaments nearly glabrous. Capsule not seen. 

tt Leaflets perfectly glabrous beneath. 

7. C. paniculatus, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 139 ; leaflets 3-7 elliptic- 
oblong, -ovate or -lanceolate with a short or long obtuse point, petals glabrous, 
filaments puberulous, capsules l^-l^ by f-f in. contracted into the stalk 
compressed, seed oblong compressed. ? 0. pentandrus, Roxb. I. c. 140. — 
Connaracea, Wall. Cat. 8540 (excl. E.). 

SiLHET and the Kjhasia Mts., ascending to 2000 ft., Roxburgh, &c. ; Chittagong, 
Roxburgh, H. f. ^ T. 

A large climber ; branches and leaves perfectly glabrous. Leaflets 3-8 by 1-2 in., 
coriaceous, glossy above ; nerves 5-6 pairs, slender, faint, reticulations obscure ; petiole 
stout. Panicle hoary, much branched and spreading. Flowers ^ in. long. Sepals 
linear-oblong, pubescent. Petals more than twice as long, nearly glabrous, linear. 
Longer filaments three times as long as the short ones. Capsule shining, pale, 
deeply striate, finely pubescent within. — I do not see how C. pentandrus, Koxburgh, 
differs except in being described as truly pentandrous. 

8. C. g'ibbosus, Wall, in Herb. Linn. Soc. sub 8541 ; leaflets elliptic- 
oblong or -ovate obtusely acuminate nerves 5-6 pairs, capsules 1 by | in. 
hatchet-shaped compressed with a horizontal beak on the outer edge. Conna- 
racea, Wall. Cat. 8538, B (in part) ? 8540 E, 8541, 8541 B. Sapind. dub. Wall. 
Cat. 8098. 

BiRMA, at Rangoon, McLellatid ; Tenasserim, at Mergui, Griffith, &c. ; Penang, 
Porter ; Malacca, Griffith, Maingay ; Singapore, Wallich. — Distrib. Borneo. 

Leaflets 3-5 by 1^2^ in., quite glabrous ; transverse venules distinct beneath. 
Panicles branched, rather slender. Flowers ^ in. Sepals ovate-oblong. Petals about 
twice as long. Filaments' puberulous. Capsules compressed, broad, veined, with the 
beak, usually very pronounced at the outer edge of the broad top ; valves finely 
pubescent within.— Wallich suggests that this may be Jack's C. lucidus or C. grandis. 

9. C> Cbaxnpionii, Thwaites Enum. 80; leaflets 5-7 elliptic acuminate, 
nerves 5-6 pairs very strong beneath, capsules ^ by f in. semilunar compressed 
narrowed at the base but not distinctly stalked striate glabrous. 

Ceylon ; Central province, ascending to 4000 ft. 

A climbing shrub ; young parts clothed with rusty pubescence. Leaflets 3-5 by 
l3_2i in., thinly coriaceous, polished on both surfaces, reticulate beneath; petiole and 
petiolules slender. Panicles axillary and terminal, 4-6 in., minutely rusty-pubescent. 
Flowers \ in. long. Sepals oblong, hairy. Petals twice as long, linear-obovate, white 
dotted with red, sparsely hairy. Filaments included, glabrous, the longer twice as 
long as the shorter. Capsule apiculate, sutures not keeled ; valves thin with 
scattered hairs within. 



Connarus.] XLix. connarapej:. (J. D, Hooker.) 53 

10. C. latifolius, Wall. Cat. 8537 (by error 6837); leaflets elliptic- 
oblong with contracted obtuse or notched points, capsule | by 3 in. sliortly 
subcylindric very turgid abruptly contracted into the stalk, top rounded scarcely 
apiculate. Oonnaracea ? 8546. 

Martaban, at Moulmein, Wallich. Tenasserim, at Tavoy, Gomez. 

Leaflets 4-7 by Ig—S in., coriaceous, quite glabrous ; nerves 5 pairs, slender, arched, 
reticulations indistinct. Panicles widely spreading. Flowers \ in. long. Cajjsit/es 
with very round tops, and an obscure sublateral point, finely puberulous within. 

11. C. grandis, Jack in Mai. Misc. 2, vii. 40; leaflets 8-14 in. elliptic- 
oblong obtuse or obtusely acuminate thickly coriaceous polished, nerves h-10 
pairs, capsules 2 by f-1 in. contracted into the stalk turgid woody. Planch, in 
Linncsa, xxiii. 429. C. Wallichii, Planch, in Linncea, xxiii. 426. Connaracea, 
Wall. Cat. 8538, A, B (in part). 

Eastern Peninsula, Sincapore and Penaujg, Wallich ; Malacca, Griffith, Main- 
gay ; Tenasseuim or Andaman Islands, Heffer. 

branches and petioles very robust, quite glabrous. Leaflets 3-5, much the largest, 
most coriaceous and polished of the genus, transverse nerves distinct beneath ; petiolules 
short, stout. Panicles spreading, clothed with hoary down. Flowers \ in. long. 
Sepals linear-oblong, obtuse. Petals twice as long, almost glabrous, linear, dilated 
upwards. Filaments puberulous, longer, three times as long as the others. Capsule 
coarsely striated, glabrous, sutures rounded, not keeled or raised. 

12. C. XMCalngrayl, Hook. f. ; leaflets ovate or elliptic-ovate obtusely 
acuminate very coriaceous pale, nerves very faint, capsules 1-1^ by ^ in. elliptic 
or subcylindric, stalk obscure. 

Eastern Peninsula ; Malacca, Maingay. 

Branches rather stout, glabrous. Leaflets 5, 3-5 by 1^2^ in., closely finely rrticu- 
lated, opaque and pale grey on both surfaces. Panicles hoary-pubescent. Flowers 
\ in. long. Sepals small, ovate-lanceolate. Petals three times as long, linrar, with 
black dots, hoary on both surfaces. Capsules, young, 1^ by ^ in., terete, grooved at 
both sutures, top rounded and mucronate, striae quite longitudinal ; old more elliptic ; 
valves woody, velvety within. — Very near and perhaps identical with C. falcaius, 
Blume of Borneo. I find great varieties in the capsules of Maingay's specimens, in 
part I assume depending on age ; the longer are almost straight and subcylindric and 
^ in. diam. ; the shorter are ellipsoid and f in. diam. ; a few are 2^ in. long, curved 
and more distinctly stalked, as in Blnmesfulcatus. 

13. C. ollgropbyllus, Planch, in Linnaa, xxiii. 427 ; leaflets elliptic- 
lanceolate obtusely acimiinate lower 2-3 pairs of nerves prominent beneath, 
panicle hoary-pubescent, capsule l^-l^ by ^ in. fusiform-clavate .symmetrical 
apiculate obscurely stalked grooved on one face. Connaracea, Wall. Cat. tt642 
(in part) and 8539, D (in part). 

Penang, Porter. 

Branches and leaves quite glabrous. Leaflets 5, 4-7 by li-2i in. ; base acute, thinly 
coriaceous, shining on both surfaces, pale red -brown beneath, tHo lowest pair of nerves 
quite basal, the succeeding pairs distant, all very oblique ; petiole and pitioluk-s 
slender. Panicle subpyramidal, nearly black; branches slender, ascending, rufous- 
pubescent. Flowers | in. long. Sepals oblong, obtuse, hoary. Capsules nearl\ .straight, 
dark brown, smooth, striated longitudinally, tip rounded, apiculate ; valves coriaceous, 
finely pubescent withiri.— The sheet of 8039 D. in Wall's Herb, contains three 
fragments of this plant without fruit, one flowering specimen of 8539 A (C paniai- 
latus), and three capsules of the same (glabrous inside). The sheet of 8542 consists 
of flowering specimens of this; and 8542 B. consi.^ts of this and C. parnculatus nr 
monocarpus. The specimen given to Beniham by Wallich is in fine fruit. This 
seems to differ entirely from C. Maingayi in the foliage, large panicle, and sepals. 



54 XLix. CONNARACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) [Gonnarm. 

DOUBTFUL SPECIES. 

C. SPECIES? It .is 5-8 in. elliptic and stout, branches almost "black and very 
polished, nerves 7-8 pair very strong beneath, panicle slender hoary, sepals ovate- 
lanceolate, petals glabrous. — Sincapore or Penang, Walker. 

C. SPECIES ? leaflets as in C. pinnatus, but nerves beneath very strong. — Anamallay 
hills, alt. 3000 ft., Beddome. 

CoNNARUS ? VELUTiNUS, WaU. Cat. 8536, consists of foliage and diseased fruit of 
a Spatholobus, with one capsule of Ellipanihus toTnentosus, H. f. 

CoNNARtJS? Jackiantjs, Wall. Cat. 8552, is Gupania Jackiana, Hiern. 

CoNXARus MiMosoiDES, Vakl Si/77ib. u'l. 87 ; BC. Prodr. ii. 85, from the Nicobar 
Islands is indeterminate from description. 

5. CNZSSTZS, Juss. 

Shrubs or trees. Leaves odd-pinnate ; leaflets many, quite entire. Floivers 
solitary, fascicled or racemed, tomentose, rarely panicled, polygamous or dioe- 
cious, rotate. Sepals 5, valvate or imbricate at the tip, spreading in fruit. Petals 
5, shorter or longer than the calyx. Stamens 10, free. Ovaries 5-7, sessile ; 
styles short, stigmas capitellate. Capsules 1-3, kidney-shaped, cylindric 
curved or waved, pubescent, often villous or clothed with rigid hairs within.- 
Seed exarillate, albumen fleshy ; cotyledons thin. — Distrib. Tropical Asia and 
Africa ; species about 10. 

1. C. ramiflora, Griff. Notul. iv. 432 ; softly tomentose or villous, leaf- 
lets 12-15-pairs linear-oblong, tip rounded obtuse or subacute, base rounded or 
cordate. 0. flaminea, Gnff. I.e. 433, t. 608, f. 2. 0. platantha, Griff. I.e. 434 ; 
Kurz in Jour. As. Soc. Beng. 1870, pt. ii. 75. Oonnarus foliolosus, Jack in Wall. 
Cat. 8529. 0. igneus. Wall. Cat. 8528, (Connaracea). Rourea dasyphylla, Miq. 
Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 528. 

BiRMA, at Amherst, Chappedong and Rangoon, Wallich. Tenasserim, at Mergui, 
Griffith. ]\IouLMEiN and the S. Andamans, Kurz, &c. Penang, Maxacca and 
Singapore, Wallich, Griffith, &c. — Distrib. Sumatra, Philippine Islands. 

A climbing shrub. Branches stout, woody. Leaves 1 ft. ; petiole slender, pube- 
scent ; leaflets subsessile, 1^3 in., sometimes contracted below the middle, glabrous 
and shining above; nerves 6-10 pairs, slender, arched. Panicles axillary, fascicled, 
slender, much shorter than the leaves, densely clothed with pale soft tomentum. Flowers 
S ^ in. diam., rosy, $ smaller. Sepals linear-oblong, obtuse. Petals shorter in the 
$ , longer in the $ , linear-oblong, obtuse or emarginate, glabrous. Filaments slender, 
glabrous. Ovaries 5-7 (usually 6, Griffith), hirsute ; styles short. Capsules 1-3 in. 
long, sessile, falcate, enlarged and tumid above the middle, obtuse, woody, rugged ; 
valves thickly woody, velvety within. S^cd short, broad, compressed, testa thin. — 
I think there can be no doubt but that this answers to the three species of Cnestis 
described by Griffith and cited above, though his names are not attached to any of 
his specimens. It has been distributed as Cnestis foliolosus and C. igneus, Planch. 
MSS. in Herb. Hook. 

6. TSSNIOCKZiJENa, Hook. f. 

A rambling shrub. Leaves odd-pinnate, glabrous ; leaflets 5, quite entire. 
Panicles axillary, short. Flowers hermaphrodite. Calyx-tube short, hemispheric, 
segments 5, enlarged and revolute in fruit, valvate. Petals 5, much exceeding 
the calyx. Stamens 10, alternately shorter, nearly free at the base. Ovaries 6, 



Tceniochlcena.'] xlix. connarace;e. (J. D. Hooker.) 55 

sessile ; styles short, stigmas discoid. Capsules 1-3, ovoid, compressed, pubes- 
cent ; valves glabrous within. Seed oblong, arillate ; albumen ; cotyledons 
plano-convex. 

1. T. Griffithil, Ilook.f. in Benth. 8f Hook. Gen, PL i. 434. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

Branc/ies rathev slender, quite glabrous. Leaflets 3-7 hy 1^3 in., sometimes almost 
or"bicular, base usually cordate, shining above and beneath, nerves 3-5 pairs, arched ; 
petiolules very short. Racemes 2-3 in., fascicled, densely pubescent, slender. Flowers 
rotate, ^ in. diam. Sepals oblong, pubescent, recurved in flower. Petals twice as long, 
linear, dilated upwards, glabrous. Filaments short, subulate. Capsules ^-3, ;^-l in., 
obtuse, densely pubescent, valves coriaceous. Seed short, slightly compressed, testa 
black. 



7. Z:i.X.ZPANTKUS, Hook. f. 

Trees or shrubs. Leaves with 1 leaflet, quite entire. Racemes axillarv, 
short. Flowers hermaphrodite or polygamous. Sepals 5, not enlarged in fruit, 
suberect, valvate. Petals 5, longer than the sepals, oblong-lanceolate, den.sely 
pubescent. Stamens 10, 5 sliorter, without anthers, filaments short subulate 
connate at the base. Ovary 1, strigose ; style short. Capsule stalLed, oblique. 
velvety ; valves glabrous within. Seed arillate, albumen ; cotyledons plano- 
convex. — DisTRiB. Malayan Peninsula and Islands. 

* Leaves glabrous beneath or nearly so. . 

1. E. Thwaitesii, Hooh.f. ; leaflet elliptic obtusely caudate-acuminate, 
capsule curved into a semicircle beaked densely closely pubescent. Connarus 
unifoliatus, Thivaites Enum. 80 and 410. 

Ceylox, Central Province, at 3-4000 ft. Thvjaites 

A moderate sized tree ; branches slender, black. Leaflet 2-3| by 1 -1| in., reticu- 
late ; petiole and petiolule :f-| in., slender. i?acf?we5 4-T-flowered, pubescent, bracts 
deciduous-. Flowers subdioecious, :|- in. diam., green. Sepals acute. Petals twice as 
long. Capsule 1| in. long, compressed, woody. 

2. E. Kelferi, Hook. f. ; leaflet elliptic-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate 
acuminate, nerves 5-7 pairs strong beneath. 

Tenasserim or Andaman Islands ; Heifer. — Distrib. Borneo. 

Branches slender, black. Leaves 4-7 by 11-2^ in., very variable in length and 
breadth, thinly coriaceous, with slight pubescence on the petiole and midrib bontvith : 
petiole slender, | in. Racemes 5— j in., pubescent. Flower-buds, \ in. long. Fruit 
unknown. 

3. E. calophyllus, Kurz Andam. Rep. Apfiend. B. 6 ; and in Beng. As. 

Soc. Jour. 1^7'2, ii. 305 ; leaflet ovate ovate-lanceolate or elliptic long-acmui- 
nate quite glabrous, nerves G-7 pairs very slender. 

Andaman Islands, Kiirz. 

A tree 20-30 ft. ; shoots and buds pubescent. Leaflet 5-7 by 2-2.^ in., coriaceous, 
finely reticulated, gradually narrowed to the o1)lusely acuminate tip, pale; petiole 
slender, f-1 in. Racemes \ \n., ^anscXy pubescent. Petals ^ in., densely pubct-crnt, 
linear-oblong. Capsules ^-1 in., obovoid or ellipsoid, subacute, densely velvety ; valves 
woody, glabrous within. — The description of the petals and inside of the capsule is 
taken from Kurz. 



56 XLix. CONNAEACE^. (J. D. Hooker.) [JEllijpantlius. 

** Leaves pubescent or tomentose beneath, 

4. ZS. toxnentosus, Kurz in Jour. As. Soc. Beng. 1870, pt. ii. 305 ; 
leaflet elliptic ovate or orbicular obtuse acute or obtusely acuminate densely 
pubescent beneath, nerves 6-8 pairs very slender. Oonnarus ? mouophyllus, 
Wall. Cat. 8551 (Oonnaracea). 

Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasseeim, Wallich., &c. — Distrib. Siam. 

Branches densely tomentose with fulvous hair. Leaflets 4-6 by 2-3| in., usually ellip- 
tic or elliptic-lanceolate, but often broader and sometimes quite orbicular, coriaceous, 
glabrous, shining and very finely reticulated above; petiole ^^ in. Bacemes ^m., 
densely tomentose. Flowers j in. diam. Sepals obtuse. Petals twice as long, oblong, 
obtuse. FilaTtients h-Aivy. Ovary strigose. Copsw/e 1^ in. (2 in., Kurz), semicircular 
or obovoid, contracted into the stout stalk, obtuse, apiculate, densely velvety, sutures 
rounded, valves woody, glabrous within. 

5. E. G-riffitliii, Hook. f. ; leaves ovate-lanceolate caudate-acuminate 
rusty-pubescent beneath, nerves 8-10 pairs strong beneath. 

Maxacca, Griffith. — Distrib. Borneo. 

Branches slender, rusty pubescent or tomentose. Leaflet 4-5 by l|-2 in., coria- 
ceous, glabrous and shining above, tomentose chiefly on the nerves beneath ; petiole 
^-^ in. ■ Bacemes ^ in., few-flowered. Capsules f in. long, curved, semicircular, beaked, 
densely clothed with rusty velvety tomentum, stalk very short, valves woody, glabrous 
within. 

Order L. Z.EGU1»ZZN0SH:. (By J. G. Baker, FX.S.) 

Herbs, shrubs, or trees. Leaves stipulate and usually alternate, pinnate or 
digitate or simple, often stipellate, sometimes with the rachis ending in a tendril. 
Lvflorescence axillary leaf-opposed or terminal, usually simply racemose or 
panicled ; bracts and bracteoles usually both present. Flowers usually irre- 
gular, hermaphrodite, rarely regular or polygamous. Sepals 5, combined or free, 
often unequal, sometimes combined into two lips. Peiafe 5, rarely fewer by 
arrest, usually free and unequal. Stamens normally ten, perigynous or almost 
hypogynous, rarely fewer by arrest or indefinite ; filaments free or variously com- 
bined. Anthers 2-celled, the dehiscence almost always longitudinal. Ovary 
free ; style simple, cylindrical, usually declinate ; stigma capitate, terminal 
or oblique. Ovules one or more on the ventral suture. Fruit usually dry, a pod 
splitting open along both sutures, sometimes continuous and indehiscent, at 
others separating into 1-seeded joints. Seeds usually exalbuminous ; cotyledons 
foliaceous or amygdaloid, with a straight or inflexed accmnbent radicle. — 
Distrib. One of the moat cosmopolitan of natural orders, the second largest of 
flowering plants, containing -between 6000 and 7000 known species. Of the 
three suborders it is only the first that is cosmopolitan, the two others not 
reaching beyond the tropical and warm temperate zones. 

SiTBORDER I. PAPILIONACE^. Coro//a papilionaceous. Pe^a/s irregular, 
imbricated, the uppermost (standard) outermost, the four others in two opposite 
pairs. Stamens definite. 

Tribe I. PodalyriesD. Stamens free. Fod dehiscent. Leaves digitate. 

Shrub with connate stipules 1. Piptanthus. 

Herbs with free stipules ........ 2. Thermopsis. 

Tribe II. G-enisteee. Stamens monadelphous. Fod dehiscent, not jointed. 

Leaves simple or digitately 3-foliolate. 



I. . lEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) 



57 



Anthers uniform. Keel petals scarcely cohering. 



** Anthei's dimorphous. Keel petals Jirmly cohei-ing. 

Leaflets entire, subsessile. 
Keel obtuse. 

Calyx 2-lipped 

Calyx subequally 6 -toothed 

Keel beaked. 
Pod flattened, 

flowers solitary in axils of leaves 

Flowers in terminal racemes .... 

Pod turgid 

Leaflets toothed, stalked 



3. ROTHIA. 



4. ARGYnOLOBIUM. 
6. LOTONONIS. 



6. Heylandia. 

7. Priotropis. 

8. Crotalaria. 

9. Ononis. 



Tribe III. Trifolieae. Stamem diadelphous. Pod usually dehiscent, not 
jointed. Leaves digitately or pinnately 3-foliolate j leaflets usually toothed. 



* Leaves digitately S-foliolate. 

Petals persistent, adnate to the staminal tube 
Petals caducous, free from the staminal tube 



10. Trifolium. 

11. Paeochetus. 



** Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate. 

Pod elongated, straight or recurved 

Pod short, round, or oblong 

Pod falcate or spiral ...... 

Tribe IV. XiOtese. Stamens diadelphous. 
Leaves pinnately 6-foliolate ; leaflets entire. 



12. Trigonella. 

13. Mklilotus. 

14. Mebicago. 



Pod dehiscent, not jointed. 



Tribe V. Galeg'ese. Stamens usually diadelphous. 
jointed. Leaves imparipinnate ; leaflets entire. 

* Anthers apiculate. Hairs fixed hy the centre. 

Stamens monadelphous . 

Stamens diadelphous 



15. Lotus. 
Pod dehiscent, not 



16. Cyamopsis. 

17. Indigofeka. 



** Anthers obtuse. Hairs hamfixed. 

Pod 1 -seeded, indehiscent. Leaves glaad-dotted . 
Pod few- or many-seeded, subindehiscent or late in dehiscing, 
Filaments filiform. 

Pod membranous, inflated 

Pod woody or very firm 

Filaments dilated 

Pod many-seeded, soon dehiscing. 

Flowers mostly in leaf-opposed racemes . 
Flowers mostly in axillary racemes. 

Pod very long, distinctly septate .... 
Pod linear or oblong, not septate. 

Calyx very oblique 

Calyx not oblique. 

Keel very short, obtuse 

Keel long, obtuse 

Keel long, appendiculate . . . • 



18. PSORALEA. 

19. COLUTEA. 

20. MUXETTIA. 

21. MuNDULi:iA. 

22. Tepheosia. 

23. Sesbania. 

24. Caeagana. 

25. guldenst.bdtia. 

26. Astragalus. 

27. oxytbopis. 



58 



L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 



Tribe VI. KedysareaB. 

jointed if more than 1-seeded. 

* Leaves exstipellate. 

Stamens monadelphous ; anthers uniform. 
Leaflets 1-3. Flowers in a lax raceme 
Leaflets 3. Flowers in a dense head 

Leaflets 4 

Leaflets many ....... 

Stamens diadelphous (9 and 1) ; anthers uniform. 
Ovule solitary. Pod 1 -jointed .... 

Ovules few. 

Spiny shrub, with simple leaves 
Herbs with imparipinnate leaves. 

Pod distinctly jointed . ' . ' . 

Pod marked only by faint transverse lines 
Stamens monadelphous ; anthers dimorphous. 
Joints of pod 2-6, muricated .... 

Joints of pod 1-2, rugose .... 

Stamens in two bundles of 5 each ; anthers uniform. 
Pod twisted inside the calyx .... 

Pod straight exserted from the calyx 

Calyx 2-lipped 

Calyx 5 -toothed ...... 



Stamens diadelphous or monadelphous. 
Leaves odd-pinnate. 



Pod 



28. Taverntera.. 

29. Ebenus. 

30. Geissapsis. 

31. Onobrtchis. 



32. Lespedeza. 

33. Alhagi. 

34. Hedysarum. 

35. Stracheya. 

36. ZORNIA. 

37. Stylosanthes. 

38. Smithia. 



39. ^schynomene. 

40. Ormocarptjm. 



** Leaves stipellate. (Stamens in all 9 and 1 ; anthers uniform.) 

Ovary 1-ovuled. 

Pacemes terminal, capitate . . . ... 41. Leptodesmta. 

Racemes axillary, lax 42. Eleiotis. 

Ovules several. Pod not distinctly jointed. 

Pod turgid , . . .43. Pycnospora. 

Pod flat 44. Pseud ARTHRiA. 

Ovules 2 or more. Pod distinctly jointed. 

Pod twisted up so that the joints are brought face to face. 

Calyx accrescent ; teeth lanceolate . . . .45. Lourea. 

Calyx not accrescent ; teeth setaceous . , , .46. Uraria. 
Pod not twisted up. 

Joints turgid .47. Alysicarpus. 

Joints flattened. 

Pedicel abruptly inflexed at the tip . . . . 48. Mecopus. 
Pedicel not inflexed. 

Racemes in fascicles from the old wood . . .49. Ocqeinia. 
Ivacemes simple or panicled from the year's shoots . 60. Desmoditjm. 

Tribe VII. Viciese. 

Pod dehiscent, not jointed, 
or bristle. 

Shrubs with the tenth stamen absent . 
Herbs with diadelphous stamens (9 and 1). 
Leaflets toothed .... 
Leaflets entire. 

Tube of stamens oblique at mouth 
Tube of stamens truncate at mouth 



Stamens diadelphous (the tenth abortive in Abrus). 
Leaves equally pinnate ; petiole ending in a tendril 



51. Abrus. 

52. CiCEB. 



53. ViciA. 

54. Lathyrus. 



Tribe VIII. Phaseolese. Stamens monadelphous or diadelphous. Pod 
dehiscent, not jointed. Climbing, rarely erect herbs or shrubs, ^yit]l pinnately 
3-foliolate leaves. 



L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 69 

Subtribe I. Gltcinile. Leaves not gland-dotted ; leaflets stipellate. Nodes 
of racemes not tumid. Floivers small. Petals about equal iu length. Style 
beardless. 

* Stamens diadelphous. Stipules and bracts conspicuous persistent. 

Style filiform. Calyx-teeth distinct. 

SUindard spurred. Flowers dimorphic .... 5/>. Amphicaep.«a. 

Standard not spurred. . Flowers uniform .... 56. Shuteria. 
Style flattened upwards. Calyx truncate . . .57. Dumasia. 

** Stamens monadelphctas. Stipules and bracts minute caducous. 

Anthers uniform, all fertile 58. Glycixe. 

Alternate anthers abortive 59. Teramnus. 

Subtribe II. ERYTHRiNEiE. Leaves not gland-dotted; leaflets stipellate. 
Nodes of racemes tumid. Floivers conspicuous. Petals very unequal. Style 
beardless. 

Keel exceeding the wings and standard. 

Anthers dimorphous 60. Mvcuna. 

Anthers uniform 61. Apios. 

Standard exceeding the keel and wings . . . .62. Euythrina. 
Standard and keel equal ; wings short 63. Strongylodon 

Subtribe III. Galactie^. Leates not gland-dotted ; leaflets stipellate. 
Nodes of racemes tumid. Petals equal. Style beardless. 

* Stamens diadelphous. 

Herbs. 

Two upper calyx-teeth not fused . . . . .64. Grona. 
Two upper calyx-teeth fused into one. 

Keel nearly straight 65. Galactia. 

Keel semicircular &Q. Cochllanthus. 

Shrubs. 

Pod l-seedei1, not winged. 

Flowers small, panicled 67. SpATiioLOBrs. 

Flowers large, racemose .68. Butea. 

Pod many-seeded, winged . 69. Mastebsia. 

*• Stamens monadelphoiis. 

Upper lip of calyx projecting 70. Canavaiia. 

Upper teeth of calyx not projecting. 

Pod oblong, turgid, 1-2-seeded 71. Bioclka. 

Pod linear, flat, many-seeded 72. Pueraria. 

Subtribe IV. EuPHASEOLEiE. Leaves not gland-dotted. Stamens diadel- 
phous. Style bearded below the stigma. 

* Stigma oblique. 

Keel spiral . . . 73. PHASPXJLrs. 

Keel not spiral. Style filiform 74. Viona. 

Keel not spiral. Style flat upwards 75. Pachyrhizts. 

** Stigma terminal. 

Petals very unequal in length 76. Ct-itoria. 

Petals equal in length. Pod flattish 77. Doi.ichos. 

Petals equal in length. Pod square, 4-wingcd . . .78. Psophocabpus. 

VOL. n. c 



60 L. LEGUMINOS.E. (J. G. Baker.) 

Subtribe V. Cajane^e. Leaves gland-dotted below ; stipellfe often abortive. 
Nodes of raceme not tumid. Style not bearded. 

* Ovules 3 or more. 

Pod -with* depressed lines between each seed.- 

Seeds with a large grooved aril ..... 79. Atyxosia. 

Aril absent 80. Cajaitos. 

Pod without depressed lines between the seeds . . .81. Dujtbaria. 

** Ovules 1-2. 

Calyx-teeth accrescent 82. Cylista. 

Calyx-teeth not accrescent. 

Funiculus at the end of the hilum . ... . .83. Eriosema. 

Funiculus centric on the hilum. 

Leaves pinnate. Pod compressed ..... 84. EHrs-CHOSiA. 

Leaves digitate. Pod turgid 85. Flemingia. 

Tribe IX. Dalberg'iese. Stamens monadelphous or diadelphous. Pod 
continuous, indehiscent. Leaves odd-pinnate. 

* Leaflets distinctly alternate. 

Flowers small, white or reddish 86. Dalbergia. 

Flowers large, yellow 87. Pterocarpus. 

** Leaflets opposite. 

Pod flat, almost woody, wingless 88. Pongamia. 

Pod flat, thin, firm, winged down one or both sutures . . 89. Derris. 
Pod round, subdrupaceous 90. Euchresta. 

Tribe X. Soplioreae. Stamens free. Poc? not jointed. ie«ves odd-pinnate, 
rarely simple. 

Leaves simple. Bract and bracteoles large, opposite, per- 
sistent 91. Dalhousiea. 

Leaves odd-pinnate. Bracts and bracteoles small, caducous. 
Stigma terminal. 

Pod moniliform . . . . . . . .92. Sophora. 

Pod equal, flat, membranous 93. Calpurnia. 

Stigma oblique. 

Pod indehiscent, flattish, narrowly winged . . .94. Pericopsis. 
Pod turgid, dehiscent, fleshy or coriaceous . . . 95. Ormosia. 

Suborder II. C/ESALPINLEjE. Petals imbricate, slightly unequal, the 
upper innermost in bud. Stainens definite. 

Tribe XI. Zauceesalpinleae. Leaves ample, abruptly bipinnate. 

* Calyx-disk sub-basal ; sepals imbricated. 

Sutures of pod not winged 96. Cjesalpinia. 

Both sutures of pod winged 97- Peltophorum. 

Upper suture of pod winged . . .... 98. Mezoneuron. 

Pod samaroid 99. Pterolobium. 

* * Calyx-disk sub-basal ; sejyals valvate. 

Pod thin, flat 100. Poincia,na. 

Pod turgid, moniliform . 101. Parj^insonia. 



L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 
••• Calyx-disk placed considei'obly above the hose. 

See also Mezoneuron, § Tuhicalyx. 



61 



102. Waoatea. 



Tribe XII. CasslesB. Leaves simply pinnate. Calyx-tube short; disk 
ubbasal. 

'etals 5. Anthers mostly dehiscing by a terminal pore . 103. Cassia. 

'etals 5. Anthers dehiscing longitudinally . . . 104. Cynometra, 

'etal 1. Stamens diadelphous (9 and 1 ) .... 105. Sindora. 
'etals none. 

Stamens 2. Leaves unequally pinnate . . . .106. Dialium. 
Stamens 10. Leaves equally pinnate. 

Sepals usually 6 107. Hardwickia. 

Sepals 4 108. Chudia. 



Tribe XIII. Amlierstleee 

prolonged calyx-tube. 

etals none 

etals 3-5. 

Stamens diadelphous (9 and 1) 

Stamens monadelphous, only 3 developed . 

Stamens 5, free, equal . . . . 

Stamens 3-8, free 



Leaves equally pinnate. Disk at the top of 
' . .109. Saraca. 



110. Amherstia. 

111. Tamarindus. 

112. humboldtia. 

113. Afzelia. 



Tribe XIV. Bauhlnleee. 



Leaves simple, mostly deeply 2-lobed. 
114. Bauhinia. 



Stjborder III. MIMOSE^. Petals regular, valvate, usually united above 
he base. Stamens definite or indefinite. 

Tribe XV. XttimoseaB. Stamens definite, usually ten. 
* Anthers atjirst gland-crested. 
lerbs with flowers in round heads 



'ree with flowers in round heads 
hrubs or trees with flowers in spikes. 
Climber with tendrils 
Erect without prickles . . 
Erect prickly. 
Pod turgid with a thick mesocarp 
Pod thin, coriaceous, finally twisted 
Pod long, thin, flat 

•• Anthers not gland-crested. 

tamens 10. 

Calyx-teeth imbricate. Stamens monadelphous 
Calyx-teeth valvate. Stamens free. 
Pod ligulate, coriaceous, continuous. 
Undershrub with clavate stigma 
Tree with capitate stigma 

Pod jointed 

tamens 6 



115. Neptunia. 

116. Xylia. 

117. Ektada. 

118. Adenanthera. 

119. Prosopis. 

120. DiCHROSTACHYS. 

121. PiPTADENIA. 



122. Pakkia. 



123. Dbshantuus. 

124. Lkuc^na. 

125. Mimosa. 

126. AcROCABPua. 



Tribe XVI. AcaoleaB. 

tamens free . . • 



Stamens indefinite. 



127. AcacijL 



02 L. LEGUMINOS-E. (J. G. Baker.) [Piptanthus. 

Stamens monadelphous. 
Leaves bipinnate. 

Pod thin, ligulate, the sutures not thickened . . . 128. Albizzia. 
Pod large, turgid, oblong, indehiscent, the sutures not 

thickened 129. Serianthes. 

Pod rather falcate, the sutures much thickened . .130. Caxliandra. 

Pod circinate 131. Pithecolobium. 

Leaves simply pinnate 132. Inga. 



1. PZPTANTHUS, D. Don. 

A shrub. Leaves digitately 3-foliolate. Flowers racemed, bracteate. 
Calyx-tube campanulate ; teeth equal, Janceolate. Corolla three times the calyx ; 
petals all with long" claws ; standard orbicular, erect, margins reflexed ; wings 
obovate ; keel-petals obovate-oblong, connate down the back, slightly incurved. 
Stamens free ; anthers uniform. Ovary linear, stalked, do"^vny, 6-lG-ovulate ; 
style filiform, incurved ; stigma minute terminal. Pod linear, flattened, con- 
tinuous within. — DiSTRiB. A single endemic species. 

1. P. nepalensis, Z). Don in Sweet, Brit. Flower Gard. t. 264; Brand. 
For. Flor. 132. Thermopsis nepaulensis, DC. Prodr. ii. 99. T. laburnifolia, 
Don Prodr. 239. Baptisia? nepalensis. Hook. Exot. Flor. t. 13L Anagyris 
nepalensis, Crvah. in Wall. Ca^. 5340. A. indica, Lindl. in Traits. Sort. Soc. 
vii. 245. 

Temperate Himalaya, from Simla to Bhotax, alt. 7-9000 ft. 

A shrub 6-10 feet high ; habit of the laburnum ; branches downy. Stipules small, 
connate, amplexicaul ; petiole 1 in. or less ; leaflets glabrescent, lanceolate, 2-4 in., 
narrowed to both ends. Ftowers 12-20 in subdense racemes ; bracts large, de- 
ciduous ; bracteoles 0. Calyx downy, deciduous from the base. Corolla yellow, above 
1 in. long. Pod 2-5 in., S-lO-seeded. 



2. TKERIVZOPSZS, R. Br. 

Perennial herbs. Leaves stipulate, 3-foliolate ; bracts large, leafy, free 
Floivers showy, usually yellow, racemed. Calyx-tube turbinate; teeth lanceo- 
late; two upper more or less connate. Petals all long-clawed ; standard orbicu- 
lar, sides reflexed ; wings obovate ; keel-petals obovate-oblong, faintly joined 
down the back. Stamens free ; anthers uniform. Ovary linear, sessile or 
stalked, oc-ovidate ; style filiform, incurved ; stigma minute terminal. Pod 
turgid, linear or oblong, straight or falcate, continuous within. — Distkib. 
Species 12, China, Japan, N. America. 

1. T. barbata, Royle III. 196, t. 32, fig. 1 ; densely shaggy, leaflets 
oblanceolate, coroUa deep purple, pod linear-oblong. Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4868. 
Anagyris barbata, Grrah. in Wall. Cat. 6341. 

Temperate and Subalpine Himalaya, from Eashmeb and Kunawae to Sikkim, 
ascending to 11,000 ft. 

Rootstock woody. Stems 1 ft. or more, copiously branched dichotomously. Leaves 
sessile, subglabrescent, often opposite ; stipules just like the leaflets in texture and 
shape. Flowers 6-12, short-stalked, opposite or ternate. Calyx shaggy, like the 
leaves, 3 lower teeth twice the tube. Corolla 1 in. long, 
broad, 1-6 -seeded. 



Thermopsis.] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 63 

2. T. Inflata, Camb. in Jacquem. Voy. Bof. iv. 34, t. 39 ; finely downy, 
leaflets obovate-cuneate, corolla yellow, pod broad-oblong. Bervth. in Hook. 
Land. Joum. ii. 431. 

Htmat.ayas of Tibet and Kunawar, alpine region, alt. 15-17,000 ft. 

General habit of the ir.st, but not more than half a foot high. Rootstock woody, 
widely creeping. Leaves sessile ; leaflets fleshy, glaucous, i-^ in. Stipules like the' 
leaflets in shape and texture. RaceTnes close, 6-10 -flowered. Flowers short-stalkod, 
in twos or threes. Calyx finely silky, the three lower teeth as long as the tube! 
Fod short-stalked, 6-10-seeded, oblong, an inch or more thick, more membranous and 
flexible than in 2'. barbata, and dehiscing less readily. 



3. XIOTKXA, Pars. 

DiflFiise annuals. Leaves, petioled, digitately 3-foliolate. Flowers copious, 
minute, in the axils of the leaves. Calyx-tube turbinate, the teeth as lono- as 
the tube, the two upper broader and arched. Corolla scarcely exserted, all the 
petals narrow, nearly straight, distinctly unguiculate, those of the keel scarcely 
3ohering. Filaments united in a tube which is slit along the top ; anthers 
uniform, minute. Ovary sessile, linear, oo-ovulate ; style short, straight, fili- 
form, stigma capitate minute. Pod linear, slender, nearly straight, compressed, 
continuous within. — Distrib. Two species, the other Trop. African. 

1. R. trifollata, Pers ; DC. Prodr. ii. 382 ; Wall. Cat. 6821 ; Wt. 8f 
Am. Prodr. 195 ; Wight Lc. t. 199. Lotus indicus, Desr. in Lam. Enc. ill. 
306. Trigonella indica, Linn. ; Roxb. Fl. Lnd. iii. 389. Dillwynia trifoliata, 
Roth Cat. iii. 71. Glycine leptocarpa, G?'ah. in Wall. Cat. SSls. Hosackia 
indica, Grah. in Wall." Cat. 5940. 

Tbopicax Plains from Bitndelkund to Ceylon. — Disteib. Australia. 

A copiously-branched diffuse annual with slender stems a foot or more long. 
Stipules free, minute, ^-lunate, persistent ; petioles shorter than the leaflets ; leaflets 
Dblanceolate-oblong, obtuse, minutely mucronate, rather fleshy, silky, ^-1 in. long. 
Flowers 1-4, on short pedicels in the axils of most of the leaves. Calyx silky, 
|-| in. Corolla inconspicuous, fugacious. Pod 1^-2 in., silky. Seeds 20 or more. 



4. AXlGVROZaOBZUZIX, Fckl. 8f Zeyh. 

Herbs or shrubs. Leaves digitately 3-foliolate ; stipules free. Flowers 
yellow, in terminal or leaf-opposed racemes or umbels. Calyx 2-lipped, slit 
Qearly to the base, with (in Indian species) 5 distinct teeth, 2 to the upper, 
5 to the lower lip. Corolla scarcely if at all exserted ; standard roundish ; 
wings oblong ; keel-petals broad, joined down the back to the obtuse incurved 
tip. Stamens monadelphous ; anthers dimorphous. Ovary linear, sessile, 
OD-ovuled ; style elongate, filiform, curved gradually upwards inside the keel, 
Jtigma minute oblique. Pod linear, straight, continuous within, compressed, 
3ubtorulose. — Distrib. Species 40-50, mostly South Afi' an. 

1. A. flaccidum, Jaub. ^ Spach in Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. ii. xix. 48; 
terminal leaflet lanceolate acute, upper lip of calyx as long as lower, 4 upper 
teeth deltoid, lowest subulate. Benth. in Hook. Lond. Joum. iii. 350. Oytisus 
flaccidus, Royle III. 197. Glycine ? flaccida, Wall. Cat. 5517. A. divaricatum, 
Jaub. (^ Spach. loe. cit. ; HI. PL Orient, i. 116. 



64 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Argyrolohium. 

TaoPiCAi, and Temperate tracts of north-west India, ascending from the plains to 
9000 ft. 

A shrub with very slender diffuse branches reaching 12-18 in. high. Stipules 
minute, linear, persistent ; petioles much shorter than the leaves ; leaflets pale, silky, 
subequal, lanceolate, acute, \~ in. long. Flowers 1-6 in leaf-opposed racemes on 
peduncles that exceed the leaves.- Calyx i-i in. ; teeth shorter than the limb. Pod 
densely silky, G-S-seeded, | in. broad. — Cytistis latiguinosus, Boyle MSS., is a form 
with more densely silky vestiture. 

2. A. roseuin, Jaub. 8f Spach. in Ann. Sc. Nat. ser. ii. xix. 51 ; end leaflet 
obovate-cuneate very obtiise, upper lip of calyx shorter than lower^ teeth all 
lanceolate. Oytisus roseus, Camb. in Jacq. Voy. Bot. iv. 35, t. 40. A. ornithopo- 
dioides, Jauh. ^' Spach, loc. cit. ; ///. PL Orient, i. 116. A. Kotschyi, Boiss. 
Diagn. vi. 32. 

Tropicax and Subtemperate tracts of the north-west, ascending from the plains 
to 7000 ft. in Ktjmaon. — Distrib. Persia. 

General habit of A. flaccidum, but nearly or quite glabrous. Stipules the same : 
petioles as long as or shorter than the leaves ; leaflets i-| in. long, often nearly as 
broad, point truncate or emarginate. Peduncles 1-4-flowered, exceeding the leaves. 
Calyx \ in., glabrous ; teeth of upper lip exceeding limb. Corolla yellow tinged with 
red ; standard longer than upper lip of calyx. Pod glabrous, 10-15-seeded, ^ in. 
broad. — A. trigonelloides, J. ^ S., with a similar habit, but a shorter flatter pod with 
much fewer seeds, will probably be found in Scinde. 



5. XiOTOZrONZS, DO. 

Herbs or shrubs with digitately trifoliolate leaves, stipules connate or free, 
flowers in terminal or leaf-opposed racemes or imibels. Calyx-tube narrow- 
turbinate ; lowest tooth deeper than the other 4. Corolla little exserted ; 
standard very narrow ; wings shorter and still narrower ; keel longer, suddenly 
incurved at the tip, its petals firmly joined along the back. Stamens united in 
a tube slit along' the top ; anthers dimorphous. Ovary sessile, linear, oo-ovulate ; 
style abruptly incm-ved at the base, stigma minute oblique. Pod linear, 
usually compressed, but in our species turgid. — Distrib, Species 60, nearly all 
restricted to South Africa. 

1. Zi. Iieobordea, Benth. in HooTc. Zand. Joum. ii. 607. Leobordea 
lotoides, Delile Fragm. PI. Arab. 23, tab. 1. 

Scinde ; between the plains and Rohill pass. Stocks. Punjab ; Peshawiu-, Stewart. 
Distrib. Through the desert region to Algeria, Abyssinia and the Cape. 

A much-branched finely silky diffuse annual, \ ft. or less high. Stipules minute 
lanceolate, deciduous ; petiole as long as leaf; leaflets oblanceolate, rather fleshy, obtuse, 
minutely mucronate, ^ in. Flowers 1-5, subsessile in axils of most of the leaves. 
Calyx silky, g— in. Corolla pale yellow or red, scarcely exserted. Pod linear-oblong, 
turgid, 4-8-seeded, scarcely exserted. 



6. KEYZiANDZA, DO. 

Calyx-tube turbinate ; teeth lanceolate, three lowest deepest. Corolla much 
exserted ; standard large, round ; wings much smaller, obovate ; keel-petals 
narrow, joined along the back, narrowed into an incurved beak. Stamens 
united in a tube slit aboye ; anthers dimorphous. Ovary sessile, 2-ovulate ; style 



Heylandia.'] L. leguminos^e. (J. G. Baker.j 65 

elongated filiform abruptly incurved at the base ; stigma terminal. Pod oblon"', 
flat, l-2-8eeded. — Distkib. A single endemic species. 

1. K. latebrosa, DC. Mem. Leg. 201 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 180; Dah. ^ 
Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 64. Hedysarum latebrosuiu, Linn. Mant. 270. II. lei<)car])a 
DC. loc. cit.; Wall. CnCbM)l. Hallia hirta, Willd. Sp. PI. iii. 1169. Cn>^ 
talaria uniflora, Kocn. in Roxb. Fl. Lnd. iii. 271. Heylandia hebecarpa, DC. 
loc. cit. t. 34. Goniogyna hebecarpa, leiocarpa and latebrosa, DC. in Ann. -SV-. 
Nat ser. 1. iv. 91. 

EveryAvhere in the tropical region from the Ganobtic plain and Scinde to Ceylon. 

A prostrate more or less silky much-branched herb. Leaves close-set. alternate, 
simple, subsessile, cordate-ovate, i-^ in. long, more produced in the lower half. 
Flowers in the axils of most of its leaves, subsessile, solitary. Corolla yellow, 
\-~ in. Pod silky, — in. long. 



7. PRIOTROPZS, W. & A. 

Cohfx-tube campanulate ; teeth subequal. Corolla much exserted ; standard 
roundish ; wings obovate-oblong ; keel broad, with a long distinct ascending 
beak. »SYr/me??5 mouadelphous ; anthers dimorphous. O^rtry distinctly stalked, 
a-ovulate ; stv'le long, abruptly incurved at the base, bearded on the inner 
side, stigma capitate. Pod distinctly-stalked, 5-6-seeded, oblong, flattened, 
continuous within. — Distrib. A single endemic species. 

1. P. cytisoides, W. 8f A. Prodr. 180 ; Benth. in Hook. Limd. Journ. 
ii. 594 ; Walp. Ami. iv. 461. Grotalaria cytisoides, Roxb. Fl. lnd. iii. 276 : 
Wall. Cat. 5422 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 131. 

Tropical East Himalaya ; Nipal to Ava, ascending to 6000 ft. in Sikktm. 

Undershruh. with the habit of Crotalaria striata, with slender glabrous branches. 
Stipules ; petioles as long as the leaves ; leaflets 3, oblong, glabrous, membranous, 
2-3 in. long, narrowed to both ends. Racemes copious, short-stalked, leaf-opposed 
and terminal, closely 12-20-flowered. Calyx \ in., finely silky ; teeth lanceolate, aa 
long as the tube. Corolla pale yellow, glabrous, 2-3. times the calyx. Pod 1 in. by 
\ in., narrowed to both ends ; gynophore filiform, quite as long as the calyx. 



8. CROTAZiARZA, L. 

Herbs or shrubs of very various habit and vestiture. Leai'es simple or 3- 
foliolate, very rarely odd-pinnate. Floicers in terminal or leaf-opposed racemes, 
often showy. Calyx-tube short ; teeth linear or lanceolate, subequal or shortly 
connate in two lips. Corolla equalling or exceeding calyx ; standard with a short 
claw, usually round ; wings obovate-oblong, shorter ; keel broad, equalling the 
wings, its petals joined down the back, much incurved, distinctly beaked. 
Stamens monadelphous ; anthers dimorphous. Ovary sessile or stipitate. linear, 
usually multi- rarely 2-ovulate ; style long, abruptly incurved at the base, 
bearded upwards, stigma minute oblique. Pod sessile or sti^ntate, straight, 
linear or oblong, tm-gid, continuous within, usually many-seedeii. — DisiuiB. 
Species 2-300 ; spread everywhere in tropical and subtropical regions. 

Sect. I. Arenariae, Benth. Rigid copiously stiffly-branched undershrubs> 
often spiny, with scattered small rigid deciduous simple leaves. — A small group, 
characteristic of the desert Flora, reaching westward through Arabia and Xortli 
Africa to Senegal. 



66 L. LEGUMINOSJ]. (J. G. Baker.) [Crotalaria. 

1. C. Burbla, Hamilt. in Wall. Cat. 6386 ; Benth. in Hook. Lond. J<mm. 
ii. 474 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Flora, 54. 

SciNDK and Punjab, in sandy plains, ascending to 4000 ft. Cambay, in the desert 
region, Dalzell. — Disteib. Afghanistan and Beloochistan. 

A low undershrub, with very numerous stiff erecto-patent branches, clothed with 
fine pale tomentum. Spines none. Leaves scattered, deciduous, subsessile, oblong or 
lanceolate, rigid, pale green, silky, ^-1^ in. long; stipules 0. Flowers 6-12, in 
elongated terminal racemes ; pedicels 2-bracteolate, very short. Calyx densely silky, 
^-\ in.; teeth. long, lanceolate. Corolla yellow, scarce exserted. Fod oblong, 3-4- 
seeded, rather longer than calyx. 

Sect. II. DlfiusaB, Benth. Copiously-branched herbs with flexuose trailing 
stems. Leaves close, simple. Stipules or small, not decm'rent. Racemes aU 
lateral, leaf-opposed, usually reduced to few flowers or one only. Pods glabrous 
or downy. 

2. C. blflora, Linn. ; pod subglobose finely silky flexible 12-20-seeded. 
DC. Prodr. ii. 127 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 190. Astragalus biflorus, Linn. Mant. 
273. 0. nummularia, Willd. S]). PI. iii. 979; Poxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 271; DC. 
Prodr. ii. 129 ; Wall. Cat. 6417 (ex parte). 0. hirta. Both Nov. Sp. 339. 0. 
Rothiana, DC. Prodr. ii. 127. 0. Rothii, Spreng. Syst. iii. 237. Oicer num- 
mularisefolium, Lamk.; DC. Prodr. ii. 354. 

Plains of the Peninsula and Ceylon. — Distrib. Java. 

A silky trailing annual, with stems 1-1|- ft. long. Leaves close, subsessile, 
densely silky, ovate or roundish, ^1 in. long, obtuse, mucronate ; stipules minute, 
usually 0. Pedicels 2-4 times leaves, 1 or closely 2-flowered. Calyx ^ in., densely 
silky ; teeth long, upper lanceolate, lower linear. Corolla yellow, scarcely exsertedj 
Pod compressible, |-| in. long, short- stalked. 

3. C. ^lobosa, W. 8f A. Prodr. 190 ; pod subglobose finely silky hard 
2-4 seeded. Benth. in Hook. Land. Joum. ii. 475. 0. globulosa, Wight in Wall, 
Cat. 5412. 

Carnatic, Dindygul hills and Courtallum, Wight, G. Thomson. 

Habit, vestiture, leaves, infloresence, calyx and corolla just as in C. biflora, but 
pod smaller, not compressible, glabrescent before splitting, with seeds larger and much 
fewer. 

4. C fillpes, Benth. in Hook. Lond. Joum. ii. 475 ; finely silky, stipules 
0, leaves cordate-oblong oblique, peduncles thread-like 1-3-flowered, bracts and 
corolla very minute, pod oblong glabrous 8-10-seeded. Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. 
Flora, 56. 

Plains of the west side of the Western Peninsula ; Dekkan, Edgeworth. 

Stems very slender, ^1 ft., clothed with fine spreading deciduous silky hairs. 
Leaves pale, rigid, prominently veined, subsessile, obtuse, much more rounded on the 
lower side. Peduncles copious, rigid, 3-6 times the leaves, glabrous ; flowers dis- 
tant if more than one; bracts persistent, reflexed. Calyx -^ in. long, finely silky; 
teeth long, all lanceolate. Corolla yellow, exserted ; standard erect, veined, round, 
^ in. broad. Pod short-etalked, \ in. long. 

5. G. filiformls, Wall. Cat. 6389; subglabrous, stipules semilunate per- 
sistent, leaves oblong, peduncles 1-2-flowered, bracts linear very minute, corolla 
very small, pod linear-oblong glabrous 12-16-seeded. Benth. in Hook. Lond, 
Joum. ii. 475. 

AvA ; Mount Prome, Wallich. 

Stems slender, copiously branched, thinly silky when young. Leaves short-stalked, 
membranous, pale, subacute, 1-2 in. long, glaucous below ; stipules small, spreading, 



Crotalariaf] L. lequminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 67 

foliaceous. Peduncles very slender, sometimes pseudo-terminal by the develop- 
ment of leaves from their nodes ; flowers if two distant. Cali/x ^ in. long ; teoth 
deep, lanceolate. Corolla yellow, not distinctly exserted. Pod short-stalked, ^^ in. 
long. 

6. C. trlchopliora, Benth. MSS.; densely silky, stipules 0, leaves 
obliquely cordate-^long, peduncles 1-2-flowered, bracts and corojla very small, 
pod oblong glabro^ 6-8-seeded. 

CoNCAN plains. Stocks. 

Stems slender, copiously branched, 1-1^ ft., clothed with long silky yellow-brown 
hairs. Leaves sessile, membranous, ^1 in. long, obtuse or subacute, pale, membranous, 
more broadly rounded on the lower side. Pedu7icles thread-like, rigid, clothed with 
long hairs, rarely two-flowered, often leafy downwards, longer than the leaves. Cali/x 
^ in., densely silky ; teeth long, linear. Corolla yellowish, scarcely exserted. Pod 
short-stalked, \-^ in. long. 

7. C. Stocksll, Benth. MSS. ; subglabrous, stipules deciduous very 
minute, leaves linear-oblong, peduncles 1-flowered, bracts and corolla very small, 
pod linear-oblong glabrous 12-16-seeded. 

CoNCAN, Stocks; and contained also in Heifer's Tenasserim and Andaman 
collection. 

Stems slender, very copiously branched, 1-1^ ft. Leaves short-stalked, obtuse, 
^\\ in. long, membranous, equally narrowed on both sides at the base. Pedicels 
filiform, 2-3 times the leaves ; bracts subulate. Calyx ^ in.; teeth long, linear. 
Corolla yellow, slightly exserted. Pod sessile, ^^ in. long, finally black. 

8. C. vestita, Baker ; densely silky, leaves linear-oblong, stipules 0, bracts 
lanceolate persistent, racemes 4-6-flowered, corolla middle-sized, pod oblong 
glabrous l&-20-seeded. 

Herb. Stocks, probably from Concan. 

Stems slender, much branched, ^1 ft., densely clothed with yellow-brown silky 
hairs. Leaves nearly sessile, moderately firm, equal-sided, |-1| in. long, base rounded, 
point rather obtuse. Peduncles spreading, exceeding leaves; bracts acute, \-^ in. 
long ; pedicels shorter than calyx. Calyx \ in., shaggy ; teeth linear, long. Corolla 
not exserted. Pod nearly sessile, |— | in. long. 

b). C. prostrata, Roxh. Hart. Beng. 64; Fl. Ind. iii. 270; finely silky, 
stipules 0, leaves obovate-oblong rather oblique, racemes 2-4-flo-wered, bracts 
subulate very minute, corolla small, pod linear-oblong glabrous 12-16-seeded. 
Rottlin Willd. Enum.747) DC. Prodr. ii. 130; Wall. Cat. 6419; W. ^- A. 
Prod): 189 (eicl. syn.) ; Mart, in Munch. Denk. 6, t. E. 

Plains from the Uppee Ganges to Ceylon, ascending to 6000 ft. in the Chenab 
valley. — Distrib. Java. 

Stems slender, ^-1 ft., clothed with short adpressed or spreading silky yellow- 
brown hairs. Leaves nearly sessile, i-1^ in. long, obtuse, pale, glaucous below, pro- 
duced (cordate) on the lower side at tfie base. Peduncles finely silky, usually t«-ice the 
leaves. Calyx ^^-i in., densely silky; teeth linear, long. Corolla yellow, not 
exserted. Pod nearly sessile, ^— | in. long. 

10. C. humifusa, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6421 ; shortly silkv, stipules 
minute subulate, leaves roimd-oblong, peduncles laxly 3-6-flowered, Ibracte and 
corolla very small, pod oblong glabrous 6-8-seeded. Benih. in Hook. Lond. 
Joum. ii. 476. C. prostrata, Wight Herb, ex parte. 

KuMAON to SiKKiM and Khasia, ascending to 6000 ft. Anamaixay hills, alt. 4000 
ft., Beddome. 



68 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) \_Grotalaria, 

Stems under a foot long, slender, flexuose, much branched, densely clothed with 
short spreading yellow-brown silky hairs. Leaves nearly sessile, very obtuse, mem- 
branous, pale, glaucous below, equal at the base, ^1 in. long. Peduncles arcuate, 
densely silky, usually 2-3 times the leaves, sometimes leafy below ; pedicels cernuous, 
lower as long as the calyx. Calyx ^ in., densely silky ; teeth linear, very long. 
Corolla yellowish, not exserted. Pod short-stalked, ^ in. long. 

11. C. ferrugrinea, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5398; finely silky or shaggy, 
stipules lanceolate spreading, leaves obovate-oblong, racemes laxly 2-8-flowered, 
bracts small linear, corolla middle-sized, pod linear-oblong glabrous 20-30- 
seeded. Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 476. 0. canescens, -Wall. Cat. 5415. 
0. crassifolia, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 5416. 0. obliqua, Wall. Cat. 5388. 0. 
leioloba, Bartl. Ind. Setn. Hort. Gott. 1837 ; Linncea xii. Litth. 80. C. pilosis- 
sima, Miquel Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 327. 

NiPAX to Assam, ascending to 5-6000 ft. : Ava, Mabtaban, Cetlox. — Disteib. 
Java, Philippines, Formosa. 

More robust than all the preceding. Branches in the type finely silky. Leaves 
short-stalked, moderately thick, pale beneath, obtuse, equal-sided, 1-2 in. long ; stipules 
persistent, foliaceous, often deflexed. Peduncles usually 2-3 times the leaves ; racemes 
much elongated; bracts persistent, spreading or deflexed. Calyx |— ^ i-n., shortly 
silky ; teeth long, upper lanceolate, lower linear. Corolla, not distinctly exseited. 
Pod short-stalked, 1-1^ in. long. 

Var. /8. pilosissima, Benth. MSS. ; loaves and flowers larger, calyx and branches 
densely clothed with longer bright yellow-brown silky hairs.— Khasia ; 3-5000 ft., 
Hook. fil. }■ Thomson. 

12. €U acicularls, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 6390 ; finely silky, stipules small 
lanceolate, leaves oblong oblique, racemes closely 12-20 flowered, bracts lanceo- 
late, corolla small, pod linear-oblong glabrous 15-20 seeded. Benth. in Hook. 
Lond. Journ. ii. 476. 0. disticha, Zolling. in Flora, 1847, 694. 

BenCtAX to Ava and Tenasserim. — Distrtb. Java, Philippines. 

Stems slender, a foot long or more, thinly clothed with spreading silky hairs. 
Leaves nearly sessile, obtuse, glaucous-green, membranous, thinly silky, |-1| in. long, 
rounded on the upper, cordate on the lower side at the base ; stipules persistent, re- 
flexed. Peduncles equalling or exceeding leaves : bracts small, persistent, reflexed. 
Calt/x -g— ^ in., densely silky, teeth linear, very long. Corolla not exserted. Pod 
sessile, ^ in. long. 

13. C. evolvuloides, Wight in Wall. Cat. 6410 ; finely silky, stipules 
linear minute, leaves round-oblong obtuse slightly oblique, racemes 3-8 flow^ered, 
bracts minute lanceolate, corolla small, pod oblong finely dovs^ny 8-10-seeded. 

W. ^ A. Prodr. 188 {exel. syn.) ; Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 477. 0. 
hir'suta, Wall. Cat. 5413 A.C. 

Tropical region, Nilghiris and Ceylon. 

Stems 1-2 feet long, copiously branched, clothed with fine short spreading hairs. 
Leaves short-stalked, |-1 in. long, moderately firm in texture, always obtuse. Peduncles 
equalling or much exceeding the leaves ; pedicels cernuous, exceeding the bracts, 
shorter than the calyx. Calyx ^ in., long densely pubescent; teeth long, linear. Co- 
rolla yellow, shghtly exserted. Pod short-stalked ^ in. long. — The plant figured 
under this name in Wight's Icones t. 31 from CourtaUum has much larger flowers and 
is probably a distinct undescribed species. 

14. C. hirsuta, Willd. Sp. PI. iii. 978 ; finely silky, stipules linear mi- 
nute, leaves ovate acute slightly oblique, racemes 2-3-flowered, bracts lanceolate 
minute, corolla middle-sized, pod oblong finely downy 8-10-seeded. Poxb. Fl. 
Ind. ii. 270 i Wall. Cat. 5413 B ; DC. PrSdr. ii. 126; W. i^ A. Prodr. .188. 



Crotalaria.] L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 69 

0. dicliotoma, Hoth Nov. Sp. 340. 0. rubiginosa, JRo.rb. Fl. Ind. iii. 260, non 
Willd. 0. bifaria, Wall. Cat. 6399, in part. 0. tritlora, Heyne in Wall. Cat. 

6387. 

Tropical region, Centbai- Himalaya, Eoyle, Edgeworth, Thomson ; BuNDELcmrD, 

Edgeworth ; Western Peninsula, Heyne, Wight. 

Very near the last. Leaves more membranous, always acute, 1-2 in. Peduncles 
shorter, more slender, often leafy, densely clothed with short spreading silky hairs. 
Calyx \ in., densely pubescent. Corolla yellow, distinctly exserted. Pod just the 
same in shape and size. 

15. C. bifaria, Linn. Suppl. 322 ; inconspicuously pubescent, stipules 
linear minute, leaves round-oblong obtuse slightly oblique, racemes 1-2-flowered, 
bracts small lanceolate, corolla middle-sized, pod oblong finely downv 10-12- 
seeded. DC. Prodr. ii. 127 ; W. ^ 4. Prodr. 188 (excl. syn.) ; Wt.'ic. t. 30 ; 
Wall. Cat. 6399, ex parte ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 66. 

Tropical regions of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

Habit of the two last, but pubescence short and inconspicuous. Leaves short- 
stalked, moderately firm, \-l\ in., upper casually narrow, but all obtuse. Peduncles 
stoutish, usually exceeding the leaves; bracts reflexed, persistent. Calyx |-,^ in., ob- 
scurely pubescent : teeth linear-lanceolate, long. Corolla yellow, slightly exserted. 
Pod short-stalked, f-l:|- in. long, very turgid, glabrescent before it splits. 

16. C. multiflora, JBenth. in Hook. Lond. Joum. ii. 478 ; shortly silky, 
stipules linear minute, leaves ovate acute, racemes 2-6-flowered, bracts linear, 
corolla large, pod oblong 10-12-8eeded. Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 328. C. bifaria, 
var. multiflora. Am. in Nova Act. Nat. Cur. xviii. 329. 

Ceylon, alt. 3-5000 ft., Gardner, Thwaites, &c. 

The most robust and showy species of the section. Leaves distinctly stalked, sub- 
coriaceous, dark green, glandular, punctate, usually 1-2 in., but reaching in a narrow- 
leaved form 4-5 in. Peduncles \-\ foot, stout, arcuate, densely clothed like the 
stem with short spreading brown hairs; pedicels cernuous, ^ in.; bracts reflexed, 
persistent. Calyx |-1 in., inconspicuously downy ; teeth lanceolate, very long. Corolla 
yellowish, equalling the calyx ; standard nearly 1 in. broad, veined with dark purple. 
Pod short-stalked, \\-2 in. long, densely clothed with dark brown silky hairs. 

Sect. III. Alatae, Benth. Diffuse or suberect pubescent perennials. Leaves 
simple. Stipules decurrent as a persistent wing to the branches. Pacemes all 
lateral, leaf-opposed l-^-flowered. Pod stipitate linear-oblong glabrous. 

17. C. alata, Hamilt. ex Roxb. in Don. Prodr. 241 ; suberect, stipular 
wing broad, leaves thin oblong obtuse or subacute, peduncle elongated often leafv, 
pod long-stalked. Roxb. Hort.Beng. 98; Fl. Ind. iii. 274; DC. P-odr. ii. 124; 

Wall. Cat. 6366 ; Benth. in Hook. Lond. Jown. ii. 478. 0. sagitticaulis. Wall. 
Cat. 6367. 0. bialata, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 274. 

KuMAON to Assam and the Khasia Mts. ascending to 6500 ft. ; Ava, Wallich ; 
MiSHMi, Griffith ; Pegu, McLelland. — Distrib. Java. 

A suberect under-shrub 1-2 ft. high. Stem and leaves below clothed with short 
silky pubescence. Leaves subsessile, much thinner than in C.rubigiriosa, varying frt)m 
obovate to ovate-oblong, reaching 2-3 in. ; stipule forming a -wing from one node 
nearly to the next, its point lanceolate-deltoid. Racemes 2-3-flon'ered ; bracts small, 
persistent, ovate, acuminate. Calyx | in., densely silky ; tube campanulate ; bracteoles 
inserted above the base. Corolla pale, not exserted. Pod linear-oblong, glabrous, 
l^lf in. long, 30-40-seeded. 

18. C. rubigrinosa, WUld. Sp. PL WW 973 ; diffuse, stipular wing narrow, 
leaTes email round-obovate obtuse coriaceous, peduncle short not leafy, pod short- 



70 L. LEGUMINOS*. (J. G. Baker.) [Orotalaria. 

stalked. DC. Prodr. ii. 125 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 181 ; Wt. Ic. t. 885 ; Benth. in 
Hook. Lond. Joum. ii. 478. C. ovalifolia, Wall. Cat. 6411. 0. Wightiana, 
Wall. Cat. 6358 B. 

NrLGHiEis up to 4000 ft. 

A spreading shrub -with stems ^1 foot long, densely shortly grey-downy. Leaves 
subsessile, rarely an inch long, dark green, always very obtuse, and densely clothed 
with grey or when young with yellow-brown pubescence ; stipules passing suddenly 
into a narrow wing from the spreading deltoid points. Eacemes sparse, 1-4-flowered. 
Bracts small, persistent, ovate ; bracteoles small, lanceolate, inserted above the base. 
Cali/x |-^in., densely silky. Corolla yellow, not exserted. Pod oblong, 1-1^ in. long, 
glabrous, 20-30-seeded. 

Vajr. 1. scabrella; stems stronger and more ascending, flowers rather larger, 
pod more distinctly stalked. 0. scabrella, "W. & A. Prodi. 181. — Nixghibis and 
Ceylon. 

Vak. 2. Wightiana ; stems suberect much more robust than in the type, leaves 
thinner more silky larger reaching 2-3 in. long l|-2 in. broad, corolla and calyx |-^ in. 
long, pod 1^2 in. long, 30-40-seeded. C. Wightiana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5358, A. ; 
W. 4" ^- Prodr. 181. — Nilghiris and Ceylon up to 6000 ft. 

Sect. IV. Calydnse, Benth. Copiously-branched diffuse annuals or low 
shrubs -with slender branches. Leaves simple, more or less hairy, stipules or 
small not decurrent. Racemes all terminal or a few also lateral. Pods 
glabrous or pubescent, exserted or included. 

* Pod decidedly exserted from the calyx. 

19. C. pusllla, Heyne ; DC. Prodr. ii. 128 ; annual, densely silky, stipules 
0, leaves linear very small, racemes terminal and lateral laxly 3-6-flowered, 
"bracts minute lanceolate, pod silky sessile twice the calyx. Wall. Cat. 6396 ;. W. 
8f A. Prodr. 189. 

"Western Peninsitla. ; Bombay to Courtallum. 

Stems under half a foot high, with copious ascending branches clothed with ad- 
pressed brown silky hairs. Leaves subsessile, firm, obtuse, \-^ in. long, densely silky. 
Eacemes "v ery copious, short-stalked, ^1 in. long. Calyx campanulate, silky ^ in. deep ; 
teeth deep, all linear. Corolla yellow, scarce exserted. Pod ^ in. long, thinly silky, 
4-8-seeded. — The smallest of all the species. 

20. C. hlrta, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 130 ; annual, finely hairy, stipules 0, 
leaves small linear obtuse, racemes capitate 2-4-flowered, bracts lanceolate folia- 
ceous, pod glabrous sessile twice calyx. Mart, in Munch. Denks. 6 1. F. ; W. ^ A. 
Prodr. 182 ; Benth. in Hook. Lond. Joum. ii. 567. 0. chinensis, Poxh. Fl. Ind. 
iii. 268 ; Wall. Cat. 5385, nm Linn. C. pilosa, Boxh. in E. I. C. Mus. t. 370 ; 
BoUl. Nova Act. 1808. 

Dekkan, near Hydrabad. 

A diffuse annual with slender branches, thinly clothed with short spreading hairs. 
Leaves short-stalked ^-| in., moderately close, rounded at the base. Flowers 
crowded at the end of leafy branches ; pedicels very short. Calyx \ in., densely silky ; 
teeth long, all linear, acuminate. Corolla scarce exserted. Pod oblong, 15-20-seeded. 
— Differs from chinensis by its small obtuse leaves and much shorter calyx. 

21. C. mysorensls, Both; DC. Prodr. ii. 126 ; annual, densely sUky, sti- 
pules linear persistent, leaves linear-oblong obtuse, racemes terminal and lateral 
laxly 6-9-flowered, bracts lanceolate foliaceous, pod subsessile glabrous twice the 
calyx. Wall. Cat. 5361 ; W. '^ A. Prodr. 182. 0. stipulacea, Boxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 
264. 0. hirsuta, Boxb. in E. I. C. Mus., t. 1595. 

TfiOPiCAL EBGiON, ^11 through India proper, ascending to 4000 ft. in Kxtmaon. 



Croialaria.] l. leguminosj). (J. G. Baker.) 71 

Copiously branched, 1-2 ft. high, the stems clothed with long dense erecto-patent 
brown silky hairs. Leaves membranous, short-stalked, 1-3 in. long, rounded at both 
ends, thinly silky. Racemes stalked, reaching 6-9 in. long. Calyx ^— | in. deep, 
densely clothed with long silky hairs ; teeth all long, acuminate, upper lanceolate, 
lower linear. Corolla yellow, not exserted. Pod oblong, 1-1^ in. long, 20-30- 
seeded. 

22. C. trlquetra, Dalzell in Hook. Kew Joum. ii. 34 ; suffruticose, branches 
triquetrous obscurely pubescent, stipules lanceolate minute, leaves lanceolate- 
oblong obtuse, racemes lateral and terminal laxly 2-3-flowered, pod silky short- 
stalked 3-4 times the calyx. Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Flora, 5G. 

Western Peninsula. ; Concan and Malwan, Dalzell, Stock's, Law ; Ceylon, 
Thwaites. 

Suffruticose, 1-2 ft. high with copious very slender ascending branches angled down 
to the base. Leaves membranous, pale green, glabrescent, 1-2 in. long, broadly rounded 
at the base. Racemes long-stalked, very lax ; bracts minute, lanceolate. Calyx ^-^ in. 
deep, thinly silky; teeth long all linear, acuminate. Corolla pale yellow, ^ in. 
long ; standard ovate, pointed. Pod oblong-cylindrical, ^ in. long, thinly coated with 
short yellow-brown silky hairs, 15-20- seeded. 

23. C. albida, Heyne ; DC. Prodr. ii. 126; suffruticose, branches terete 
minutely silky, stipules 0, leaves linear or oblanceolate obtuse, racemes mostly ter- 
minal laxly 6-20-flowered, bracts linear very minute, pods glabrous sessile!^ or 
twice the calyx. W. 8f A. Prodr. 189. C. montana, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 266 ; W. 
^ A. Prodr. 182. 0. scoparia, Wall. Cat. 5418. C. parva, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 
6402. 0. punctata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6401 A. 8f C. C. tenuis, Wall. Cat. 
6403. 

Tbopical region through India proper and Ceylon, ascending to 5500 ft. in Kumaon, 
and to 6-7000 in the West Himalayas. Birma, Wallich. Pegu, McClelland. 
Tenasserim, Heifer. — Distrib. Malay Isles, China, and Philippines. 

A shrub 1-2 ft. high, with very numerous firm slender, obscurely eilky branches. 
Leaves short-stalked, firm, 1-2 in., thinly silky beneath, pellucido-punctate, glabres- 
cent above. Racemes 2-4 in. long, rarely lateral. Calyx turbinate, \ in., finally 
I in. long, thinly silky ; teeth long, 3 lower linear acuminate, upper broader often 
subobtu^e. Corolla pale yellow, glabrous, scarcely exserted. Pod oblong-cylindrical, 
^ in. long, 6-12-seeded. 

Var. \. epunctata; leaves membranous pubescent not dotted, racemes very lax 
3-6-flowered, calyx teeth all linear acuminate. C. epunctata, Dalz. in Kew Joum. jii. 
210; Dalz. S[ Gibs. Bomb. Flora, 56.— Southern Concan, Dalzell. 

* * Pod included or very slightly exserted. 

24. C. nana, Burm. Fl. Ind. 156, t. 48, fig. 2 ; leaves oblanceolate obtuse, 
racemes capitate 6-12-flowered, calyx densely silky, upper teeth connate, pod 
ovoid small glabrous sessile slightly exserted. DC. Prodr. IL 127 ; W. Sf A. 
Prodr. 191 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. PH. 56. C. umbellata, Wight in Wall. Cat. 
6383 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 191 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bopib. Fl. 56. C. biflora, Herb. 
Madr. in Wall. Cat. 6381, not of Linn. C. aobolifera, Grah. in. Wuli. Cat. 
6420 B. 

Western Peninsula and CBHiON, ascending to 6000 ft. 

An annual 1 ft. or less high, with copious slender terete ascending or spreading 
branches clothed with short silky hairs. Leaves ^-1 in., moderately firm, thinly silky 
above, densely so below, base subcuneate, stipules 0. Bracts and bracteoles minute, 
subulate ; upper flowers often quasi-umbellate. Calyx ^-^ in. long, densely clothed with 
long silky hairs ; teeth of lower lip narrow, acuminate. Corolla pale, not exserted. Pod 
6-8-8eeded, black when mature. 

Vab. 1. patula; leaves narrow linear, calyx more shortly silky. C. patula, Grah. 
in Wall. Cat. 5371.— Bibma, Wallich, Griffith. 



72 L. LEQUMiNOSj;. (J. G. Baker.) ICrotalaria. 

25. C. llnifolla, Linn. fl. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 128 ; leaves oWanceolate obtuse 
rarely linear, racemes elongated laxly 6-20-flowered, calyx shortly silky, upper 
teeth connate, pod small ovoid-ohlong sessile glabrous as long as calyx. Roxh. 
Fl. Ind. ii."266 ; Don Prodr. 241 ; Wall. Cat. 5400 in part ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 
190 {excl. syn.) ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 56. 0. csespitosa, Roxh. Fl. Ind. 
iii. 269. C. montana, Heyne in Roth Nov. Sp. 335 •, DC. Prodr. ii. 126, not of 
Roxb. C. sobolifera, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6420 A. 0. stenophylla, Vogel in 
Nova Acta Nat. Cur. xix. Suppl. 7. 0. saxatilis, Zolling. in Flora, 1847, 694. 
C. melanocarpa, Wall. Cat. 5382. 

Tropical region: SiKKiM, alt. 1-4000 ft. "Western Peninsttla, Ceylon, Birma, 
Pegu. — Distrib. Malay Isles, phina, Philippines, N. Australia. 

Anntutl, ^-2 ft. high, with copious slender firm terete branches clothed with short 
adpressed silky hairs. Leaves short- stalked, moderately firm, shortly silky, base sub- 
cuneate ; stipules 0. Racemes usually .terminal only, reaching ^-1 ft. long ; bracts and 
bracteoles subulate, very minute. Calyx ^-^ in. long, deeply bilabiate, densely 
shortly brown-silky ; teeth of upper lip very short, of lower deep linear. Corolla pale 
yellow, glabrous, scarcely exeerted. Pod 8-10-seeded, black when mature. 

26. C. tecta, Roth-, DC. Prodr. ii. 126 ; suffruticose, thinly shortly silky, 
leaves obtuse obovate-oblong, racemes lax terminal only, calyx middle-sized, up- 
per teeth subconnate, pod oblong as long as calyx. Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. 
ii. 669. 0. viminea, Wall. Cat. 6397 ; W. <^' A. Prodr. 189. C. linifolia var. 
Wall. Cat. 6400 B. 0. punctata var. Wall. Cat. 5401 B. 

Western Peninstjta, in the Concan. Nilgeiries, Ptxlney Mts, 
A low undershrnh with numerous stiff terete erecto-patent branches, clothed with 
short grey silky hairs. Leaves firm, ^1^ in., cuneate in lower half, retuse or 
emarginate at apex, glabrescent above, thinly silky below ; stipules 0. Racemes 6-12- 
flowered,^— ^ ft. long, usually distinctly stalked ; bracts and bracteoles linear, very mi- 
nute. Calyx |-^ in. long, shortly velvety, lower teeth linear. Corolla pale yeUow, 
glabrous, equalling the calyx. Pod sessile, glabrous, 9-12-seeded. 

27. G. occulta, Grak. in Wall. Cat. 5360 ; suffiputicose, shortly silky, leaves 
cblanceolate-oblong usually acute, flowers in lax terminal racemes and often 
solitary from leafy nodes, calyx middle-sized shortly silky, teeth all long, upper 
broad rather, obtuse, pod oblong included. Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 566. 
C. rhizophylla, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6431. 

Khasia Mts. and Silhet, ait. 3-5000 ft. 

Stems 2-3 ft. high, annual ?, simple or with few or many virgate ascending branches 
clothed with short adpressed silky hairs. Leaves firm, 2-3 in., subcuneate at base, 
glabrous above, glaucous and obscurely silky beneath ; stipules setaceous very 
minute. Terminal racemes 6-20-flowered, \—^ ft. long ; bracts linear, minute. Calyx 
^— I in. deep, densely clothed with short brown silky hairs ; upper teeth oblong-spath-' 
ulate, '^— ^ in. broad. Corolla glabrous, deep violet-blue, as long as the calyx. Pod 
glabrous, sessile, lO-iS-seeded. 

28. C. calyclna, Schrank ; DC. Prodr. ii. 129 ; annual, shortly silky, leaves 
linear or lanceolate acute or rather obtuse, flowers few in lax racemes and solitary 
Irom leafy nodes, calyx large densely clothed with long silky hairs, teeth aU 
long, upper broad rather obtuse, pod linear-oblong included. C. stricta, Roxh. Fl. 
Ind. iii. 265 not of Roth. 0. Roxburghiana, DC. Prodr. ii. 129. C. anthylloides, 
Dcm Prodr. 241 ; Wall. Cat. 5366 A. ex parte ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 181 ; Dalz. ^ 
Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 54, not of Lam. C. linearis, Herb. Madr. in Wall. Cat. 6370. 
C. crinita, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5408. C. salicifolia var. ? WaU. Cat. 6359 B. 

Tropical region, from the Himalayas to Ceylon, ascending to 5,600 ft. in Ku- 
MAOK. — Distrib. Tropical Africa, Malay Isles, China, N. Australia. 



Crotalaria.'] L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 73 

Stems 1-2 ft. high, simple or with a few slender ascending hranchos clothed with 
short adpressed silky hairs. Leaves moderately firm, usually 2-4 in., but in tiie linear 
form 6-6 in., usually acute, glabrous above, obscurely silky beneath ; stipules subu- 
late, very minute, deciduous. Terminal racemes 2-1 2 -flowered, rarely reaching ^ ft. 
long; bracts and bracteoles large, lanceolate. Cali/x ^-1 in. long, persistently 
densely clothed with long brown silky hairs ; lower teeth lanceolate-acuminate, upper 
oblanceolate, |-^ in. broad. Corolla glabrous, pale yellow, shorter than the calyx. Pod 
sessile, glabrous, ^-| in. long, 20-30-seeded. 

29. C. sessiliflora, imw.; DC. Prodr. ii. 129 ; annual, shortly silky, leaves 
linear acute rarely lanceolate, flowers in elongated racemes rarely solitary from 
leafy nodes, calyx middle-sized densely clothed with long silhy hairs, teeth all 
long, upper lanceolate acute, pod oblong as long as the calyx. Btmth. in Hook. 
Land. Journ. ii. 565. 0. anthylloides. Lam. ; Wall. Cat. 5366 A. in part, B. C. 
0. yenusta. Wall. Cat. 5365. 0. nepalensis, Link Enum. ii. 228. C. brevipes, 
Champ, in Hook. Keiu Journ. iv. 44. C. eriantha, Sieh. ^ Znicc. Fl. Jap. 13. 0. Old- 
hami, Miq. Ann. Mils. Lug. Bat. iii. 42. 

Upper Punjab and along the base of the Himalayas to Assam, ascending to S.^OO ft. 
in KtTMAON ; Birma, Wallick; Pegu, McLelland. — Distrib. China, Philippines, 
Japan. 

Sterna 1-2 ft. high, simple or furnished with few or many ascending branches. 
Leaves moderately firm, narrowed to both ends, 2-6 in., glabrous above, thinly 
silky below ; stipules setaceous, very minute. Flowers deflexed. 2-20 to a raceme, 
close ; racemes reaching 6-9 in. long ; bracts and bracteoles long, setaceous, persistent. 
Calyx —^ in. long, brown silky hairs long and dense, but not as much so as in caly- 
cina ; teeth all acute, upper ^ in. broad. Corolla blue-white, glabrous, not exserted. 
PocZ glabrous, sessile, 10-15-seeded. 

30. C. chinensis, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 130 ; annual, laxly silky, leaves 
linear or oblanceolate obtuse or subacute, flowers 3-6 densely capitate all termi- 
nal, calyx middle-sized, teeth long upper lanceolate, pod oblong as long as 
calyx. Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 566 (not of Boxb.) 

Upper Gangetic Plain, Concan, Malabab, Pegu, and Tenasserim. — Distrib. 
Sumatra, Philippines, China. 

Stems 1-2 ft. high, usually with several stout ascending branches densely clothed 
with long brown silky hairs. Leaves moderately firm, sparsely silky, 1-2 in., pale 
below, base rather rounded ; stipules 0. Calyx f-^ in., densely laxly silky ; lower 
teeth linear ; bracts and bracteoles linear, persistent. Corolla glabrous, not exserted. 
Pod sessile, glabrous, 15-20-8eeded. 

31. C. speciosa, Heyne ; DC. Prodr. ii. 129 ; shrubby, densely silk-y, leaves 
linear-oblong obtuse, flowers 6-12 densely capitate all terminal, calyx middle- 
sized, teeth all long narrow acuminate, pod oblong included. Benth. in Hook. 
Lond. Journ. ii. 564. C. cephalotes, Herb, Madr. tn Wall. Cat. 5373. 

Mysore, Heyne. 

Stems quite woody, with rigid erecto-patent branches, densely clothed with short 
bright brown silky hairs. Leaves firm, 1-1^ in., densely silky on both sides, 
rounded at both ends ; stipules subulate, very minute. Heads copious, round, terminal, 
usually with a leaf just beneath ; bracts lanceolate, as long as calyx, persistent v£lvety. 
Calyx ^ in. Jong, densely persistently velvety. Corolla as long as calyx, densely silky 
on the outside. Pod sessile, glabrous, 10-12-seeded, much shorter than the calyx. 

82. C. dubla, Orah. in Wall. Cat. 5404; annual, shortly eilky, leaves 
obovate cuneate subacute, flowers 12-30 in dense terminal heads, calyx small 
densely silky, teeth all long acuminate, pod oblong as long as calyx. Benth. in 
Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 668. 



74 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J.G.Baker.) [Crotalaria. 

Western Peninsula, Stocks, Beddome. Chittagong, Hook. fil. f Thomson. Te- 
NASSERiM, Griffith. 

Stems 1-2 ft. high, simple or with many subpatent or arcuate-ascending branches. 
Leaves membranous, 2-3 inches, cuneate in lower third, thinly silky above, pale 
and densely silky beneath ; stipules minute, setaceous. Heads round or oblong, mostly 
with a leaf just beneath ; bracts and bracteoles large, persistent, ovate-acuminate. Calyx 
\ in. deep ; pubescence long, pale brown, silky, very dense ; teeth linear or lanceolate. 
Corolla glabrous, as long as calyx. Pod sessile, glabrous, 6-8-seeded. 

33. C capitata, Benth. MSS. ; shrubby, finely silky, leaves oblan.ceolate 
sabacute, flowers 6-20 in dense terminal heads, calyx middle-sized, teeth all 
long, upper broad subacute, pod oblong included. 

Khasia Mts., 5-7000 ft. Hook. fil. and Thomson, Lobh, Simons. 

Branches caespitose from a perennial rootstock, 1-1^ ft. long, slender, suberect, 
mostly simple, clothed with short silky pubescence. Leaves firm, cuneate in the 
lower half, 1-1^ in., green, glabrous above, densely shortly silky below ; stipules 
0. Heads round or oblong, 1-2 in. long; bracts and bracteoles small, linear, persistent. 
Calyx \ in. deep; the vestiture and shape of teeth as in C. sessiliflora. Corolla deep 
violet-blue, glabrous, as long as the calyx. Pod sessile, glabrous, not seen mature. 

34. C. priestleyoides, Benth. MSS. ; shrubby, laxly silky, leaves ob- 
lanceolate-oblong subacute, flowers few in dense terminal heads, calyx middle- 
sized shaggy, teeth all long, upper lanceolate acute, pod oblong included. 

CoNCAN, Law, Stocks ; Anamatlats, BeddoTne. 

A low undershrub with long ascending branches, densely clothed with moderately 
long brown silky hairs. Leaves firm, subsessile, ^1 in., glabrescent above, thinly 
shaggy beneath, base rather rounded ; stipules 0. Heads 4-8-flowered ; bracts lanceo- 
late, acuminate, persistent as the calyx. Calyx ^-| in. long, as densely shaggy as in 
C. calycina ; upper teeth ^— ^ in. broad, lower linear. Corolla glabrous, as long as the 
calyx. Pod sessile, glabrous, 10-15-seeded. 

Sect. V. Glaucse, Benth. Erect herbs or shrubs, glabrous throughout. 
Stipules or very minute deciduous. Racemes terminal. 

35. C. lutescens, Dalz. in Hook. Kew Joum. ii. 34 ; herbaceous, bracts 
linear very minute, calyx-teeth linear. C. peduncularis, Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. 
JFlor. 55, Tiot of Grah. 

CoNCAN, plains, Law, Balzell. 

Stems erect, slender 1-3 ft. high. Leaves membranous, pale, nearly sessile, varying 
from oblong obtuse to linear acute, reaching 4-6 in. Raceme laxly 6-15-flowered ; 
pedicels cernuous finally i-| in. long. Calyx \ in. ; tube very short. Corolla 
yellow, twice the calyx; standard ovate, conspicuously veined. Pod 1-1^ in. long; 
gynophore finally equalling calyx. 

36. C. nerllfolla, Wall. Cat. 5362 ; shrubby, bracts linear very minute, 
calyx-teeth lanceolate. Benth. in Hook. Bond. Joum. ii. 560. 

AvA ; mount Taong Dong, Wallich. 

A shrub with slender terete branches. Leaves membranous, pale, nearly sessile, 
lanceolate, rather rounded at the base, subobtuse, 3-4 in. Racemes laxly 12-20- 
flowered, reaching half a foot long ; pedicels slender, as long as calyx. Calyx \ in. 
long ; tube campanulate. Corolla nearly twice the calyx ; standard orbicular, obtuse. 
Ovary linear, silky. Pod unknown. 

37. C. peduncularis, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5369; bracts large ovate 
acuminate persistent, calyx-teeth lanceolate. W. ^ A. Prodr. 186 ; Benth. in 
Hook. Lond. Joum. ii. 480. C. elegans, Bedd. in Madr. Joum. iii. 178 ; Ic. PI. 
Ind. Or. t. 106. 



Crotalana.'] l. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 75 

NiXGHiRis, at about 4000 ft. elevation, Wight, Beddome. 

General habit of C. peduncularis. Leaves narrow-linear, short-stalked, reaching 5-6 
in. Raceme laxly 12-20-flowered, finally a foot long; lower pedicels \~\ in. lung; 
bracts reflexed, shorter than the pedicels. Calyx | in. ; teeth one-third the tube. 
Corolla smaller than in the last; standard the same shape and colour. Pod li-2 in. 
long ; gynophore finally exceeding the calyx. 

Sect. VI. Srectae, Benth. Erect herbs or shnibs, the foliage more or less 
silky or pubescent. Stipules 0, or small, not decurrent. Racemes rarely other 
than terminal. Pods glabrous, several times longer than the calyx. 

38. C. retusa, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 125 ; branches and calyx subglabrous, 
stipules subulate very minute, leaves obtuse glabrous above puberulent below, 
bracts subulate, corolla much exserted. Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 272 ; Pot. Maq. t. 
2561 ; Pot. Reg. t. 253 ; Wall. Cat. 5405 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 187 ; Dalz. Sc Gihs. 
Pomb. FL 55. Lupinus cochinchinensis, Lour.; DC. Prodr. ii. 410 — Rheede. 
Mai. ix. t. 25. 

Tropical region ; Himalayas to Ceylon and Malacca, but often cultivated. 
DisTRiB. China, Malaya, N. Australia, Trop. Africa and America, in both the last 
doubtfully wild. 

A robust undershrub 3-4 ft. high, with stout striated branches. Leaves short 
stalked, oblanceolate-oblong, moderately firm, cuneate at the base, li-3 in. Racemes 
laxly 12-20-flowered; pedicels shorter than calyx. Calyx |-| in. ; teeth lanceolate, 
tvncQ campanulate tube. Corolla nearly twice calyx, yellow tinged with purple. 
Pod linear-oblong, 1-1^ in. long, distinctly stalked, 15-20-8eeded. 

39. C serlcea, Retz. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 12^ ; Ijranches and calyx subglabrous, 
stipules leafy persistent, leaves subacute or obtuse glabrous above finely silky 
beneath, bracts ovate foliaceous, corolla much exserted. W. S,- A. Prodr. 
186 ; Wall. Cat. 5406 ; Roab. Fl. Ind. iii. 273, not of Burin. ; Dalz. Sf Gibs. 
Bo?nb. Fl. 55. 0. spectabilis. Roth.; DC. Prodr. ii. 125. C. macrophylla, 
Weinm. Syll. ii. 26. C. cuneifolia, Schrank Syll. ii. 78. 

Tropical region ; through India proper, ascending to 3000 ft. in Kumaon. 
Malacca, Griffith. Pegu, McClelland. 

Habit and branches of C. retusa. Leaves oblanceolate-oblong, moderately firm in 
texture, 3-6 in., cuneate at the base. Bacemes laxer, 20-40-flower6d, often a 
foot long; bracts persistent, reflexed ; pedicels exceeding calyx. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth 
lanceolate, twice campanulate tube. Corolla half as long again as calyx, generally 
purplish. Pod 1-2 in. long, distinctly stalked, |-| in. broad. 

40. C. assaxnlca, Benth. in Hook. Lond. Joum. ii. 481 ; branches and 
calyx silky, stipules minute subulate, leaves acute glabrous above finely silk^ 
below, bracts linear-lanceolate minute, corolla much exserted, C. Burmanni, 
DC. Prodr. ii. 126 ? 0. sericea, Burin. Fl. Ind. t. 48, fig. 1 ? 

Khasia Mts., alt. 3-4000 ft., Hook. fit. ^ Thomson, Lobb ; Assam, Mrs. Mack.— 
DiSTRiB. Philippines, Cuming, 1886. 

General habit just that of the two preceding, to which it is allied closely. Leaves 
oblanceolate-oblong, short-stalked, moderately firm, 2-4 in. long, cuneate at the base. 
Racemes laxly 20-30-flowered reaching a foot long ; lower pedicels equalling calyx. 
Calyx ^— I in. ; teeth lanceolate, twice campanulate tube. Corolla f in. deep, golden- 
yellow. Pod 1^-2 in. long, distinctly stalked. 

41. C. XLurzli, Bakei- ; branches and calvx silky, stipules minute subulate, 
leaves acute glabrous above finely silky below, bracts linear-lanceolate minute, 
corolla not exserted. Kurz in Joum. Asiat. Soc. Beiig. vol. xlii. pt. 2, p. 229. 

Pegu, Kurz, No. 1664. 

Closely allied to C. assamica, from which it differs mainly in calyx and corolla, the 



76 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) \CrotalaHa. 

former being the same size, but cleft more deeply, with narrower teeth and the latter 
much smaller. Leaves rather more coriaceous, 3-4 in., narrowed from the middle 
to both ends, the adpressed brown pubescence of the underside coarser and less silky. 
Pod oblong, glabrous, distinctly stalked. 

42. C. Zieschenaultil, DC. Ih-odr. ii. 125 ; branches and calyx sub- 
glabrous, stipules minute lanceolate, leaves obtuse glabrous above densely grey- 
silky below, bracts ovate persistent, corolla much exserted. W. ^ A. Prodr. 186 ; 
Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 481 ; Groh. Cat. Bomb. PL 44 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. 
Bomh. Fl. 64. C. lupiniflora, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5407. 

NiLGHiRis and highest Ghauts of Concan. 

General habit of the three preceding, to which it is closely allied. Leaves oblan- 
ceolate-oblong, subcoriaceous, 3-4 in., cuneate at the base, clothed beneath with 
thick white silky pubescence. Racemes rather densely 20-30-flowered, reaching ^ ft. 
long ; bracts like those of C. sericea but smaller ; lower pedicels as long as the calyx. 
Calyx ^ in. ; teeth lanceolate, twice campanulate tube. Corolla yellow, f in. deep. 
Pod distinctly stalked, linear-oblong, 1^ in. long. — A specimen from Ram Ghaut, 
Ritchie, perhaps distinct, has subulate bracts and leaves finely silky beneath. 

43. C. formosa, Ch'ah. in Wall. Cat. 5393 ; branches and calyx densely 
silky, stipules lanceolate minute, leaves obtuse glabrous above densely silky 
beneath, bracts linear silky persistent, corolla not exserted. W. 8f A. Prodr. 
186 ; Wt. Ic. t. 981 ; Bmih. in Hook. Land. Jmirn. ii. 481. 

NiLGHIRIS. 

Dwarfer and more branched than the four preceding, with woody stems densely 
clothed with grey or yellow-brown silky hairs. Leaves oblanceolate-oblong, 2-3 in. 
moderately firm, short-stalked, cuneate at the base Racemes very dense, 1-2 in., 
long ; pedicels ^^g— | in., densely silky. Calyx shaggy, -i— | in. ; teeth deep, lanceolate- 
deltoid. Pod oblong, 1^-1^ in. long, distinctly stalked. 

44. C. barbata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5394 ; shrubby, stipules 0, leaves 
oblanceolate-oblong subacute thinly silky above densely silky beneath, racemes 
simple 6-12-flowered, bracts minute lanceolate, pedicels as long as calyx, pod 
stalked. W. ^ A. Prodr. 181 ; Wt. Ic. t. 980 ; Benth. in Hook. Land. Journ, 
ii. 483. 

NixGHiKis ; Travancor, ascending to 6000 feet, Beddome. 

Sparingly branched. Branches woody, clothed with ascending dark brown silky 
hairs. Leaves like those of C. sericea in shape and size, moderately firm, short-stalked, 
cuneate at the base. Racemes finally half a foot long ; pedicels ^— | in., densely 
silky, not bracteolate at the middle. Calyx | in., deeply bilabiate, densely shaggy 
with dark brown silky hairs ; teeth of lower lip linear, equalling limb. Corolla scarce 
exserted. Pod 1^ in. long by half as broad, 1 5-20-seeded. 

45. C long'ipes, W. 8f A. Prodr. i. 183 ; shrubby, stipules 0, leaves 
ol)ovate-oblong rather obtuse both sides minutely silky, racemes copiously 
panicled, bracts foliaceous ovate, pedicels as long as calyx, pod stalked. Benth. 
in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 483. 

NiLGHIRIS. 

A stiff undershrub with a straight woody stem, copiously paniculately branched. 
Branches densely clothed with short ferruginous silky hairs. Leaves coriaceous, short- 
stalked, more or less rounded at base, vestiture thin and shining, lower 3-4 in. 
Flowers 3-4, close together near the top of numerous rigid branches ; bracts copious, 
reflexed, foliaceous. Calyx h in., densely clothed with brown silky hairs, deeply 
bilabiate ; lower teeth reaching half way down. Corolla |-| in. ; standard silky on 
the back. Pod linear-oblong, 1-1^ in. long, 10-12-seeded, narrowed into a long 
gynophore. — Except for the glabrous pod, its affinity is with C. madurensis. 



Crotalaria.l L. legdminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 77 

46. C. pegruana, Bentk. MSS. ; shrubby, stipiJes 0, leaves oblong- 
lanceolate both sides obscurely silky, racemes prolonged into the axils of 
numerous leaves, bracts subulate very minute, pod sessile. 

Pegu ; near Rangoon, McClelland. 

Branches slender, terete, finely puberulent or glabrescent. Leaves nearly sessile, 
3-4 in., narrowed to both ends, firm and thinly silky on both sitles in exposure, 
but membranous and glabrous above in a shade form ; lower pedicels as long as 
the calyx. Flowers beside the lax terminal racemes springing solitary or in pairs 
from many of the leaf-bearing nodes. Calyx | in. ; teeth long, linear-lanceolate. 
Corolla scarcely exserted. Pod cylindrical, f in. long, 10-12-seeded. 

47. C. saliclfolla, Heyne in Wall. Cat. 6359 A. ; herbaceous, stipules 0, 
leaves oblong or lanceolate acute both sides shortly silky, racemes loujr-stalked 
simple few-tlowered, bracts minute lanceolate, pedicels' as long as calyx, pod 
stalked. W. 8f A. Pfodr. 182 ; Benth. in Hook. Lond. Joum. ii. 482. 

Western Peninsula, Heyne. 

Stem stiff, sparingly branched, densely clothed with short ascending ferruginous 
silky hairs. Leaves ceasing a space below the inflorescence, lower oblong or 
oblanceolate-oblong, upper linear-lanceolate reaching 3-4 in., both sides clothed 
with hairs like those of the stem. Flowers near the end of long branches. 
Calyx I in. deep, densely coated with bright brown velvety hairs ; teeth linear, all 
very long. Corolla bright yellow, not exserted. Pod 1^-2 in. long, half as broad. 

48. C. lanata, Bedd. in Madr. Joum. iii. 178; Ic. PI. Ind. Or. t. 105; 
shrubby, stipules foliaceous ^-lunate, leaves large oblong, racemes not panicled, 
bracts minute lanceolate, pedicels short, pod stalked. 

Western Peninsula ; Anamallay and Pulney Mts., alt. 3-4000 ft., Bcddome. 

A shrub 12-15 feet high, with thejiabit. stipules and inflorescence of C. semper- 
fiorens. Branches stout, densely clothed with short brown pubescence. Leaves dis- 
tinctly stalked, membranous, very largo, green and glabrous above, thinlv matted 
beneath. Calyx ^ in. long, densely silky ; teeth linear-lanceolate, twice the tube. 
Corolla yellow, much exserted. Pod 'glabrous ' (Beddome) oblong, li-lf in. long. 

Sect. VII. Sriocarpae, Benth. Erect shrubs, the foliage more or less silky 
or pubescent. Leaves simple, stipules not decurrent. Racemes terminal only or 
both terminal and lateral, in one group copiously panicled. Pods silky or 
velvety, many or few-seeded exserted or included. 

*Flowers racemed. 

49. C. verrucosa, Linn.-, DC. Ib-odr. ii. 125; branches acutely angled, 
stipules foliaceous ^-lunate, leaves ovate the base deltoid usually obtuse, racemes 
lateral and terminal not panicled, pod stalked obscurelv doAvnv 4-6 times the 
calyx. Bat. Mag. t. 3034; W. 8f A. Frodr. 187; Wt. Ic.'t 200; Dalz. ^ 
Cribs. Bomb. Fl. 55. 0. angulosa, Laynk. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 273. C. civrulea, 
Jacq. Ic. 1. 144. C. acuminata, G. Don. Gard. Diet. ii. 134. — Rheede Hort. Mai. 
ix. t. 29. 

Tropical region; Himalayas to Ceylon (reaching 2000 ft. in Sikkim); Birma, 
Wallich; Pegu, McClelland; Malacca, Griffith. — Histhib. China, Malaya, Trop. 
Afirica, Maxiritius, Trop. America. 

Copiously branched, scarcely shrubby, 2-3 feet high. Branches at first puberulent, 
soon glabrescent. Leaves thin, obscurely downy beneath, reaching 4-6 in., casually 
acute. Racemes moderately close, 12-20-flowered, if foot or more long; bracts linear, 
very minute; pedicels equalling or shorter than calyx. Calyx ^ in., obscurely 



78 L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) [Grotalaria. 

downy; teeth lanceolate, twice tube. Corolla twice calyx, yellow, white and blue. 
PocZ finely pubescent, 1-1^ in. long, 10-12-seeded. 

60. C. semperflorens, Vent. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 125 ; branches terete, 
stipules foliaceous ^-lunate, leaves oblong rounded at base acute or obtuse, 
racemes lateral and terminal not panicled, pod stalked obscurely downy 4-5 
times the calyx. Wall. Cat. 5391. 0. WaUichiana, W. 8r A. Prodr. 187 ; 
Wt. Ic. t. 982. 0. Arnottiana, Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 660. 

Teopicax eegion; Nilghiris. — Distrib. Java. 

More shrubby than C. vemtcosa. Branches sulcate and puberulent when young, 
soon glabrescent and terete. Leaves 2-4 in., moderately firm, green and glabrous 
above, pale and shortly downy below, distinctly petiolate. Inflorescence like that of 
C. verrucosa ; bracts minute, subulate ; pedicels ^— ^ in., finely downy. Calt/x |-^ in., 
more or less densely puberulent ; teeth linear, twice the campanulate tube. Corolla 
^-f in., bright yellow. Pod 1|— 2 in. long, finely downy, 10-12-seeded. 

Var. 1. Walkeri ; stipules mostly subulate minute, leaves firmer smaller more 
acute nearly or quite glabrescent beneath. C. Walkeri, Amott in Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 
xviii. 308. C. semperflorens, Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 660. Ceylon, 4-7000 
feet. — Looks generally qiiite distinct, but Gardner's No. 660 connects it with the type. 

61. C. Keyneana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5414 ; branches terete, stipules 
smaU l-lunate, leaves oblong acute narrowed at base, racemes lateral and 
terminal not panicled, pod subsessile obscurely downy 3-4 times the caljrx. 
W. ^ A. Prodr. 187 ; Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 660 ; Bot. Mag. t. 
6974. 

"Western Peninsttia ; Mysore, Travancor, and Canara. 

General habit of C. semperflorens, of which it is most likely a mere variety. Branches 
woody, slender, soon glabrescent. Leaves membranous, distinctly petioled, 3-4 in., 
narrowed at both ends, hardly at all puberulent ; stipules smaller. Inflorescence and 
bracts identical; pedicels 5-^ in., slender, faintly puberulent. Cali/x | in.; teeth 
lanceolate, very deep. Corolla slightly exserted. Pod l^-l^ in. long, clothed with 
deciduous fine pubescence, 10-12-seeded. 

62. C. leptostachya, Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 602 ; branches 
angular, stipules or minute subulate, leaves lanceolate acuminate, racemes 
lateral and terminal not panicled, pod oblong sessile densely velvety 2-3 times 
the calyx. 

Western Peninsula ; Concan, Jacquemont, Stocks, Law. 

A stiff erect shrub with the habit and slender sulcate thinly silky branches of 
C. juncea and tetragona. Leaves 4-6 in., membranous, green, thinly clothed on both 
sides with shining brown silky hairs, rather rounded at the base. Racemes laxly 12-20- 
flowered, reaching ^ ft. long ; bracts lanceolate very minute. Calyx \ in., densely 
silky ; teeth linear, very deep. Corolla yellow, not exserted. Pod 5-6-seeded, |— | in. 
long. 

53. C. tetra.g'ona, Roxh. Ft. Ind. iii. 263 ; branches angular, stipules 
or minute subulate, leaves large linear or lanceolate acuminate, racemes lateral 
and terminal not panicled, pod linear-oblong short-stalked rarely 2-3 times the 
calyx. Andr. Bot. Rep. t. 593 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 128 ; Wall. Cat. 5367, A-0. ; 
W. 8f A. Prodr. 185. C. grandiflora, Zolling. in Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 333. 

KuMAON (up to 3500 ft.), and along the Himalayas to Sikkim and Assam. Pegu, 
McClelland. — Distrib. Java. 

A stiff shrub, reaching 6 ft. high, with sulcate thinly silky slender erecto-patent 
branches. Leaves short-stalked, distant, membranous, both sides thinly silky or 
glabrescent, reaching ^1 ft. Racemes laxly 6-10-flowered, half a foot or more long; 



Crotalaria.] L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 79 

bracts minute, linear. Calyx |-1 in. long, densely brown-velvety ; teeth very long, 
linear or lanceolate, acuminate. Corolla lemon-yellow, glabrous, little exserted. Pod 
1^2 in. long, densely persistently dark-brown and velvety, 12-20-seeded. 

54. C. juncea, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 126 ; branches terete multLsulcate, 
stipules or minute subulate, leaves linear or oblong rather obtuse, racemes 
lateral and terminal not panicled, pod oblong sessile velvety twice the calvx 
Bot. Ma^. t. 490 ; Roxh. Cor. PI. t. 193 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 259 ; Wall. Cat. 5409 ; 
W. 8f A. Prodr. 185 ; Ddz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 54. 0. fenestrata, Bot. Mag. 
t. 1933. 0. benghalensis, Lamk. ; DC. P'odr. ii. 125 : Wall. Cat. 5395. C. 
tenuifolia, Bo.vb. Fl. Ind. ii, 263; DC. Prodr. ii. 126; Wall. Cat. 5368. 
C. porrecta, Wall. Cat. 5363. C. viminea, Wall. Cat. 5397 B. C. sericea, 
Willd. not of Retz.—Rheede Hort. Mai. ix. t. 2^. 

Plains from the Himalayas to Cetlon, but often planted for its fibre. Birma, 
Wallich ; Pegu, McClelland. — Distrib. Malay isles, Australia. 

A stiff shrub several feet high, with slender virgate rigid thinly silky branches. 
Leaves rather distant, firm, linear or oblong, usually 1^3 in., shining on both 
sides with thin short brown silky hairs. Racemes loosely 12-2C-flowered, reaching a 
foot long; bracts minute, linear. Calyx ^-| in. long, densely clothed with ferru- 
ginous velvety hairs ; teeth linear-lanceolate, very deep. Corolla bright yellow, 
glabrous, slightly exserted. Pod 1-1^ in. long, clothed with short-spreading persistent 
silky hairs, lO-l.'i-seeded. Yields Sun fibre. 

55. C. obtecta, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6372 ; branches terete, stipules 
or minute deciduous, leaves oblong obtuse, racemes terminal and lateral not 
panicled, pod stalked densely velvety twice the calyx. W. ^ A. Prodr. 186 ; 
Ic. t. 208 and 383. 0. tetragona, Wall. Cat. 6367 D. 

Western Peninsttla; Nilghiris and Cochin. 

A tall shrub, with curved woody branches densely clothed with short brown silky 
hairs. Leaves short-stalked, coriaceous, 2-4-in., both sides more or less silky. 
Racemes rather close, 12-20-flowered ; bracts minute, lanceolate. Calyx |-1 in., 
densely velvety, deeply bilabiate ; teeth linear. Corolla slightly exserted ; standard 
silky on the back. Pod 1^2 in. long, 10-12-seeded, densely coated with dark brown 
velvety pubescence. 

Var. 1. glabrescens ; branches and leaves glabrescent. C. glabrescens, Benth. 
in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 663. — Carnatic, near Courtallum, Wight. 

**Flozvers panicled. 

66. C. madurensis, Wight in Wall. Cat. 5376; leaves ovate-oblong 
closely silky, stipules 0, racemes panicled, bracts round cuspidate sulxieciduous, 
calyx-teeth narrow, corolla exserted, pod manj'-seeded much exserted. W. tV A. 
Prodr. 184 ; Benth. in Hook. Loud. Journ. ii. 563. C. candicans, W. ^- A. 
Prodr. 184. 

"Nilghiris and Madura hills, in the Carnatic. 

A stiflf erect undershrub, copiously paniculately branched. Branches clothed with 
short dense brown silky hairs. Leaves short-petioled, obtuse, subcoriaceous. broadly 
rounded at base, 2-4 in., clothed on both sides with fine very short shining silky 
hairs. Bracts fewer and more deciduous than in other panicled Eriooarpae. Calyx 
^ in. deep, densely silky, deeply bilabiate ; teeth narrow, acuminate, two upper 
lanceolate. Corolla | in. ; standard rather pointed, densely silky on the back. Pod 
short-stalked, nearly glabrescent, 10-12-seeded, 1 in. long. 

57. C. subperfoliata, Wight in Wall. Cat. 6377 ; leaves oblong acute 
closely silky, stipules 0, racemes panicled, bracts round spreading persistent, 



80 L -LEGUMiNOS-E. (J. G. Baker.) \_Grotalaria. 

calyx-teeth narrow, corolla twice calyx, pod many-seeded much exserted. 
W. ^ A. Prodr. 184 ; Benth. in Hook. Lond. Joum. ii. 563. 

Carnatic ; Dindygul hills alt. 2000 ft., Wight. 

Greneral habit and inflorescence just as in C. madurensis, to which it is closely 
allied. Leaves thinner, narrowed to a point, less rounded at the base, 2-4 in. long. 
Branches densely clothed with short spreading silky hairs ; bracts sometimes opposite, 
^ in. long, densely silky on the back. Calyx ^— | in. deep, finely silky ; teeth lanceo- 
late, acuminate, with reflexed borders. Corolla |-| in. ; standard rather pointed, silky 
on the back. Pod oblong, stalked, twice the calyx, with 12 or more seeds. 

58. *C. ftilva, Roi'h. Fl. Ind. iii. 266 ; leaves oblanceolate closely silky, 
stipules or minute subulate, racemes panicled, bracts ovate cuspidate, calyx- 
teeth broad foliaceous, corolla slightly exserted, pod oblong 2-seeded included. 
Wail. Cat. 5375; W. 8f A. Pi'odr. 183; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomh. Fl. 54. 0. 
pulchra, DC. Prodr. ii. 126, not of Andrews. C. grandis, Hort. Calcutt. 

Maisoe, the CoNCAN, Nilghiris, and Ceylon. — Distrib. Java, Sumatra, and 
naturalised in the Seychelles and Mauritius. 

A stiff erect shrub 3-5 feet, copiously paniculately branched. Branches densely 
clothed with short brown silky hairs. Leaves nearly sest>ile, subcoriaceous, 3-4 in. 
long, obtuse or subacute, cuneate at the base, shining on both sides, with a silky lustre 
from minute hairs. Branches elongated with several bracts flowerless. Calyx ^— | in. 
deep, densely silky, with a pair of conspicuous bracteoles ; upper teeth oblong, lower 
lanceolate. Corolla |-1 in. ; standard rather pointed, densely silky on the back. 
Fod thinly silky, sessile, about as long as the calyx. 

59. C pulclierriina, Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 267 ; leaves oblanceolate-oblong 
closely silky, stipules 0, racemes panicled, bracts copious ovate-acmninate 
reflexed, upper calvx-teeth broad foliaceous, corolla scarcely exserted, pod 
oblong included 5-6-seeded. Bot. Mag. t. 2027 ; Wall. Cat. 5374 ; DC. Prodr. 
ii. 125 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 184 ; Wt. Ic. t. 481. 0. pulchra, Andr. Bot. Rep., 
t. 601, not of DC. 

Ndlghiris. 

A stiff erect shrub 3-4 ft. high, copiously paniculately branched. Leaves nearly 
sessile, subcoriaceous, obtuse or subacute, cuneate at the base, 3-4 in. long, shining on 
both sides with dense short close brown silky hairs. Flowers few, near the top of the 
branches ; bracts numerous, large, reflexed, persistent ; pedicels short, densely silky. 
Calyx |-| in. long ; upper segments oblong, lower lanceolate ; standard silky on the 
back. Fod oblong, bright brown, sessile, as long as the calyx. 

60. C. lunulata, Heyne in Wall. Cat. 5378 ; leaves oblanceolate acute 

loosely silky, stipules small obtuse, racemes panicled, bracts copious persistent 
like the stipules, calyx-teeth narrow, coroUa twice the calyx, pod oblong 
1-seeded scarcely exserted. W, ^ A. Prodr. 183 ; Wight Ic. t. 480 ; Benth. in 
Hook. Lond. Joum. ii, 564. 

Tanjore, in the Carnatic ; Cbylon. 

A stiff erect undershrub, copiously paniculately branched, clothed with dense 
spreading brown silky hairs. Leaves short-petioled, moderately firm, densely silky, 
cuneate at the base, usually 1-2 in. Branches elongated, with numerous am- 
plexicaul reflexed small bracts below the flowers. Calyx densely silky, |-^ in, long ; 
teeth long, all linear, the edges slightly recurved. Corolla |-^ in. ; standard rather 
pointed, thinly silky on the back. Fod sessile, finely silky, as long as the calyx. 

61. C. raxnoslssixna, Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 268; leaves small oblanceolate 
densely silky, stipules 0, racemes panicled, bracts lanceolate persistent, calyx- 
teeth narrow, corolla little exserted, pod l-seeded scarcely exserted. W. ^ A. 



Crotalaria.] L. leguminosjs. (J. G. Baker.) 81 

Prodr. 183. C. tomentosa, Hottl. in Wall. Cat. 5380. 0. pellita, Bert. ; DC. 
Prodr. ii. 128? 0. Campbellii, Am. in Wight. Cat. 1>31G. 

Western Penixsitla, Bottler, Heyne ; interior of Bengal, Jloxhurgh. 

Shrubby, erect, much branched. Stems a foot or less high, densely coated, like th& 
leaves, with thick silky brown hairs. Leaves crowded, subsessile, subobtuse, thick, 
cuneate at the base, |-1 in. long. Branches densely pubescent, generally short. Bracts 
not abundant, small, falcate, silky on the back, black and viscous on the face. Calyx 
J- in. long; teeth long, linear, with reflexed edges. Corolla ^\x\.\ st-mdard pointed, 
silky on the back. Pod sessile, as long as the calyx, oblong, densely silky. 

62. C. panlculata, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 126; leaves small oblanceo- 
late loosely silky, stipules linear, racemes panicled, bracts copious persistent 
falcate linear-subulate, calvx-teeth narrow, corolla exserted, pod 1-2-seeded 
scarcely exserted. Roxh. Fl. Did. iii. 274 ; Wall. Cat. 5379 ; W. ^' A. I^odr, 
183. C. chinensis, Lamk. Diet. ii. 195, not of Linn. Ononis glutinosa. Mart, 
in Denk. Acad. Man. vi. 165. 

Carnatic, near Vellore. — Distrib. Java. 

Shrubby, 2-3 feet high, with very numerous stiff ascending branches, clothed with 
loose brown silky hairs. Leaves 1-1^ in. long, obtuse, loosely silky, cuneate at the base, 
nearly sessile ; stipules just like the very copious bracts, conspicuous, falcate, with 
reflexed glandular margins. Branches short, with a few flowers near the end. Calyx 
I iuv ; teeth long, silky on the back, lanceolate or linear with recurved viscous edges 
like the bracts and bracteoles. Corolla ^— | in. ; standard very silky on the back. 
Pod oblong, sessile, finely silky. 

Grotip 8. TrlfoliolataB DispermaB. Leaves 3-foliolate. Pod ob- 
liquely subglobose, small, sessile, 2-seeded. Perennial herbs or undershrubs. 
O^Tiolobus, P. Br. 

63. C. xnedicag'inea, Lamk. Diet. ii. 201 ; herbaceous, branches slender 
diffuse thinly clothed \v'ith adpressed silky hairs, petiole shorter than the small 
oblanceolate leaflets, racemes 2-6-flowered, corolla twice the calyx. W. ^- A. 
P'odr. 192 ; Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 577 ; Thwaites Enum. 82 ; Boiss. 
Fl. Orient, ii. 26. 0. procumbens, Po.vb. Hort. Bene/. 98 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 278, et 
Wall. Cat. 5437, inpm-t. 0. foliosa, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 131. C. divaricata, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5436. 0. virgata. Mart. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 131. Indigofera 
capitata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5490. 

Tropical region, from the West Himalayas to Ceylon and Birma, ascending to 
6000 ft. in Kashmir. — Distrib. Malay isles, Afghanistan, China and Australia. 

A diffuse perennial, with slender much-branched stems, ^l ft. long, thinly silky 
upwards. Stipules setaceous, very minute, deciduous ; leaflets J— .J in. long, retuso 
emarginate, glabrous above, obscurely silky below. Bacemes copious, terminal and 
leaf-opposed ; peduncles exceeding t^^e leaves ; bracts minute, hnepr. Calyx thinly 
silky, campanulate, ^ in. deep ; teeth linear, exceeding the tube. Corolla yellow. Pod 
^ in. long, glabrescent. 

Var. 1. herniarioides ; stems prostrate very slender, leaflets very small nearly 
or quite as broad as long, peduncles short 1-3-flowered. C. herniarioides, W. t)- A. 
Prodr. 192. 

Var, 2. ncglecta ; branches more robust and more ascending than in the type, 
racemes 6-9-flowered, leaflets rather larger. C. neglecta, W. t|- A. Prodr. 192. C. 
procumbens, Boxb. Sf Wall, ex parte. 

Var. 3. luxurians ; stems much stronger. 2-3 ft. high, petioles reaching A in. 
long, terminal leaflet |-1 in., racemes G-Ti-flowered. C. luxurians, Bcnih. in Hook, 
Lond. Journ. ii. 578. C. medicaginea, Hamilt. in, WalK Cat. 5434. 

64. C. Wllldenoviana, DC. Prodr. ii. 134 ; herbaceous or suflLruticosc, 



82 L. LEGUMiNOS-i;. (J. G. Baker.) \_Crotalarla. 

branches often stiff clotlied with short fine down, petiole shorter than the small 
ohlanceolate leaflets, racemes 3-6-flowered, corolla thrice the calyx. W. Sr ^• 
Prodr. 191 ; Bmth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 579. C. spartioides, Spreng. ; Wcdl. 
Cat. 5435. 0. genistoides, Willd. Sp. PL iii. 987, nan Lamk. 

Western Peninsula. 

Perennial, reaching 2-3 ft. high, with very numerous ascending elongated tranches. 
Stipules small, setaceous, persistent; leaflets |— ^ in. long, firm, obtuse, emarginate, 
ailky on both sides. Racemes copious, terminal and lateral ; bracts minute, linear- 
setaceous, persistent. Calyx ^ in. long, finely downy; teeth linear, exceeding the 
tube. Corolla yellow ; keel with a narrower and longer beak than in the last. Pod 
pubescent, ^ in. long. 

65. C trlfoliastrum, JVilld. Sp. PI. iii. 983 ; herbaceous, branches elong- 
ated ascending finely downy, petioles exceeding the obovate-oblong leaflets, 
racemes elongated 12-40-flowered, corolja thrice the calyx. Roxb. Fl. Ind. 
iii. 277 ; Wall. Cat. 5432, excl. G. H. ; W. i^- A. Prodr. 191 ; Wight Ic. t. 421. 
C. virgata, Roxh. in E. I. C. Mas. tab. 373. 0. medicaginea, DC. Prodr. ii. 133. 
O. stricta, Roth. ; DC. P'odr. ii. 133. Lupinus trifoliatiis, Rottl. in Noo. Act. 
Per. iv. 223, t. 5. 0. stipitata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5425, A. 

Assam and "Western Peninsttla. 

An erect inrennial 2-3 ft. high, with numerous erecto-patent slender branches. 
Petioles an inch or more ; stipules minute, setaceous ; leaflets membranous, ^1 in. 
long, glabrous above, obscurely silky below, obtuse at the point, often deeply emar- 
ginate. Racemes copious, both terminal and lateral, short-peduncled, reaching 4-6 in. 
long ; bracts minute, setaceous. Calyx ^ in. long, finely silky ; teeth linear, twice the 
length of the tube. Corolla yellow, glabrous. Pod subquadrangxilar, sessile, thinly 
silky, ^ in. long. 

66. C. Notonii, W. Sf A. Prodr. 192 ; shrubby, hranchlets elongated ob- 
scurely silky, leaflets middle-sized obovate-oblong, racemes closely 12-20- 
flowered, corolla 2-3 times the calyx. Wight Ic. t. 752. 0. trlfoliastrum, Wall. 
Cat. 5432, G. 0. rostrata, W. ^- A. Prodr. 191. 

NiLGHiRis and Pulney Mountains. 

Branches firm, ascending, terete, clotlied with minute grey silky hairs. Stipules 
setaceous, persistent, ^ in. ; petioles shorter than the leaflets ; leaflets cuneate in the 
lower half, reaching l-l^- in. long, green and glabrous above, thinly silky below. 
Racemes copious, short-pedunclcd lateral and terminal, 1-3 in. long; bracts small, 
setaceous. Calyx thinly silky, ^ in. long ; teeth lanceolate, equalling the tube. 
Corolla yellow ; keel with a very long beak. Pod ^ in. long, subquadrangular, thinly 
silky. 

67. C rigrida, Hetjne; DC. Prodr. ii. 133; shrubby, branchlets short stiff 
obscurely silky, leaflets minute obcordate, racemes 2-6-flowered, coroUa 2-3 
times the calyx. W. 8f A. Prodr. 191. 

Carnatic, Heyne, G. Thomson. 

A low shrub with very numerous woody subpatent branches, the old ones glabre- 
scent, the copious branchlets almost spiny in old plants. Stipules setaceous, very 
minute ; petiole very short ; leaflets pale green, thick, obscurely silky, not more than 
-^ in. long. Racemes copious, close, all terminal ; bracts linear, very minute. Calyx 
^ in. long, thinly silky ; teeth lanceolate, equalling the tube. Corolla yellow, glabrous ; 
beak of keel long and narrow. Pod ^ in. long, thinly silky. 

Group 9. Trifoliolatae Polyspermae. Leaves 3-foliolate. Pod ob- 
long or cylindrical, stalked or sessile, glabrous or pubescent, many-seeded. Herba 
or shrubs. 



Crotalaria.'] l. lequminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 83 

68. C. orlxensis, Jtottl. ; DC. Pt-odr. ii. 131 ; herbaceous, diffiLse, thinly 
Imiry, leaflets obovate-oblong obtuse, racemes very lax, bracts foliaceous per- 
sistent, coroUa sniaU scarcely exserted, pod oblong glabrous long-stalked. Roxh. 
Hort. Ben<j. 98; Fl Ind. iii. 27G ; Wall. Cat. 6426; W. 4" A. Ih-odr. 103; 
Dalz. ^ Gibs. JBotnb. Fl. 57. C. macropoda, A. Rich, Fl. Abyss, i. 157. 

Plains throughout the Western Peniksthla. — Distrib. Abyssinia. 

Pcre7inial, with spreading slender copiously-branched stems, 1-1 rV ft. long, clothed 
Tnth short spreading brown hair.s, which are bulbous at the base. Stipules linear, 
persistent; petiole ^1 in.; leaflets 1-H in. long, moderately firm, glabrous above, 
thinly clotlied with long hairs below. Lateral racemes numerous, 3-12-ttowen-d ; 
bracts large, ovate-acuminate, reflexed ; pedicels filiform, 3-4 times the calyx. Calyx 
^ in. long ; teeth linear, long. Fod ^— ^ in. long, 8-10-seeded, with a stalk as long 
as the calyx. — The only representative of the DiffiiscB in the trifoliolate series. 

69. C. laBvigrata, Lamk. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 131 ; fniticose, obscurely downy, 
leaflets obovate-oblong obtuse, racemes terminal 2-4-flowered, bracts minute 
setaceous, corolla 2-3 times the calyx, pod oblong glabrous long-stalked. Betith. 
in Hook. Lond. Jouni. ii. 576. C. stipitata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5425, B. ; W. 
4- A. Prodr. 193. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula. 

A small shrub, with long ^lender terete erecto-patent branches, finely downy or 
glabrescent. Stipules minute, setaceous, deciduous; petiole as long as leaves ; leaflets 
^H in. long, green and glabrous above, pale and obsciirely silky below. Racemes 
ijubcorymbose at the end of copious branchlets ; pedicels cernuous, bracteolate, thinly 
silky. Calj/.v ^ in. deep, thinly silky; teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corc^^^' 
yellow, |— I in. ; keel with a very long beak. Pod ^-^ in. long, 8-10-seeded, with a 
etalk as long as the calyx. 

70. C. incana, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 132 ; sufiruticose, loosely downy, 
leaflets obovate obtuse, racemes terminal and lateral elongated, bracts minute, 
coroUa slightly exserted, pod subsessile cylindrical loosely pubescent. Pot. Reg. 
t. 37^. 6. affinis, DC. Prodr. ii. 132. ' 0. Schimperi,"^ A. Rich. Fl. Abyss, i. 
151. C. herbacea, Schiueig. in Schranck Syll. ii. 77. 

Ktjmaon ; 5000 ft., Strachey and Winterbottom, Edqeworth ; Ceylon, Gardner, 
&c. Perhaps naturalised only. — Distrib. Malay isles, Trop. Africa and America, 
common. 

An undershrub, 2-4 ft. high, with robust terete branches, the whole plant, including 
calyx and pod, clothed with fine spreading brown silky hairs. Stipules setaceous, 
minute; leaflets 1^2 in. long, very obtuse, cuneate in the lower half, mombrrtnous. 
Racemes closely 1 2-20 -flowered, reaching 6-9 in. long. Calyx \ in. long ; teetli long, 
lanceolate. Fads deflcxed, rather recurved, 1-H in. long, 20-30-sceded. 

71. C. clavata, W. 8; A. P-odr. 104; shrubby, obscurely downy, leaflets 
obovate obtuse, racemes terminal and lateral elongated, bracts minute .cetaceous, 
corolla much exserted, pod thinly silky oblong-cylindrical short-stalk-ed. Bntth. 
in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 587. C. cytisoides, Wiyht in Wall. Cat. 5424, D. 

Carnatic ; Dindygul hills, Wight. 

A low shrub with arcuate ascending terete glabrescent branches. Stipules 
setaceous, very minute ; petiole shorter than the leaflets; leaflets thick, rather fleshy, 
obtuse, cuneate in the lower half, pale, sabe:labrous. Racemes 20-3U-floworiil, slmrt- 
peduncled, reaching ^ ft. long. Calyx campanulate, thinly silky, jj-^ in. long: teeth 
lanceolate, as long iis the tube. Corolla yellow, glabrous, f in. long. Pod deflexed, 
rather recurved, 10-12-seeded. 

72. C. bractcata, Ro.rb. Fl. Lid. iii. 378 ; shrubby, obscurely downy, 
leaflets large oblong acute, racemes terminal and lateral elongated, bracts minute 



84 L. LEGUMIN0S2E. (J.G.Baker.) [Grotalana, 

setaceous, corolla much exserted, pod subsessile oWong-cylindrical densely 
pubescent. Wall. Cat. 5423 ; Benth. in Hook. Lond. Journ. ii. 586. 

Bhotan, Chittagong, Birma, Pegu, Texasserim. — Distrib. Malay isles, Philippines. 
A low shrub with elongated flexuose slender finely downy or glabrescent 
branches. Siipules setaceous, very minute ; petiole 2-3 in. ; leaflets membranous, 
narrowed to both ends, 2-4 in. long, glabrous above, obscurely silky below. Racemes 
short-peduncled, closely 12-30-flowered. Calyx ^ in. long, finely silky ; teeth lanceolate, 
as long as tube. Corolla pale yellow, |— ^ in. long. Pods deflexed, rather recurved, 
hard, 8-10-seeded, densely clothed with spreading pale brown hairs. 

73. C. Striata, DC. Prodr. ii. 131 ; shrubby, obscurely silky, leaflets 
obovate-oblong- obtuse or subacute, racemes terminal and lateral elongated, bracts 
setaceous minute, corolla twice the calyx, pod short-stalked glabrous cylindrical. 
Bot Mag. t. 3200. 0. Brownei, Reich. Icon. Exot. t. 232 ; DC. Pi'odr. ii. 130. 
0. Hookeri, Am. in Ann. Sc. Kat. ser. ii. 3, 248. 0. pisiformis, Guill. 8c Per. 
Fl. Seneg. 162. 0. Saltiana, Andr. Bot. Rep. t. 648. 0. latifolia, Hort. Cole. 
C. pallida and laburnoides, Klotzsch in Peters. Mossam. Bot. 57. 

Himalayas to Ceylon and Malacca. — Distrib. Malay isles and spread -through 
Tropical America and Africa. 

An erect low shrub 2-4 ft. high, with robust sulcata thinly silky branches. 
Stipules minute, setaceous, decidiious ; petiole 2-3 in. ; leaflets membranous, 3-4 in. 
long, usually subobtuse, green and glabrous above, pale and obscurely silky below. 
Racemes 20-50-flowered, reaching ^-1 ft. long. Calyx \ in. long, thinly silky ; teeth 
lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla glabrous, yellow striped with red. Pods 
deflexed, rather recurved, 1|— 2 in. long, 20-30-seeded. 

74. C. labumifolia, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii, 130 ; shrubby, glabrous, leaflets 
obovate-oblong acute, racemes elongated very lax, bracts minute deciduous, 
coyolla large much exserted, pod cylindrical glabrous long-stalked. Wall. Cat. 
5424, ed-cLD ; Roib. Fl. Ind. iii.' 275 ; W. ^- A. P?-odr. 193 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. 
Bomb. Fl. 57. C. pendula, Bert. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 130. C. pedunculosa, Desv. ; 
DC. Prodr. ii. 132. Clavulium pedimculosum, Desv. in Ann. Sc. Xat. ix. 407 ; 
Rheede Hort. Mai. ix. t. 27 ; Biirm. Zeyl. t. 35. 

Western Pexixsula, Ceylon, Malacca. — Distrib. Philippines and Malay isles. 

A low shrub with slender elongated terete branches. Stipules ; petiole 2-3 in. ; 
leaflets membranous, glabrous, 1-2 in. long, cuneate at the base. Racemes terminal 
and lateral, ^-1 ft. long ; pedicels exceeding the calyx. Calyx glabrous, turbinate, 
5— f in. long ; teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla bright yellow, glabrous, 
1 in. deep ; keel very broad with a long incurved beak. Pod, 1^—2 in. long, 20-30- 
seeded ; gynophore filiform, |-1 in. long, much exceeding that of any other species. 

Groitp 10. MultifoliolatSB. Leaves usually 5-, but varying from 3- to 
7-foliolate. Pod glabrous, oblong or linear-oblong, distinctly stalked, many- 
seeded. Herbs or under-shrubs. 

75. C. quinquefolia, Z2n;?. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 135; herbaceous, branches 
and leaves below thinly silky, leaflets linear, bracts linear thinly silky, lower 
])edicels at last as long as the calyx, Roxh. Fl. Lid. iii. 279 ; Dalz. 4'* Gibs. 
Bomb. Fl. 57 ; Wall. Cat. 5429 ; W. 4'- A. Prodr. 194 ; ///. t. IQ— Rheede Hort. 
Mai. ix. t. 28. 

Western Peninsula, Ceylon, Birma, Tenasserim:. — Distrib. Malay isles, 
Philippines, 

An erect annual 2-4 ft. high, with robust straight sulcata branches. Stipules 
linear, subpersistent ; petioles 1-3 in.; leaflets usually 5, rarely 3, linear, rarely 
narrow oblanceolate, 2-4 in, long, obtuse, glabrous above. Racemes usually terminal. 



Grotalaria.'] L. leguminos-S. (J. G. Baker.; 85 

laxly lO-20-flowered, reaching ^ ft. long; bracts persistent, as long as the pedicels. 
Calyx campanulate, subglabrous, ^ in. long; teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube. 
Corolla glabrous, twice the calyx. Pod oblong, glabrous, distinctly stalked, 1 ^2 in. 
by £-1 in., 30-40-seeded. — C. hetcrojphyUa, L. DC. Prodr. ii. 131, is a trifoliolate 
form. 

70. C. Grabamiana, W. Sf A. Prodr. 194 ; shrubby, branches and leaves 
below densely clothed with adpressed silky hairs, leaflets oblanceohite, bracts 
linear thinlv silky, lower pedicels as long as the calvx. C diiritata, Wight in 
Wall. Cat. 5430,' 720H Hook. 

Caknatic ; Pulney hills at 4000 ft. 

Branches firm, elongated, angular, persistently silky. Stipules linear, reflexed, 
persistent ; petiole reaching 3-4 in., silky like the branches ; leaflets thicker than in 
C. qidnquefolia, 2-3 in. long, often 7, glabrous above, obtuse. Racemes closely 12-30- 
flowered, |-^ ft. ; bracts ^-^ in., acuminate, reflexed, persistent. Calyx '^wst like that 
or' C. quinquefolia. Corolla yellow, glabrous, half as long again as the calyx. Pod 
linear-oblong, 1^2 in. long, distinctly stalked. 

77. C. dig-itata, Hook. Bot. Misc. ii. 354, sirpjil. t. 16 (C. quinquefolia) ; 
shrubby, branches and leaves on both sides clothed ^\'ith loose soft tonientum, 
leaflets obovate-cuueate, bracts lanceolate tomentose, pedicels twice the calvx. 
W. ^- A. Prodr. 194, non Wight in Wall. Cat. 5430. 

Carnatic ; Madura hills, Wight. 

A low shrub ; the whole plant, except calyx and corolla, clothed with loose 
soft pale brown velvety tomentum. Stipules ^ in. long, linear-setaceous, reflexed, 
persistent; petiole 2-3 in.; leaflets 3-5, thick^and soft, cuneat-e in the lower half, 
very obtuse, the end one reaching 2^3 in. long, |-1 in. broad, the outermost sometimes 
unequal-sided. Pacemes terminal and lateral, short-peduncled, closely 12-20- 
flowered ; bracts lanceolate acuminate, densely velvety, patent, persistent. Calyx 
glabrous, -f-f in. long ; teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla yellow, gia- 
brons, 1 in. Jong. Pod linear-oblong, 2-2^ in. long. 

C. ELT.iPTiCA, Roxh. in Wall. Cat. .5433 (C. Yachellii, H. ^- A.), and C. vasculosa, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5427, have no claim to rank as Indian species, having been in- 
troduced to the Calcutta Garden, the former from China, and the latter from 
Mauritius. 

0. ONONIS, Linn. 

Undershrubs or herbs, often viscid. Leaves with pinnately 3-foliolate toothed 
leaflets. Cabjx-tuhe campanulate ; teeth long, subequal. Petals clawed ; 
standard roundish ; wings obovate-oblong ; keel incurved, acute. iStatnens 
monadelplious, the alternate filaments dilated at the apex ; anthers dimorphous. 
Ovary in our plant subsessile, few-ovided ; style filiform, abruptly incurved, 
stigma minute oblique. Pod oblong, turgid, continuous -sWthin. — Distrib. 
Species GO, mainly Mediterranean and European. 

1. O. hircina, Jacq. Hort. Vind. t. 93; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 5G. O. 
altissima, Lam. Diet. i. 506; DC. Prodr. ii, 162. O. arvensis, Linn. herb, in 
part. 0. procurrens, Benth. in Bogle III. 197. 

Tkmperate West Himalaya ; Tibkv and Kashmir, alt. 5-7000 ft. — Distrib. 
Orient, West Siberia, Europe. 

An undcrshruh. with ascending unarmea pubescent stems. Stipules large, leafy, 
adnata to the short petioles ; leaflets oblong, obtuse. Flowers reddish, in pairs at the 
axils of the leaves, forming a close leafy raceme at the end of the branches. Calyx 
% in. ; teeth linear, exceeding the tube. Pod oblong, downy, not exserted, 2-3-seeded. 



86 L. 'LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Trifolium, 

10. TRIFOZ.ZUBX, Linn. 

Annual or perennial herbs. Leaves witli stipules adnate to the petiole and 
digitately 3-foliolate leaflets. Floivers small, copious, in dense axillary heads. 
Calyx tube turbinate ; teeth mostly 5 subequal. Corolla adnate to the staniinal 
tube, and fading without falling ; standard and wings narrow ; keel straight, 
obtuse. Stam&ns diadelphous ; filaments more or less dilated ; anthers uniform. 
Ovary sessile or stalked, few-ovuled ; style filifoim, incurved above the base ; 
stigma oblique. Pod minute, included, membranous, indehiscent, 1 or few- 
seeded. — DisTRiB. Species perhaps 200, mostly European and Oriental, many 
N. American and Trop. African. 

T. BnNTJS, Smith, is included in Hohenacker's Neilgherry plants, no doubt from 
introduced specimens. 

T. EESUPINATUM, Lvm., is largely cultivated in Afghanistan, Hazara and Kbagan, 
in the subtropical zone. 

1. T. pratense, Linn. - DC. Prodr. ii. 195 ; erect, heads subtended by a 
pair of opposite leaves, calyx not accrescent. Poiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 115. 

Kashmir to G-arwhal, 4-8000 ft. — Distrib. Afghanistan, Siberia, Orient, Europe. 

Perennial; stems a foot or more high, slightly downy. Stijyicles very broad; 
leaflets oblong ; toothing obscure. Heads roundish ; flowers very dense, usually red. 
Calyx pubescent ;' teeth setaceous, the lovt^est longer than the rest, exceeding the tube. 
Pod 1 -seeded, opening by a lid. — One of the common forage clovers. 

2. T. repens, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 198 ; trailing, peduncles elongated 
naked, calyx not accrescent. Poiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 145. T. veuulosum, Poyle 
MSS. 

Temperate and Axpine Himalaya, ascending to 20,000 ft. ; Nilghiris and 
Ceylon, perhaps introduced. — Distrib, Through Eiu:ope and Asia, also North 
America. 

Stems slender, glabrous, wide-creeping. Stipules narrow ; petioles and peduncles 
long, ascending; leaflets obovate emarginate, distinctly toothed. Heads glohoao, vot 
dense; flowers finally deflexed. Calyx glabrous; teeth subequal, shorter than the 
tube. Corolla white or with a pink tinge. Pod minute, linear, 3-4-seeded. — Com- 
monly cultivated. 

3. T. frag'iferuxn, Linn.; DC. Prodr. ii. 202; trailing, peduncles elon- 
gated naked, fruit calyx accrescent. Poiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 135. 

Kasht"r, temperate zone, Jacquemont, Thomson. — Distrib. Europe, Orient, K. 
Africa, Abyssinia. 

Hahit of T. repejis, for which it is easily passed over in flower. Stipjiles lanceo- 
late, with cuspidate points ; petioles and peduncles elongated ; leaflets less distinctly 
toothed. Corolla a deeper pink. Calyx in fruit becoming an ovoid membranous 
persistent bladder, enclosing the small 1-2-seeded pod. 

11. PAROCHETUS,Hamilt. 

A slender creeping herb. Leaves 3-foliolate. Floivers on axillary peduncles. 
Calyx tube campanulate ; two upper teeth subconnate. Corolla free from 
staminal tube ; standard broad, obovate clawed ; wings much shorter, obtuse ; 
keel as long as the wings, incurved and subacute at the tip. Stamens diadel- 
phous ; filaments not dilated ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile, linear, oc-ovulate ; 
style elongated, glabrous, suddenly incurved above the base, stigma terminal. 
Pod linear, turgid, continuous within. A single species. 

1. P. communis, Hamilt. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 403 ; Wall. Cat. 5972 ; Poyle 
Illusf. t. 35 ; Dm. Prodr. 241. P. major, Don Prodr. 241 ; DC. Prodr. loc. 



Tngonella.'} L. legtjmenos^. (J. G. Baker.) 87 

cit ; Wall. Cat. 5525; JF. ^ A. Prod. 252 ; Wiffht Ic. t. 483. P. oxalidifolia, 
JRatjle Illmt. 201. P. maculata, R. Br. in Beiin. PL Jav. Par. 1G2, t. 34. 

Alpine, Temperate and Sxjbtropical Himalaya from Simla and Garwhal to 
Assam, alt. 4-13.000 ft. Nilqiiiris, Ceylon, Birma, Wullich ; Tenasserim, Parish. — 
DisTRiB. Java, Zambesi-land. 

Rhizome thread-like, wide-creeping. Petiole long, filiform, bearing leaves like 
those of Oxalis Acetosella ; leaflets subsessile, obovate, cuneate, emjirginate, entire, 
glabrous or slightly pubescent. Peduncles overtopping the leaves, 1-2-flowered. 
Cahjx \ in. deep ; teeth lanceolate. Corolla ^\ in., purplish--white. Pod straight, 
glabrous, linear, ^-1 in. long. 

12. TRZGONBX.Z.A, L^n. 

Annual herbs. Leaver pinnately 3-foliolate, toothed. Floicers racemed, 
lemon-yellow. Cahj.v tube campaniilate ; teeth distinct, subequal. Petals free 
from the staminal tube ; standard and wings narrow ; keel shorter, obtuse. 
Stamens diadelphous ; filaments not dilated ; anftiers imiform. Ovary sessile, 
many-ovuled ; style glabrous ; stigma terminal. Pod linear or linear-oblong, 
compressed or subterete, not spiral, usually exserted,' many-seeded, continuous 
within. — DisTRiB. Species 60, mostly Mediterranean and Oriental. Many cul- 
tivated for forage. 

* Pod short, turgid. 

1. T. occulta, Delile ; DC. Prodr. ii. 185 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 84. T, 
arguta, Visiani PI. jEgypt. 33, t. 8, fig. 1. 

Plains of Scinde, Stocks; Upper Gangetic Plain, near Lucknow, Anderson. — 
DiSTRiB. Egypt, Nubia. 

DiiFuse, densely csespitose, glabrous or subglabrous, anntcal, with slender stems a 
few in. long. Stipules deeply laciniated ; petiole exceeding the sharply-toothed rainuto 
oblanceolato cuneate leaflets, Flowers 2-4 together in copious sessile axillary clusters. 
Calyx I in.; teeth linear-setaceous. Corolla slightly exserted. Pod elliptical, 
scarcely exserted, glabrous, usually 2 -seeded. 

** Pod long, turgid. 

2. T. rcenum-graecuin, imw. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 182; pod large long- 
beaked, reticulations distant not transverse. Roab. PI. Ind. iii. 381) ; IVall. Cat. 
5984; W. 8^' A. Prodr. 195; Sibth. ^ Sm. Fl. Grceca, t. 7G6 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient. 
ii, 70. 

Kashmir, Punjab, Upper Gangetic Plain, &c. — Distrib. South Europe and 
Orient, widely cultivated. 

Anntcal, robust, erect, subglabrous. Stipules not laciniated ; leaflets toothed, 
^1 in. long, oblanceolate-oblong. Flowers 1-2, sessile in the axils of the leaves. 
Calyx ^-^ in., teeth linear. Corolla much exserted. Pod 2-3 in. long, 10-20-seeded, 
■mth a long persistent beak, often falcate. 

3. T. polycerata, Linn.; DC. Prodr. ii. 184; pod small not beaked, 
reticulations close transverse, flowers 1-6 in a sessile or short-pedimcled umbel. 
T. incisa, Royle III. 197; Camb. in Jacq. Voy. Bot. 3G, t. 42 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient. 
ii. 76. T. pinnatifida, Cav. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 183. T. monantha, C. A. Meyer in 
Led. Fl. Ross. i. 534 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 77. T. orthoceras, Kar. ^- Kir. ; 
Walp. Rep. i. 637 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 77. T. geminitiora, Bunge Rel. Lehn. 
71. T. brahuica, Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 73. 

Punjab and Upper Gangetic Plain, ascending to 6000 ft. — Distrib. West 
Siberia, Orient, South Europe to Spain. 

Annual, more slender, branched and diffuse than in the last. Stipules not laci- 
niated; points setaceous; leaflets smaller, sharply inciso-dentate or even pinnatifid, 



88 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Trigonella. 

obovate; base deltoid, entire. Flowers 1-6 usually 2-4, sessile or on a short common 
peduncle in the axil of leaf. Calyx ^ in., subcylindrical ; teeth setaceous, shorter 
than tube. Corolla slightly exserted. Pod 1-2 in. long, falcate, ~ in. broad, much 
■wrinkled transversely, 10-20-seeded. 

4. T. haxnosa, Linn.; DC. Prodr. ii. 183; pod small not beaked, reti- 
culations close transverse, flowers 6-12 in short-peduncled racemes. Boiss. JFl. 
Orient, ii. 84. T. obcordata, Wall. Cat. 5986 ; Benfh. in Royle HI. 197. T. 
nervosa, Klotzsch in JReise Pr. Wald. Bot. 158, t. 1, fig-. 1. 

Included amongst Wallich's plants, -with the habitat of Tikari {Hamilton), but a 
doubtful native of India proper. — Distrib, Afghanistan, Egypt, Nubia, Cape. 

Annual, glabrous. Stems csespitose, diffuse, 1 ft. or more long. Stipules broad, 
deeply cut ; leaflets obovate-cuneate, shallowly toothed, |-|- in. long ; base deltoid, 
entire. Racemes close, equalling or falling short of the leaves, terminated by a spine. 
Calyx short-pedicelled, imder ^-^ in. deep ; teeth lanceolate, shorter than the tube. 
Corolla three times the calyx. Pod |-^ in. long, much curved, 4-6-seeded. 

*** Pod linear or linear-oblong jlat. 

5. T. gracilis, Benth. in Royle III. 197; glabrous, peduncles 1-3- 
flowered, corolla distinctly exserted, pod linear straight 6-8-seeded. 

Kashmir, Kxtiviaon, Gurwhal, &c., alt. 5-7000 ft. 

Stems very slender, trailing, 1-1 7 ft. long. Stipuks linear, faintly toothed ; 
petiole shorter than leaflets, often scarcely any; leaflets obovate-cuneate, 5—^ in. long, 
finely inciso-dentate, veins raised. Pedimcles filiform, exceeding leaves, ending in a 
conspicuous awn. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth setaceous, as long as the tube. Pod |— ^ in. by 
^ in,, marked with distinct rather close transverse veins. 

6. T. pubescens, Edgiv. MSS. ; finely downy, peduncles 1-3-flowered, 
corolla slightly exserted, pod linear-oblong straight 10--12-seeded. 

Hazara, Kashmir, Kumaon, Piti, Kuxawar, &c., alt. 5-10,000 ft. 

Stems more branched and stouter than in the last, reaching 1 ft, or more long. 
Stipules linear, faintly toothed ; petiole shorter than the blade ; leaflets obovate- 
oblong, cuneate at the base, distinctly inciso-dentate, ^— | in. long. Peduncle as long 
as the leaves, not ending in an awn. Calyx ^ in., finely downy ; teeth linear-setaceous, 
exceeding the tube. Pod downy at first, ^-^ in. by ^— ^ in, ; veins transverse, distinct, 
very close. 

7. T. emodi, Benth. in Royle III. 197 ; flowers 4-6 rarely up to 12 
closely racemose, corolla 2-3 times the calyx, pod linear-oblong Straight 4-6- 
seeded. Melilotus emodi. Wall. C«/^. 5941. ' TrigoneUa himalaica. Wall. MSS. 
T. cachemiriana, Camh. in Jacq. Voy. Bot. 36, t. 41. Botryolotus cachemy- 
rianus, Jauh. %■ Spach. Illust. i. 125. T. rhytidocarpa, Boiss. 4' ; Bal. Fl. Onent. 
ii. 78. 

Kashmir to Nipai, alt. 4-10,000 ft. — Distrib. Afghanistan, Persia, Orient. 

Habit and inflorescence of T. corniculata, from which it mainly differs in pod. Stems 
glabrous, copiously branched, 1 ft. or more high. Stipules slightly inciso-dentate, 
points linear-setaceous ; leaflets obovate, distinctly inciso-dentate in the wild form. 
Peduncles 1-2 in. long, terminated by. a distinct point. Calyx glabrous, ^-^ in. ; 
teeth linear, as long as the tube. Pod ^-| in. by ^-l in., glabrous, with close dis- 
tinct raised veins. 

8. T. corniculata, Li7in. ; D€. Prodr. ii. 184 ; flowers 6-12 closely race- 
mose, corolla 2-3 times the calyx, pod naiTow linear falcately recurved 4-8- 
seeded. Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 389 ; W. 8^- A. Prodr. 196 ; Wight Ic. t. 384 ; Sibth. 
4" Sm. Fl. Grceca, t. 761 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 83. T. elatior, Sibth. 8f Sm. Fl. 
Grceca, t, 762. T. fimbriata, Royle III. 197. T. esculenta, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. 
ii. 185 ; Wall. Cat. 5985. 



Melilotus.'l L. LEGUMrNOS.E. (J. G. Baker.) 89 

Bengal, Kashmir and Ladak to Kumaon, alt. 5-12,000 ft. — Disteib. Af- 
ghanistan!, Orient, South Europe. 

Diffuse, very much branched, glabrous, suberect, 1 ft. or more high. Stipules 
deeply or faintly toothed, points setaceous ; petiole as long as or exceeding leaflets ; 
leaflets obovate-cuneate, faintly inciso-dentato, ^-^ in. long. Peduncles exceeding the 
leaves, awned at the tip. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth sliorter than the tube. Pod \-^ in. by 
^ in., glabrous, marked with close transverse raised veins. 

13. XIXi:X.ZI.OTVS, Juss. 

Annrjil or biennial herb. Leaves with toothed pinnately 3-foliolate' leaflets. 
Floicers in long racemes. 0//y.r-tiibe campaniilate ; teeth 5^ subequal, lanceo- 
late. Corolla caducous, free from tlie staminal tube •, standard and winfrs 
nan-ow ; keel straio-ht, obtuse. Stamens diadelphous, filaments not dilated ; 
anthers uniform. Ovary sessile or stipitate, few-ovuled ; style filiform, plabrous, 
much incurved, stigma terminal. Pod oblonp-, much exserted, indehiscent. — 
DiSTRiB. Species about a dozen ; spread through the temperate regions of the 
Old World. 

1. TtL. parviflora, Desf.-, DC. Prodr. ii. 187 ; annual, corolla pale yellow 
minirte, standard exceedinsr wings and keel, pod glabrous. Wall. Cat. 5943 A, 
B. ; W. 4' A. Prodr. 196 ; ^Poiss^ Fl. Orient, ii. 108. M. indica. All. Ft. Ped. i. 
308. M. minima, Poth ; DC. Prodr. ii. 189. Trifolium indicum, Linn. ; Po.ib. 
Ft. Lnd. iii. 388. 

AVesterx Peninsula, Bengal, North vVest Provinces, tropical zone. — Dis- 
teib. Orient, Europe, and introduced in many other regions. 

Stems slender, 1-1 ^^ ft. high. Sfiptdes linear acuminate ; leaflets obovate or ob- 
lanceolate, retuse or emarginate. Flowcrirg-raccincs close ; frui ting-racemes 1-2 in. 
Calyx ^ in. ; teeth deltoid. Corolla not more than j'^ in. long. Pod ^-^in., obscurely 
reticulato-lacunose, usually 1-seeded. — M. parviflora, Wall. 5943 JD, is M. italica. 
Lam., only known in India in cultivation. 

2. ZMC. alba, Lamk. Diet. iv. 63 ; biennial, corolla white, standarji exceed- 
ing wings and keel, pod glabrous. Boiss. FL Orient, ii. 109. M. altissima, 
Wall. Cat. 5942, non Thuill. M. leucantha, Koch; DC. Prodr. ii. 187; W. i^- 
A. Prodr. 196. M. vulgaris, Willd. Enum. 490. 

Northern Provinces, ascending from the plains of Bengal to 12-13,000 ft. in 
NuBRA, and 11,000 ft. in Ladak. — Distrib. Europe, Orient, Siberia, &c. 

Much taller and more robust than the last. Stipides and leaflets similar. Bacemcs 
in flower 1^-2 in., in fruit 3-4 in. long. Calyx under ^ in. ; teeth lanceolate, shorter 
than the tube. Corolla always white, inodorous, 2-3 times the length of the calyx 
in the temperate zone, nearly as small as in 31. parviflora in the plains. Pod as in the 
last, but larger, often 2-seeded. 

3. Itt. officinalis, Willd. ; DC. P'odr. ii. 186 ; biennial, corolla yellow, 
standard the same length as the wings and keel, pod hair}-. Boiss. FL Orient. 
ii. 109. M. macrorhiza, Pers. ; DC. Prodr. ii. \^7. M. altissima, Thuill. Ft. 
Par. 378, non Wallich. Trifolium officinale, Willd. ; Poxh. FL Lid. iii. 388. 

Nubba and Ladak : 10-13,000 ft., Thomson, Stewart. — Distrib. Europe, Orient, &c. 

Very like M. alba in general habit and identical in stipules and leaflets. Eacemes 
denser, and not quite so long. Calyx — in.; teeth lanceolate, as long Jis the tube. 
Corolla linear, yellow, odorous, usually three times as long as the calyx. Pod dis- 
tinctly stipitate, ^ in. long, 1-2-seeded, not so obtuse. 

14. BIXSDZCAGO, Linn. 

Herbs, rarely shrubs. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate ; leaflets toothed. Caly.i- 
tube campanulate ; teeth 6, subequal. Corolla more or less exserted, free 



90 L. LEGTJMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Medicago, 

from the staminal tube ; standard and wings o"blong ; keel straiglit, obtuse. 
Sta77ie7is diadelphous ; filaments filiform ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile, 
usually many-ovuled ; style short, little incurved ; stigma oblique. Fod usually 
spirally twisted, many-seeded, indehiscent, rarely sickle-shaped, in M. lupulina 
one-seeded. — Disteib. Species about 40 5 spread principally round the Mediter- 
ranean. 

M. SATivA, Linn. ; Wall. Cat. 5945, A, B, probably a cultivated race of M.falcata, 
characterised by the pod forming a double spiral and flowers usually purple, is often 
grown for forage in 3Iadras, Bengal, and the North- West Provinces. 

* Suberect, ^jerennial. 

1. Z^. falcata, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 172 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 93. M. 
sativa, Wall. Cat. 5945 0, D. M. procumbens, Besser, Fi'im. Fl. Gal. ii. 127. 

Kashmir, Ladak, KunaWae, &c. ; alt. 5-13,0^0 ft. — Distrib. Affghanistan, 
Orient, and all through Europe. 

Subglahrous, copiously branched, 1-2 ft. high. Leaflets oblaneeolate, ^1 in. long. 
Peduncles exceeding leaves. Flowers 12-20, iix close racemes. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth 
setaceous, as long as the tube. Corolla bright yellow, twice the calyx. Pod linear, 
sickle-shaped, glabrous, |— f in. long, 5-10-seeded. 

** Diffuse trailing annuals or biennials. 

2. IMC. lupulina, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 172 ; biennial, pod minute linear 
sickle-shaped unarmed one-seeded. Wall. Cat. 5944 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 
105. 

Tropical and temperate tracts of the north-west, ascending from the Indi'S valley 
and Gangetic plain to 10-12,000 ft. — Distrib. Orient, Siberia, Europe, Abyssinia, 
often cultivated. 

Stem 1 ft. or more long, finely downy. Stipules toothed; points lanceolate, 
acuminate; leaflets obovate, faintly iuciso-crenate, base deltoid, entire. Flowers 
12-20, densely capitate ; peduncles exceeding the leaves. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth seta- 
ceous, as long as the tube. Corolla slightly exserted. Pod ^ in, long, indehiscent, 
glabrous or downy, faintly veined longitudinally, finally black. 

3. IIK. orbicularis, All. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 174 ; annual, pod spiral unarmed 
large vertically compressed. Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 97. 

Kashmir ; temperate region, Falcoyier. — Distrib. Orient, Mediterranean, Abys- 
sinia. 

Stems slender, subglabrous, a foot or more long. Stipules short, deeply laciniated ; 
leaflets ^— | in. long, obovate-cuneate, faintly inciso-dentate. Peduncles shorter 
than the leaves, 1-3-flowered. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth linear-setaceous. Corolla yellow, 
much exserted. Pod i-f in. broad, with 4-5 flattened spirals, distantly finely trans- 
versely veined. 

4. BX. laciniata, ^//. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 180; annual, stipules laciniated, 
pod small subglobose spiral muricated, corolla scarcely exserted. Boiss. Fl. 
Orient, ii. 104. 

Punjab; tropical region, Fleming, Jacq^iemont, Aitchison. — Distrib. Orient, Medi- 
terranean, Abyssinia. 

Stems glabrous, very slender, reaching a foot long. Leaflets \-^ in. long, obovate- 
cuneate, sharply inciso-dentate or even pinnatifid ; petiole equalling or exceeding 
leaflets. Peduncles filiform, awned, 1-2-flowered. Calyx narrowly turbinate, §■ in. ; 
teeth setaceous. Pod ^ in. broad with 4-5 sharply muricated spirals. 

5. 2^. denticulata, Willd.: DC. Prodr. ii. 17G ; annual, stipules laci- 
niated, corolla twice the calyx, pod subglobose spiral mmicated. Boiss. Fl. 
Orient, ii. 102. M. canescens, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5946. M. polymorpha, 
Boxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 390. 



Lotus.'] 1. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 91 

Tropical zone of the north-west : Scindk, Bengal, Otjde, Puxjah, Kumaox, &c. — 
DiSTRiB. Orient, Abyssinia, Europe, Japan, China, Siberia. 

Stems subglabrous, more robust than in M. minima and laciniata. Leaflets ^^-J in. 
long, obovate-cuneate, faintly toothed. Peduncles short, closely 2-6-flower«l, not 
awned. Calyx ~ in. ; teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Pod with 2-4 spirals, 
the veined face ^-\ in. broad without the spines, which are j^-k in- long ^^ the type, 
but reduced down to mere tubercles in the var. M. apiculata, Willd. 

6. TIL. minima, Lamk. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 178 ; annual, stipules subentire, pod 
small subglobose spiral muricated. Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 103. 

Kashmir, alt. 5-6000 ft., D. Thomson. — Disteib. Afghanistan, Orient, Mediter- 
ranean, Abyssinia, Exiropo. 

Finely downy, the sterns under \ ft. long. Petioles as long as the leaflets, which are 
obovate-cuneate, 5—^ in. long, distinctly toothed. Peduncles as long as the leaves, 
closely 2-5-flowered, not mucronate. Calyx ^ in., finely downy ; teeth linear-seta- 
ceous, as long as the tube. Corolla distinctly exserted. Pod ^ in. broad, exclusive of 
the long spines, formed of 4- o close spirals. 



15. ZiOTUS, Linn. 

Herts. Leaves usually 5-foliate, the lowest pair of leaflets arising from the base 
of the petiole like stipides. CalyX- tube campanulate, teeth subequal. Corolla 
caducous, free from the staminal tube; standard obovate clawed, exceeding 
the wings and incurved shortly beaked keel. Stamens diadelphous, iilaments 
dilated at the apex ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile, many-ovuled ; style lung» 
abruptly inflexed, stigma terminal. Pod linear, turgid, septate between the 
seeds. — Distrib. Species 60 or more, spread through Nortli and South temperate 
regions. 

L. major. Scop, is in Bellew's Kashgar collection. 

1. Zi. comiculatus, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 214 ;■ herbaceous, leaflets 5, 
upper 3 remote from lower 2, flowers in peduncled terminal umbels. Boiss. Fl 
Orient, ii. 165. L. bracteatus, Wall. Cat. 5939. 

West Himalayas, as far east as Nipax, principally in the temperate zone up to 
10,000 ft., but descending into the plains. — Distbib. Europe, Orient, Abyssinia, Japan, 
Australia. 

Perennial. Stems slender, glabrous or obscurely silky. Leaflets 5, the end one 
sessile and two lowest stipule like. Flowers 4-8 in a close umbel, sul)tended by a re- 
duced trifoliolate leaf, at the end of a long peduncle. Calyx \ in. ; teeth lanceolate-cus- 
pidate. Corolla showy, 2-3 times as long as the calyx. Pod cylindrical, straight, ^1 
in. long. 

Var. minor ; a dwarf form, from the plains of Scinde with solitary flowers and' 
fleshy leaflets ^ in. long. 

2. I,.? Garcini, DC. Prodr. ii. 212; suflruticose, leaflets 3 all sessile 
rarely 6, flowers sessile axillary solitary. Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 174. Ononis 
Aucheri, Jaub. 8f Sjxich Lit. PI. Orient, t. 90. L. Stocksii, Boiss. Fl. Orient, 
ii. 174. 

Scinde in sandy ground near the sea. Stocks. — Distrib. Through Persia to Nubia. 

Habit less like that of a Lotus than of an Ononis, to which genus it also approaches by 
its slightly dimorphous anthers. Stems \-l ft., copiously stiflHy branched, covered like 
the leaves with short grey tomentum. Leaflets pale, fleshy, ^— | in. long, obovate-cune- 
ate. Flowers copious, inconspicuous. Calyx \ in., densely downy; teeth linear, 
twice the tube. Corolla not exserted. Pod linear, straight, 6-6-seeded, ^-^ in. long, 

VOL. II. 



92 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Cyamopsis, 

16. CVAZHOPSZS, DO. 

Erect annuals, with 3-foliolate leaves, laterally attached hairs and small pur- 
plish flowers in axillary racemes. Cali/x-tuhe oblique ; teeth unequal, the lowest 
elongated, setaceous. Petals caducous : standard and wings narrow ; keel obtuse, 
slightly incurved. Stamens monadelphous ; anthers uniform, apiculate. Ovaiy 
sessile, linear, 6-8-ovuled ; style short, filiform, much incurved, stigma capitate. 
Pod linear, straight, subtetragonous, 2-valved, septate between the seeds. — 
D18TRIB. Species 2, the other Arabian and trop. African. 

1. C. psoralioldes, DC. Prodr. ii. 216; Wall. Cat. 5920; W. 8fA. 
Pfodr. 197; Wight Ic. t. 248. Psoralea tetragonoloba, Linn.Mant. 104. Lupinus 
trifoliatus, Cav. Ic. t. 59. Dolichos psoraloides, Lamk. Diet. ii. 300. D. fabse- 
formis, L'Herit. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 316. 

Plains from the Himalaya to the Western Peninsula, but often, perhaps always, 
cultivated. — Distrib. Afghanistan. 

A robust, erect annual, 2-3 ft. high, clothed with adpressed grey hairs attached by 
the middle, as in Indigofera. Stipules long, linear-setaceous ; leaves petioled, 3-foliolate ; 
leaflets ovate, acute, inciso-dentate, 2-3 in. long. Flowers 6-30 in copious close short- 
peduncled axillary racemes ; bracts setaceous, protruded. Calyx ^-\ in. Corolla 
scarcely exserced. Pod thick, fleshy, straight, l|-2 in. long. 

17. INDIGOFERA, Linn. 

Herbs or shrubs clothed more or less densely with adpressed hairs laterally 
attached, often silvery-canescent. Flowers in copious axillary racemes. Calyx 
minute, campanulate ; teeth 5, subequal or the lowest longest. Corolla caducous ; 
standard obovate ; keel straight, not rostrate, spurred on each side near the base. 
Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform, apiculate. Ovary sessile, usually manv- 
ovuled ; style short incurved, stigma capitate usually penicillate. Pod usually 
linear-cylindrical, rarely oblong or globose, turgid, rarely ilattish, in one section 
crescent-shaped, densely muricated. — Distrib. Species 250-300, spread through 
aU tropical regions and also abundant at the Cape. 

SuBGEN. 1. Acanthonotus, Benth. Pod recurved, sickle-shaped, 1- 
seeded, muricated along the ventral suture. 

1. I. echinata, Willd.-, DC. Prodr. ii. 222; Poxb. Hort. Bmq. 98; Fl. 
Ind.m. 370; Wall. Cat. 5456; W. 8f A. Prodr. 198; Wight Ic. t. 316; Dalz. 
Sf Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 57. Hedysarum nummularifoliiun, Linn. Sp. PI. 1051 {excl. 
syn.). H. rotundifolium, Vahl Sytnb. ii. 81. H. erinaceum, Poir. Diet. Su])pl. 
vi. 393. Onobrychis rotundifolia, Desv. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 348. O. cuneifolia, DC. 
Prodr. ii. 348. Indigofera prostrata, Poxb. MSS. 

Plains of Ceylon and the Western Peninsula. — Distrib. Guinea. 

A diffuse much-l)ranched annual \Y\th. stems 1-2 ft. long. Leaves simple, nearly 
sessile, broad-obovate, obtuse, mucronate, glabrescent, membranous, ^— f in. long ; sti- 
pules linear-setaceous. Racemes copious, short-peduncled, 6-10-flowered. Calyx ^^^ 
in. ; teeth setaceous, very long. Corolla pinkish, ^ in. Fod under \ in. long, laterally 
flattened, beaked with the persistent style, 

SuBGEX. 2. Sphaeridiophora, Desv. Pod minute, imarmed, globose, 
1 -seeded. 

2. I. linifolia, Retz ; DC. Prodr. ii. 222 ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 370 ; Cor. 
PI. t. 196 ; Wall. Cat. 5489 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 198 ; Wight Ic. t. 313 ; Dalz. <S'- 
Gibs. Bo?nb. Fl. 58 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 188. Sphaeridiophora linifolium, Desu. 
Journ. Bot. iii. 125, t. 6, %. 35. S. abyssinicum, Jaub. et Spach. III. t. 494. 



Indigofera.'] L. legxtminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 93 

Throughout India from the Himalayas to Ceylon, common. — Distrib. Abyssinia, 
Afghanistan, Malay Isles, N. Australia. 

Annual, the whole plant persistently silvery-lioary. Staiis slender, copiously 
branched both at the base and upwards, ^-1 ft. Leaves simple, subsessile, i-1 in. 
long, typically linear, acute, but varying (var. Campbellii, Wight) to obovate, obtuse 
withamucro; stipules minute, setaceous. Flowers 6-12 in copious dense subsessile 
racemes. Calyx ^ in., silvery ; teeth long, linear-setaceous. Corolla bright red, 2-3 
times the calyx. Pod hard, mucronate, silvery, under yL in. thick. 

SiTBGEN. 3. i:ulndig>ofera, Bmth. Ovary with at least 2 ovules, usually 
with many. Pod linear or oblong, unarmed, turgid. 

Group 1. Simplicifolice. Leaves simple (in Sp. 6 casually 3-folioliate.) 

3. Z. cordlfolia, Heyne; DC. Prodr. ii. 222; herbaceous, loosely pubes- 
cent, leaves subsessile cordate-ovate, flowers in dense sessile heads, pod oblono- 
2-seeded. W. 8r A. Prodr. 199 ; Dalz. 8f CHh^ Bomh. Fl. 6S. Hevlandia ? cor" 
difolia, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6343. 

Plains throughout India proper, ascending to 4000 ft. in the Chenab valley.^ 
DiSTRiB. Afghanistan, Beloochistan, Nubia, Malay Isles, N. Austrsilia. 

A copiously branched diffuse annual with stems :|— ^ ft. long. Leaves subobtuse with 
a mucro, flexuous, ^-| in. long, obscurely downy above, densely below ; stipules setace- 
ous, minute. Heads copious, 4-8-flowered. Calyx ^ in. densely downy ; teeth long, 
setaceous. Corolla bright red, not exserted. Pod under ^ in. long, pubescent, casually 
1 -seeded. 

4. X. triquetra, Dalz. in Hook. Kexc Joum. ii. 36; herbaceous, thinly 
ai^enteo-canescent, leaves subsessile oblong, flowers 6-12 in small peduncled 
racemes, pod linear 4-6-seeded. Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Flora, 58. 

Plains of Concan, Dalsell, Stocks. 

Perennial, greenish in shade, obscurely silvery in exposure. Stems very flexuous, 
trailing, 1 ft. or less lofig, slender, acutely triquetrous. Leaves firm, i-^ in. long, nar- 
rowed or slightly rounded at both ends ; stipules setaceous, persistent. Racemes short- 
peduncled, finally an inch long. Calyx -^ in., canescent ; teeth long, setaceous. Corolla 
\ in., bright red. Pod ^ in. long, turgid, glabrous, the flattened sutures margined 
by acute keels. 

5. Z. caloneura, Kurz in Joum. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 42, 2, 229 ; shrubby, 
fulvo-puberulous, leaves small petioled elliptical with veins beneath much i-aised, 
racemes short close, pods unknown. 

Pegu, Kurz. 

An erect branched shrub. Leaves —^ in., rounded to both ends, mucronulato, char- 
baceous, glabrous above, glaucescent and softly pubescent below ; petiole as long as 
blade ; stipules minute, linear-subulate. Bacemes usually shorter than leaves ; pe- 
iuncle ^ in.; bracts subulate, moderately long. Calyx broad, short. Corolla ^ in., 
probably rose. Ovary densely silky. 

6. Z. Brunonlana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6491 ; shrubby, argenteo-ca- 
nescent, leaves large petioled oblong, racemes close elongated, pods cylindrical 
many-seeded. Wall. PL As. Bar. t. 279. 

BiRMA, Mount Prome, Wallich. 

Branches long, virgate, terete, slender. Leaves oblong, casually 3-foliolatc, firm, 
conspicuously veined below, 3-5 in. long, obtuse or subacute; stipules deciduou.s ; 
petioles \-^ in. Racemes short-pedunclec', copious, reaching 4-5 in. long. Calyx 
jblique, argenteo-canescent, — in. long ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla g in., bright re<\ ; 
standard thinly canescent. Pod turgid, 2 in. long, thinly canescent, recurved at the tip. 

Group 2. Sessili/loi'ce. Leaves odd-pinnate. Floivers in dense sessile or 
ihort-peduncled heads. Pods short, few-seeded. 



94 L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) [^Indigofera, 

7. 1. ^landulosa, 7Fi?M. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 223; thinly pubescent, not at all 
argenteo-canescent, leaves distinctly petioled always 3-foliolate, corolla 3—4 times 
the calyx, pod 1-2-seeded. Roxh." Fl Lid. iii. 372 ; Wall. Cat. 6461; W. 8f A, 
Prodr. 199 ; Wiffht Ic. t. 330 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 68. I. frunientacea, 
Jtoxb. MSS. 

Plains of Westebn Peninsula and Bundexkund. 

Annual, with elongated slender branches clothed when young with spreading hairs. 
Stipules setaceous, minute ; petiole nearly as long as the leaflets ; leaflets oblanceolate, 
membranous, ^\ in. long, green above, hairs adpressed obscure, pale glaucous with co- 
pious distinct "black dots below. Heads \-^ in. long, sessile. Calyx ^ in., pubescent ; 
teeth long, setaceous. Pod brown, finely pubescent, oblong, ^ in. long, the sutures often 
dentate, in var. /. Sykesii, Herb. G-riff., globose, 1 -seeded. 

8. Z. trig'onelloides, Javh. %■ Spach.'' Ulust. t. 482 ; densely silvery, 
leaves distinctly petioled 5-7-foliolate, corolla scarcely exserted, pod linear 3-4- 
seeded. I. asperifolia, Hoclist. in Schimp. PL Abyss. No. 2272. I. aeruginis, 
Schweinf. Fl. uEthiop. 11. 

Plains of Scinde, Stocks. — Distrib. Afghanistan, Abyssinia. 

Annual ; stems csespitose, trailing, much branched, ^1 ft. long. Lcwoes. i-1 in. 
long ; leaflets firm, alternate, oblanceolate ; stipules linear ; petiole ^-| in. " Heads 
copious, always sessile, round or oblong, 12-20 flowered. Calyx \ in. ; teeth long, 
setaceous. Corolla red. Pod \ in. long, cylindrical, silrery-boary, torulose. 

9. Z. enneaphylla, Linn.-., DC. Prodr. ii. 229; thinly silvery-hoary, 
leaves nearly sessile 7-11-foliolate, corolla slightly exserted, pod oblong 2-seeded. 
Moxb. Fl. ind. iii. 376 ; Wall. Cat. 5444 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 199 ; Wiffht Ic. t. 
403 ; Balz. ^' Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 58. I. csespitosa, Wif/ht in Wall. Cat. 5447. 
Hedysarum prostratum, Linn. Mant. i. 102 ; Burm. Fl. Ind. t. 55, fig. 1. 

Plains of India from the Himaxayas (where it ascends to 4000 ft.) to Ceylon and 
BifiMA. — DisTRiB. Angola, Malay isles, North Australia. 

Annual or biennial. Stems densely caespitose, 1-H ft., trailing, much branched. 
Leaves i-1^ in. long ; leaflets firm, oblanceolate, alternate ; stipules minute, setaceous. 
Heads 12-20-flowered, dense, short- peduncled or sessile. Calyx xs~^i"-' hoary; teeth 
long, setaceous. Pod ^-^ in. long, cylindrical, thinly hoary. 

Group 3. Digitat(B. Leaves digitate or nearly sq, rarely 1-foliolate, sessile. 
Flowers solitary, pedicellate. 

10. Z. unlflora, Hamilt. MSS. ; herbaceous, branches very slender, 
pedicels exceding the leaves as long as the pod. Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 374 ; Wall. 
Cat. 5446 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 199 ; Wight Ic. t. 333 ; Dalz. ^' Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 58. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula and Carnatic. 

Perennial. Stems herbaceous, very slender, copiously branched, 1-H ft. long. 
Stipules setaceous, very minute ; leaflets 3-7, rarely 1, narrow, oblanceolate, subobtuse 
or subacute, ^f in. long, pale green, membranous, with a few obscure adpressed 
hairs, not always perfectly digiUite. Pedicels filiform, |-^ in. Calyx scarcely ^ in. ; 
teeth long, linear. Corolla red, ^ in. Pod glabrous, straight, linear, |-i in. long, 
4-7-seeded. 

11. Z. aspalatlioides, Vahl-, DC. Prodr. ii. 231; shrubby, branches 
■woody rioid, pedicels as long as the leaves much shorter than the pod. W. i^- 
A. ProdP. 199 ; Wiffht Ic. t. 332 ; Hooh. Ic. t. 188 ; Dalz. 8; Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 
58. I. aspalathitblia, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 98 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 371 ; Wall. Cat. 5446. 
Aspalathus indicus, Linn. Sp. Plant' 1001. Lespedeza jimcea, Wall. Cat. 
5743, B—Rheede Hort. Mai. ix. t. 37. 

Plains of Carnatic and Ceylon. 



hidigofera.'] L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 95 

A low undershrub, with copiously spreading rigid terete branches and argenteo- 
canescent branchlets. Leaflets 1-5, pale green, with a few obscure adpressed hairs, 
oblanceolate, -^^^-^ in. long, often complicate. Pedicels erecto-patont, ^-J- in. Cali/x 
and corolla like that of /. uniflora. Pod straight, glabrous, turgid, \-\ in. long. 6-8- 
seoded. 

Group 4. Dissitijlora;. Leaves odd-pinnate. Flotveis few together, in lax 
short-peduncled racemes. 

12. 1. pentaphylla, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 230 ; "branches with only a few 
spreading deciduous glandless hairs, leaflets 5 obovate, racemes 2-4-flowered,pod8 
glabrous. W. S^- A. Prodr. 200 ; Wight Ic. t. 385, non Burch. I. glabra, Linn. ; 
BC. Prodr. ii. 220. I. fragrans, Retz. ; BC. Prodr. loc. cit. ; Roxh. Fl. Lid. iii. 
375 ; Wall. Cat. 5452. 

Plains throughout India Proper from the Himaxayas to Ceylon. — DisxRin. Trop. 
Africa. 

Annual, densely caespitose ; branches firm, very slender, a foot or more long. 
Leaves short-petioled, f-1 in. long; leaflets opposite, membranous, pale, glaucous 
below, with a few adpressed bristly hairs ; stipules setaceous, persistent. Calyx yV in. 
long ; teeth long, setaceous. Corolla ^ in., bright red. Pod turgid, straight, ^-2 jn. 
long, 8-12-seeded, not at all torulose. 

13. I. tenulfolia, Rottl.\ W. 8f A. Prodr. 200; tranches and pod with 
only a few adpressed hairs, leaflets 7-9 oblanceolate, racemes 3-G-flowered. 
Ba'lz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. FL 58. 

Plains of the "Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

General habit of /. pentaph/Ua, which it approaches closely. Leaves f-1 in. long, 
short-petioled ; leaflets opposite, firmer than in the last and much narrower, with 
numerous adpressed hairs on both sides; stipules setaceous, very minute. Racenies 
short-peduncled, equalling or slightly exceeding the leaves. Calyx and corolla as in 
/. pentaphylla. Pod straight, cylindrical, f-1 in. long, 8-10-seeded, distinctly torulose. 

14. X. viscosa, LamJc; BC. Prodr. ii. 227; branches and pod densely 
clothed with minute gland-tipped hairs, leaflets 7-9 oblanceolate, racemes 0-12- 
flowered. Roxb. Fl. Lid. iii. 377 ; W. ^' A. Prodr. 200 ; Wight Ic. t. 404 ; 
Wall. Cat. 5451 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 189. I. glutinosa, Peroit. ; BC. Prodr. 
loc. cit. I. lateritia, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. loc. cit. I. graveolens and glutinosa, 
Roxb. MSS. Galega Cokitea, Burm. Fl. Ind. 172. 

Plains of India from the Himalayas to Ceylon ; Bikma. — Distrib. Trop. Africa, 
Afghanistan, Malay isles. North Australia. 

Branches densely csespitose, 1-3 ft. high, more robust and woody than in the two 
last, persistently densely viscous throughout. Leaves f-H in. long ; leaflets mem- 
branous, opposite, pale green above, very glaucous below, with persistent adpressed 
bristly hairs ; stipules setaceous, minute ; petiole ^ in. long, viscous like tlio brandies 
Racemes short-peduncled, about as long as the leaves. Calyx and corolla as in the 
two last. Pod straight, ^-1 in. long, 10-12-seeded, faintly torulo.se. 

15. I. pedlcellata, W. ^' A. Prodr. 200; branches and pod glabrescent, 
leaflets 3 oblauceolate-oblong, racemes 6-12-flowered. Wight Ic. t. 983. 

NiLOHiRis and Pulney hills. 

Perennial. Branches trailing, firm, very slender, a foot or more long, faintly 
pubescent when young. Stipules linear, minute; petiole shorter than tlie leaflets; 
leaflets firm, ^-^ in. long, with a few adpressed grey hairs on both sides, and black 
sessile glands below, the end one subsessile. Eacenies A-1 in. long. 6-1 "i-lluwcred ; 
pedicels 2-3 times the c;ilyx, with distinct linear bracteoles. Calyx ^^ in., shortly 
pubescent ; teetli long, setaceous. Corolla red, twice the calyx. Pod straiglit, |- J 
in. long, many-seeded, obscurely pubescent at first, not at all torulose. 



96 li- LEGUMINOS-E. .(J. G. Baker.) [Indigofer' 

Group 6. Tinctorics. Leaves odd-pinnate. Racemes many-flowered, usually 
peduncled. Pods linear, usually many-seeded. 

* Leaflets 3-5. 

10. X. trifollata, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 223 ; suffi-uticose, branches and 
membranous leaves thinly clothed with adpressed hairs, racemes sessile con- 
gested, leaflets 3 the end one sessile, pod straight glabrescent 6-8-seeded. 

W. 8f A. Prodr. 201 ; Wiffht Ic. t. 314 ; Dak. ^^ Gibs. Bomo. Fl. 59. I. pro- 
strata, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 233 ; Roxh. Hort. Beng. 98 ; Fl. Iiul. iii. 373. 
I. moluccana, DC. Prodr. ii. 232. I. multicaulis, DC. Pi'odr. ii. 223. I. canes- 
cens, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5448. I. peregrina, DC. Prodr. ii. 224. I. orixensis, 
Roxh. MSS. I. adenophylla, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5462. I. congesta, Grah. in 

Wall. Cat. 5471. 

Himalayas (ascending to 4000 ft. in Kumaon) to Ceylon, Tenasserim, Heifer. — 
DiSTRiB. Java, China, Philippines, North Australia. 

Perennial, Stems copiously branched, trailing or suberect, 1-2 ft. long, soon 
glabrescent. Stipules minute, setaceous ; petiole shorter than the leaflets, which are 
always 3, digitate, oblanceolate, ^-1 in. long, grey-green above, glaucous below with 
black dots. Racemes 6-1 2-flowered, usually shorter than the petiole. Calyx -^ \x\. ; 
teeth long, setaceous. Corolla red, 3-4 times the calyx. Pod deflexed, ^— | in. long, 
the sutures acutely bordered, the valves not torulose. 

17. 1. vestita, Baker ; suffruticose, branches and leaves densely pubes- 
cent, leaflets 3 the end one sessile, racemes sessile congested, pod straight 
pubescent many-seeded. 

Western Peninsula ; Pulney hills, Wight. 

Closely allied to the preceding, differing mainly in pubescence. Branches very 
slender, densely csespitose, under a foot long, ascending, clothed like the petioles, and 
leaves with short spreading soft brownish hairs. Petiole \-^ in. ; leaflets crowded, 
obovate, soft, thick, obtuse, ^— | in. long. Racemes as in /. trifoliata. Calyx densely 
pxibescent, teeth setaceous, plumose. Pod clothed with brown pubescence like that 
of the branches. 

18. Z. trita, Linn.fl. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 232 ; suflfruticOse, branches and mem- 
branous leaves thinly clothed with adpressed gTey hairs, leaflets 3 obovate the 
end one stalked, racemes congested, pod straight tetragonous 6-10-seeded not 
torulose. Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 371 ; Don Prodr. 245 ; Hook. Comj). Bot. Mag. 
t. 16 ; W.k ^' Prodr. 204 ; Wall. Cat. 5449 ; Wight Ic. t. 315, 386 ; Dalz. 
^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 60. I. cinerea, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 232. I. timoriensis, 
Willd. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 223. I. canescens, Lamk. ; DC. Prodr. 224, nan Wall. 
I. hedysaroides, Lamk.-, DC. Prodr. ii. 232. I. arcuata, Willd.-, DC. Prodr. 
ii. 232. I. rigida, Willd. ; DC Prodr. ii. 224. I. armata, Wall. Cat. 6453. 
I. argentea. Wall. Cat. 5455, in part. I. Leschenaultii, DC. Prodr. ii. 223. I. 
ternata, Roxb. MSS. I. virgata, DC. Prodr. ii. 224, non Roxh. 

Plains of India from the Himalayas to Ceylon ; Birma. — Disteib. Trop. Africa, 
Malay isles, North Australia. 

An undershrub, 2-3 ft. high, with firm slender branches, soon glabrescent. Stipules 
minute, setaceous ; petiole ^-| in. ; leaflets always 3, the end one 1-1|- in. long, the 
side ones opposite. Racemes 6-1 2-flowered, usually sessile, seldom over an inch long. 
Calyx -—-^ in., white-canescent; teeth long, setaceous. Corolla purplish-red, twice the 
calyx. Pod deflexed, ^-l\ in. long, the firm glabrescent valves obtusely keeled. 

19. Z. subulata, Vahl\ DC. P-odr. ii. 232; suffr-uticose, branches and 
membranous leaves thinly clothed with adpressed grey hairs, leaflets 5 obovate 
the side ones opposite, racemes elongated, pod long recurved 10-15-seeded not 



Indigof&ra.'] L. legxbiinos^e. (J. G. Baker.) 97 

torulose. I. mucronata, Sprmg. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 227. I. flaccida, Kccniij. ; 
Roxh. Hort. Beng. 98 ; Fl. Lid. iii. 375 ; W. <$• A. Prodr. 204 ; JVig/tt Ic. 
t. 387 ; Wall. Cat. 5475. I. scabra, Hoth ; DC. Prodr. ii. 220. I. Thonningii, 
Thmn.^ et Schum. PL Guin. 366. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula, and Ceylon. — Distrib. Trop. Africa, Trop. 
America. 

Habit and leaflets of I. irita, from which it differs in racemes, leaves and pod. 
Brandies -woody, virgate, soon glabrescent. Leaflets thin, glabrescent above, pale 
below with a few adpressed grey hairs, always 5 on the leaves oif the main branches, 
f-1 in. long. Peduncles 1-2 in. long; racemes 20-40-fldwered, reaching 4-G in. long. 
Calyx j^ in. : teeth setaceous. Corolla lilac, 2-3 times the calyx. Pod 1-2 in. long, 
subtetrjigonal from the raised keel of the valves. 

20. Z. inarg>inulata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5467 ; sufiruticose, branches 
and membranous leaves thinly clothed with adpressed grey hairs, leaflets 6 
opposite obovate, racemes elongated, pod straight turgid ^-6-seeded. W. <^'- A. 
Prodr. 204. 

CoNCAN, Stocks ; Dindygul hills, in the Carnatic, Wight. 

General habit of /. suhulata, from which it scarcely differs, except in pod. Leaflets 
the same in shape, size, and vestiture. Racemes lax, short-peduncled, 2-3 in. long, 
exceeding the leaves. Pods deflexed, ^-1 in. long, clothed with minute adpressed 
deciduous grey hairs, the valves broadly rounded. 

21. I. angrulosa, Edgeiu. MSS. ; suffruticose, branches and membranous 
leaves thinly clothed with adpressed grey hairs, leaflets opposite 5 oblong, 
racemes elongated, pod short moniliform 1-3-seeded. I. subulata var. angulosa, 
Edgew. in Linn. Journ. ix. 311. 

BuNDELKUND, Edgewortk. 

General habit, leaves and flowers of the two preceding. I^caflcts 1-H in. long, 
pale grey-green. Eacemes pedu'ncled, 30-50-flowered, reaching 4-6 in. long, much 
exceeding the leaves. Pod '^-\ in. long, deeply constricted between the seeds, with 
a beak which is gradually narrowed into the style. 

22. I. paucifoUa, D^///6; DC. Prodr. ii. 224; shrubby, branches and 
eubcoriaceous leaves argenteo-canescent, leaflets 3-5 alternate, pods O-^^-.seeded 
torulose recun-ed. Wall. Cat. 5454 ; W. ^- A. Prodr. 201 ; Wi(/ht Lc. t. 331 ; 
Dalz. § Gihs. Bomh. Fl. 59 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 190. I. argentea, Po.vb. Fl. 
Ind. iii. 374 ; Wall. Cat. 5455, ex parte, non Linn. I. heterophvlla, 
Roxh. MSS. 

Plains from Scinde and the Upper Gange.s to Ceylon. — Distrib. Java, Beloo- 
chistan, Arabia, Trop. Africa. 

A shrub reaching 4-6 ft. high, with copious woody branches. Leafltts firm, ob- 
lanceolate-oblong,.^-l in. long, sometimes solitary on the branches ; petiole short, but 
distinct. Pacemes short-peduncled, 2()-50-flowered, reaching 3-4 in. long. Calyx 
silvery, .1^ in. ; teeth lanceolate-cuspidate, as long as the tube. Corolla red, 3-4 timts 
the calyx, thinly silvery externally. Pod ^-f in. long, glaucous, distinctly torulose. 

*• Leajlets many, opposite (except I. endecaphylla) ; Jloicers small. 

23. Z. t)arviflora, Heyne-, herbaceous, tninly argenteo-canescent, leaflets 
7-9 linear or narrow oblanceolate opposite pod long glabrescent 15-20- 
seeded recurved at the tip. Wall. Cat. 5457; W. iic A. P-odr. 201. I. 
linearis, Guill. 8f Per. Fl. Seneg. 184. Indigastrum deflexum, Jaub. t^ Spach. 
III. t. 492. 



98 L. LEGUMINOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Indigofera^ 

Plains of the Carxatic and West Peninsula. — Disteib. Arabia, Trop. Africa, 
N. Australia. 

A suberect copiously-branched annual, 1-2 ft. high, with slender finely canescent 
stems. Leaves short-petioled, lh-2 in. long ; leaflets membranous, ^-1 in. long, obtuse 
or subacute, thinly argenteo-canescent ; stipules minute, setaceous. Racemes con- 
gested, sessile, ^-1 in. long, 6-12-flowered. Calyx -^ in. ; teeth linear, long. Corolla 
lilac, 2-3 times the calyx. Pod 1-1 J in. long, finely canescent when young. 

24. Z. endecapbylla, Jacq. Ic. t. 570 ; herbaceous, stem and leaves with 
only a few adpressed hairs, leaflets 5-9 oblanceolate alternate, pod straipfht 
dabrescent (>-10-seeded. DC. Prodr. ii. 228 ; Bot. Reg. t. 789. I. pusilla, 
Lamk. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 229 ? I. I^einii, W. 8,' A. Prodr. 204. I. debilis, Grah. 
in Wall Cat. 54C6. I. anceps, Vahl ; Poir. Diet. Suppl. iii. 147. I. Schini- 
periana, HocJist. in Schimp. PL Abyss. No. 366. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula. Bihma, Wallich. — Disteib. Cape, Trop. 
Africa, Siam, China. 

An annual or biennial, with trailing stems 1-2 ft. long. Leaves nearly sessile. 1-3 
in. long; leaflets membranous, obtuse, ^-^ in. long, with a few adpressed grey hairs ; 
stipules :y-g- in., lanceolate, acuminate. Eacemes close, usually peduncled, 1— i iiT.I^Hig. 
Calyx yV-i in. ; teeth setaceous, long. Corolla violet-purple, twice the calyx. Pods 
deflexed^ f-1 in. long. — If Lamarck's name belong here it has priority. 

25. I. liirsuta, Linn.-. DC. Prodr. ii. 228; herbaceous, stems densely 
clothed with short spreading pubescence, leaflets 5-11 opposite large obovate, 
pod short straio-ht pubescent 6-S-seeded. Wall. Cat. 5450 ; W. Sf A. Prodr. 
204; Ro.vh. FLInd.i\i.?j7Q>\ Jacq. Ic. t. 569; Hook. Comp. Bot. Mag. t. 2^. 
I. fusca, G. Don, Gen. Syst. ii. 211. I. ferruginea, Schum. 4* Thonn. PI. Guin. 
Z70—Rheede Hort. Mai. ix. t. 30. 

Plains from the Himalayas (ascending to 4500 ft. in Kuala.on) to Ceylon, Ava, 
and Tenasserim. — Distiub. Trop. Africa, Trop. America, Java, Philippines, N. 
Australia. 

Annual or biennial, suberect, reaching 2-4 ft. high, the pubescence grey or brown.. 
Leaves short-petioled, 2-5 in. long ; leaflets membranous, grey-green, glaucous below, 
reaching 1-2 in. long, densely coated with adpressed hairs ; stipules setaceous, 
plumose. Racemes short-peduncled, very dense, 2-6 in. long. Calyx ^ in., densely 
pubescent ; teeth setaceous, long, plumose. Corolla red, not much exserted. Pod, 
^~\ in. long, densely clothed like the branches. 

26. Z. semitrijug'a, Forsk.; DC. Prodr. ii. 230; suiFruticose, densely 
argenteo-canescent, leaflets opposite small obovate 5-9, pod linear straight 4-6- 
seeded not torulose. 

Plains of Scinde, Stocks. — Distrib. Arabia, Egypt, Abyssinia. 

A low shrub, diffusely branched from the base. Leaves under 1 in. long ; 
leaflets obtuse, ^^ in. long, subcoriaceous, sometimes emarginate ; stipules 
minute, setaceous. Racemes laxly 6-12-flowered, short-peduncled, usually exceeding- 
the leaves. Calyx — in., canescent; teeth linear-lanceolate, as long as the tube. 
Corolla twice the calyx, thinly silvery externally. Pod ^ in. long, turgid, canescent. 

27. Z. argentea, Jjinn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 224 ; shrubby, densely argenteo- 
canescent, leaflets large obovate, pod reflexed 3-4-seeded torulose. VHe)\ 
Stirp. t. 79 ; Boiss. Fl. O^'ent. ii. 190, iion Ro.rh. nee Wall. I. glauca, Lamk. 
Diet. iii. 246. I. articulata, Gouan III. 49. I. tinctoria, Forsk. Egypt. 138^ 
non Linn. 



Indigofera.'] L. leguminosj;. (J. G. Baker.) 90 

Plains of Scixde, StocJcs. — Distrib. Arabia, Egypt, Abyssinia. 

A shrub several feet high, with sulcate woody branches. Leaves 1-2 in. long : 
leaflets opposite, subcoriaccous, persistently argenteous,, ^-1 in. long ; petiole i in. ; 
stipules minute, setaceous. Racemes subsessile, 12-20-flowerecl, shorter than the 
leaves, ^1 in. long whilst in flower. Calyx -^ in., campanulate, argenteous ; teeth 
deltoid, cuspidate, as long as tube. Corolla ^ in., reddish-yellow, externally canescent. 
Fod ' ----- 

Var. ceericlea ; leaves 2-3 in. long, leaflets 7-9 less argenteous than in the 
type, racemes more elongated 1-2 in. long, pod less decidedly torulose, I. 
caerulea, Roxb. FL Bid. iii. 377 ; W. ^- A. Prodr. 203 ; Wt. Ic. t. 366 ; Dalz. 4- Gibs. 
Bomb. FL 59. I. retusa, Grak. in Wall. Cat. 5-476. I. brachycarpa, Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 6470. I. tinctoria, var. brachycarpa, DC. Prodr. ii. 224. Plains of Banda and 
the Western Peninsula, 

28. Z. tinctoria, Lmn. ; DC. P>-odr. ii. 224 (e.vcl. var. /3) ; slirubby, 
faintly argenteo-canescent, leaflets 9-13 large obovate-oblong, pod nearly 
straight 8-12-seeded not torulose. Ro.rb. FL Ind. iii. 379 : WaU. Cat. 6474 •, 
W. ^- A. Prodr. 202 ; Wt. Ic. t. 365 ; Dalz. Sf Gibs. Bomb. FL 59 ; Brand. 

For. FL 136. I. indica, Lamk. Diet. iii. 245. I. sumatmua, Gaertn. PYuct. 
ii. 317, t. li&—Rheede Hort. MaL i. t. 54. 

The universally cultivated indigo. Whether it be truly wild is doubtful. 

A shrub 4-6 ft. high, with twiggy woody thinly silvery branches. Leaves 1-2 inf. 
long ; leaflets opposite, membranous, turning blai^kish when dried ; petiole A-1 in. 
Racemes lax, nearly sessile, 2-4 in. long. Calyx ■— in., silvery ; teeth as long as the 
tube. Corolla ^-^ in., reddish-yellow. Pod ^-1 in. long, ^ in. thick, glabrescent, 
scarcely at all recurved. — 1. AnU, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 225, also commonly culti- 
vated, a native of America, differs by its short congested racemes and pod turned 
back like a sickle. /. flaccida var. constricta, Thwaites Enum. 411, from Ceylon, 
is probably a distinct species, but the flowers are unknown. It has the habit and 
leaves of /. tinctoria, with a slender tetraquetrous subtonilose 4-6-seeded pod. 

29. Z. Wig'htii, Grah. in WaU. Cat. 5458 ; shrubby, densely argenteo- 
canescent, leaflets 11-21 small oblanceolate, pod linear straight 8-12-seeded 
not torulose. W. 8f A. Prodr. 202 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. FL 69. I. foliolosa,. 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5485. I. polyphyUa, Bottler MSS. non Heyne nee DC. 
I. inamcena, Thxmites Enum. 83. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

A low shrub, with numerous erecto-pateut silvery woody branches. Leaves 
short-petioled, H-2 in. long; leaflets opposite, rigidly subcoriaceous, pL-rsistently 
silvery, obtuse, ^\ in. long. Racemes sessile, dense, 1-H in. long. Calyx r}^ in., • 
silvery ; teeth linear, as long as the tube. Corolla yellowish red. j^^ in. long, 
externally canescent. Pod turgid, straight, finely canescent, 1-1^ in. long. 

*** Leaflets many, opposite {except I. Dosua) ; flowers large for the yenus. 

30. Z. cylindracea, Wall. Cat. 5482 ; shrubby, branches glabrous^ 
leaflets sniaU oblong obsciu-ely hispid, stipellie and bracts minute, pedicel* 
elongated. 

NiPAL, Wallich. 

An erect shrubby perennial, with slender woody erccto-patent branches. Leavr.t 
short-petioled, 1^-2 in. long ; leaflets membranous, opposite, obtuse, green above, p:ilo 
below, |-^ in. long, both sides with a few short adpressod hairs. Racemes very lax, 



100 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Indigofera. 

short-peduncled, finally 3-4 in. long; pedicels ^-^ in. Ca///jr oblique, tt^ in. ; tcetli 
short. Corolla | in. long, pale red. Pod straight, glabrescent, turgid, l^-lj in. 
long, 8-10-seeded. 

31. X. leptostachya, DC. Prodr. ii. 225? shrubby, branches glabrous, 
leaflets middle-sized oblanceolate-oblong 13-19 obscurely hispid, stipelloe minute, 
pedicels short, bracts 0. 

Khasia and Sikkim, temperate zone, 5-8000 ft., H.f. ^- T. 

An erect shrub, reaching 10 ft. high, with slender twiggy branches, thinly silky 
only when young. Leaves short-petioled, 3-4 in. long ; leaflets membranous, opposite, 
^1 in. long, green above, glaucous below, nearly glabrescent. Peduncles reaching 
1-2 in. ; racemes lax, finally 2-3 in. long ; pedicels not much longer than the calyx. 
Calyx j2 in-, finely brown-silky ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla ^-f in., pale red, canes- 
cent externally. Pod glabrous, straight, 1-H in. long, 6-8-sceded, turgid; with narrow 
sutures. — The Candollean synonym may not unlikely belong to a form of /. jpulchclla. 

32. 1. G-erardiana, Wall. Cat. 5486 ; shrubby, branchlets argenteo- 
canescent, leaflets small oblanceolate-oblong 9-17, stipelloe and bracts minute. 

Temperate and subtropical Western Himalaya ; common, from the Saltrange 
to Kumaon, alt. 2-10,000 ft. — Distrib. Afghanistan. 

A low copiously-branched shrub, the branchlets distinctly argenteo-cancs- 
cent. Leaves short-petioled, 1-2 in. long ; leaflets subcoriaceous, |-|- in. long, 
opposite, pale grey-green, thinly clothed with short white bristles above, glaucous and 
thinly argenteo-canescent below, obtuse, often emarginate. Racemes distinctly pe- 
duncled, 1-2 in. long, 12-20-flowered ; pedicels very short. Calyx obliquely cam - 
panulate, argenteous, ^ in. long ; teeth deltoid-cuspidate. Corolla |— ^ in., pale red, 
canescent externally. Pod l|-2 in. long, subcylindrieal, glabrous, 6-10-seeded; 
sutures narrow. 

Var. heterantha ; leaflets more numerous 17-25 smaller, corolla and pod 
smaller, the former, ^ in., the latter 1-1^ in. long. I. heterantha. Wall. Cat. 
5480, A.B.C. ex parte. Brand. For. Fl. 135. I. Dosua, Wall. Cat. 5481 B. ; Bot. 
Beg. 28, t. 57, non Hamilt. I. virgata, Roxh. Fl. hid. iii. 383? I. quadrangulari s, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5483. I. polyphylla, BC. Prodr. 227 ?— Temperate and^ sub- 
tropical Himalayas, as far east as Khasia and Bhotan, ascending to 8000 ft. — 
Distrib. Afghanistan. 

33. I. g'aleg'oides, DC. Prodr. ii. 225; shrubby, branches glabrescent, 
leaflets large oblong 11-25, stipellae and bracts minute. I. uncinata, Roxh. 
Fl. Iml. iii. 382 ; Wall. Cat. 5472. I. Finlaysoniana, Wall. Cat. 5488. I. 
ZoUingeriana, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 310 ? 

Tropical zone ; Khasia and Mergui to Cetlon, IVIaxacca and Siam. — Distrib. 
Malay isles, Philippines, S. China. 

A tall shrub, with twiggy woody branches, thinly coated with adpressed hairs nt 
■first. Leaves distinctly petioled, ^1 ft. long ; leaflets opposite, membranous, usually 
obtuse, l-l-j or 2 in. long, green above, glaucous below, the hairs short, adpressed, quite 
obscure. Racemes short-peduncled, very dense, 2-3 in. long, not lengthened in fruit. 
Calyx ^ in., canescent ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla pale red, f-^ in., finely 
canescent externally. Pods glabrous, the longest of the genus, 2^-3 in. long, sub- 
cylindrical, straight, 15-18-seeded, beaked. 

34. Z. bracteata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6477; suffruticose, branches 
glabrescent, leaves middle-sized oblanceolate-oblong 7-17, stipeUae and bracts 
large. 

Khasia, 5-6000 ft, HooJc. fil. cf- Thomson; Nipal, Wallich; and an exstipellate 
form from Kashmir, 5-6000 ft., Thomson. 



Indigofera.l L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 101 

A low shrub, with copious slender trailing branches with a few adpressed hairs 
at first. Leaves distinctly petioled, 3-4 in. long. ; leaflets opposite, inenibranuus, 
^-1 in. long, obtuse, pale green above, glaucous beneath, neiirly glabrous ; etipellae 
setaceous, i in. long. Peduncles reaching 2-3 in., bearing a close short raceme , 
bracts herbaceous, boat-shaped, with a cusp, enfolding the buds. Calyx J- in., 
campanulate, obscurely hairy; teeth deltoid. Corolla ^ in. long, pale red. Pod 
linear, glabrous, not seen mature. 

35. Z. atropurpurea, Hamilt.-, DC. Prodr. ii. 225; shrubby, branches 
glabrescent, leaflets large oblong 11-17, stipellse minute, bracts' lanceolate 
acuminate exceeding the buds. Don Frodr. 244 ; Boxh. Fl. Ind. in. 381 ; 
Wall. Cat. 6463 ; Wi(/ht Ic. t. 3G9; Brand. For. Fl. 13G ; Bot. Mag. t. 3065 ; 
Bot. Reg. t. 1744. I. Ilamiltonii, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5465. 

Tropical and temperate zones, through the Himalayas, from Ilazara and the 
Punjab to Khasia, reaching 9000 ft. 

A tall shrub, with twiggy woody branches, only thinly coated with adpressed hairs 
at first. Leaves reaching 6-9 in. long ; leaflets opposite, membranous, obtuse, usuiilly 
1-1^ in. long, green above, pale green below, glabrescent ; petiole 1-2 in. RaceTius 
short-peduncled, long and narrow, 4-8 in. long, dense upwards ; bracts ^ in., subper- 
sistent, narrowed gradually into a long point ; pedicels very short. Calyx ^ in., 
obliquely campanulate ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla \-^ in., a much darker deeper 
red than in any of the others. Pod linear, turgid, 1-1^ in. long, glabrous, 6-10- 
seeded, not at all reflexed or narrowed into a beak. 

36. Z. hebepetala, Benth. MSS. ; shrubby, branches glabrescent, 
leaflets large oblong 13-17 membranous, stipella3 distinct, bracts boat-shaped 
cuspidate exceeding the buds. 

Himalayas, from Kashmir to Sikkim, 6-15,000 ft. 

A tall shrub, with twiggy woody branches, only thinly coated with adpressed hairs 
in the young state. Leaves 4-6 in. long ; leaflets opposite, membranous, obtuse, usually 
1-1^ in. long, much smaller in a subalpine form, dull green above, pale but sciircely 
glaucous below, with a few short adpressed bristly hairs on both sides. Racemi.-t 
peduncled, 2-4 in. long, laxly 12-20-flowered ; pedicels and calyx as in the last; bracts 
more deciduous, enclosing the buds, with a setaceous tip protruding beyond them. 
Corolla I in. deep, a much lighter and more crimson red than in L atropurpurea, 
glabrous externally, the keel^ in. deep. Pod glabrous, turgid, straight, l:V-2 in. long, 
8-10-secded. 

37. Z. pulchella, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 67; Fl. Ind. iii. 382; shrubby, 
branches obscm-ely hispid, leaflets large obovate-oblong 13-17 subcoriaceous, 
stipeUae abortive or very minute, bracts exceeding the buds. W. ^- A. Prodr. 
203 ; Wight Ic. t. 367 ; Dalz. 8^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 60 ; Bedd. Fl. Sglv. 85 ;' Aiwl. 
Gen. t. 12, fig. 1. I. piu-purascens, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 383. I. cassioides, 
Rottler ; DC. Prodr. ii. 225 ; Wall. Cat. 5468. I. ven-ucosa, Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 6^Q9. I. glaucescens, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6484. I. elliplica, Roxb. Fl. 
Ind. iii. 380. 1. violacea, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 380; Wall. Cat. 547J); Bof. Ma</. 
t. 3348. 1. arhovea., Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 381; Wall. Cat. 5478; Wight Ic. i. 
368. I. Jirahulia, Hamilt. in Wall. Cat. 6464. I. Gibsonii, Grah. Cat. Bomb. 
PI. 46. 

Throughout the Himalayas and hills of India proper, ascending to 5000 ft. in 

KUMAON. 

A shrub 4-6 feet high, the trunk reaching the thickness of a man's leg. Branches 
sulcate, thinly coated with grey adpressed hairs at first, soon glabrescent. Leaver 
short-petioled, 3-6 in. long; leaflets opposite, firmer in texture than its allies, 
obtuse, often emarginate, usually |-1 in. long, pale green above, glaucous below, thinly 



102 L. LEGUMixos^. (J. G. Baker.) [Indigof&ra. 

coated \nth short adpressed grey hairs. Racemes short-peduncled, moderately close. 
1-3 in. long ; pedicels short ; bracts exceeding the buds, usually boat-shaped with a 
cusp. Cali/x ^ in. long, argenteo-canescent ; teeth short deltoid. Corolla bright 
red, glabrous externally, the largest of all the species, generally |-^ in., reaching 
2"! in. lon», the standard | in. broad, reflexed in the expanded flower. Pod straight, 
turgid, glabrous, l:r~l| ^°' ^°°S' 8-12-seeded, the sutures broader than in the 
preceding. 

38. Z. Dosua, HamUt. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 225 ; shrubby, branches densely 
pubescent, leaflets small linear-oblong 21-31, stipelloe abortive, bracts exceeding 
the buds. Don Prodr. 244 ; Wall. Cat. 5481 A, non J?, nee Pot. Peg. 28, t. 67. 
I. heterantha, Wall. Cat. 5480 C, ex parte. I. yirgata, Poxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 383 ? 

Temperate CEjrrfiAX and East Himalayas ; Simla to Bhotan and Assam, 
6-8000 ft. 

A low shrub, with woody branches, clothed with short spreading _ grey or 
brownish pubescence. Leaves subsessile, 1-3 in. long ; leaflets usually opposite, mem- 
branous, obtuse, ^-4 in. long, dull green above, glaucous below, more or less densely 
pubescent. Racemes distinctly peduncled, moderately close, 1-3 in. long; bracts^ in. 
long, lanceolate-cuspidate, silky ; pedicels very short. Calyx ^ in., densely silky ; 
teeth deltoid-cuspidate. Corolla bright red, glabrous, |-^ in. Pod straight, glabrescent, 
1-li in. long, 8-12-seeded, with very broad sutures. 

Vab. tomentosi ; branches clothed with dense brown silky pubescence, leaves 
6-9 in. long, leaflets 41-51 often subacute and 1 in. long, racemes longer, bracts 
densely brown-velvety, with a very long"] cusp. I. tomentosa, Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 5487. I. stachyodes, Lindl. Bot. Reg. 1843, t. 14.— Khasia, Sikkim, Silhet, 
Bhotan, 1-5000 ft. 

Group 6. Paniculatcs. Leaves odd-pinnate. Flowers inpanicled racemes. 

39. X. mysorensis, Pottl ; DC. Prodr. ii. 222 ; Wall. Cat. 5459 ; W. ^ A. 
Prodr. 202. I. polyphylla, Heijne MSS., non. DC. 

Plains of the Carnatic, Hcyne. 

A low erect copiously -branched shrub, the young stems slender, clothed with 
short spreading grey pubescence. Leaves sessile, of the main branches 1-3 in. long ; 
leaflets 11-21, oblong, membranous, opposite, f-4 in. long, thinly clothed on both 
sides with adpressed grey hairs ; stipules setaceous, ^ in., persistent. Racemes lax, 
elongated, more or less panicled, each flower subtended by a bract just like the leaflets, 
and the branches furnished low down with 3-o-foliolate leaves. Calyx |- in. ; teeth 
lanceolate, very long. Corolla red, glabrous, twice the calyx. Pod linear-cylindrical, 
straight, ^-| in. long, 4-6-seeded, finely pubescent 

Sfbgen. 4. AxnecarpuSy Benth. Ovary with at least two ovules. 
Pod linear, unarmed, flattened. 

40. Z. anabaptist a, Steud. Kom. edit. 2, 805. I. Hochstetteri, Paker 
in Oliv. Flor. Trap. Africa, ii. 101. I. omithopodioides, Hochst. et Steud. in 
Schimp. Bb. Arab. No. 769 ; Jaub. et Spach PI. PI. Orient, t. 480 ; Poiss. 
Fl. Orient, ii. 188, non Schum. et Thonn. 

Plains of Scinde and the Puxjab. — Distrib. Afghanistan, Arabia, Nile-country, 
A diffuse annual, with stems 1 ft. or more long, thinly clothed with adpressed 

white hairs. Leaves short-petioled ; leaflets 3-7, opposite, oblanceolate -i— 1 in. long. 

Racemes short-peduncled, closely 12-20-flowered, under an inch long. Calyx ^ in., 

argenteo-canescent ; teeth setaceous. Corolla scarcely exserted. Pod linear, reflexed, 

i-| in. long, 6-8-seeded. 



Fsoralea.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 103 

18. PSOZtAXiBA, Linn. 

Herbs or undershrubs. Leaves simple or odd-pinnate, conspicuously 
gland-dotted. C'«/y.r-tube campanulate ; teeth 6, distinct. Corolla little ex- 
serted ; petals all with distinct claws; keel obtuse, the tip slightly incurved. 
Upper stamen free or connate, the tube in an early stage often closed ; anthers 
small, uniform or slightly dimorphous. Ovary sessile or short-stalked, ovulate ; 
style long, filiform, incurved, stigma minute, terminal. Pod ovoid or oblong, 
1-seeded, indehiscent, the pericarp adhering to the seed. — Distrib. Species 
about 100, mainly Cape and N. American. 

1. P. coryllfolia, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 218 ; herbaceous, leaves simple, 
racemes dense short. Burm. Fl. Lnd. 172, t. 49, fig. 2 ; Roxh. Ft. Ind. iii. 387 ; 
Wall. Cat. 6351 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 198 ; Bot. Mag. t. G65 ; Dalz. 8) Gibs. Boinb. 
Fl. 60. Trifolium unifolium, Forsk. Flor. ^gypt. Arab. 130 ; Burm. Fl. Ind. 
t. 49. 

Plains from the Himalayas through India proper to Ceylox. 

An erect annual, 1-3 ft. high. Branches firm, conspicuously gland-dott-ed. Leaves 
distinctly petioled, roundish, 1-3 in. long, inciso-repand, firm in texture, both sides 
conspicuously dotted with black dots, nearly glabrescent. Flowers 10-30 in deuse 
copious long-peduncled heads. Calyx nearly sessile, ^ in. ; teeth lanceolate, long, the 
lowest longest. Corolla yellow, httle exserted. Pod small, black, subglobose, glabrous. 

2. P. pllcata, Delile ; DC. Prodr. ii. 221 ; shrubby, leaves trifoliolate, 
racemes lax elongated. Delile, Egypt, t. 37, fig. 3. 

Plains of the Punjab, Tliomson, Edgeworth, Stewart. — Disteib. Arabia, Egypt, 
Trop. Africa. 

A low copiously-branched shrub, tl^e stems obscurely argenteo-canescent, ver- 
rucose, the denuded branchlets subspinescent. Leaves short-petioled ; leaflets sub- 
coriaceons, dull green, oblanceolate, obtuse, repand, gland-dotted below only, reaching 
^1 in. long, the end one largest, the side ones oblique. Racemes short-peduncled, 
2-Z in. long; lower flowers in distant fascicles; bracts ovate, very minute. Calyx 
^ in., clothed with adpressed white hairs, accrescent, clasping tightly the included 
pod ; teeth short, the lowest longest. Corolla yellow, slightly exserted. 

19. COX. UTS A, Linn. 

Shrubs with odd-pinnate leaves and sho'U'y yellow flowers in sparse copi- 
ous axillary racemes. Calyx campanulate, with 5 short teeth. Corolla much 
exserted ; standard round, fixed in its place by two basal callosities ; keel broad, 
much incurved, not beaked. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary sti- 
pitate, linear, go -ovulate •, style filiform, much incurved, bearded along the inner 
side, stigma large oblique. Pod large, membranous, inflated, continuous within, 
nearly or quite indehiscent.— Distrib. Species 3 or 4, spread through South 
Europe and Temperate Asia. 

1. C. arborescens, Linn. var. nepalexsis. C. nepalensis, Sims Bot. 
Mag. t. 2622 ; Lindl. Bot. Reg. t. 1727 ; Benth. in Royle III. 198 ; Brand. Fur. 
Fl. 136. 

TEsirERATE West Himalaya, Kunawar, Tibet, Nipal, &c., alt. 8-11,000 ft, — 
DisTuin. Orient, 8. Europe. 

A subglabrous shrub, G-10 ft. high. Leaflets 9-13, obovate, pale green, J— ^ in. 
long, often emarginate, obscurely silky in the young state. Racemes as long as the 
leaves, laxly 3-4-flowered. Ca/yx ^-^ in. Corolla bright yellow, ^ in. long ; standard 
furnished at the base with two nipple-shaped papillae. Pod ^-2 in. long, faintly 
downy when young, splitting at the tip before ripening. 



104 L. LEGUMIN0S5:. (J. G. Baker.) [Milleitia, 

20. »IZX.Z.X:TTZA, Wt. & Am. 

Trees or large sliriibs, usually climbers. Leaves odd-pinnate. Flowers sbowy, 
in axillary racemes, often fascicled, simple or paniculate and terminal. Calyx 
campanulate ; teeth generally short or nearly obsolete. Corolla much exserted ; 
petals with long claws ; standard broad ; keel not beaked. Stamens monadel- 
phous or diadelphous, tilaments filiform ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile, linear, 
few-ovuled ; style filiform, incurved, glabrous, stigma capitate. Foci linear or 
oblong, 1- or few-seeded, fiat or turgid, late in dehiscing or hardly dehiscent. — 
DisTKiB. Species 40-60, spread through the tropics of the Old World. 

Sfbgen. 1. Euxnillettia. Standard not aiu'icled at the base. Stamens 
monadelphous or diadelphous. 

* Leaves liLstrous beneath, tuith thin silky pubescence. 

1. HI. sericea, W. Sf A. Prodr. 263 ; leaflets 7-9 coriaceous obovate-ob- 
long cuspidate exstipellate sericeous below, standard densely silky on the back,, 
stamens monadelphous, pod linear velvety. Benth. PL Jung. 248. Pongamia 
sericea, Vent. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 416. Dalbergia angustifolia, Hassh. PI. Jav. Far. 
399. 

Forests of Biema, Malacca, Penang, and Singapore. — Disteib. Malay 
Islands. 

A woody climber, the branch] ets covered with fine short brown pubescence. Leaves 
1 ft. or more long ; leaflets 6-9 in. long, shining and glabrous above, on petiolules- 
;i-^in. long; pubescence beneath grey or pale brown. Racemes lateral, 6-9 in. long, 
the lower nodes with very short branches, bearing dense fascicles of pedicellate flowers. 
Calyx ^ in., silky, scarcely toothed. Corolla |-^ in., reddish, very silky. Pod 
4-5 in. long, densely coated with thick dark brown velvet. 

2. m. rubig'inosa, W. 8,- A. Prodr. 263 ; leaflets 5-7 coriaceous obovate- 
oblong cuspidate stipellate sericeous beneath, standard densely silky on the back, 
stamens diadelphous, pod oblong glabrescent. Wight Ic. t. 207. 

Hills in the Caekatic near Courtallum, Wight. 

Habit of the preceding, the branchlets and underside of the leaves coatedwith 
persistent shining yellowish-browo-silky down. Leaflets 4-8 in. long, not shining, 
when young sericeous also above ; stipellge obscure ; petiolules ^-| in. long. 'Racemes 
nearly as long as the leaves, most of the nodes bearing short branchlets, on the tip of 
which the flowers are fascicled. Calyx campanulate, silky, \ in., short-pedicelled. 
Corolla reddish, \ in., densely silky. Pod 2-3 in. long, sublignose, 2-3-seeded, 
when young densely velvety. 

3. 3^. splendens, W. ^^ A. Prodr. 263 ; leaflets 7-9 coriaceous oblanceo- 
late-oblong cuspidate stipellate sericeous below, standard densely silky on the 
back, stamens diadelphous. 

Tropical forests of the Nilghieis and Anamatxay hills. 

Habit and inflorescence of the two preceding, the branchlets and leaves beneath 
coated persistently with white or yellowish-brown shining short silky hairs. Leaflets- 
6-9 in. long, opaque, glabrous above ; stipellse setaceous ; petiolules ^\ in. Racemes 
shorter than the leaves, the nearly sessile flowers densely fascicled at the end of short 
branchlets. Calyx ^-^ in., densely silky, with a pair of small ovate bracteoles. Corolla 
reddish, \ in. long. Ovary linear, densely silky, 4-5 ovulate. Pod not seen. 

** Leaves opaque, pubescent beneath. 

4. M:. pulclira, Benth. MSS.; leaflets small 15-19 scarcely subcoria- 



Millettia.l L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 105 

ceoiis oblanceolate-oblong acute stipellate sliorhtly silky below, standard prlabroiLs 
on the back, stamens monadelphous, pod i^labrous linear ri;ridly coriaceous flat 
smooth. Mimdulea pulchra, JBeiith. li. Jung. 248. Tephrosia pidclira, Coleh. in 
Wall. Cat. 5630. Pongamia cassioides, Wall. Cat. 5018. Dalbergia tephrosioides, 
W. ^' A. Prodr. 210. 

Forests of Khasia, Assam, Silhet, Ava, and Birma, ascending to 4000 ft. — 

DiSTRiB. Philippines, Cuming, 1208? 

An erect tree, with the branches and leaves below thinly clothed with opaque greyish 
silkish pubescence. Leaves and leaflets the smallest of all the species, the former 
not more than 2-5 in. long, green and pubescent above ; petiolules very short and 
stipellie minute. Racemes copious, shorter than the leaves, the flowers fascicled, shortly 
peduncled from the main rachis. Calyx ^ in., scarcely toothed. Corolla reddish, |-^ 
in. Pod 2-4 in long, ^ in. broad, 1-4-seeded. 

5. IMC. racemosa, Bmth. PL Jung. 249 ; leaflets 13-15 scarcely subcoria- 
ceous obovate-oblong acute distinctly stipellate slightly downy beneath, standard 
glabrous on the back, stamens diadelphous, pod coriaceous glabrous torulose. 
Tephrosia racemosa, W. ^ A. Prodr. 210 ? Kobinia racemosa, Poab. Fl. Ind. 
iii. 329? Pongamia racemosa, G^raA. m Wall. Cat. 5914. Wisteria pallida, 
Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bwnb. Flora, 61. W. racemosa, Dalz. ^ Gibs. loc. cit. Pongamia 
Oorcor, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5891 ? Millettia pallida, Dalz. in Linn. Joum. 
xiii. 187. 

Tropical forests of the Concan and Orissa. 

A woody climber, with thinly silky branches. Leaves reaching 1 ft. long ; leaflets 
2-3 in. long, scarcely more than membranous, glabrous above, obscurely silky or gla- 
brescent below ; petiolules short, with large setaceous stipellae. Racemes copiously pa- 
nicled, the flowers not fascicled on short branchlets, but close shortly pedicellate on 
the main rachis ; bracts exceeding the buds, setaceous, deciduous. Calyx ^ in., densely 
silky. Corolla |-^ in., whitish. Pod linear, narrow, ^ ft. long, 4-5-seeded. 

Koxburgh's plant, which inhabits the forests of Drissa, may be distinct. As 
figured in his set of unpublished plates it has red flowers and much smaller bracts. 

0. M. pendula, Bmth. PI. Jung. 250 ; leaflets 7 obovate-oblong cuspi- 
date membranous exstipellate closely silliy beneath, standard glabrous, pod flat 
woody glabrous. Pongamia pendilla, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5902. Millettia 
leucantha, Kurz in Joum. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 68. 

Ava, Prome hills, Wallich ; Birma, forests of Pegu, McLeUand, Kurc. 

An erect tree, with thinly silky branchlets, and leaves ^ ft. long. Leaflets thin, 
flexible, 2-3 in. long, dull green, thinly silky above, when mature densely clothed with 
adpressed grey silky pubescence below, the lowest as long as broad ; petiolules under 
\ in. Flowers in short dense racemes in the axils of the leaves ; pedicels densely 
fascicled, ^-^ in. Calyx ^-^ in., shortly grey-silky ; teeth deltoid, shorter than the 
tube. Corolla shorter than the calyx. Pod oblong, 3-5 in. long, 1;^ in. broad, tubercled, 
1-3-seeded. 

7. M. cana, Benth. PI. Jung. 250; leaflets 7 obovate-oblong rather 
obtuse coriaceous exstipellate thinly matted with adpressed grey haire beneath, 
standard glabrous, pod flat rigidly coriaceous obscurely grey-canescent. Pon- 
gamia cana, Gi-ah. in Wall. Cat. 5903. 

Ava ; banks of the Irrawaddi at Yenanghuen, Wallich. 

Climber, with grey pubescent branches and leaf-rachis, the latter ^ ft. long. Side 
Zcc^^s oblong, 2.^-3 in. long, the end one obovate ; upper surface glabrous, rather 
shining ; petiolules ^ in. Buds densely crowded ; pedicels very short ; bracts lanceo- 
late, silky, as long as the calyx. Calyx minute, densely brown-sericeous ; teeth del- 
toid, half as long as the tube. Pod dehiscing early for the genus, 2-3 by ^-J in. 



106 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) ' [Millettia. 

8. ZtK. tetraptera^ Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bmg. xlii. 2, 69 ; leaflets 7 
•subcoriaceous obovate-oblong exstipellate at first densely softly pubescent on 
both sides, standard glabrous, stamens monadelpbous, pod glabrous indehiscent 
with each suture produced into a broad hard horizontal wing on both sides. 
Pongamia tetraptera, Hort. Calc. Legiun. indeterm., Wall. Cat. 6976. 

BiEMA ; forests of Pegu, &c. Wallich, Griffith, Kurz. 

An erect tree, with branchlets clothed with dense drab-brown short pubescence. 
Leaflets obtuse, 3-4 in. long, flexible and densely soft-pubescent at first, but becoming 
rigid and glabrescent when mature ; petiolules under ^ in. Flowers in short close 
nearly sessile racemes in the axils of the leaves ; pedicles fascicled, ~-^ in. Calyx 
^ in., thinly clothed with adpressed hairs ; teeth deltoid. Corolla pale blue. Pod 
sublignose^ quadrangular, straight, linear 3-4 in. long, nearly an inch thick, the wings 
^— f in. broad in the middle, narrowed to each end. 

9. HE. pubinervis, Kurz in Jcmm. Asiat. Soc. Ben//, xlii. 2, 68 ; leaflets 
elliptic-obovate obtusely acuminate glaucous and pubescent on the midrib below, 
standard glabrous on the back, ovary pubescent, pod imknown. 

Maetaban, Kurz. 

An erect tree 20-25 ft. high, the young parts puberulous. Leaf^ ft. with a puber- 
nlous rachis ; leaflets (number not stated) 2-3 in. long, thinly chartaceous. Racemes 
leaf-opposed, slender, simple, 2^3 in. long ; pedicels capillary, pubescent, solitary or 
fascicled. Calyx reddish, broader than deep, ^-gin. long, slightly pubescent, obscurely 
toothed. Corolla yellowish- whitte ; standard above ^ in. long. — Kurz loc. cit. 

10. ZH. znbntlcola, Kurz in Jmim. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 67 ; leaflets 
7-9 oblong shortly acuminate fulvo-pubescent beneath, standard glabrous, ovary 
thinly ferrugineo-pubescent, pod imknown. 

Maetaban, alt. 7000 ft., Kurz. 

A robust climber, resembling M. pachycarpa, with verrucose branches and ferru- 
gineo-pubescent glabrescent branchlets. Leaflets petioluled, with adpressed fulvous 
j)ubescence on the ribs. Flowers blue, in simple solitary racemes 4-7 in. long, arising 
above the scars of the fallen leaves. Calyx ^-i in., longer than broad ; teeth obscure, 
anterior one largest. Standard ^ in., petals much smaller than those of M.jpachycarpa. 
— Kurz loc. cit. 

11. Xm. pachycarpa, Benth. PI. Jung. 250 ; leaflets 11-13 subcoriaceous 
oblanceolate-oblong cuspidate exstipellate finely downy below, standard glabrous 
on the back, stamens monadelpbous, pod woody rugose glabrous. 

Forests of Khasia, Sikkim, and Assam up to 4000 ft. Malacca, Griffith. 

A large climber, with the branches and leaves below more or less densely clothed 
with pale brown pubescence. Leaves 1 ft. or more long ; leaflets 6-8 in. long, gla- 
brous, opaque above, sometimes subcaudate, the pubescence below short, loose, decidu- 
ous ; petiolules ^^—^ in. Racemes copious, 6-9 in. long, most of the nodes with shqrt 
branchlets. Calyx ^-\ in., distinctly pedicelled, densely downy ; teeth very short. 
Corolla f-1 in. long. Pod 1-3-seeded, rugose, 1-1:|^ in. broad, reaching 4-5 in. long. 

*** Mature leajlets glabrescent hemc^h, 

12. m. clnerea, Benth. PI. Jung. 249 ; leaflets 5-7 obovate-oblong cuspi- 
date membranous stipellate soon glabrescent beneath, standard densely silky on the 
back, stamens diadelphous, pod thick linear velvety torulose. Pongamia cinerea, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5888. P. palustris, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6889 ; P. pani- 
culata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5904. P. heterocarpa, Wall. MSS. P. oblonga, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6893 ? 



Millettia.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 107 

Forests of SiKKnr, Khasia, Silhet, Assam, Chittaoong, and Biema, ascending to 
4000 ft.— DisTRiB. China ? 

A -woody climber, with young branchlets and leaA'es below with a little opaquo 
grey deciduous pubescence. Leaflets large, reaching ^^1 ft. long, thin and flexible ; 
both sides green ; petiolules and setaceous stipellae ^-^in. Racemes most or all in a 
panicle above the leaves ; flowers distinctly pedicellate, not fascicled, subtended by a 
pair of setaceous bracteoles. Calyx ^ in., densely silky, distinctly toothed. Corolla 
\-^ in., densely coated with grey silk. Fod very turgid, 4-5 in. long, 1 in. broad, 
3-5-seeded, sublignose. 

13. INC. ovalifolia, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bemg. xlii. 2, 68, excl. syn. 
W. <§• A. ; leaflets 7 ovate-elliptic shortly acuminate chartaceous glabrous, 
standard glabrous on the back, pod small linear-oblong glabrous liattish with 
obtuse sutures. 

BiRMA, at Prome, Kurz. 

An erect glal)rous middle-sized tree. Leaves ^1|- ft. ; leaflets ^1 in. long, glau- 
cescent and finely reticulated beneath ; petiolules slender, i to ^ in. Racemes slender, 
glabrous, 2-3 inches, one or several together, arising from young branchlets ; pedi- 
cels capillary, solitary or fascicled. Calyx glabrous, purplish, broader than long, ^^ iD-» 
long, nearly truncate. Corolla blue; standard \ in. long. Pod 2-3 in. long, 2-3-see(led 
at middle, sublignose, pale, incurved, narrowed to base, sparsely verrucose. — Kurz 
loc. cit. 

14. Tft. caerulea, Baker ; leaflets 7 obovate-oblong cuspidate subcoria- 
ceous stipellate glabrous, standard densely silk}', stamens mon^delphous, pod 
large flat rather woody finely brown-velvety. Pongamia caerulea, Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 5894. 

AvA, at Phanoe, Wallich ; Malacca, Maingay. 

A woody climber, with glabrous branches. Leaflets 4-6 in. long, glabrous on both 
sides from an early stage; petiolules ^— ^ in. Flowers in close short-peduncled racemes 
in the axils of the leaves ; pedicels very short, densely fascicled. Calyx campanulate, 
y5 long, faintly silky, nearly truncate. Corolla three times the calyx, the standard 
densely white-canescent on the back. Pod linear-oblong, 7-8 in. long, 1^1^ in. broad, 
recurved, late in dehiscing, clothed with dense short persistent brown velvety pubes- 



15. ZH. g'laucescens, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bang. xlii. 2, (j7 ; 
leaflets obovate-oblong cuspidate membranous exstipellate glabrous beneath, 
standard glabrous on the back, stamens monadelphous, pod flat on the face 
woody linear-oblong glabrous not torulose with both sutures expanded into 
narrow wings. 

Biema ; forests of Pegu and Martaban, Kurz. 

A woody climber, with glabrous branchlets. Leaflets thin, flexible, green above, 
dull below, reaching A fl. ;, petiolules \ in. Racemes close, simple, \ it. long, axillary on 
short peduncles ; pedicels in pairs, exceeding the calyx. Calyx ^ in., with a few 
minute hairs ; teeth deltoid. Corolla | in., steel-blue. Pod 3-4-seeded, tubercled, \ ft. 
by 1 in. 

IC. M. Flscidia, Wight Ic. t. 86 : leaflets 5-7 obovate-oblong cuspidate 
rigidly coriaceous exstipellate glabrous, standard glabrous on the back, stamens 
diadelphous, pod thin compressed oblong glabrous. Galedupa Piscidia, Roxh. Fl. 
Ind, ill. 241. 

Forests of Sikkim, Khasia, Silhet, and Mishmi, ascending to 4000 ft. 

A woody climber, with whitish branchlets, only the youngest branchlets and leaves 



108 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [MiUettia, 

finely silky. Leaflets of medium size, reaching 3-4 in. long, both sides green, quite 
glabrous ; petiolules short. Racemes copious, short, simple, laxly flowered ; pedicels 
;|-| in., often geminate, neither bracteate nor bracteolate. Calyx ^-^ in., thinly 
silky ; teeth short, obtuse. Corolla snow-white, ^^ in. Pod 3-4 in. by 1-1 3^ in., nar- 
rowed to a point; valves quite smooth, dehiscing earlier than in the* other species, 

17. ZtK. Brandislana, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 69; 
leaflets 13 or more lanceolate glabrous subcoriaceous stipellate, standard silkj-- 
on the back, stamens diadelphoiis, pod thin compressed ligiilate-oblong glabrous. 

BiRMA, near Yomah, Kurz. 

An erect tree, with slender terete glabrous branches. Leaflets 1-H in. long, narrowed 
to an obtuse tip, rather rounded at the base. Racemes very lax, panicfed at the end of the 
branches and sending out small shoots from the lower nodes; pedicels much shorter 
than the calyx ; bracts minute, gla])rous, lanceolate. Calyx \ in. glabrous, broadly 
campanulate ; teeth deltoid. Corolla lilac, ^-| in. Pod 3-4 in. long, under an inch, 
broad, 2-4-seeded, the valves quite smooth and flat, twisting when dried. 

18. ItX. eriantha, Benth. PL Jumj. 250 ; leaflets 5 obovate-oblong cus- 
pidate rigidly coriaceous exstipellate glabrous, standard densely silk}', stamens 
diadelphous, pod oblong lignose rugose glabrescent. 

forests of Malacca, Griffith, Maivgay. 

A woody climber, with only the youngest branches silky. Leaflets reaching b-Q in. long, 
very rigid in texture, both sides green and quite glabrous ; petiolules ^--f in. Racemes 
copious, short, subsessile, dense, subspicate ; bracts large, roundish, densely silky, clasp- 
ing and hiding the buds. Calyx subsessile, | in., clothed with bright yellowish -brown 
silky pubescence, like the bracts and standard; teeth as long as the tube, broad, imbri- 
cated. Corolla ^-1 in., densely silky. Pod beaked, txirgid, 3 in. long, 1-seeded, sub- 
indehiscent. 

19. m. atropurpurea, Benth. PI. Jung. 240 ; leaflets 7-9 'oblong acute 
rigidly coriaceous exstipellate glabrous, standard glabrous, stamens diadelphous, 
pod oblong convex smooth rather woody glabrous. Pongamia atropurpurea, 

Wall. Cat. 5910 ; PI. As. Par. t. 78. 

Forests of Martabax, Tenasseeim, Malacca, and Penang. — Distrib. Su- 
matra. 

An erect tree, with thick, glabrous branches. Leaflets 4-6 in. long, very thick and 
rigid, shining above, both sides quite glabrous, reticulato- venose ; petiolules ^-| in. In- 
florescence a dense terminal panicle above the leaves ; racemes not branched ; bracts 
minute, ovate; pedicels i-^ in. Calyx \ in., thinly silky; teeth short obscure. 
Corolla dark purple, 1 in. long. Pod narrowed to both ends, 3 in. long, subindehis- 
cent, 1-seeded in our specimens. 

SuBGEN. 2. Otosexna, Benth. Standard auricled at the base on both 
sides of the clavr. Stamens monadelphous. 

20. BI. auriculata, Baker ; branchlets finely downy, leaflets 7-9 obovate 
obtuse or cuspidate membranous thinly silky, flowers shortly pedicellate, pod 
woody pennanently sericeous. Brand. For. Flor. 138. Robinia macrophylla, 
Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 329. Pongamia macrophylla, Grali. in Wall. Cat. 5892. 
Otosema macrophylla, Benth. PI. Jung. 249. Amerimniun pallidum, Hamilt. 
MSS. 

KoHiLcuxD and Kdmaon to Sikxim, reaching 3500 ft.; also on Parasnath 
in Bkhar. 



Millettia.'] l. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 109 

A large, robust, woody climber. Leaves reaching 1-2 ft. long ; petiole 4-6 in. long ; 
leaflets green, glabrescent above, 6-12 in. by 3-6 in., minutely stipellate, pale below', 
sometimes subcoriaceous. Flowers in copious close axillary racemes near the top of 
the branches, fascicled on a downy rachis 4-6 in. long; bracts minute, linear. Calyx 
^ in., densely silky ; teeth very short. Corolla whitish, three times the calyx, densely 
silky. Pod straight, very hard, 5-6 in. long, 1 in. broad ; sutures thickened. 

21. TfL. frutlcosa, Benth. MSS. ; branches finely downy, leaflets 9-11 
oblanceolate-oblong obtuse or subacute thinly silky, flowers subsessile, pod 
woody glabrescent. Robinia fruticosa, Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 328. Pongamia 
fruticosa, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 909. Otosema fr uticosa, Benth. PL Jung. 249. 
Amerimnum fasciciilatum, Hamilt. MSS. 

Forests of Bengal, Assam and Pegu. 

A woody climber. Leaves long-petioled, -]-l ft. long; leaflets 4-6 in, long, H-2 
in. broad, obsciu*ely stipellate, glabrous above, thinly sericeous beneath. Flowers 
in dense short axillary racemes and also in terminal panicles. Calyx ^ in., densely 
sericeous, subtended by minute ovate bracts and bracteoles. Corolla | in. red, the 
standard densely silky. Pod hard and woody, silky when young, 6-7 in. by 1-1^ in. 

22. ZIX. extensa, Benth. MSS.; branches finely downy, leaflets 9-11 
•obovate-oblong membranous acute thinly silky, flowers short-pedicelled. Pon- 
gamia ? extensa, Wall. Cat. 6900. Otosema extensa, Benth. VI. Jung. 249. 

Martaban, Wallich. 

A little-known climbingspecies, closely allied to the two preceding. Leaflets long- 
petioled, distantly placed on an elongated nearly glabrous rachis, glabrescent above, 
not seen fully developed. Flowers in very copious close axillary racemes 6-8 in, long 
near the top of the branches. Calyx ^ in,, campanulate, scarcely toothed, with a 
pair of very minute bracteoles at the base. Corolla | in,, densely silky, reddish lilac. 
Pod like that of M. auricxdata when young, but not seen mature. 

23. ZMC. leiogryna, Kurz in Journ. As. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, G7 ; branches 
ferrugineo-tomentose, leaflets 9-13, flowers distinctly pedicelled, ovaiy glabrous. 

Martaban, Kurz. 

A woody climber with terete minutely lenticellatc branches, all the young parts 
ferrugineo-tomentose. Adult leaves not known. Racenies 4-5 in., arising from 
shortened lateral branches, and forming usually ample lateral panicles ; pedicels 
i-^ in,, nodding, velvety. Calyx broader than deep, under ^ in. long, fulvous-velvet v, 
obscurely tootlied, upper tooth largest. Corolla glabrous, violet; standard ^ in. long, 
emarginate, yellow at the throat. Young pod smooth, linear, acuminate. Placed by 
Xurz next to M. extensa. I have seen no specimen. 

24. US. caudata, Baker) branches glabrous, leaflets 7-9 oblong 
caudate coriaceous glabrous, flowers pedicellate, pod glabrescent not woody. 
Pongamia ? daudata, Grah. Wall. Cat. 5895. Otosema caudata, Benth. PL Juiur. 
249. _ -^ 

Forests of Khasia and Silhet, ascending to 3000 ft. 

A woody climber. Leaflets minutely otipellate, 6-9 in, long, firm, bright green 
above, glaucous below, narrowed out at the tip into a long distinct, tail. Racemis 
axillary, short-peduncled, not so dense as in the others. 4-6 in. long. Calyx cam- 
panulate, ^ in., scarcely toothed, densely silky. Bracts vi-ry minute. Corolla 
:^-| in., densely silky. Pod linear, straight, rigidly-coriaceous, subequally turgid, 
3-4 in. long, ^ in. broad. 



110 L. LEGUMINOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Mundulea. 

Doubtful Species. 

The following are probable species of MUlettia, of which either flowers or pods are 
unknown. 

Leaflets and pod as in M. atropurpurea, but the latter 6-7 in. long, 2-2^ in. 
broad, smooth, woody, flat, perhaps indehiscent. — Malacca, Griffith, 1835. 

Leaflets 7, subcoriaceous, obovate, very obtuse, opaque, 3-4 in. long, obscurely 
grey-canescent below. Fod linear, 4-5 in. long, flat, | in. broad, several-seeded, with 
similar vestiture. Pegu, McClelland. May be Padbbuggla dasyphtlla, Miq^. 
Flor. Lid. Bat. i. 150. 

M. Maingayi, Baker. Leaflets 15 or more, oblong, coriaceous, 1^-2 in. long, 
rounded at both ends, pubescent below. Pod oblong, woody, indehiscent, rounded at 
both ends, 4 in. long, 2^ in. broad, an inch thick, turgid, densely clothed with short 
brown velvety pubescence, the surfaces traversed by deep longitudinal grooves, 
Singapore, Maingay. 

PoNGAMiA ANGUSTiFOLiA, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 6917. Leaflets 9, exstipellate, 
not coriaceous, glabrous, oblanceolate-oblong, acuminate, 2-3 in. long. Inflorescence 
and separate flowers jnst as in M. glaucescens. Nipal, Hamilton. 

21. MVNDUZ.SA, DO. 

Shrubs. Leaves odd-pinnate. Flowers in dense terminal racemes. Calyx 
campanulate ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla much exserted ; standard obovate, 
with a long claw ; wings oblanceolate, adhering to the incurved keel, which 
has a short obtuse point. Stamens monadelphous ; alternate filaments slightly 
dilated ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile, linear, many-ovuled ; style filiform, 
glabrous, much incurved; stigma capitate. Pod large, linear, subindehis- 
cent. DiSTRiB. Species 3, the two others plants of Madagascar. 

1. nX. suberosa, Benth. PI. Jung. 248; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 85; Anal. Ge7u 
t. 12, fig. 2. Tephrosia suberosa, DC. Pi-odr. ii. 249; Hook. Ic. Pl.t. ]20; 
Wall. Cat. 6628; W. 8fA. Prodr. 210; Wt. III. t. 79 ("82") ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. 
Bomb. Fl. 60. Robinia suberosa, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 327. R. sennoides, 
Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 328. Tephrosia sericea, BC. P?'odr. ii. 249; TFall. Cat. 
5629. Cytisus sericeus, Willd. Sp. iii. 1121. T. Petersiana, Klotzsch in Petei's 
Mosscmb. Bot. t. 9. T. icthynica, Bert. Misc. xviii. 18, t. 3. 

Hill-valleys of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon. — Distrib. Trop. Africa,. 
Natal. 

A stout erect shrub, with thick corky bark. Branches, rachises, pedicels and 
leaves beneath densely sericeous. Leaflets 6-10-jugate, oblong-lanceolate, coriaceous, 
1;^2 in. long. Flowers in close terminal racemes. Pedicels 2-3 times the cam^ 
panulate calyx. Corolla f-1 in. long, reddish, thinly silvery. Pod 3-4 in. long,, 
densely sericeous, 6-8-seeded, both sutures thickened so as to form prominent borders. 

22. TZSPKROSZA, Pers. 

Herbs or undershnibs. Leaves usually odd-pinnate ; leaflets opposite, sub- 
coriaceous. Floivers in leaf-opposed racemes or solitary or in pairs in the axils of 
the leaves. Calyx-tvihQ campanulate ; teeth distinct, subequal. Petals clawed ; 
standard suborbicular ; keel incurved, not beaked. Stamens diadelphous ; 
anthers obtuse, uniform. Ovary sessile, linear, many-ovuled ; style much 
incurved, filiform or flattened, glabrous or bearded ; stigma capitate often peni- 
ciUate. Pod linear, flattened, many-seeded, 2-valved, continuous or obscurely 
septate between the seeds. Distrib. Species about 100, spread through the 
Ti-opics of both hemispheres. 



Tephrosia.} l. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) Ill 

SuBGEX. 1. macronyx (Dalzell). Annual. Leaves simple. 

1. T. tenuis, Wall. Cat. 5970; Balz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. Gl. Macronyx 
strigosus, Dalz. in Hook. Keio Joui-n. ii. 36. 

Plains of Scixde, the Punjab and Coxcax. 

SteTns filiform, densely c'tespitose, |-1 ft. long with a few short adpressed hairs. 
Leaves nearly sessile, linear, 1-2 in. long, narrowed suddenly or gradually at the 
point, glabrous above, obscurely silky beneath ; stipules minute, setaceous, ascending. 
Flowers 1-2 together in the axils of the leaves. Pedicels filiform, ^— ^ in. Calyx 
ij in. ; teeth lanceolate, much shorter than the tube. Corolla ^ in., all the petals- 
with very long claws. Fod linear, ^—1 in. long, 6-10-seeded, thinly clothed with 
adpressed hairs. Style short, glabrous, filiform. 

SuBGEN. 2. Brlssonla (NecJc). Shrubby. Leaves odd-pinnate. Calyx- 
teeth short, deltoid. 

2. T. Candida, DC. Pt-odr. ii. 249; Wall. Cat 5627 ; W. S,- A. Prod,: 
210. Robinia Candida, JRo.vb. Fl. I7id. iii. 327. Galega arborescens, Herb. 
Madras. Kiesera sericea, Reimv. in Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 291. Xiphocarpus 
candidus, Hassk. Fl. Far. Jav. 336. 

HiMAiATAS, tropical zone, from Ktjmaox eastward to Khasia and Assam, ascending 
to 5000 ft. in Sikkim. Silhet, Chittagong, Maktaban, and Tenasserim. — Distrib. 
Malay isles. 

A low shrub, with slender woody grooved branches clothed with Ijrown or grey 
persistent velvety pubescence ; stipules setaceous, ascending ; leaves short-petioled, 
reaching 6-9 in, long ; leaflets 19-25, ligulate, acute, H-2 in. long, green 
glabrous above, grey and thinly silky beneath. Bacemes copious, terminal and lateral, 
elongated, 6-9 in. long ; lower several to a fascicle; pedicels silkj-, ^-^ in. Calyx 
\-\ in., densely silky; teeth much shorter than the tube. Corolla ^-1 in., reddish or 
white; standard densely silky. Pod 3-4 in. long, lO-lS-seoded, slightly recurved, 
clothed with adpressed brown silky hairs ; style flattened, silky. 

SuBGEX. 3. Zleineria (Moenck.). Perennial herbs or shrubs. Leaves odd- 
pinnate or simple. Calyx-teeth narrow, cuspidate, as long as the tube. 

3. T. calophylla, Bedd. Ic. Flant. Lnd. Or. t. 166; lierbaceouB, 
glabrous, leaves simple, flowers in lax long terminal racemes. 

East slope of the Nilghiris, alt. 3000 ft., Beddome. 

Branches slender, angular, tough. Leaves oblanceolate, obtuse, rigidly coria- 
ceous, 3-4 in. long, cxxneate at the base; veins below and edges distinct, brown ; 
stipules linear, minute; petiole angular, 1-1^ in. Bacemes 6-9 in. long: l)raots 
linear, very minute ; pedicels 2-3 times the calyx. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth lanceolate, 
cuspidate, as long as the tube. Corolla f-i in, ; standard downy on the back. Pod 
2i-3 in. long, recurved, glabrous, 8-10-seeded. 

4. T. tinctoria, Fers. ; FC. Frodr. ii. 252 ; shrubby, branches densely 
Velvety, leaflets large 3-13 casually simple, flowers in copious long-peduncled 
congested racemes. W. Sf A. Frodr. 211; Wt. Ic. t. 388; non Wall. Cat. 
5643. T. Heyneana, ir^^//. O^. 5631. Galega Ileyneana, i?o.r6. i-V. 7//r/. iii. 
384. T. hyparg^-rsea, DC. Frodr. ii. 253. T. nervosa, Fers. ; DC. Frodr, 
ii. 254. 

Western Pkxixsui.a and Ckvlox, ascending to 5000 ft. 

An undershrub, with flexuose woody twiggy branches, densely clothed with brown 
or grey velvety pubescence. Leaves subsessile, very variable ; leaflets usually 3-6- 



112 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Tephrosia, 

jugate (reduced to one in T. Grahami, Wall. Cat. 5652), oblong, obtuse, sub- 
coriaceous, the end one much larger than the others, 2-3 in. long, f-1 in. broad, 
green, glabrous above, clothed with persistent white silky pubescence beneath, 
the nerves prominent; stipules lanceolate, ascending. Peduncles often exceeding 
the leaves ; racemes closely 3-1 2 -flowered ; flowers casually also in the axils of 
the leaves; pedicels very short. Calyx ^ in., densely silky ; teeth long, setaceous. 
Corolla |-^ in., pale red, silky. Pod slightly recurved, '2-2^ in. long, 10-12-8eeded, 
glabrescent. Sti/le flattened, bearded throughout. 

Vae. l.pulcherrima; leaflets large (end one 3 in. long) coriaceous often solitary, 
veins below very prominent, bracts ovate-lanceolate, flowers few close, pod per- 
sistently velvety. T. pulcherrima, Wight MSS. Nilghiris and Ceylon. 

Var. 2. coccinea ; leaflets 1-5 |-1 in. broad cuneately narrowed in the lower 
half, branches closely argenteo-canescent, bracts linear minute, racemes elongated. 
T. coccinea. Wall. Cat. 5633 ; PL As. Ear. t. 60. Birma, Wallich. 

Var. 3. intermedia, W. ^ A. ; branches velvety, leaflets much smaller 9-13 
\-^ in. broad the end one not much larger than the others, the veins less pro- 
minent ; racemes not so close as in the type. T. intermedia, GraJi. in Wall. 
Cat. 5632. Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

5. T. spinosa, Ters. ; DC. Frodr. ii. 254 ; shrubby, branches closely 
argenteo-canescent, stipules spiny, flov^ers 1-2 all in the axils of the leaves. 
Wall. Cat. 5651. W. 8( A. Prodr. 214 {excl. syn.) ; Wight Ic. t. 372. Galega 
spinosa, Linn. ; Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 383. 

Plains of the "Western PENiNStrxA and Ceylon. — Distrib. Java. 

A low shrub, with very numerous terete flexuose ascending branches. Spines 
■spreading, |— i in. Leaves short-petioled, ^-1 in. long; leaflets 5-7, narrow- 
oblanceolate, rigidly subcoriaeeous, truncate, often emarginate, glabrous above, 
glaucous, nearly glabrous below. Flowers all axillary ; 1-2 rarely 3 from the nodes ; 
pedicels ~^ in. Calyx ^ in., teeth linear-acuminate, as long as the tube. Corolla 
red, twice the calyx. Pod f-1 in., nearly glabrescent, recurved, 5-6-seeded. Style 
much incurved, flattened, glabrous. 

6. T. senticosa, Pers. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 254 ; shrubby, branches closely 
argenteo-canescent, stipules not spiny, flowers 1-2 aU in the axils of the 
leaves, W. ^ A. Prodr. 211 ; Wight Ic. t, 370 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 61. 
Galena senticosa, Linn. Amwn. iii. 19, G. pentaphylla, Poxb. FL Ind. iii, 384, 
T, pentaphylla, Grah. in WalL Cat. 5650. T. elegans, WalL Cat. 5634, 

Plains of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon ; BraMA, Wallich. 

A low shrub, with copious erecto-patent terete slender branches ; petiole very 
•short ; stipules minute, ascending, setaceous ; leaflets usually 5, rarely 3, nar- 
row-oblanceolate, 1-1^ in. long, truncate or emarginate, green, glabrous above, 
thinly silky beneath, cuneately narrowed in the lower half. Flowers usually geminate ; 
pedicels ^ in., argenteous. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth linear, as long as the tube. Corolla 
more than twice the calyx, argenteous. Pod 1^2 in. long, 6-8 seeded, much 
Tecurved, persistently thinly canescent. 

7. T. purpurea, Pers. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 251 ; herbaceous, stems glabrescent 
or finely downy, racemes elongated, pod glabrescent or finely downy slightly 
recurved 6-10-seeded. WalL Cat. 5638 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 213 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. 
Bomb.FLQl. T. leptostachva, DC. loc. cit. Galega purpurea, iewr?. ; Roxb. 
FL JnfZ. iii. 386. G. lancesefolia, Roxb. FL Ind. iii. 386. G. Colonila and 
■sericea, Ham. in Linn. Trans, xiii. 544-5. G. tinctoria, Lamk. ; Roxb. FL 
Ind. iir. 386, non L. T, stricta, Grah. in WalL Cat. 5639. T. Taylorii, 
Gi-ah. in. WalL Cat. 5637. T. Wallichii, Grah. in WalL Cat. 5640. T, lobata, 
Qrah. in WalL Cat. 5646, T. tinctoria, Grah. in Wall Cat. 5643. T. gale- 



Tejphrosia.l L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 113 

goides, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5649. T. lanceaefolia, Lmk ; DC. loc. cit. T. indi- 
gofera, liert. Misc. xix. 9, t. 5. T. lanceolata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5G36. 
Indigofera flexuosa, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 54:7 ii-^Iiheede Hurt. Mai. i. t. 55. 

Tropical zone, spread universally from the Himalayas to Ceylok, Malacca and 
SIA^f, ascending to 4000 ft. in the north-west. — DisTitin. Everywhere in iho Tropics. 

A copiously-branched suberect perennial, 1-2 ft. high, with slender lirm terete 
stems. Leaves short-petioled, 3-6 in. long; stipules linear-subulate, ascending or 
reflexed ; leaflets 13-21, narrow oblanceolate, obtuse, green, glabrescent above, 
glaucous, obscurely silky below. Racemes copious, all leaf-opposed, 3-G in. long, lax ; 
lower flowers fascicled; pedicels ^-\ in.; bracts minute. Calyx jj— ^ in., closely 
silky ; teeth linear-subulate, as long as the tube. Corolla \-'^ in., red, thinly silky. 
Pod 1^2 in. by i in. broad ; style subglabrous, penicillato at the tip. 

Var. 1. maxima; taller, suberect, stipules lanceolate reflexed, racemes many- 
flowered elongated, corolla \ in. long, pod glabrescent 2-2| in. long 10-12- 
seeded. T. maxima, Pcrs. ; DC. Prod.r. ii. 2o2. W. 4' A. Prodr. 213. Galegn. 
maxima, Linn. Sp. PL 1063. T. Mitchellii, Grah. in Wall. Cat 5641.— Plains of tho 
WestL-rn Peninsula and Ceylon. 

Var. 2. pumila ; lower, more diffuse, persistently finely downy, stipules linear- 
setaceous, leaflets 9-11 smaller more downy, corolla rather smaller, pod 1-1^ in. 
long finely downy. T. pumila, Pers. ; DC. Prodr. \\. 254. T. timoriensis, DC. Prodr^ 
ii. 254. T. diflfusa, W. # A. Prodr. 213. Galega diffusa, Roxb. Fl. Ltd. iii. 387. 
G. procumbens. Ham. in Trans. Linn. Soc. xiii. 547. T. parviflora, Wight in Wall. 
Cat. 5642. — Distribution of the type, 

8. T. Kookeriana, W. i^'-A. Prodr. 212; herbaceous, stems finely 
downy, racemes elongated, pod slightly recurved 8-10-seeded clothed with 
persistent brownish silky hairs. T. Colutea, Wight. ; Wall. Cat. 5047. Galega 
hirta, Ham. in Trans. Linn. Soc. xiii, 546. T. amcena, Jfort. Calc. non l*crs. 

Plains from the Himalayas to Ceylox and Malacca. 

Closely allied to T. purpurea, from which it scarcely diifcrs except in the. vcstiture 
of the pod. Stipules linear; leaflets 13-19, narrow oblanceolate, ^-1 in. long, 
truncate or emarginate, glabrescent above, thinly persistently silky below. Raceines 
all lateral, reaching 6-9 in. long; pedicels /rp-^ in. Calyx densely silky, ^-i in. ; 
teeth setaceous, exceeding the tube. Corolla j^-^ in. Pod 1^2 in. by ^ in. ; stylo 
flattened, subglabrous, penicillato at the tip. 

9. T. villosa, Pers. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 251 ; herbaceous, stems finely downy, 
racemes elongated, pod much recurved 6-8-seeded densely clothed -w-ith white 
silky hairs. Wall. C«iJ. 5645; W. 4'- A. Prodr. 212. Galega villosa, Z?/j/i. ; 
Ro.ib. Fl. Lml. iii. 385. T. argentea, Pers. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 252 ; W. ^- A. Prodr. 
212. Galega argentea, Lamk. Diet. ii. 599. G. Barba-jovis, Bunn. Fl. Ind. 
172. 

Plains from the Himalayas to Ceylon. — Distrib. Mauritius, Trop. Africa. 

Habit of T. purpurea, but stems somewhat firmer and more woody, clothed with 
short adpressed white hairs. Leaves nearly sessile, 2-3 in. lung; stipules linear, 
ascending or reflexed; leaflets 13-19, grey-green, glabrescent above, persistently 
silky below, narrow oblanceolate, often emarginate. Racemes half a foot or more 
long ; lower floAvers in distant fascicles, lowest often in the axils of the leaves ; 
pedicels very short ; bracts setaceous, plumose. Calyx \-\ in. deep, densely silky; 
teeth setaceous, lower exceeding the tube. Corolla pale red, not much exceeding 
the calyx. ]'od 1-1^ in. long, i-i in. broad, densely persistently velvety; stylo 
glabrous, flattened, densely penicillate at the tip. 

Var. 1, incana-, stems clothed with short spreading pubescence, leaflets rather 
broader, pod still more densely silky. T. incana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6644 ; 



114 li. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Tephrosia, 

W. ^ A. Prodr. 212; Wt. Ic. t. 371. Galega incana, Tioxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 385. Gr. 
Colutea, W\M. Sp. PL iii. 1246 {exchtding description of pod). T. Ehrenbergiana, 
Schweinf. PL JEthiojp. 18.— Distribution oif the type. 

10. T. pauclflora, Grah. in WaU. Cat. 6635 ; herbaceous, steins finely 
silky, flowers usually all in the axils of the leaves, pod glabrescent or finely 
downy slightly recurved 6-8-seeded. T. anthylloides, Hochst. ; Baker in Oliv. 
Fl<yr'Trop. Africa, ii. 118 ? 

Plains of Scinde, Stocks, Dalzell ; Punjab, Stewart ; Bibma, Wallich. 

Stems densely cgespitose, under a foot high. Stipules ascending, setaceous; 
leaflets 5-9, narrow oblanceolate, finely silky beneath, \-\\ in. long, often emat- 
ginate. Flowers usually all geminate on short pedicels in the axils of the upper 
leaves, casually produced into a sparse raceme. Calyx ^ in., finely silky. Corolla 
red, twice the calyx. Pod 1-2 in. by ^ in. ; style glabrous, flattened. — Probably a 
third variety of T. purpurea. The Indian differs from the African plant by 
smaller flowers and fewer seeds. 

DOtrBTFITL SPECIES. 

T. mscA, W. 4- A. Prodr. 210 (T. argentea, Wight in Wall. Cat 5648, non Pers.\ 
is a plant gathered by Dr. Wight on the Dindygul hills, of which the flowers are not 
known. In general habit, leaves, inflorescence, vestiture, and the shape of the calyx 
and pod, it resembles closely Mundulea suberosa, but the leaflets are shorter and more 
obtuse, and the pod dehisces readily, like that of a Tephrosia, and the sutures are not 
thickened so as to form a prominent border. The calyx is that of § Brissonia. 

23. SESBAMXA, Pers. 

Soft-wooded shrubs or herbs. Leaves long, very narrow, abruptly-pinnate, 
with very numerous deciduous linear-oblong obtuse mucronate leaflets. Flowers 
in axillary racemes. Cahjx campanulate, shallowly 2-lipped or 5-toothed. Co- 
rolla much exserted ; petals all with long claws ; standard broad ; keel obtuse, 
straight, or in § Agati recurved and subrostrate. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers 
uniform. Omrtj linear, stipitate, many-ovuled ; style filiform, incurved, glabrous, 
stigma capitate. Pod very long and narrow, dehiscent, with distinct septa be- 
tween the very numerous seeds. — Distrib. Species about 20, spread everywhere 
through the tropics. 

. SuBGv,^. 1. Eusesbanla. Flowers pmdXi. ) bud straight. 

1. S. aeg'yptlaca, Pers. ; DC. Prod. ii. 264 ; perennial, unarmed, pod 
flexible twisted. WaU. Cat. 5656 ; W. 8f A. P'odr. 214 ; Wt. Ic. t. 32 ; Bedd. FL 
Sylv. 86, Anal. Gen. t. 12, fig. 3 ; Brand. For. Flor. 137 ; Boiss. FL Or. ii. 193. 
^schvnomene Sesban, Linn. ; Roxh. FL Ind. iii. 332. JE,. indica, Burm. FL Ind. 
169. Coronilla Sesban, Willd. Sp. iii. l\^7—Rheede Hort. MaL vi. t. 27. 

Plains from the Himalayas to Cetlon and Siam, ascending to 4000 ft. in the 
north-west. — Distrib. Cosmopolitan in tropics of old world. 

A soft-wooded shrub of short duration, 6-10 ft. high, with terete twiggy branches. 
Leaves 3-6 in. long; leaflets 21-41, glabrous, linear-oblong, pale green. Flowers 
6-10, in copious lax axillary racemes ; pedicels filiform, ^-jin. Calyx ^ in., glabrous, 
membranous ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla ^— f in., glabrous, pale yellow or (in S. 
picta, Pers. ; Bot. Reg. t. 873), more or less tinged with deep red. Pod 6-9 in. long, 
weak, toridose ; sutures little thickened. 

2. S. aculeata, Pers. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 265 ; annual, muricated, pod long 
firm not twisted nor torulose. WalL Cat. 6655 ; W. «^- A. Prodr. 214 j Dalz. 4* 



Seshania.l L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 115 

Cribs. Bomb. Fl. C2. ^schynomene "bispinosa, Jacq. Ic. t. 564. JFj. spinulosa, 
Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 333. Ooronilla aculeata, Willd. Sp. PL iii. 1147. 

Plains from the West Hisialatas to Ceylon and Siam. — Distrib. Cosmopolitan 
in tropics of old world. 

Suffruticose, reaching several feet high, the branches and leaf-rachises armed with 
small weak prickles. Leaves reaching ^1 ft. long; leaflets glabrous, 41-81, 
smaller and narrower than in S. agyptiaca. Racemes laxly 3-6-flowered, distinctly 
peduncled. Calyx ^ in., glabrous. Corolla f-4 in., pale yellow ; standard dotted with 
red. P9d 6-9 in. by ^ in., straight or rather falcate, beaked with the persistent 
style. 

Vae. 1. paludosa ; more robust, unarmed, leaves glabrous. M. paludosa and uligi- 
nosa, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 333-4. 

Vae. 2. sericea ; branches robust unarmed, leafl[ets more or less silky even when 
mature, racemes subsessile. S. sericea. DC. Prodr. ii. 266— f Plains of Ceylon, Fergus- 
son, CP., 3850. 

Vae. 3. canyiabina ; branches obscurely muricated, racemes subsessile 3-4- 
flowered, corolla and calyx smaller, the former not more than \ in. long. S. canna- 
bina, Pets. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 215 ; W. 4- A. Prodr. 215 ; Wall. Cat. 5657. ^schynomeno 
ca.nna,hina, Retz. Obs. v. 26. Coronilla cannabina, Willd. Sp. PI. iii. J 148. S. afiSnis, 
Schrad. ; DC. loc. cit. 

3. S. procumbens, W. 8f A. Prodr. 215 ; annual, obscurely muricated, 
pod short flexible torulose not twisted. Dalz. Sr Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 02. ^scby- 
nomehe procumbens, Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 337. JE. diffusa, Roxb. MSS. 

Plains of the Westeen Peninsula. 

Branches lower and more slender than in the last. Leaves 2-3 in. long ; leaflet* 
31-41, linear-oblong, glabrous, glaucous. Flowers solitary or geminate, without a 
common peduncle. Calyx ^ in. long. Corolla 3 times the calyx. Pod straight, 2-3 in. 
long, j^2 in- thick, 15-20-seeded, distinctly torulose. 

Stjbgen. 2. A. s a.ti, Desv. Floivers large ; bud falcately recurved. 

4. S. g-randiflora, Pers. Si/n. ii. 316; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 86; Brand. For. 
Flor. 137. ^schynomene grandiiflora, Linn. Sp. 1050; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 331. 
Agati grandiflora, Besv. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 2m ; Wall. Cat, 5654 ; W. 8>- A. Prodr. 
215. Coronilla grandiflora, Willd. Sp. iii. 1145 — Rheede Hort. Mai. i. t. 51. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula, a doubtful native. — Distrib. Mauritius to N". 
Australia, but often cultivated. 

A short-lived soft-wooded tree, 20-30 ft. higli, with virgatc terete branches. 
Leaves \-\ ft. long; leaflets 41-61, linear-oblong, pale green, glabrous. Flowers 
2-4, in short axillary racemes. Calyx 1 in. deep, gbibrous, shallowly 2-lipped. Corolla, 
3-4 in. deep, white or. in JE. coccinea, Desv. ; DC. loc. cit. (i?i!schynomene cocci nea, L.\ 
more or less deeply tinged with red. Pod 1 foot or more long, falcate, firm, not toru- 
lose, the sutures much thickened. 

24. CAXIAGANA, Lam. 

Usually low s!irubs, with the leaf-rachises and the stipules usually spine- 
tipped and hardened, persistent from year to year. Calyx canipanulate, placed 
very obliquely on its pedicel, produced on the upper side ; teeth 5, deltoid or 
lanceolate. Corolla muck exserted ; standard broad, with reHexed edges ; keel 
not at all beaked, usually as long as the wings and standard. StavmiA diadelph- 
ous; anthers uniform. Ovary linear, sessile, raany-ovuled ; style filiform, incurved, 
glabrous, stigma minute terminal. Pod linear, turgid, not at all torulose, con- 
tinuous, but sometimes pubescent within. — Distkib. Species about 15, spread 
widely through Central Asia. 



116 L. LEGUMiNOSj;. (J. G. Baker.) \_Caraganvb\ 

* Ijeaf-rachis Bwppr^sed. 

1. C. pyg'xneea, DC. Prodr. ii. 268 ; leaflets 4 digitate oManceolate gla- 
"brous, flowers solitary nearly sessile. Brand. For. Flor. 1^34. Robinia pygmoea, 
Linn. Sp. PL 1044 ; Pall. Fl. Ross, i. t. 45. Genista versicolor, Wall. Cat. 
5922 ; Roijle III. t. 34, fig. 2. 0. versicolor, Benth. in Royle 111. 198. 

West Himalayas, temperate and alpine regions ; Tibet, Ktjnawar, &c., alt. 
8-17,000 ft. — DisTRiB. Afghanistan, Altai to Davuria. 

A low undershrub, with the habit of a prickly Genista, the branches armed with a. 
pungent, ascending trifid spine under an inch long from each of the close nodes. 
Leaves solitary or geminate in the spine axils, with rarely a perceptible petiole ; 
leaflets |~^ in. long, firm, pale green. Pedicels jointed, shorter than the calyx. Calyx 
glabrous, \ in. long ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla bright reddish-yellow, f in ; 
standard glabrous. Pod linear, turgid, glabrous, naked within, |-1 in. long. 

** Leaf-rachis produced, with a spine at the end. 

2. C conferta, Benth. MSS. ; leaflets 4-6 oblanceolate aubglabrous,, 
stipules spinous, flowers 1-2 subsessile. 

Balti, temperate or alpine region, Winterbottom. 

Nodes crowded on the castaneous downy branches. Spines woody, an inch long. 
Stipides broad, scariose, downy, with a spiny tip ; leaflets ^--| in. long, obtuse, with a 
mucro, at first faintly silky beneath, subcoriaceous. Pedicels downy, shorter than the 
calyx. Calyx | in., finely silky ; teeth deltoid, ciliated, half as long as the tube. Co- 
rolla 1 in. long, the keel incurved, with very long claws. Ovary linear, densely- 
pubescent, 10-lo-ovuled ; style long, much incurved. Pod unknown. 

3. C. Gerardiana, Royle HI. 198, t. 34, fig. 1 ; leaflets 8-12 oblan- 
ceolate-oblong densely pubescent, stipules not spinous, flowers 1-2 subsessile. 
Brand. For. Flor. 133. Astragalus Gerardianus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5938. 
0. spinosissima, Benth. in Royle III. 198 ; Camh. in Jacquem. Voy. Bot. t. 43. 

West Himalayas, temperate and alpine region, alt. 8-13,000 ft.; Gurwhal, 

KUMAON, KUNAWAR, 

A shrub reaching 3-4 ft. high, with very close nodes and downy young branches. 
Old spines erecto-patent, pungent, 1-1^ in. long, often downy. Leaflets -^-^ in. long, 
obtuse, mucronate, firm, densely silky ; stipules deltoid, scarious, not spine-tipped and 
consequently the old spines simple, not trifid. Calyx shortly pedicelled, f in. long, 
densely pubescent ; teeth deltoid-cuspidate, half the tu])e. ConAla twice the calyx. 
Pod \-\ in by 1 in., woolly within and persistently clothed with grey pubescence on 
the outside. 

4. C polyacantlia, Royle III. 198 ; leaflets 10-12 obovate-oblong 
densely pubescent, stipules spinous, flowers 1-2 on a short peduncle. Astragalus- 
polyacanthus, Wall. Cat. 5934. 

Ce>'Tral Himalaya, alpine or temperate region; Kumaon, Blinkworth; Gur- 
wiiAL, Strachey and Winterbottom. 

A low shrub, with close nodes and densely downy young branches. Old spines 
1-2 in. long, weaker and less pungent than in the last. Xea/-rachises densely matted 
•with pale brown woolly pubescence ; leaflets ^-f in. long, pale green, rigidly coriaceous, 
truncate, mucronate. Common peduncle short and not always developed. Calyx | in. 
long, densely silky, subtended by a pair of linear bracteoles ; teeth setaceous from a 
deltoid base, half as long as the tube. Corolla yellowish, twice the calyx. Ovary 
linear, densely pubescent. Pod unknown. 

5. C. brevisplna, Royle III. 198; leaflets 12-16 obovate-oblong gla- 
Itfous or finely silky, stipules spinous, flowers 2-4 on a common peduncle. 
Brand. For. Flor. 133. 



Garagana.l L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 117 

West Himalayas, temperate region, alt. 5-9000 ft. ; Kashmir, Kunawab, Guh- 
T^HAL, Simla, &c. — Distriu. Chinese Tartary. Afghanistan. 

A shrub several feet high, the nodes less crowded than in the preceding, the young 
branches finely downy, • Old spine-tipped rachises 2-4 in. long, rigid or flexible. 
Leaflets f-^ in. long, subcoriaceous, glabrescent on both sides or thinly pubescent be- 
low. Peduncle 1-2 in.; bracts and bracteoles linear, scarious ; pedicels downy. Calyx 1^ 
in. long, subglabrous ; teeth half the tube, lanceolate-cuspidate. Corolla glabrous, 
yellowish, twice the calyx. Pod glabrous, linear, 2 in. long, woolly within. 

*** Spineless leaf-rachis produced, icith a leaflet at the end (GirES'S'EYA,Lindl.). 

6, C. crasslcaulis, JBenth. MSS. ; leaflets 21-25 linear-oblonp: pubes- 
cent, flowers solitary. Astragalus crasslcaulis, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5932. A. 
nubigenus, Do7i Prodr. 245 ? Caragana (Nephelotrophe) nubigena, Bunge 
Mon. Astrag. 240 ? 

Himalayas, alpine region, alt. 12-17,000 ft, ; Gurwhal and Kitmaon to Sikkim. 

StciTis thick, tufted, woody, creeping for a few inches below the surface, clothed 
very densely with the long old tough but not pungent or spinous leaf-rachises. Leaves 
in a lax rosette at the surface, short-petioled, l-l|- in, long ; leaflets green, not coriace- 
ous, ^-\ in. long, truncate or emarginate. Peduncle downy, as long as the calyx. Calyx 
I in, long, very oblique, densely pubescent ; teeth ^-^ tube. Corolla reddish-yellow, twice 
the calyx ; standard pubescent on the outside ; wings and keel shorter. Pod linear- 
oblong, -f-f in, long, finely pubescent, stuflfed inside with cottony down, 

7. C. cuneata, Baker-, leaflets 11-13, flowers 1-3 long-ped uncled. 
Guldenstaedtia cuneata, Benth. in Boyle III. 200. CJiesneya vaginalis, Jauh. and 
Spach. El. 96, t. 48 ? (calyx teetb shorter). 

Temperate and Alpine West Himalayas, alt. 8-13,000 ft. ; Tibet and Ktjnawab. 
— DiSTRiB, Orient ? ; Kashgar, Bellew. 

Branches 2-3 in. long, crowded from a woody rhizome. Stipules small, deltoid ; 
ieaf-rachis, including distinct petiole, 2-4 in, long ; leaflets obovate, |-| in. long, truncate, 
emarginate, not coriaceous, densely pubescent. Peduncle equalling or overtopping the 
leaves ; pedicels very short. Calyx |-^ in, downy ; teeth linear-lanceolate, half as long 
as the tube or more. Corolla twice the calyx ; standard pubescent ; wings rather shorter ; 
keel shorter still. Pod straight, linear, glabrous, 2-2^ in. long, 10-12-seeded, slightly 
stuffed within. This and the last have the oblique calyx of Calophaca, but in habit 
and corolla range better under Guldenstoedtia. — Dr. Aitchison sends from Ladak a plant 
with deep purple flowers, more hoary leaves and narrower pod, which may be distinct. 



25. GUXiDSNSTHSDTXA, Fisch. 

Spineless perennials. Leaves odd-pinnate. Floorers solitary or umbellate on 
long axillary peduncles. Calyx-tube campanulate, not oblique ; teeth 5, distinct, 
upper broader. Corolla much exserted ; standard round ; keel not more than 
iialf as long as the other petals, straight, obtuse. Sta7nens diadelphous ; anthers 
imiform. Ovary sessile, many-ovuled ; style incurved very short, stigma capitate. 
Pod linear, turgid, not torulose, continuous within. — Distrib. Species 7-8, all 
Central Asian. 

1- G-. bimalaica, Baker; shortly caulescent, leaflets 11-13 obovate- 
olDCordate densely silky, flowers 1-3, calyx-teeth much shorter than the tube. 

Himalaya, alpine zone, alt. 11-15,000 ft. ; Kumaon and Gurwhal to Sikkim. 
Stems 1-2 in. long, caespitose from a perennial rootstock, densely silky. Leaves 
i-l^ in. long, distinctly petioled, densely clothed with pale brown silky hairs ; stipules 



118 L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) [Guldenstcediia. 

large, leafy, ovate ; leaflets ^~\ in. long, not at all rigid. Peduncle filiform, 1-3 in. 
long ; pedicels shorter than calyx ; bracts lanceolate, very minute. Calyx ^ in., silky ;. 
upper teeth deltoid, lower lanceolate. Corolla 3-4 times calyx; standard round, 
glabrous. Fod linear, glabrous, 5 in. long, 6-8-seeded, with a narrow border to the- 
upper suture. 

2. G-. xnlrpourensis, Benth. MSS. ; stemless, leaflets 3-7 oHong 
obscurely pubescent, flowers 1-3, calyx-teeth as long as the tube. Astragalus 
mirpoiu'ensis, Camb. in Jacqucm. Voy. Bot. 39, t. 46. 

Upper Gtangetic plain at Mirpour, Jacquemont. Hazaba, Dr. Stewart. 

Ehizoones slender, branched, with the leaves and peduncles in a rosette at the sur- 
face. Petiole ^1 in., obscurely pubescent, like the rachis and underside of the 
leaves ; leaflets \-^ in. long, obtuse, glabrescent above, not at all rigid. Peduncle as- 
long as the leaves ; pedicels scarcely any. Calyx \ in. finely silky ; teeth lanceolate- 
acuminate. Corolla twice the calyx. Pod twice the calyx, linear, finely silky. 

3. G. xnultiflora, Bunge Enum. PI. Chin. 18 ; stemless, leaflets 11-13- 
ohlong densely silky, flowers 3-6, calyx-teeth as long as the tube. 

West HniALATA, Boyle, the exact station not known. Distrib. China. 

Bosettes of leaves and peduncles densely crowded at the surface on a slender woody 
rhizome, icq/'-rachis 2-4 in., including the distinct petiole, densely pubescent ; 
leaflets \—^ in., obtuse, soft, not rigid. Peduncle equalling or overtopping the leaves ; 
bracts linear, exceeding the very short pedicels. Calyx \ in. ; teeth linear-lanceo- 
late. Corolla violet or yellow, twice the calyx. Pod twice the calyx, linear, straight, 
densely pubescent. 

26. ASTRACAZiVS, Linn. 

Herbs or undershrubs with pinnate leaves, the leaf-rachis terminating either 
in a leaflet or a spine. Calyx tubular or campanulate, equal or gibbous on the 
back ; teeth 6, subequal. Corolla usually distinctly exserted ; petals subequal 
or wings and keel shorter than the standard, the keel incurved, obtuse. Stameris 
diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile or stalked, many-ovuled ; style 
incurved, stigma capitate. Pod linear or oblong, usually turgid, continuous 
within or more or less completely longitudinally 2-celled from the introversion 
of the inferior suture. — Dis'miB. Belts the world in the north-temperate zone, 
the head quarters being Western and Central Asia. Monographed in the llth 
volume of the 7th series of the Memoirs of the Imperial Academy of St. 
Petersburg, by Bimge, who estimates the munber of species at 1150-1200. 

SiTBGEK. 1. Tricliostylus, Baker. A herbaceous perennial, with basifixed 
hairs, the style bearded down the inner face below the stigma, as in Phaseolus, 

1. A. Keydel, Baker, 

"West Tibetan Himalayas, alpine region, alt. 15-16,000 ft., Strachey. By the 
"Tso-kar sea, between Eupschu and Korsog, Heyde. 

Bhizome slender, woody, the whole plant not reaching more than an inch above the 
soil. Leaves \-^ in. long ; leaflets 17-19, oblong, crowded, complicate, persistently 
argenteo-canescent, fleshy ; stipules small, deltoid, fleshy, spreading. Peduncles \-^ in. 
Flowers 2-4 in a close umbellate head ; bracts and pedicels minute. Calyx ^ in., 
densely argenteo-canescent ; teeth lanceolate-deltoid, rathfer shorter than the campanu- 
late tube. Corolla more than twice the calyx, rose-red with the tip deeper ; petals 
subequal ; limb of standard round, reflexed, deeply emarginate. Pod \ in, long, oblong, 
membranous, much inflated, short-stalked, glabrous, 1 -celled, many-seeded. 

SrsGEN. 2. Pogronopbace, Bunge. A group of various habit, with 
basifixed hairs, differing from all the rest by its penicillate stigma. 



I 



Astragalus.'] l. leguminos-E. (J. G. Baker.) 119 

• Annuals with slender trailing etems and sessile pods (liabit of Subgeiu 
Trimeniaeus). 

2. A. axnlierstlaiiiis, Benth. in Royle III. 199; corolla scarcely ex- 
ceeding the calyx, pod 10-12-8eeded with the valves but little inliexed, Bunge 
Mon. i. 6, ii. 3. 

West Himalayas, temperate region, alt. 6-10,000 ft. ; Kistwae, Kttnawah, 
Chamba, St mt. a — DisTRiB. Afghanistan. 

Stems densely caspitose, diffuse, J-l ft., clothe(i with dense adpressed -whitish hairs, 
iearea short-petioled, 1-li in. ; leaflets 13-17, narrow, oblong, obtuse, |-f in. long, 
densely clothed with thick adpressed white hairs ; stipules minute, lanceolate. Flowers 
4-10, in close distinctly-peduncled racemes; pedicels very short; bracts minute, seta- 
ceous. Calyx i-i in., shaggy with hairs like those of the leaves ; teeth setaceous, as 
long as the tube. Corolla primrose -yellow. Fod linear, turgid, f-^ in. long, much 
recurved, rostrate, thinly pubescent. 

3. A. subumbellatUB, Klotzschin Reise Pr. Wald. Bat. 159, t. 3; 
corolla more than twice as long as the calyx, pod 20-24-seeded with the 
sutures much inflexed. A. hippocrepidis, Benth. MSS. ; Bunge Mon. i. 5, ii. 3 j 
Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 231. A. Scorpiurus, Bunge Mon. loc. cit, A. humifusus, 
Jacquem. MSS. 

Punjab, Hazara, Kashmir, tropical and temperate regions, ascending to 
6-7000 ft.^ — DiSTRiB. Beloochistan, Afghanistan. 

Ste-nis \-\ ft., diffuse, branch^, clothed with short deciduous ascending white 
hairs. Leaves 1-2 in. ; leaflets 13-21, distant, oblong, glaucous, |— | in., thinly or 
densely pilose or nearly glabrescent ; stipules jninute, lanceolate, cuspidate. Racemes 
distinctly peduncled, 6-10-flowered, lax or close; pedicels very short ; bracts setaceous, 
very minute. Calyx ^ in., thinly pubescent ; teeth setaceous, as long as the tube. Co- 
rolla f in., yellow tinged with rose-purple ; blade of wings lanceolate, shorter than 
the standard and keel. Pod ^-^ in., cylindrical, much recurved, shortly pubescent, 
almost completely bilocular. 

** Perennials with slender cesspitose trailing stems and stalked pods (habit 
of Subgen. Hypoglottis). 

4. A. pycnorhlzus, Wall, Cat 6927 ; glabrous, flowers 1-2, calyx- 
teeth lanceolate nearly as long as the tube, wings shorter than the keel. Benth. 
in Boyle III. 199 ; Bunge Man. i. 4, ii. 1. Sphserophysa pycnorhiza, Benth. Gen. 
Plant, i. 604. 

NiPAL, Wallich. Sikkim, alt. 6-12,000 ft., EooJc.fil. 

Root woody, fusiform. Stems wiry, ~\ ft. Leaves an inch or more long ; leaflets 
close, 11-13, green, obovate-oblong, truncate-emarginate, \ in. long, clothed with 
only a feAV very short obscure hairs ; stipules free, minute, membranous, deltoid. Pe- 
duncles equalling or exceeding the leaves, clothed with short mixed black and white 
hairs ; pedicels very short ; bracts membranous, lanceolate. Cnh/x ^ in., gibbous, clothed 
with minute pubescence like that of the peduncle. Corolla h-^ in., purplish ; limb of 
standard round, \ in. broad ; wings half as broad as the depth of the keel. Pod ^-| in. 
long, glabrous, inflated, 12-16-seeded, the suture not inflexed ; stalk much shorter 
than the calyx. 

5. A. Donlanus, DC. Prodr. ii. 283; slightly pubescent, flowers few, 
wings as long as the keel, calyx-teeth half as long as the tube. Bunge Mon. 
i. 4, ii. 1. A. macrorhizus, I)on Prod. 246, nan Cav. 

NiPAL, Wallich. 

Plant prostrate, beset with a few scattered adpressed hairs. Leaves with 8-10- 
pairs of oval alternate mucronulate leaflets, which are pubescent beneath, but when 



120 L. LKQUMINOSJ:. (J.G.Baker.) [Asiragal/us^ 

.young silky ; stipules connate. Peduncles twice as long as the leaves. Calt/x i in. long. 
Corolla purple ; standard | in. long, blade broad. Pod silky, subulate, 20-seedecl. 
Described from DC. and Bunge loc, cit. — No specimen seen. 

6. A. kongrenslB, JBenth. MSS. ; green, finely silky, flowers in a dense 
head, wings shorter than the keel, calyx clothed with adpressed silky hairs, 
teeth lanceolate much shorter than the tube. 

Sikkim; Kongra Lama, alt. 15,000 ft.. Hook. fil. 

Subacaulescent, with a slender rhizome, creeping below the surface. Leaves dis- 
tinctly petioled, 2-3 in. long ; leaflets 15-17, roundish-oblong, obtuse, not complicate, 
pale green, thinly coated with short white hairs ; stipules \-^ in., ovate, obtuse, per- 
sistent, slightly silky. Flowers 5-6, ascending or cernuous, in a dense head ; peduncles 
1^-2 in., erect, clothed with adpressed black hairs ; pedicels very short, densely black- 
silky; bracts linear, not very smalL Oalyx ^ in. Corolla twice the calyx, deep 
purple ; keel as long as the standard. Ovary densely silky, multiowdate, with a stalk 
nearly as long as the calyx-tube. 

7. A . trlbulifollus, Benth. MSS. ; glaucous, densely tomentose, leaflets 
crowded, flowers few in a dense head, calyx-teeth subulate as long as the tube, 
■wings much shorter than the keel. Bunge Mon. i. 4, ii. 2. 

Westeen Tibet, alpine region ; valley below Hanle Rupchu, alt. 14,500 ft. ; Thom," 
son, Heyde. 

Rootstock long, woody, fusiform. Stems and thick glaucous leaves densely clothed 
-with short spreading white hairs. Leaves 1-2 in. long; leaflets crowded, 17-21, 
oblong, i-| in. long ; stipules minute, deltoid, leaf-like, free. Peduncles 1-2 in., 
the short pubescence growing black upwards ; pedicels very short ; bracts subulate, 
conspicuous, persistent. Calyx \ in., densely clothed with short black pubescence. 
Corolla purplish, half as long again as the calyx ; standard \ in. broad. Ovary silky, 
distinctly stalked ; ovules about 20. Pod not seen. 

8. A. Kendersonl, Baker-, glaucous, densely tomentose, leaflets 
crowded, flowers 1-2 together, calyx-teeth lanceolate shorter than the tube. 

Tibet; upper part of the Karakash valley. Dr. Henderson. 

Closely allied to the last, the thick glaucous crowded leaflets clothed with dense 
white hairs, the whole plant in the single specimen gathered not, more than a 
couple" of inches high. Leaves —^ in. long; leaflets 13-17, obovate-oblong, obtuse, 
folded together. Peduncles short, clothed with short white pubescence. Calyx ^ in., 
matted with mixed black and white hairs. Corolla seen in bud only. Pod oblong, the 
same size and shape, and as much inflated as in A. pycnorhizics, membranous,, with a few 
short adpressed hairs and a short stalk; sutures scarcely at all intruded; seeds 
about 20. 

*** Tall perennials with almost woody steins, lax Jloioers, and long-stalked 
few-seeded pods (habit of Subgen. Phaca). 

9. A. Falconerl, Bunge Mm,, i. 4 ; ii. 2 ; densely pubescent, stipules 
"broad foliaceous, leaflets 13-17, pod tiu-gid glabrescent. A. acutiflorus, Benth, 
MSS. 

"West Tibet, Falconer ; Hazaha, Winterbottom. 

Stems flexuous, old glabrescent, young clothed with short spreading white pubes- 
cence. Leaves 1-1^ in. long; leaflets close, glaucous, obtuse, oblanceolate-oblong, 
^— ^ in. long. Racemes few-flowered, long-peduncled ; pedicels shorter than the calyx, 
iowny. Calyx ^ it*., gibbous, nearly glabrous ; teeth very short. Corolla lilac, ^ in. ; 
wings lanceolate, acute, as long as the keel. Pod ^— | in. long, narrowed to both ends, 
4-6-8eeded ; stalk twice the calyx ; inflexed suture reaching all through in the lower 
part, not in the upper. 



Astragalus.'] l. LEGUMmosiE. (J. G. Baker.) 121 

10. A. adesmlaBfolluB, Benth. MSS.-, glabrous, stipules large foliace- 
ous, leaflets very numerous, pod flat glabrous. Bunge Mon. i. 4 ; ii. 2. Phaca 
Hoifineisteri, Klotzsch Reise Fr. Wald. Bot. 159, t. 2. 

West Tibetan Ilimalayas, alt. 8-12,000 ft.; Dras, Zanskah, Piti, Ladak, 

NUBRA. 

Branches zigzag, glabrous, terete, woody, reaching several feet in height. Leaves 2-6 
in. long ; leaflets 25-41, green, obovate, emarginate, rather fleshy, lower ^-\ in. long, 
upper growing gradually smaller ; stipules persistent, obliquely corilate-ovate. Ra- 
eemes very lax, ^-1 ft. ; pedicels very short ; bracts minute, linear. Calyx ^ in., ob- 
lique, tubuloso-campanulate, glabrous ; teeth minute, deltoid. Corolla lilac, | in., the 
petals subequal in length ; limb of wing lanceolate, acute. Pod oblong, f-^ in., nar- 
rowed to both ends, 4-8-seeded ; lower suture hardly at all inflexed ; stallt more than 
twice the calyx. 

11. A. trichooarpus, Grah. in Wall Cat. 6926 ; obscurely silky, sti- 
pules minute, leaflets very numerous, pod turgid finely downy. Bunge Mon^ 
1. 4 ; ii. 2. A. sesbanioides, Benth. in Boyle III. 199 ; Bunge loc. cit. 

Central Himalayas, temperate region, alt. 5-8000 ft. ; Simla, Gurwhal, Ktjmaon" 
Erect, suffruticose, reaching several feet high, the branches straight, virgate, much 
furrowed. Leaves subsessile, 2-4 in; leaflets 31-41, oblong, ^-| in. long, subobtuse, 
pale green, clothed with minute silvery hairs. Racemes very copious, distinctly pe- 
duncled, erecto-patent, 2-4 in. long, with very numerous flowers; pedicels short, 
cernuous, clothed with dense short mixed black and white hairs ; bracts linear, minute. 
Calyx glabrous, campanulate, oblique, — in. ; teeth deltoid. Corolla lilac, 4-5 times 
the calyx ; limb of standard round ; wings lanceolate, shorter than the keel. Fod f-J 
in, long, oblong, completely 2-celled, 4-6-seeded ; stalk much exceeding the calyx. 

Stjbgen. 3. TrlxnenlaBUS, Bunge. Annual weeds vsdth basifixed hairs, 
small yellow flowers in usually dense heads, and glabrous stigmas. 

12. A. prolixus, Sieher PI. ^gypt. Exsic. ; heads dense peduncled, leaflets 
11-17 oblong obtuse, pod short straight linear-oblong 6-8-seeded nearly 
bilocular. Bunge Mon. i. 9; ii. 6; Boiss. Ft. Onent. ii. 223. A. arabicus, 
Ehrhenb. ; Bunge Mon. loc. cit. ; Boi^s. loc. cit. Phaca Vogelii, Webb in Hook. 
Nigr. El. 123, t. 8. 

Plains of Scinde and Punjab. — Distrib. Cape Yerde islands ; through Egypt to 
Arabia. 

Stems very slender, J— 1 ft., densely clothed upwards with adpressed white hairs. 
Leaves distinctly petioled, ^-1^ in. long ; leaflets distant, glaucous, ^—^ in., clothed with 
fine adpressed white hairs; stipules minute, lanceolate, free. Heads 6-12-flowered ; 
peduncles rarely as long as the leaves. Calyx under ~ in., densely matted ; teeth 
linear-setaceous, nearly as long as the tube. Corolla little exserted. Fod sessile, 
turgid, ^— I in. long, densely pubescent. 

13. A. Altchlsoni, Baker; heads very lax short-peduncled, leaflets ob- 
long emarginate, pod very long and slender straight or slightly recurved 
JBlightly torulose unilocular 16-2Q-8eeded. 

PrxjAB, Salt range, Aitchison. 

Stem suberect, ^ ft., slender, thinly white-canescent. Leaves distinctly petioled, 
li-2^ in. long; leaflets distant. 17-25, alternate, \ in. long, grey-green, thinly 
coated with adpressed short white hairs ; stipules minute, deltoid. Racemes 4-6- 
flowered; pedicels very short; bracts minute. Calyx ^ in, cimpanulate, thinly 
"white-silky ; teeth linear or lanceolate, nearly as long as the tube. Corolla ivficB 
the calyx, white with a purple tip ; standard longer than the wings and keel. Pod 
\\ in. long, under ^ in. thick, thinly white-canescent at first ; dissepiment not at all 
incurved ; seeds distant, very small. 



122 L. LEGUMIN0S5J. (J. G. Baker.) lAstragaltit, 

14. A. opblooarpus, Bmth. MSS. ; heads lax nearly sessile, leaflets. 
oUong emarginate, pod very long and slender sickle-shaped slightly torulosd 
unilocular 10-12-seeded. Bunge Mmi. i. 10 ; ii. 6 ; JBoiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 224. 

Ladak, alt. 11,000 ft., Thomson. — Distbib. Persia. 

Stems slender, diflFuse, ^^ ft., densely finely white-downy. Leaves distinctly petioled, 
•|— 1 in. long; leaflets moderately close and thick, distinctly notched at the apex, 
matted on both sides with short white hairs ; stipules lanceolate, very minute. 
Racemes 3-6-flawered; pedicels and bracts minute. Calyx under ^ in., densely 
matted ; teeth lanceolate, shorter than the tube. Corolla nearly twice the calyx, its 
petals subequal in length. Fod 1-1 ^ in. long, thick, finely downy, the dissepiment 
not at all inciirved, the oblong seeds with a space corresponding to the slight con- 
strictions of the pod between them. 

15. A. tribuloldes, Belile; DC. Prodr. ii. 288; heads dense sessile, 
leaflets 13-15 oblong-lanceolate acute, pod short linear-oblong densely pubescent 
little recurved 10-12-seeded subbilocular. Bunge Man. i. 10 ; ii. 7 ; Bom. Fl, 
Orient, ii. 224. A. minutus, erpocaulis and ammocrftetos, Boiss. Diagn. ix. 
68-9. 

Plains of Punjab. — Distrib. Canaries, through Egypt to Afghanistan. 

Stems slender, densely caespitose, trailing, \-\ ft., densely clothed upwards with 
ascending white hairs. Leaves distinctly petioled, 1-2| in. long ; leaflets mostly close, 
densely clothed with long white hairs on both sides ; stipules minute. Heads 6-10- 
flowered. Calyx tubular, ^-^ in., densely matted ; teeth setaceous, shorter than the 
tube. Corolla pale yellow, little exserted. Pods | in. long, turgid, densely pubescent, 
the cluster often spreading from the stem like the spokes of a wheel from the axis. 

16. A. haxnosus, Linn.-, DC. Prodr. ii. 290; heads peduncled dense, 
leaflets 13-25 oblong emarginate^ pod long cylindrical glabrous much recurved 
nearly bilocular 16-18-seeded. SihtJi. ^ Sm. Fl. Grcec. t. 728 ; Bunge Mm. 
i. 13 ; ii. 13 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 238. 

Plains of Punjab at Lahore, Peshawur, &c. — Distbib. Canaries, Mediterranean 
region, Orient. 

More robust and less hairy than the other species, the stems 1-2 ft. long. Leaves 
distinctly petioled, ^-J ft. long ; leaflets distinctly stalked, pale green, ^-f in. long, 
glabrescent above, or thinly matted with silvery hairs on both sides. Heads 6-20- 
flowered ; peduncles much shorter than the leaves. Calyx ^ in., matted with mixed 
black and white hairs ; teeth subulate, as long as the tube. Corolla pale yellow, half 
as long again as the calyx. Pod ^-1 in. long, cylindrical, firmer than in its neigh- 
bours, quite glabrous. 

17. A. gracilipes. Bmth. MSS. ; heads dense peduncled few-flowered, 
leaflets 9-13 oblong obtuse, pod cylindrical pubescent little recurved 10-12- 
seeded half-bilocular. Bunge Mon.'i. 15 ; ii. 17. 

West Tibet; Zanskar and Indus valley, alt. 11-14,000 feet, Thomson. 

Acaulescent, or stems short, suberect, densely clothed with ascending strong white 
hairs. Leaves long-petioled, 1-3 inches long ; leaflets distant, greenish, J[— | in. long, 
densely clothed with liairs like those of the stem ; stipules minute. Heads 3-6- 
flowered; peduncles pilose, 2-4 in. Calyx ^ in., tubular; teeth short, setaceous. 
Corolla pale yellow, twice the calyx ; standard narrowed suddenly into a deltoid tip, 
the wings shorter and keel shorter still. Pod i-| in. long by ^ in., sessile, clothed 
with short dense white bristly hairs. 

18. A. contortfxplicatus, Zmw.; DC. Prodr. ii. 290 ; heads dense short- 
peduncled, leaflets 13-17 oblanceolate-oblong emarginate, pod cylindrical downy 
very much recurved nearly bilocular 20-30-seeded. Bunge Man. i. 18 ; ii. 20; 
Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 230. 



Astragalm.'] L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 123 

Plains of Punjab and Scinde. — Distrib. East Europe, Orient, West Siberia. 

Stems siiberect, ^H ft., densely clothed -with short soft spreading white hairs. 
Leaves distinctly petioled, 3-4 inches long ; leaflets -^-^ in., distant, greenish, thin at 
first, densely pilose on both sides ; stipules lanceolate, free, larger than in all the pre- 
ceding. Heads very dense, many-flowered, on pilose peduncles much shorter than the 
leaves. Calyx ^ in., densely pilose ; teeth setaceous, plumose, exceeding the tube. 
Corolla little exserted, the lanceolate acute wings sliorter than the standard and keel. 
Pod ^ in. long, sausage -shaped, membranous, rugose, completely conduplicate. 

SrBGEN. 4. Podolotus, Royle. A caulescent perennial, with a few 
otsciire basifixed hairs and naked stigma, differing from all the other groups by 
the endocarp of the unilocular pod separating as a thin membrane and produced 
into septa between the seeds. 

19. A. bosackioides, Bmth. Gen. i. p. 507. Podolotus hosackioides 
Rayle III 198. 

KuMAox and Gurwhal, temperate region. 

Stevis slender, glabrous, zigzag, densely caespitose, 1^-1 i- ft. Leaves short-petioled, 
1-1^ in. ; leaflets 13-15, green, glabrous, oblong, obtuse, j|-f in. ; stipules minute, 
deltoid. Peduncles equalling or exceeding the leaves, 1-2-flowered. Calyx ^ in., 
glabrous ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla yellow, twice the calyx ; petals equal in 
length, wings and keel abruptly incurved. Pod linear, turgid, straight, ^-| in. long, 
5-6-seeded, with a stalk as long as the calyx. 

Stjbgen. 5. Kypog'lottls. Herbaceous perennials, with basifixed hairs, 
flowers in dense mostly peduncled capitate heads, and naked stigmas. 

* Heads sessile or peduncled. Flowers lilac or purple. 

20. A. confertus, Smth. MSS. ; stems very dwarf densely caespitose 
thinly clothed with adpressed' white hairs, leaflets 11-13, calyx clothed with 
adpressed black hairs, teeth linear shorter than the tube, pod stalked unilocular 
few-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 23 ; ii. 27. 

"West Tibet, alpine region; Pangong and Parang valley, alt. 15-17,500 ft., 
Thomson, Henderson. 

BhizoTue woody, fusiform, the whole plant not more than 1-3 inches high above 
the soil. Leaves \-^ in. long ; leaflets silvery, thick, dose, complicate, oblong, densely 
canescent, ^^ in. or less long ; stipules small, lanceolate. Heads 6-8-flowered ; 
peduncle l-l"^ in., mostly subradical, clothed with adpressed black and white silky 
hairs ; pedicels and bracts very small. Calyx ^ in., the tube campanulate. Corolla 
twice the calyx ; keel and wings subequal, rather shorter than the standard. Ovary 
silky, not seen fully developed. 

21. A. rig-iduluB, Bmth. MSS.; stems very short glabrous, leaflets 
17-21, calyx clothed with adpressed black silky hairs, teeth lanceolate as 
long as the tube, pod oblong turgid sessile unilocular 6-8-seeded. Bunge Mon. 
i. 23 ; ii. 25. 

SiKKTM, alpine region; Tungxi, alt. 13,000 ft., Hook.fd. 

Bhizome slender, much branched below the surface, the whole plant closely 
resembling A. alpinus in habit, not more than 3-4 inches high above the soil. Leaves 
distinctly petioled, 1-1^ in. ; leaflets green, linear-oblong, obtuse, ~-^ in, long, thinly 
coated with adpressed white hairs ; stipules ^ in. deltoid, membranous. Heads 6-10- 
flowered ; peduncles and pedicels both very short. Calyx under ^ in. Corolla twice 
the calyx ; limb of standard oblong, exceeding the wings and keel. Pod glabrous, 
oblong, membranous, ^ in. long. 

22. A. alpinus, Linn. Sp. 1070 ? ; stems short slender clothed with ad- 
pressed white silky hairs, leaflets 11-13, calyx clothed with adpressed mixed 

VOL. u. K 



124 L. LEGUMiNOS-s;. (J. G. Baker.) lAstragctUu. 

l)lack and white silky Hairs, teeth setaceous as long as the tube, ovary stalked 
glahrous few-ovuled. Phaca astragalina, DC. Prodr. ii. 274 ? 

West Tibet ; BurgU pass, Winterbottom. — Disteeb. Alpine region through north 
temperate zone. 

Stems 3-4 in. high, simple, ascending. Leaves about an inch long ; leaflets oblong, 
.acute, pale green, thinly coated with close silvery hairs on both sides ; stipules deltoid, 
foliaceous, rather large. Peduncles 1-1^ in., thinly silky. Heads 3 -6 -flowered ; 
bracts linear, exceeding the short pedicels. Calyx ^ in. Corolla twice the calyx ; 
-wings shorter than the standard and keel. Fod not seen. — The Sikkim plant re- 
ferred here by Bunge is our A. kongrensis. 

23. A. tibetanus, Benth. MSS. ; stems slender short ascending thinly 
clothed with adpressed mixed black and white hairs, leaflets 21-25, calj'x-teeth 
densely black-silky setaceous a third as long as the tube, pod linear stalked 
bilocular 6-10-seeded. Bunge Man. i. 52 ; ii. 85 ; Baiss. FL Orient, ii. 250. 
A. Maxwellii, Royle III. 198 ? 

West Tibet, temperate and alpine region, alt. 9-14,000 ft. ; Dbas, Zanskae, 
NuBRA, Ladak, Thomson, Henderson. — Distrib. Afghanistan. 

G-eneral habit of A. Hyfoglottis, to which it is closely allied. Stems zigzag, firm, 
slender, branched, \-\ ft. Leaves 2-4 in. long, distinctly petioled ; leaflets oblong, 
obtuse, moderately close, pale green, thinly canescent at first, glabrescent above when 
matiu-e ; stipules small, lanceolate or deltoid, free. Heads subglobose, 10-20-fiowered ; 
peduncles 1-4 in., the black hairs predominating upwards ; bracts lanceolate, much 
exceeding the short black pedicels. Calyx | in., the teeth densely, the tube thinly 
black-silky. Corolla twice the calyx ; wings shorter than the standard ; keel stiU. 
shorter. Pod ^— | in., rather recurved, finely black-silky ; stalk shorter than the 
calyx-tube. 

24. A . hypog'lottoides, Baher ; stems slender short ascending thinly 
•clothed with adpressed white hairs, leaflets 17-19, calyx densely coated with 
mixed black and white silky hairs, teeth linear a third as long as the tube, ovary 
stalked 8-10-ovulate. 

Tibetan Himalayas, the exact station not known, Br. Henderson. 

Closely allied to the last, with which it agrees in general habit. Leaves 1-1^ in. 
long; leaflets oblong, obtuse, pale grey green, persistently coated on both sides with 
adpressed silvery hairs ; stipules foliaceous, connate in lower half. Flowers 12-20, in 
a dense head, not more than half the size of those of A. Hypoglottis and tibetanus ; 
peduncles 1^-2 in. long, with a few black hairs mixed with the white ones upwards. 
Calyx i-i in. Corolla deep purple, f in., the proportion of the petals as in the last. 
Developed pod unknown. 

25. A. lessertioideb, Benth. MSS.', stems short firm erect glabrous, 
leaflets 9-11, calyx-teeth linear densely black-silky half as long as the 
nearly naked tube, pod stalked silky unilocular 3-4-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 24 ; 
ii. 2S. 

Sikkim, alpine region ; Tungu, alt. 13,000 ft.. Hook. fil. 

"Whole plant under a foot high. Leaves 1-2 in. long ; leaflets green, oblong, obtuse, 
^-^ in. long, with a few black hairs ; stipules foliaceous, lanceolate, \-^ in. long, 
ciliated at first with black hairs ; petiole twice as long as the stipules. Heads 
12-20-flowered. Pedicels very short; peduncles erect \-^ ft., with a few adpressed 
black hairs in the upper half; bracts minute, shaggy with black hairs. Calyx \-^ in., 
tube campanulate, nearly naked; teeth black-plumose. Corolla ^ in., petals sub- 
equal. Pod ^ in. densely silky, narrowed from the middle to both ends ; stalk as 
long as the calyx-tube. 

26. A. strlctUB, Orah. in Wall Cat, 5924 ; stems short slender ascending 



Astragalus.'] L. leguminos^. (J. O. Baker.) 125 

clothed with adpressed white silky hairs, leaflets 19-25, calyx clothed with 
adpressed mixed black and white hairs, teeth linear shorter than the tube 
pod stalked linear-oblong unilocular 6-8-seeded. Benth. in Royle III. 198 • 
Bunge Man. i. 23 ; ii. 27. A. mutabilis, Jacqiiem. MSS. 

Through the Himalayas in the alpine region, alt. 11-16,000 ft., from Xubea and 
Ladak to SiKKiM and Silhet. 

Stems densely caespitose, firm but slender, branched, \-\ ft. long. Leaves short- 
petioled, 1-1^ in. long; leaflets close, oblong, obtuse, \-'^ in. long, pale green, persistently 
coated with adpressed white hairs ; stipules small, deltoid, free, foliaceous. Heads very 
dense, 20-40-flowered ; peduncles 2-4 in., with a few black hair.s mixed with the 
silvery ones near the top; pedicels black, shorter than the minute bracts. Calyx 
I in. Corolla twice the calyx ; wings and keel shorter than the standard. Pod \ in. 
long, short-stalked, rather recurved, clothed like the calyx. 

27. A. oxyodon, Baker-, stems short slender ascending clothed with 
adpressed white silky hairs, leaflets 15-17, calyx clothed with adpressed mixed 
black and white hairs, teeth setaceous twice as long as the tube, ovar\' stalked 
5-6-0 vulate. 

West Tibet, Falconer. 

General habit of A. strictus. Stems densely caespitose, ^\ foot high. Leaves 
1-1^ in. long ; leaflets oblong, obtuse or subacute, densely wh'ite-strigillose on the 
back, thinly on the face, alternate, the lower distant ; stipules moderately large, con- 
nate, silky on the back. Peduncles 2-3 in., very slender, densely clothed with 
adpressed mixed black and white hairs; pedicels black, very short; bracts ^ I 
in., lanceolate, membranous. Calyx ^ in. ; tube campanulate ; teeth much longer 
in proportion than in any of its allies. Corolla ^ in.; keel and standard equal; 
wings much shorter. Mature jpod not seen ; ovary thinly silky. 

2?. A. densifiorus, Kar. ^ Kir. Enum. PI. Song. No. 245; stems elong- 
ated firm glabrous, leaflets 11-13, calyx minute clothed with mixed black and 
white hairs, teeth lanceolate short, pod globose sessile minute unilocular 1-2- 
seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 21 ; ii. 22. 

West Himalayas, alpine region, alt. 12-17,000 ft.; Lahul, Sa.ssar, Zansilah,. 
Ladak, Kunawar. — Distrib. Afghanistan, Central Siberia. 

Stems densely caespitose, rigid, erect, ^1 ft. long. Leaves 1-2 in. long; leaflets 
thick, oblong, glaucous, obtuse, \-^ in. long, obscurely white-strigillose on both sides ; 
stipules small, deltoid, foliaceous, free. Peduncles 1-4 in., with a few black and white 
hairs in the upper half; bracts minute, linear, black, ciliated, exceeding the very short 
black pedicels. Calyx ^-^ in., campanulate ; teeth shorter than the tube. Corolla 
lilac, three times as long as the calyx ; keel and wings much shorter than the standard. 
Pod rugose, silky, ^ in. long, turgid, membranous. 

29. A. melanostacliyB, Benth. MSS. ; stems elongated firm glabrous, 
leaflets 13-15, calyx clothed with black sillty hairs, teeth as long as the tube 
pod oblong sessile half-bilocular 2-8eeded. Bunge Mon. i. 21 ; ii. 22. A. brac- 
teosus, Klotzsch Reise Pr. Wald. Bot. 160, t. 5, non Boiss. 

West Himalayas, alpine region, alt. 10-15,000 ft.; Kashmir, Lahitl, Tibet. 

Stems 1^—2 ft. high, moderately stout. Leaves distinctly petioled, 1-3 in. long- 
leaflets oblong, glaucous-green, obtuse or emarginate, ^-f in. long, nearly naked ; 
stipules i-^ in., free, foliaceous, deltoid-cuspidate. Heads dense, 1-3 in. long • 
peduncles 2-6 in. long, clothed with short spreading mixed black and white hairs, 
dense at the base of the head ; bracts ^-| in., lanceolate, foliaceous, persistent. Calyx 
^-~ in. nearly sessile. Corolla narrow, half as long again as the calyx ; keel and 
wings shorter than the standard. Pod included in the calyx, ^ in. long, clothed with 
fine black silky hairs. 



X26 l>- LEGiiMiNOSJ]. (J. Gr. Baker.) \^Astragalu8» 

30. A. bbotanensls, Baker-, stems firm elongated glabrous, leaflets 
•21-25, calyx glabrous, teeth short linear, pod cylindrical sessile many-seeded 
half-bilocular. 

Bhotan, temperate region ; grassy banks at Panga, 7000 ft., Griffith. 

Stems 1-2 feet high, slender glabrous, terete, with distant nodes and ascending 
branches. Leaves 2-4 in. long ; leaflets oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse, ^-f in. long, green 
and glabrescent above, clothed with a few obscure adpressed hairs below; stipules 
free, lanceolate, f-^ in. Flowers 12-20, in very dense heads ; peduncles 2-5 in. long, 
with only a few obscure adpressed white hairs at the top ; bracts lanceolate, glabrous, 
i-| in. Cali/x nearly sessile, | in. long, tubiilar { teeth a third as long as the tube. 
Corolla twice the calyx, colour uncertain ; wings rather shorter than the keel and the 
latter than the standard. Fod firm, turgid, straight, ^-| in. long ; seeds about 20. 

31. A. inconspicuus, Baker; stems short filiform trailing subglabrous, 
leaflets 15-17, calyx-tube with a few adpressed black hairs, teeth minute 
lanceolate or setaceous, pod stalked unilocular 10-12-seeded. 

KuMAON ; banks of the Ralam river, alt. 9000 ft., Strachcy and Winterbottom. 

Habit of a small Vicia. Leaves 1-H in. long; leaflets opposite, oblong, obtuse, 
i in, long, green, glabrescent when mature, thinly silky at first ; stipules minute, 
lanceolate. Flowers 3-4 together, on a short peduncle clothed with ascending grey 
silky hairs ; pedicels distinct, but shorter than the minute deltoid bracts. Calyx \ in., 
tubuloso-campanulate, nearly naked. Corolla scarcely twice the colyx, the petals 
equal in length. Pod not seen mature. 

32. A. tenuicaulls, Benth. MSS. ; stems elongated subglabrous very 
weak and slender, leaflets 13-15, calyx thinly clothed with short black hairs, 
teeth not more than ^-^ as long as the tube, pod oblong sessile unilocular 
4-6-seeded. Bunge Mon, i. 23 ; ii. 28. 

SiKKiM and East Nipal, temperate region, alt. 7-9000 ft.. Hook. fil. 

Stems straggling, branched, a foot or more long. Leaves 1-1^ in. ; leaflets oblong, 
obtuse, opposite, thin, glaucous green, finely downy ; stipules free, minute. Heads 4-8- 
flowered, not very dense ; peduncles an inch or less long, finely downy ; bracts 
lanceolate or deltoid, minute. Calyx \ in., tubuloso-campanulate. Corolla \ in. ; 
standard slightly exceeding the keel and wings. Pod \ in. turgid, membranous, ob- 
scurely downy. — General habit of an Ervum. 

33. A. sikkimensis, Benth. MSS.j stems elongated slender weak 
nearly glabrous, leaflets 19-21, calyx clothed with adpressed black hairs, teeth 
half as long as the tube, pod small oblong stalked unilocular 2-3-seeded. Bunge 
Mon. i. 23 ; ii. 28. 

SiKKiM and East Nipal, alt. 8-12,000 ft., Hook. fil. 

Stems 1-2 feet, erect, very slender, with distant nodes clothed only with a little 
minute adpressed white pubescence. Leaves l|-2 in. long; leaflets oblong, obtuse or 
emarginate, clothed when young with adpressed white silky hairs, green and glabres- 
cent above when mature ; stipules minute, lanceolate, falcate. Peduncles sliort, clothed 
with copious adpressed black hairs; flowers 20-30 in an oblong head; pedicels 
black, very short ; bracts deltoid, minute. Calyx \ in. tubuloso-campanulate. Corolla 
twice the calyx ; standard slightly exceeding the keel and wings. Pod \-^ in. long, 
membranous, turgid, densely black-silky ; stalk as long as the calyx-tube. 

34. A . liimalayanus, Klotzsch Reise Pr. Wold. Bot. 160, t. 4 ; stems 
elongated slender weak nearly glabrous, leaflets 21-25, calyx clothed with minute 
adpressed black and white hairs, teeth half as long as the tube, pod linear- 
oblong stalked subunilocular 5-6-seeded. A. carinalis, Benth. MSS. ; Bunge 
Mon. i. 23 •, ii. 28. Phaca longicaulis and cachemerica, Benth. MSS. 



Astragalus.'] l. leguminosje. (J. G. Baker.) 127 

"West Himalayas, temperate and alpine region, alt. 5-13,000 ft. ; Lahul, Kulxj, 

KUNAWAR, KaSHMIH, GaRWHAL, 

Stems very slender, l-2foet long, with distant internodes, clothed when young with 
a few minute adpressed white hairs. Leaves l|-2 in. long; leaflets thin, oblong, 
obtuse or emarginate, ^-i in. long, pale green, with a few short adpressed white hairs; 
stipules miniite, lanceolate, spreading. Peduncles shorter than the leaves, clothed with 
mixed black and wliite hairs ; pedicels ^^ in. ; bracts very minute. Calt/x ^^ in., 
campanulate. Corolla 1-| in., keel slightly exceeding the wings, falling short of the 
standard. Pod |— ^ in. long, membranous, finely black-silky ; stalk exceeding 
the calyx.— A specimen gathered by Strachoy and Winterbottom at the Melani 
glacier in Kumaon has setaceous calyx-teeth, iwice as long as the campanulate tube, 
and will probably prove a new species between A. himalayanus and Maddenianu,s. 

35. A. ZHaddenianus, Benth. MSS.; stems elongated slender weak 
clothed at first with short spreading black and white hairs, leaflets 19-21, calyx 
clothed with minute adpressed black and white hairs, teeth setaceous as long as 
the tube, pod atalked unilocular 3-4-seeded. 

Kumaon; temperate region, alt. 10-11,000 ft.. Madden, Edgeworth. 

General habit exactly as in A. himalayanus, but the young brandies densely beset 
with short spreading black and white bristly hairs. Leaves li-2 in. long ; leaflets 
oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse, densely clothed at first on both sides with adpressed 
silvery hairs; stipules minute,, spreading. Heads few-flowered; peduncle ^l in., 
clothed like the branches ; bracts linear, exceeding the short black pedicels." Calyx 
^-^ in. Corolla \ in. ; wings much shorter than standard and keel. Pod | in. 
long, membranous, densely white-silky, narrowed to both ends ; stalk exceeding 
the calyx. 

** Heads peduncled. Floicers yelloiu. 

36. A. cashmirensis, Bumfe Mon. i. 30 ; ii. 34 ; stems elongated shaggy 
with long hairs, leaflets 29-33, calyx thinly clothed with long hairs, corolla 
much exserted, pod sessile finely pubescent bilocular G-8-seeded. 

Kashmir, temperate region, alt. 9-10,000 ft., Jacqicemont, Falconer. 

Stems stout, erect or ascending, under a foot high. Leaves distinctly petioled, 3-4 
inches long ; leaflets close, oblong, obtuse or acute, |-^ in. long, dull green, clothed 
densely at first with long fine hairs ; stipules ^ in. long.'free, lanceolate, membranous, 
striated. Heads dense, round; peduncle 1-3 in.; pedicel 3;,-^ in., shaggy; bracts 
linear, plumose, persistent, ^-~ in. long. Calyx 2_^ in. ; teeth linear, shorter than 
the tube. Corolla | in. ; standard exceeding the wings and keel. Pod \ in. long, 
firm in texture, linear- oblong, straight, hollowed down the keel, narrowed into a long 
beak. 

Var. 1. Falconeri, Baker; taller, much less shaggy^ stipules narrower an inch 
long, leaflets 31-34 broad-oblong obtuse. — Kashmir, Falconer. 

37. A. floridus, Benth, MSS. ; stems elongated clothed with minute 
rather spreading black hairs, leaflets 26-31, calyx densely clothed with ad- 
pressed black hairs, pod long-stalked unilocular 4-5-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 24 : 
ii. 28. 

SiKKiM, alpine region ; Tungu, alt. 13,000 ft.. Hook. fit. 

Stems moderately stout, erect, ^-1 ft. Leaves 1^3 in. ; leaflets linear-oblong, 
glaucous, .subacute, §-^ in., thinly clothed with adpressed silvery bristles ; stipxiles 
lanceolate or deltoid, free, |-i in. Heads round or oblong, 12-30-flowered, the lower 
flowers cernuous; peduncle 1-2 in., densely black-silky; pedicels black, ^ in. ; bracts 
linear, minute. Calyx under \ in. ; teeth short, linear. Corolla bright yellow, twice 
the calyx ; petals nearly equal. Pod linear-oblong, ^ in. long, narrowed to both ends, 
densely black-silky ; stalk as long as the calyx-tube. 



128 L- leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) ^Astragalus. 

38. A. leucocepl&alus, Grah. in Wall. Cat, 5923 ; steins short slender 
densely clothed with loose white hairs, leaflets 21-31, calyx shaggy with, 
white hairs, corolla little exserted, pod minute oblong sessile unilocular 3-4- 
seeded. Benth. in Royle III 198, t. 32, fig. 2 ; Bunye Mori. i. 48 ; ii. 76 ; Boiss. 
Fl. Orient, ii. 241. 

West Himalayas, temperate and tropical zone, alt. 1-7,000 ft. ; Punjab, Kashmir, 
Simla, Gurwhal, Kumaon. — Distrib. Afglianistan. 

Stems densely cnespitose, ascending, ~-\ ft., densely persistently tomentose. Leaves 
1-3 in. long ; leaflets close, oblong, glaucous, densely argenteo-canescent, thick, obtuse or 
subacute, ^-^ in. long ; stipules small, foliaceous, connate below the middle. Heads 
small, very dense, oblong; peduncles 2-6 in., densely white-tomentose ; bracts lanceo- 
late, exceeding the buds. Calyx i in. long, subsessile, very sha;jgy ; teeth setaceous, 
as long as the tube. Corolla pale yellow, \ in. ; keel rather shorter than the standard 
and wings. Pod ^ in. long, included in the calyx, finely downy. 

*** Heads few-jiowered^ sessile or nearly so, in the axils of the leaves of an 
elonyated stem ; jloivers yelloiv. 

39. A. XMCunroi, Betith. MSS. ; Bunye Man. 1. 30 ; ii. 35. 

Tibet Himalayas, alpine region ; Pixi, Lahul, Ladak. — Distrib. Kashgar, 
Bellew. 

Rhizome stout, long, woody, fusiform. Stems csespitose, stout, erect, ^J ft., shaggy 
throughout with dense spreading white hairs. Leaves 1^2 in. long; leaflets 19-21- 
oblanceolate, obtuse, |-1 in. long, thinly clothed with loose white hairs ; stipules 
^ in., free, linear, or lanceolate. Calyx short-pedicelled, ^-f in., thinly pubpscent ; teeth 
linear-setaceous, nearly as long as the tube. Corolla '^-~ in., pale yellow ; petals sub- 
equal. Pod oblong, sessile, membranous, much inflated, an inch long, nearly bilocular, 
10-12-seeded. 

SuBGEN. 6. Phaca.* Herbaceous perennials or undershrubs with 
flowers in elong-ated racemes, basi-fixed hairs and naked stigmas. 

* Stipules small. 

40. A. xnacropterus, JDC. Prodr. ii. 283; shrubby, leaflets 13-17 ob- 
lanceolate, calyx-teeth minute, corolla lilac, pod oblong sessile turgid bilocular 
5-6-seeded. Bunye Mon. i. 21 ; ii. 22. A. vicioides, Led. Fl. Alt. 3, 301, t. 286. 
A. distans, Benth. MSS. A. longipes, Xar. and Kir. ; Led. Fl. Boss. i. 618. A. 
puberulus, K. and K. Enum. PI. Alt. Xo. 240. 

Tibetan Himalayas, alpine region, alt. 9-12,000 ft. ; Ladak, Zanskar, &c., Thom- 
son. — Distrib. Western and Central Siberia. 

An erect undershrub, 2-3 ft. high, with nximerous erecto-patent stiff virgate glabrous 
branches. Leaves 2-3 in. long; leaflets distant, thick, pale green, glabrescent, i— ^ in. 
long ; stipules minute, lanceolate, free, spreading, caducous. Racemes very lax, ^-1 ft.. 
long ; peduncles stiif, ascending, ^-1 ft. ; pedicels — in. ; bracts very minute. Calyx 
campanulate, ^ in. long, with a few minute adpressed black hairs ; teeth deltoid- 
cuspidate. Corolla g in. ; keel much shorter than the wings and standard. Pod 
\-^ in. long, glabrous, turgid, narrowed to a beak, nearly straight. 

41. A. chlorostachys, im^/. in Trans. Hort. Soc. vii. 249; shrubby^ 
leaflets 13-17 oblong, calj-x-teeth very short, bracts lanceolate, corolla pale green 
tinged with lilac, pod obiong turgid stalked bilocular 6-10-seeded. Bunye Mon. 
i. 27 ; ii. 32. A. Govanianus, Graji. in Wall. Cat. 5925. A. himalensis, Jac- 
quern. MSS. 

West Himalayas, alpine and temperate region, alt. 5-14,000 ft.; Pangi, Lahtjl, 
Kashmir, Simla, Kumaon, Gubwhal. 

* Name used here in a much mora restricted sense than in Bunge's Monograph. 



Astragalus.'] L. leguminosje. (J. G. Baker.) 129 

An undershrub, several feet high, -with abundant slender branches, pubescent when 
mature, clothed with short spreading hairs aboye. Leaves ^^ ft. long ; leaflets thin, 
oblong, obtuse, ^-f in. long, green, glabrescent above, glaucous, finely white-silky be- 
neath ; stipules lanceolate, free, small, spreading. Racemes close, copious, long- 
peduncled, 2-4 in. long ; pedicels -^ in. long ; bracts lanceolate, scarcely exceeding 
the buds. Calyx tubular, under \ in. long, finely downy, oblique at the mouth, the 
teeth deltoid. Corolla twice the calyx ; petals subequal. Pod turgid, membranous, 
glabrous, ^ in. long, narrowed to both ends ; its stalk twice the calyx. 

42. A. Stewart!!, Baker; slirubby, leaflets 13-15 oblong, calyx-teeth 
half as long- as the tube, bracts long setaceous plumose, corolla pale yellow 
tinged with lilac, pod oblong turgid stalked hilocular 6-8-8eeded. 

Hazara, temperate region, alt. 5-9000 ft., Dr. J. L. Stewart. 

Habit of the last, from which it differs by its leaves persistently and densely 
white-silky, and long setaceous plumose calyx-teeth and bracts, the latter conspicu- 
ously protruded beyond the buds. Stipules \ in., linear-setaceous, spreading, caducous. 
Branches firm, many-ribbed, clothed with copious adpressed short white hairs. Ra- 
cemes 1-4 ft., in the single specimen panicled near the base. Calt/x ^ in. long, includ- 
ing the teeth, densely silky. Pod \-^ in. long, oblong, glabrous, very turgid, fully 
bilocular. 

43. A. loiig'!caizl!s, Baker; shrubby, leaflets 21-25, narrow-oblong, 
calyx-teeth half as long as the tube, bracts long setaceous plumose, corolla pale 
yellow-lilac, pod oblong turgid stalked bilocular 10-12-seeded. 

Kashmir, temperate region, Falconer. 

General habit of the two preceding, to which it is closely allied. Branches with 
only a few adpressed short silky hairs. Leaves 4-6 in. long ; leaflets ^-| in. long, 
finely white-silky, greenish above, glaucous beneath ; stipules minute, free, lanceolate'. 
Bracts as in the last. Calpx | in., with copious minute adpressed black hairs 
and deciduous longer white ones. Pod i-| in. long, glabrous, narrowed to both ends ; 
its stalk ;|— ^ in. long. 

44. A. c!l!olatus, Benth. MSS. ; stems herbaceous, leaflets oblong 17-19, 
calyx-teeth elor^ated setaceous, corolla yeUow tinged with lilac, pod oblong 
turgid stalked bilocular 8-10-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 27 ; ii. 33. 

"West Himalayas, temperate region ; Ladak, Kashmir, Kjstwab, alt. 6-9000 ft. ; 
Thomson, Falconer. 

Stems 1-2 ft. or more high, firm, hollow, erect, glabrous. Leaves reaching ^-| ft. 
long ; leaflets thin, obtuse, green and glabrescent, \-\^ in. long, glaucous, thinly white- 
silky at first below ; stipules \-^ in., free, persistent, lanceolate or deltoid. Racemes 
long-peduncled close, subsecund ; bracts linear, not exceeding the buds. Calyx - in., 
obhque, tubular ; teeth setaceous, plumose, half as long as the tube. Corolla nearly 
twice the calyx ; keel shorter than the other petals, broad, abruptly upcurved. Pod 
1 in. long, oblong, turgid, membranous narrowed into a beak, clothed with fine short 
spreading black hairs ; stalk as long as the calyx. 

45. A. x!pliocarpuB, Benth. MaS'aS'. ; herbaceous, leaflets 21-25 oblong, 
corolla yellow, calyx-teeth short linear, pod ensiform subcompressed stalked 
bilocular 8-12-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 27 ; ii. 32. 

East Himalayas, alpine region, alt. 10-11,000 ft. ; Sikkim and East Nipal 
Hook. fil. 

Stems 2-3 ft. high, erect, hollow, obscurely pubescent upwards, glabrous below. 
Leaves j-\ ft. long; leaflets thin, narrow, oblong, obtuse, 1-1^ in. long, green, glabres- 
cent above, glaucous, thinly silky below; stipules lanceolate, spreadiner, free, ^1 in. 



130 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) \_Astragahi8. 

Bacemes long-peduncled, at first close, finally 2-3 in. long ; pedicels ^-^ in., black ; 
bracts lanceolate, not protruded. Calyx f in., tubular, with a few black hairs ; teeth 
more densely black -silky, less than half as long as the tube. Corolla bright yellow, 
i_| in. ; petals subequal. Pod 1-1^ in. by ^-| in., glabrous, membranous, narrowed 
gradually to both ends, rather reciirved ; stalk as long as the calyx. 

46. A. emodi, Steud. Nomen. edit. 2, p. 161 ; herbaceous, leaflets oblong 
21-25, calyx-teeth half as long as the tube, corolla yellow, pod long-stalked 
oblong turgid subbilocular 12-16-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 28 ; ii. 33. A. podo- 
carpus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5930, non C. A. Meyer. 

Ktjmaon, alt. 10-11,000 ft., Blinkworth, Strachey and Winterhottom. 

Stems tall, fistular, stout, erect, glabrous. Leaves 6-9 in. long ; leaflets thin, obtuse, 
^1 in. long, glabrescent on both sides, green above, glaucous beneath ; stipiiles lanceo- 
late, acute, free, reflexed. Racemes long-peduncled, 2-3 in. long ; pedicels ascending, 
^ in. long, finely downy ; bracts lanceolate. \-^ in. Calyx \ in., long, subglabrous, 
tubular. Corolla twice the calyx ; petals equal. Pod oblong, turgid, membranous, 
glabrous, l^-l^ in. long, narrowed gradually into a beak; stalk ^-f in. long. 

47. A. kbasianus, Benth. MSS. ; shrubby, leaflets oblong 21-25, 
calyx-teeth minute, corolla yellow, pod oblong tui'gid stalked bilocular 12- 
16-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 27 ; ii. 32. 

Khasia, temperate region, alt. 6-7000 ft., Hook. fil. and Thomson, Griffith. 

Stems tall, erect, shrubby, much branched, subglabrous. Leaves 4 in. long ; leaflets 
thin, narrow oblong, obtuse, ^-| in. long, green and glabrescent above, glaucous with a 
few adpressed white hairs below ; stipules lanceolate, free, ^ in. long. Racemes long- 
peduncled, moderately close, subsecund, finally 3-4 in. long; pedicels ^ in., finely 
downy ; bracts lanceolate, caducous, \ in. Calyx \ in., tubular, scarcely at all pilose. 
Corolla twice the calyx ; petals subequal. Pod oblique oblong, very turgid, mem- 
branous, glabrous ; stalk exceeding the calyx. 

48. A . coluteocarpus, Boiss. Diagn. ix. 65 ; shrubby, leaflets round- 
oblong 11-13, calyx-teeth long, corolla yellow, pod oblong turgid stalked 
bilocular 10-12-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 26 ; ii. 32 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 271. 

West Tibetan Himalayas and Kunawak, alt. 6-10,000 ft., Thomson, Munro. — Dis- 
TBiB. Afghanistan. 

A tall undershrub, with copious erecto-patent terete virgate glabrous branches. 
Leaves 4-5 in. long ; leaflets opposite, firm, glabrous, obtuse, glaucous, i-| in. long ; sti- 
pules free, minute, deltoid. Racemes long-peduncled, at first ciosO; finally i-^ ft. long ; 
pedicels short, pilose ; bracts linear, not protruded. Calyx | in., tubular, thinly pilose ; 
teeth setaceous, half as long as the tube. Corolla | in. ; keel abruptly incurved, much 
shorter than the wings and standard. Pod glabrous, very turgid, 1-1| in. long, nar- 
rowed to both ends ; stalk finally longer than the calyx. 

** Stipules large. 

49. A. frlg^idus, Bunge Mon. i. 25; ii. 28; herbaceous, leaflets 9-15 
oblong, calyx-teeth minute, pod oblong stalked unilocular 6-8-seeded. Phaca 
frigida, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 273. 

"Western Himalayas, temperate region ; Gubwhal, Kistwae, Lahxtl. — Disteib. 
MountaiDs through the north temperate zone. 

Stems 1-2 ft. high, erect, stout glabrous. Leaves 4-6 in. long; leaflets opposite, 
thin, an inch or more long, green, glabrescent above, glaucous with a few obscure hairs 
below ; stipules ovate or lanceolate, acute or obtuse, free, persistent, ^-| in, long. Ra- 
cemes long-peduncled, modjerately close, subseeund, finally 2-3 in. long ; pedicels black- 



Astragalus.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 131 

silky, ^-^ in. Calpx | in., tubular, with a few obscure adpressed l>lack hairs. 
Corolla twice the calyx, bright yellow; standard exceeding the wings and keel. Pod 
an inch long, glabrous, turgid, membranous, narrowed to both ends. 

60. A. vicioldes, Gmh. in Wall. Cat. 6931, non. Ledeh. Herbaceous, 

leaflets oblong 17-21, calyx-teeth minute, pod oblong stalked bilocular 8-9- 
seeded. A. concretua, Benth. in Royle HI. 199. 

Central Himalayas, temperate region ; Nipal, Kjstvar and Ktjnawar. 

Stems 1-2 ft. high, erect, moderately stout, hollow, glabrous. Leaves \-^ ft. ; leaflets 
1-1^ in. long, thin, oblong, obtuse, green and glabrescent above, glaucous, with a few 
adpressed hairs below ; stipules broad, membranous, connate, ^-| in. long. Racemes 
long-peduncled, close, 2-3 in. long ; pedicels ^j-^ in., subglabrous ; bracts lanceolate, 
\ in. Calyx \ in., tubular, glabrous except the teeth, the mouth oblique. Corolla 
bright yellow, twice the calyx ; petals equal. Pod glabrous, oblong, membranous, tur- 
gid, |— 1^ in. long, narrowed to both ends. 

51. A. graveolens, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 5929; shrubby, leaflets 17-19 
round-obloDg, calyx-teeth half as long as the tube, pod ensiform subcompressed 
stalked bilocular i2-18-seeded. Bunge Mon. i, ^Q ; ii. 31 ; Benth. in Royle ILL 
199. A. rotundifolius, Royle III. 199 ; Bunge lac. cit. A. medullaris, Boiss. 
Diagn. ix. Q>Q\ Fl. Orient, ii. 268; Bunge loc. cit. A. Scottianus, Stocks MSS. 
A. stipulatus, Jaquem. MSS. non Don. 

West Himalayas, temperate region, alt. 4-12,500 ft. ; KLashmir, Kistvar, Piti, 
GuRWHAL, KuNAWAR, KuiLAON. — DiSTRiB. Afghanistan, Beloochistan. 

A tall undershrub, with copious virgate terete glaucous branches. Leaves 4-6 in. 
long ; leaflets opposite, firm, obtuse, glaucous, glabrous on both sides, subdistant, ^-1 in. 
long; stipules free, foliaceous, cordate, ovate or lanceolate, 1-1^ in. long. EaceTnes 
long-peduncled, |-1 ft. long ; pedicels, ^-|- in, ; bracts linear, glabrous. Calyx tubular, 
glal)rous, f in. long ; mouth very oblique. Corolla yellow, twice the calyx ; standard 
slightly exceeding the wings and keel. Pod l-l|in. long, | in. broad, glabrous, mem- 
branousj nearly straight ; stalk as long as the calyx. 

52. A. stipulatus, D. Don in Bot. Mag. t. 2380; Trod. Nep. 246; 
herbaceous, leaflets 31^1 oblong, calyx-teeth as long as the tube, pod oblong 
subsessile bilocular 15- 20- seeded. Wall. Cat. 5928 ; Benth. in Royle III. 199 j 
Bunge Mon. i. 28 ; ii. 33. 

East Himalayas, temperate region, alt. 6-8000 ft ; Nipal and Sikkim. 

Stems stout, erect, hollow, glabrous, 3-6 ft. high. Leaves ^-1 ft. long ; leaflets thin, 
obtuse, 1-2 in. long, green, glabrescent above, glaucous with a few adpressed hairs 
below; stipules membranous, concrete, leaf-opposed, amplexicaul, 1-3 in. long. 
Racemes long-peduncled, ^-l ft. long, at first dense ; pedicels ^ in. ; bracts ^ in., 
lanceolate, membranous. Calyx tubular, f-1^ in., finely grey-downy. Corolla yellow, 
I in. ; petals equal. Pod glabrous, turgid, rather recurved, narrowed into a long beak. 

SxjBGEN. 7. BXyobroxna, Bunge. Stemless or 8hort>-stemmed perennial or 
low shrubs, with stipules adnate in the lower part to the petiole, leaf-rachis 
ending in a leaflet, large yellow flowers in close heads, gibbous calyces and 
naked stigmas.,. 

* Stemless. 

53. A. rhizanthus, Royle III. 200; heads subsessile, leaflets oblong 
obtuse densely silky, leaf-rachis not indurated, calyx-teeth linear, pod subsessile. 
Bunge Mon. i. 35 ; ii. 60. 



132 I*. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) \_Astragaliis. 

West Himalayas, temperate and alpine regions, alt. 9-16,000 ft.; Zanskar, 
Lahttl, Kashmir, Kunawar. 

Tufts one or several together at the crown of a woody rootstock. Stipules |-^in., 
lanceolate ; petiole and leaf-rachis densely silky, the latter 2-4 in. long, not persisting 
after the leaflets fall; leaflets 31-41, i-| in. long, glaucous, persistently silky on 
both sides, the upper close, the lower distant. Heads dense, many-flowered, usually 
quite sessile at the crown of the rootstock ; hracts linear, i-^ in. long, densely silky. 
Cali/x tubular, silky, ^— | in. long ; teeth half as long as the tube. Corolla half as long 
again as the calyx ; wings shorter than the standard, and keel than the wings. Pod 
densely silky, ^-| in. long, oblong, turgid, bilocular, splitting open the calyx, 15-20- 
seeded, narrowed suddenly into the beak. 

54. A. acAulis, Baker MSS. ', beads subsessile, leaflets lanceolate acute 
glabrous, leaf-rachis not indurated, calyx-teeth lanceolate, ovary stipitate. 

SiKKiM, alpine region, alt. 16-17,000 ft., Hook.fil 

Tufts several from the crown of the woody rootstock, the glabrous stems at most 
an inch long. Leaves 2-3 in. long, distinctly petioled; leaflets 25-31, green, 
narrowed gradually to a point, \-^ in. long; stipules 5 in., membranous, lanceolate. 
Heads 2-3-flowered, sessile. Calyx under 1 in. long, clothed with a few adpressed 
hairs ; taeth a third as long as the tube. Corolla bright yellow, twice the calyx ; petals 
subequal; standard^ in. broad, Ovary glabrous, distinctly stalked; ovules 12-16. 
Fod not seen. 

55. A. Webblanus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5936; heads subsessile, leaflets 
oblong obtuse glabrous, leaf-rachis indurated, calyx-teeth linear-setaceous, pod 
subsessile. Benth. in Boyle III. 199 ; Bunge Man. i. 39 ; ii. 51. 

Kunawar and "West Tibet, alt. 12-16,000 ft., alpine region. ■ 

Tufts densely csespitose at the crown of a thick woody rootstock. Stifuhs lineam 
or lanceolate, i-f in. ; petiole 1-4 in. long, stramineous, glabrous, like the leaf-rachis, 
which is 3-6 in. long and becomes wiry in texture; leaflets 31-51, scattered, disf 
tant, rather caducous, |-f in. long, glaucous with a few fine spreading hairs in th& 
early stage. Heads many-flowered, sessile or ehort-peduncled ; pedicels |-i in. ; bracts 
linear exceeding the pedicels, Calyx tubular, -f in. long ; teeth a third as long as the 
tube. ' Corolla under an inch long ; wings distinctly shorter than the standatd, and 
keel than the wings. Pod oblong, turgid, glabrous, |-| in. long, bilocular, 15-20-seeded, 
narrowed suddenly at both ends. 

56. A. bakuensis, Bunge Mon. i. 37; ii. 45; beads long-peduncled, 
leaflets linear finely downy, leaf-rachis not at aU indurated, calyx-teeth setaceous, 
pod subsessile. Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 283. 

Punjab, subtropical zone ; Salt range, Fleming, Stewart. — Distrib. Orient. 

Leaves 3— 4 ft. long; petioles 2-6 in. long, densely clothed with short spreading 
hairs- leaflets 31-41, distant, opposite or alternate, glaucous, distinctly stalked, 
4-3 in. long ; stipules lanceolate, ^f in. Racemes many-flowered, laxer than in the 
other species ; peduncle 2-12 in. long, flnely downy; bracts linear-setaceous, i in. 
long. Calyx tubular, downy, ^ in. long; teeth a third as long as the tube. Corolla 
half as long again as the calyx, considerably tinged with purple ; petals subequal. 
Pod oblong, densely silky, bilocular, 15-20-seeded, not seen mature. — Connects 
Myohroma with Phuca. 

** Stetns distinct. 

57. A. Candolleanus, Boyle Til. 199, non Boiss; heads subsessile, 
leaflets 17-25, leaf-rachises indurated persisting long after the leaflets fall, 
pod linear-oblong narrowed from the middle to both ends. A. Royleanus, 
Bunge Mm. i. 30 ; ii. 34. 



Aetragalm.'] l. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 133 

West Himalayas, temperate and alpine region, alt. 8-13,000 ft.; West Tibet, 
KuNAWAR, Kashmir, Gubwhax, Kumaon. 

Stems -woody, not more than a few inches long, beset below the tufts of leaves with 
the copious ascending woody rachises of the old leaves with the lanceolate membranous 
stipules still persisting. Leaves 3-4 in. long ; leaflets oblong, obtuse, glaucous, i— ^ in. 
long, more or less silky; petioles 1-2 in., finely downy. Heads dense, many- flowered ; 
pedicels ^-^ in,, densely silky; bracts linear. Calyx \ in., densely silky; teeth linear, 
a third as long as the tube. Corolla an inch long ; wings shorter than the standard, 
keel than the wings. Pod ^-1 in. long, curved, short- stalked, firm, turgid, bilocular, 
12-I6-seeded. 

A plant from Kumaon and Gurwhal, of which we have incomplete examples ga- 
thered by Falconer and Madden (var. pmdreensis, Benth.) with the general habit and 
copious persistent indurated petioles of this species, but with a shorter pod rounded at 
both ends like the next, will probably prove distinct from both when fully known. 

Bunge cites from ' Boi/le III. p. 199,' A. subcaulescens, which he keeps up as a 
species, but says he has not seen. Royle has no such plant. 

58. A . pyrrhotrlchus, Boiss. Diag. ix. 73 ; Fl. Orient, ii. 290 ; heads 
distinctly peduncled, leaflets 41-51 clothed with long silky hairs, leaf-rachis not 
indurated nor persistent. Bunge Mon. i. 39 ; ii. 54. 

Hazara, 2-6000 ft., Stewart. Punjab, near Atok, Gen. Eyre, Aitchison — Distbib. 
Afghanistan. 

Stems short, woody, densely clothed with long soft spreading fine pale brown hairs. 
Stipules ^-| in. long, lanceolate, silky; leaf-rachis including petiole |-1 ft. long, 
densely clothed with spreading hairs, much overtopping the heads ; leaflets green, 
roundish or obovate-oblong, i-| in. long, obtuse, with a minute mucro. Heads close, 6- 
12-flowered ; peduncle 1-4 in. ; pedicels short ; bracts linear-setaceous, plumose. Calyx 
densely silky, |— | in. long ; teeth setaceous, nearly as long as the tube. Corolla half 
as long again as the calyx, Fod subsessile, dimidiate-oblong, densely silky, bilocular, 
10-12-seeded. 

69. A. malacophyllus, Benth. MSS. ; heads shortly peduncled, leaflets 
31-41 densely silky, leaf-rachises not indurated nor persistent, pod oblong 
narrowed suddenly at both ends. Bunge Mon. i. 36 ; ii. 61. 

West Himalayas, temperate region, alt. 8-11,000 ft. ; Kashmir and Kistwar. 

Stems densely pubescent, usually short, but reaching a foot long. Leaves 2-4 in. 
long; leaflets close, oblong, obtuse, densely silky, ^^ in. long ; stipules lanceolate, l-\ in. 
Heads close or rarely sublax ; peduncles an inch or less ; bracts linear-setaceous, ex- 
ceeding the distinct pedicels. Calyx \ in., densely silky ; teeth linear, a third the 
length of the tube. Corolla half as long again as the calyx ; wings rather shorter 
than the standard; keel shorter still. Fod | in. long, sessile, very turgid, firm, 
bilocular, siliy, 8-10-seeded. 

60. A. anomalus, Bunge Moot. i. 35 ; ii. 62; heads distinctly peduncled, 
leaflets 25-31 nearly glabrescent, leaf-rachises not indurated nor persistent. 

West Tibet, Falconer. 

Closely allied to the last, from which it mainly diflfers by its longer peduncles and 
fewer leaflets. Leaves 3-4 in. long ; leaflets oblong, obtuse, |-^ in. long, the upper 
close, the lower distant, green, with a few short silky hairs ; stipules lanceolate, | in. 
long. Calyx i in. ; teeth setaceous, plumose, half as long as the tube. Corolla J— | in. ; 
proportion of the petals as in A. Tnalacophyllus. Ovary linear, silky, nearly sessile ; 
ovules about 20. Fed not seen. 

SuBGEN. 8. SSgracantha, Bunge. Low shrubs, with basifixed hairs, 
stipules adnate at the base to the petiole, persistent rigid leaf-rachises without 



134 L. LEGUMIN0SJ3. (J. G. Baker.) [Astragalw. 

any leaflet at the end, large yellow flowers in the axils of the leaves without 
any peduncles, gibbous calyces and naked stigmas. Included in Fischer's mono- 
graph in Tragacantha, from which they are separated by their pedicelled gibbous 
calyx. 

* Leaflets glabrescent or obscurely silky. 

61. A. poly acanthus, Royle III. 199, non Wall. Cat. 5934; spines 
short, stipules deltoid or lanceolate-deltoid, leaflets 9-13, flowers sessile in the 
axils of the leaves usually geminate, corolla twice as long as the caljrx. A. 
Daltonianus, Bunge Mon. i. 44 ; ii. 69. A. psilocentrus, Fisch. ; Bunge Mon, 
i. 44 ; ii. 70. A. scariosus, Benth. MSS. ; Bunge Man. i. 44 ; ii. 71. A. Grah- 
amianus, Royle III. 199, t. 36, fig. 2 ; Bunge Mon. i. 44 ; ii. 68. A. Jacque- 
montii, Bunge Mon. i. 44 ; ii. 68. 

Common in the north-west, ascending from the plains of the Ptjnjab to 12,000 ft., 
reaching east to Kumaon and Ghabwax. — Distrib. Afghanistan. 

A copiously-branched undershrub, with short branchlets armed with the crowded 
ascending old leaf-rachises, which are not more than li-2 in. long. Leaflets oblong, 
glabrescent or persistently slightly silky, pale glaucous green, rather thick in texture, 
often complicate, 5— | in. long. Pedicels silky, \-\ in. Calyx tubular, \ in. long, 
glabrescent or thinly silky; mouth oblique; teeth short, linear. Corolla l-\\ in. 
long ; wings shorter than the standard, and keel than the wings. Pod ^ in. long, 
dimidiate-oblong, turgid, sessile, bilocular, 15-20-seeded. 

62. A. cicerifolius, Boyle \ Bunge Mon. i. 44 ; ii. 70 ; spines elongated, 
leaflets 31-41, stipules lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, flowers in peduncled 
heads, corolla not twice as long as the calyx. A. oplites, Benth. MSS. A. 
tenuispinus, Bunge Mon. i. 44 ; ii. 70. A. microphyllus, Jacquem. MSS. 

"West Himalayas, temperate and alpine region, alt. 10-17,000 ft. ; Nubea, Ladax, 
Kashmir, Garwhax, Kunawae, &c. 

An undershrub, densely armed with the erecto-patent rigid stramineous leaf- 
rachises, which are 5—^ ft. long. Leaflets finely silky at first, ipostly glabrescent 
when mature, pale green, thick in texture, obtuse, sometimes emarginate, ascending, 
caducous, 5— I in, long, oblanceolaie or obovate-oblong. Flowers usually 3-4 together 
on short peduncles from the axils of the leaves ; pedicels |— 5- in. ; bracts linear or 
setaceous, exceeding the pedicels. Calyx ^-| in., with a few adpressed black or 
brownish silky hairs ; teeth setaceous, a third as long as the tube. Proportion of the 
petals as in the last. Pod |-| in. long, oblong, txu-gid, bilocular, densely silky, narrowed 
to the point, 15-20-seeded. 

** Leaflets persistently densely silky. 

63. A . multlceps, Wall. Cat. 5937 ; main stems not produced, branchlets 
with densely crowded nodes, flowers 1-2 together in leaf-axils usually not 
peduncled, coroUa twice as long as the calyx. Bunge Mon. i. 44, ii. 69. 

"West Himalayas, temperate zone, alt. 10-12,000 ft. ; Sisela, Kumaon, Garwhax. 

Tufts densely congested, armed with the very crowded ascending old leaf-rachises, 
which are l|-3 in. long. Stipules \ in., lanceolate, adnate only at the very base ; 
leaflets 21-31, mostly crowded, obovate-oblong, y^^-s i^- ^ong, thick in textxire, 
dull green, clothed with grey silky hairs. Pedicels ~-^ in. ; bracts linear, exceeding 
the pedicels. Calyx f in., thinly silky ; teeth linear-setaceous, half as long as the 
tube. Corolla f in. ; standard exceeding wings and keel. Pod sessile, oblong, turgid, 
bilocular, 12-14-seeded, clothed with fine grey silky hairs. 

64. A. zanskarensis, Benth. MSS. ; main stems short, branchlets 



Astragalus.l l. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 135 

with densely crowded nodes, flowers in short^peduncled heads, corolla half as 
long again as the calyx. Bunge Man. i. 43, ii. 67. 

West Himalayas, temperate and alpine region, alt. 10-14,000 ft.; Zanskah, 
Thomson. 

A dichotomously-branched undershrub, with the old part of the stems densely 
beset with stiff persistent ascending leaf-rachises 3-4 in. long. ' Stipules lanceolate, 
A in. long; leaflets 21-25, close, oblong, obtuse, caducous, \-^ in. long, densely 
clothed on both sides with rather spreading short pale brown silky pubescence. 
Flowers up to a half-a-dozen in heads much overtopped by the leaves; pedicels ^ in., 
densely pubescent '; bracts linear-setaceous, plumose. Calyx i-| in., tubular, densely 
silky ; teeth setaceous, \ as long as the tube. Corolla | in. ; wings shorter than 
standard and keel than wings. Ovary oblong, silky, short-stalked ; ovides about 20. 
Pod not seen. 

65. A. leptocentrus, Bunge Mon. i. 44 ; ii. 69 ; main stems elongated, 
"branchlets with densely crowded nodes, flowers 1-2 together in leaf- axils not 
peduncled, corolla twice as long as the calyx. A. leptacanthus, Benth. MSS. 
non Boiss. ^ Buhse. 

West Himalayas, alpine region. Piti, alt. 14,000 ft., Thomson; Hazaba, 

Winterbottom. 

A low undershrub. with branches clothed with very dense short pale brown 
spreading pubescence. Leaf-rachises erecto-patent, 2-3 in. long, persistently pubes- 
cent; leaflets 21-31, oblong, obtuse, |— | in. long, persistently matted on both 
sides with thick grey- brown silky pubescence. Pedicels ^ in., densely silky ; bracts 
plumose, linear-setaceous. Calyx i in., densely silky ; teeth linear-setaceous, a third 
as long as the tube. Corolla an inch long ; keel much shorter than standard and 
wings. Pod oblong, ^— | in., sessile, silky, turgid, bilocular, 12-14-seeded. 

66. A. bicuspis, Fisch. Mon. Trag. No. 94; main stems elongated, 
nodes not crowded, flowers 1-3 together in the axils of the leaves not 
peduncled, corolla half as long again as the calyx. Bunge Mon, i. 43, ii. 69. 
A. lasiocladus, Benth. MSS. 

Hazara and West Tibet, temperate zone, Winterbottom, Jacquemont, Falconer. 

General habit of A. poly acanthus. Branches clothed with dense spreading or 
deflexed pale brown silky hairs. Spines 1-2 in. long, stramineous, erecto-patent. 
Stipides i-| in., lanceolate-cuspidate; leaflets 13-17, oblong, J-| in. long, obtuse, 
or subacute, shaggy with dense pubescence like the stem. Pedicels very short. Calyx 
\ in. long, shaggy with dense silky hairs like the stem. Corolla |-| in. ; wings and 
keel much shorter than the standard. Pod shaggy, subsessile, oblong, bilocvdar, \-^ in. 
long, 8-10- seeded. 

Stjbgen. 9. Trag'acantlia, Bunge. A low shrub with basifixed hairs, 
indurated spiny leaf-rachis, caducous leaflets and sessile calyx narrowed equally 
to the base. 

67. A. strobiliferus, Boyle III. 199 ; Bunge Man. i. 83, ii. 146 ; Camb. 

in Jacquem. Voy. Bot. 39, t. 47, not Lindl. 

West Himalayas, temperate and alpine region, alt. 8-13,000 ft. ; PtTi, Kashmib, 
Kunawar. — DisTKiB. Afghanistan. 

A copiously-branched undershrub, not more than a few inches high, densely 
armed with the ascending spine-tipped stramineous petioles, which are 1-2 inches 
long. Stipules membranous, deltoid, adnate to the petiole, like those of a rose, 
except at the tip ; leaflets 11-13, oblanceolate, glaucous, rigid, acute, i-§ in. long, 
strigillose. Flowers a few sessile in the axil of each petiole, scarcely protruding 



136 L. LEGTJMmos^. (J. G. Baker.) [Astragalus, 

beyond the stipules. Cal^x ^ in. long, cleft do-wn to the base, each lobe like a dense 
tuft of thick white pubescence. Corolla yellow, little exserted ; petals equal, marces- 
cent ; standard panduriform. Pod sessile, silky, 3-4-seeded. 

Bunge gives his A. glabrifolius, Mon. i. 93, ii. 167, gathered also by Griffith in 
Afghanistan, from the West Himalayas, on Falconer's authority. It has much longer 
petioles, longer flat glabrous leaflets, flowers of many nodes at the top of a short stem 
aggregated into a thick very dense oblong head. 

SuBGE]sr. 10. Cercldothrlz, Bunge (including Calycocystis). Herba- 
ceous perennials, densely canescent with adpressed white bristly hairs fixed 
by the centre like those of Indigofei-a, moderately large yellow flowers and 
glabrous stigmas. Outlying representatives of a group of above 300 species, 
mostly Central Asian. 

68. A> peduncularls, Royle III. 199; leaflets 21-25 distant narrow- 
oblong, racemes many-flowered lax in the lower part, calyx permanently 
tubular, pod linear very turgid unilocular many-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 96, 
ii. 168. 

West Tibet; Dras and Zanskar, alt. 9-12,000 ft., Thomson, Henderson \ 
KuNAWAE, Royle. 

Stems tall, erect, glabrous, firm, little branched, 1-2 ft. high, with only a few obscure 
adpressed bristles. Leaves 3-4 in. long ; rachis channelled down the face ; leaflets 
obtuse or subacute, |-^ ia. long, pale green, glabrescent above, persistently strigillose 
below ; stipules deltoid, free, membranous. Racemes 2-4 in. long, dense upwards, 
Phaca-like ; peduncles finally ^ ft. or more ; pedicels very short, cernuous ; bracts 
lanceolate, ^ in., subpersistent. Calyx \ in., finely downy ; teeth very short, upper 
deltoid, lower lanceolate. Corolla twice the calyx; keel and wings nearly equal, 
rather shorter than the standard. Fod sessile, firm, glabrous, very turgid, §-f in. long, 
depressed down the keel, but the sutiu'e not intruded ; seeds 15-20. 

69. A. subulatus, 3f. -S^V&. Fl. Taur. Caucas. ii. 193; leaflets 9-13 
distant linear, racemes few-flowered lax, calyx permanently tubular, pod long 
cylindrical half-bilocular many-seeded. Boiss. Fl. Chient. ii. 481. A. anfrac- 
tuosus, Bunge Mon. i. 125, ii. 218. 

West Tibet, alpine region, alt. 12,000 ft., Thomson, Henderson. — Distkib. A%lwin- 
istan, Bsloochistan, Crimea, West Siberia, Chinese Tartary. 

Stems under a foot high, 2-3 times dichotomously forked, the branches diA'aricated, 
thinly clothed with minute white bristles. Leaves ^-1 in. long ; leaflets ^— f in. 
acute, firm, pale green, persistently strigillose on both sides ; stipides linear, very 
minute. Racemes 3-12-flowered, 1-2 in. long ; peduncles rigid, exceeding the leaves, 
clothed with mixed black and white adpressed hairs ; pedicels very short ; bracts 
minute, lanceolate, persistent. Calyx cylindrical, |— | in. long, densely clothed with 
adpressed mixed black and white bristles ; teeth minut,e, lanceolate. Corolla nearly 
twice the calyx ; wings shorter than the standard ; keel much shorter, the lamina 
not more than half as long as the claw. Pod cylindrical, 1-1^ in. long, canescent 
with similar bristles to those of the calyx and peduncle, firm, rostrate, 20-30-seeded, 
straight or slightly recurved, narrowed to a short stalk. 

70. A. nivalis, Kar. 8r Kir. Enum. PI. Song. No. 272; leaflets 13-17 
close oblong, racemes many-flowered capitate, calyx becoming inflated, pod 
very small half-bilocular few-seeded. Bunge Mon. i. 137, ii. 234. A. Thom- 
sonianus, Benth. MSS. 

West Tibet, alpine region, alt. 11-16,000 ft.; Zanskar, Ladak, and Sassar, 
Thomson, Stewart. — Distkib. Central Siberia. 

Root thick, woody. Stems \-^ ft., densely caespitose, slender, finely canescent. Leaf 



Oxytropis.l l. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 137 

1-1^ in. ; leaflets ^| in., obtuse, densely -white-canescent on both sides ; stipules small, 
lanceolate, cuspidate, free. Flowers 6-20, in a dense head, all ascending; peduncles 
1-2 in., finely canescent ; bracts lanceolate, shaggy, exceeding the very short pedicels. 
Cali/x ^ in. membranous, tubular at first, densely feilky, becoming much inflated after 
the petals fall ; teeth short, lanceolate. Corolla nearly twice the calyx ; wings shorter 
than the standard ; keel shorter still. Pod J— | in., oblique oblong, silky, distinctly 
stalked, 2-4seeded, with the introverted suture reaching half through. 

UNKNOWN SPECIES, 

Of A. ccETuleus, Hort, Paris; Bunge Mon. i. 103, ii. 184, a species near A. 
Onobrychis, supposed to have been raised in the Paris garden from Ceylon seeds, we 
know nothing. No doubt the locality is a mistake. 

27. OXVTROPZS, DC. 

Herbaceous perennials with odd-pinnate leaves^ the flowers usually in dense 
heads. Calyx tubular or campanulate, with 6 subequal teeth. Corolla more or 
less exserted ; standard longest ; keel shortest, pointed with a distinct cusp. 
Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile or stalked, many-ovuled ; 
style abruptly incurved beardless, stigma capitate. Pod oblong or roundish, 
turgid, continuous longitudinally within, unilocular or rarely bilocular. — Distrib. 
Species about 100, spread through the North temperate zone. 

Sect. I. Kypogrlottidel. Flowers in dense peduncled heads. Leaflets not 
more than one from the same point. — Habit of Astragalus, section Hypoglottis. 

* Flowers purple j rarely yellow. 

1. O. lapponlca, Gaud. Fl. Helv. iv. 545; stemless or short-stemmed, 
leaflets lanceolate 13-25, flowers in permanently dense heads, calyx nearly 
sessile, pod of the lower flowers or all the flowers deflexed.' 0. microrhyncha, 
Betith. MSS. Phaca lapponica, DC. Prodr. ii. 274. 

Western Himalayas, frequent in the alpine and temperate regions, alt. 9-17,000 
ft. SiKKiM, Hobk. fit. — Distrib, Mts. of Europe and Siberia, 

Stems often not developed, sometimes 5-^ It. long. Leaves 1-3 in. lOng ; leaflets 
^^ in., green in the type, with a few adpressed white silky hairs or sometimes nearly 
.glabrescent ; stipules ^- ^ in., leaf-opposed, connate towards the base. Peduncles 
■^^ ft., with only a few adpressed hairs ; flowers 6-20 in a dense rounded head ; bracts 
minute, linear. Calyx ^-^ in., coated with adpressed nearly black silky hairs ; teeth 
linear, shorter than the tube. Corolla bright purple, f-^ in. long ; keel much 
shorter than the wings. Pod linear-obloug, f-^ in. long, unilocular, keeled down the 
back, 5-6-seeded, clothed with a few obscure black or white hairs ; stalk as long as 
the calyx-tube, 

Var. 1, Jacquemontiana, Benth.; stemless, very dwarf, the whole plant not 
more than 1-3 in. high, leaflets few small thick greenish, heads 1-3-tiowered, corolla 
rather larger than in the type. A high alpine form. 

Var. 2. humifusa, Kar. ^ Kir., sp. ; stemless, leaflets densely and persistently 
white-silky on both sides, calyx more densely silky, the black hairs mixed with 
copious white ones, 0. glacialis, Benth. MSS. — Alpine zone of Kashmir and Western 
Tibet. 

Var. 3. xanthantha, Baker ; general habit and leaves of the type, but calyx 
longer, with teeth quite as long as the tube and corolla yellow. — East Tibet ; Lama 
Kongra, alt. 15,000 ft., Hook.fil. 

2. O. mollis, Royle III. 198; stemless, tall, leafleta densely white- 



138 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Oxytrojns. 

silky 13-26 oblong or lanceolate-oblong, heads finally sublax, corolla half 
as long again as the calyx, pods ascending. O. floribunda, Benth. in Royle HI. 
198. Astragalus vesiculosus, Jacquem. MSS. 

West Himalayas, alpine region, alt. 10-12,000 ft. ; Lahtji., Zanskak, Ktjnawae, &c. 

Tufts -^-1 ft. high, crowded at the top of a woody rootstock. X^aws long-petioled, 
2-3 in. long ; leaflets ^-^ in. long, moderately thick, pale green, densely clothed on 
both sides with persistent adpressed white silky hairs ; stipules lanceolate or deltoid- 
cuspidate, densely silky. Peduncles usually much overtopping the leaves ; heads 
finally 2-3 in. long; pedicels very short ; bracts minute, linear. Calyx ^-^ in long, 
densely clothed with mixed black and white silky hairs. Pod ^-f in. long, oblong- 
cylindrical, unilocular, distinctly stalked, 6-8-seeded, 

3. O. Thomsoni, Benth. MSS. ; stemless, tall, leaflets lanceolate 
densely white-silky 13-61, heads finally sublax, corolla twice as long as the 
calyx, pods ascending. 

West Himalayas, temperate and alpine region, alt. 7-15,000 ft. ; Lahul, Ladak, 
Kashmie. 

General habit of 0. mollis. Leaves \ong--petioled, 4-6 in. long; leaflets grey -green, 
narrower in proportion, |-1 in, long, not so thick nor densely silky as in the last; stipules 
lanceolate, ^ in. long. Racemes finally 3-4 in. long ; peduncles equalling or Over- 
topping the leaves ; pedicels ^^ in. ; bracts linear, small. Calyx \-\ in., densely 
clothed with mixed black and white silky hairs; teeth plumose, the lower nearly as 
long as the tube. Pod oblong-cylindrical, unilocular, 4-6-seeded, with a few minute 
, adpressed white hairs ; stalk as long as the calyx-tube. 

** Flmvers mostly yellow, rarely varying to purple. 

4. O. densa, Benth. MSS.-, acaulescent, very dwarf, leaflets 16-17 
minute densely-silky, heads few-flowered short-peduncled, pod ovate-cylindrical V 
bilocular. 

West Tibet, alpine region, alt. 16-17,000 ft., Thomson, Strachey. 

Tufts densely caespitose from a woody root, the whole plant not more than 1-1 1- in. 
above the surface. Leaves under h in. long ; leaflets y^ in. long, close, oblong, thickly 
matted with persistent grey-silky hairs; stipules deltoid, membranous, 1^-2 in., con- 
nate downwards. Heads 3-6-flowered ; peduncles densely silky, }- ^ in. ; pedicels 
very short. Bracts small, linear. Calyx ^ in., densely silky ; tube campanulate ; 
teeth linear, shorter than the tube. Corolla half as long again as the calyx. Pod 
sessile, finely silky, narrowed gradually from the middle to the point, turgid, 5-6- 
seeded. 

6. O. Strachey ana, Benth. MSS. ; stemless, very dwarf, leaflets 5-7 
densely silky, heads few-flowered short-peduncled, pod round-oblong turgid 
unilocular. 

West Tibet, alpine region ; Darma Yankti, alt. 15,500 ft., Strachey Sf Winter- 
botto7n. 

Whole plant not above a couple of inches above the surface. Stipules deltoid, 
membranous, minute ; leaflets thick, complicate, oblong, ^-^ in. long, densely matted 
with grey-brown silky hairs. Heads short-peduncled, 2-3-flowered ; bracts minute ; 
pedicels very short. Calyx | in. long, tubular, densely clothed with ascending grey 
silky hairs ; teeth linear, ^\ tube. Corolla half as long again as the calyx. Pod ^ in. 
long, sessile, 3-4-seeded, densely clothed with long persistent pale brown silky hairs. 

6. O. tatarica, Jacquem.. MSS. ; stemless, leaflets small 13-21 densely 
matted vnth white silky hairs, heads dense long-peduncled, bracts minute, pod 
sessile inflated imilocular round-oblong. 



Oxytropis.'] l. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 139 

West Tibet, alpine region, frequent, alt. 13-17,000 ft. ; Nubra, Zanskae, Pm, 
Parang, Ladak, &c. 

Densely tufted, the whole plant 3-4 in. high. Leaves ^-1 in. long ; leaflets close, 
except the lowest, oblong or oblanceolate-oblong, ^— | long, thick, densely persistently 
matted with white silky hairs on both sides ; stipules minute, deltoid, silky. Flowers 
20-40, in very dense heads ; pedicels scarcely any ; bracts minute, linear, white-plu- 
mose. Calyx ^J in., densely white-silky ; teeth nearly or quite as long as the tube. 
Corolla not more than half as long again as the calyx, usually all yellow, rarely pur- 
ple or the keel tipped with purple ; standard oblong-spathulate, exceeding the wings 
and keel. Fad much inflated, membranous, sessile, J-| in. long, 5-6-seeded, shaggy 
with loose dense white silky hairs. 

7. O. cachexnirlca, Camb. in Jacquem. Voy. Bot. 38, t. 44 ; stem 
short, leaflets 13-21 oblong-lanceolate densely white-silky, heads dense long- 
peduncled, bracts distinct lanceolate, pod sessile inflated round-oblong uni- 
locular. 

West Tibet and Kashmir, temperate zone, alt. 8-10,000 ft. — Distrib. Central 
Siberia. 

Whole plant \-\ ft. high. Stems ascending from a woody rootstock, finely pubes- 
cent. Leaves 1-2 in. long ; leaflets |-^ in. long, clothed on both sides with loose 
white silky hairs; stipules lanceolate or deltoid, connate downwards. Flowers 12-30 
in a dense he^d ; pedicels very short. Calyx | in. long, densely white-silky ; teeth 
linear, nearly or quite as long as the tube. Corolla half as long again as the calyx. 
Fad just like that of the last but rather larger. 

8. O. melnshausenii, Schrenk; Led. Fl. Ross. i. 786; stem distinct, 
leaflets 17-31 thin large oblong green pubescent, heads dense long-peduncled, 
bracts conspicuous, pod short-stalked oblong unilocular. Bungs Bel. Lehm. 76. 

West Himalayas, temperate region; valley of Kishengunga, alt. 9-11,000 ft., 
Stewart. — Distrib. Siberia. 

Stems a foot or more high, at first thiply pilose. Leaves 3-4 in. long ; leaflets 
^-f in. long, obtuse, thinly clothed with rather long whitish hairs on both sides; sti- 
pules \-\ free, lanceolate or oblong. Flowers 12-20 in a dense head; peduncles erect, 
4-6 in. long ; pedicels 25— 12^^- '■> bracts linear, ^\ in, long, ciliated with black hairs. 
Calyx I in., tubular, thinly clothed with adpressed black hairs ; teeth linear, half as 
long as the tube, black-plumose. Corolla twice as long as the calyx. Pod oblong, 
turgid, ^-| in. long, straight, 6-8-seeded, with a few dark silky hairs. 

Dr. Hooker procured from Nipalese Tibet flower-heads of a fifth yellow-flowered 
species which, as far as the material goes, matches the Siberian 0. argentata, Led. It 
differs from 0. Meinshausenii by larger bracts, longer calyx with linear teeth as long 
as the tube, corolla shorter in proportion, not more than half as long again as the 
calyx. These two represent in the Himalayas the group of 0. campestris. 

Sect. 2. Verticillares, DC. Herbaceous perennials with flowers in 
dense heads, with leaflets often in pairs from the same point, so that they are 
whorled when the nodes are opposite on the two sides of the leaf-rachis. 

9. O. microphylla, BC. Prodr. ii. 270; Led. Fl. Boss. i. 578. 0. 
chiliophylla, Boyle III. 198 ; Cafnb. in Jacquem. Voy. Bot. 38, t. 45. 

West Himalayas, alpine region, alt. 11-16,000 ft.; Zanskar, Piti, Sassar, 
Nubra, Kunawar, &c. ; Sikkim, Hook. fil. 

Stemless, erect, ^-| ft. high, the tufts densely caespitose at the top of a woody 
rootstock, the deltoid imbricated stipules clothed with dense tufts of long white 
silky hairs. Leaf short-petioled, 1^-3 in. long ; leaflets crowded, linear -oblong, ^-\ in. 
long, subcoriaceous, grey-green, gland-dotted, with fine deciduous pubescence, the edges 
much reflexed. Peduncleh equalling or overtopping the leaves ; flowers 4-15, the heads 



140 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Oxytropis. 

at first close, becoming 2-3 in. long when they expand. Calyx | in. long, tubular, 
clothed with large sessile glands, nearly glabrous ; teeth short, linear, pubescent. Corolla 
bright purple, tw-ice the calyx. Pod half-bilocular, sessile, linear, turgid, recurved, 
densely gland-dotted, glabrous, bilocular ; seeds 20-30. 

Sect. 3. Phacoldel. Herbaceous caulescent perennials, with flowers in 
elongated racemes. — Habit of Astragalus, section Phaca. 

10. O. di£fiisa, Led. Alt. iii. 281 ; Icrni. Ross. t. 451. 0. glabra, DC, 
Astrag. No. 31, t. 8 ; Prodr. ii. 280. 

West Tibet, temperate region, alt. 7-8000 feet. — Distrib. West Siberia. 

Caulescent, 1-2 ft. high. Stems copiously branched, firm, slender, zigzag, terete, 
glabrous. Leaves 2-3 in. long; leaflets 9-13, lanceolate, ^1 in. long, green, rather 
thick, acute, glabrous or with only a few minute obscure hairs ; stipules minute, 
free, deltoid, foliaceous. Bacemes 2-4 in. long ; pedicels very short ;• bracts minute, 
lanceolate. Calyx |- in., campanulate, with a few adpressed black and white hairs. 
Corolla yellow, twice the calyx. Fod f-^ in. long, oblong, sessile, turgid, unilocular, 
straight, glabrous, 6-10-seeded. 

28. TAVERirZERA, DC. 

Much-branched undershrubs. Leaves simple or 3-foliolate. Flowers in lax 
racemes. Calyx-tvhe turbinate ; teeth 5, distinct, setaceous from a deltoid base. 
Corolla marcescent, much exserted ; standard obovate ; wings small, much 
shorter ; keel obtuse, as long as the standard. Stamens monadelphous ; anthers 
uniform. Ovary stalked, 2-4-ovulate ; style long, filiform, inflexed, stigma 
minute, capitate. Pod of 1-4 flattened indehiscent densely muricated joints. — 
DisTEiB. Species 3-4, reaching Egypt and Abyssinia. 

1. T. numxnularla, DC Prodr. ii. 339 ; Mem. Leg. vi. t. 62 ; JBoiss. 
Fl. Orient, ii. 508. Hedysarum nummularifoKum, DC. in Ann. Sc. Nat. iv. 
102. H. sparteum, Burm. Fl. Lnd. 166, t. 51, fig. 2 ? T. spartea, DC. loc. eit.? 
Onobrychis diffusa, Camb. in Jacquem. Voy. Bot. t. 49. T. cimeifolia, Am. iik 
Wight Ic. t. 1055 5 Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 67. T. gonoclada and T. ephedro- 
ides, Jaub. ^ Spaeh. III. t. 61 and 62. Hedysarum Gibsoni, Gi-ah. Cat. Bomb. 
PL 49. 

Plains of Scinde and the Punjab. — Distrib. Afghanistan, Orient. 

A copiously- branched undershrub, 1-2 ft. high, with slender finely canescent 
terete branches. Leaves shortly petioled, usually 3-foliolate; leaflets very variable in 
size, \-\ in. long, obovate-oblong or nearly rouEd, thick, pale green, thinly canescent 
beneath, the side ones not opposite ; stipules free, minute, lanceolate, scariose. Racemes 
few- or many-flowered, usually exceeding the leaves. Calyx ^-^ in., thinly silky. 
Corolla red, glabrous, |-^ in. Joints of pod 1-4, roundish. 

29. BBZSNUS, Linn. 

Villous herbs or undershrubs. Leaves odd-pinnate ; leaflets entire, exsti- 
pellate ; petiole often spinose. Flowers red, in dense pedimcled axiUary spikes. 
Calyx-teeth 5, subequal, setaceous, plumose, exceeding the tube. Corolla much 
shorter than the calyx ; standard broad ; keel obtuse, as long as standard ; wings 
short. Stamens monadelphous, the upper free at the base ; anthers uniform. 
Ovary sessile, 1-ovulate ; style fidiform, incurved, stigma capitate. Pod flat, 
oblong, included in the calyx-tube, membranous, indehiscent. — Distrib. Species 
8, Oriental and Mediterranean. 

1. E. Btellata, Boiss. Diag. ii. 100 ; Fl. Orient, ii. 557. E. tragacan- 



Ehenus."] l. leguminosj;. (J. G. Baker.) 141 

thoides; Jaub. 8r Spach. III. iii. 68, t. 254. E. horrida and femiginea, Jaub. ^ 
Spach. III. p. 169-160. 

Punjab-Himalaya, alt. 4-8000 ft., Stewart. — Distrib. Persia, Afghanistan, Beloo- 
chistan. 

Alow undershrub, densely armed with woody erecto-patent spines 1-1^ in. long. 
Leaves shorter than the spines, digitately trifoliolate ; leaflets lanceolate, subcoriaceous, 
sericeous, i-| in. long. Flowers sessile in dense stalked heads, on peduncles at most 
as long as the spines, each head surrounded by a whorl of large lanceolate bracts. 
Calyx ^ in., densely clothed with long brown silky hairs. 

30. CSZSSAPSZS, W. & A. 

Annuals. Leaves with two pairs of leaflets. Floicers in terminal racemes, 
with large membranous persistent veined ciliated persistent bracts. Calyx deeply 
2-lipped ; upper lip entire, lower obscurely toothed. Corolla 2-3 times calyx ; 
standard roundish ; keel obtuse. Stamens monadelphous ; anthers uniform. 
Ovary short-stalked, biovulate ; style incurved, stigma minute capitate. Joints 
of pod 1-2, turgid in the middle, with a distinct flat border, reticulately- veined, 
1-seeded, indehiscent. — Distrib. Sp. 3, the other Trop. African. 

1. G-. crlatata, W. ^ A. Prodr. 218 ; flowers not more than ^ as long 
as the long-bristled bracts. Balz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. Q2. Zornia disperma, Grah. 
in Wall. Cat. 5663. Hedysarum bijugum, Klein MSS. 

Plains of Western Peninsula, Ceylon, Ava, INIartaban, Tenasserim, and 
Pegu. 

A densely csespitose trailing annual, with slender naked branches ^2 ft. long. 
Leaves petioled, with a very short rachis; leaflets obovate, oblique, glabrous, truncate, 
\-^ in. long ; stipules lanceolate, membranous, distinctly spurred. Heads dense, ter- 
minal, ^-2 in. long ; bracts much imbricated, ^ in. broad, reniform, ciliated with firm 
yellow bristles ^ in. long. Calyx ^ in. long Corolla twice the calyx. Joints 1-2, 
\ in. long. 

2. G. t^nella, Benth, in Hohen. PL Ind. Or. No. 659 ; flowers nearly or 
quite as long as the short-bristled bracts. 

Western Peninsula. 

Habit of the last, but much smaller. Leaflets all four nearly from the same 
point, i-^ in. long, obliquely obovate, truncate, glabrous. Racemes copious, termi- 
nal, peduncled, 4-12-flowered ; bracts obliquely oblong, less imbricated, |-| in. broad, 
strongly veined, ciliato-denticulate. Calyx ^ in., deeply cleft. Coro//a yellow, ^ in., 
Joints 1-2, with a fiat edge, round, with a turgid centre. 

31. ONOBRYCKZS, Gaertn. 

Herbs. Leaves numerous, odd-pinnate, exstipellate. Flowers nimierous, red, 
in long-peduncled axillary racemes. Calyx-tube campanulate ; teeth 6, dis- 
tinct. Corolla much exserted ; standard broad ; wings short ; keel obtuse. 
Stamens monadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile, l-2-ovulat« ; style 
filiform, inciu-ved, stigma terminal minute. I^od compressed, reniform, inde- 
hiscent, 1-2-seeded, alveolate or echinate. — Distrib. bpecies about 50, Euro- 
pean and Oriental. 

1. O. Stewartll, Baker. 

Punjab ; Hazara, Dr. Stewart. Rawul Pindee. Br. Aitchison. 

Stems slender, 1^2 ft., glabrescent. Zea/-rachis 3-4 in. long, including distinct 



142 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G, Baker.) [Lespedeza. 

petiole; leaflets 9-11, oblanceolate, subacute, distant, ^-| in. long, obscurely canes- 
cent ; stipules linear, minute. Eacemes long-peduncled, 6-9 in. long, lax ; buds 
crowded ; pedicels very short ; bracts linear, minute. Calyx campanulate, -^ in., 
silky ; teeth lanceolate. Corolla 3-4 times calyx ; standard glabrous, A'eined. Pod 
reniform, turgid, i-i in., 1 -seeded; faces woody, deeply alveolate ; edge muricated 
•with close minute spines. A second species, of which we have a scrap from Hazara, 
gathered by Winterbottom, with oblong obtuse leaflets and a much larger calyx and 
corolla agrees, as far as the material goes, with 0. heterophylla^ C. A. Meyer ; Led. 
Fl. Eoss, i. 711, from Persia and the Caucasus. 

32. Z.X:SPEDEZA,Micli. 

Herbs or imdershrubs. Leaves exstipellate, trifoliolate. Flowei's copious, in 
racemes, or crowded in tl^^ leaf-axils. Calyx-tube campanulate ; teeth lan- 
ceolate or linear. Corolla exserted ; standard broad ; keel obtuse or acute. 
Staments diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile or stipitate, 1-ovulate ; 
style long, filiform, incurved ; stigma minute, terminal. Pod small, oblong, com- 
pressed, 1-seeded, reticulato-venose, indehiscent. — Distrib. Species 20-25, the 
others Siberian, Chinese, Japanese, and N. American, one Javan. Monogi-aphed 
lately by Maximowicz. 

Sttbgen. Ziulespedeza. Keel obtuse, not mucli incurved. 

1. Zi. sericea, Miq. Ann. Mus. Lug. Bat. iii. 49 : petiole short, leaflets 
small linear-cuneate 4-6 times as long as broad grey- or white silky beneath, 
flowers 2-4 congested in the leaf-axils, pod small sessile. Hedysarum sericeum, 
Thunh. Jap. 289. Aspalathus cuneata, Don Prodr. 246. L. cuneata, G. Don, 
Gen. Syst. ii. 307. Anthyllis cuneata, Dum. Bot. Cult. vi. 100. L. juncea, 
Wall. Cat. 5743; DC. P'odr. ii. 348 in part, non Pars. L. argjTsea, Sieb. at 
Zmc. Abh. vi. 2, 120. 

Along the Himalayas from Hazara and Kashmir to Assam, alt. 3-8000 ft. — 
Distrib. China, Japan, N. Australia. 

An erect undershrub, 2-3 ft. high, with tough long slender branches. Leaves 
ascending, crowded ; leaflets 5—^ in. long, rigidly coriaceous, truncate or emarginate, 
narrowed gradually in the lower half, very variable in vestiture, usually glabrous 
above, clothed with adpressed grey or white silky hairs below, rarely both sides clothed 
with loose white pubescence ; petiole | in. Flowers 2-4, on short pedicels in the axils all 
down the branch; bracteoles linear, minute. Calyx J^— ^ in-> canescent ; teeth linear- 
subulate, very long. Corolla twice the calyx, white, tinged with purple. Pod ^ in., 
thinly silky ; style twice its length, 

2. Zi. juncea, Pens. Dnch. ii. 318 ; petiole short, leaflets small oblanceolate 
3-4 times as long as broad thinly grey-silky beneath, flowers 2-6 in umbels sessile 
or shortly peduncled in the leaf-axils, corolla small, pod small sessile. DC. 
Prodr. ii."^ 348 in part, non Wall. Hedysarum junceum, Linn. Jil. Dec. i. t. 4. 
L. variegata and L. kanaorensis, Camb. in Jacque^n. Voy. Bot. 42, t. 50, 51. 

Kashmir and Kttnawar, temperate region, alt. 4-8000 ft. — Distrib. Siberia, North 
China, 

Stem.<i slender, 1-2 ft. high, finely downy, erect or decumbent. Leaves not nearly 
80 crowded as in the last ; leaflets ^— f in. long, rigidly subcoriaceous, obtuse, narrowed 
gradually in the lower half ; petioles \-\ in. Umbels usually sessile, produced far 
down the branches. Ca^?/a- 1-^ in., canescent; teeth linear-setaceous, 3-4 times the 
tube. Corolla twice the calyx. Pod and style as in L. sericea. 

3. Zi. G-erardiana, Grah. %n Wall. Cat. 674A ; petiole short, leaflets ob- 



Lespedeza.'] l. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 143 

lanceolate grey-silky below, umbels sessile or short-peduncled in the axils of 
the leaves, corolla large, pod small sessile. 

Along the Himalayas, temperate region, alt. 5-10,000 ft.; Simia and Kumaon 

to SiKKIM. 

Stems 1-3 ft., densely pubescent. Leaves moderately close, ascending ; leaflets 
i— f in. long, rigidly coriaceous, glabrescent on the upper side, densely grey-silky be- 
low ; petioles l-\ in. Umbels i-S-Qowaved, usually sessile ; bracteoles linear, half as 
long as the calyx. Cali/x ^ in., densely pubescent ; teeth linear-subulate, 2-3 times 
the tube. Corolla |-i in. ; keel tipped with purple. Pod considerably shorter than the 
calyx. 

4. Ii. eleg'ans, Camb. in Jacquem. Voy. Bat. 43, t. 52 ; upper leaves 
suppressed, petiole produced, leaflets oblong grey-silky beneath, umbels sessile, 
pod small sessile. Maxim. St/nap. Gen. Lesp. 40. 

Kashmir, temperate region, alt. 5-6000 ft., Jacquemont, Tho^nson. 

Stems 2-3 ft., finely downy. Petiole ^-f in. ; leaflets |-^ in. long, obtuse, gla« 
brescent above, densely grey-silky beneath. Flowers 6-8, in sessile umbels, rarely in 
short racemes, reaching low down the branches and forming at the top a close leafless 
panicle. Calyx ^\ in., densely pubescent; teeth linear-subulate, very long. Corolla 
half as long again as the calyx. Pod ^ in. long, oblong, downy. 

6. Zi. elliptica, Benth. Cat. Griff. PL No. 1745; petiole produced, leaflets 
large obovate-oblong thinly grey-canescent beneath, flovt^ers in peduncled racemes 
the upper panicled, pod stipitate exserted. Maxim. Synops. Gen. Lesp. 27. 

Khasta, temperate region, alt. 5-6000 ft., Griffith, Hook. fit. and Thorjison. 

Sterna woody, reaching several feet high, finely pubescent. Leaves not crowded ; 
leaflets subcoriaceous, l-l^- in. long, obtuse, green, glabrous above, grey, finely downy 
below; petiole 1-H in. Racemes many-flowered, close or lax, the peduncles some- 
times as long as the leaves ; pedicels shorter than the calyx ; bracteoles linear, as lono- 
as the tube. Calyx ^-\ in., densely canescent ; teeth lanceolate, acute, twice as long 
as the tube. Corolla deep red, twice as long as the calyx. Pod oblong, \ in. long, 
finely downy, distinctly stalked. — Very near the common East Asian L. bicolor, Turcz! 
Led. Fl. Ross. i. 715 {L. viatorum, Champion), from which it diflfers mainly by its long 
acute calyx-teeth. 

6. Xi. tomentosa, Sieb. ; Maxim. Synops. 50 ; petiole short, leaflets large 
obovate-oblong densely downy beneath, flowers in peduncled racemes, pod sessile 
included. Hedysarum tomentosum, TAwni. i^/. Jo/?. 286. L.glomerata, ^orwe/n : 
DC. JProdr. ii. 350. 

Western Himalaya, temperate region, alt. 6-7000 ft., Edgeworth. — Distrib. 
China, Japan, Korea. 

Stems 2-3 ft., erect, densely pubescent. Leaves distant; leaflets 1-2 in. long, ob- 
tuse, thick, subcoriaceous, at first thinly silky above, densely silky, and the veins raised 
beneath ; petioles 1-^ in. ; stipules subulate, persistent. Racemes distinctly peduncled, 
2-4in. long, moderately close, rarely congested, sessile (L. glomerata, Horn.) ; pedicels 
very short. Ca^^o* ^-i in., densely pubescent ; teeth lineiir-subulate, 3-4 times the 
tube. Corolla whitish, half as long again as the calyx ; standard not longer than the 
wings and keel. Pod shorter than the calyx, oblong, pubescent. — Very near L. hirta, 
Elliott, of North America. 

Sfbgen. Oxyramplils, Wall. Keel acute and much incurved, like that 
of a Orotalaria. (Campylotropis, Bunge.) 

7. Zi. macroBtyla, Baker ; petiole short, leaves small thinly clothed be- 



144 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Lespedezn,. 

neatli with whitish silky hairs, calyx and large pod densely clothed "with 
spreading- hairs. Oxyramphis sericea, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5349. Lespedeza 
sericea, Boyle MSS. non Miguel. Crotalaria macrostyla, Don Prodr. 242. Oxy- 
ramphis macrostyla, Wall. Cat. 5348, non Lindley. L. Royleana, Miquel Ann. 
Mus. Lug. Bat., iii. 50. 0. stenocarpa, Klotzsch Beise Pi-. Wald. Bot. 158, 
t. 1, fig. 2. 

Himalayas, tropical and temperate zones, alt. 2-7000 ft. ; Simla and Gxtrwhal 
to Khasia. 

An undershrub, 3-4 ft. high, with woody densely pubescent branches. Petiole 
^\ in. ; leaflets obovate-cuneate, rigidly subcoriaceous, ^ in. long, grey, glabres- 
cent, venose above, usually persistently silky, rarely {0. macrostyla. Wall.) subgla- 
brescent below, broadly rounded, sometimes deeply emarginate at the point, the petio- 
lule of the end one not more than \ in. Bacemes short, dense, many-flowered, catkin 
like when unexpanded, the silky ovate bracts hiding the buds ; pedicels |-|- in., 
densely silky. Calyx i in. ; teeth lanceolate, twice the tube. Corolla deep red, three 
times the calyx. Pod short-stalked, |-|^ in. long, narrowed to both ends ; style per- 
sistent, ^ in. long, densely plumose in the lower half. 

8. Zi. erlocarpa, DC. P*rodr.. ii. 349; petiole produced, leaflets small 
thinly grey-canescent beneath, calyx and small pod clothed with ad pressed silky 
hairs. Oxyramphis virgata, Wall. Cat. 5350, O. macrostyla, Lindl. Bot. Beg. 
xxxii. t. 28, non Wall. L. paniculata, Boyle MSS. Desmodiimi angulatum, 
Wall. Cat. 5729 M. 

Himalayas, temperate and tropical zones, alt. 3-9000 ft. ; Hazaea and Kashmib 
to Khasia and Sikkim. 

A copiously-branched erect shrub, 3-4 ft. high, with slender silky angular fur- 
rowed branchlets. Petioles ^\^ in.; leaflets obovate-cuneate, ^-1 in. long, rigidly 
subcoriaceous, green, glabrous, reticulato-venose above, broadly rounded at the apex, the 
end one on a petiolule ^-^ in. long ; uppermost leaves reduced or suppressed. Bacemes 
copious, peduncled, not dense, many -flowered, 2-4 in. long; bracts not exceeding 
buds ; pedicels ^-^ in. Calyx §■ in ; teeth linear-subulate, twice the tube. Corolla 
deep purple-red, |-^ in. Pod \ in., long, minutely stalked, more coriaceous than in the 
last ; style as long as th'^ pod, slightly pubescent near the base. — L. paniculata, Koyle, 
is a mere form, with lax racemes and longer pedicels. 

9. I,, Tlioznsoni, Benth.^ MSS. ; petiole produced, leaflets large densely 
ai^enteo-canescent beneath, calyx and small pod finely grey-silky. 

Khasli, temperate region, alt. 5000 ft., Hk. fil. ^ Thomson, Lobh. 

Habit of the last, to which it is closely allied. Petiole 1-2 in. ; leaflets oblong, 
1-2 in. long, subcoriaceous, obtuse, green, glabrescent, less venose above. Upper 
leaves suppressed or much reduced, so that the racemes form a terminal panicle. 
Bracts ^ in., linear, subpersi stent, canescent on the back ; pedicels ^-^ in. Calyx ^ in. ; 
teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla | in., deep red. Pod ^\ in. long, shortly 
stipitate, finally glabrescent, subcoriaceous ; style \ in., not at all plumose. 

SPECIES UNKNOWN TO ME. 

L. DECORA, Kurz in Joiirn. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 42, 2, 231. An erect shrub, 
3-5 ft. high, with angular stems clothed with adpressed fulvous down. Stipules 
linear-subulate \ in. ; petiole 1-1^ in. ; leaflets obovate-oblong, obtuse vrith a mucro, 
chartaceous, 1-1^ in. long, glabrous and dark green above, glaucescent and faintly 
pubescent below. Bacemes short, but slender, fulvo-pubescent ; bracts ovate-lanceo- 
late, cuspidate, i in. long, persistent, glanduloso-pilose. Calyx \ in., fulvo-pubes- 
cent ; teeth ovate-acuminate. Corolla twice length of calyx, blue. Immature pod 
oblique ovoid, compressed, shortly sericeous. IVIabtaban, Kurz. 

L. PABViFLORA, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 42, 2, 231. A shrub, with 
angular silky branches. Stipules linear-subulate, \ in. ; petiole canescent, ^ in. ; 



Alhagi.'] l. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 145 

leaflets ovate-elliptic, ^-1 in. long, chartaceous, dark green and glabrous above, glau- 
cescent and pilose below. Bace7nes ixs^Whiry, stiff, fulvo-pubescent, twice as long as tile 
leaves ; bracts caducous ; pedicels very short. Calyx densely fulvo-pubescent, A in. • 
teeth subulate. Corolla scarcely twice as long as the calyx, probably blue. Im'mAture 
^od oblique ovoid acuminate, silky. Maktaban, Rev. F. Mason, ex Kurz loc. cit. 

I cannot separate from L. tomentoaa by the description L. jpinetorum, Kurz ia 
Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 42, 2, 231, from Martaban. 

33. AZ.KAGZ, Desv. 

Low shrub. Leaves simple. Floioers axillary. Calyx carapanulate ; teeth 5 
distinct, minute. Corolla exserted ; standard broad; keel obtuse. Stamens 
diadelphous; anthers uniform. Ovary linear, sessile, 6-8-ovulate; style fili- 
form, incurved ; stigma minute, capitate. Pod linear, subcontinuous or moni- 
liform ; jomts oblong, small, turgid, smooth.— Distrib. Species 1, spread from 
Songaria to Greece and Nubia. 

1. A. mauro'rum, Desv.; DC. Prodr. iii. 352; Wall. Cat 5760- 
W.8fA. Prodr. 232; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. Q7 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 558. 
A. napaulensium, DC. loc. cit. A. mannifera, Desv. ; Jaub. ^- Spach. HI. t. 401. 
Iledysarum Alhagi, Linn. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 344. Manna hebraica and nepa- 
lensis, Don Prodr. 247. ^ 

Pi>AiNS of the NoETH West Provinces, Upper Ganges and Coxcak, ascending to 
3000 ft. on the Kishengunga. 

A low shrub, armed with copious subpatent hard pungent spines ^1 in. long. 
Leaves simple, drooping from the base of the spines or branches, oblong, obtuse, 
rigidly coriaceous, glabrous. Flowers 1-6 from a spine, on short pedicels. Calyx 
glabrous, ^^-^ in. Corolla reddish, 3 times the calyx. Pod 1 in. long or less, falcate 
or straight. 

34. KSDVSARUnX, Linn. 

Herbs. Leaves niunerous, odd-pinnate, exstipellate. Flmvers usually red, 
in copious long-peduncled axillary racemes. Calyx-tube campauulate or 
tubular ; teeth 5, distinct, long or short. Corolla much exserted ; petals 
unequal in relative proportion in the different species ; Iceel obtuse. Stamens 
diadelphous; anthers uniform. Ovary linear, stalked, few-ovuled ; style very 
long, filiform, abruptly inflexed, stigma minute terminal. Pod of 1-3 flattened 
indehiscent joints, in our species not muricated, but reticidately veined on the 

faces, the sutm'es usually furnished with acute entire or toothed borders. 

Distrib. Species about 50, spread through the North Temperate zone. 

* • 

* Calyx-teeth equalliny or exceeding the tube. 

1. K. kumaonense, Benth.MSS.; stemless, leaflets small subcoriacoous 
obovate-oblong-, bracts lanceolate, joints small firm turgid, sutures not bordered. 

KuMAON, temperate region, alt. 9000 ft., Straclicy and Wiutcrbottorii. 

Leaves and peduncles in a dense rosette from a thick woody rhizome. Leaf-TMAxxao^ 
4-6 in. long, including distinct petiole; le;illets IT-'-T), ^-ij in. long, obtuse, with a 
mucro, dark green, glabrous above, pah' grey with adprcssetl silky hairs behiAv ; veins 
distinct. Injiorcscence seen only in a late stage; pedicels very short. Calyx ^-r|- m. ; 
teeth setaceous, from :i lanceolate base, exceeding tube. Corolla {'-^ in. Joints of 
pod solitary in the specimens seen, rather downy, oblong, under ^ in. long. 

2. K. sikkimense, Benth. MSS. ; stem dwarf, leaflets small linrar- 
oblong subcoriaceous, standard and wings shorter than the keel, joints laro-e 
membranous with toothed borders. 



146 L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) [Hedysanim, 

SiKKiM, alpine region, alt. 12-16,000 ft., Hook.JU. 

Stems slender, at first slightly downy, ^ ft. or less high, Leaf-mchis 2-3 in. long ; 
leaflets 21-27, \—k in. long, obtuse, glabrous above, obscurely pubescent with raised 
veins below. Heads dense, 1-2 in. long in flower ; bracts linear, minute. Calpx 
pubescent, ^ in. ; teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla bright red, ^-^ in. 
Joints of pod 1-3, roundish or oblong, ^ in. long ; sutures irregularly faintly' eroso- 
dentate. 

3. H, Falconeri, Baker ; caulescent, rohust, leaflets large subcoriaceous 
ovate-oblong, keel and standard equal, joints large membranous with toothed 
borders. 

West Tibet, temperate region. Dr. Falconer. 

Stems 1|— 2 ft. high, slender, firm, sulcate, glabrous. Leaf-rsichises 6-9 in. long; 
leaflets 13-19, distant, f-l^ in. long, obtuse, glabrous, full green above, grey-green, 
obscurely canescent with prominent veins below. Flower-r-Aceiaes 3-4 in. long, 
moderately close ; bracts setaceous, very small ; pedicel as long as the calyx. Calyx 
^ in. long ; teeth setaceous, as long as the tube. Corolla |-^ in. Joints oblong, 
glabrous, | in. long, thin, with broad irregularly eroso-dentate borders. 

4. K. astray aloides, Benth. MSS. ; caulescent, robust, leaflets large 
membranous linear-oblong, corolla yellowish, keel exceeding the standard, joints 
large membranous with crisped borders. 

KiSHTWAB, alpine zone, alt. 11-12,000 ft., Thomson. Lahux, JaeschJce. 

Stems robust, erect, 2 ft. high, densely canescent at first. Leaf-vsLch\ses 4-8 in. 
long ; leaflets 21-29, not at all coriaceous, obtuse, with a minute mucro, |-1 in. long, 
glabrescent above, persistently grey-canescent below. Flower-Teicemes very dense, 
2-3 in. long, the linear scariose bracts protruding beyond the buds ; pedicels shorter 
than calyx. Calyx ^ in., finely silky ; teeth exceeding the tube. Pod distinctly 
stalked ; joints 1-2, oblong, with a distinct rather crisped wing on the lower side and 
an obscure one on the upper. 

5. K. caclieinirianuin, Benth. MSS. ; caulescent, robust, leaflets 
large membranous linear-oblong, corolla red, standard exceeding wings and 
keel, joints large membranous with entire borders. 

Kashmir, temperate region, alt. 9-10,000 ft., Thomson, Falconer, Winterbottom. 

Stem 1^2 ft. high, erect, glabrous, many -grooved. im/-rachises ^1 ft. long ; 
leaflets 21-27, thin, obtuse, f-lj in. long; both sides green, glabrescent, concolorous. 
Eacemes very dense, 2-3 in. long in flower, the linear setaceous bracts protruding 
beyond the buds ; pedicels very short. Calyx downy, | in. ; teeth as long as the 
tube. Corolla -^--1 in. long. Joints 1-3, glabrous, oblong, h-% in. long ; both sutures 
with a distinct entire wing. 

*^ Calyx-teeth shorter than the tube. 

6. K. laxiflorum, Benth. MSS. ; stems slender, leaflets subcoriaceous, 
bracts minute setaceous, keel exceeding wings and standard, joints small entire 
not bordered. 

West Himalaya, temperate or alpine region. West Tibet, Falconer. Valley of 
Kishengunga, Winterbottom. 

Stems \\-2 it. \\\^h., firm,, slender, glabrous. /y^<7/-rachis 3-/) in. long; leaflets 
21-31, close, firm, linear-oblong, ^-| in. long, green. glal)rous above, grey, obscurely 
canescent with raised veins below. Racemes lax, 2-3 in. long in flower ; pedicels as 
long as the calyx, finely downy. Calyx ^ in. ; upper teeth deltoid, lower lanceolate. 
Corolla ^-f in. Joints 3-4, oblong, firm, glabrous, rather turgid, not more than ^ in. 
long. 

7. B. strobiliferum, Baker ; stems robust, leaflets membranous, bracts 
large ovate-acuminate, corolla under twice the calyx, its petals equal. 



Sedijsarum.l l. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 147 

Kashmir, temperate region, Falconer. 

Stems above a foot high, densely clothed with short adpressed whitish hairs. Lenf- 
rachises 6-8 in. long; leaflets 19-25, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, 1-1^ in. long, flexible, 
glabrescent above, thinly white-silky beneath. Racemes dense, 2-3 in. long ; the 
buds quite hidden by the imbricated scariose ciliated bracts ; pedicels very short. 
Calyx tubular, \-\ in. long ; teeth deltoid-cuspidate, not more than \--^ tube. Corolla 
yellowish, under ^ in. long. Pod unknown. 

8. K. mlcrocalyic, Baker-, stems robust, leaflets large membranous, 
bracts linear minute, corolla several times calyx, keel exceeding standard, joints 
large membranous entire. 

"West Himalayas, temperate region ; Gxjewhal, Falconer ; Kashmir, Lance ; 
Lahul, Jaeschke. 

Stejns 1^2 ft. high, stout, sulcate, glabrous. im/-rachises 6-9 in. long; leaflets 
11-13, distant, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse or subacute, 1-H in. long; both sides 
green, glabrous. Flower-isicemes 2-4 in. long, lax ; pedicels ^-| in. long, grey- 
pubescent, Calt/x ^ in., campanulate, membranous, glabrous ; teeth minute, deltoid- 
cuspidate. Corolla bright red, |-3 in. Joints 2-3, oblong, ^-^ in. long, thin, 
glabrous, the sutures both distinctly margined. 



35. STRACKSVA, Benth. 

A tufted low shrub. Leaves odd-pinnate. Floicers axillary. Calyx-tube 
turbinate ; teeth 5, lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla much exserted • 
standard broad ; keel as long as the other petals, incurved and obtuse at the tip! 
Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovarij linear, sessile, few-ovuled • style 
long, filiform, abruptly incurved, stigma minute capitate. Pod flat, not visibly 
jointed, muricated along the edge and face and marked with conspicuous trans- 
verse veins. — Distrib. A single endemic species. 

1. S. tibetica, Benth. in Hook. Kew Journ. v. 306 ; TFaZ/?. Ann. iv. 645. 

Tibetan Himalayas, alpine region, from Pangong eastward to East Nipal 
alt. 14-17,000 ft., Thomson, Strachey ^ Winterbottom, ^c. - t~ » 

Stems densely tufted, from a slender woody rootstock, the leaves and peduncles 
in a rosette at the surface. Leaves odd-pinnate; leaflets 11-15, oblong, obtuse, 
faintly hairy; leaf-rachis 2-4 in. long, including a distinct petiole, articulated at the 
nodes. Flowers 1-5, shortly pedicellate, on very short peduncles ; bracts lanceolate, 
silky. Calyx \ in., densely pubescent. Corolla ^| in., reddish, glabrous. Pod 
glabrous, membranous, 1 in. long. 

36. ZORNZA, Gmel. 

Annuals, with large geminate coriaceous bracts and dotted le<aflets in 1-2 
opposite pairs. Floivers in lax racemes. Calyx minute ; upper teeth short 
connate •, lowest shorter than the two middle ones. Corolla much exserted • 
standard broad ; keel incurved, acute. Stamens monadelphous ; anthers dimor- 
phous. Ovary sessile, many-ovuled ; style filiform, incurved, stigma minute 
capitate. Pod of several small round flattened flliely muricated 1-seeded iude- 
hiscent joints. — Distrib. Species 10, all but two American. 

1. Z. diphylla, Pers. ; Benth. in Mart. Fl. Bras. xv. 80, t. 21-i'. 

Hedysarum diphyllum, Linn. ; Iloxh. i'7. Ind. iii. 353. Z. angustifolia, Smith ■ 
DC.Prodr. ii. 310; Wall. Cat. 5000; W. Sf A. Prodr. 217; JDalz. c^- Gih<>. 
Bomb. Fl. 62. Z. dictyocarpa, DC. Prodr. ii. 317. Z. pibbosa and graiiiineii, 
Spanofjhe in Linnmi, xv. 192. — RJieede llort. Mai. is., i. fc>i-3. 



148 L. LEGUMiNOSiE, (J. G. Baker.) [Zornia, 

Plains from the Himalayas to Cevxon" and Birma, ascending to 4000 ft. in 
KuMAON. — DisTRiB. Everywhere in the Tropics. 

Stems wiry, densely csespitose. Leaves petioled ; leaflets lanceolate, acute, glabrous, 
rigidly coriaceous, ^-1 in. long, dotted with black glands ; stipules lanceolate, with a 
long spur. Racemes 1-3 in. long, 3-12-flowered ; bracts ovate, acute, nearly or quite 
hiding the flower and pod. Joints 2-6, under ~ in., densely prickly. 

Vae. 1. zeylonensis ; leaflets ovate, pod much longer than the bracts, joints 
twice as large densely bristly. Z. zeylonensis, Pers. ; DC, Prodr. ii. 317 ; Wall. Cat. 
5661; W. ^ A. Prodr. 211 ; Balz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 62. Z. conjugata. Smith in 
Bees, Cyclop. ; Thwaites Enum. 85. Hedysarum conjugatum, Willd. Sp. PL iii. 1178. 
Plains of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

Var. 2. Walkeri (Arn. Pugill. 12, sp.) ; leaflets oblong ^-1 in. long, bracts 
downy at the edge, pod scarcely exserted from the bracts, joints small reticulato- 
venose with only a few small bristles near the edge. Walp. Rep. i. 726 ;• 27iwaite$: 
Enum, 85. — Ceylon, Walker, Thwaites. 



37. STYXiOSAMTSES, Sw, 

Undershrubs. Leaves rigid, pinuately 3-foliolate Flowers inconspicuous, 
in small dense beads. Cali/x with an elongated filiform tube, and 5 teeth, 
of which the upper 4 are subconnate. Flowers polygamous, the fertile 
ones often apetalous. Petals inserted at the throat of the calyx-tube ; standard 
orbicular; keel subrostrate. ^Si^flrwieTi^ monadelphous ; anthers dimorphous. Ovary 
subsessile at the base of the calyx-tube ; style long, filiform, the lower part per- 
sistent, stigma minute capitate. Pod with 1-2 flattened rugose joints. — 
DiSTRiB. Species about 15. Cosmopolitan, tropical. 

I. S. mucronata, Willd.-, DC. Prodr. ii. 318; Wall Cat. 5664; 
W. ^A. P'odr. 218; Bedd. Ic. PL Lnd. Or. t. 294. Arachis fruticosa, Retz. ; 
Roxh. Hort. Peng. 54 ; Fl. Lnd. iii. 282. Hedysariun hamatum, Burm. Fl. 
Lnd. 167 ; FL ZeyL t. 106, fig. 2. 

Shores of Western Peninsula and Ceylon. — Distrib. Cape, Trop. Africa, Malay 
isles. 

A low diffuse undershrub, with terete pubescent branches. Stipules scariose, 
adnate do-wnwards to the petiole ; leaflets \-^ in. long, pale green, rigidly coriaceous, 
oblong or lanceolate ; under-side a little pubescent at first. Flowers 1 or fe-w, in 
sessile terminal heads ; bracts persistent, striated, pubescent. Corolla ^ in., exserted. 
Pod 1-2-jointed, tipped -with the falcate indurated lower part of the style. 



38. SMZTKXA, Ait. 

Herbs or undershrubs. Leajlets many, small, sensitive, leaf-racliis ending 
in a bristle ; stipules scariose, with large auricles. Flovjers racemose or axil- 
lary. Calyx deeply 2-lipped, the lips usually entire. Corolla exserted ; stan- 
dard orbicular ; keel incurved, obtuse. Stamem in two bundles of 5 each ; anthers 
uniform. Ovary linear, many-ovuled ; style inciu-ved, filiform, stigma minute 
capitate. Pod of few or many minute flattened or turgid joints, folded together 
inside the calyx. — DisfRrB. Species 20-30, spread through the tropics of the old 
-world. 

* Calyx rigid, its veins close, j^arallel, simple. 

1. S. sensitiva, Ait.; DC. Prodr. ii. 323; stems not bristly, leaflets 
small 4-20, flowers in short simple racemes, calyx-lips equal, corolla yellow. 
Moxh. Hoit. Bmg. 56 ; FL Lnd. iii. 342 ; Salish. Par. t. 92 ; Wall. Cat. 5668, ex 



Smithia.'] L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 140 

parte ; W. ^- A. Prodr. 220, e.v parte ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. G3. S. abyssinica, 
Hochst. in Scht7np. Fl. Abyss. 1838. 

Himalayas to Travancorb and Rangoon, ascending to 3000 ft. in Khasia. — 
DiSTRiB. Madagascar, Abyssinia, Java, China. 

Annual, ^3 ft. high. Stems very slender, much branched. i€rt/-rachi8 bristly, 
i-1 in. long; leaflets \-^ in. long, with subparallel edges, bristly mainly on the mi- 
drib below. Flowers 1-0, in close short-peduncled racemes from the axils of the upper 
leaA-es ; pedicels short, ascending. Calyx \-^ in. long ; lips acute, entire, with a few 
short deciduous scattered bristles. Joints 4-6, densely papillose on the faces. 

2. S. gremlniflora, Roth; DC. Prodr. ii. 323; stems not bristly, 
leaflets small 4-12, flowers in pairs in the axils of the leaves, calyx-lips equal, 
corolla yellow. S. sensitiva. Wall, et W. 4" A. loc. cit. ex parte. 

Himalayas (ascending to 1-3000 ft.) to Ceylon and Tavoy. — Distrib. Java, N. 
Australia. 

General habit of the last. Leaflets obtuse, with parallel sides, \-^ in. long, the 
bristles of the edge and midrib more copious and longer. Calyx \ in., with a few 
deciduous bristles ; both lips entire, acute. Corolla about twice the calyx. Joints 
4-6, very turgid and papillose. 

Var. 1. covferta; upper nodes congested into dense heads, leaves and calyx more 
bristly. S. conferta, /S'w. ; DC. loc. cit. S. capitata, Besv. Journ. Bot. i. 121, non 
Dalz. S. hispidissima, Zolling. Geneesk. Arch. iii. 66. 

3. S. purpurea, Hook. Bot. Mag. t. 4283; stems not bristly, leaflets 
small 12-24, flowers in sublax peduncled axillary racemes, lower calyx-lip 
shorter, corolla purple. S. laxiflora, Benth. Fl. Jungh. 211. 

Plains of Concan. 

Annual. Stems very slender, ^-2 ft. high. i«a/-rachi8 1-2 in. long ; leaflets 
linear, |-| in. long, tipped with a long awn and furnished with a few bristles on the 
rachis and oblique midrib. Flowers 6-12, in copious short-peduncled secund racemes 
from the axils of the upper leaves ; pedicels cernuous ; bracteoles acute or obtuse, 
^\ calyx. Calyx \-\ in. long ; upper lip obtuse, recurved, lower subacute, both with- 
out bristles. Corolla little exserted. Joints of pod 10-12, reticulato-venose, • not 
papillose. 

4. S. Betulosa, Dalz. in Kew Journ. iii. 208; stems densely bristly, leaflets 
large 10-12, flowers in copiously panicled secund racemes, lower calvx-lip shorter, 
corolla yellow. Dalz. Sf Gibs. Bomb. Flora, 63 ; Bedd. Ic. Fl. Ink. Or. i. 243. 

Plains of Concan, Stocks, Dalzell. 

A robust annual, 2-4 ft. high, the stems densely clothed throughout with deflexed 
bristles. Leaflets linear, f-l|in. long, with a few bristles in the edge and subcentric 
midrib. Racemes 1-2 in. long, dichotomously forked, forming a long thyrsoid panicle, 
only the lowest subtended by a leaf ; pedicels ascending, Calvx 3 in. long, densely 
clothed with minute bristles ; upper lip broad, obtuse, reciu*ved ; lower much smaller, 
lanceolate, acute. Corolla twice the calyx. Johits 10-12, reticulato-venose, not pa- 
pillose. 

** Calyx memh-anous, its veins not so close and distinctly anastomosing. 

5. S. blgrexnlna, Da/s. iw Xe?c7 Joum. iii. 208; stems minutely bristly, 
leaflets 4, flowers in short axillary racemes, bracteoles minute, joints C-8 
echinulate. Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. Flora, 04. 

Plains of Concan, Stocks, Balzcll ; Dekkan, near Poonah, Jacqttemont. 
Annual, very diffuse, with very slender stems, 1 ft. or less high. Leaf-nchiB I in. 
long; leaflets membranous, oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse, |-^ in. long, minutely bristly 



150 L. LEGUMINOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Smitliia. 

on the back and edge. Flowers i-6, in copious short-pediinclcd racemes; Lracteoles 
linear, g the calyx. Ca/^x J in., turbinate, densely bristle-ciliated; lips equal, upper 
truncate. Corolla yellow, twice the calyx. 

6. S. gracilis, Benth. m Hohen. PL Ind. Or. Exsic. No. 1182 ; stems 
naked or minutely bristly, leaflets 4-6, flowers in short axillary i-acemes, brac- 
teoles minute, joints Q-^ reticulato-venose. Benth. PL Jungh. 212. 

NiLGHiEis, Schmidt, Wight. 

A difluse, very slender, perennial, -with the general habit and inflorescence of 
/S. higemina. Leaflets obovate-oblong, 5— f in., minutely bristly. Calyx \ in., densely 
ciliated with minute bristles ; lips equal, narrower than in the last, the lower acute ; 
bracteoles linear. Corolla bright yellow, twice the calyx. Joints distinctly veined, 
not at all echinulate as in S. bigemina. 

7. S. ciliata, RoijU HL 201 t. 35, fig. 2 ; stems not bristly, leaflets 6-16, 
flowers in dense axillary racemes, bracteoles large, joints 6-8 obscurely papillose. 
S. pumila, Rm/le MSS. ; W. db A. P?'odr. 220. 

Simla and Kumaon to Khasia and Sikxim, alt. 3-6000 ft. Parasnath in Behar. 

Annual. Stems slender, ^2 ft. high. Leaf-vachis ^-1 in. ; leaflets linear, ^— | in. 
long, obtuse, distinctly bristly on the edge and midrib below. Flowers up to a dozen 
in dense copious short -peduucled secund racemes ; bracteoles leafy, oblong, ciliated, 
nearly as long as calyx. Calyx \ in., densely bristly-ciliated; upper lip truncate, 
finally \ in. broad ; lower lanceolate. Corolla yellow, little exserted. 

8. S. capitata, Dalz. in Keiv Jouni. iii. 208 ; stems not bristly, leaflets 
20-30, flowers in globose terminal heads, bracteoles large, joints 5-6 smooth. 
Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Flora, 63, non Besv. ; Bedd. Ic. PL Ind. Or. t. 244. 

Western Pexinsula. 

An annual, 1-2 ft. high, with firm shrubby terete branches. ifrt/-rachis 
densely bristly, 1^-2 in. long ; leaflets linear, ^-f in. long, bristly on the back and 
edge. Flowers in a dense globose head 1 in. thick, at the end of each branch ; pedicels 
very short ; bracteoles oblong, membranous, bristle-tipped, nearly as long as the calyx. 
Calyx ^m. long; both lips 1)road, truncated, ciliated with long bristles. Corolla 
•purplish, much exserted. Joints neither venose, nor papillose. 

9. S. pycnantl&a, Benth. MSS. ; stems minutely bristly, leaflets 6-8, 
flowers in globose terminal heads, bracteoles minute, joints 5-6 venose. 

Concan-, Stocks, Law. 

An erect annual, ^-2 ft. high, the stem clothed densely with small bristles dilated 
at the base. Leaves distinctly petioled ; leaf-rachis i in. or less long, densely bristly; 
leaflets linear, f— | in. long, with a few minute yellow bristles in the back and edge. 
Heads 1 in. or more broad, formed of densely congested racemes ; pedicels shorter than 
the calyx; bracteoles half the calyx, obtuse. Calyx \\n., with copious sessile black 
glands and small yellow bristles on back and edge ; lips equal, truncate. Corolla 
yellow, half as long again as calyx. ■» 

10. S. dichotoma, JDalzell MSS. ; stems not bristh^, leaflets 4-6, racemes 
fonning a lax corymbose panicle, bracteoles minute, joints 10-12 papillose. S. 
blanda, Hohen. Plant. Ind. Or. JExsic. No. 146, non Wall. 

Western Peninsula. 

Stems annual, very slender, little branched, l-]i ft. high. ie«/-rachis | in. or less 
long ; leaflets membranous, oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse, ^— | in. long, not aristate, both 
sides without bristles. Lower racemes of the panicles 5-6-flowered, secund ; pedicels 
ascending, \-\ in. ; bracteoles linear, ^-\ calyx. Calyx membranous, | in. ; lower 
acute lip slightly longer than the broad truncate upper one. Corolla yellow, half as 
long again as the calyx. 



Smithia.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 151 

11. S. grandis, limth. MSS. ; stems rotust not bristly, leaflets 20-24, 
racemes forming a lax corymbose panicle, bracteoles \ calyx, joints 20-25 
veuose. 

Base of the Himalayas in Sikkim, Herb. Griffith, HooJc.fiL. 

Stems stout, erect, 3-4 ft. high. Leaf-Tixchia 2^3 in. long; leaflets linear, ol)tuse, 
without bristles, ^^ in. long; lower stipules 1 in. long. Raccyne.s subsecund, 6-12- 
flowered, forming a corymbose panicle i ft. broad ; pedicels erect, y-^ in. long, with a 
few deciduous bristles ; bracteoles :\ in., obtuse. Calyx ^ in. long; lips equal, trun- 
cate, obtuse, with only a few small bristles at first. Joints largest of all, ^V in. 
broad. 

12. S. blanda, Wall. Cat. 5GG9 ; stems densely bristly, leaflets C-10, 
racemes copiously panicled, bracteoles half as long as the calvx, joints 5-G reti- 
culated. W. Hf A. Proclr. 221 ; Wi(jht. Ic. t. 080 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 04. 

East Himalayas, tropical zone up to 4000 feet. East Bexgal, Nilghikis. 

Perennial, suflfruticose. Stems li-2 ft. high, the bristles very flense, spreading, 
fine, fragile. Xcoy-rachis under 1 in. long; leaflets firm, obtuse, bristle-tipped, }-,-^ in. 
long, with copious fine deciduous bristles on the rachis, edge and midrib. Racemes 
forming a dense terminal panicle, with corymbose branches; pedicels yV-^ in., densely 
bristly. Calyx ^-\ in., densely clothed with fine })ristles on back and edge ; lips 
equal ; upper broad, truncate. Corolla bright yellow, twice the calyx. Joints ^ in. 
broad. 

Var. 1. paniculata ; stems more slender, flowers fewer smaller crowded at the 
end of the peduncles. S. paniculata. Am. Pug. 12. — Hilly tracts of Ceylon, alt. 
2-7000 ft. 

Var. 2. racemosa ; annual, more slender and fugacious, leaflets more membran- 
ous, calyx ^^ in. long, corymbs formed of a few close subsecund racemes l-H in. 
long. S. racemosa, Heyne in Wall. Cat. 5670 ; W. S( A. Proclr. 221 ; Dale. ^- Gibs. 
Bomb. Fl. 63. S. hirsuta. Bah. in Kew Journ. iii. 135 ; Bah. cj- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 03. — 
Plains of Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 



80. J&SCKVNOZMCENZ2, Linn. 

Erect herbs or undershrubs. Leaves with very numerous close sensitive odd- 
pinnate small linear leaflets. Floiccrs in sparse racemes. Cab/.c deeply 2-lipped, 
the lips faintly toothed. Corolla fugacious ; standard orbicular ; keel not beaked. 
Stamens in two bundles of o each ; anthers uniform. Ovary stallied, linear, 
many-ovuled ; style filiform, inciu'ved, stigma terminal. Pod linear, witli a stalk- 
longer than the calyx and 4-8 flattened 1-seeded separating joints. — Distkib. 
Species about 30, spread everywhere in the tropics. 

1. in, indica, Linn.-, DC. Pi'odr. ii. 820; stems slender much branched, 
peduncles viscid, calyx and small corolla glabrous. W. cS* A. Prodr. 2l!> ; Jf7. 
Ic. t. 405 ; Balz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 02. yE. aspera, Wall. Cat. 5000, non Li>ni. 
yE. kashrairiana, Camb. in Jacquem. Voy. Bat. 40, t. 48. Iledysarum Xeli-Tali, 
Ro.vb. Ilort Benq. 57 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 805. yE. pumila, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 821. 
M. diffusa, 7rj7W. ; DC. Prodr. loc. cit. ; Wall. Cat. 5(505. yE. viscidula, Willd. 
Enum. 770. yE. Roxburgliii, Sprenq. Si/sf. iii. 822. Smithia aspera, Boxb., 
Hort.Beny. 50; Fl. Ind. iii. l^-i^j—Rheede Hort. Mai. ix. t. 18. 

Himalayas to Ceylon and Siam, ascending to 5000 ft. in Kashmir and 4000 ft. in 
KiJMAOx. — DisTRiB. Japan and everywhere in tropics of old world. 

A suffruticose annual, 1-3 ft. high, glabrous, pale green, with slender terete 
branches. Leaf-rachis 2-3 in. long; leaflets close, 41-61, linear, obtuse, l-nerved; 
stipules lanceolate, membranous, deciduous, with a hirge auricle. Flowers 1-4, in co- 
pious axillary racemes; peduncle and pedicels usually viscid; bracts small, lanceolate, 



162 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) IJSscliynom&ne. 

rigid, gland-ciliated. Calyx under | in. long. Corolla fugacious, twice the calyx. Pod 
1-1^ in. long, straight or rather curved ; upper suture straight, lower more or less dis- 
tinctly indented ; joints 6-10, ^-^ in. broad, smooth or finally papillose on the face. 

2; in. aspera, Linn.; DC. Frodr. ii. 320; stems robust simple or little- 
"branched, peduncles calyx and large corolla hispid. W. Sf A. Frodr. 219 ; Wt. 
Ic. t. 299. M. indica, TVall. Cat. 6667, non Linn. Hedysarum lagena- 
rium, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 57 ; FV. Ind. iii. 365. M. indica,-/3 aspera, Hassk. Fl. 
Jav. Far. 340. ^. trachyloba, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 276. 

Tropical Zone ; Bengal and Silhet to IVIalacca and Ceylon. — Distrib. Malay 
isles, Tropical Africa. 

A tall erect swamp species, with stout glabrous main stems, full of white pith. Sti- 
pules linear or lanceolate, auricled, deciduous ; leaf-rachis 3-6 in. long ; leaflets 
61-101, linear, obtuse, l-nerved. Eacemes cor3anbose, 2-4-flowered; pedicels and 
peduncles clothed with spreading bristles. Calyx | in., with a pair of round bracteoles. 
Corolla twice the calyx. Fod 2-2^ in. by ^ in. ; joints 3-6, smooth or echinate on the 
faces over the seeds. 

M. suRATTENSis, W. 4" A. Pvodr. 219, is altogether doubtful, the description being 
probably taken in part from Sesbania aculeata. 

40. OXIBKOCARPUBX, Beauv. 

Slirubs. Leaves with odd-pinnate exstipellate leaflets and persistent stiiated 
stipules and bracts. Floivers in lax racemes. Ca/y.i-tube campanulate ; 2 upper 
teeth deltoid ; 3 lower lanceolate. Standard broad ; keel much incurved, not at 
all beaked. Stamens in two bundles of 5 each ; anthers uniform. Ovary linear, 
few-ovuled ; style filiform, inflexed, stigma minute terminal. Fod of a few inde- 
hiscent tiu-gid linear or oblong joints, the lower seedless, the faces rugose, naked 
or muricated with weak gland-tipped prickles. — Disteib. Species 6, spread all 
roimd the world in the tropics. 

1. O. sennoides, DC. Frodr. ii. 315; Wall. Cat. 6658 ; W. 8> A. Frodr. 

216 ; Wt. Ic. t. 297. 0. coronilloides, G. Dm Gen. Syst. ii. 279. Hedysarum 
sennoides, Willd. ; Roxh. Hort. Beng. 67 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 364. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon. — Distrib. Siam, Philippines, Poly- 
nesia, Trop. Africa. 

A low shrub, with terete slender branches, the branchlets and leaf-rachis viscid. 
Leaflets 9-17, alternate, oblong, obtuse, membranous, deciduous. Flowers 2-6, in 
copious short-peduncled axillary corymbose racemes ; bracts spreading, minute, deltoid ; 
pedicels viscid, as long as calyx. Calyx -^- in. C&rolla yellow, much exserted. Pod -with 
2-4 joints, linear or oblong, ^—1 in. long, horizontally plicate, smooth or muricated. 



41. XiSPTODBSmXA, Benth. 

Difl\ise perennial herbs. Leaves simple or pinnately 3-foliolate, stipellate. 
Bracts large, imbricated. Floicers small, crowded in dense terminal racemose 
heads. Calyx with a very short tube, and 5 subequal setaceous teeth. Corolla 
minute, included ; standard broad ; keel obtuse. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers 
uniform. Ovary sessile, 1-ovuled ; style long, filiform, incurved, stigma capitate. 
Fod small, oblong, membranous, flattened, 1-seeded, opening widely along the 
ventral sutm'e. — Distrib. Two species, the other a plant of Madagascar. 

1. Zi. co'.^^g'esta, Benth. MSS. Nicolsonia congesta, Wight Ic. t. 1056. 
Desmodiiun congestum, Benth. Fl. Jungh. 222, non W. dc A. 



Uleiotis.] L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) 153 

Tropical Zone ; NiLOHinis. Gardner, Schmidt, Wight. 

A perennial, with slender firm trailing csespitose stems 1-2 ft. long. Leaves short- 
petioled, membranous, 1 or 3-foIiolate, the end leaflet the largest, orbicular or oblong, 
obtuse, |-| in. long, a little hairy below. Flowers in copious oblong terminal capitate 
racemes under 1 in. long; bracts ovate, scariose, finely pubescent ; pedicels short. 
Calyx \ in ; teeth densely plumose. Pod as long as calyx. 

42. EZiEZOTZS, DO. 

An annual herb. Leaves usually 1-foliolate. Flotvers in axillary racemes. 
Caly.i- with a very short tube and 5 subequal setaceous teeth. Corolla mi- 
nute ; standard broad ; keel obtuse,''adhering to the wings. Stamens diadelphous; 
anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, 1-ovuled ; style short, uncinate or nearly 
straight, thickened at the base, stigma capitate. Pod of a single dimi- 
diate membranous veined joint, with a flattened straight dorsal and rounded 
ventral sutiu'e. — A single endemic species. 

1. IS. sororla, DC. Prodr. ii. 348 ; Wall. Cat. 5741 ; W. Ss A. Prodr. 
231. E. monophylla, DC. loc. cit. Hedysarum soronum, Linn. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. 
iii. 352. Hallia sororia, Willd. Sp. iii. 1170. Glycine monophylla, Burm. Fl. 
Ind. 161, t. 50, %. 2. 

Plains of Bundelkund, Wkstebn Peninsula and Ceylon. 

An annual, with slender trailing densely caespitoso glabrous stems, 1-2 ft. long. 
Leaves subglabrous, membranous, consisting usually of a single short stalked stipellate 
terminal leaflet, rounded or broader than long, emarginate, ^1 in. long, but occa- 
sionally with a pair of minute lateral leaflets. Flowers in copious simple lax axillary 
racemes; pedicels spreading, downy, exceeding the calyx; bracts minute, ovate, 
scariose, deciduous. Pod \ in. long. 

- 43. FVCNOSPORA, R. Br. 

A low shrub. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate. Floicers minute, racemed, 
Calyx deeply cleft, the upper teeth subconnate. Corolla much exserted ; 
standard roimdish ; keel obtuse, cohering to the wings. Stamens diadelphous ; 
anthers unifonu. Ovary sessile, many-ovuled ; style iniiexed, filiform ; stigma mi- 
nute capitate. Pod oblong, turgid, 2-valved, 8-lb-seeded, continuous within, not 
jointed, but marked with transverse veins, — A single species, combining the 
habit oi Desmodium, with a pod like Crotalaria. 

1. P. hedysaroldes, P. Br. in Ilerh. Banks. P. nervosa, W. Ss A. 
Prodr. 197 ; Dalz. 4* Gihs. Bomb. Fl. 75. Crotalaria ? nervosa, Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 5428. Indigofera desmodioides, Benth. in Hohen. PI. Ind. Or. No. 303. 

Tropical zone ; Khasia (3-5000 ft.), Silhet, TsNASSERnr, "Western Penin8CI.a, 
Ceti.on. — DisTRiB. China, Philippines, N. Australia. 

A perennial herb, with slender densely csespitose trailing stems ^-2 ft. long. 
Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate ; leaflets obovate, obtuse, ^-H in. long, stipellate, sub- 
coriaceous, glabrous above, finely downy and rcticulato-vonose below. Flotccrs in lax 
terminal racemes ; bracts deciduous, scariose, OA-ate-cuspidate ; pedicels downy, 2-3 
times the calyx. Calyx ^r, in. long or less. Pod |— ^ in. long, finally black. 

44. PSSUSAaTKaZA, AV. & A. 

Habit of Des?nodium, from which it only diflers in pod. Or/Zj/.r-teeth as long 
as the tube, 2 upper subconnate. Corolla 2-3 times the calyx ; standard broad ; 
keel obtuse. Stamens diadelphous ; anthere uniform. Ovary subsessile. many- 
ovuled ; style filiform, stigma capitate. Pod linear-oblong, compressed, mem- 



154 L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) [PseudaHJiria. 

"branous, indeliiscent, continuous within, the sutures not at all indented. — Dis- 
TRIB. Species 5, the others African. 

.1. P. viscida, W. ^' A. Prodr. 209 ; Wight Ic. t. 286. Hedysai-um visci- 
dum, Linn. ; Itoxh. Ilort. Beng. 67 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 356. Desmodiimi viscidum, 
DC. Prodr. u. 336 ; Wall. Cat. 5698. Rhjnchosia viscida, DC. Prodr. ii. 387. 
Glycine viscida, Willd. in Nova Acta, iv. 208. Desmodiimi Lescheuaultii, DC. 
Prodr. ii. 336 ? 

Tropical zone, Western Peninsula and Ceylon, up to 3000 ft. — Distrib. 
Timor. 

Perennial, 2-3 ft. high, with slender stems, clothed with fine grey pubescence. 
Leaves petioled, pinnately 3-foliolate ; leaflets stipellate, membranous or subcoriaceous, 
green, obscurely bristly above, grey, densely pubescent, rarely subglabrescent below; 
end leaflet round-rhomboidal, obtuse or acute, 2-4 in. long. Racemes axillary and 
terminal, sometimes branched ; flowers distant, fascicled ; pedicels spreading, 3-4 
times the minute calyx. Pod i-f in. long, 4-6-seecled, finely downy. 

45. XiOURSA, Neck. 

Herbs. Leaves membranous, stipellate, 1-3-foliolate. Floicers in terminal 
simple or panicled racemes. Calyx memhranous, accrescent, the lanceolate teeth 
as long as the campanulate tube. Corolla equalling or exceeding the cahrx ; 
standard broad ; keel obtuse. Stainens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary 
few-ovuled ; style filiform, inliexed, stigma capitate. Pod of about 4 small dis- 
tinct 1-seeded smooth veined joints, included in the calyx. — All the species are 
East Indian. 

1. Xi. paniculata, Wall. Cat. 5673 ; leaves 1-foliolate, nearly twice as 
"broad as long, racemes copiously panicled. Benth. PI. Jmiyh. 215. 

AvA ; Taong-dong mountains, Wallich. 

Stems erect, slender, finely downy. Leaves 2^3 in. broad, rigidly coriaceous, gla- 
brous ; lobes spreading, rounded at the point, 4-.5-nerved. base subcordate, apex rounded 
or slightly emarginate ; petiole nearly as long as the blade. Racemes 1-3, forming 
copious terminal and lateral panicles; pedicels pubescent, cernuous, sometimes 
geminate, shorter than the calyx. Calyx slightly downy, finally ^-\ in. Joints 
downy. 

2. Ii. Vespertillonis, De^. ; DC. Prod. ii. 323 ; leaflets 1 rarely 3 
glahrous 4-6 times as broad as long, racemes simple or slightly panicled. W. 8c 
A. P-odr. 221 ; Wight Ic, t. 285; Wall. Cat. 5671. Hedysarum Vespertillonis, 
Linn. ; Roxh. Hart. Beng. 57 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 352. 

Common in waste places throughout India. — Distrib. Tropics of both hemi- 
spheres, often planted. 

Stems erect, slender, finely downy upwards. Petiole ^1 in. ; leaflets rigidly 
subcoriaceous, green, clouded usually with white, the end one 2-3 in. broad, -^^ in. 
long, with two linear or lanceolate spreading or slightly ascending "2-3-nerved halves ; 
apex bristle-tipped, broadly emarginate ; side leaflets, if present, much smaller, ob- 
liquely obversely deltoid. Racemes 3-6 in. long ; pedicels pubescent, shorter than 
the calyx; lower geminate. Calyx finally ^— | in. long. Corolla not exserted. 
Joints 4-5. 

3. Zi. obcordata, Desi\ ; DC. Prodr. ii. 324 ; leaflets 3 rarely 1 pilose 
beneath on the veins, terminal roundish or obversely deltoid, racemes usually 
simple. Hedysarum obcordatum, Poir. Diet. Sujyjl. ii. 425. H. reniforme, 
Lour. Fl. Cock. 447. L. reniformis, DC. loc. cit. L. microphylla, Wall. Cat. 
6672. Desmodium prsemorsum, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6703. 



Loiirea.] l. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 155 

BiRMA, Wallich. — Distrib. Malay isles, China, Philippines, N. Australia. 

Stems cdiSY^iosQ, very slender, wide-trailing, pubescent. Petiole ^-| in.; leaflets 
membranous, pale green, as broad as long, truncate or rounded at the apex, pale 
green, not clouded, glabrous above, \~'^ in. long. Baccmes very lax, reaching 6-0 in. 
long ; pedicels as long as the calyx, pubescent, cernuous, rarely geminate. Calyx 
downy, finally \-\ in. long. Corolla twice the flowering-cJilyx. Joints 4-5, 
glabrous. 

4. Zi. campanulata, Benth. PL Jimgh. 215 ; leaflets 3 rarely 1 obovate- 
oblong downy beneath, racemes copiously panicled. Uraria cainpanukta, Wall. 
Cat. 5685. 

AvA ; Taong-dong mountains, Wallich. 

Erect, with the habit of a Desmodium. Stems firm, slender, finely downy. Pe- 
tioles ^-| in. ; leaflets subcoriaceous, green, glabrous above, pale green, reticulato- 
venose below ; end one 2-3 in. long, obtuse, with a cuneate base ; side ones much 
smaller. Bacemcs 4-6 in. long, forming copious terminal panicles, with densely pu- 
bescent rachises ; pedicels ^ in., curved. Calyx ^-^ in., densely pubescent. Corolla 
twice flower-calyx. JoiJits 2-3, pubescent. 

4G. VRASZA, Desv. 

Suffiriiticose pei*ennials. Leaves stipellate, with 1 to leaflets. Floicers 
very numerous, minute, racemose. Calyx-tube very short; two upper teeth 
short ; three lower usually elongated, setaceous. Standard broad ; wings ad- 
hering to the obtuse keel. Stamens diadelpbous ; anthers uniform. Ovary ses- 
sile or short-stalked, few-ovuled ; style intiexed filiform, stigma terminal. Pod 
of 2-6 small turgid 1-seeded indehiscent joints, often placed face to face. — Dis- 
TKIB. Species all here included. 

* Upper leaves 6-d-folwlate. 

1. IT. picta, Desv.; DC. Prodr. ii. 324; leaflets linear clouded, pedicel 
clothed with short bristles. Wall. Cat. 5674 ; W. ^- A. Prodr. 221 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. 
Bomb. Fl. 65. Doodia picta, Roxb. Ft. Ind. iii. 368. Hedysarimi pictmn, 
Jacq. Ic. t. 567; Roxb. Hort. Beng. 57. U. linearis, Hassk. PL Jav. Rar. 
349. 

Himalayas to Ceylok, ascending to 6000 ft. in the north-west. — Distrib. Tropical 
Africa, Malay isles, Philippines. 

An erect little-branched suflruticose perennial, 3-6 ft. high. Stems robust, finely 
downy. Petioles 1-2 in. ; leaflets 4-6, rarely 9, rigidly subcoriaceous, glabrous above, 
reticulato-venulose, minutely pubescent below, 4-8 in. long, J-1 in. broad ; lowest 
simple, round or oblong. Flowers in dense cylindrical racemes, ^-1 ft. long, ^-j( in. 
broad ; bracts brown, scariose, deciduous, not distinctly ciliated ; upper lanceolate, 
lower ovate acuminate ; pedicels \-^ in., abruptly recurved at the tip after flowering. 
Corolla purple, slightly exserted. Joints 3-6, glabrescent, polished, often whitish. 

2. TJ. crinita, Besv. \ DC. Prodr. ii. 324; leaflets oblong not clouded, pe- 
dicels clothed with long bristles. Wall. Cat. 5675. U. picta, Wiyht Ic. t. 411, 
n on Desv. U. comosa, Z)C'. Prodr. ii. 324. Hedvsarmu crinitum, Linn. : Burnt. 
FL Ind. 169, t. 56 ; Roxb. Hort. Beny. 57. Doodia crinita, Ro.ib. FL Ind. iii. 
369. 

Himalayas to Ceylon and Slam, ascending to 9000 ft. in the north-west. — Dis- 
THIB. China, Malay isles. 

General habit of the last. Upper leaves 3-7-foliolate ; leaflets subcoriaceous, green, 
smooth above, paler, reticulate- venose beneath, 4-6 in. long, 1^2 in. broiid, much 
rounded at the base. Racemes dense, reaching above a foot long, 1-1^ in. thick; 

VOL. u. 



156 L. LEGUMmos^. (J. G. Baker.) [Uraria. 

lower pedicels |-f in. long -with spreading bristles 3-4 times their thickness ; bracts 
distinctly ciliated. Ca/ya'-segments densely plumose. Corolla purplish, ^ in. long. 
Joints 4-6, opaqxie. 

** Leaves 1- and S-foliolate intertntxed. 

3. XJ. lag'opoides, DC. Prodr. ii. 324; stems trailing, leaflets small 
orbicular or oblong, heads short dense oblong-cylindrical, lower calyx-teeth elon- 
gated. W. 8f A. Pt-odr. 222, nan Wall. Hedysariim lagopoides. Burin. Fl. Irul. 
68, t. 63, fig. 2. U. retusa, Wall. Cat. 6680. Doodia lagopodioides, Ro3:h. Fl. 
Irid. iii. 366. Lespedeza lagopoides, Pers. Ench. ii. 308. U. hamosa. Wall. Cat. 
6681, A., non W. ^- A. 

Tropical zone. Nipal and Bengai- to Ava. — Distrib. Malay isles, China, Poly- 
nesia, N. Australia. 

SteTtis densely csespitose, woody, slender, pubescent. Petiole ^-1 in. ; leaflets many, 
of both kinds, obtuse, broadly rounded at the base, 1-2 in. long, glabrous above, finely 
downy below. Heads always simple, very dense, 1-2, rarely 3 in. long, under 1 in. 
thick; bracts subpersistent,' distinctly ciliated; pedicels densely crinite, not longer 
than calyx. Calyx ^~ in. ; lower teeth setaceous, densely plumose. Corolla scarcely 
exserted. Joints 1-2, brown, polished, finely pubescent. U. cercifolia, Desv. ; DC. 
Prodr. ii. 325, is probably a form of this with a single leaflet. 

4. U. lag'opus, DC. P'odr. ii. 324; stems erect, leaflets large oblong not 
cordate, heads long dense cylindrical, lower calyx-teeth elongated. Hedysarum 
arboreum, Don Prodr. 243. Uraria arboremn, G. Don Gen. Syst. ii. 2^7. U. 
lagopodioides, Wall. Cat. 6676, non DC. U. alopecuroides, Wight Ic. t. 290. 
Doodia alopecuroides, Roxh. Fl. Pnd. iii. 868. U. hamosa. Wall. Cat. 6681 C. 
Hedysarum alopecuroides, Roxh. Hart. Beng. 57. 

Punjab, along the Himalayas to Assam and Ava, ascending to 6000 ft. in 
Simla. 

An erect undershrub, reaching 10-12 ft., with slender woody densely pubescent 
branches. Leaves usually all 3-foliolate, subcoriaceous, glabrescent above, reticulato- 
venose, finely downy below ; end leaflet 2-4 in. long, 1^2 in. broad. Racemes copi- 
ous, both terminal and axillary, resembling those of U. crinita, reaching 6-9 in. by 
1-1^ in.; bracts deciduous; pedicels 2-3 times the calyx, densely crinite. Calyx 
^-i in. Corolla purple, little exserted. Joints 2-6, dark or pale, dull or polished. 

6. U. repanda, Wall. Cat. 6677 ; stems erect, leaflets large cordate-ovate, 
heads dense cylindrical, lower calyx-teeth elongated. Benth. PI. Jimgh. 213. 

BiRMA, Wallich. 

General habit of the last, to which it is closely allied. Pubescence of branches 
shorter. Leaves simple and trifoliolate intermixed, the side leaflets of the latter much 
smaller than the end one, which is subobtuse or subacute, deeply produced at the base. 
Racemes 2-4 in. by |-| in. ; bracts ovate, acuminate, distinctly ciliated, not deciduous ; 
pedicels densely crinite, sliorter than tlie calyx. Calyx \ in. ; lower teeth long, 
setaceous, plumose. Joints 2, polished, glabrous, brownish-drab. 

6. U. hamosa, Wall. Cat. 6681 B ; stems erect, leaflets large oblong not 
cordate, racemes long lax cylindrical, lower calyx teeth not elongated. W. 4'- 
A. Prodr. 222 ; Wight Jc. t. 284. Hedysarimi hamosum, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 
67. Doodia hamosa, Roxh. Fl. Lnd. iii. 367. U. lanceolata and desmodioides, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6682, 6683. U. leptostachya, Wall. Cat. 5684. Desmodium 
Horsfieldii and das\-phyllum, Miq. Fl. Lnd. Bat. i, 261-3. 

Himalayas to Ceylon, Birmah and Pegu, ascending in Sikxim to 4000 ft, — Dis- 
trib. Malay isles. 

Branches woody, slender, shortly pubescent. Leaves similar in texture to those of 
all the preceding, sometimes all simple, the end one obtuse, broadly rounded at the 



ZFraria.'] l. leguminos^:. (J. G. Baker.) 157 

base, 3-5 in. by 2-3 in. Racemes much laxer than in the other species, resembling 
those of a Desmodium, copiously panicled, reaching ^-1 ft. long ; bracts ovate, cuspi- 
date, pubescent, deciduous ; pedicels ^^ in., ofton fascicled. Calyx ^ in., all the 
teeth deltoid-cuspidate. Corolla 2-3 times the calyx. Joints 4-6, opaque, drab or 
brown. 

*** Leaves usually/ all 1-foliolate. 

7. U. prunellaefolla, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6686 ; stems erect, leaflets ob- 
long-lanceolate, racemes short close oblong. Hedvsarmn hamatmu, Heyne 
MSS. 

KxTMAON, alt. 3000 ft., Thomson, East Himalayas, Griffitn. 

Branches slender, shortly pubescent. Leaflet oblong or lanceolate, obtuse or acute, 
rounded at the base, 3-4 in. by 1-1^ in.; petiole ^-\ in. Racemes terminal, simple, 
1-2 in. by -f-f in ; bracts small, lanceolate, deciduous ; pedicels 2-3 times the calyx, 
shortly bristly. Calyx ^-^ in., lower teeth twice as long as the upper. Corolla 
under twice the calyx. Joints 3-4, placed end to end, opaque or polished. 

8. U. cordlfolla, Wall. PL As. Rar. i. 33, t. 37 ; stems erect, leaflet cor- 
date-ovate, racemes elongated lax cylindrical. U. cordata. Wall. Cat. 5679. 

Prome and banks of the Irrawaddi, Wallich. 

Branches stout, woody, densely clothed with short spreading hairs. Leaves casu- 
ally trifoliolate, reaching 6-9 in. long, nearly as broad, acute, conspicuously hairy on 
the raised veins below ; petiole ^2 in. Racemes lateral and terminal, ^-Ift. long, 
resembling those of U. hamosa ; bracts small, lanceolate, deciduous ; pedicels ^-| in., 
densely crinite. Calyx ^--^ in. ; teeth setaceous, nearly equal. Corolla scarcely ex- 
serted. Joints 2-3, opaque, pubescent. 



47. AZiYSXCARPUS, Neck. 

Diffuse annuals or biennials. Leaves simple, rarely 3-foliolate, stipellate, sub- 
coriaceous. Floivers in copious axillary racemes. ' Calyx glmnaceoiis; teeth 
deep, often imbricated, the two upper often connate. Corolla not exserted ; 
standard broad ; keel obtuse, adhering to the wings. Stamens diadelphous ; an- 
thers uniform. Ovary nearly or quite sessile, many-ovuled ; style incurved, stigma 
capitate. Pod terete or turgid, composed of several indehiscent 1-seeded joints. 
— DisTKEB. Species about 15 ; weeds everywhere in the tropics of the old. 
world. 

* nxicrooalyclnee. Calyx not longer than the first joint of the pod. 

1. A. monillfer, DC. Prodr.u. 353; stems clothed with fine spreading 
hairs, pod distinctly moniliform turgid veinless. Wall. Cat. 5769 ; W. cV A. 
Prodr. 232. Hedvsarimi moniliferum, Linn. ; Burm. Fl. Jnd. t. 52, fig. 3 ; Roxh. 
PLort. Peng. 66; Ft. Jnd. iii. 345. A. Rubibarna, Wall. Cat. 6771, ex parte. 

Tropical zone ; Himalayas through India proper. Birma and Texasserim, JVal- 
lich. — DisTRiB. Nubia, Abyssinia. 

Steins densely tufted, ^-1 ft. long. Leaves all simple, oblong, obtuse, glabrous, 
^4- in. long, often cordate; petiole j^-^ in. long, finely downy. Racemes close, 4-8- 
flowered; pedicels very short. Calyx ~—k in., obscurely hairy ; teeth linear, erecto- 
patent. Pod ^ in. thick, 4-8-jointed, ^-f in. long, densely clotlied with minute hooked 
pubescence, not at all reticulato-venose. 

2. A. hamosus, Edgeic. Cat. Panda. PL 47; stems densely clothed with 
short spreading hairs, calyx much shorter than the first joint, pod compressed 
reticulato-venose not moniliform. A. rotundifolius, Wight MSS. 



158 ' L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) \_Alysicar2)ti8. 

Plain of BuNDELKUND and Western Pexinstjla. ^ 

Stems 1 ft. or less long, with many erecto-patent hairy branches. Leaves all simple ; 
leaflet orbicular, obtuse, cordate, hairy on the veins below, ^-1^ in. long and broad; 
petiole |-y in., hairy like the branr^ies. Racemes short-peduncled, moderately close, 
4-6-flowered ; pedicels as long as the calyx. Calyx ^^ in. long, the linear teeth 
erecto-patent. Fod |-f in. long, by ^ in., distinctly pubescent, 3-5-jointed. 

3. A. vag'inalis, DC. Prodr. ii. 353; stems glabrescent or with a little 
adpressed down, calyx as long as the first joint, pod terete reticulato- venose not 
moniliform. W. ^- A. Prodr. 233 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. FL 64. Hedysariini 
vaginale, Linn. ; Roxb. Hort. Beng. 56 ; FL Ind. iii. 345. A. Riibibarna, Wall. 
Cat. 5771, ex parte. A. diversifolius, Wall. Cat. 5772. A. Harnieri, Sc/nveinf. 
Bel. Kotsch. 24, t. 19. 

Himalayas to Malacca and Ceylon, ascending to 4000 feet in the North-west 
provinces. — Distrib. Through tropics of old Avorld, Afghanistan, introduced in 

Stems robust, ascending, 1-3 ft. long in the type. Leaflets glabrous, \-2 in. long, 
corJate at the base, usually oblong, obtuse, about twice as long as broad, rarely lan- 
ceolate, 3-6 times as long as broad; petiole ^\ in. 7?acgj7ies elongated, 6-12- 
flowered, 2-3 in. long ; pedicels shorter than the calyx. Calyx ^ in., nearly glabrous ; 
teeth linear-setaceous, exceeding the tube. Pod i-^ in. by ^ in., the joints half as 
long again as broad, faintly pubescent, rugose, usually a little thickened at the end, 
sometimes indistinctly moniliform. 

Var. 1. nummidarif alius ; dwarf er, leaflets smaller oblong or roundish obtuse, ra- 
cemes more crowded. A. nummularifolius, DC. Prodr. ii. 353 ; Wall. Cat. bl&l ; W. 
^- A. Prodr. 232 ; Dalz. <$• Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 64. A. varius. Wall. Cat. 5768. Hedysa- 
rum varium. Roth Nov. Sp. 354. H. cylindricum, Poir. Diet. Suppl. v. 400. H. 
nummularifolium, Linn. Sp. Plant. 1051. Hegetschweilera pulchella, Regel in Pot. 
Zeit. i. 47» — As common and widely spread as the type. 

Var. 2. heterophyllus ; leaflets lanceolate, simple and trifoliolate intermixed, ra- 
cemes elongated. A. heterophyllus, Benth. MSS. A. trifoliatus. Stocks MSS. — Plains 
of Scinde, Dr. Stocks. 

Var. 3. Stocksii; stems clothed with fine spreading hairs, leaflets thinner than in 
the type obovate oblong hairy beneath, racemes elongated. — Plains of Concan, Stocks ^' 
Law. Intermediate between the type and A. rotund if olius. 

** macrocalycinae. Cali/x much longer than the fii\st joint of the pod, 
its teeth imbricated in the fruiting stage. 

4. A. bupleurif olius, F>C. Prodr. ii. 352; pedicels short, calyx ciliated 
only, joints of pod neither veined nor rugose. Wall. Cat. 5761, excl. B ^' Fj 
W. ^ A. Prodr. 233 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. FJ,. 64. Hedysarum bupleurifo- 
liuin, Linn. Sp. PI. 1051 ; Roxb. Cor. PI. t. 194 ; Hort. Beng. 56 ; Fl. Iml. iii. 
346. H. gramineum, Retz. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 646. A. ludens. Wall. Cat. 
5762, excl. B 8f F. 

Himalayas to Ceylon and Birma, ascending to 4000 ft. in Kumaon. — Distrib. 
Malay isles, China, Philippines, Mauritius, Polynesia. 

Sterna 1-2 ft., slender, ascending, glabrous. Leaflets glabrous, linear or lanceolate, 
1-3 in. long, acute, rather rounded at the base, rarely oblong, subobtuse. Racemes 
3-6 in. long, the flowers in 10-20 distant pairs ; pedicels A'ery short. Calyx \ in., ad- 
pressed to the pod, hairy at the edge only ; teeth twice as long as tlie furrowed funnel- 
shaped tube. Pod stalked, f -^ in. long, ^ in. thick ; joints 4-6, glabrous, as long as 
smooth, slightly moniliform. 

Var. 1. gracilis ; leaves oblong-lanceolate obtuse 1-2 in. long, calyx not more 
than ^ in. long, pod 1-2-jointed included or little exserted. A. gva,Q.\\\s, Edgew. in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. 312; Cat. PL Band. 46. — Bimdelkund, Edgeworth. Western 
Peninsula, Wight. 



Alysicarjpiis.] l. leguminos^:. (J. G. Baker.) 159 

6. A . long'ifolius, W. ^- A. Prodr. 233 ; pedicels short, calyx slightly 
pubescent and ciliated, articulations of pod plabrous finely reticidato-venose. Wt. 
Ic. t. 251 ; Dalz. Sf Gibs. Bomb. Fl. G5. Iledysaruiu lonfrifolium,i^o<!/;/. ; Sprenrj. 
Sijst. iii. 319. H. bracteatum, Herb. Madr. A. vaginalis, Wall. Cat. 57G3 Bj 
C in part. A. spicatus, Royle MSS. 

Plains, scattered throughout India proper. 

Stems stout, ascending, s^ubglabrous, reaching 4-5 ft. Leaflets oblong or lanceolate, 
3-6 in. long, subcordate, ciliated on the veins below. Racemes moderately close, 
t^-1 ft. long, the flowers adpressed to the finely hairy rachis ; pedicels J^j in. Calyx 
^ in. ; teeth lanceolate, 4-5 times the length uf the funnel-shaped plicate tube. Pod 
4-6-jointed, usually exserted, ~ in. broad, turgid, moniliform, marked only with a few 
faint raised veins. 

6. A. rug-osus, DC. Prodr. ii. 353 ; pedicels short, calyx ciliated, pod tur- 
gid moniliform deeply transversely plicate included or little exserted. Hedysa- 
rum rugosum, Willd. Sp. iii. 1173. A. Wallichii, W. S) A. Prodr. 234. A. 
buplem-ifolius, Wall. Cat. 5761 B, F. A. vaginalis, Wall. Cat. 57G3 C, ex parte. 
A. glmnaceus, Wall. Cat. 5764. A. glaber, E. Meyer Comjn. 125. A. Iloch- 
stetteri, A. Rich. Fl. Abyss, i. 209. 

Himalayas (up to 4-5000 ft.) to Ceylox and Birma. — Distrib. Tropics of tho 
old world, Cape, W. Indies. 

Stems 1-2 ft., ascending, subglabrous. Leaflets 1-3 in. long, subglabrous below, 
usually oblong, obtuse, 2-3 times as long as broad, rarely orbicular or linear-lanceolate. 
Racemes dense, 1-4 in. long ; pedicels Jj-^ in. ; flowers adpressed to subglabrous rachis. 
Calyx ^— I in., glabrous on the back ; teeth lanceolate, much imbricated, reaching down 
nearly to the base, minutely ciliated. Pod 3-5-jointed, included, glabrous, ^ in. 
broad ; joints rather broader than long, marked with close prominent transverse 
ribs. 

Vae. 1. Heyneanus; more robust, reaching 3-4 ft. high, stems and leaves below 
permanently pubescent, leaflets large obovate-oblong, racemes longer often 4-6 in. not 
so close, calyx shorter ciliated on the edge only, pod ^ in. broad often exserted. A. 
Heyneanus, W. ^- A. Prodr. 234 ; Thwaites Enum. 88. A. styracifolius. Wall. Cat. 
6770, non DC. Hedysarum styracifolium, Roxb. Hort. Peng. 56 ; Fl. hid. iii. 347. 
A. obovatus, Edgw. Cat. Band. PL 45. — Plains of Bundelcund, Western Peninsula 
and Ceylon. 

Var. 2. styracifolius ; dwarf, diifuse, stems and leaves below finely pubescent, 
leaflets small oblong obtuse, rarely {A. pilifer, Wall.) lanceolate, racemes short dense 
calyx \ in. long conspicuously ciliated, pod ■— in. broad rarely exserted. A. styraci- 
folius, DC. Prodr. ii. 353 (excl. syn.) ; W. 4- A. Prodr. 234 ; Dah. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 
65. A. vaginalis. Wall. Cat. 5763 A. A. pilifer, Wall. Cat. 5765. A. scariosus, Grah. 
in Wall. Cat. 5766 ; Thwaites Enum. 88. Hedysarum glumaceum, Koen. in Roxb. Fl. 
Ind. iii. 247. A. lupulinus, Stocks MSS. — Ava and through India proper. 

Var. 3. ludcns: leaves linear distant 2-3 in. long, racemes reacliing ^ ft. long the 
lower flowers lax, calyx ^ in. long hairy not much ciliated. Habit of A. bupleuri- 
foliics. A. ludens. Wall. Cat. 57Q2 B^-F. A. bupleurifoliu.s, Roxb. Herb, non Cor. — 
Plains of Bengal, &c. 

7. A. tetrag'onolobus, Edgw. in Journ. Linn. ^"Soc. ix. 312; Cat. Band. PI. 
45 ; pedicels short, calyx pubescent densely ciliated, pod tetragonous moniliform 
deeply transversely plicate distinctly exserted. A. quadraugularis, Edt/iv. MSS. 

Plains of Buxdelktjnd, Deccan and Concan. 

Reseml)ling closely the small forms of ^. r?/^052^s\ Stems slender, ^-1 ft., finely 
hairy. Leaves simple, oblong or lanceolate, 1-1|- in., ciliated on tlie. nerves l)eneatli. 
Raceines lax, 2-3 in. long, the lower flowers in distant pairs ; pedicels ■— in. Caly.c 
^-^ in. ; teeth lanceolate, acuminate, reaching down nearly to the base. Pod |-^ in. by 



160 L. LEGUMixos^. (J. G. Baker.) \_Alisy carpus. 

^ in., 3-4-jointed, marked with an acute angle down the face, glabrous, with as 
deep plications as in A. riigosus. 

8. A . pubescens, Lmv in Wight Ic. t. 250 ; pedicels 0, calyx densely 
clothed with long white cottony hairs, joints of pod deeply reticulated. Dah. |* 
Gihs. Bomh. FL 65. 

Plains of Concan and Deccan. 

Stems ascending, l-lj ft., clothed with short adpressed hairs. Leaves distant, 
linear or lanceolate, 1-2 in. long, hairy on the nerves below, strongly triplinerved. 
Spikes close, 2-6 in. long, with a plumose rachis. Calyx f in. long ; teeth lanceolate- 
setaceous, densely plumose, reaching down to the base. Pod 3-4-jointed, included in 
the calyx, moniliform, glabrous; joints globose, under ^ in. thick, the veins 
honeycombed. 

9. A. belg'aumensls, Wight Ic. t. 92 ; pedicels elongated finely pubes- 
cent densely ciliated, pod included finely pubescent reticulato-venose. Dah. 4* 
Qihs. Bomb. Fl. 65. 

Plains of Concan, Balzell, Bitchie. 

Stems 1-2 ft., clothed with dense short pubescence. Leaves casually 3-foliate, usu- 
ally simple ; leaflets oblong or lanceolate, 2-3 in. long, subcordate, clothed with ad- 
pressed short hairs beneath. Eacemes moderately close, reaching 6-9 in. long, I5— 1|- in. 
broad ; pedicels curved, ascending, downy ^-| in. Calyx |-| in. ; teeth 5, lanceolate, 
reaching down to the base. Pod 3-4:-jointed, subcompressed, scarcely moniliform, 
^ in. broad, marked on the face with fine raised honeycomb veins. 

Vab. 1. racemosus; dwarf, diffuse, leaflets obovate-oblong under 1 in. long, racemes 
with much fewer more distant flowers, calyx smaller, pod ^^ in. broad slightly ex- 
serted. A. racemosus, Bentk. in Hoken. PL Ind. Or. No. 212 ; Bedd. Ic. PI. Ind. Or. 
t. 292.'-Nilghiris, Schmidt, Wight. Rolampally hills, Coimbatore, alt. 2500 ft., 
Beddome. 

48. MECOPUS, Bennett. 

An annual herb. Leaves 1-foliolate. Floioers in dense racemes. Calyx-tuhe 
campanulate ; teeth lanceolate, the two upper connate. Standard broad ; keel 
incurved, obtuse. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary stipitate, 
2-ovuled ; style inflexed, stigma minute capitate. Pod of one small oblong 
reticulato-venose joint on a long stalk thrust down by the twisting of the top of 
the pedicel so as to approach the rachis. — A single species. 

1. Jfl. nidulans, Bennett PI. Jav. Bar. 154, t. 32 ; Wal^). Pej). v. 524. 
Uraria retrofracta, Wall. Cat. 5678. 

Hilly woods of Birma, Mabtaban and Tenasserim. — Distrib. Malay isles. 

An "erect annual, 1 ft. or more high, with numerous slender spreading naked 
branches. Leaves simple ; leaflet broader than long, membranous, glabrous, pale green, 
venose, truncate or faintly emarginate ; base subcordate ; petiole filiform, articulated 
and minutely stipellate at the tip. Flowers in dense oblong peduncled terminal heads 
1 in. or less long ; pedicels fascicled, :|— | in. long, finely downy, exceeding the seta- 
ceous bracts. Calyx and corolla very small. Pod with a stalk 3-4 times as long as 
itself. 

49. OUGEXNIA, Benth. 

Tree. Leaves pinnately 8-foliolate. Floivers in fascicled axillary racemes. 
Calyx-tuhe campanulate ; teeth small, upper 2 subcounate. Corolla much ex- 
serted ; standard broad ; keel obtuse. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers imiform. 
Ovary sessile, linear, many-oviiled ; style filiform, incurved, stigma minute capi- 
tate. Pod linear, flat, smooth, formed of 2-5 large more or less distinct joints. 
— DisiRiB. A single endemic species. 



Ougeinia.'] L. leguminosze. (J. G. Baker.) 161 

1. O. dalberg-ioides, Benth. PI. Jungh. 216 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 36 ; Brand. 

For. Flor. 146, t. 23. Dalbergia oiigeinensis, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 53; Fl. Ind. 
iii. 220 ; Wall. Cat. 6851 ; Wight Ic. t. 391. 

Hilly tracts of Northern India and Coxcan, ascending to 4000 ft. in Kumaox. 
An erect tree, 20-40 ft. high, with slender terete grey branches. Leaves distinctly 
petioled, pinuately 3-foliolate, stipellate ; leaflets rigidly coriaceous, glabrous or downy 
below ; end leaflet roundish or obovate, 3-6 in. long, obtuse, entire or obscurely crenate ; 
side ones smaller, opposite, oblique. Flowers very copious, in short fascicled racemes, 
from the nodes of old branches ; pedicels ^-f in., filiform, downy or glabrous. Cali/x 
^-^in.; teeth obtuse. Cbro//a. whitish or pale rose. Pod 2-3 in. long; joints 2-3 
times as long as broad. 

50. DSSZHODZUnX, Desv. 

Shrubs or herbs. Leaves 3-foliolate or simple, stipellate. Flowers small, 
red, iu copious usually dense racemes. Calij.v campanidate or turbinate ; teeth 
longer or shorter than the tube, the two upper often subconnate. Corolla ex- 
serted ; standard broad ; wings more or less adhering to the usually obtuse keel. 
I'pper stamen entirely or partially free, the other 9 united. Ovan/ sessile or 
stipitate, few- or many-ovuled ; style incurved, stigma minute capitate. Pod 
usually composed of several one-seeded indehiscent joints, the faces compressed, 
never muricated, the upper suture rarely finally splitting open. — Distrib. Spe- 
cies about 120 ; cosmopolitan in the tropics and several in the Cape and North 
America. 

D. CAJANiFOLiiTM, DC Prodr. ii, 331 (Hedysarum cajanifolium, H. B. K. Hov. Gen. 
t. 528. H. mucronatum, Bliirne; Walp. Pep. i. 746) a species widely spread in tropical 
America, has been introduced in Ceylon, and is included iu Wallich's distribution from 
the Calcutta Garden as D. leptostachyum. Wall. Cat. .^eQ? A. 

Orxitiiopits perpusillus is in Schmidt's Nilghiry collection, no doubt accidentally 
introduced. 

Arachis hypog^a is frequently cultivated, but has no claim to bo regarded as 
a native. 

SuBGEX. 1. Dendrolobluxn, W. ^ A. Shrnls with woody branches, 3- 
foliolate leaves, flowers iu dense short-peduncled or sessile axillary umbels, 
miuute deciduous bracts. 

1. I>. uxubellatuxn, DC. Prodr. ii. 325 ; branches terete, leaflets obtiLso 
1-1^ times as long as broad, joints of pod large l\-2 times as long as broad. 
W. "4- A. Prodr. 224 ; Bedd. Fl. Sglo. 87 ; Wall. Cat. 5687 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. 
Fl. 66. Peudrolobium umbellatum, Benth. PI. Jung. 218. Hedysarum um- 
l)ellatum, Li^in. Sp. 1053; Jacq. Hort. Schoen. t. 297, non Ro.vb. H. arboreum, 
Bo.vb. Fl. Ind. iii. 2>60.—Burm. Zeyl. t. 51. 

Tropical zone ; AvA, Tenasserim, Penano, Malacca, Ceylox. — Distrib. Mascaren 
isles, Malaya, Philippines, Polynesia. 

A shrub, 5-6 ft. high, witli densely downy young branches. Petioles 1 in. or less, 
slightly furrowed ; leaflets subcoriaceous, green and glabrous above, thinly grcy-canes- 
ceut or nearly glabrescent beneath, the veins not much raised ; end one larger than side 
ones, roundish or broad-oblong, 2-3 in. long. Umbels 6-12-flowered ; pedicels short, 
unequal. Calyx ^ in. densely silky ; teeth shorter than or as long as the tube. Co- 
rolla '^\ in. Pod H-2 in. long ; joints 4-5, thick, glabrescent or silky, \-^ in. long, 
indented at both sutures. 

2. D. Cepbalotes, Wall. Cot. 5721 ; branches triquetrous, leaflets acuto 
2-3 times as long as broad, joints of pod small as Ion? as broad. W A- d 



162 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) \_Desmodium. 

Prodr. 224 ; Wight Ic. t. 373 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 87 ; Ayial. Gen. 1. 12, fig. 4. Den- 
drolobium cephalotes, Benth. PI. Jun-g. 218. HedTsanim cephalotes and umbel- 
latum, Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 360. D. congestiim, Wall. Cat. 5723 ; W. 8^ A. 
Prodr. 224 ; Wight Ic. t. 209 ; Bah. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 66. D. austi'ale, 
Hassk. PL Jar. Par. 356, non DC. D. sericatum, Presl, Bot. Bern. 39. D. 
lineatum, Span, in Linn. xv. 193. 

East Himalayas, tropical zone. Nipal to Chittagong, ascending to 4000 ft. ; 
diroiigh India proper to Ceylon and Siam. — Distrib. China, Malay isles. 

A shrub, several ft. high, with densely grey-silky acutely-angled zigzag branches. 
Tetiole 1-2 in., thickened, deeply furrowed down the face ; leaflets oblong or obovate- 
oblong, subcoriaceous, green and glabrous above, grey-silky with conspicuous parallel 
raised main veins below, the end one 3-6 in. long. Flowers 20 or more, in dense um- 
bels ; pedicels unequal, silvery, jointed at the apex. Calyx ^-^ in. ; teeth lanceo- 
late, as long as the tube. Corolla deep red, twice the calyx. Fad under an inch 
long, glabrescent or silky ; joints 4-5, square, slightly indented, mainly at the lower 
suture. 

Stjbgeit. 2. Phyllodiuxn, Desv. Shrubs with woody branches, 3-foliolate 
leaves, flowers umbellate, the umbels in long continuous rows and each hidden 
"by a pair of persistent bracts. 

3. D. pulchellum, Benth. MSS. ; leaves finely downy beneath, bracts 
small close coriaceous plicate glabrous above, joints usually 2. Iledysa- 
rum pulchellmn, Linn.; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 361. Dicerma pidchellum, DC. 
Prodr. ii. 339 ; Wall. Cat. 5737 ; W. ^- A. Prodr. 230 ; Wight Ic. t. 418. 
Zornia pulchella, Pers. Syn. ii. 318. Phyllodimn pidchellum, Desv. Journ. Bot. 
iii. 123, t. 6, fig. 24 ; Bmth. PI. Jungh. 217. 

East Hevl^xayas and through India proper to Ceylon, Bibma, and Pegu. — Distrib. 
China, Philippines, Malay isles. 

A shrub, 3-6 ft. high, with slender terete finely grey-downy branches. Petiole 
^^ in. ; leaflets rigidly coriaceous, green, glabrous above ; end one much the largest, 
obion"-, 3-6 in. long, obtuse or subacute, rounded at the base, sometimes slightly repand. 
Bacemes \-\ ft. long, composed of 12-50 umbels; bracts the same texture as the 
leaves, orbicular, rather oblique, f-^ in., long, with a short petiole ending in a long 
bristle; umbels 2-6-fiowered ; pedicels ^^ in., downy. <7«/?/a' J-^ i'l- ! teeth lanceolate, 
shorter than the tube. Corolla 3 times the calyx. Joints of pod rarely 1 or 3, glabrous 
or downy, ^ in. long, constricted at both sutures. 

4, l>, grande, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xliii. 2, 184 ; leaves finely 
downy "beneath, bracts large coriaceous plicate glabrous above not close, joints 
3-4. 

Ava, Kurz. Griffith No. 1690, the exact station not known, probably Texasserim. 

Closely allied to the preceding, but considerably larger in most of its parts. 
Branches slender, terete, finely grey -downy. Petiole 1-1 :f in ; leaflets ovate, narrowed 
gradually to an acute point, the end one 4-5 in. long. Bacemes reaching a foot long, 
with a downy zigzag rachis ; bracts like those of the last in texture, |-1 in. long, more 
cordate at the base ; pedicels i-^ in. long. Calyx ^ in., finely downy ; upper teeth 
deltoid ; lowest lanceolate. Joints of pod ^ in. long and broad, finely downy. 

5. D. vestitum, BentJi.- MSS. ; leaves densely downy beneath, bracts 
large membranous not plicate pubescent on both sides. Dicerma vestitiun, Wall. 
Cat. 5739. Phyllodium vestitimi, Benth. PL Jungh. 217; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 
261. 

]Martaban, Wallich. Tenasseeim, near Mergui, Griffith. 

Branches slender, clothed with dense short pubescence. Leaflets oblong, 3-4 in. 
long, at first densely pubescent on both sides, glabrescent above, obtuse or subacute. 



JDesmodium.] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 163 

rounded at the base. Racemes 4-6 in. long in the specimens seen; bracts 1-1 J- in. 
long, orbicidar, not oblique, obtuse, emarginate, thinner in texture than in the other 
two and dissimilar to the leaA'es ; umbels 2-3-flowered ; pedicels as long as the calyx. 
Calyx ^ in. ; teeth deltoid, two upper connate, lowest lanceolate. Corolla |-^ in. 
Joints of pod 2-3, downy, ^ in. long. 

SiJBGEX. 3. Dicerma, DC. A trailing imdershrub with small 3-foliolate 
exstipellate leaves, minute bracts and flowers in long racemes. 

G. I>. biarticulatuxn, Benth. MSS. Iledysarum biarticulatmn, Limt. : 
Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 359. Dicenua biarticulatum/Z>C. P/odr. 
Cat. 5738; IF. ^- A. Pt-odr. 230 ; Wight Ic. t. 410. 

Plains of Western Peninsui^a., Ceylon and Biuma. — Distrib. Malay isles, N. 
Australia. 

Stems slender, densely csespitose, ^-2 ft., glabrous or downy. Stipules scariose, 
connate, 2-3 cleft ; petiole ^-\ in. ; leaflets rigidly coriaceous, pale green, subequal, 
oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse, subglabrous, f-^ in. long, nearly digitjite. liacemcs 
peduncled, sublax, \-^ ft., the lower flowers 2-4 together. Calyx scariose, sub- 
glabrous, under -^ in. ; teeth exceeding the tube, the two upper connate. Corolla 2-S 
times the calyx. Joints usually 2, rarely 1, round-oblong, pubescent, ^ in. long, both 
sutures deeply indented. 

SiJBGEN. 4. Catenaria, Benth. Shrubs with woody branches, 3-foliolate 
leaves, long racemes, small bracts and long pendulous many-jointed pods. 

7. D. laburnifolium, DC. Prodr. ii. 337. D. viticinmu, Wall. Cat. 
5709. D. cateniferum. Am. in Nov. Act. xviii. 321. Iledysarum laburnifolium, 
Pair. Eneyc. vi. 422. Catenaria labui'nifolia, Benth. PL Jungh. 220. II. 
caudatum, Thunb. Fl. Jap. 286 ? 

Central and East Himalayas, ttopical zone ; Kumaon to Assam and Mishmi, 
ascending to 4000 ft. in Sikkim ; Ceylon. — Distrib. Malay isles, China, Japan. 

A shrub, with slender terete branches, soon glabrescent. Stipules free, minute, se- 
taceous ; petiole 1-1^ in., thickened, grooved down the face; leaflets oblong-lanceo- 
late, acute, 2-4 in. long, rigidly subcoriaceous, shining above, hairy on ribs Ijelow. 
Bacemes \-^ ft. ; pedicels \ in., finally spreading. Calyx ^ in. ; hairs adpressed ; 
teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube, lowest linear. Corolla whitish, \-^ in. Pod 2-3 
in. long ; joints 6-8, twice as long as broad, beset with minute hooked spreading 
hairs. 

SuBGEN. 5. Pteroloma, Desv. Shnib with 1-foliolate leaves, winged 
petioles, racemose flowers, minute bracts and acute keel. 

8. D. triquetrum, DC. Prodr. ii. 326; Wall. Cat. 5688; W. S^-. A. 
Prodr. 224 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 66. D. auriculatum, pseudo-triquetrum and 
ulatum, DC. loc. cit. Iledysarum triquetrum, Linn.; Po.vb. Hort. Beny. Tid; 
Fl. Ind. iii. 347. H. alatum, Po.vb. Fl. Ind. iii. 348. Pteroloma triquetrum, 
Bejith. PL Jungh. 220. 

Central and East Himalayas, tlirough India proper to Ceylon, a.scending to 
4000 ft. in Ku:«AON, Sikkim and Khasia. Chittagong, Tavoy, Pegu. — Distuiu. 
Seychelles, China, Philippines. 

Branches triquetrous, soon glabrescent. Leaflet ovate or lanceolate, reaching 6-8 in. 
long, acute, rigidly subcoriaceous, glabrous above, hairy on the ribs below ; petiole 
^-H in., with a wing on each side, like the leaflet in texture, j^-^ in, broad. Racemes 
^-1 ft. long, axillary and terminal ; pedicels ascending, ^-:|- in. Calyx ^ in., campa- 
nulate ; upper teeth deltoid, lowest linear. Pod 1-2 in. long, 6-8-jointed, glabrous or 
pubescent ; joints nearly square ; lower suture faintly indented. 

SuBGEN. 6. Desxnodlum proper. Erect herbs or uudershrubs with 



164 L. LEGUMiNOSiE, (J. G. Baker.) \J)esmodium. 

large 1-3-foliolate leaves, flowers often 2 or several from a node in long racemes 
simple or panicled, deciduous bracts and distinctly jointed pods. 

* J<nnt8 of pod indehiscent, 3-5 times as long as broad (Scokpiueus, Benth.') 

9. D. ormocarpoides, DC. Prodr. ii. 327 ; petiole produced, leaves 
1-foliolate, joints 6-8 flattened distinctly constricted. D. zonatum, Miq. Flor. . 
Ind. Bat. i. 260. Hedysarum ormocarpoides, Desv. MSS. H. adhserens, Poir. 
Diet. Suppl. V. 15, non Vahl. 

Hills of West Peninsula ; Wight, Bcddotne ; and Cetlon, Gardner, Thwaites. 

Stems woody, slender, obtusely angular, finely downy when young. Leaflet ovate, 
acute, rigidly subcoriaceous, 4-6 in. long, inconspicuously downy below ; petiole ^-1 in. 
Racemes terminal only, 6-9 in. long ; fascicles of flower few and distant ; bracts mi- 
nute, setaceous ; pedicels |-f in., finally subpatent. Calyx '^^ in., pubescent ; teeth 
short, deltoid. Pod pendulous, 3-4 in. long, under \ in. broad ; joints ribbed horizon- 
tally, clothed with minute hooked hairs, distinctly consjbricted at both sutures. 

10. I>. teres, Wall. Cat. 5694; petiole very short, leaves 1-foliolate, joints 
10-12 very narrow turgid 4-5 times as long as broad, Benth. PI. Jungh. 225. 

AvA ; Taong-dong mountains, Wallich. 

Branches woody, terete, very slender, finely downy. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, 
acute, 4-6 in. long, rounded at the base, subcoriaceous, glabrous above, reticulato- 
venose, minutely hairy on the ribs below; petiole ^-\ in. Racemes terminal and 
axillary, lax, 6-9 in. long, sparsely panicled ; bracts minute, subulate ; pedicels 
downy, ^-^ in., finally spreading. Calyx ~ in., densely hairy ; teeth as long as the 
tube. Pod 1^2 in. by ^ in. br., clothed with minute hooked hairs, subsessile, 
scarcely constricted between the joints. 

11. Xi. laxiflorum, DC. Prodr. ii. 335; leaves 3-foliolate, joints 6-10 
narrow flattened 3-4 times as long as broad. D. bicolor. Wall. Cat. 5719. D. 
elongatum, Wall. Cat. 5715. D. leptostachyum, Wall. Cat. 5697 B. D. sul- 
catum, Wall. Cat. 5736. D. recurvatum, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5717 ; W, ^' A, 
Prodr. 226; Wight Ic. t. 374. D. difiusum, DC. Prodr. ii. 335, non 336. 
D. Rottleri, G. Don Gen. Syst. ii. 296 ? non Bake?-. Hedysarum recurvatum, 
JRoib. Hort. Beng. 57; Fl. Ind. iii. 358; Wight Ic. t. 409. II. diffusum, 
Bo.vb. Fl. Ind. ii'i. 357, non Willd. H. Roxburghii, Spreng. Syst. App. 292. 
H. Rottleri, Spreng. Syst. iii. 320. 

HiMAXAYAs, temperate and tropical regions from Gthtjewhax and Kumaon to Assam, 
ascending to 6000 ft. in Stkkim and Kumaon. "Western Peninsula, Ava, Pegu, 
Tenasserim. — DiSTRiB. Java, Borneo, Philippines. 

An erect undershrub, 3-5 ft. high, with obtusely angled branches, clothed with 
dense short hairs. Petiole 1-2 in. ; leaflets membranous or subcoriaceous, glabrous 
above, clothed with adpressed minute hairs beneath ; end one usually ovate or broad 
objong, acute, sometimes obovate, subobtuse, 4-6 in. long. Racemes copious, axillarj' 
and terminal, the latter often compound, often a foot long ; flowers several to a node 
and the nodes close ; pedicels ^-\ in., finally spreading ; bracts minute, linear-subu- 
late. Calyx under ~ in., densely hairy ; teeth lanceolate, longer than the tube. Pod 
1-1^ in., rarely 2 in., by — in., clothed with minute hooked hairs, not at all or slightly 
cons'tricted at the joints. 

** Joints of pod indehiscent, as broad as long, sjnrally ticisted] both sutures 
deeply indented (Ohalakitjm, DC.) 

■ 12. D. spirale, DC. Prodr. ii. 332 ; Benth. in Mart. Fl. Bras. xv. 1C5, 
with many synonyms. J). Aparines, Hassk. PL Jav. 366, non DC. Hedysarum 
spirale, Szvartz Fl, Ind. Dec. 1273. 



Desmodium.'] L. leguminos^e. (J. G. Baker.) 165 

North-west provinces, Hoyle; Btjndelcuio), Edgeworih. — Disteid. Trop. 
America, Africa, Polynesia. 

A caespitose erect annual, ^-2 feet high, with very slender glabrous stems. Leaves 
distinctly petioled, 3-loliolate, green, membranous, suhglabrous ; end one ovate or lan- 
ceolate, ^-H in. long. Bacemes copious, axillary and terminal, the latter much pa- 
nicled; bracts minute, setaceous; pedicels filiform, patent, glabrous, ^^^ in. Calyx 
■^ in. ; teeth as long as the tube. Pod §-^ in. long, ^^-j^ broad, 4-6-jointed, glabrous. 

*** Joints of pod indehiscent, longer than hroad, the lowest one distinctly 
stalked, the constrictions reaching from the lower nearly to the upper suture, 
(PoDOCAKPiTJM, Benth.) 

13. D. podocarpum, DC. Prodr. ii. 33G ; corolla small, bracts linear 
minute, stalk of pod 3-4 times as long as the calyx, pedicels short, joints 
truncate at the apex. Wall. Cat. 6711, non Hook. ^' Am. Bot. Beech, t. 98. 
D. japonicum, Miq. Ann. Mus. Lugd. Bat. iii. 46. 

Temperate and tropical Himalayas, alt. 2-7000 ft. ; from Simla and Guewhal to 
Khasia and Sikkim, — Distrib. China, Japan. 

Steins 2-3 ft., herbaceous, angular, erect, finely pubescent. Stipules small, seta- 
ceous ; petiole 1-3 in. ; leaflets 3, membranous, both surfaces subglabrcscent, the lower 
one pale ; end one roundish, subacute, 2-3 in. long, with a deltoid base. Bacemes few, 
very lax, axillary and terminal, the latter reaching a foot long, copiously panicled ; 
bracts minute, linear ; pedicels under ^ in. Calyx turbinate. — in., slightly bristly ; 
teeth deltoid, very short. Corolla ^ in. Joints 1-2, ^ in. long by half as broad, 
half-rhomboidal, pubescent, the upper suture flattened. 

Var. laxum ; leaflets larger, the end one 2-3 times as long as broad narrowed 
gradually to a point. D. laxum, DC. loc. cit. Hedysarum laxum, Spreng. Syst. App. 
292. D. trincrve, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5720. — Kumaon, Nipal and Sikkim. 

14. D. <3-ardneri, Benth. PI. Jungh. 226; coroUa small, bracts setaceous 
minute, stalk of pod 8-12 times thg calyx, pedicels moderately long-, joints ob- 
lique or truncate at the apex. D. bambusetorum, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 266 ? 
D. podocarpum, Miq. Ann. Mus. Lugd. Bat. iii. 46, non DC. 

West Peninsula, Shevagcrry hills, Dr. Wight. Ceylon, Gardner. — Disteib. 
Japan. 

General habit of the last, of which it is perhaps a mere southern variety. Stipules 
linear, ^-^ in. ; petiole 2-3 in. ; leaflets 3, membranous, subglabrcscent, the end one 
narrow-ovate, 4-6 in. long, narrowed gradually to a point. Pedicels ^-^ in. ; bracts, 
calyx and corolla of D. podocarpum. Joints 2-3, ^— g in. long, ^ in. broad, cut away 
in an oblique line from opposite the point to the base ; stalk of pod ^-^ in. long. 

16. D. dolabriforme, Benth. PI. Jungh. 226 ; corolla small, bracts mi- 
nute setaceous, stalk of pod 2-3 times as long as the calyx, pedicels short, joints 
oblique at the apex. 

Western Peninsula, Carnatic, near Courtallum, Wight; Tinnevelley, Beddome. 

Leaves crowded on an erect stem a few inches high. Stipules small, lanceolate, 
persistent ; petiole 1-1| in. ; leaflets 3, membranous, both surfaces green, lower ob- 
scurely pilose, end one ovate, narrowed gradually to an obtuse point, twice as long as 
broad, 1^2 in. long, base deltoid. Bacemes simple, lax, long-peduncled, terminal, 2-3 
in. long f pedicels |-^ in., finally patent. Calyx ^ in., turbinate ; lower tooth lanceo- 
late, as long as the tube, upper deltoid. Joint solitary, half-rhomboidal, 3 in. long, 
three times ;'.s long as broad, narrowed gradually from above the middle to the tip and 
stalk. 

16. Z>. Scalpe, DC. Prodr. ii. .'io-i ; corolla large, bracts large ovate, pe- 
dicels very long, stalk of pod twice as long as the calvx. D. strangulatiun, W. 
§• A. Prodr. 228 j Wight Ic. t. 986. D. trichocaulon/ JSTomA;. PI. Jav. Ror. 367, 



166 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Desmodium, 

mm DC. B. cafirum, Eckl ^- Zey. Hei'b. Cap. No. 1662. D. Schimperi, Hochst. : 
A. Rich. Fl. Abyss, i. 205. D. abyssinicum and repandum, DC. Prodr. ii. 338 
and 334 ? 

Hills of the Westeek Peninstjla and Ceylon. — Disteib. Malay and Mascaren 
isles, Abyssinia, Natal. , 

Stems 3-4 feet high, erect, "woody in the lower part, densely downy. Stipules 
\-}^ in., lanceolate, persistent ; petiole 2-3 in. ; leaflets 3, membranous, finely downy 
on both surfaces, often slightly repand; end one 2-4 in. long, roundish- or obovate-rhom- 
boidal, base and apex subdeltoid. Racemes very lax, mostly terminal, often afoot 
long, simple or forked at the base ; bracts boat-shaped, enclosing the buds, soon falling ; 
pedicels capillary, permanently ascending, lower 1-1 i in. long. Calyx \ in., downy; 
lower tooth lanceolate, as long as the tube ; upper deltoid. Corolla |— | in., bright red. 
Joints 1-3, half-rhomboidal, \-^ in. Idng by half as broad ; apex oblique ; upper 
.suture rather recurved. 

17. ID. Obcordatum, Kurz in Joum. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 229 ; co- 
rolla small, bracts large linear-subulate caducous, stalk of pod not longer than 
tlie calyx. Uraria obcordata, Miq. Flor. Incl. Bat. Suppl. 114, 305. 

Tenasseeem, Kurz. 

A twining perennial, 3-4 ft. high, with puberalous stems. Stipules lanceolate, 
\ in.; petiole |— 1 in.; leaflets chartaceous, pale, thinly downy and prominently 
veined beneath, end one obcordate-lunate, ^2 in. broad, emarginate with a mucro, 
lateral ones smaller, deltoid. Bacemes slender, pubescent, axillary and forming a 
terminal panicle ; bracts very caducous. Calyx ^^ in., pubescent ; teeth lanceolate, 
acuminate. Corolla purple, under | in. Joints of pod 1-3, round-hastate, ^ in. 
long and broad, flat, puberulous. 

**** Joints of pod indehiscent, once or tivice as long as hroad] upper suture 
straight or slightly imlented ; calyx-teeth deltoid, never exceeding the tube (DoL- 
LINEKA, Endl.) All shrubby. 

t Leaves 1-foliolate. 

18. D. oblong'uin, Wall. Cat. 5714 ; leaflets 3-4 times as long as broad 
thinly silky beneath. Benth, PI. Jungh. 224. 

AvA. ; Taong-dong mountains, Wallich. 

Stems slender, woody, finely downy. Leaflet oblong, 3-5 in. long, obtuse, rounded at 
the base, subcoriaceous, green, glabrous above ; petiole ^-f in. Bacemes very lax, 
axillary and terminal, copiously panicled, 4-6 in. long, most of the flowers in distant 
pairs ; pedicels |-^ in. ; bracts \ in., ovate-cuspidate. Calyx -^ in., lowest tooth 
lanceolate, as long as the txibe. Corolla f in. Pod |-1 in. long, ^ in. broad, 6-7- 
jointed, thinly closely silky, the upper suture slightly indented. 

19. D. oblatum, Baker; Kurz in Jown. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 230 ; 
leaflet broader than long glabrous beneath. 

BiEMA ; forests of Pegu, Ava and Martaban, Ktirz. 

Stems slender, woody, glabrous. Leaflet membranous, |-1 in. long, 1-^- in. broad, 
green above, grey-green beneath ; petiole |— |in. Bacemes very lax, axillary and ter- 
minal, the end one panicled ; pedicels erecto-patent, \-\ in. Calyx ^ in., thinly 
silky ; teeth as long as the tube, lowest lanceolate, the others deltoid. Corolla 3-4 
times the calyx. Pod |-f in. long, ^ in. broad, 3-4-jointed, subglabrous, distinctly 
stalked ; upper suture slightly indented. — Very near D. renifcrme, DC, from which it 
differs by its longer pedicels and more deeply indented pod. 

tt Leaves S-foliolate. 

20. I>. sinuatum, Blume MSS. ; leaflets repand, pedicels short, corolla 
small, bi-acts setaceous, joints many small clothed with minute hooked hairs. D. 
strangidatum var. sinuatum, Miq. Flor. Lnd. Bat. i. 255. 



Desmodium.'] l. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 167 

Khasia, tropical zoDe, alt. 3-5000 ft., Hook. fil. ^- TItomson. Misiimi, Griffith. — 
DiSTRiu. Malay isles. 

Branches terete, woody, minutely downy. Petiole 1-1^ in. ; leaflets subcoria- 
ceous, pale, minutely downy or nearly glabrescent beneath ; end one roundish-rhom- 
boidal, obtuse, 2-3 in. long, conspicuously repand in the upper half. Racemes copious, 
terminal and axillary, moderaLely close, not more than 3-4 in. long ; pedicels ^-^ in., 
tinely downy. Cal?/.T ^^ in. ; teeth as long as the tube. Corolla \ in. Pod 1^1 jj in. 
long, under ^- in. broad ; joints 8-12, as broad as long. 

21. I>. fioribundum, G. Don Gen. Syst. ii. 297 •, leaflets entire, pedicels 
short, corolla large, bracts lanceolate large, joints many small clothed with ad- 
pressed silky hairs. D. miiltillormu, DC. Prodr. ii. 335; W(dl. Cat. 5705, D. 
angiilatmu, DC. Prodr. ii. 335, non Wall. D. dubinm, Lindl. Hot. Rey. t. 0G7 ; 
Bot. May. t. 2960. D. sambuense, DC. Prodr. ii. 335 ? Iledysarmu iloribun- 
dmu, Don Prodr. 244. H. Wallichianmu, Spreny. Syst. App. 292. II. sam- 
"biiense, Don Prodr. 243 ? 

HiMAiAYAS, tropical and temperate zones, from the Upper Punjab to Khasia, 
ascending to 7000 ft. 

Branches woody, angular, densely pubescent. Stipules lanceolate, A in. ; leaflets 
subcoriaceous, green, with a few adpressed hairs above, densely clothed with ad- 
pressed grey silky hairs and finely reticulato-venose beneatli ; end one obovate-oblong, 
3-4 in. long, obtuse or subacute. Racevies very copious, axillary and terminal, mo- 
derately close, 3-6 in. long, often second; bracts acuminate, ciliated, \ in. long; pe- 
dicels \ in,, erecto-patent, finely hairy. Calyx g in. ; teeth as long as the tube. Corolla 
^-^ in. Pod f-1 in. long, under \ in. br. ; joints 6-8, rather longer than broad. 

22. Z>. confertum, DC. Prodr. ii. 335 ; leaflets entire, pedicels short, 
bracts and corolla large, joints few large densely clothed with spreading silky 
hairs. D. barbatimi, Wall. Cat., 5724, non Benth. (Hedysarum, Linn.) 

Central and East Himalayas, alt. 2-4000 ft. ; Nipal, Sikkim and Khasia. 

Branches terete, finely downy when young. Petiole 1-H in. ; leaflets subcoria- 
ceous, glabrous above, distinctly reticulato-venose, pale, minutely hairy below; end one 
obovate or oblong, obtuse or acute, 3-6 in. long. Bacemes copious, short, dense, 
axillary and terminal, the latter panicled, often subsecund ; bracts ^ in, long, lanceo- 
late, scariose ; pedicels ^-\ in., ascending. Calyx ^ in., turbinate, subglabrous ; 
lower teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube ; upper deltoid. Corolla 3-4 times the calyx. 
Pod 1-H in. long, under \ in. broad ; joints 3-4, twice as long as broad, the constric- 
tion from below reaching more than half way through. 

23. X>. ozypbyllum, DC. Prodr. ii. 336 ; leaflets acute thinly silky be- 
neath, pedicels long, bracts lanceolate acuminate, corolla Large, joints many large 
glabrescent. D. serrifermn, JVall. Cat. 5708 B. 

Central and East Himalayas, tropical and temperate zones. Kumaon and Simla 
to Assam and Khasia, ascending to 7000 ft. 

Branches slender, terete, soon glabrescent. Petiole 1-Hin. ; leaflets raerabranous 
or subcoriaceous, green, glabrous above, pale, thinly grey-silky beneath ; end one obo- 
vate-oblong, usually twice as long as broad, narrowed gradually to .a point, entire or 
obscurely repand, 2-4 in, long. Racemes copious, short, moderately close, axillary 
and terminal, the' tter much panicled ; bracts lanceolate, acuminate, ciliated, \ in. long; 
pedicels ascending, subglabrous ^-4 in. Calyx ■^■:; in., subglabrous; teeth very short. 
Corolla i^-^ in. Pod 2-3 in. long, \ in. broad, shortly stalked; joints 0-10, rather 
longer than broad. 

Var. serriferum ; leaflets obtuse repand densely silky beneath, pedicels spread- 
ing or deflexed ^-| in. long clothed with spreading silky hairs like the calyx, D 
serriferum, Watl. Cat. 5708 A. D. polycarpum, Wall. Cat. 6710, non DC. — Nipal, 
Wallich. 



168 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Besmodium, 

24. D. tilieefolium, G. Don. Gen. Si/st. ii. 207 ; leaflets obtuse or sub- 
acute densely lioary beneath, pedicels moderately long, bracts lanceolate, corolla 
large, joints many thinlv clothed with adpressed silky hairs. Wall. Qit. 5707. 
D. nutans. Wall. Cat.. 5706 ; Bot. Mog. t. 2867. D. argenteum, Wall. Cat. 
6713. Hedysarum tilisefolium, Don Prodr. 244:. 

All along the Himalayas from the Uppee Punjab to Tavoy, temperate and tro- 
pical zones, ascending to 9000 ft. 

Branches slender, terete, finely downy. Petiole 2-3 in ; leaflets thick, flexible, 
subcoriaceous, green, glabrescent above, more or less densely persistently matted with 
whitish silky hairs beneath ; end one broad obovate, 2-4 in. long, entire or obscurely 
repand, base deltoid or rather rounded. Racemes copious, lax, often a foot long, ax- 
illary and terminal, the latter often copiously panicled, with lower branches again 
compound ; pedicels |-| in., ascending, finely downy. Calt/x ^ in., downy ; teeth del- 
toid, shorter than the tube. Corolla |— ^ in. Pod 2-3 in. long, ^ in. broad ; joints 
6-9, longer than broad. 

***** Joints of 2iod as in the last yroup, hut the calyx-teeth narroicer and 
longer. (Heteroloma, Benth.) 

t Leaves 1-foliolate. 

25. D. flezuosum, Wall. Cat. 5691 ; leaflet membranous orbicular gla- 
brous on the upper surface. Benth. PI. Jungh. 224. 

!BiRMA ; Prome hills, Wallich, 

Stems slender, woody, flexubse, trailing, clothed throughout with spreading or de- 
flexed bristly hairs. Leaflet 2-3 in. long and broad, obtuse, or obscurely cuspidate, 
rounded or slightly cordate at the base, thinly coated with adpressed grey hairs be- 
low ; petiole 1-1^ in. Racemes terminal and lateral, distinctly peduncled, 2-3 in. long, 
moderately close ; pedicels ^ in., slender, ascending ; bracts setaceous, minute. Calpx 
jq in., bristly, teeth lanceolate. Corolla ^ in. Pod glabrescent, 5-6-jointed, only 
Been immature. 

26. I>. g'ang'Cticuxn, DC. Prodr. ii. 327 ; leaflet membranous or sub- 
coriaceous oblong entire acute glabrescent on the upper surface. Wall. Cat. 
6689; W. ^- A. Prodr. 225; Wight Lc. 271; Dalz. i^- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. m. 
D. latifolium, Wight Lc. t. 272, non i. 270. Hedysarmn gangeticmu^ Linn. ; 
Fl. Lnd. iii. 349. H. collimim, Roxh. loc. cit. 

Himalayas (ascending to 5000 ft. on the Chenab) to Pegu and Ceylox. — Distrib. 
Trop. Africa, Malay isles, Philippines, China ; introduced in West Indies. 

Stems suberect, "reaching 3-4 ft. high, woody, slightly angular, clothed with short 
grey down upwards. Leaflet oblong, usually 3-6 in. long, not more than ^-^ as 
broad, rounded at the base, naiTOwed gradually to an acute point, thinly clothed be- 
neath with adpressed grey hairs, not reticulato-venose ; petiole |-1 in. Racemes 
Copious, ascending, lateral and terminal, the latter sublax, 6-12 in. long, simple or 
with a few short ascending branches in the lower part ; pedicels yu-:^- in., ascending; 
bracts minute, setaceous. Calyx under ~ in., finely downy ; teeth lanceolate. Corolla 
|-^ in. Pod falc.ite, ^| in. long, j^-^ in. broad, 6-8-jointed, glabrescent or clothed 
with minute hooked hairs. 

Var. macidatum; dwarf, a foot or less high, leaflet roundish-cordate 1 in. or 
less Ions:. Bill. Hart. Elth. t. 141, fig. 168. D. maculatum, DC. Prodr. ii. 327 ; Wall. 
Cat. 5690. Hedysarum maculatum, Linn. Sp. PL 1051. — Eohilcund, Upper Bengal, 
&c. 

27. D. latifolium, DC. Prodr. ii. 327; leaflet ovate thick subcoriaceous 
obscurelv repand usually subobtuse persistently scabrous with adpressed bristly 
hairs on^the upper surface. Wall. Cat. 5692 ; W. ^' A. Prodr. 225 ; Wi(j7it Ic. 
t. 270 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 66. D. collinum, Wall. Cat. 5693. D. 



Besmodium.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 169 

lasiocarpum, DC. loc. cit. D. virgatum, Zolling in Flora, 1847, 697. Iledysarum 
latifolium, Roxh. Hort. Bcmj. 57 ; FL Ind. iii. 350 ; Ker. Bot. Reg. t. 355. 
Anarthrosyne cordata, Klotzsch in Peters Mossamb. Bot. 30, t. 7. 

HiMALAYiLs (ascending to 4000 ft. in Sikkim) to Birma, Siam and Ckylox. — Dis- 
TRiB. Trop. Africa, Madagascar, Malay isles, Philippines ; introduced in AV. Indies. 

An erect underslirub, 3-6 ft. high, with terete branches densely clothed with short 
brown pubescence. Leaflets 3-6 in. long, l|-2 as long, as broad, usually cordate or 
truncate, rarely deltoid at the base, reticulato-venose, densely clothed with short soft 
brown hairs beneath ; petiole ^-\ in. Racemes copious, ascending, 2-6 in. long, ses- 
sile or short-peduncled, spike-like, usually dense, axillary and terminal, the latteif 
compound; pedicels -/tt in. or less, densely downy ; braets minute, setaceous. Calyx 
2^ in. ; teeth linear-lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla 3-4 times calyx. Pod 
^-^ in. long, ~ in. broad, 4-6-jointed, densely clothed with minute hooked hairs, the 
upper suture slightly indented. 

ft Leaves S-foliolafe. 

28. I>. Thwaitesli, Baker ; hterbaceous, stems slender terete, leaflets obo- 
vate entire, bracts lauceolate-aciiniinate middle-sized, joints twice as long as 
broad. D, strangulatum, var. minor, Thicaites Enmn. 87. 

Ceylon, Thwaites C.P. 3327. 

Stevis a foot or more long, clothed upwards with dense spreading grey hairs. Petiole 
■^^ in. ; leaflets membranous, green, glabrous above, clothed below with short ad- 
pressed grey hairs ; end one 1-1 5- in. long. Racemes few, long-pedunclcd, lateral and 
terminal, lax, few-flowered ; pedicels ^-| in., spreading or ascending. Calyx under 
^^ in. ; teeth lanceolate. Corolla i in. Pod 1-1| in. by ^ in. ; joints about 4, minutely 
pubescent, scarcely constricted at the upper suture. — Habit of i). polycarpuin var. iri- 
cJiocaulon, from which it differs by its pod, long pedicels, and lax racemes. 



29. I>. Wig'litii, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5718 ; herbaceous, stems slender an- 
gular, leaflets ovate-oblong acute subrepand, bracts minute setaceous, joints small 
as long as broad. W. S,- A. Prodr. 226 ; Thivaites Fnuni. 87. D. Walkeri, Am. 
Fuff. IS. B. Vryom, BC. Prodr. u. SU? 

NiLGHita Hills and Ceylon. 

Stems erect, clothed when young with fine short spreading grey hairs. Stipules 
large, lanceolate, acuminate, not amplexicaul ; petiole 1-1^ in. ; leaflets membranous 
or subcoriaceous, green and smooth above, grey clothed with short adpressed hairs 
beneath ; end one 2-4 in. long, narrowed gradually to a point. Racemes copious, lax, 
lateral and terminal, the latter reaching a foot long, usually simple ; pedicels ^-f in., 
ascending or spreading. Calyx ~ in. ; teeth lanceolate, longer than the tube. Corolla 
3 times calyx. Pod i-f in. long, under ^ in. broad, glabresceat, 4-6-jointed; upper 
suture distinctly indented. 

30. D. diffusum, DC. Prodr. ii. 336, non 335 ; herbaceous, stems stout 
angular deeplv sulcate, leaflets obovate entire, bracts minute lanceolate, joints 
small as long as broad. V/. ^' A. Prodr. 226; Wight Ic. t. 298. D. dichoto- 
mum, DC. Prodr. loc. cit. D. Roxburghii, Wall. Cat. 5716. D. ^Villdenovii, 
G. Don Gen. Sgst. ii. 296. D. quinquaugulare, Wight Ic. t. 293. Iledysarmu 
diff'usum and dichotommn, Willd. Sp. P/. iii. 1180. H. articidatmu and quln- 
quangulatimi, Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 355. 

Plains of the "Westeun Peninsula, Bundelkund, Bengal and Pkome, ascending 
to 4000 ft. in the Vindhia chain {Edgeworth). 

Stems 1-2 ft. long, diffuse, crespitose, prominently angled, clothed with spreading 
grey hairs. Stipules large, leafy, amplexicaul, aiiricled ; petiole 1-li in. ; leaflet* 



170 L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) [Desmodium. 

subcoriaceoiis, rather scabrous above, with obscure adpressed hairs, reticulato-venose, 
finely grey-downy below ; end one obtuse, obovate, rarely roundish or oblong, 2-3 in. 
long. Racemes copious, lateral and terminal, lax or moderately close, reaching a foot 
long, the end one panicled; pedicels ^\ in., pubescent, erecto-patent. Calyx J- in. ; 
teeth deep, setaceous. Corolla twice the calyx, the smallest pf all the species. Fad ^-J 
in. long, —--^ in. broad ; joints 4-6, densely clothed with minute spreading hooked grey 
hairs ; upper suture distinctly indented. 

31. I>. sequax, Wall. PL As. Rar. t. 157 ; shrubby, branches terete, 
leaflets ovate-oblong acute repand, bracts very minute^ upper suture slightly in- 
dented. Wall. Cat. 5712. 

Along the Himalayas from Simla and Kumaox to Sikkim, alt. 4-7000 ft. 

A shrub, reaching 2-30 ft. high, the branches clothed with dense short grey or 
brown pubescence. Petioles 1-2 in.; leaflets subcoriaceou'*, subscabrous, with short 
obscure adpressed hairs above, grey and more densely hairy beneath ; end one 3-5 in, 
long, narrowed gradually to a point. Eacemes copious, moderately lax, lateral and 
terminal, 2-4 in, long, the end one panicled ; pedicels ^-\ in., downy, spreading or 
ascending. Calyx Y^iti. ; teeth lanceolate. Corolla 3 times calyx. Pod i-f in. long, 
— in. broad, 6-8-jointed, short-stalked, densely clothed with minute spreading 
hooked hairs. 

32. ]D. concinnum, DC. P?'odr. ii. 335 ; shrubby, branches terete, 
leaflets oblong entire obtuse, bracts large ovate, upper sutm-e not indented. D. 
pendulum, Wall. PI. As. Par. t. 94. D. pendulitiorimi, Wall. Cat. 5727. D. 
paucinerviuin, DC. Prodr. 11. 336. 

All along the Himalayas from the Upper Punjab to Silhet and Khasia, ascend- 
ing to 7000 ft. in Simla. Pegu, McClelland. 

A tall shrub, with slender drooping branches, densely clothed at first with short 
grey pubescence. Petioles ^1 in. ; leaflets subcoriaceous, green, smooth above, with 
raised parallel main veins and clothed with adpressed grey or brownish silky hairs 
beneath; end one 2-3 in. long; side ones smaller. Pacemes copious, lax, lateral and 
terminal, the latter often \-\ ft. long, usually simple ; pedicels ^-| in., ascending; 
bracts ^-f in,, closely imbricated, densely silky. Calyx -^ in. ; teeth lanceolate-del- 
toid. Corolla |-^ in. Pod ^1 in. long, ^ in, broad, short-stalked, 4-6-jointed, 
iSinutely downy. 

Var. arricemim ; leaflets narrowed to an acute point, racemes most or all terminal. 
D. amoenum. Wall. Cat. 5726. — Khasia and Silhet. 

****** Joints of pod small, as long as hroad, sometimes sjilitting along the loiver 
suture ; upper suture straight, loiuer slightly consti'icted. Calyx-teeth long. (Nl- 
COLSONIA (DC.)) 

33. D. retroflezuxn, DC. Prodr. 11. 336 ; pedicels sharply reflexed, 
leaves usually 1-foliolate, leaflet rotundato-cordate. D. orbiculatum. Wall. Cat. 
5695. D. rotundlfolhun. Wall. Cat. 5696. Urarla ? styracifolla, W. ^ A. Prodr. 
222. Hedysarmn retroflexum, Linn. Mant. 103. H. styraclfollum, Linn. Mant, 
103, nan aliorum. 

Assam, Silhet and Tenassbrim, tropical zone. — Distrib. China. 

Branches terete, woody, clothed with short spreading hairs at first. Leaves sub- 
coriaceous, thick, green, glabrous above, densely coated with adpressed white silky 
hairs beneath, 1-2 in. long and broad ; side leaflets when present much smaller than 
the end one ; petiole |-1 in., deflexed at tip. Eacemes copious, simple, axillary and 
terminal, very dense, subsessile, an inch or less long ; bracts ovate, ciliated ; pedicels 
^^ in. Calyx i in., densely bristly. Corolla twice the calyx. Pod f-^ in. long, 
obscurely hairy, under ^ in. broad ; joints 3-5. 

34. ID. capitatum, DC. Prodr. 11. 336 ; leaflets always 3 obovate-cuneate, 
pedicels sharply reflexed. D. oboyatmn, Wall. Cat. 5722 B. D. polycarpum. 



Desmodium.'] L. leguminos^e. (J. G. Baker.) 171 

W. <§• A. Prodi: 227, ex parte. Hedysarum capitatiim, Barm. Fl. Ind. 1G7, t. 
G4, tig. 1. II. conicum, Poir. JEnci/c. vi. 410. Pseudartliria capitata, Hassh. 
PL Jav. Par. 390. 

Ceylon, Burmann. Prome hills, Wallich. — DistrIb. Miilay isles, Philippines. 

Branches woody, terete, argenteo-canescent when young. Petiole i-1 in. ; leaflets 
subcoriaceous, green, glabrescent above, densely persistently coated with adpressed 
white silky hairs below; end one 1-1^ in. long, retuse. Racemes copious, axillary and 
terminal, simple, dense, nearly sessile, 1-2 in. long ; pedicels ^—^ in. ; bi'acts small, 
ovate-cuspidate, ciliated. Calyx ~ in. glabrescent ; teeth deep, setaceous. Corolla 
twice the calyx. Pod ^-^ in. long, glabrescent, 4-6-jointed, ^ in. broad. 

35. D. Griffitlilanuxn, Bc7ith. PL Jungh. 222 ; herbaceous, trailing, 
leaflets 3, pedicels deflexed at the tip, corolla small. 

Khasia, alt. 4-6000 ft., Griffith, Hook. fit. ^- Thomson. 

Stems 1-2 ft. long, moderately robust, densely clothed upwards with fine spread- 
ing hairs. Petiole ^-1 in.; leaflets always 3, subcoriaceous, green, glabrous above, 
clothed with short inconspicuous adpressed hairs beneath ; end one obovate-ohlong, ob- 
tuse, 5- 1 in. long. Racemes terminal, peduncled, 2-6 in. long, dense in the upper 
part ; bracts 5— | in, OA-ate-cuspidate, densely silky; pedicels ^-^ in., silky, erecto-pa- 
tent. Calyx ^ in., densely silky ; teeth deep, setaceous. Corolla twice the calyx. Pod 
^-| in. by j^i i"-' 4-5-jointed, obscurely downy. 

^G. X>. brachystachyum, Grah. MSS. ; herbaceous, trailing, leaves 
1-foliolate, pedicels retiexed at the tip. Benth. PL Jamjh. 223. 

Upper Gtangetic Plain, Hamilton, Edgeworth, ^c. 

Stems csespitose, slender, a foot long, glabrous except at the top. Leaflets round- 
or broad-oblong, cordate, \-l\ in. long, obtuse or emarginate, subcoriaceous, glabrous 
above, reticulato-venose and inconspicuous hairy below ; petiole ^ in. Racemes copi- 
ous, close, under 1 in. long, axillary and terminal, nearly sessile ; bracts lanceolate, 
under \ in. ; pedicel ^-^ in., abruptly cernuous at the tip, as in Uraria. Calyx ^ in., 
clothed all over with dense white hairs ; teeth long, lanceolato-cuspidate. Corolla 
twice the calyx. Pod sessile, 2-jointed, glabrous, not longer than theValyx. 

37. I>. rufescens, DC. Prodr. ii. 335? erect, shrubby, leaflets 3, pedicels 
Anally spreading or cernuous, corolla large. W. ^- A. Prodr. 228 ; Wight Ic. t. 
D84 ; Illust. t. 79. D. ferrugineum, Wall Cat. 5732 ; Thioaites Enum'. 87. 

NiLGHiRis and Ceylon, up to 4000 ft. 

An erect undershrub, with young branches densely clothed with short ferruginous 
silky hairs. Petiole 1-1^ in. ; leaflets subcoriaceous, glabrous above, more or less 
densely argenteo-canescent beneath ; end one obovate-oblong, 1-2 in. long, obtuse, 
with a mucro. Racemes usually terminal, 3-6 in. long, dense in the upper part ; 
bracts ovate-acuminate, \-'^ in., densely silky ; pedicels \-^ in., densely silky. Caly.v 
■^ in. ; teeth lanceolate, exceeding the tube ; lowest linear. Corolla y--^ in. Pod 
short-stalked, 1-1 i in. by ^ in., 6-8-jointed, minutely downy. 

38. D. polycarpum, DC. Prodr. ii. 334; shrubby, suberect, leaflets 3, 
pedicels ascending, corolla, bracts and joints of pod small. W. 4'- A. Prodr. 227 ; 
Wight Ic. t. 406, non WalL ; Dalz. i^- Gibs. Bomb. FL 00. D. augulatum, WalL 
Cat. 5729 e.v parte, non DC. D. oyalifolium, WalL Cat. 5730, D. siliquosuni, 
DC. Prodr. ii. 336. D. heterocarpum, DC. Prodr. ii. 337. D. retusum, G. 
Don Geii. Sgst. ii. 297. D. gyroidea, Hassk. PL Jav. Par. 362, non DC. D. 
Buergeri, Miq. Ann. Mus. Lugd. Bat. iii. 45. • D. nervosum, Vogcl. PL Mcgen, 
28. D. patens, Wight Ic. t. 407. Hedysarum polycarpum, Lam. III. t. 028. 
II. siliquosum, Burm. FL Ind. 109, t. 55, tig. 2. II. heterocarpum, Linn. Sp. 
1054. H. purpureimi, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 57; FL Lid. iii. 358. II. retusum. 
Don Prod. 243. H. patens, Ro.ib. FL Ind. iii. 362. 



172 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J, G. Baker.) [Besmodmm, 

Himalayas, (ascending to 5000 ft.) and everywhere in the pLiin to Birma, 
]\lAtACCA and Ceylon. — Distrib. Zanzibar, Malay isles, Philippines, China, Japan, 
Polynesia. 

An erect or suberect undershrub, with woody slightly angular slender branches, 
clothed upwards with short adpressed grey hairs. Petiole ^-1 in. ; leaflets subcoria- 
ceons, greefl, glabrous above, thinly clothed with adpressed grey hairs beneath; end one 
obovate-oblong, obtuse, 1-3 in. long; side ones smaller, jffacem^s terminal and lateral, 
close, short-pednncled, 1-3 in. long, the end one sometimes branched; bracts ^-~ in. ; 
pedicels ^-^ in., glabrous. Calyx ^^ in, ; teeth acuminate, exceeding tube. Corolla 
under :| in. Pod ^^ in. long, ^ in. br., glabrescent or minutely downy, 5-8-jointed. 

Var. tricJwcaulon ; stems densely clothed upwards or throughout with spreading 
grey hairs, bracts larger, D. trichocaulon, DC. Prodr. ii. 335. D. tenue, Grah. in 
Wall Cat. 5731. D. serpens. Wall. Cat. 5733. D. angulatum. Wall. Cat. 5729, 
B, D, F, ex -parte, non DC. D. distans, Boyle MSS. — Eange of the type, ascending to 
7000 ft. in Kumaon. 

39. D. jucunduxn, Thicaites Eniim. 411 ; shrubby, erect, leaflets 3, pedi- 
cels ascending, corolla bracts and joints of pod large. 

Ceylox ; Matelle district, Tkivaites. 

An erect much-branched undershrub, the young stems densely clothed with short 
ferruginous silky hairs. Leaves coriaceous, the under side densely coated with ad- 
pressed grey or pale brown silk}^ hairs, the main veins much raised ; end one obovate- 
oblong, obtuse, 1^3 in. long; base subcuneate ; petiole ^1 in. EcLcevies terminal, 
peduncled, 4-6 m. long, close upwards; bracts f in., "ovate, silky; pedicels ^ in. 
Calyx ^ in ; teeth lanceolate, acuminate, exceeding tube. Corolla ^ in. Pod l-l^ in. 
by ^ in. ; joints 4-6, rather longer than broad, minutely downy. 

40. D. rotundifoliuxn, Baker, non Wall. ; annual, steiiLs very slender, 
leaves 1-foliolate, leaflet orbicular, racemes veiy lax few-flowered, pedicels 
ascending, corolla exserted. Alysicarpus rotundifolius, Dalzell MSS. 

Plains of Concan, Dr. Ritchie. 

Stems erect, under a foot high, with many ascending branches, thinly clothed with 
fine short spreading hairs. Leaflet round, ^| in. long, obtuse or obscurely cuspidate, 
slightly cordate, membranous, grey -green below with only a few obscure adpressed 
hairs ; petiole ^h in. Bacemes copious, terminal and lateral, the former forked, 
3-4 in. long, the lower flowers in distant pairs, upper solitary ; pedicels ^-f in. long, 
arcuate, finely pubescent. Calyx | in., thinly hairy; teeth linear-setaceous, very 
deep. Pod ^— I in. long, under ^V in. broad, falcate ; joints 3-5, glabrescent, reticu- 
late- venose. 

41. D. parvifloruxn, -Frt^er ; annual, stems very slender, leaves oblong 
1- and 3-foliolate intermixed, racemes very lax many-flowered, pedicels ascend- 
ing, corolla included. Alvsicarpus par\-iflorus, Dalz. in Hook. Keiv Journ. iii. 
211 ; Dalz. c^- Gihs. Bomb, ^lora, Go. 

Plains of Concax, Dalzell, Ritchie. Anamallay forest, Wight. 

Sterns diffuse, 1-2 ft. long, much branched, clothed with short spreading grey 
hairs. Leaflets membranous, mostly simple, oblong, 1-1^ in. long, obtuse or subacute, 
subcordate, with only a few adpressed grey hairs beneath ; side ones, if present, much 
smaller ; petiole ^— ^ in. Racemes usually terminal, simple, 4-8 in. long, the lower 
flowers in distant pairs; pedicels capillary, ^— f in., finely downy; bracts 5- in., lan- 
ceolate-cuspidate. Calyx ^ in., clothed with short bristly hairs'; teeth setaceous, very 
long. Pod sessile, falcate, -g-^ in. by jijin., 4-6-jointed, glabrescent. 

42. X>. auricomuxn, Grah. in Wall. Cat.5704t; annual, stems very slender, 
leaves all 3-foliolate, racemes very lax few-flowered, pedicels ascending, corolla 
included. Benth. PL Jiinyh. 223 ; A'h/x in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bencj. xlii. 2, 230. 

Plains of M rtaban and Tenasserim, Wallich, Heifer, Parish^ Kurz, 



Desmodium.l l. leguminos.^. '(J.G.Baker.) 173 

Stems caespitose, diffuse, 1-Hft., densely olotbed throughout with sprea.lin:; brown 
silky hairs. Leaves subcoriaceous, pale green, nearly glabrous beneath ; end leaflet 
obovate-oblong, obtuse, |-^ in. long; side ones smaller ; petiole^ in. Racemes ter- 
minal, 2-3 in. long, the lower flowers in distant pairs, upper solitary ; pedicels \-^ in. ; 
Ijracts lanceolate, \ in. Calyx ^ in., shaggy with silky hairs, like those of the stem; 
teeth linear-setaceous, very long. Pod sessile, silky, under ^ by 3^ in., 4-5-jointcd. 

SuBGEN. 7. Sag'Otia, Walp. Trailiug lierbs, with small 3-foliolate sti- 
pellate leaves, flowers in sparse lax racemes or 1-2 in the axils of the leave."?, 
deciduous bracts and distinctly jointed pods. 

* Fhtvers all 1-3 together loithout a common peduncle in the axils of tho 
leaves. 

43. D. triflorum, JDC. Prodr. ii. 384; Wall Cat. 5734 e.vcl. F. ex parte : 
Benth. in Mart. Fl. Bras. xv. 95, t, 26 ; Dalz. 4'- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. G7. D. tri- 
florum ^. minus, W. 8f A. Prodr. 229 ; Wight Ic. t. 292. D. heterophylhuu. 
Wall. Cat. 5701 C. Hedysarum triflorum, Linn. ; Roxb. Hort. Beng. 57 ; Fl. 
Ind. iii. 353. II. stipulaceum, Burm. Fl. Ind. t. 54 , flg. 2. Nicolsonia reptans, 
Meissn. in Linn. xxi. 260. Sagotia triflora, Walp. 8f Diich. in Linn, xxiii. 
738. 

Everywhere in the plains throughout India, ascending to 4000 ft. in Koiaox and 
6-7000 ft. in Kashmir and on the Chenab. — Distrib. Cosmopolitan in tropics. 

Stems caespitose, very slender, trailing i-li ft., copiously branched, clothed with 
fine spreading hairs. • Stipules lanceolate, persistent ; petiole \-^ in. ; leaflets obovate, 
^-A- in., truncate or emarginate, with a few adpressed hairs below. Pedicels \-^ in. 
Calyx pubescent, ~-\ in. ; teeth very long, setaceous. Pod |— ^ in. long, \ in. br., 
3-5-jointed, pubescent ; upper suture straight, lower slightly indented. 

** Flou'e7's some racemed, the othei's p)^dicelled in the a.vils of the leaves. 

44. D. renlforxne, DC. Prodr. ii. 327: leaTes 1-foliolate, leaflet broader 
than long, calyx-teeth and pedicels short. Wall. Cat. 5702 ; W. c^'- A. Prodr. 
230; Dalz. Sf Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 67. Hedvsarum reniforme, Li)in. ^Sp. 1051; 
Burm. Fl. Ind. t. 52, fig. 1. 

East Himalayas, Lohh ; Pro:me, Ava on the Banks of the Irrawaddi, Wallich ; 
"Western Peninsula, Wight. — Distrib. Java. 

Stern 1 ft. or more long, very slender, glabrous. Leaflet rigidly subcoriaceous, 
haK as broad again as long., ^-| in. long, truncate or emarginate, glabrous ; stipules 
linear, minute, deciduous; petiole i in., jointed at the apex. Race^nes mostly ter- 
minal, laxly 10-20-flowered and a few flowers, solitary in tho axils of the kvaves ; 
bracts linear, minute ; pedicels ^-^ in., finally cernuous. Ca/^.r under — in., turbinate, 
glabrous. Pod glabrous, ^-f in. by ^ in. ; joints 3-5, longer than broad ; upper sutur& 
straight, lower little indented. 

45. D. heteropbyllum, DC. Prodr. ii. 334; leaves 3-foliolate, calyx- 
teeth and pedicels elongated. Wall. Cat. 5701, A, B, D. D. triflorimi a. 
majus, W. 4- A. Prodr. 229 ; Wight Ic. t. 291. D. triflorum, Wall. Cat. 5734, 
F, ex 2)arte. 1). caespitosum, DC. Prodr. ii. 333. Iledvsarmu heterophvlluiu, 
Willd. Sp. PI. iii. 6201. II. reptans, Boxb. Hort. Beng. 67 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 354. 
Dicerma repens, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5740. 

East Himalayas, tropical zone; Khasia and Assa:m and along the gulf to Penaxo 
and Malacca. Plains of Peninsxjjjl and Ceylon. — Distutb. Malay isles, China, Phi- 
lippines, Mascarene isles. 

Stems 1-2 ft. long, copiously branched, clothed with dense spreading hairs. Sti- 
ptdes ^ in., lanceolate-acuminate, pcrsi!<tent : petiole |-.i in., pubescent; leaflets 



174 L, LEGUMINOSJ;. (J. G. Baker.) [Desmodmm. 

oblong or obovate-oblong, ^-1 in. long, hairy beneath. Flowers solitary or geminate 
in leaf-axils and up to 6 in copious lax racemes ; bracts rather large, lanceolate, de- 
ciduous; pedicels i-| in. Calyx ^ in., densely hairy; teeth very long, setaceous. 
Pod l-^ in., long. J-^ in. broad, glabrescent ; joints 4-5, as broad as long; upper 
suture straight, lower considerably indented. 

*** F/oivers all in lax racemes. 

46. X>. Xtottleri, Baker, non G. Don-^ stipules much shorter than the 
petiole, calyx-teeth short, ioints 1-2, constriction between them very deep. 
D. prc-emorsum, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5703 ? Eleiotis Eottleri, JV. Sf A^ Prodr. 
231. Hedysarum orbiciilatum, Rottler MSS. Oxydimn species, Bennett iV. 
Jav. Ear. 156. Stylosanthes facie oxalidea. Wall. Cat. 5974. 

Plains of Mysore, Rottler ; Prome, Wallich. 

Stems 1 ft. or more long, copiously branched, finely downy at first. Stipules linear- 
setaceous, minute ; petiole ^— | in. ; leaflets 3, obovate, f-| in. long and broad, trun- 
cate or emarginate, with a few adpressed hairs beneath. Racemes copious^ axiU;iry 
and terminal, long-peduncled, laxly 6-8-flowered ; bracts boat-shaped, hiding the buds ; 
pedicels \-^ in. Calyx ^^ in., campanulate ; teeth subdeltoid. Joints J- in. long, 
twice as long as broad, the constriction from below reaching nearly to the straight 
upper suture. 

47. I>. parvifolium, DC. Prodr. ii. 334 •, stipules as long as the petiole, 
calyx-teeth long setaceous, joints 3-4 with shallow constrictions between them. 

Wall. Cat. 5700 ; W. ^- A. Prodr. 229. D. scoparium,_ Wall. Cat. 5699. D. 
microphyllum, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 239, an DC? D, stipulaceum, Hassk. PL 
Jav. Bar. 361. Hedysanmi tenellum, Don Prodr. 243, non Kunth. 

Everywhere in the plains, from the Himalayas to Ceyxon and Ava, ascending to 
the temperate region, reaching 7000 ft.' in Kumaon. — Distrib. Malay isles, China, 
Japan. 

Stems densely csespitose and branched, wide-trailing, at first pubescent. Stipidcs 
-^ in., linear-setaceous, persistent ; leaflets oblong or obovate, pubescent below, often 
not more than |— j in. long, sometimes f-| in. Racemes copious, but usually terminal 
on the short branches, laxly 6-10-flowered; bracts boat-shaped, deciduous; pedicels 
i-i- in., permanently ascending. Calyx J--|- in., densely pubescent. Pod |-^ in. by 
~ in., finely downy ; joints as broad as long ; both sutures distinctly indented. 

Var. macrocarpum ; pod larger quite ^ in. broad, the sutures less indented, the 
iipper one nearly or quite straight. — Assam and Kliasia, Griffith, Hook. fil. ^- 
Thomson. 

SuBGEX. 8. Pleurolobiuxn, DC. Erect undershrubs, with large leaves, 
racemose flowers and indistinctly jointed pods dehiscing in a continuous line 
along the ventral suture. — An aberrant group, which perhaps should be consi- 
dered a distinct genus. 

48. D. g-yrans, DC. Prodr. ii. 326 ; branches scarcely woody, end leaflet 
iisually 4-6 times as long as broad, pod glabrescent or inconspicuously downy. 

Wall Cat 5725 ; W. ^'^A. Prodr. 227; Wight Ic. t. 294. Hedysarum gyrans, 
Zinn.; Jacq. Ic. t. 562 ; Boxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 351. Pseudarthria gyrans, Hassk. 
PI. Jav. Bar. 391. Codariocalyx gyrans, Hassk. in Walp. Bep. ii. 891. 

All along the Himalayas from Hazara to Assam, ascending to 7000 ft. ; Western 
Peninsula, Ceylon, Ava, Pegu, Tenasserim. — Distrib. Malay isles, Philippines. 

An undershrub, 3-4 ft. high, with subterete glabrous branches. Petiole |-^ in.; 
leaflets 1-3, subcoriaceous, oblong-lanceolate, 3-4 in. long, obtuse, with a little incon- 
spicuous pubescence beneath ; side ones, if present, very small, moving by jerk.-^. 
Racemes axillary and terminal, the latter copiously panicled, at first short, the flowers 



Vesmodium.] l. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 175 

hidden by the large ovate deciduous bracts, finally 3-6 in. long ; pedicels \ in., patent, 
finely downy. Calt/x ^ in., campanulate; teeth deltoid, shorter than the tube! 
Corolla ^ in. Pod l-lf in. long, ^ in. broad, falcate, 6-10-jointed, straight along 
the upper, slightly indented along the lower suture. 

Var. Roylei; end-leaflet 3-4 in. long twice as long as broad, corolla rather 
larger. D. Roylei, W. 4' A. Prodr. 227. 

49. D. gryroides, DC. Prodr. ii. 326 ; branches woody, end leaflet 2-3 
times as long as broad, pod loosely but copiously pubescent. . W(dL Cat. 6728 ; 
W. Sf A. Prodr. 227. D. pseud ogyroides, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 244. Iledy- 
sarum g}^roides, Poxb. Hort. Berg. 57. Codariocalyx gr>Toides, Hassk. in Flora, 
1842, biebl. ii. 49. 0. conicus, Hassk. in Walp. Rep. 1. 744. Pseudarthria poly- 
carpa, Hassk. PL Jav. Par. 393 (excl. spi.). 

Central and East Himalayas, tropical region ; Gurwhal to Khasl^ and Cachak ; 
Upper Bengal, Pegu, Ceylon. — Distrib. Malay isles. 

Closely allied to the last, but decidedly slirubby, reaching 8-10 ft. in height. 
Leaves obtuse, oblong or obovate-oblong, thinly or densely pubescent beneath ; side ones 
often suppressed. Racemes shorter and the terminal ones not so copiously panicled ; 
bracts under \ in. long, narrowed suddenly at the point. Corolla | in., both standard 
and keel broader. Pod similar, except in vestiture. 

51. A8B.VS, Linn. 

Climbing shrubs. Leaves with numerous deciduous leaflets. Floioers small, 
in dense racemes on axillary peduncles or short branches. Calyx campanulate, 
equal ; teeth very short. Corolla much exserted ; standard ovate, acute, adhering 
below to the staminal tube ; wings naiTow ; keel arcuate. Stamens 9, united in 
a tube slit above, the tenth absent ; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, many- 
ovuled ; style short, incm'ved, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod oblong or linear- 
oblong, flat or turgid, moderately firm, thinly septate. — Distkib. Species 5 ; 
cosmopolitan in the tropics. 

1. A. precatorius, Linn.-, DC. Prodr. ii. 381; branches and leaves 
l)eneath glabrous or thinly silky, leaflets ligulate-oblong, pod oblong turgid 3-5- 
seeded. Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 258 ; Wall. Cat. 5818 ; W. ^' A. Prodr. 236 ; 
Dab. 8,' Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 76. A. minor and pauciflorus, Desv. in Ann. Sc. Kat. 
ix. 4:18.— Pheede Hort. Mai. viii. t. 39. 

Himalayas to Ceylon and SiAii, ascending to 3500 ft.— Distrib. Cosmopolitan in 
the tropics, often planted. 

A copiously-branched climber, with slender branches. Leaves 2-3 in. long ; 
leaflets 20-40, membranous, deciduous, f-| in. by ^ -i in. Racemes many-flowered, 
crowded, usually shorter than the leaves. Calyx ^^ in., thinly silky. Corolla red- 
dish or white, 3-4 times the calyx. Pod 1-1^ in. by"f-^ in. Seeds bright scarlet and 
black, black, or whitish, or mixed black and white, as large as a pea. 

2. A. pulchellus, Wall. Cat.bSlQ; branchlets and leaves beneath glab- 
rous or thinly silky, leaflets ligulate-oblong, pod linear flat incurved 9-12- 
seeded. Thwaites Enum. 91. A. laevigatus, E. Meyer ; Harv. Fl. Cap. ii. 263. 
A. melanospermus, Hassk. ; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 1*59. A. acutifolius, Blume ; 
Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 160. 

Ktjmaon to Chittagong, Tenasserim and Birma, ascending to 3000 ft. in Sikkim ; 
Ceylon. — Distrib. Malay isles, Guinea, Natal, Kaffraria. 

General habit exactly of A. precatorhcs. Leaves 3-4 in. long; leaflets 24-30, similar 
in texture, f-IJ in. by \-^ in. Racemes more numerously flowered, on longer pedun- 
cles. Calyx and corolla eimilar. Pod incurved, 2-2i in. by ^ in., with thinner 
smooth valvea. 



176 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Ahrus. 

3. A . fruticulosas, Wall. Cat. 5820 ; branclilets and leaves densely 
silky, leaflets minute ligulate-linear, pod linear-oblong flattish 4-G-seeded. IF. 
^ A. Prodr. 236 ; Wight Ic. t. 33. 

Forests of Mysore and the Caenatic, tropical region. 

Branches more slender than in the two others. Leaves and leaflets much smaller, 
the latter 20-50, ^-^ in. by ^-^in., densely silky on both sides, or glabrescent above. 
Bacemes few-flowered, exceeding the leaves. Calyx ^ in. thinly silky ; teeth distinct. 
Fod 1-lf in. by f in. ; valves thin, at first densely silky. 

52. CZCBXt, Linn. 

Annual herbs. Leaves pinnate, rigid •, leaflets and stipules strongly veined, 
deeply toothed. Floivers solitary in the axils of the leaves. Calijx-tuhe oblique ; 
teeth lanceolate, subequal. Corolla exserted ; standard broad, exceeding the 
wings and keel. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile, 2 or 
manj-ovuled ; style incm*ved beardless, stigma capitate. Pod sessile, oblong, 
turgid, narrowed 'into the persistent style. — Distrib. Species 7, Mediterranean 
and West and Central Asian, one widely cultivated. 

1. C. arietinum, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 354 ; leaflets close oblanceolate 
or oblong, corolla scarcelv half as long again as the calvx," pubescence of pod 
short and fine. Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 324 ; Wall Cat. 5949 ; W. ^' A. Prodr. 
235 ; Wight Ic. t. 20 ; Pot. Mag. t. 2274 ; Boiss. FL Onent. ii. 560. 

Commonly cultivated in the northern provinces and Nilghiris. — Disthlb. Cultivated 
in various temperate and tropical countries. 

A viscose much-branched annual. Leaves l-2]in., with usually a terminal leaflet; 
stipules small, with a few long teeth. Peduncle ^-f in. Calyx ^— ^ in. ; teeth linear, 
2-3 times the tube. Pod oblong, |-1 in. 

2. C. soong'aricuxn, Steph.; DC. Prodr. ii. 354; leaflets lax obovate- 
cuneate, corolla twice the calyx, pubescence of pod dense. Jaub. Sr Spach III. 
PL Or. t. 43 B. 0. microphvllum, Benth. in Boyle III. 200. 0. Jacquemontii, 
Jaub. ^ Spach in Ann. Sc. Nat. ii. 18, 231; Boiss. FL Orient, ii. 563. 

Western Himaiatas, temperate and alpine region, alt. 9-15,000 ft. ; Pixi, Lahul, 
KuMAOK, Tibet, &c. — Distrib. Orient, Afghanistan, Songaria. 

A very diffuse annual, with wiry finely pubescent or subglabrous stems. Leaves 
3-4 in. long, ending in a spinil tendril; leaflets in 10-12 pairs, growing gradually 
smaller upwards, subcoriaceous, strongly veined ; stipules |-4 in., deeply sharply pal- 
matifid. Pedicels \\ in., with a large bract at the curve. Calyx very gibbous, f in. ; 
teeth lanceolate, 2-3 times the tube. Pod linear-oblong, 1 in. long. 



53. VXCZA, Linn. 

Annual or perennial herbs. Leaves equally pinnate, ending in twisted 
tendrils. Flowers subsessile, or in peduncled racemes in the axils of the leaves. 
Calyx-tube campanulate, often oblique ; teeth long, often unequal. Corolla more- 
or iess exserted ; standard broad ; keel shorter than the wings, Stamem dia- 
delphous, the mouth of the sheath very oblique ; anthers uniform. Ovary 
nearlv sessile, 2- or maiiy-ovuled ; style' short, filiform or slightly flattened, 
stigma capitate. Pod flattish, continuous within. — Disteib. Species 180, spread 
principally through the north temperate zone. 

SuBGEN. 1. XSrvum, Linn, ex parte. Annuals, with flowers in spars© 
peduncled racemes, i-arely solitary. Style finely downy all roimd near the tip. 



Vicia.'] L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) 177 

1. V. tetrasperma, Moench Meth. 148 ; stems glabrous, peduncles 
1-2-flowered, pods glabrous S-i-seeded. Boiss. Fl. Oi'ient. ii. 596. Ervum 
tetraspermum, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 367. 

North-west Himalayas, temperate region, rare; Kumaon, &c. — Thomson, Edge- 
worth, &o. — DisTRiB. Europe, Orient, &c. 

Stems very slender, copiously branched. Leaves about 1 in. long ; leaflets 3-4 pairs, 
obtuse or acute, \-^ in. long. Flowers on copious axillary peduncles about as long as 
the leaves. Calyx — in. Corolla lilac, distinctly exserted. Pod linear-oblong, 
iin. 

2. V. Iilrsuta, Koch Si/nops. 191 ; steins pubescent, peduncles .3-6-flowered, 
pods hairy 2-seeded. Baiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 695. Ervum. hirsutmn, Linn. ; 7F. (^- A. 
Prodr. 2'So ; Poxb. Fl. Lnd. iii. 323. E. filiforme, Poxb. in Wall. Cat. 5965. 
E. Lens, Wall. Cat. 5954 0. 

North-west Provinces, from the Punjab to Nipal, in the tropical and temperate 
region, frequent in cidtivated grounds, ascending to 6000 ft. ; Nilghieis. — Distrib. 
Europe, Orient, &c. 

Stems rather stronger than in the last. Leaves longer, ending in an intricate ten- 
dril ; leaflets 5-8 pairs, ^-1 in., truncate. Peduncles shorter than the leaves. Corolla 
smaller, scarcely exserted from the calyx. Pod ^-| in. long, oblique, more turgid, 
finally black. 

SuBGEN. 2. Cracca. Perennials with numerous flowers in peduncled 
racemes. Style finely downy all round near the tip. 

3. V. tenera, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5928 ; leaflets 12-16 distant narrow 
ligulate, racemes laxly many-flowered as long as their pedimcles, lower calyx- 
teeth linear-subulate, corolla small pale. Benth. in Poijle III. 200. 

Western Himalayas ; Simla, Gxjrwhal, Kuil^on, alt. 3-8000 ft. ; Silhet, JVallich. 

A slender straggling subglabrous climber. Leaves 2-3 in. long ; leaflets mem- 
branous, |-1 in. by ^^ in. broad, acute, finely silky beneath ; stipules small, deeply 
toothed. Bacemes 6-20-flowered, 1-2 in. long. Cali/x i in., subglabrous ; teeth 
very unequal, upper deltoid. Corolla | in. Pod oblique, linear, glabrous, rostrate, 
1^ in. long, 6-8-seeded. 

4. V. tenuifolia, Poth; DC. Prodr. ii. 358; leaflets 20-24 narrow 
ligulate distant, racemes 20-40-flowered elongated loug-peduncled, lower calyx- 
teeth lanceolate, corolla middle-sized deep blue. Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 586. A'. 
Cracca, Benth. in Poyle III. 200, not Linn. 

North-west Himalayas, temperate region ; Chenab valley, 6-8000 ft., Thomson. 
West Tibet, Falconer. — Distbib. Europe. 

A subglabrous climber, a yard or more high. Leaves 4-6 in. long; leaflets acuto, 
membranous, silky beneath, 1^-U in. long ; stipules linear, with a single tooth. Racemes 
copious, reaching, as do the peduncles, \ ft. long. Calyx subglabrous, ^ in. ; teeth very 
unequal, all shorter than the tube, upper deltoid. Corolla \-^ in. PocL 1 in. long, with 
a stalk as long as the calyx-tube. • 

5. V. mollis, Smth. MSS. ; leaflets 16-20 close narrow ligulate, racemes 
few-flowered close short-peduncled, lower calyx-teeth linear, corolla large 
yellowish. 

Valley of the Kishengunga, Winterhottom. 

A suberect perennial, Avith the habit of V. sepiiim, with stems clothed with fine 
spreading hairs. Leaves H-2 in. long; leaflets ~-^ in. long, obtuse, clothed on both 
surface with adpressed, silky hairs ; stipules broad, subentire. Pacenics from the 
upper axils only, secund, an inch long. Calyx ^ in., densely silky ; teeth all linear, 
lower as long as the tube, upper shorter. Corella nearly 1 in. long. 



178 L. LEGTiMmosj!. (J. G. Baker.) [^Vicia. 

6. V. pallida, Turcz. ; Led. Fl. Ross. i. G73 ; leaflets 16-24 distant 
linear-oblong membranous, racemes long-peduncled laxly many-flowered, lower 
calyx-teeth deltoid-cuspidate, corolla pale lilac middle-sized. V. sylvatica, 
Benth. in Royle III. 200, not Linn. 

West Himala-tas, temperate region ; Kashmir to Kumaon, 4-9000 ft. — Distrib, 
Siberia. 

A tall straggling glabrous climber, with the habit of V. sylvatica. Leaves 2-4 in, 
long, ending in tendrils; leaflets obtuse, \^ in., the upper growing gradually 
shorter; stipules small, narrow, deeply toothed. Racemes 12-20-flowered, on 
peduncles 1-4 in. long. Calyx ^ in., glabrous, membranous; all the teeth much 
shorter than the tube. Corolla \ in. Pod 1-U in. long, flat, glabrous, oblique, dis- 
tinctly-stalked, 5-6-seeded. 

7. V. G-riffitliii, Baker-, leaflets 12-lG distant linear-oblong membmn- 
ous, racemes peduncled laxly 2-4-flowered, lower calyx-teeth lanceolate, corolla 
lilac middle-sized. 

Punjab, at Eawul Pindee and Futteyjung, Dr. Aitchison. — Distrib. Afghanistan, 
Griffith, 1114. 

A straggling annual, 1-2 ft. high, with slender stems, finely silky at first, soon 
glabrescent. Leaves about 2 inches long ; leaflets obtuse, scattered, ^-\ in. broad, ob- 
scurely silky ; stipules deltoid, deeply palmately laciniated. Racemes about as long 
as the leaves. Calyx ^ in. long, rather silky, the lower teeth half as long as the tube, 
the upper deltoid. Corolla more than \ in. Pod above 1 in. long, oblong, flat, gla- 
brous, veined, 5-6-seeded. 

8. V. rig-idula, Boyh III. 200 ; leaflets 10-12 subdistant oblong venose, 
racemes 6-20-flowered close long-peduncled, calyx-teeth all very short, corolla 
large reddish. Lathyrus himalensis, Camh. in Jacquem. Voy. Bot. i. 44, t. 53. 
V. dumetorum, Benth. in Royle III. 200 ? 

West Himalayas, temperate region ; Kashmir to Kumaon, 7-9000 ft. 

A subglabrous or finely downy climber, 2-3 ft. high. Leaves 2-3 in. long, ending 
in intricate tendrils ; leaflets obtuse, f-1 in. long, firmer in texture than in the others, 
finely silky beneath, with veins raised like those of a Ttphrosia ; stipules small, half- 
hastate, deeply-toothed. Peduncles 2-3 in. long. Calyx ^-^ in., glabrous ; pedicels 
longer than in the others, fully ^ in. Corolla 3-4 times the length of the calyx. Pod 
linear, glabrous, on a stalk nearly as long as the calyx, 6-6-seeded. 

SuBGEN. 3. Suvicia. Annuals or perennials, with the style conspicuously 
bearded on the lower side at the tip. 

9. V. sativa, Linn; DC. Prodr. ii. 360; annual, leaflets multijugate of 
upper leaves ligulate, flowers solitary or geminate not racemed. Roxb. Fl. Ind. 
iii. 323 ; Wall. Cat. 5957 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 574. 

North-west Provinces, ascending from the plains of Bengal to 7500 ft. in 
Kumaon, probably always cultivated. 

8tems slender, suberect, glabrous or obscurely downy. Leaflets S -12, of upper 
leaves |-1 in. long, of lower shorter, broader ; stipules small, obliquely lanceolate, 
deeply toothed. Calyx | in. ; teeth lanceolate-subulate. Corolla red-blue, twice the 
calyx. Poc? glabrescent, l|-2in.:loug, 8-10-seeded. 

Var. angustifolia, Roth (Sp.), dwarfer, diffuse, leaflets shorter of lower leaves 
deeply emarginate at apex, flowers and pod smaller. Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 574. V. 
Bobartii, Forst. in Linn. Trans, xvi. 442. V. pallida, Jacquem. MSS. {a yellow flowered 
form). Plains of -the north-west, a native.— Distrib. Europe, Orient. 

10. V. peregrina, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 362 ; annual, leaflets multiju- 
gate ligulate, flowers eolitary. Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 576. 



Vicia.] L. LEQUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 179 

Plains of Punjab, Aitchison. — Distrib. Europe, Orient. 

Stems slender, glabrous, diffuse. Leaflets 10-12, alternate or opposite, A-1 in. long ; 
stipules minute, bifid, with linear divisions. Flowers solitary, on short pedicels in the 
axils of the leaves. Calyx \ in. ; teeth lanceolate, the upper shorter, curved upwards. 
Corolla purplish-red, twice the calyx. Fod linear-oblong, deflexed, glabrescent, rather 
recurved, l-l^- in. long, 5-6-seeded, 

11. V. sepiuxn, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 3G4 ; perennial, leaflets multij agate 
oblong, racemes subsessile 2-G-flowered. Boists. Fl. Orient, ii. 668. 

Kashmir, temperate region. — Distrib. Europe, Orient, Siberia. 

Stems finely downy, suberect, 1-2 ft. Stipules small, deeply toothed ; leaflets 
10-12, membranous, trunc;'.te, ^1 in. long. Racemes very close, secund, conf.ned to 
the axils of tlie upper leaves. Calyx \ in., glabrous or downy; teeth deltoid-cuspi- 
date, much shorter than the tube. Corolla reddish, twice the calyx. Pod linc.ir-ob- 
long, oblique, rostrate, glabrous, 1 in. long, 6-10-seeded. 

12. V, narbonensis, Linn.; DC. Prodr. ii. 364; leaflets larp-e of lowest 
leaves 2 of upper 4-6 obovate, racemes subsessile 2-6-flowered.' Boif^s. Fl. 
Orient, ii. 568. 

Punjab, near Peshawur, Vicary, perhaps introduced. — Distrib. S. Europe, Orient, 
probably the original of the cultivated Bean. 

A stout suberect annual. 1-H foot high, glabrous or finely downy. Stipules large, 
deeply toothed ; leaflets 1-2 in. long, entire in our plant. Calyx fin.; lower teeth 
lanceolate, as long as tube ; upper deltoid. Corolla purple, more than twice the calyx. 
Pod 1^-2 in. long, downy, 6-7-seeded. 



ErvumLens, Linn.; Wall. Cat. 5954 (Cicer Lens, Willd. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 324) 
the common Lentil, and Vicia Faba, Linn. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 323 ; Wall. Cat. 5951, 
the Bean, are commonly cultivated, especially in the North- West Provinces. 

Vicia benghalensis, Linn, seems to be the Mediterranean V. atropurpurca. Desf, 
. and to have no claim to be regarded as an Indian plant.. 

54. Z.ATKVRUS, Linn. 

Annual or perennial herbs, with equally pinnate leaves, ending in a tendril or 
bristle. Flowers racemed or solitary. Calyx-tiihe campanulate, oblique ; teeth 
long or upper short. Corolla more or less exserted ; standard broad ; keel shorter 
than the wings. Stamens diadelphous, the mouth of the tube not oblique ; an- 
thers uniform. Ovary subsessile or stalked, many-ovuled ; style flattened, 
bearded on the inner side, stigma capitate. Pod terete or flatfish, continuous 
within. — Distrib. Species described 1/0, spread principally through all the north 
temperate zone. 

SuBGEX. 1. Eulathyrus. Petiole terminated by a long tendril. 

1. Zi. Aphaca, Linn.; DC. Prodr. ii. 372; annual, leaflets abortive, 
flowers 1-2 on a long peduncle. Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 322 ; Wall. Cr.t. 5952 ; 
Benth. in Roxjle III. 200 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 602. 

Spread through the northern provinces, ascending from the plains of Bengal to the 
iemperate zone in Hazara, Kashmir and Kumaox. — Distrib. Europe, Orient, Abyssinia. 

Stejns slender, wingless, much branched. Stipulcs'in pairs adpressed to the stem, 
leaf-like, entire, truncate, hastate. Peduncle 2-3 times the stipule. Calyx ^ in, ; teeth 
equal, lanceolate, exceeding the tube. Corolla yellow, twice the calyx. Pod linc;ii- 
oblong, wingless, 4-6-seeded. 

2. Zi. sativus, Linn.; DC. Prodr. ii. 373; annual, stems winged, leaflets 



IgO L. LEGUMINOSJE. (J. G. Baker.) [Lathyrm. 

2 linear or lanceolate, flowers solitary, pods oblong winged on tlie back. Jto.rb. 
Fl. Ind. iii. 321 ; Wall. Cat. 5953 ; Benth. in Roy le III. 200 ; Boiss. Ft. Orients 
ii. 606. 

Spread througb the northern provinces, ascending from the plains of Bengal to 
4000 ft. in KiTMAON. Often cultivated. — Distrib. Europe, Orient, Trop. Africa. 

Glabrous, much branched. Stipules broad, entire ; petiole winged ; leaflets ^h in. 
broad. Peduncle rather longer than the petiole. Calyx |-^ in. ; teeth lanceolate, 
subequal, twice the tube. Corolla | in., red, bluish or white. Pod l\ in., long, glab- 
rous, 4-5-seeded, the dorsal suture with a narrow spreading wing on each side. 

The allied L. tingitanus, Linn., also much cultivated, with oblong leaflets and a 
linear many-seeded pod, is included in the set of Nilghiri plants distributed by Ho- 
henacker, but has no claim to be considered a native. 

3. Zi. spbaericus, -Re2^2. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 372; annual, stems wingless^ 
leaflets 2 narrow-linear, flowers solitary, pods linear wingless many-seeded. 
Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 613. L. angiilatiis, Benth. in Royle III. 200. 

North-West Provinces, ascending from Bitxdelkund and the Punjab to 6500 ft. in» 
KuMAON. — Distrib. Europe, Orient, Abyssinia. 

Stems glabrous, very slender, very copiously branched. Stipules linear, caudate ; 
petiole 5— I in., winged ; leaflets very narrow, reaching 3 in. ^long. Peduncle shorter 
than or a little exceeding the petiole, with a conspicuous linear bracteole. Calyx 
under ^ in. ; teeth equal, as long as the tube. Corolla reddish, twice the calyx. Pod 
2 in. long, 10-12-seeded. 

4. Xi. pratensis, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 370 ; perennial, leaflets 2 lanceo- 
late, flowers many in long-peduncled racemes, calyx-teeth subequal. Benth. in 
Royle III. 200 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 615. 

West Himalayas, temperate zone, alt. 6-8000 ft. ; Ivashmir, Gitrwhal, Simla. — 
Distrib. Europe, Orient, Abyssinia. 

Stems slender, wingless, very diffuse. Stipules large, lanceolate-cnudate ; petiole 
distinct, angular. Peduncles often much exceeding the leaves. Calyx \ in. ; teeth 
all linear, as long as the calyx. Corolla yellow, 3 times the calyx. Pod linear. L, 
caskmericus, Royle MSS., is a form with pubescent stems and calyx. 

5. Zi. altaicus, Led. Fl. Alt. iii. 355 ; perennial, leaflets 6-8 oblong, 
flowers few in long-peduncled racemes, calyx-teeth very unequal. Led. Ic. PL 
Ross, t 53. L. ovatus, Royle III. 200. 

West Himalayas, temperate region ; Baltal and Chenab valley, 6-8000 ft., Royle, 
Thomson, Jacquemont. — Distrib. Siberia. 

A suberect glabrous perennial, ^1 ft. high. Leaves 2-3 in. long; leaflets glaucous,, 
membranous, venose, i-| in. broad ; stipules lanceolate-caudate slightly toothed* 
Racemes secund, laxly 3-6-flowered ; peduncles 2-4 in. long. Calyx | in. ; lower teeth 
linear, nearly as long as the tube ; upper deltoid. Corolla reddish, twice the calyx. 

Stjbgex. 2. Orobus, Linn. Petiole terminated by a mere bristle. 

6. Zi. inconsplcuus, Linn.; DC. Pi-odr. ii. 372; annual, leaflets 1-2 
narrow linear, flowers solitary subsessile in the axils of the leaves. L. erectus, 
Lag. ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 613. 

Kashmir, 4-5000 ft., 'I7iomson, Falconer. Scinde, Stocks. 

Habit of L. sphctricus, with which it coincides in stem, leaflets, pod and stipule?. 
Pg^io/e very short, not winged ; leaflets 1-1 i in. long. Calyx ^ in.j teeth subequal^ 
lanceolate-subulate, as long as the tube. Corolla lilac, twice the calyx. 

7. Zi. luteus, Baker ; perennial, leaflets 6-S oblong, flowers in peduncled 
racemes. Orobus luteus, Linn. ; DC. Frodr. ii. 378. 0. Ise-vigatus, W. S,- K. PL 



Lathyrus.l l. lequminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 181 

Hunff. t. 243. 0. orientalis, Boiss. Diag. ix. 106. O. Emodi, Wall. Cat. 6048. 
0. aureus, Stev. ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 621. 

"West Himalayas, tropical and temperate zone, ascending from the salt range in 
the Punjab to 8500 ft. in Ku3£A0N and 10,000 ft. in Khaga.v. — Distcib. Europe, 
Orient, Altai, Songaria. 

Stems suberect, glabrous, 2-3 ft. high. Stipules lurge, leafy ; leaflets membranoua, 
acute, 2-4 in. long. Racemes 6-1 2-flowered, equalling or exceeding the leaves. Calt/x 
|-^ in. ; lower teeth lanceolate, upper deltoid. Corolla bright yellow, twice the calyx. 
Pod linear, beaked, 2-3 in. long. 



The genus Pistjm is principally distinguished from Lathyrus by its thick lateraUj 
compressed style. The two subspecies of the common cultivated Pea are both often 
cultivated in the northern provinces; P. sativum, Linn.; Roxh. FL Lid. iii. 321 ; 
Wall. Cat. 5950, with round seeds of uniform colour and 4-6 leaflets ; and P. arvense, 
Linn., with compressed marbled seeds and 2-4 leaflets. Royle considers the latter a 
true native. 

55. AMPKZCARPiEA, Elliott. 

Wide-twining herbs, with 3-foIiolate stipellate leaves and persistent striated 
stipules and bracts. Floivers with a strong tendency to dimorphism, those that 
tear the fully developed pods being, as in Viola, wdthout petals. Calyx-tube 
long, equal, teeth distinct, unequal. Corolla much exserted ; petals equal in 
length ; standard and wings with a distinct spiu" on each side of the claw. 
Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary obscurely stalked, many-ovuled ; 
style filiform, inflexed, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod flat, linear-oblong. — 
DisTRiB. Species 3, or 3 varieties of one, from the United States, Japan, and 
Himalayas, one in each country. 

1. A. ZSdg-ewortllil, Benth. PI. Junyh. 231. 

Wkst Himalayas, temperate zon-e; Simla, 5-6000 ft., Edgeworth, Thomson. 

Stems very slender, thinly shortly pubescent. Stipules and bracts oblong or lan- 
ceolate, subobtuse or subacute, ^ in. long ; leaflets membranous, obscurely hairy; end 
one broad ovate acute, side ones oblique. Floivers usually solitary or in pairs, but 
casually racemed ; pedicels very short. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth lanceolate-subulate, nuieh 
shorter than the tube. Corolla ^ in., reddish. Perfect pod 1 in. long, linear, re- 
curved, 2-3-seeded. Very near the Japanese species {Shuteria trisperma, Miq. Ann. 
Mus. Lug. Bat. iii. 51) and the well-known American A. monoica, both of wliich have 
obovate bracts and copiously racemed flowers. 

56. SKUTSRZA, W. & A. 

Climbers, with 3-foliolate stipellate leaves, persistent bracts and bracteoles, 
and middle-sized racemose uniform flowers. Calyx-tube gibbous ; teeth distinct, 
shorter than the tube. Corolla exserted ; exauriculate standard rather exceed- 
ing the keel and distinctly spurred wings. Sta77iens diadelphous ; anthers uni- 
form. Ovary subsessile, many-ovuled ; style incurved, filiform, beardless, stigma 
capitate. Pod flat, linear, recurved. — Distrib. One additional species, Trop. 
African. 

1. S. vestlta, W. ^ A. Prodr. 207; stems densely hauy, racemes dense 
sessile many-flowered, bracts and bracteoles conspicuous lanceolate, leaflets obo- 
vate-oblong or roundish obtuse. Benth. PL Jungh. 232 ; Wight Ic. t. 165 ; Dalz. 
^ Gibs. Bomb. FL 68. Glycine vestita, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5512. G. invo- 
lucrata. Wall. Cat. 5506 A, ex parte. 

East Himalayas ; Khasia, Sikkim, Bhotan and Mishmi, ascending to 6000 ft. 
Hills of Westken Peninsula and Ceylon, ascending to 7000 ft. 



182 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Shuteria, 

Sterna slender, "woody, glabrescent. Stipules lanceolate, rigid, under \ in. ; peti- 
ole 1-3 in., tairy or glabrous ; leaflets membranous or subcoriaceous, obscurely 
hairy on both sides or glabrescent, the end one 1-2 in. long. Eacejncs copious, close, 
1-4 in.long, sometimes 2-3 from same node ; lower flowers often geminate ; bracts rigid, 
about as long as the densely hairy pedicels. Calyx ^ in., densely hairy ; teeth shorter 
than tube, upper lanceolate-cuspidate. Corolla reddish, twice the calyx. Pod 1-1^ in. 
long, linear, hairy, recurved, 5-6-seeded. 

Vak. 1. glabrata ; calyx and leaves nearly or quite glabrescent. S. glabrata, W. ^• 
A. Trodr. 207- — Khasia, Simons. Nilghiris, Wight. 

Var. 2. iyivolucrata ; racemes laxer, their lower nodes bracteated by 2-3 reduced 
roundish leaflets ^-^ in. long, leaflets obovate -oblong, calyx silky. S. involucrata, 
W. 4' A. Prodr. 207 ; Benth. PI. Jungh. 232. Glycine involucrata. Wall. PL As. Ear. 
iii. 22, t. 241 ; Wall. Cat. 5506, ex parte. — Kumaon, Gurwhal, Nipal. 

Var. 3. densiflora ; racemes very dense, the flowers often several from the samo 
node, bracts and bracteoles rather larger, calyx pod and oblong subcoriaceous leaf- 
lets glabrous. S. densiflora, Benth. PI. Jungh. 232. Glycine involucrata, Wall. Cat.,. 
6506, ex parte. — Gurwhal, Kumaon and Nipal, ascending to 700(' ft. 

2. S. hirsuta, Baker \ stems densely bairy^ racemes pedmicled many- 
flowered, bracts and bracteoles long linear-setaceoiLs, leaflets ovate cuspidate. 

Khasia and Sikkim, 3-5000 ft., HooJc. fil. ^ Thomson. 

Stems firm, slender, densely clothed with conspicuous deflexed hairs. Stipules 
\-^ in. ; leaflets membranous, with a thin coating of adpressed hairs on both sides, 
BuBconcolorous ; end one 2-4 in. long. Flowers in lax racemes, 2-3 in. long, on 
densely hairy peduncles as long as themselves, geminate at the nodes ; bracts ^-g- in. 
Calyx ^-l in., thinly hairy ; teeth shorter than tube, upper deltoid, lower linear. 
Corolla purple, twice the calyx. Pod recurved, densely hairy, many-seeded. 

'3. S.? ferrug*lnea, Baker ; stems densely hairy, racemes peduncled many- 
flowered, bracts and bracteoles lanceolate conspicuous, leaflets ovate-cuspidate. 
Amphicarpsea ferruginea, Benth. PI. Jungh. 231. Glvcine ferruginea, Grah. in 
Wall. Cat. 5514. G. cylindriflora, Wall. Cat. 5516. ' 

Nipal, Wallich. 

Stems slender, woody. Stipules and bracts less persistent than in the other spe- 
cies ; petiole 2-3 in. ; leaflets membranous, green, with inconspicuous adpressed hairs 
above, glaucous-grey with dense hairs below, ferruginous on the nerves ; end one 
2-3 in. long. Flowers 6-12 together, in short-peduncled racemes. Calyx under \ in., 
Bubglabrous ; upper teeth deltoid, lower lanceolate. Corolla ^~| in., reddish. — Re- 
cedes to Glycine by its subcaducous bracts and bracteoles. 

4. S. suiFulta, Benth. PI. Jungh. 232 ; stems glabrous, racemes very lax 
few-flowered, bracts and bracteoles linear very minute, leaflets obtuse roundish. 
Glycine sufliilta, Wall. Cat. 5507. 

BiRMA ; Prome hills and Taong Dong, Wallich. Tenasserim, Heifer. 

Stems firm, very slender.i Stipules linear, ^ in. ; leaflets membranous, subgla- 
brous, glaucous-grey beneath, the end one f-1 in. long. Baccmes nearly sessile, 1-2 in. 
long, 6-10-tiowered, the lower nodes bracteated by reduced leaves as in S. vestita, var 
involucrata ; bracts rigid, not more than ^^ in. long ; pedicels distant, solitary, very 
short. Calyx ^ in., with a few adpressed hairs ; teeth all short, lowest lanceolate. 
Corolla f in., reddish. Pod H in. long, glabrous, recurved, 6-8-seeded. 

57. DUZKEASXA, DO. 

Climbing herbs. Leaves 3-foliolate, with stipellate leaflets. Fimoers middle- 
sized, racemose. Caly.v-tuhe cylindrical, very gibbous, with a verj- oblique sub- 
truncate mouth. Corolla exserted ; petals equal in length ; standard spurred on 



Dumasia.] l. lequminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 183 

"both sides of the hase of the limb ; wings and keel adherent, with small blades 
and very long* claws, Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary linear, sub- 
stipitate, few-ovuled ; style long, flattened above its curve, stigina capitate. 
Pod linear, falcate, torulose. — Distrib. One other species, in Japan. 

1. D. villosa, DC. Mem. Leg. 2e57, t. 44; rrodr. ii. 241; leaves and 
leaflets distinctly petioled, the latter ovate, corolla twice as long as the calyx. 

Wall. Cat. 5523. D. pubescens, DC. loc. cit. t. 45. D. congeata, Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 5524 ; W. ^- A. Prodr. 200 ; Wight Ic. t. 445. 

Himalayas, from Simla and Kumaon to Sikkim and Khasia, ascending to 
6-7000 ft. Hills of Western PENiNSUiiA and Ceylon.- -Distrib. Java, Madagascar, 
Natal. 

Stems slender, densely clothed with grey or ferruginous hairs. Petiole 1-2 in. ; 
stipules minute, setaceous ; leaflets membranous, obtu; e, green, with a few obscure 
hairs above, grey, densely pubescent beneath ; end one 2-3 in. long. Racemes 2-6 in. 
long, lax or close, 12-40-flowered, rarely {D. congesta, Grah.) close, subsessile ; bracts 
and bracteoles minute, setaceous. Calj^x \-^ in., with a fewadpressed hairs. Corolla 
^-4 in., yellow or purplish. Pod H in. long, velvety, 3-4-seeded. 

Var. leiocarpa, Benth. PI. Jungh. 231, sp. ; pod and leaflets subglabrous. — Sikkim, 
Khasia, Ceylon. 

2. D. cordifolia, Benth. MSS. ; leaves and leaflets subsessile, the latter 
rotundato-cordate, corolla half as long again as the calyx. 

KHASLi, 5000 ft.. Hook. fil. ^ Thomson. 

Stems very slender, at first finely downy. Stipules linear, very minute ; leaflets 
membranous, glabrous, ^-1 in. long, firm, pale green. Flowers 6-10, in a close 
raceme, on a glabrous peduncle 1-2 in. long ; bracts and bracteoles linear, very mi- 
nute. Calyx glabrous, membranous, \-^ in. long. Corolla pale yellow. 



58. GZ.VCZNS, Linn. 

Twining or suberect herbs. Leaves with 3-7 stipellate leaflets. Flenvers in 
axillary racemes, with [minute narrow bracts. Cahjx-tube campanulate ; teeth 
distinct, long or short. Corolla mostly little exserted ; petals about equal in 
length ; standard not distinctly spurred. Stamens more or less completely mona- 
delphous ; anthers imiform. Ovary subsessile, many-oviiled ; style short, in- 
curved, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod linear or linear-oblong, straight or 
recurved, flat or rather turgid, few-seeded. — Distrib. Species about 12, spread 
tlu'ough tropics of old world, and especially Australia. 

1. G*. javanica, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 242 ; stems slender twining, leaf- 
lets 3, racemes elongated many-flowered, calyx-teeth long setaceous, pod narrow 
small. Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. viii. 266. Soja Wightii and S. javanica, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5530 Sc 5528. Notonia Wightii, W. .S' A. Prodr. 208. 
Johnia Wightii, W. 4' A. Prodr. 449. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon. — Distrib. Trop. Africa, Natal, 
Java. 

Stems wide-climbing, more or less clothed with grey or ferruginous silky hairs. 
Petioles 1-3 in. ; leaflets membranous, green, with a few adpressed hairs above, grey 
and pubescent below ; end one ovate, acute, 2-4 in. long. Racemes short-pcduncled, 
dense or lax, 1-6 in. long; pedicels very short; bracteoles long, setaceous. Calyx 
^-i in., densely silky ; teeth setaceous, plumose. Corolla reddish, little exserted. Pod 
linear, straight, 1 in. by ^-^ in., 4-5-seeded, clothed with adpressed hairs. 



184 1. LEGUMiNOSj;.' (J. G. Baker.) [Glycine. 

2. G*. pentapbylla, Dalz. in Kew Jown. iv. 344 ; stems slender twining, 
leaflets 5-7, racemes elongated many-flowered, calyx-teeth short, pod broad. 
Benth. in Joum. Linn. Soc. viii. 266 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 68. 

Khasia, 3-5000 ft., Hook. fil. Sf Thomson, Lobh. Concan, Dalzdl, Stocks. ^ 

Stems wide-climbing, with a few adpressed h&irs. Petiole 1-2 in. ; leaflets subco- 
riaceous, with a few adpressed hairs on both sides, green above, grey below, distant ; 
end one oblong-lanceolate, acute, 3-4 in. long. Racemes lax, usually short-peduncled, 
reaching 6-8 in. long; pedicels very short, fascicled. Calyx ^ in.; teeth deltoid, 
shorter than the tube. Corolla reddish, twice the calyx. Pod glabrous, flat, rather 
recurved, H in. by ^ in., 4-5-seeded. 

3. G. Soja, Sieb. ^ Zucc. Fam. Nat. Fl. Jap. 11 ; stems stout suherect, 
leaflets 3, racemes few-flowered congested sessile, calyx-teeth long setaceous, pods 
"broad. Benth. in Jown. Linn. Soc. viii. 266. Soja hispida, Momch ; DC. Prodr. 
ii. 396 ; Wall. Cat. 6529 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 247. Dolichos Soja, Linn. ; Roxb. 
Fl. Ind. iii. 314. Soja angustifolia, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 223. 

Himalayas, tropical region ; Kumaon to Sikxim, Khasia and Ava, often culti- 
vated. — DisTEiB. East Asia. 

Stems suberect or climbing upwards, annual, densely clothed with fine ferruginous 
hairs. Leaves long-petioled ; leaflets membranous, ovate, acute, rarely obtuse, 2-4 in. 
long. Calyx \ in., densely hairy. Corolla reddish, little exserted. Pods usually only 
2-3 developed in the axil of each leaf, linear-oblong, recurved, densely pubescent, 
1^-2 in. by ^-f in., 3-i-seeded, subtorulose. 



59. TERAMNUS, Sw. 

Twining herbs, with exactly the habit of Glycine. Calyx-tube campanulate ; 
teeth distinct, subequal or two upper not so long. Corolla little exserted ; pe- 
tals about equal in length ; standard not spurred. Stamens monadelphoiis ; 
alternate anthers small, abortive. Ovary sessile, many-ovuled ; style short, 
curved, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod linear, hooked with the persistent style at 
the tip, flattish, septate between the seeds. — Distrib. Species 4, belting the world 
in the tropics. 

1. T. labialis, Spreng. Syst. iii. 235 ; leaflets small acute or subobtuse, 
racemes usually peduncled elongated, calyx-teeth as long as the tube. Bent/i. 
in Joum. Linn. Soc. viii. 265. Glycine labialis, Linn. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 318 ; 
W. Sf A. Prodr. 208; Wight^ Ic. t. 168; Dalz. ^■' Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 68. 
G. parviflora, Lam. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 242 ; Wall. Cat. 5508 A-F. G. debilis and 
senegalensis, DC. Prodr. ii. 242. G. paUens, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5518. G. 
warreensis, Dalz. in Kew Joum. iii. 210 ; Dalz. ^' Gibs. Bomb. FL 68. G. 
tenen'ima, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5520 ? 

Plains from tlie foot of the West Himai.atas to Ceylo^t, Eiema and Pexan^g. — 
Distrib. Cosmopolitan in the tropics. Natal. 

Stc77is wide-climbing, slender, with a few fine adpressed hairs. Stipules minute, 
lanceolate, deciduous ; petiole ^1^ in. ; leaflets 3, membranous or subcoriaceous, 
green, with a few adpressed hafrs above, grey and more hairy below, the end one 
ovate or oblong, 1-2 in. long. Racemes 1-4 in. long, usually lax, the pedicels fasci- 
cled. Calyx ^-^ in. ; teeth lanceolate. Corolla reddish. Pod linear, glabrous, re- 
curved, 1^-2 in. long, 8-12 aeeded. 

Vae. jnoUis ; stems and pods clothed with longer more sprc-ading hairs, leaflets 
subcoriaceous densely pubescent beneath, calyx-teeth shorter. G-. mollis, W. 4" ■^' 
Prodr. 209. Gr. parviflora. Wall. Cat. 6508, G. H. Teramnus mollis, Benth. in Joum. 
Linn. Soc. viii. 265. — Distribution of the type. 



Tera^nnus.] l. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 185 

2. T. flexilis, Benth. in Joum. Linn. Soc. viii. 265 ; leaflets large acute, 
flowers in sessile congested racemes, calyx-teeth shorter than the tube. Glycine 
flexilis, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6521. 

East Himalayas ; forests of Assam, Sillet and CHrrrAGoyo. 

More robust than the last, of which it may be a mere variety. Steins, petioles and 
leaves nearly glabrous. Leaflets subcoriaceous, the end one 3-5 in. long. Racemes 
1 in. or less long. Calyx-X^Qth. lanceolate-deltoid. Pods glabrous, 2^-3 in. long. 

60. MVCUNA, AdanB. 

Perennials and annuals of wide-twining habit. Leaves ample, stipellate, 
always 3-foliolate. Flowers large, showy, usually dark purple, turning 'quite 
black when dried. Calyx-tube campanulate ; two upper teeth quite connate ; 
lowest longer than the middle ones. Corolla much exserted ; standard not more 
than half as long as the rostrate keel, which usually a little exceeds the wings. 
Stamens diadelphous ; anthers dimorphous, like those of the GeiiistecB. Ovary 
Bessile, many-ovuled ; style incurved, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod very 
variable in shape and sculpture, usually covered with brittle needle-like irritating 
bristles. — Distrlb. Species above 20, spread everywhere in the tropics. 

SuBGEN. 1. Amphlptera. Pod broadly winged down both sutures and 
the faces covered also by close oblique plaits. 

1. PC. imbrlcata, DC. Prodr. ii. 406. Carpopogon imbricatum, Roxh, 
Hort. Beng. 54 ; M. monosperma, Wall. Cat. 5G23 0, ex parte. 

East Himalayas, Silhet, Sikkim, Assam, tropical region, 1-4000 ft., Wallich 
Griffith, Hook. fit. 

A woody climber, with slender glabrescent branches. Leaflets membranous, with a 
few minute adpressed grey hairs below, glabrous above ; the end one oblong-cuspi- 
date, 5-6 in. long. Racemes few-flowered, lax, on drooping peduncles 2-12 in. long ; 
pedicels ^-4 in. long ; bracts large, roundish, soon deciduous. Calyx | in. long, with 
a few irritating bristles ; teeth all nearly as long as the tube. Corolla dull purple, 
2-2| in. long ; keel abruptly inflexed at the tip ; wings \ in. broad ; standard half as 
long as the keel, 1 in. broad. Pod oblong, 4-6 in. by 2 in., 2-4-seeded, clothed with 
abundant deciduous, irritating bristles ; wings of sutures finally ^ in. broad. 

j\I. acuminata, Grah, in Wall. Cat: 5621 from Pexaxg, may perhaps belong to 
this group, but the fruit is unknown. The calyx is like that of M. imbricafa, but the 
corolla is smaller and the racemes are short-peduncled and corymbose like those of 
M. monosperma. 

SuBGEN. 2. Citta, Lour. Pod with the faces covered by close oblique 
plaits, but not winged down the sutures. 

2. m. monosperma, DC. Prod. ii. 406 ; leaflets with a little femi- 
ginous down, racemes short-peduncled close, upper calyx-lip subtruncate, pod 
■one-seeded nearlv as broad as long. Wall. Cat. 5623 A, B ; Wight in Hook. Bot. 
Misc. ii. 346, Su})pl. t. 12 ; W. i^- A. Prod. 254 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 70. 
Carpopogon monospermum, Poxb. Hort. Beng. 54 ; Fl. Lnd. iii. 283. M. 
cristata. Ham. MSS. M. corymbosa, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5622. M. auguina, 

Wall. PI. As. Par. iii. 19, t. 236. Carpopogon anguineum, Roxb. Cat. Hort. 
Beng. 54. 

East Himalayas, tropical zone ; Khasia, Assam, Chittagoxo, Pegu ; Tavoy, 
Gomez. Hills of AVest Peninsula and Ceylon, up to 3000 ft. 

A woody climber, with slender glabrescent branches. Leaflets membranous or 
subcoriaceous, thinly clothed with ferruginous pubescence beneath ; the end one ob- 
long-cuspidate, 4-6 in. long. Racemes 6-12-fiowered, corymbose, short- pedunclod, or 



186 L. LEQUMiNOSj;. (J. G. Baker.) [Mucuna. 

subsessile ; bracts none seen ; pedicels J-f in. ; bracteoles linear, exceeding the bud. 
Cali/x fin., -with copious irritating bnstles ; lower tooth linear; side ones deltoid. 
Corolla 1^ in. long ; keel abruptly inflexed at the tip ; wings \ in., standard ^ in. 
broad. Pod 3 in. long, obscurely stipitate, clothed with copious ferruginous or dull 
brown irritating bristles ; wings ^-^ in. deep. 

-3. m. atropurpurea, -DC Prodr. ii. 406 ; leaflets glabrous, racemes 
long-peduncled drooping elongated often forked, upper cah^x-lip more than half 
as long as the tube, pod two-seeded twice as long as broad, Wall. Cat. 6620 ; 
W. Sf A. Pt'odr. 254. Carpopogon atropurpureum, Roxh. Hort. JBeng. 54 ; FL 
Ind. iii. 287. 

Plains of Western Peninsula and Ceylon. Malacca, Maingay. 

A woody climber, with very slender glabrous branches. Leaflets membranous, 
subconcolorous, shining on the upper siu*face, the end one oblong-cuspidate, 4-6 in. 
long. Racemes pendent, not corymbose ; bracts small, ovate, goon deciduous ; bracte- 
oles oblong-spathulate, obtuse, \-^ in. Calyx |-| in. long, deeply bilabiate, with a 
few ferruginous irritating bristles. Corolla dark purple, 2-2^ in. long ; keel abruptly 
turned up at the end ; wings j-| in., standard 1 in. broad. Pod sessile, SJn. long, the 
faces traversed with close oblique plaits, and furnished with abundant yellow brown 
irritating bristles. 

SirBGE>". 3. Carpopog'on, Roxh. Pod broadly winged down both sutm-es^ 
but not plaited on the faces. 

4. la. g-ig-antea, DC. Prodr. ii. 405; Wall. Cat. 5619; W. 8f A. 
Prodr. 254; Wight in Hook. Rot. Misc. ii. 351, Suppl. t. 14. Carpopogon 
giganteum, Roxb. Hoi't. Beng. 54 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 286. Dolichos giganteus, Willd. 
Sp. PI. iii. IQ^l.—Rheede Hort. Mai. yiii. t. 36. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula ; Andamans, Kurz. — Disteib. Malaya, Philip- 
pines, Polynesia. 

A woody climber, with slender glabrous branches. Leaflets subcoriaceous, sub- 
concolorous, glabrous ; end one oblong-cuspidate, 5-6 in. long. Flowers 1 2-30 in long- 
peduncled drooping close racemes ; pedicels 1 in. long. Calyx ^-f in., with a few 
irritating bristles; upper lip subtruncate. Corolla yellow, 1-1^ in. long; keel not 
abruptly inflexed at the end. Pod 3-6 in. by 2 in., flat on the faces, copiously clothed 
with abundant deciduous yellow-brown irritating bristles, 2-6- seeded. 

SuBGEX. 4. Stizolobluzn, Pers. Pod without either distinct p}aits on 
the faces or wings down the sutures. 

5. IWE. xnacrocarpa, Wall. Cat. 5618 ; woody, branches and leaves 
glabrous, upper lip of calyx subtruncate/ pod very large sublignose glabrescent. 

NiPAL and Silhet, Wallich. Khasia and Sikkim, 1-6000 ft., plentiful, Hook.fil. ^• 
Thomson. 

Branchlets slender, terete. Leaflets subcoriaceous, the undersurface with a few ad- 
pressed deciduous hairs ; end one ovate-cuspidate, 6-8 in. long. Racemes fascicled 
from the old wood, short-peduncled, with a densely brown- velvety rachis, the lower 
nodes sending out short branches ; pedicels |-^ in., velvety, decurved ; bracteoles 
■i-f in. obtuse, oblcng. Calyx nearly 1 in. long, with a few irritating bristles ; lower 
teeth as long as the tube. Corolla 2^-3 in. long ; keel abruptly turned up at the 
tip; wings fin.; standard 1^ in. broad. Pod 1-H ft. by H-lf in., 8-12-seeded, 
distinctly toridose, finely- velvety at first, slightly channelled down both sides of both 
sutures. 

6. XIX. bracteata, DC. Prodr. ii. 406 ; annual or perennial, branches 
and leaves below with a few adpressed hairs, flowers purple in short-peduncled 



Mucuna.} l. leguminos.e. (J. G. Baker.) 187 

racemes, "bracts ovate extendin^y to the peduncle, pod prlabrescent at first covered 
with short grey velvety tomentum without lonjritudinal furrows. Kurz in Joum. 
Asiot. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 231. Carpopogon bracteatum, lioxh. Hurt, lieng. 64. 

East Himalayas, tropical zone ; Assam, Masters. Khasia, Griffith, Hook, fil, ^• 
Thomson. Chittagong, Boxburgh. Ava, Pegu and Martaban. Kurz. 

Closely allied to M. pruriens, with which it quite agrees in calyx, corolla and 
shape and texture of leaflets. Leaves grey, with only a few obscure adpressed hairs 
below. Rachis of the racemes densely grey-pubescent ; bracts broader and more per- 
sistent than in the rest of the group, those of the peduncle acuminate, ^-4 in. long. 
Pod 3-4 in. long, similar in texture to that oi M. pruricns and similarly abruptly re- 
curved at the end. 

7. BX. hirsuta, W. Sr A. Prodr. 254 ; annual, branches and leaves below 
densely silky, flowers purple in long racemes, bracts small ovate or lanceolate, 
pod ribbed longitudinally clothed with yellow-brown imtating bristles. 

Plains of Wkstern Peninsula. 

Branches slender, densely clothed with short fine deflexed ferruginous or grey 
hairs. Leaflets ovate-rhomboid, obtuse, with a cusp, membranous, thinly silky above, 
densely grey-silky beneath, ferruginous on the veins, 4-6 in. long, li'accmes short- 
peduncled, ^-^ ft. long, with a densely silky rachis. Calgx and corolla as in M. 
pruriens. Pod 3-4 in. long, refiexed at the end, 5-6-8eeded. 

8. Ztt. pruriens, DC. Prodr. ii. 405 ; annual, branches with a few ad- 

{)ressed hairs, leaves grey-silky beneath, flowers in elongated racemes, bracts small 
anceolate, pod ribbed longitudinally clothed with grey rarely ferruginous weak 
irritating bristles. Wall. Cat. 5616 ; Wight in Hook. Pot. Misc. 2, iSuppl. t. 
13. Carpopogon priuriens, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 34; Fl. Ind. iii. 283. Dolichos 
pruriens, Linn. Sp. 1020. M. prurita. Hook. Bot. Misc. ii. 348 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 
255 ; Bah. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 70. M. utilis, Wall. ; Wight Ic. t. 280. 

From the Himalayas, in the plains, to Ceylon and Birma. — Distrib. Cosmopoli- 
tan in the tropics. Often cultivated, as are the two following. 

An annual, with slender terete branches, glabrescent when mature. Leaflets 
membranous, ovate-rhomboid, green, glabrescent above, lustrous with fine grey silky 
pubescence beneath, ^-^ ft. long. Racemes short-peduncled, drooping, ^-1 ft. long, tho 
axis finely grey-silky ; pedicels ^-\ i^.. Calyx f in. long, with a few irritating bristles ; 
upper lip and lanceolate teeth as loiTg as the tube. Corolla purplish, 1^-1^ in. long ; 
wings \ in. broad, rather shorter than the slightly incurved keel. Pod 2-3 in. long, 
5-6-seeded, tvu-gid, clothed with dense persistent bristles which are usually pale 
brown or stee^-grey. — M. utilis, Wall, is a cultivated A'ariety with a velvety pod. 
A variety occurs in Ceylon with short usually two-flowered peduncles. An allied 
plant from Assam, Masters, known in bud only, has closer laxer pubescence and 
large linear-setaceous bracts. 

9. BK. capltata, W. ^ A. P)'odr. 255 ; annual, stem and under surface of 
the leaves glabrescent, flowers in short-peduncled few-lowered corymbs, bracts 
small lanceolate setaceous, pod shortly velvety glabrescent ribbed longitudinally. 
Carpopogon capitatum, Poxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 284. M. velutina, Hassk. Hort. 
Bogor. 277. 

Foot of the "Western and Eastern Himalayas. — Distrib. Java. 

Closely allied to M. pruriens, of which it may be a cultivated race. Leaflets 
the same texture and shape, but with only a few adpressed hairs, not silky below. 
Corymbs with 5-6 flowers, on short ascending peduncles. Calt/x and corolla the 
same. Pod larger, 6-6 in. long, similarly turned up at the end, but tho bristles much 
shorter and deciduous. 

YOL. n. ® 



188 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) IMucuna. 

10. 2M[. nivea, DC. Prodr. ii. 40G ; annual, stem and leaves beneath gla- 
"brescent, flowers white in long drooping racemes, bracts small linear-lanceolate, 
pods shortly yelvety glabrescent ribbed longitudinall)% Wall. Cat. 5624. Car- 
popogon nivemn, Bo.vb. Ilort. Beng. 54 ; FL Ind. iii. 285. M. nigra, Ham. in 
Wall. Cat. 5617. 

AvA and Bengal, perhaps cultivated only. 

Like the preceding, perhaps only a cultivated race of M. pruriens. Leaflets 
■J-f ft. long, distinctly rhomboidal at the base, both sides at first with a few adpressed 
hairs. Eacemes pendulous, often exceeding the leaves. Pedicels, calyx and corolla of 
M. pruriens, but the latter white. Pod half a foot long, black and destitute of 
bristles when mature, 6-8-seeded. 

61. APZOS, Moench. 

Twining herbs. Leaves pinnately 3-7-foliolate, stipellate. Floivers middle- 
sized, in lax racemes, with tmnid nodes ; bracts and bracteoles minute, deciduous. 
Calyx teeth shorter than the tube, two upper connate, lowest linear, the two 
others short, deltoid. Corolla much exserted, the much inciu*ved narrow keel 
exceeding the spoonshaped standard, the wings still shorter. Stamens diadel- 
phous ; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, many-ovuled ; style very long, fili- 
form, beardless, much incm-ved, stigma capitate. Pod linear, compressed. — 
DisTRiB. Species 3, the two others Chinese and N. American. 

1. A. cSLTnea., JBenth. MSS. Oyrtotropis carnea, Wall. Cat. 5527; PI. 
As. Par. 49, t. 62. 

NiPAL. Wallich. Khasia, 4-6000 ft., Hook. jil. ^- Thomson, Ix)hh. 

Stems slender, soon glabrescent. Petioles 2-3 in. ; leaflets usually u, rarely 3, 
glabrous, green above, pale beneath, membranous, opposite, oblong, acute, 3-4 in. 
long. Flowers in long-peduncled flexuose secund racemes 6-9 in. long ; lower pedicels 
fascicled, upper solitary ; bracts and brz^cteoles minute, linear, caducous. Calyx gveen, 
glabrous, j-f in. Corolla reddish, quite twice the calyx. Pod 4-5 in. long, glabrous, 
straight, 1 2-1 6-seeded. 

62. ZSRVTHRXNA, Linn. 

Trees with prickly branches. Floivers large, coral-red, in dense racemes, 
produced usually before the development of the large constantly 3-foliolate leaves. 
Calyx oblique, spathaceous, finally slitting down to the base or campanulato-bi- 
labiate. Petals very unequal ; standard always much exserted and considerably 
exceeding the keel and wings. Upper stamen free down nearly to the base or 
connate with the others half way up the filaments ; anthers uniform. Ovary 
stalked; many-ovuled ; style incurved, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod linear, 
turgid, torulose. — Distrib. Species 25-30, principally tropical, in both the new 
world and the old, and at the Cape. 

SuEGEN. 1. Stenotropis, Hassk. Calyx spathaceous, oblique, not at 
all 2-lipped, finally split to the base down the back. 

1. ZS. indica, Lam. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 412 ; calyx 5-cleft at the tip, keel- 
petals free, pod 6-8-seeded. Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 249 ; Wall. Cat. 5963 ; W. S^- 
A. Prodr. 260 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 87 ; Wight Ic. t. 58 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 70. 
E. spathacea, Wall. Cat. 5965. E. corallodendron, Linn. Sp. 992, ex parte. E. 
cuneata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6967. — Rheede Hort. Mai. vi. t. 7. 

Foot of the Himalayas to Ceylon, Birma and Malacca, often planted. — Distbib. 
Java, Polynesia. 



Urythrina.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 189 

A tall tree, "with thin grey bark, the prickles minute, conical, usually black. Pe- 
tioles 4-6 in., mostly unarmed; leaflets membranous, subconcolorous, glalirous, the 
end one round-cuspidate, 4-6 in. long and broad, truncate or broad-rhomboidal at the 
base. Bacemes dense, ^ ft. long, on spreading woody peduncles ; pedicels \-if in., 
dovmy. Calyx 1-1^ in. long, with a very oblique mouth from the first, subglab- 
rous, minutely 5-toothed at the very tip. Standard 2-2^ in. long, the blade 1 in. 
broad ; wings and keel subequal, not more than half as long as the calyx, Pod ^-\ ft. 
long, distinctly torulose. — E. picta, Linn. (Rianph, Amboin. t. 77) appears to be a 
mere form of this, with variegated leaves. 

2. E. strlcta, Eoxb. Hort. Beng. 53 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 251 ; cal\-x entire at 
the tip, keel-petals connate, pod 2-3-seeded. W. Sf A. Prodr. 200 ; Dalz. ^ 
Gibs. Bomb. Flora, 70 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 175. Micropteiyx stricta, Waljh in 
Linncsa, xxiii. 740. 

Wkstern Peninsula, common. 

A large tree. Prickles whitish, rarely extending to the petioles. Leaflets same 
shape as in E. indica, glabrescent on both surfaces. Calyx sul)glabrous, \ in. long. 
Standard oblong-lanceolate, H in. long ; keel half as long as the standard' much ex- 
ceeding the truncate wing. Stamens as in the last. Pod 4—5 in. long, less torulose 
than in the last, narrowed to both ends, glabrous, its stalk longer than the 
calyx. 

SuBGEX. 2. Zmicropteryz, Wal]). Calyx- campanulate, more or less 
distinctly 2-lipped, but not splitting down to the base. Fod turgid and seed- 
bearing through its whole length. 

3. E. resupinata, Foxb. Cor. PL t. 220^ Hort. Beng. 53; Fl. Ind. iii. 
257 ; herbaceous, leaflets as broad as long, limb of standard oblong. DC. P)'odr. 
ii. 410 ; Brand. For. Fl. 141. 

Upper Gangetic plain ; Nawal Khar, Br. Brandis. Oudh, Dr. Stewart. 

Racemes direct from the rootstock, under a foot high, dense, appearing before the 
leaves. Petioles and peduncles prickly. Leaflets round-cordate, 2-3 in. long and 
broad. Calyx ^-^ in. long, campanulato-bilabiate. Standard 3-4 times the 
calyx ; keel half as long as the standard tinged with red, its petals united ; wings much 
shorter, greenish. Upper stamen free from low down. 

4. E. ovalifolla, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 53 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 254 ; arborescent, 
leaflets twice as long as broad, glabrous, limb of the standard as broad as long. 
Wall. Cat. 5961 ; Wight Ic. t. 247 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 88 ; Benth. PL Jtingh. 237. 
E. picta, Wall. Cat. 5960, nan Linn. Duchassaingia ovalifolia, Walp. in Lin- 
ncca, xxiii. 742. 

Forests of Suxet, Assam, Bengal, Ceylon, Birula and Malacca. — Distuib. Java, 
Polynesia, and perhaps not distinct from American E. glanca, Willd. 

Branches pale grey. Prickles usually black, not extending to the petiole. Leaflets 
subcoriaceous, glaucous, the end one ovate or obovate-oblong, very different in shape 
from that of any other species, often ^ ft. long, obtuse or subacute. Calyx ^-^ inf, 
brown-velvety, splitting nearly down to the base in two halves. 5/fln<iarrf deep scarlet, 
H-2 in. by 1^ in, eraarginatc; keel petals adherent, half as long as standard ; wing 
rather shorter. Pod 6-8-seedcd, ^ ft. long, distinctl}- torulose, narrowed into a short 
stalk. 

5. E. suberosa, Roxb. Hort. Ben//. 58; FL Lid. iii. 253; arborescent, 
leaflets as long as broad matted with pubescence beneath, limb of the standard 
3-4 times as long as broad, pod turgid. Wall. Cat. 5969 ; W. ^' A. Prodr. 
260 ; Bedd. FL Sylv. 87 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. FL 70. Micropteryx suberosa. 



190 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Eri/thnna. 

Walp. in LinrKsa, xxiii. 744. E. alba, Roxh. MSS. E. Nahasuta, and E. 
renifonnis, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 6966, 6968. 

Himalayas tx) Ceylon, ascending to 3-4000 in the north-west. 

A tree, reaching 40-50 feet high, with corky deeply cracked bark. Prickles yel- 
lowish, longer than in the others. Leaflets green and glabrous above, 3-6 in. broad, 
often broader than deep, usually pointed, with a broad deltoid base, thickly matted 
with grey cottony down beneath. Racemes densely capitate. Calyx ^ in. long, faintly 
downy, soon deeply bilabiate. Standard 1^-2 in. long, its blade |-| in. broad ; keel- 
petals connate, less than half as long as the standard. Upper stamen free from low 
down. Pod ^ ft. long, subterete, distinctly torulose, 4-5-se6ded. 

Vae. suhiobata ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 254 (sp.) ; leaflets larger conspicuously sinu- 
ated. W. 4- A. Prodr. 261 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 87- E. maxima, Roxb. MSS. Macro- 
pteryx sublobata, Walp. in Linncea, xxiii. 740. E. tomentosa, Hain. in Wall. Cat. 
^5964. — Orissa, Roxburgh. Mungger hills, Hamilton. Subalpine jungles of AVestern 
Peninsula, Beddome. 

6. ZS. arborescens, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 53 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 256 ; arbores- 
■cent, leaflets as broad as long glabrous beneath, limb of the standard 2-3 times 
as long as broad, pod firm Hattish. Roxh. Cor. PI. t. 219 ; Wall. Cat. 5962 ; 
Brand. For. Fl. 140. 

Centrai- and East Himalayas ; Kumaon to Sikkim and Khasia, ascending to 
7,000 ft. 

A low tree, with few prickles on the branches. Leaflets membranous, greenish on 
both sides, the end one pointed, truncate or rather cordate at the base, often ^-1 ft. 
broad. Flower very like that of E. suberosa, but the colys. larger and the limb of 
the standard broader. Pod much curved, ^-| ft, long, 1 in. or more broad, 4-6- 
eeeded, narrowed gradually to a distinct beak and stalk. 

SuBGEN. 3. Hypaphorus, Hassk. Calyx as in the last. Pod flat, 
seedless and indehiscent in the lower half, bearing 1-3 seeds towards the tip. — 
Connects Erythrina vnih Butea and Spatholohus. 

7. S. litbosperma, Blume, ex Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 209. E. secun- 
diflora, Hassk. PI. Jav. Rar. 378 ; Smth. PI. Jungh. 237, non Brotero. 

Rangoon, McClelland.— 'Dis-miB. Java; Philippines, Cuming, 1161. 

A tall tree, with branchlets often unarmed. Leaflets membranous, glabrous, 
greenish, the end one roundish, acute, 4-6 in. long. Racemes pilose, cotemporaneons 
with the leaves. Calyx velvety, i-f in. long, finally splitting down nearly to the 
base in two lips. Standard IJ-U in. long, the limb oblong, obtuse ; keel and wings 
subequal, ^ in. long. Pod much recurved, 4-5 in. long, broader in lower half, with a 
stalk reaciiing U-l| in. long.— Kurz (Journ. A.siat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 69) says 
Miquel's plant is not Blume's, and that it is E. sumatrana, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 
304. I cannot, without specimens, clearly distinguish E. holosericea, Kurz loc. cit. 
from this ; its pod is unknown. 



63. STROXGVX.ODON, Vogel. 

Twining herbs, with the habit of Phaseolus, with stipellate 3-foliolate leaves, 
i^fowers ill long lax racemes. Ca/y.f campanulate, gibbous ; teeth short, obtuse, 
imbricated. Corolla much exserted ; standard lanceolate, recurved ; wings ob- 
tuse, more than a third as long ; keel curved, as long as the standard, narrowed 
into a lon^ beak. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary stalked, 



Strongylodon.] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 191 

few-ovuled, style filiform, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod oLloufr, turgid. 
Seeds as large as a bean, with a hilum running more than half round, — Distrib. 
Species 3, Polynesian. 

1. S. ruber, Vorjel ; Walp. Ann. iv. 659 ; A. Gray Bot. Amer. Explor. 
E.cpedit.,4AQ,t. 48; Thwaites Enum. 89. Rhyuchosia lucida, Z>C Prodr.W.. 

387. 

Ceyi-on, near Kornegalle, Thwaites. — Disthib. Polynesia, 

Stems firm, wide-twining, glabrous. Leaflets green, subconcolorous, glabrous, 
membranous, the end one roundish with a point, 4-6 in. long. Racemes copious, ax- 
illary, distinctly-peduncled, 1-1 ft. long ; pedicels geminate from the tumid nodes, 
filiform, drooping, »-l in. Calyx glabrous, \-^ in., clasped at the base by a pair of 
short round deciduous bracteoles. Corolla bright red, 3-4 times the calyx. Pod ob- 
long, 3 in. long, distinctly stalked, 2-seeded, 



64. GRONA, Lour. 

Twining herbs, with stipellate 1-foliolate leaves, deciduous stipules and bracts. 
Macemes with obscurely-swollen nodes. Calijx-tuhe campanulate ; teeth elong- 
ated, upper 2 shorter. Corolla distinctly e.xserted, its petals nearly equal in 
length, both standard and wings spurred ; keel obtuse, nearly straight. Stamens 
diadelphous; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, many-ovuled ; style long, 
filiform, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod linear, turgid, septate between the 
seeds. — Distrib. Another species reported from Cochin China. 

■ 1. G*. Grahami, Benth. PL Jangh. 233; flowers in very lax fascicled 
racemes, bracteoles a quarter as long as the calyx. Glycine Grahami, Wall. Cat 
5513. 

PfiOME, Wallich. 

A lax climber or trailer, the slender stems with a few adpressed hairs. Leaflet 
subcoriaceous, glabrous, subconcolorous, reticulato-venose, 3-6 in. long, acute, lower 
cordate-ovate, upper oblong-lanceolate; petiole ^H in. Racemes 2-3 from each 
node, 1-3 in. long, the flowers in pairs from the distant nodes. Calyx glabrescent, 
^ in ; teeth all exceeding tube, lower linear, upper lanceolate. Corolla ^ in. reddish. 

2, G. Dalzellii, Baker ; "flowers in dense usually sessile heads, bracteoles 
as long as the calvx, Galactia simplicifolia, Dalz. in Kew Journ. iii, 209 ; Dalz. 
Sf Gibs. Bomb. Fl 69, 

Plains of Cong an, Dalzell, Stocks. 

A herbaceous twiner, the slender stems with a few adpressed hairs. Leaflets mem- 
branous, with a few adpressed hairs on both sides, green above, glaucous below, ovate, 
acutp, 2-4 in, long, lower cordate, upper rounded at the base; petiole J-1^ in. 
Flowers 6-12, in copious dense cymes. Calyx ^ in., clothed with dense ferruginous 
silky hairs ; lower teeth lanceolate, upper deltoid. Corolla twice the calyx. Pod 
linear, straight, hairy, 2-2^ in. long, 8-10-seeded, 

3. G. filicaulis, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Sac. Beng. xlii. 2, 232 ; flowers 
axillary, 

Peotj, Kurz. 

Voluble, slender. Leaves broad cordate-ovate, obtuse, mucronate, I-H in. broad, 
palmately nerved, thinly hirsute on both sides ; petiole A^-f in. F/otycr/ small, yel- 
low, pedicellate, cirrhoso-pedunculate. Pod slender, linear, glabrous, 1 in. long, 
5-6-seeded ; seeds shining, olive-green, mottled with black. — Kurz, loc. cit. 



192 L. LEQUMIN03JE, (J. G. Baker.) [Galactia, 



65. GAZ.ACTZA, P. Br. 

Twining lierts, with 3-foliolate stipellate leaves, like Glycine in habit, hut 
with the nodes of the raceme slightly tumid. Calyx-tube short ; teeth linear or 
lanceolate, the two uppermost entirely fused in one. Corolla little exserted ; it» 
petals nearly equal in length ; keel obtuse, nearly straight. Stamens diadelph- 
ous ; anther's uniform. Ovary subsessile, mauy-ovuled ; style long, filifonn, beard- 
less, stigma capitate. Fod linear, flattened, recurved. — Distrib. Species 45, 
mostly Tropical American. 

1. G. tenuiflora, W. ^' A. Trodr. 206 ; leaflets small obtuse, flowers in 
pairs from the distant nodes of elongated racemes, hairs of calyx very short ad- 
pressed. Glycine tenuiflora, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 241 ; Roxh. Fk Ind. iii. 
319. 

Plains from the foot of the Himalayas to Ceylon and Siam. — Distrib. Natal, 
Zambesi-land, Australia, Malay isles. 

Stems very slender, obscurely grey-downy. Stipules deciduous, minute ; petiole 
1-li in. ; leaflets ovate or oblong, 1^-2 in. long, membranous, green, glabrescent 
above, grey, obscurely silky below. Eacemes copious, peduncled, 5—^ ft. long. Calyx 
1 y in. long, finely grey silky ; teeth lanceolate acuminate, exceeding the tube. Co- 
rolla reddish, i in. long. Fad 1^-2 in. by \ in., glabrescent, 6-8-seeded. 

Var. 1. lucida; leaflets linear-oblong subcoriaceous glabrous on both surfaces 
sublucent above, flowers smaller. Glycine lucida, Graft, in Wall. Cat. 5511. Gr. 
graminea, Heyne MSS. — Western Peninsula. 

Var. 2. minor; stems very slender, leaflets and flowers smaller, the former 
oblong ^-1 in. long thinly grey silky below, corolla \-^ in. long, pod 1 in. long 
glabrous 4-5-seeded. Leucodictyon malvensis, JDah. ^ Gibs. Bomh. Flora, 73. G. 
tenuiflora, Wall. Cat. 5509 A— Western Peninsula. 

Var. 3. villosa ; stems leaves below and pods densely grey-downy, leaflets oblong 
1-H in. long, flowers fewer and smaller than in the type. G. villosa, W. ^ A. Prodr. 
207."^ Glycine tenuiflora, Wall. Cat. 6509, B, C. G. filiformis, Wall. Cat. 5510 and 
5519,— r- Western Peninsula. 

Var. 4. latifolia ; stems and leaves below densely pubescent, leaflets subcoria- 
ceous roundish l|-2 in. long, racemes elongated, calyx hoary more deeply cleft. — 
Concan, Stocks. 

2. G. ? oxypliylla, Benth. PI. Jungh. 233 ; leaflets large acute, flowers 
2-4 in axillary nearlj' sessile cymes, hairs of calvx long and silky. Glycine 
oxyphylla, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5522. 

Tenasserlm ; Tavoy, Gomez. Amherst, Parish. 

Stems slender, clothed with conspicuous spreading deciduous ferruginous hairs. 
Petioles 2-3 in. ; leaflets membranous, green, subconcolorous, with a few adpressed 
hairs on both surfaces, oblong, 3-4 in. long, ^rac^s lanceolate, nervose, subpersistent ; 
bracteoles linear, as long as the tube. Calyx | in. long ; teeth linear-setaceous, 2-3 
times as long as the tube, plumose. Corolla reddish, ^ in. long. Pod unknown. — Ke- 
cedes irom Galactia by its cymose inflorescence and persistent nervose bracts. 

66. COCZXI.XANTHVS, Benth. 

A climbing herb. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, stipellate. Floivei's racemed. 
Calyx-tube campanulate ; teeth short, the lowest longest, lanceolate, the two 
upper fused into one. Corolla much exserted, the petals nearly equal in length ; 
standard broad ; keel narrow, curved, roimded at the end in a semicircle. Sta- 
mens diadelphous ; anthers unifoim. Ovary short-stipitate, many-ovuled ; style 



Gochlianthus.'] L. LEGUMINOS^. (J. G. Baker.) 193 

filiform incurved ; stigma large, terminal. Pod linear, incurved, flattish. — 
DiSTRiB. A single endemic species with the habit of a slender Mucuna. 

1. C. gracilis, Benth. PL Jungh. 234. Mucuna? gracilis, Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 5626. 

NiPAL, Wallich. 

A slender twining subglabrous herb, with both leaves and flower turning black 
when dried. Leaves distinctly petioled, 3-foliolate, stipellate, membranous, with a 
few adpressed hairs on both surfaces, grey beneath ; end one ovate-rhomboidal, acumi- 
nate, 2-3 in. long. Flowers 6-20 in dose racemes on drooping .slender peduncles ; 
bracteoles setaceous, very minute, deciduous. Calyx \ in., densely clothed with ad- 
pressed silky hairs. Corolla 3' times as long as the calyx. 



67. SPATKOXiOBUS, Hassk. 

Woody climbers, with 3-foliolate stipellate leaves. Flowers small or middle- 
sized, in ample terminal panicles, extending into the axils of the upper leaves, the 
pedicels densely fascicled at the timiid nodes. Calyx campanulate ; teeth 
lanceolate or oblong-deltoid, the upper two connate. Corolla distinctly ex- 
serted, its petals subequal, the keel obtuse, nearly straight. Stamens diadel- 
phous ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile or stalked, 2-ovuled ; style incurved, 
beardless, stigma capitate. Pod exactly like that of Butea. — Distrib. Species 
10, the others Malayan and one Trop. African. By the pod dehiscing only at 
the seed-bearing apex this and Butea approach DalhergiecB. 

1. S. Roxburg-hii, Benth. PI. Jungh. 238 ; leaflets subcoriaceous grey- 
canescent beneath, end one obovate-rhomboidal, flowers middle-sized, pod 
stalked usually equal in width throughout. Butea parviflora, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 
53; Fl. Ind. iii. 248; DC. Prodr. ii. 415; Wall. Cat. 5440; W. ^ A. Prodr. 
261 ; Wight Ic. t. 210; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 71. B. sericophvUa, Wall. Cat. 
6441. 

Plains from the foot of the West Himalayas to Ceylon, Maetaban and Tenas- 

SERIM. 

A robust climber, with densely grey-downy branches. Petiole \-^ ft. ; leaflets 
subcoriaceous-, didl green, glabrescent above, obtuse or shortly cuspidate, deltoid at 
the base, 6-9 in. long. Pa7iicle reaching 1-1^ ft. long; branches very downy; pe- 
dicels ^ in. or less long. Calyx ^-^ in., densely grey-velvety ; lower teeth lanceolate, 
nearly as long as the tube. Corolla bright red, half as long again as the calyx. 
Pod 3-4 in. long, usually 1 in. broad, clothed with ferruginous tomeutum, which is 
thickest and darkest towards the tip, narrowed suddenly into a stalk ^ in. long. 

Vau. 1. denudatus; leaves nearly concolorous, calvate beneath. ]5utea gjTOcarpa, 
Wall. Cat. 5442, in joar^.— Penang. 

Var. 2. platycarpus ; pod nearly 2 in. broad conspicuously narrowed to the seed- 
bearing tip. — Concan, Stocks. 

2. S. g-yrocarpus, Benth. PI. Jungh. 238 ; leaflets subcoriaceous ferru- 
gineo-pubescent beneath, end one obovate-rhomboidal, flowers small, calyx 
densely grey-downy, teeth very short, pod sessile narrowed to the tip. Butea 
gyrocarpa. Wall. Cat. 5442, ex parte. 

Forests of Penanq and Malacca, Wallich, &c. — Distkib. Philippines, Cuming, 945. 

A robust woody climber, with densely ferruginoo-pubescent branches. Petiole 
4-6 in. ; leaflets dull green, pubescent on the ribs above, not at all canescout, but beset 
■with short spreading hairs and reticulato-venose beneath, the base rather rounded, the 
end one 6-9 in. long. Panicle 1 ft. lone: : branches very downv ; pedicels very short. 



194 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Spatholohis. 

Calyx ^ in. ; teeth deltoid. Corolla reddish, ^ in. long ; limb and standard broader 
than deep, emarginate. Pod like the samara of a sycamore reversed, finely downy, 
3-5 in. long, more membranous than in the last 

3. S. acuxninatus, Benth. PI. Jungh. 238 ; leaflets subcoriaceous ob- 
long cuspidate rounded at the base glabrous beneath, flowers small, calyx ol>- 
scurely downy, teeth oblong half as long as the tube, pod sessile narrowed to 
the tip. Butea acuminata. Wall. Cat. 5443, Pongartnia rosea. Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 5907. P. rigida, Wall. Cat. 5908 ? 

Forests of Tenasserim and Penang, V/allick, &c. 

A robust climber, with branches minutely downy at first, soon glabrescent. Petiole 
2-4 in. long ; leaflets subconcolorous, pale grey-green on both sides, much thinner 
than in 8. crassifolius, the end one 4-8 in. long. Panicle more than a foot long ; pe- 
dicels much shorter than the calyx. Calyx ^ in. Corolla bright red, three times the 
calyx ; limb of the standard as long as broad. Pod just like that of S. gyrocarpus. — 
Here most likely belongs ' Pongamia ? ' Wall, Cat. 9054, from Penang. We have 
a closely allied plant from Mishmi, Griffith, 1678, with a more rigid much recurved 
larger pod half a foot long; and another from Concan, Stocks (S. purpxjreus, Benth. 
MSS.) with very dense panicles, dark purple corolla, and longer pedicels, which no 
doubt is distinct, but of which the pod is unknown. 

4. S. crassifolius, Benth. PL Jungh. 238 ; leaflets very thick and rigid 
oblong cuspidate rounded at the base glabrous beneath, flowers small, calyx 
densely brown-velvety, teeth deltoid half as long as the tube, pod stalked. Pon- 
gamia crassifolia, Wall. Cat. 5913. 

Forests of Sixhet and Penano, Wallich. Khasia, Griffith. 

Branches at first clothed with ferruginous pubescence. Leaflets like those of S. 
acuminatus, 6-9 in. long, thicker in texture, very shining on the upper siirface, quite 
glabrous beneath from the beginning. Pedicels very short, the fiowers densely clus- 
tered towards the end of the branchlets. Calyx ^ in. long. Corolla dark piu^le, 
scarcely twice as long as the calyx ; limb of the standard broader than deep, emargi- 
nate. Pod only seen very immature. 

68. BUTE A, Eoxb. 

Erect trees or climbing shrubs, with 3-foliolate large stipellate leaves. Flowers 
densely fascicled, large, showy, in axillary racemes or terminal racemes or pani- 
cles. Calyx broadly campanulate ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla much exserted ; 
petals nearly equal in lengthy the keel much curved, subobtuse or acute. Sta- 
mens diadeiphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile or stalked, 2- ovuled ; style 
filiform, curved, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod firm, ligulate, splitting round 
the single apical seed, the lowest part indehiscent. — Distrib. No other species. 

1. B. frondosa, Roib. Cor. PI. 21, t. 21 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 244; an erect tree, 
lower calyx-teeth deltoid, keel much curved acute 4 times as long as the calvx, 
pod distinctly stalked. Wall. Cat. 5569, ex parte ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 261 ; DC. 
Prod. ii. 415 : Wight in Hooh. Bot. Misc. iii. 102, Suppl. t. 32 ; Beddoyne Fl. 
Sylv. t. 176 '; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 71 ; Brand. For. Fl. 142. Erythrina 
monosperma, Lamk. Diet. i. "^Ql.—Rheede Hort. Mai. vi. t. 16-17. 

Plains from the Himalayas to Ceylon and Birma, ascending to 4000 ft. in the 
north-west. 

An erect tree, reaching ai height of 40-60 ft. Shoots clothed with grey or brown 
silky pubescence. Petiole j-^ ft. ; leaflets 4-8 in, long, coriaceous, glabrescent above, 
densely finely silky and strongly veined below ; end one roundish, with a rhomboid 
base, obtuse, often emarginate, Racemes ^ ft. long ; pedicels ^1 in., densely brown- 
velvety. Ca.lyx I in. long, velvety. Petals hright orange-red, equal, thickly clothed on 
the outside with silvery tomentum, the standard 1 in. broad, the keel semicircular, 
beaked. Pod 6-8 in. by 1^2 in., argenteo-canescent, narrowed suddenly into a stalk 
longer than the calyx. 



Butea.] L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) 195 

2. B. superba, Jto.vb. Cor. PI. 23, t. 22 ; Ilort. Bmg. 53 ; Fl. Ind. 
iii. 247 ; a climber, lower calyx-teeth lanceolate-deltoid, keel much curved acute 
4-6 times as long- as the calyx, pod distinctly stalked. Wall. Cat. 5438 ; 
DC. Prodi', ii. 415; W. 8f A, Prodr. 2C1 ; IJalz. 8f Gibs. Bojyxh. Fl. 71 ; Brand. 
For. Fl. 143. B. frondosa. Wall. Cat. 5569, ex parte. 

Forests of Concan, Bengal, Orissa and Bikma. 

Very near the last, from which it diifers mainly by its scandent habit, not by any 
botanical characters. Leaflets and flowers larger, the former reaching 20 in. long. 
Racemes 1 ft. long ; pedicels sometimes 3 times as long as the calyx. 

3, B. minor, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 5439 ; a climber, corolla three times the 
calyx, keel little curved subobtuse, pod subsessile. 

East Himalayas ; Nipal, WaUich ; Silhet, Da Silva ; Khasia, 1-4000 ft., Hook.fil. 
^ Thomson, Lohh. ; Mishmi, Griffith. 

Branches rohnst. clothed at first with grey or brown silky hairs. Petiole ^-^ ft. ; 
leaflets obtuse or cuspidate, 6-15 in. long, coriaceous, scabrous above, finely silky 
beneath, the end one orbicular, with a rhomboidal base. Racemes \-\ ft. long. Calyx 
}-^ in., brown-velvety, as are the pedicels ; teeth very short. Corolla dull red, 1 in. 
long, densely velvety on the outside; keel rather exceeding the wings and standard, 
■which is ^ in. broad. Pod S-S^ in. long by 1-1;^ in., cuneate at the base. 

69. ZH ASTERS! A, Benth. 

Calyx-tube turbinate ; teeth lonf^, lower lanceolate, two upper connate. Co- 
rolla scarcely exserted ; petals nearly equal in length ; standard roundish ; keel 
obtuse, little curved. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform ? Ovary sessile, 
many-ovuled ; style short, filiform, incurved, stigma capitate. Pod linear-ob- 
long, flat, indehiscent, the dorsal suture bordered by a narrow erect wing. — 
DiSTRiR. A single endemic species, combining the habit of Pkaseolece with the 
pod of Dalbe7'{/ie(S, 

1. UK. cleistocarpa, Baker. 

East Himalayas, Assam and Mishmi, Wallich, Griffith. 

A woody climber, with firm terete glabrous branches. Leaves 3-foliolate, di.stinctly 
petioled ; leaflets subcoriaceous. stipellate, glabrous above, inconspicuously downy be- 
neath ; end one obovate-cuspidate, 5-6 in. long, rounded at the base. Racemes reaching 
a foot long ; pedicels \-^ in., geminate, from very tumid nodes. Calyx ^ in. long, tho 
tube hidden by a pair of large round striated bracteoles. Po4 shining, very flat, 
3-5 in. by |-1 in. 

70. CANAVAZ.XA, DO. 

Large twining perennials or biennials, with stipellate 3-foliolate leaves and 
showy flowers. Calyx deep, the limb 2-lipped, the upper lip projecting, entire 
or emarginate, the lower shortly 3-toothed. Corolla much exserted ; standard 
large, roundi.<?h ; wings shorter, equalling the incurved obtuse keel. Stioneni 
monadelphous ; anthers uniform. Geary obscurely stalked, many-ovuled ; ."^tyle 
incurved, beardless, stigma terminal. Pod large, linear or oblong, thitti.><h. with 
a distinct rib on each valve near the upper suture. — DisxRin. Species alniut a 
dozen, two widely- spread in the tropics, the others mostly American. 

1. C. ensiforxnis, DC. Prodr. ii. 404; leaflets ovate or obhing u.^ually 
acute, racemes manv-flowered, pod manv-seeded. Polichos ensiformis, Linn. 
Sp. PL 1022. C. glkiata, DC. loc. cit. ; Wall. Cat. 5531 ; W. &■ A. IVodr. 263. 



196 L. LEGUMiNOS-s;. (J. G. Baker.) [Canavalia. 

Dolichos gladiatiis, Jacq. Ic. t. 560 ; Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 300. 0. Loureirii, G. 
Don Gen. Syst. ii, 363. C. incur va, DC. loc. cit. — Rheede Hort. Mai. viii. t. 44. 

East Himalayas to Ceylon and Siam, wild and commonly cultivated. — Distrib. 
Everywhere in the Tropics. 

Steyns wide-twining, perennial or biennial, glabrous. Stipules minute, deciduous; 
leaflets entire, ovate, membranous, glabrous, 4-6 in. long. Pedu7icles and racemes 
each \—^ ft. long ; pedicels very short, geminate from the very tumid nodes ; 
bracteoles minute, ovate, caducous. Calyx |-^ in., glabrous, the upper lip a third of 
the length of the tube. Corolla more than twice as long as the calyx, red or white. 
Pod 6-9 in. by l-lj in., glabrescent, rather recurved, 8-12-seeded. 

Var. 1. virosa; leaflets obovate or obovate-oblong smaller more obtuse glabrous, 
axis of raceme more densely pubescent, pod 2-4 in. long 4-6-seeded, flowers smaller. 
Dolichos virosus, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 55 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 301. C. virosa, W. ^~ A. Prodr. 
253 ; Balz. <^- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 69. — Perhaps rather the wild form of the plant than a 
proper variety. Seeds said to be bitter in the variety, eatable in the type. 

Var. 2. turgida, G-rah. in Wall. Cat. 5534 (sp.) ; leaves like the last, but the 
pod larger and more tui*gid, 3-5 in. by 1^2 in. broad. Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 215. 
C. Stocksii; Balz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 69 ?" 

Var. 3. mollis. Wall. Cat. 5533 (sp.) ; branches leaves and calyx densely clothed 
with short grey pubescence, pod small oblong slightly downy till mature. W. ^ A. 
Prodr. 253. — Nilghiris and Dindygul hills, in the Carnatic. 

2. C. obtusifolia, DC. Prodr. ii. 404 ; leaflets obovate obtuse sometimes 
emarginate, racemes few-flowered, pod few-seeded. Wall. Cat. 5532 ; W. <^ A. 
Prodr. 253 ; Clegh. in Mad7-as Journ., new series, vol. i. tab. iv. Dolichos 
obcordatus and rotundifolius, Ro.vh. Kart. Beng. 55 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 302-3. 0. 
rosea, lineata and rutilans, DC. loc. cit. Rhjnchosia rosea, DC. Prodr. ii. 387. 

Coasts of Western Peninsula, Ceylon and Malay Peninsula. — Distrib. Cos- 
mopolitan in the tropics, 

A glabrous perennial. Leaflets thicker than in the last, 2-4^ in. long, more con- 
spicuously veined, often as broad as long. Racemes usually overtopping the leaves. 
Flower like that of the last, but the upper lip of the calyx rather shorter. Pod 4-5 
in. by 1 in., glabrous, 4-6-seeded. 

71. DXOCZ.EA, H.B.K. 

Climbing shrubs. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate, stipellate. Floioers blue or 
white, in elongated racemes with thickened nodes ; bracts and bracteoles cadu- 
cous. Calyx-tube campanulate ; teeth as long as the tube, two upper quite 
connate. Corolla little exserted ; petals about equal in length ; keel incurved, 
but not beaked. Stamens monadelphous, but the uppermost free at the base ; 
anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, few-ovuled ; style incurved, beardless, 
stigma capitate. Pod oblong, turgid, 1-2-seeded, flattened^ along the upper 
suture. — DisTKiB. Species 16, all the others Tropical American. 

D. LASiocARPA, Mart., a common Tropical American species with lax racemes, 
small bracts, densely fascicled pedicels as long as the glabrous calyx and 6-8-seeded 
strap-shaped pods 4-6 in. long, is contained in the Concan collection of Dr. Stocks, 
probably introduced. 

1. X>. reflexa, Hook. jil. Niger Flor. 306. Dolichos coriaceus. Grah. in 
Wall. Cat. 5562. Dioclea javanica, Benth. PI. Jungh. 236. D. Fergusonii, 
Thwaites Enum. 412. 

Forests of Silhet, Hook. Jil. ^ Thomson. Penang and Singapore, Wallich. 
Tenasserim, Heifer. Ceylon, Ferguson.— Distrib. Malay isles, Trop. Africa, Trop. 
America. 



Pueraria.] l. leguminos;e. (J. G. Baker.) 107 

A woody climber, with terete branches, at first pubescent. Leaflets subcoriaceous, 
obtuse or acute, pubescent beneath, 4-6 in. long. Flowers in peduncled dense 
subspicate racemes ^-1 ft. long ; bracts linear, refle.xed, silky, ^ in. long. Calyx 
|-4 in., silky, vnth. a pair of small obtuse bracteoles. Corolla reddish, half as long 
again as the calyx. Pod 3-4 in. long, glabrescent, but clothed at first with adpressod 
silky hairs. 

72. PVBRARZA, DO. 

Twininof shrubs or herbs, with stipellate 3-foliolate leaves ; leaflets some- 
times palmatifid. Flmcers large or small, densely fascicled, in lonj? often com- 
pound racemes. Calyx-teeth long- or short, the two upper connate. Corolla 
distinctly exserted ; standard usually spmred at the base, equallinir in len<rth 
the obtuse wing-s and keel. Stamens more or less thoroughly monadelphous ; 
anthers uniform. Ovary sessile or nearly so, many-ovuled ; style filiform, much 
incurved beardless, stigrma capitate. Pod linear, flattish. — L)ibtrib. Only one 
East Asian species not here represented. 

StTBGEN. 1. Pueraria proper. Floivers produced after the leaves fall. 
Pod \-^ in. broad, with constrictions between the seeds that redall the articu- 
lations of Hedysareae. 

1. P. tuberosa, DC. Prodr. ii. 240; calyx densely silky, teeth subobtuse 
shorter than the tube, bracts verv minute, lamina of wings oblique oblong:, 
pod clothed with weak bristles. Wall. Cat. 5352 ; W. <^ A. Prodr. 205, 449 ; 
Wight Ic. t. 412 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. Ft. (j7 ; Benth. in Linn. Soc. Jou?m. 
ix. 123. Iledysarum tuberosmn, Roxb. Ilort. Peng. 57 ; Fl. IjuI. iii. 363. 

Wkst Himalayas, tropical zone, ascending to 4000 ft. in Kumaon. Hills of 
Western Peninsuxa and Orissa. 

Root very large, tuberous. Stems shrubby, the branches finely grey-downy. 
Stipules minute, deciduous, cordate-ovate ; leaflets membranous, roundish, ^-1 ft. 
long, green, glabrescent above, densely clothed with whitish adpressed hairs beneath. 
Flowers in den«e virgate leafless often panicled racemes, re<\ching 6-9 in. long; 
pedicels very short, densely fjiscicled. Calyx ^-\ in. long, densely silky. Corolla 
bluish, not quite twice the calyx ; limb of standard orbicular, distinctly spurred. Pod 
2-3 in. long, membranous, flat, 3-6-seeded, clothed with long grey silky bristly hairs. 

2. P. CandoUei, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5355 ; calyx subgflabrous, teeth 
acute as long as the tube, bracts exceeding the buds, lamina of wingrs semi- 
circular, pod subglabrous. Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. 123. 

Pegu, Wallick, McClelland. Moulmein, Lohb. 

Shrubby, with slender terete glabrous branches. Sfipnles in the last ; leaflot.s sub- 
coriaceous, roundish, with an acute point, i-J ft. long, both surfaces greenish, glabres- 
cent. Racemes lax, virgate, panicled, reaching a foot or more long, the sulc^ite 
rachises subglabrous ; pedicels -^-^ in. ; bracts linear, |-^ in. long. Calt/x ^-l in., 
clasped by a pair of minute persistent ovate bracteoles. Corolhi twice the calyx ; 
limb of standard roundish, spurred. Pod 3 in. long, few-seeded. 

SuBGEN. 2. Neustanthus, Benth. Lenfiets entire, rarely faintly 1o1j<hI, 
contemporaneous with the flowers. Pod \-\ in. broad, not constricted, 4- 1 1'- 
seeded. 

3. P. peduncularis, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5354 ; herljaceou^, stipides 
basifixed, flower-pedicels exceeding the calyx, calyx-teeth small deltoid, corolla 
middle-sized, pod glabrous membranous. BentK in Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. li'4. 
Neustauthus peduncularis, Benth. PI. Jungh. 235. 



198 L. LEGUMiNOS/E. (J. G. Baker.) [Pueraria. 

East Himalayas and Khasia Mts., temperate region, alt. 5-9000 ft. ; Nipal, 

SiKKIM, MiSHMI. 

Copiously twining, the slender firm branches clothed with short deflexed deciduous 
hairs. Leaflets membranoiis, green, with a few short hairs above, grey, densely 
shortly downy beneath ; end one roundish, acuminate, 4-6 in. long. Racemes ^1 ft., 
short-peduncled, moderately close ; nodes never produced into branches. Pedicels 
^y in., spreading, densely fascicled. Calyx ^ in., finely grey-silky. Corolla 
reddish, ^ in. long ; standard \ in. broad, not spurred ; keel with a deep purple tip. 
Upper stamen at last nearly fre'fe. Pod quite straight, strap-shaped, 2-3 in. by \ in., 
quite glabrous, 4— 8-seeded, turgid opposite the seeds. 

4. P. Wallicllli, DC. Prodi-, ii. 240 ; shrubby, stipules basifixed, flower- 
pedicels at most equalling the calyx, calyx-teeth deltoid, corolla middle-sized, 
pod glabrous rigid-coriaceous. DC. Mem. Leg. t. 43; Wall. Cat. 5353 ; Benth. 
in Jomm. Linn. Soc. ix. 124. P. composita, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5570. 

East Himalayas, tropical region ; Nipal, Silhet, Khasia, Mishmi, ascending 
to 5000 ft. BiKMA ; Taong-dong, Wallich. 

Branches slender, terete, glabrous. Leaflets membranous or subcoriaceous, green, 
glabrescent above, grey with a few adpressed hairs beneath ; end ob« 4-6 in. long, 
obovate-cuspidate, with a deltoid base. Racemes copious, \-^ ft. long, often fascicled 
or panicled ; pedicels finely silky, densely fascicled, the nodes often lengthened out- 
into short branchlets (P. composita, Wall.). Calyx gibbous, ^ in. ; teeth obscure. 
Corolla reddish, ^-| in. long ; limb of standard twice as long as broad, not sparred at 
the base. Pod straight, 4-5 in. long, the sutures sometimes slightly repand. 

5. P, Stracheyi, Baker ; herbaceous, stipules deciduous, flower-pedicels 
nearly or quite as long as the calyx, calyx-teeth large nearly as long as the tube, 
corolla large. 

KuMAON, Kalimundi, alt. 7300 ft., Strachey and Winterbottom. 

Branches slender, with a few short deciduous hairs. Leaflets membranous, very 
thin, with a few obscure adpressed hairs on both surfaces, green above, paler below ; end 
one obovate-oblong, cuspidate, rather rounded at the base, 3-4 in. long. Flowers in a 
long lax simple subsecund raceme, with a subglabrous rachis ; pedicels ^-\ in. Calyx 
subglabrous, f in. long ; lower tooth lanceolate, ^ in. long, the others much shorter. 
Corolla reddish, |-|- in. long ; standard ^ in. broad, distinctly spurred. Pod 
unknown. 

6. P. Thomsoni, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. 122 ; shrubby, stipules 
fixed by the centre, pedicels very short, calyx-teeth 3-4 times the tube, corolla 
large, pod densely clothed with long silky bairs. Dolichos spicatus, Wall. Cat. 
5557 C. D. grandifolius, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5556. 

East Himalaya, temperate region. Assam, Jenkins, Mrs. Mack. Khasia, 5-7000 
ft., Griffith, Hook.fil. and Thomson. Silhet, Gomez. 

A climber, with slender branches, clothed with deciduous deflexed fine brownish 
hairs. Stipules persistent, |^-| in. long ; leaflets membranous, green, with a few 
obscure adpressed hairs above, grey with dense thin hairs beneath ; end one roundish, 
obtuse or cuspidate, 6-9 in. long, rarely faintly lobed. Racemes close, simple, 6-9 in. 
long. Calyx |- in. long, densely silky ; teeth lanceolate. Corolla reddish, half as 
long again as the calyx ; standard ^ in. broad, distinctly spurred. Pod 4-5 in. by 
|-^ in., flat, straight, membranous, 8-12-seeded. 

7. P. Stricta^ Km-z in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 254 ; herbaceous, 
erect, pedicels longer than the very small calyx, pod glabrous 7-9-seeded. 

Pegu and Maetaban, Kurz. 

A perennial,, 2-4 ft, high, with subterete branches, tomentose when young. Leaflets 



Ptieraria.] L. leguminos^:. (J. G. Baker.) 199 

chartaceous, thinly clothed with adpressed hairs on both sides ; end one ovate acute, 
2-3 in. long. Bacemes canescent. axillary and forming a terminal panicle ; fruit", 
pedicels ^ in. ; bracts small, subulate, persistent. Calyx 1 in., puberulous. Corolla 
unknown. Pod linear, 1-H in- by \ in., flat, pale. — I have seen no specimens. 

8. P. hirsuta, Kurz in Joum. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 254; herbaceous, 
twining, pedicels very short, calyx very small, pod clothed with few spreading 
hairs 2-4-seeded. 

Pegu, Kurz. 

Perennial, the obtuse angles of the branches beset with retrorse adpressed hairs. 
Leaflets chartaceous, furnished, especially below, with sparse adpressed hairs ; end 
one ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 2^-3^ in. long. Racemes axillary, densely pilose, 
usually 2-3-nate ; bracts caducous ; fruit-pedicels ^ in. Corolla unknown. Pod 
linear-oblong, ^-1 in. by \ in., flat, slightly torulose.— I have seen no specimens. 

9. P. brachycarpa, Kurz in Joum. Asiat. Soc. Bencj. xlii. 2, 243 ; xliii. 
2, 185 ; herbaceous, twining or ditl'use, pedicels as long as the calyx, calyx very 
small, pod with a few adpressed hairs 5-6-seeded, 

Pegu, Kurz. 

A perennial, with long branches, clothed on the acute angles with retrorse hairs. 
Stipules small, lanceolate acuminate ; leaflets chartaceous, with scattered adpressed 
hairs on both surfaces ; end one ovate or ovate-lanceolate, H-2 in. long. Racemes 1-2, 
stiff, axillary, pilose; bracts minute, subulate, persistent. Ca/yj- j^ in., pubescent. 
Corolla unknown. Pod linear-oblong, 1 in. by \ in., pale, compressed, torulose. — I 
have seen no specimens. 

Sttbgex. 3. Scbizophyllon. Leaflets usually deeply lobed, contem- 
paraneous with the flowers. Pod ^l in. broad, rather turgid, recurved at the 
tip, 10-15-seeded. 

10. P. phaseoloides, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. 125. Dolichos 
phaseoloides, Boxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 316, Neustanthus subspicatus and phaseoloides, 
Benth. PI. Jungh. 234, 235. Dolichos viridis. Ham. in Wall. Cat. 5569. D. 
spicatus, Wall. Cat. 5557 A. B. Phaseolus decurrens, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5612. 
Pueraria subspicata, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. 125. D. ficifolius, Grah. in 
Wall. Cat. 5563. 

East Himalayas, tropical region ; Assam, Sikkim, Khasia, Silhet, Chittaoono, 
BiRMA, Pegu, Tenasserim, Pexang and Malacca. — Distrib. China, Malay isles. 

Stems wide-twining, often scarcely woody, clothed with dense spreading brown 
hairs. Stipules small, lanceolate, basitixed ; leaflets mejnbrannub, green above, 
thinly clothed with adpressed bristly hairs, grey and densely matted beneath ; end one 
very variable in size and shape, roundish, broad ovate or rhomboidai, entire or 
shallowly or deeply 3-lobed, 3-6 in. long. Flowers fascicled in copious long-peduncletl 
racemes ; pedicels very short ; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate, strongly nerved, like 
those of Shuteria, the latter sulipersistent. Ca/t/x ^-| in. long, densely clothed with 
adpressed bristly hairs ; lowest tooth lanceolate, as long as tul>e, otiiers shorter, all 
sericeous at the tip. Coro//a reddish, twice the calyx; blade of standard rountlish, 
distinctly spurred. Pod glabrescent, 3-4 in. long. — N. skricans. Mi(j. Fkyr.lnd. Bat. 
i. 218, is a form with thin adpressed pubescence and large entire leaflets. 

Var. javaniciis, Benth. (sp.) ; leaflets small thick entire obtuse densely pu])escent, 
end one nearly as broad as long with a deltoid base. Pueraria javanica, Binth. in 
Journ. Linn. Soc. ix. 125. Neustanthus javanious, Benth. PL Jung. 235 ; Miq. Fl. Ind. 
Bat. i. 218, t. 4 B. Pachyrhizus mollis, Hassk. Cat. Bogor. 280. — Khasia and 
Malacca. 



200 L. LEGUMixosiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Phaseolus. 



73. FKASEOIiirS, Linn. 

Twiners, usually herbaceous, with 3-foliolate stipellate leaves. Floivers in 
copious axillary racemes ; bracteoles usually conspicuous and persistent. Calyx 
campanulate, the lowest tooth usually longer than the rest and the two upper- 
most subconnate. Corolla much exserted, the keel prolonged into a very long 
beak which forms a complete, or in § Dijsolohium, nearly complete, spiral. 
Stamens diadelphous •, anthers uniform. Ovary sessile, many-ovuled ; stj-le 
fDiform, twisted round with the keel, conspicuously bearded down the side 
below the very oblique stigma. Pod linear, rarely oblong, subterete or sub- 
compressed, more or less distinctly septate between the seeds. — Distrib. Species 
about 60, mostly tropical, many widely cultivated, especially in America. 

Stjbgen. 1. Pliaseolus proper. iS'i^e'^M/cs' small, basifixed. PofZs^-fin. 
broad, subcompressed. Keel prolonged into a complete spiral. 

1. P. lunatus, imw. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 393-, twining, racemes lax short- 
peduncled many-flowered, pedicels longer than the calyx, corolla small greenish- 
vellow, bracteoles minute, pod recurved oblong 2-4-seeded. Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 
287 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 244. P. vulgaris, Wall. Cat. 5595, non Linn. 

Everywhere cultivated, probably a native of America. — Distrib. Everywhere in 
the tropics. 

A tall biennial, with stems at first minutely downy, soon glabrescent, easily dis- 
tinguished from all the other species by the shape of the pod, which is 2-3 in. by 
|-| in., less turgid than in any of the others, with the upper suture rfecurved and the 
lower broadly rounded. Racemes reach ^ ft. long, the lower fascicle^ distant, with 
2_4-flowers to a node ; pedicels finally ^-^ in. long. Calyx i in. ; teeth all very 
short. Corolla 3-4 times the calyx. Seeds large, very variable in colour. — P. 
iNAM(ENUs, Linn., Xtjaresii, Zucc, ptjberxjlxjs, H.B.K, and tunkinensis, Lour., are 
cultivated varieties. 

2. P. vulg'aris, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 392; suberect or twining, racemes 
lax subsessile few-flowered, pedicels longer than the calyx, corolla middle-sized 
white or lilac-purple, bracteoles often exceeding the calvx, pods linear recm-ved 
4-6-seeded. Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 287; W. 4' A. Prodr. 243, non Wall. P. 
nanus, Linn. \, DC.\ Roxh. ; W. ^ A. loc. cit. P. compressus, oblongus, sapo- 
naceus, tumidus, hsematocarpus, sphsericus and gonospermus, DC. loc. cit. 

Universally cultivated, but not anywhere clearly known as a wild plant. — 
Distrib. Spread everywhere, both in tropical and temperate regions. 

A subglabrous annual. Stems low and suberect (P. nanus, Linn.) or twining to a 
height of 6-10 ft. (P. vulgaris, Linn.). Racemes much shorter than the leaves; 
pedicels finally \-^ in. long ; bracteoles ovate or roundish, persistent. Pod 4-6 in. 
bv ^in., glabrous, rostrate, turgid. — The Scarlet Runner, P. multifi-orus, Willd. ; DC. 
Prodr. ii. 392 ; W. ^' A. Prodr. 244 ; P. coccineus. Lam., diflers by its bright scarlet 
casually white flowers, arranged in long racemes which often overtop the leaves. 

3. P. adenanthus, G. F. Meyer, Prim. Fl. Esseq. 239 ; twining, racemes 
dense capitate, pedicels very short, corolla large red, pod linear recurved many- 
seeded. P. rostratus. Wall. PI. As. Rar.t.63', Wall. Cat. 5610; W. ^- A. 
Prodr. 244 ; Wiyht Ic. t. 34. P. alatus, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 54 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 
288, non Linn. P. amarus, Roxh. MSS. P. cirrhosus and tiuxillensis, H.B.K.-, 
DC. Prodr. ii. 391, 392. P. senegalensis, Guill. 8f Per. Fl. Seneg. 217. 



Phaseolus.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 201 

Spread in the plains from the Himalayas to Ceylon, not cultivated. — Dlstrib. 
Cosmopolitan in the Tropics. 

A subglabrous perennial, with firmer leaves than in the cultivated speciea. 
Stipules ^ in., often reflexed ; leaflets entire, 3-4 in. long, subacute. Flowers very 
showy, crowded in a short-peduncled raceme. Calyx \ in. ; lower teeth lanceolate- or 
deltoid-setJiceous. Standard nearly 1 in. broad. Pod 4-6 in. by ^ in., glabrous, 
much recurved, 10-15-seeded, subtorulose. 

Stjbgen. 2. XtXacroptilium. Connects § 1 and 3, apreeinp: with the 
former in its basifixed stipules and with the latter in its narrow turg-id pods. 

4. P. tenuicaulis, Baker •, a subglabrous slender twiner, stipules minute 
lanceolate, racemes few-flowered crowded subsessile, bracteoles lanceolate very 
minute, calyx campanulate with deltoid teeth, corolla small. P. sublobatus 
var. ? tenuicaulis, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5598. • 

BiRMA ; Prome hills, Wallich. 

Stems very slender, annual ? at first minutely puberulent. Stipules not more than 
^ in. ; leaflets membranous, glabrous, the end one ovate, acute, entire, 2-3 in. long. 
Bacemes 5-6-flowered ; lower pedicels shorter than the calyx. Calyx glabrous, ^ in. 
Corolla 3 times the calyx, reddish. Pod unknown, so that its position is doubtful. 

5. P. G-rabaxnianus, W. ^- A. Prodr. 244 ; a glabrous perennial twiner, 
stipules minute lanceolate, racemes lax shortr-peduncled, bracteoles lanceolate very 
minute, calyx campanulate vnth deltoid teeth, corolla middle-sized. Thwaites 
Enum. 90. 

Carnatic ; Courtallum, Wight. Ceylon ; on the shore at Batticaloa, Thwaites. 

Copiously twining, with slender woody branches. Stipules as in the last ; leaflets 
quite glabrous on both sides, the end one ovate acute, 2-3 in. long, rather deltoid at 
the base. Bacemes 2-4 in. long ; peduncles about as long as the leaves ; pedicels 
geminate, the lower finally as long as the calyx. Cali/x ^ in. long. Corolla reddish, 
3-4 times the calyx. Pod linear, glabrous, rather recurved, many-seeded, 2^-3 in. by 
6 ^^^ 

6. P. sexnierectus, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 390 ; shrubby, suberect, with 
flexuose branches clothed with long deciduous deflexed hairs, stipules con- 
spicuous lanceolate-setaceous, peduncles and racemes very long, bracteoles seta- 
ceous, calyx tubuloso-campanulate with aristate teeth, corolla middle-sized. 
Jacq. Ic. t. 558 ; Bot. Reg. t. 743. P. psoraleoides, W. ^ A. Prodr. 244 ; 
Wight Ic. t. 249. 

Spread through the Western Penlnsitla and Ceylon, but probably not wild. — 
DiSTRiB. Trop. Americ?, Malaya. 

Sttms tall, suberect and shrubby in the lower part, q\iite terete. Stipules \-^ in. 
long; leaflets entire, membranous, soon glabrescent, thicker than in most of the 
species, the end one ovate, entire, acute or subobtuse. 2-3 in. long, xisually deltoid at 
the base. Peduncles reaching a foot and racemes half a foot long ; pedicels very sliort. 
geminate. Calyx under \ in. long, .split open by the pod. Corolla deip purple and 
white, 3-4 times the calyx. Pod 3-4 in. by ^ in., glabrous, rather rt-curved, many- 
seeded. 

Stjbgen. 3. Strophostyles. Stipules inserted above the ba,<?e. Podji 
under ^ in. thick, subterete. Keel prolonged into a complete spiral, i^lowerf 
yellow. Bacemes very close. 

7. P- trilobus, Ait. Hart. Kew, iii. 30 ; stems slender diffuse glabrous 
or slightly hairy, stipules oblong, leaflets more or less deeply 3-lobed with the 
central division spathiUate, racemes capitate, bracteoles ovate, flowers minute. 
B(xvh. Fl. Ind. iii. 298 ; Wall. Cat. 5588 A-K. ; W. ^ A. Pi'odr. 240 ; Wight 



202 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Phaseoltu. 

Ic. t. 94 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Botnb. Fl. 71. Dolichos trilobatus, Linn. ; Burin. Fl. 
Ind. t. 60, fig. 1. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 399. 

Himalayas to Ceylon and Birma, wild and commonly cultivated, ascending to 
7000 ft. in the north-west. — Distrib. Afghanistan, Malay isles, Nubia, Abyssinia. 

Perennial or annual. Stems trailing to a length of 1-2 feet, glabrous or furnished 
with a few deciduous spreading hairs. Stipules ^-f in., attached near the base ; 
leaflets membranous, glabrous, or with only a few obscure loose or short hairs, rhom- 
boid or ovate, 1-2 in. long, very rarely entire (var. oxalideus, Grah., P. corntjttjs, 
Blume), usually shallowly loi)ed in the annual cultivated, deeply lobed in the perennial 
wild form, the central divisions broad, spoon -shaped, obtuse. Flowers in a close, 
deltoid head, on a peduncle that usually overtops the leaves ; pedicels very short. 
Ca7ya- campanulate, i^^ in., pale yellow ; teeth deltoid. Corolla underpin, long. 
Pod 1-2 in. by ^ in., subcylindrical, glabrous, recurved, 6-12-seeded. 

8. P. aconitifolius, Jacq. Obs. iii. t. 52 ; stems slender siiberect or diffuse 
slightly hairy, stipules lanceolate, leaflets deeply 3-lobed with the central 
division ligulate, racemes capitate, bracteoles linear, flowers minute. Roxb. 
Fl. Ind. iii. 299 ; W. ^- A. Prodr. 247 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 394. P. trilobus, Wall 
Cat. 6588 L-N. Dolichos dissectiis. Lam. Diet. ii. 300. 

Himalayas to Ceylon, tropical region, up to 4000 ft. in the north-west. 

Closely allied to the last, with which it agrees in flowers and general habit. Stems 
more copiously clothed with loose deflexed fine brownish hairs. Stipules much 
smaller and narrower. Peduncles hairy, like the stems ; bracteoles twice as long as 
the calyx, their setaceous ciliated tips protruding beyond the buds. Pods rather 
stouter than in P. trilobus and seeds larger. 

9. P. ^randis, Dalz. Sf Gibs. Bomb. FL 72, non Wall. Cat. 5602; 
stems stout suberect, stipules very large obovate, leaflets obovate entire or dis- 
tinctly lobed, racemes close, bracteoles enclosing the calyx and corolla, corolla 
middle-sized. 

CoNCAN, on the highest ghauts east of Bombay, Stocks, Balzell. 

Stems as robust as in the Common Bean, 2-4 ft. high, clothed with adpressed 
deciduous blackish bristles. Stipules persistent, ciliated, obovat.e-spathulate, 1-2 in. 
long, attached a little above the cordate base ; leaflets rather fleshy, 3-4 in. long, 
clothed with short deciduous firm grey bristles, deltoid or rather rounded at the base, 
lobed only in the upper half. Racemes copious, on short or long suberect densely 
bristly peduncles ; bracteoles nerved, obovate-oblong, ^-^ in. long. Cali/x ^ in. ; 
teeth lanceolate. Pod 2-3 in. long, at first densely bristly, 

10. P. pauciflorus, Dalz. in Kew Journ. iii. 209 ; stems very slender 
twining subglabrous, stipules minute lanceolate, leaflets membranous entire or 
faintly lobed, racemes capitate, bracteoles linear, flowers minute, pod glabrous, 
Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 72. 

Southern Concan, common, Valzell, Stocks. 

Stems very slender, climbing, quite glabrous when mature. Stiptdes ^ in. ; 
leaflets ovate, acute, 1.^-2 in. long, green above, paler beneath. Flowers 2-4, at the 
end of a slender peduncle about as long as the leaves ; bracteoles twice as long as the 
calyx ; pedicels shorter than the calyx. Calyx not more than ^ in. ; teeth shorter 
than the tube, lowest lanceolate. Corolla \ in., pale yellow. Pod 1|— 2 in. by ^ in., 
subcylindrical, slightly -recurved, 6-10-seeded. 

P. STJBLOBAT-us, Wall. Cat. 6698 C, from the estuary of the Irrawaddi, is closely 
allied to this, but at present is known only in the flowering state. It has firmer 
leaves, thinly clothed with adpressed grey bristles, 6-12-fiowered short-peduncled 
racemes not closely capitate, and lanceolate bracteoles not longer than the calyx. 



Phaseolus.] L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 203 

11. P. lHung"©, Xmw. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 395 ; stems suberect or flexuose 
more or less densely clothed with loose defiexed hairs, stipules ovate, leaflets 
membranous entire, rarely faintly lobed, "racemes capitate, bracteolea ovate or 
lanceolate, flowers middle-sized, pod clothed with long spreading deciduous 
silky hairs. Boib. Fl. Ind. iii. 292 {seeds green) ; W<dl. Od. 5589 (in qreater 
part) ; W. 8c A. Prodr. 245. P. Max, Roxh. llort. Bmrj. 55 ; Fl. LuL lii. 295 
{seeds black) ; Wall. Cat. 5606. P. aiu-eus, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 5590 {seeds 
yelloiv). P. hirtus, Retz. Ohs. iii. 38, non Wall. 

Wild and universally cultivated in the plains throughout our limits in a large 
number of forms, ascending to 6000 ft. in the N.W. Himalayas. — Distrib. Spread 
through tropics of Old World. 

Stems annual, suberect in the typical form, 1-2 ft. high, copiously branched from 
the base, clothed with fine long deciduous brownish silky hairs. Stipuhs \-\ in. 
long, attached near the base ; leaflets membranous, with scattered adpressed hairs on 
both sides, 2-4 in. long, roundish, acute or subobtuse, deltoid or rather rounded at 
the base. Flowers about half a dozen at the very end of short peduncles, clothed like 
the stems ; pedicels very short. Calyx ^-^ in. ; lower tooth deltoid or lanceolate. 
Corolla |-^ in., yellow. Pod l|^-2^ in. long by ^~ in., subcyliudrical, slightly 
recurved, l6-15-seeded. 

Var. 1. glaber, Eoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 291 (sp.), non Schlecht. ; habit of the type, 
but stem leaves and pod quite glabrous. Wall. Cat. 5604. P. Mungo, F., Wall. Cat. 
6589, ex 'parte. P. glabrescens, Sttud. Nomenc. edit. 2, ii. 317. A cultivated form. 

Var. 2. Wightianus, Grab, in Wall. Cat. 5591 (sp.) ; stems elongated slender 
flexuose finely hairy, the hairs short and grey, leaflets thinner. P. W^ightii, W. ^- A. 
Prodr. 245. P. subvolubilis. Ham. in Wall. Cat. 5605. 

Var. 3. radiatus, Linn, (sp.) ; stems elongated twining densely clothed, as are the 
peduncles and pod with long ferruginous deflexed silky hairs, leaflets firmer than in 
the last, similar to those of the type. Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 296 ; Wall. Cat. 5592 ; DC. 
Prodr. ii. 395. P. Roxburghii, W. ^ A. Prodr. 246. P. Mungo. Wall. Cat. 5589, ex 
parte. P. setulosus, Dalz. in Kew Journ. ii. 33 ; Dalz. cf Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 72. Vigna 
opisotricha, A. Rich. Fl. Abgss. i. 220. 

12. P. trinervius, Heijne in Wall. Cat. 5603 ; stems twining densely 
clothed with deflexed ferruginous hairs, stipules middle-sized oblong, leaflets entire 
or faintly lobed persistently pilose on both surfaces, racemes close, bracteoles 
oblong-lanceolate, pod at flrst densely silky. W. i^ A. Prodr. 245 ; Dalz. 8f 
Gibs. Romb. Fl. 71. P. farinosus, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 395 ? 

Plains of Western Peninsula and Ceylon, ascending to 4000 ft.— Distrib. 
Malaya. 

Perennial. Stems copiously twining, never suberect. Stipules like those of P. 
Mungo, but apparently attached higher up. Leaflets thicker in texture, ofteu dis- 
tinctly lobed, ovate, acute, 2-4 in. long, dark green, scabrous, with adprossed grey 
bristly hairs above, still more hairy beneath. Flowers 6-12, on long downy peiluncles, 
the raceme finally 1-2 in. long; pedicels very short. Calgx ^ in.; tct-th deltoid. 
Coro/Za 3-4 times the calyx, yellow or reddish. Pod 2-2^^ in. long, 10-12-seeded, 
slightly recurved. — Closely allied to P. Mungo, var. radiatus, and probably a fourth 
variety of that species. 

13. P. calcaratus, Ravb. Hort. Bey\g. 54; Fl. Lid. iii. 289; stems 
suberect or flexuose clothed with flue deciduous deflexed hairs, stipules lanceo- 
late, leaflets entire or faintly lobed, racemes not capitate, bracteoles linear, 
flowers middle-sized, pod glabrous. Wall. Cat. 5611; W. cV A. Prodr. 245. 
P. sublobatus, Wall. Cat. 5598 A, B. P. hirtiu^, Wall. Cat. 5593. P. >Iunt:o, 
Wall. Cat. 5589 0, ex parte. P. pubescens, Plume; Miq. Flor. Lid. Bat. i. 200. 

Himalayas to Ceylon, in the tropical zone, both wild and commonly cultivated, 
ascending to 6000 ft. in Khasia. — Distrib. Malaya. 



204 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) l_P1iaseolu8. 

Closely allied to P. Mungo, and equally variable in general habit. Hairs of the 
stem short, but spreading, not ferruginoiis. Stipules much smaller and narrower; 
leaflets membranous, subglal^rous, 2-4 in. long, the end ona broad-ovate, acute. 
Flowers 10-20, the lower peiUcels as long as the calyx, and the raceme finally 2-3 in. 
long. Calyx ^ in. ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla ^ in., yellow. Pod 2^-3 in. by 
^-l ill., not so cylindrical as in P. Mungo, 8-12-SPed"ed, glabrous from the beginning, 
considenibly recurved. — P. torosus, Ro;;ch. Ft. Ind. iii. 298, is probably a cultivated 
form, with short suberect stems and subsessile congested racemes. 

Sfbgex, 4. 2>ysolobiuin. Stipules small, basifixed, caducous. Pod 
linear, subterete, densely velvety or bristly. Wings distinctly shorter than 
the other petals. Keel prolonged into a long incurved beak but not forming 
a complete spiral. — Connects Fhaseolus and Plgiirr 

14. P. fuscus, Wall. PL As. Par. 6, t. 6; Cat. 5613; stems slender 
annual, leaflets ovate acute twice as long as broad softly downy, racemes short- 
pedmicled few-flowered lax, corolla middle-sized. Dunbaria fusca, Kurz in 
Journ. As. >Soc. Peng, xliii. 2, 180. 

BiRMA ; Prome hills, Wallich. 

Stems firm, wide-twining, with many grooves. Leaflets membranous, dull green, 
thinly pubescent above, grey-green, more densely downy beneath, always entire, rounded 
at the base, narrowed gradually to a point, the end one 3-4 in. long. Peduncles \-\^ 
in. long. Racemes 2-3 in. long, copious, much shorter than the leaves : pedicels 
geminate, spreiiding, jV-6 ^^- Calyx under ^ in., subglabrous, very gibbous, with a 
few long deciduous bristles ; teeth ciliated, the lowest lanceolate, shorter than the 
tube. Corolla ^ in. ; standard | in. broad, yellowish with red-brown lines externally ; 
keel and wings yellow. Pod line^ir, 2-3 in. by \-^ in., brown, clothed with spreading 
brownish hairs, many-seeded. 

15. P. velutinus, Gi'ah. in Wall. Cat. 5615; stems woody, leaflets 
roundish cuspidate glabrescent above, racemes long-peduncled many-flowered, 
corolla large. P. grandis, Wall. Cat. 5602, non jDalzell. Canavalia grandis, 
Kurz in Journ. As. Soc. Peng, xliii. 2, 185. 

East llrarAi-AYAs, tropical zone ; Nipal, Assam, Chittagong. Ava, Mottlmein, 
Pegtj. 

A woody climber, with very large leaves and flowers, by far the most showj' of all 
the species. Stems terete, minutely pubescent. Leaflets thin, but flexible, full green, 
subscabrous at first above, paler green beneath, with copious obscure bristly hairs, 
broadly roimded at the base, 6-9 in. long. Racemes and woody terete peduncles 
reaching each 6-9 in. long ; pedicels ^\ in. ; bracteoles roundish, minute, adpressed 
to the calyx. Calyx ^ in., finely silky ; lowest tooth lanceolate, shorter than of the 
tube, the others much shorter still. Corolla reddish, more than twice as long as the 
calyx; standard 1 in. broad. Pod. almost woody, subcylindrical, straight, ^-| ft. by 



74. VZ&NA, Savi, 

Twining herbs or shrubs, with exactly the habit of Phaseolus, from which 
they difler by having the style and keel much less ciu-ved and lengthened oat. 
Calyx campanulate ; t^eth long or short, the upper often connate. Corolla much 
exserted ; keel truncate or in § Plectroiropis prolonged into an ascending or 
slightly reciu-ved beak. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers unifonn. Ovary sessile, 
many-ovuled ; style long, filiform, bearded along the inner face below the oblique 
stigma. Pod linear, subterete, subseptate. — Distkib. Species 40-50, mostly 
tropical, one widely cultivated. 



Vigna.] l. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 205 

VoANDEZiA STJBTEHRANEA, Tkouars ] DC. Prodr. ii. 474, which is allied to Vigna, 
but may be easily known by its 1-2 ovulate ovary, which, l)y the torsion of the pe- 
duncle is thrust below the soil to ripen, and becomes a tuber-like pod, is occasionally 
cultivated, but less frequently than in Tropia'il Africa. Its native country is not 
clearly known. 

SuBGEN. 1. Vig'zia proper. Keel not prolonged into a beak. 

1. V. repens, ^aA;er ; stems trailing' very slender, stipules minute lan- 
ceolate basifixed, leaflets membranous entire acute, flowers 1-2 together on very 
short geminate peduncles. Phaseolus repens, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5608. 

BiRMA, near Prome, Wallich. 

Stevis herbaceous, wide-creeping, glabrous. Leaflets firm, glabrous; the end one 
ovate, acute, 2-3 in. long. Pedicels very short, pubescent. Calyx \ in., slightly 
downy ; teeth lanceolate-deltoid, shorter than the tube. Corolla reddish, 3 times the 
length of the calyx. Pod unknown. 

2. V. lutea, A. Gray in Bot. Wilkes Exped. i. 452 ; stems perennial 
trailing, stipules minute lanceolate basifixed, leaflets obovate obtuse rather flashy 
entire, racemes many-flowered long-peduncled, pods short few-seeded. Dolichos 
luteus, Sw. ] DC. Prodr. ii. 398. Vigna anomala, Walp. Rep. i. 770. V. retusa, 
Walp. Rep. i. 778. Phaseolus obovatus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5609. 

Martaban ; Amherst, Wallich. Andamans, Kurz. Malacca, Griffith. — Dis- 
TRiB. Trop. America, Africa, Polynesia, Cape, N. Australia. 

Stems wide-trailing, perennial, much stouter than in the last. Leaflets glabrous, 
with a subdeltoid base, the end one 2-3 in. long. Peduncles equalling or exceeding 
the leaves. Flowers 6-20, in a close raceme. Calyx campanulate, subglabrous, ^ in. ; 
teeth deltoid. Corolla yellow, 3-4 times the calyx. Pod 2-3 in. by | in., quite glab- 
rous from an early stage, subtorulose, 4:-6 -seeded. 

3. V. luteola, Benth. in Mart. Fl. Bras. xv. 194, t. 50, fig. 2 ; stems 
slender herbaceous wide- twining subglabrous, stipules minute lanceolate basi- 
fixed, leaflets ovate acute membranous entire, racemes many-flowered long-pe- 
duncled, corolla middle-sized, pod short few-seeded. Dolichos luteolus, Jacq. 
Sort. Vind. i. 39, t. 90. D. gangeticus, Roxh. FL Ind. iii. 310 ; Wall. Cat. 
5646. Vigna glabra and villosa, Savi; DC. Prodr. ii. 401. 

Bengal ; Sunderbunds, Roxburgh, G. Thomson. Ceylon, Thwaites. Pegu, 
Kurz. — DisTRiB. Cosmopolitan in tropics. Cape. 

A trailing or twining perennial. Leaflets glabrous, or with a few spreading grey 
silky hairs, narrowed gradually to a point, always entire, the end one 2-3 in. long. 
Flowers 12-20, on peduncles equalling or exceeding the leaves ; pedicels slightly 
downy, finally as long as the calyx ; bracts and bracteoles very minute. Calyx ^-^ in., 
subglabrous ; lower tooth lanceolate, as long as the tube, the others de' ^id. Corolla 
3-4 timt-s the calyx. Poc? glabrescent, recurved, 2-4 in. by ^ in., 6-I2-seeded. 

4. V. Catiang', Endl.\ Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 188; annual, suberect or 
twining, stipules large attached above the base, leaflets membranou.s ovate- 
rhomboidal entire or slightly lobed, racemes few-flowered loug-pednuolcd, pod 
very long many-seeded, Dolichos Catiang, Linn ; DC. IVodr. ii. 399 ; Ro.ib. 
Fl. Ind. iii. 303 ; Wall. Cat. 5549. D. sinensis, Liiin. ; DC. loc. cit. ; Ro.rh. 
Fl. Ind. iii. 302 ; Wall. Cat. 5550 ; Bot. Mag. t. 2232 ; W. ^ A. Podr. 250. 
Vigna sinensis, Endl. ; Hassk. PI. Jav. Rar. 386. Dolichos tranquebaricus, 
Jacq. Hort. Vind. iii. t. 70. D. monachalis, By-ot. ; DC. P-odr. loc. cit. 

Native and universally cultivated in tne tropical zone. — Distbib. Tropics of old 
world. 



206 i^. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Vigna. 

Low and suberect (V.Catiang) or tall and voluble (F. sinensis), always glabrous or 
nearly so. Stipules ^^ in. long, attached and persistent as in Phaseolus § Stropho- 
stylis ; leaflets membranous, 3-6 in. long, acute, very variable in shape, broad or nar- 
row ovate, or ovate-rhomboidal, with the two sides below the middle prolonged into 
obtuse lobes. Peduncles often exceeding the leaves, 3-6-flowered ; pedicels very short. 
Calyx glabrous, under ^ in ; teeth lanceolate or deltoid- cuspidate. Corolla yellow or 
reddish, twice the calyx. Pod in some of the cultivated forms 1 or even 2 feet long, 
under ^ in. broad, edible ; seeds 10 to 20. 

SuBGEN. 2. Plectrotropis. Keel prolonged into a distinct beak, so that 
this group connects Vigna proper with Phaseolus. 

5. V. vexillata, Benth. in Mart. Fl. Bras. xv. 194, t. 50, fig. 1 ; stems 
herbaceous with a few deflexed brown hairs, leaflets membranous ovate or lan- 
ceolate acute, flowers 2-4 at the end of long peduncles, corolla large, pod 
slender glabrescent. Pbaseolus vexillatus, Linn. Sp. P/. 1017. P. sepiarius, Dalz. 
in Keiu Journ. ii. 33 ; Bomb. Flora, 72. P. pulniensis, Wight Ic. t. 202. P. 
angustifolius, Wall. Cat. 6596. P. fusiformis, Grah. in 'Wall. Cat. 5607. 
Yigna carinalis, Benth. Bot. Sulph. S6.—Dill. Hort. Flth. ii. t. 302. 

Himalayas, from Simla, to Kumaon and Khasia, ascending to 8000 ft.. Hills of 
West Pkninstjla and Ceylon. — Distrib. Cosmopolitan in tropics. Cape, Australia. 

Boot fusiform, perennial. Stems wide-twining, glabrescent when mature. S(i- 
pules ^—^ in., lanceolate, basifixed ; leaflets with few or copious adpressed brownish 
or grey hairs, varying in shape from broad ovate to lanceolate, 2-6 in. long, always 
acute, the base rounded. Peduncles \-\ ft. ; bracteoles setaceous. Calyx f-| in., 
silky ; teeth linear-lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla reddish-purple. 1 in. or 
more long ; standard 1-1;^ in. broad. Pod 3-4 in. by \ in., thinly silky at first, 
10-15-seeded. 

Var. StocJcsii, Benth. ; leaflets small ovate, brown hairs of the leaves and stem 
more abundant and persistent. Concan, Stocks, 

6. V. brachycarpa, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xliii. 2, 185; stems 
herbaceous slightly hairy, leaflets chartaceous linear or lanceolate-deltoid acu- 
minate, flowers few crowded at the end of long peduncles, corolla small', pod 
linear-oblong with a few long hairs. 

Arracan, Kurz. 

A perennial climber, with filiform stems. Stipules ^\ in., linear-oblong, peltate ; 
petiole 1-1^ in., pilose ; leaflets 1-2 in., thinly hairy on both sides. Peduncles equal- 
ling or exceeding petioles ; pedicels very short. Calyx glabrous, ^ in. ; teeth broad, 
short, acute. CoroZ/a yellow, | in. Pod 1 in. byf in., stiff, compressed, black, many- 
seeded. I have seen no specimens. 

7. V. Wig"htii, Benth. MSS. : stems woody finely grey-downy, leaflets 
subcoriaceous small ovate subobtuse, flowers 2-3 on the end of long peduncles, 
corolla large. Bedd. Ic. PL Ind. Or. t. 296. 

Carnatic ; Courtallum, Wight, Thomson, 

A slender twiner, with slender sulcate glabrescent stems. Stipules minute, lan- 
ceolate, basifixed, caducous ; leaflets glabrescent above, thinly. silky below, 2-3 in. 
]( ng. Peduncles reach 6-9 in ; pedicels very short ; bracteoles minute, setaceous. 
Caly.. } in., finely downy ; lower teeth linear, nearly as long as the tube. Corolla 
reddish, 1^ in. long; standard roundish, emarginate, 1|^ in. broad. Po^^-not known. 

8. V. doliclioides, Baker ; stems woody with short adpressed grey 
hairs, leaflets subcoriaceous roundish cu=;pidatp with copious adpressed bristly 
hairs, racemes many-flowered short>-peduncled, corolla middle-sized, pod stout 
ebort clothed with dense firm spreading grey silky hairs. Phaseolus dolicho- 



Vigna.l L. leguminosze. (J. G. Baker.) 207 

ides, Eoxb. Hort. Beng. 54 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 290 ; Wall Cat. 5600. I\rucuna 
recta, Wall. Cat. 5625. Dolichos dasycarpus, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 186. 
Oanavalia dolichoides, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xliv. 2, 185. 

East Himalayas, tropical zone ; Selhet, Khasia and Assam. — Distrib. Java. 

Stems -vdde-twining, clothed densely with persistent rather bristly pale brown 
hairs. Stipides lanceolate, minute ; leaflets always entire, as broad as long, flexible, 
4-6 in. long, densely clothed, especially below, with short bristly hairs. Racemes 
2-3 in., conical iu bud, sometimes nearly sessile ; pedicels shorter than the calyx ; 
bracteoles minute, lanceolate. Calyx ^ in., clothed with adpressed hairs ; teeth del- 
toid, lowest lanceolate. Corolla reddish, 3-4 times the calyx. Pod 2-3 in. by ^ in., 
firm, cylindrical, 5-6-seeded, the very dense spreading velvety hairs persistent. 

9. V. pllosa, Baker; stems slender woody finely grey-downy, leaflets 
membranous ovate acute with a few short adpres.sed hairs, racemes many- 
flowered short-ped uncled, corolla middle-sized, pod slender clothed with dense 
silky hairs. Dolichos yAosms, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 55; Fl. Ind. iii. 312 ; DC. 
Frodr. ii. 397 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 249. Phaseolus diffbrmis. Wall. Cat. 5599. 

East Himalayas, tropical zone ; Assam, Nipal, Sikkim, Prome, Western 
Peninsula and Orissa. 

.BrawcA(?5 very slender, but firm, glabrescent. Stipules m\n\xte, lanceolate, cadu- 
cous; leaflets usually twice as long as broad, narrowed gradually to a point, 4-6 in. 
long, thin, but firm, both sides subscabrous. BaceTnes 2-3 in. long, much shorter 
than the leaves ; pedicels finally^ in. ; bracts and bracteoles minute. Calyx \~^ in., 
thinly silky, oblique ; lower tooth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla reddish, 
twice the calyx. Fad 4-5 in. by under ^ in., beaked, rather recurved, 8-12-seeded, 
the short fine brown hairs spreading and persistent. 

10. V. lucens, Baker ; stems woody glabrous, leaflets entire membranous 
ovate acute glabrous, racemes sublax many-flowered about as long as the leaves, 
corolla middle-sized, pod slender densely velvety. Phaseolus lucens. Wall. Cat. • 
5601. Canavalia lucens, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xliii. 2, 185. 

Tavoy, Gomez. 

A wide-climbing perennial, with only the youngest branches clothed with a few 
adpressed grey hairs. Leaflets green on both sides, rounded at the base, narrowed 
gradually to a point, 4-6 in. long; stipules minute, lanceolate, caducous. Racemes ^n^ 
peduncles each 2-3 in. long; pedicels very short; bracteoles minute, ovate. Calyx 
\ in. long, nearly glabrous ; lower tooth lanceolate, shorter than the tube. Corolla' 
reddish, 3 times the calyx. Pod beaked, many-seeded. 

75. PACKVRKZZUS, Rich. 

Wide-climbing herbs. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate with stipellate lobed 
leaflets. Racemes long, with tumid nodes and fascicled pedicels ; bracts and 
bracteoles setaceous, caducous. Calyx 2-lipped, the limb as long as the tube, 
the upper lip emarginate, the lower deeply 3-tootlied. Corolla much exserted, 
the" petals subequal ; keel obtuse. Staynens diadelphous; anthers uniform. 
()vary subsessile, many-ovuled ; style long, circinate at the apex, bearded down 
the inner side below the very oblique stigma. Pod large, linear, turgid, deeply 
depressed between the seeds. — Distrib. Species 2 or 3, the others ^lexican 
and Angolan. 

1. P. an^ulatus, i^Je/i. ; DC. Prodr. ii.402; Wall. fa/. 5526 ; W. ^^ 
A. Prodr. 251. Dolichos bulbosus, Linn. ; Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 309. P. trilobus, 
DC. loc. cit. 



208 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) • [TachyrMzus. 

Cultivated throughout our limits, but not known in a ■wild state. — Distrib. 
Everywhere in the tropics. 

Boot a large tuber, like a turnip, which is eaten both raw and boiled. Stems wide- 
twining, sufFruticose, clothed with short daciduous pubescence. Leaflets large, mem- 
branous, glabrous, as broad as long, deeply or shallowly lobed in the upper half, the 
base deltoid. Racemes lax, ^-1 ft., the lower nodes often prolonged into short 
branches ; bracteoles setaceous. Cal^/x ^ in., as long as the pedicel. Corolla reddish, 
1 in, or more long. Pod 6-9 in. long, 8-1 2-seeded, straight, glabrescent. 



76. CZiZTOnXA, Lmn. 

Scandent or suberect undershrubs, with the most showy flowers of all the 
Phaseolecs, 3-7-foliolate leaves, stipellate leaflets and persistent membranous small 
stipules and bracts and large bracteoles. Calyx membranous, tubular ; teeth 
deltoid or lanceolate. Corolla much exserted ; standard spoon-shaped, very 
large ; wings and incurved keel much shorter. Stamens monadelphous or 
diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary stalked, many-ovuled ; style incurved, 
flattened, bearded along the inner side. Pod lin'ear, flattish or turgid. — Distrib. 
Species 27, in tropics of old and new world, mostly the latter. 

SuBGEN. 1. Tematea. Pod flattish, the valves not keeled on the face. 

1. C Tematea, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 233 ; stems terete scandent, pe- 
tioles short, leaflets 5-7, flowers solitarv, bracteoles large. Wall. Cat. 5344 ; 
Bot. Mag. t. 1542 ; Poxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 321 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 205 ; Dalz. 8> 
Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 68. 

Tropical zone from the Himalayas to Ceylox, Bir^ia, and Malacca. — Distuib. Cos- 
mopolitan in the tropics, common in cultivation. 

A climber, with slender downy stems. Stipules minute, linear ; petiole |-1 in. ; leaf- 
lets ovate or oblong, obtuse, subcoriaceous, 1-2 in. long. Bracteoles roundish, obtuse, 
5— 1^ in. long. Calyx ^| in. ; teeth lanceolate, half as long as the tube. Corolla 
l|-2 in. ; standard 1 in. broad, bright blue, with an orange centre. Fod 2-4 in. long, 
6-10-seeded. 

Var, 1. pilosula, Wall. Cat. 5347 (sp.) ; leaflets and flowers much smaller, the 
former ^-^ in. long, standard white an inch long. — Guzerat, Stocks. 

2. C biflora, Dalz. in Keio Journ. ii. 35 ; stems suberect angular, petioles 
very short, leaflets 5, flowers geminate, bracteoles lai^e. Dalz. Sf Gibs. Bomb. 
JPI. 68. 

In the CoNCAN, common ; Dalzell, Stocks, Law. 

Scarcely shrubby, the young branches densely pubescent. Stipules minute, lan- 
ceolate ; petiole \-^ in. ; leaflets membranous, 2-3 in. long, ovate or oblong, iisually 
acute. Flowers copious, scarcely peduncled ; bracteoles ^-^ in., ovate or lanceolate 
aristate. Calyx |-| in. ; teeth shorter than the tube, lanceolate, aristate. Corolla 
like that of the last, but much smaller. Pod 1-2 in. long, firm, 5-6-seeded. 

3. C. mariana, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 234 ; a climber, petioles long, leaf- 
lets 3, bracteoles small, flowers 2 peduncled, calyx glabrous, teeth much shorter 
than the tube. C. mexicana. Link. Enum. Hort. Berol. ii. 235. C. acuminata, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5346. 0. Grahami, Steud. ; Benth. PI. Jungh. 232. 

Khasla., temperate region, alt. 5-6000 ft.. Hook. fil. ^ Thomson, Lobh. Tavoy, 
Wallich. Distrib. Mexico, United States. 

Stetns slender, terete, glabrous. Stipules lanceolate, ^—^ in. ; petiole 1^2 in. ; 
leaflets membranous, glabrous, ovate, pale beneath, 2-4 in. long, acute or subobtuse. 
Peduncles ^-2 in., with a pair of minute lanceolate bracts at the apex ; bracteoles Ian- 



Clitoria.] L. LEGUMINOS/E. (J. G. Baker.) 209 

ceolate, ^-^ in. Cal2/x |-| in. Standard palo blue, 2 in. by 1 ', in. Pod more turpi i 
than in the two preceding, 

4. C. macropbylla, irall. Cat. 5345; a climLor, pctiob-s lonjr, leaflets 
3, bracteoles small, flowers 3-0 fascicled in the axils ol" tlie leaves, calyx downy, 
teeth as long as the ,tube. Benth. PL Jmu/h. 232. 

Martaban, Parish. Tenasskuim, Heifer. Bikma, Wallich. 

Similar to the last in general habit, bracteoles and corolla. Petiole 2-3 in. ; leaf- 
lets subcoriaceous, glabrous, oblong or obovate-oblong, 3-5 in. long, grey beneath. 
Calyx I in. long, veined like the stipules bracts and bracteoles ; teeth lanceolate, acu- 
minate. Pod 2 in. long, flattish, 6-8-seeded. 

SuBGEN. 2. Neurocarpum. Pod turgid, with a rib along tii.^ face of 
the valves. 

5. C. cajanaefolia, Benth. in Mart. Fl. Bras. xv. 121. N«urocarjmin 
cajanaefolium, Presl, Symb. 17, t. 9. N. retusum, Ilassh. PL Jav. liar. ''>70. 

Malacca and Singapore, G: Thomson, Griffith, &c. — Distiub. Java, Tmp. 
America. 

A suberect xindershrub, with terete pilose branches. Leaflets 3, obovate or oblau- 
ceolate, subcoriaceous, 2-5 in. long, obtuse, grey-canescent beneath ; petiole .scarcely 
any. Flowers usually 2, distinctly peduucled ; bracteoles small, ovate or lanceolate. 
Calyx ^ in. ; teeth much shorter than the tube. Corolla pale violet, twice the calyx 
or more ; standard H in. broad. 



77. OOX.XCKOS, Linn. 

Twining herhs, with stipellate 3-foliolate leaves and minute subpersistent 
bracts bracteoles and stipules. Flotvers racemose or axillary. Calyx-tube 
campanulate ■, teeth long or short. Corolla much exsertcd •, its petals iLsually 
equal in length ; keel obtuse or rostrate, not spiral. Stamens diad(ilphoiis ; an- 
thers uniform. Ovary nearly sessile, mauy-ovuled ; style flliform or thickened 
upwards, bearded down the inner face or round the terminal stigma. Pod flat, 
linear or oblong, recurved. — Distkib. Species about 20, wide-spread in tropics 
of both hemispheres. 

Stjbgen. 1. jLablab, Savi.^ Style thickened upwards, narrowed to the 
base, bearded down the inner edge. 

1. D. Xiablab, Linn. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 305 ; pod recur ved-oblong 
2-4-seeded, flowers middle-sized, pedicels short, keel narrow rostrate. Bot. 
May. t. 896. Lablab vulgaris, Savi; DC. Prodr. ii. 401 ; WaU. Cat. 553G; 1\'. 
8f A. Prodr. 250. Dolichos lignosus, Linn. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 307 ; Bot. May. 
t. 380. Lablab lignosus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5537. L. cultratus, I)C. Prodr. 
ii. 402 ; IV. Sf A. Prodr. 251. L. microcarpus, perennans, leiicocarpus. and 
nankinensis, DC. loc. cit. D. beughalensis, Jacq. Ilort. Vind. t. 124. P. 
purpureus, Linn.-, Bot. Reg. t. 830. D. festivus. Wall. Cat. 5551. D. cuspi- 
datus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. '5566. D. Curtisii, G. Don Gard. Diet. ii. 357. 

Wild and universally cultivated throughout India, ascending in the Himalayas 
to 6-7000 ft.— DiSTRiB, Tropics of the Old World. 

Subglabrous, wide-twining, perennial, or under cultivation annual. Stipules lanceo- 
late, basifixed ; leaflets as broad as long, always entire, acute, 2 in. long, brd.ul 
ovate, membranous, rarely downy beneath. Racemes and peduncles e;ioh reaohii.g 
^-^ ft. long; pedicels densely fascicled*^ or finally ^[^ in. ; liracteolos oblong. K(>nu^- 
times as long as the calvx. Calyx ^-\ in.; te^th short, dultoid. Corolla red- 



210 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Dolichos. 

dish or white, ^-| in. Pod H-2 in. by |— j in., tipped with the hooked persistent 
base of the style. — Roxburgh desciibes fully 13 cultivated varieties. 

2. I>. bracteatus, Baker; flowers large, pedicels exceeding the calyx, 
keel broad subobtuse, pod linear many-seeded. 

Plains of Concan, Stocks. 

A robust glabrous perennial twiner. Stipules J in., lanceolate, basifixed ; leaflets 
entire, membranous, glabrous, acute or obtuse, |— | ft. long, and broad, the base deltoid. 
Racemes long-peduncled, reaching a foot or more long; bracts minute, linear-lanceo- 
late, deciduous ; pedicels {—^ in. ; bracteoles firm, oblong or roundish, as long as the 
calyx. Calyx \ in., glabrous ; teeth deltoid, short. Corolla reddish, 1 in. long. Pod 
much recxirved, 5-6 in. by f in., 10-12-seeded. 

Stjbgen. 2. lHacrotyloma, W. ^ A. Style filiform, minutely penicil- 
late round the stigma, not bearded down the edge. — Connects PhaseolecB^ and 
GalactiecB. 

3. D. biflorus, Linn. ; DC. Prodi-, ii. 398; leaflets entire, flowers 1-3 in 
the axils of the leaves, calyx-teeth long setaceous, corolla yellow, pod linear 
downv 5-6-seeded. Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 313, D. uniflorus. Lam. •, DC. Prodr. 
loc.cit.; Wall. Cat. 5538; W. ^ A. Prodr. 248." Johnia congesta, Dalz. ^ 
Gibs. Bomh. Fl. Suppl. 23. Glycine uniflora, Dalz. in Journ. Linn. Soc. xiii. 
146, cum icone. 

Himalayas to Ceylon and Bibma, ascending to 3000 ft. in Sikkim, sometimes 
cultivated. — Distrib, Everywhere in tropics of^Old World. 

Annual, suberect (2). uniflorus) or lengthened out and twining (I), biflorus). downy, 
rarely glabrescent. Stipules basifixed, \ in., lanceolate, scariose ; leaflets membran- 
ous, ovate, acute, 1-2 in. long, at first finely pilose on the faces. Flowers 1-3 toge- 
ther, in the axils of the leaves, without a common peduncle. Calyx ^ in., downy ; 
teeth lanceolate- setaceous, much exceeding the tube. Corolla ^— | in. long ; keel nar- 
row, obtuse, rather shorter than the standard. Pod 1^2 in. by ^-g- in., much recurved, 
tipped with the persistent style. 

4. D. lanceolatus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5547 ; leaflets entire, flowers 
1-2 on a short common peduncle in the axils of the leaves, calyx-teeth shorter 
than the tube, corolla reddish. 

Blrma ; Prome hills, Wallich. 

Stems very slender, wide-twining, with only a few short adpressed hairs. Stipules 
minute, lanceolate ; leaflets 1-1^ in. long, moderately firm, oblong, acute, with a few 
adpressed hairs on both sides, narrowed to a rounded base. Pedicels shorter than the 
calyx ; bracteoles ovate, persistent, rather shorter than the calyx. Calyx under \ in., 
silky. Corolla 3 times the calyx ; petals subequal ; keel distinctly incurved at the 
tip, subobtuse. Style rather thickened upwards, so that it connects the two sections. 
Pod unknown. 

5. D. ciliatus, Klein; DC. Prodr. ii. 398; leaflets entire conspicu- 
ously ciliated on the edge, flowers 3-6 in subsessile cymes, calyx-teeth setaceous, 
corolla yellow, pod linear-oblong glabrous 3-4-seeded. Wall. Cat. 5558 ; W. 
Sf A. Prodr. 249. D. prostratus, Koenig ; Itoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 310. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

Boot tuberous, perennial. Stems slender, firm, clothed with short spreading deciduous 
grey hairs. Stipules small, nervose, lanceolate, basifixed ; leaflets oblong, rounded at 
the base, 1-3 in. long, with only a few adpressed hairs at first on the faces. Pedicels 
shorter than the calyx ; bracteoles minute, ovate, nervose, persistent. Calyx under 
\ in. ; lower teeth lanceolate-setaceous. Corolla ^ in. ; standard as in Clitoria, much 



Dolichos.] L. LEGU.MiNOS.E. (J, G. Baker.) 211 

exceeding the wings and keel. Pod 1-1 ^ in. by ^ in., tipppd with the hooked base of 
the style. 

G. p. f ale a,t\i&, Klein ', DC. Prodr. ii. 398; leaflets entire or slij/btly 
3-lobed, flowei's 2-8 on a short common peduncle, calyx-teeth deltoid, corolla 
vellow, pod linear glabrous 6-8-seeded. Hovb. Fl. Ind. iii. 311 ; W. ^ A. 
'Prodr. 249. D. trilobatus. Wall. Cat. 5541, non Linn. 

Himalayas, from Ktjmaon to Khasia, ascending to 7500 ft. Plains of Westkhn 
Peninsula and Ceylon. 

Boot tuberous, perennial. Stems wide-twining, very slender, pilose or glal^rescent. 
Stipules small, lanceolate, reflexed, persistent ; leaflets membranous, 1-3 in. long, 
ovate, acute, entire or obtuse, 3-lobed, finely pilose on the faces, or nearly glabrescent. 
Peduncles 1-2 in. long, sometimes scarcely any; pedicels ^-^ in. Calt/x glabrous, 
under ;|- in. ; teeth very short. Corolla twice the calyx, its petals nearly equal in 
length ; keel broad, obtuse. Pod substipitate, 2-3 in. by | in., slightly recurved. 

DOUBTFUL SPECIES. 

D. suBCARNosus, W. Sf A. Prodr. 249, is a plant from the Western Peninsula, 
of which the flower is unknown and of which the place is therefore doubtful. It has 
small ovate acute entire leaflets, many-flowered distinctly-peduncled racemes, and a 
narrow linear nearly straight glabrous many-seeded pod 3-4 in. long. 

D. suBJEQUALis, Grak. in Wall. Cat. 5539, is another doubtful plant, of which 
the flower is unknown, gathered by Wallich in Ava, which has been referred through 
some confusion to Psophocarpus palustris, from which it totally differs. It has slender 
terete woody suberect stems, with short deflexed deciduous grey pubescence, caduc- 
ous stipules, membranous stipellate leaflets with a fewadpressed bristly hairs on both 
sides, the end one oblong subobtuse or cuspidate 4-5 in. long, many-flowered short- 
peduncled racemes and a 2-3-seeded ligulate flattish pod |-1 in. by ^ in., thinly clothed 
with long adpressed grey hairs, faintly depressed between the seeds. 



78. PSOPKOCARPUS, Neck. 

Twining herbs, with large tuberous roots. Leaves 3-foliolate,. stipellate ; sti- 
pules fastened above the base. Flowers rather large, lilac. Calyx teeth shorter 
than the tube, the two upper connate. Corolla much exserted, the petals equal 
in length ; keel much incurved, but not beaked. Stamens monadelphous, the 
upper free downwards ; anthers uniform. Ovary substipitate, many-ovuled ; 
style long, much recurved, flattened laterally, densely bearded roimd the termi- 
nal stigma. Pod square, with a di.stinct wing to each angle, distinctly septate 
between the seeds.— Distrib. Species 3-4, all tropical in the Old World. 

1. P. tetragronolobus, DC. Prodr. ii. 403 ; leaflets entire ovate mem- 
branous, racemes few-flowered, pedicels elongated, bracteoles much shorter tlian 
the cal}Tc, pod large glabrous. W. i^- A. Prodr. 252 ; Hassk. PI. Jav. Par. 388. 
Dolichos ovatus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5540. D. tetragonolobus, Linn. ; Roxb. 
Fl. Ind: iii. 305. 

Prome and Martaban, Wallich, perhaps only introduced. Cultivated else- 
where. 

Root large, annual. Siems weak, wide-twining, glabrous. Stipules lanceolate each 
way from the attjichment ; leaflets broad, ovate, acute, 3-6 in. long, 2-6 in. brojvd, 
glabrous, base .sulxleltoid. Raceous lax ; peduncles \ ^ ft. ; pedicels geminate. a.s long 
as the calyx; bract ecjles ovate, ^^ in. Calyx ^ in., glabrou.s; side-tei-tli oblong; 
lowest shorter, deltoid. Pod^-^ ft. by 1 in., the wings ^-\ in. broad, usually much 
crisped and toothed. 



212 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Psophocarpus. 

2. P. palustrlSy Desv. in Ann. Sc. Nat. ix. 420 ; leaflets ovate entire or 
lobed, racemes many-flowered, pedicels short, bracteoles as long as the calyx, pod 
small glabrous. Dolichos suffultus, Gt-ah. in Wall. Cat. 5564. P, longe- 
pedunculatus, Hassk. PI. Jav. Par. 388. P. palmettorum, Guill. ^ Per. Fl. 
Seneg. 222. Diesingia scandens, Endl. Atakt. 1, t. 1-2. 

Cultivated in the tropics of both hemispheres ; a native of Africa. 

Stems slender, glabrous, firmer than in the last. Stipvles similar ; leaflets broad 
ovate or roundish, 2-4 in. long, acute, sometimes with two distinct obtuse lobes in the 
lower half. Racemes long-peduncled, \-^ ft. long, dense upwards ; bracteoles oblong, 
glabrous, quite enveloping the young calyx. Pod 2-4 in. long, ^| in. broad, includ- 
ing the wings, 4— 8-seeded. 

We have what may prove a third species from Assam. Masters, with pubescent 
stems and leaves, entire lanceolate subcoriaceous prominently- veined leaflets 4-5 in. 
long, short sessile racemes, a straight square 6-8-seeded pod 2-2| in. long, with much 
less prominent wings than in the preceding, the faces densely clothed, with persistent 
firm short spreading grey ^airs. Flowers, stipules, and bracteoles unknown. 

79. ATVZ.OSZA, W. & A. 

Herbs or shrubs, erect or twining. Leaves 3-foliolate, sometimes subdigitate, 
often exstipellate, gland-dotted beneath. Flowers axillary or racemed. Calyx 
teeth distinct, longer or shorter than the tube, the lowest the longest. Corolla 
more or less exserted, marcescent or caducous ; keel not beaked. Stamens dia- 
delphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary sessile ; ovules 3 or more ; style filiform, 
incurved, glabrous, stigma capitate. Pod linear or oblong, turgid, marked with 
transverse lines between the seeds, which have a conspicuous divided strophiole. — 
DiSTRiB. Species about 20, spread from India to Australia and Mauritius. 
Differs from Cajanus mainly by its ariUate seeds. 

SiiBGEN. 1. Atylla, Benth. Petals marcescent, remaining tiU the pod is 
developed. 

* Erect. Floioers in sessile or stalked pairs. Pod not distinctly lineate be- 
tween the seeds. 

1. £L. Candollei, W. ^ A. Prodr. 267; petiole short, leaflets obovate- 
oblong or oblanceolate densely silky reticulato-venose beneath, pairs of flowers 
usually stalked, corolla large, pod 3-4-seeded densely silky. Wight Ic. t. 754. 
A. major, W. dr ^- Prodr. 257. CoUaea trinervia, DC. Mem. Leg. p. 247, t. 41 ; 
Prodr. ii. 240 ; Wall. Cat. 5571. Odonia trinervia, Spreng. Syst. Suppl. 279. 
Rhynchosia Wightiana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5500. 

NiLGHiRis and Ceylon, up to 4000 ft. 

An erect shrub, with rigid sulcate branches, densely clothed with grey or brownish 
subpatent hairs. Stipules lanceolate, minute, silky, ■ caducous ; petioles \-^ in. ; 
leaflets very thick and coriaceous, almost digitate, 2-3 times as long as broad, 
shortly pubescent above, the underside with the veins and veinlets in relief, densely 
clothed with thick grey or brownish silky pubescence, usually obtuse, the end one 
1-3 in. long. Peduncles rigid, erecto-patent, of the lower pairs of flowers 1-2 in. 
long, of the upper often suppressed ; bracteoles oblong, caducous ; pedicels \-^ in. 
Calyx ^\ in., densely silky; lowest tooth linear, twice the tube, the others lanceo- 
late. Corolla reddish, 1 in. long ; limb of standard oblong ; keel with a short obtuse 
beak. Pod straight, oblong, l-\^ in. by ^ in., densely clothed with soft short spread- 
ing grey or pale brown silky pubescence. 

2. A. greminiflora, Dalz. in Journ. Linn. Soc. xiii. 185 ; petiole produced, 



Atylosia.] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 218 

leaflets orbicular thinly hispid on both surfaces, flowers in stalked pairs, corolla 
small, pod hispid 5-7-seeded. 

Western India, Dalzell. 

Branches suberect, flexuose, clothed with spreading fulvous hairs. Petiole 3 in. ; 
leaflets membranous, 3-nerved, pellucido-punctate, with scattered golden glands, 
1^-2|^ in. long; stipules acuminate from a broad auricled base. C'a/ya: tomentose ; 
teeth acuminate, twice as long as the tube. Corolla \ in. long. Pod almost membran- 
ous, rounded at both ends, 1-1^ in. by ^ in., its hairs bulbous at the base. Ex Dalz. 
loc. cit. 

3. A. lineata, W. Sr A. Prodr. 258 ; petiole short, leaflets obovate-oblong 
pilose beneath not reticulato-venose, pairs of flowers not peduncled, corolla small 
3 times the calyx, pod 2-3-seeded finely pilose. Cajanus lineatns, Grah. in 
Wall. Cat. 5578. Atylosia i.awii, Wight Ic. t. 93; Dalz. i^ Gibs. Bomb. 
Fl. 74, 

Hills of the Westkrn Peninsula. 

An erect shrub, with long straight sulcate branchlets, densely clothed with short 
grey pubescence. Stipules minute, setaceous ; petiole \-^ in. ; leaflets subcoriaceoxis, 
greenish and thinly pilose above, densely shortly grey-downy below, triplinen-ed, 
nearly digitate, obtuse, the end one f-H in. long. Pedicels as long as the calyx. Calyx 
^-i in., densely downy ; teeth deltoid-cuspidate, the lowest as long as the tube. Co- 
rolla twice the calyx ; keel obtuse. Pod oblong, straight, |-| in. by \ in., thinly 
clothed with fine spreading grey hairs. 

4. A. sericea, Benth. MSS. ; petiole short, leaflets oblanceolate silky on 
both sui'faces especially beneath, pairs of flowers not peduncled, corolla small 3 
times the calyx, pod small densely pilose 2-seeded. 

CoNCAN, Stocks, Law, Ritchie. 

An erect shrub, with long straight terete branches, with many grooves, densely 
clothed with fine short whitish subpatent silky hairs. Stipules setaceous, subpersis- 
tent, \-^ in. ; petiole |-1 in. ; leaflets flexible, moderately thick, subdigitate, 6-8 
times as long as broad, subacute, triplinerved, persistently grey-silky, 1-2 in. long. 
Pedicels very short. Calyx ^ in., silvery ; teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Co- 
rolla I in., red ; keel with a short obtuse beak. Pod oblong, | in. long, densely softly 
persistently grey-downy. 

** Tioiners loitli jiowers in lax peduncled racemes and distinctly lineate pods. 

6. A. mollis, Benth. PI. Jungh. 243 ; branches and leaves beneath shortly 
densely grey-downy, stipules minute caducous, end-leaflet short-stalked, pod per- 
sistently grey-canescent. Collsea mollis, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5574. C. cine- 
rascens, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5575. Dolichos reticulatiis. Ham. in Wall. Cat. 
5552. D. crassus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5553. D. blandus, CJrah. in Wall. Cat. 
6668. Dunbaria Horsfieldii, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 179. Atylosia gland ulosa, 
Dalz. in Joum. Linn. Soc. 13, 185. Cajanus glaudulosus, Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomb. 
Flora, 7^. 

Himalayas, from Garwhal and Kumaon to Nipal, ascending to 5-6000 ft. Con- 
can, Stocks, Dalzell. Ava, Wallich. Pegu, McClelland. — Distulb. Malay and Phi- 
lippine isl^es. 

Branches firm, slender, terete, glabrescent. Petioles 1-2 in. ; leaflets coriaceous, 
shortly pilose, greenish above, densely persistentl/ grey-downy l)eneath, finally reticu- 
lato-venose, distinctly stipellate, the end one 2-4 in. long, roundish-obovate, cuspidate, 
spathulately narrowed to a rounded base. Racemes 2-3 in. long, lax, short-pedunoled ; 
pedicels geminate, \-\ in. ; bracteoles large, roundish, reddish, forming a conspicuous 
tuft before the racemes expand. Calyx | in., finely grey -downy ; lowest tooth lan- 
ceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla yellow, twice the calyx. Pod straight, \-2 in. 



214 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Atylosia. 

by f in., 4-9-seeded, rounded at both ends. — Dolichos blandus is an imperfect flower- 
ing specimen, without locality, which resembles this closely as far as it goes, but has 
a much smaller corolla and shorter calyx-teeth. 

6. A . villosa, Benth. MSS. ; branches and leaves below thinly grey- 
downy, stipules minute caducous, end-leaflet short-stalked, pod densely clothed 
with long spreading hairs. 

Lower hills of Sikkim, alt. 4000 ft., Hook. fil. 

Known only from two flowerless examples, which as far as they go diifer from 
the last principally in the vestiture of the pod. Leaflets subcoriaceous, obovate-cu.-*- 
pidate; petiole ^ in. Pedicels deciu-ved, finally \ in. long. Pod \-\\ in. long, f in. 
broad, 5-6-seeded, densely clothed with persistent fine spreading pale brown silky 
hairs, rounded at both ends, tipped with the persistent pilose base of the style. 

7. A. kulnensis, Dalz. in Joui-n. Linn. Soc. xiii. 186 ; branches tbinly 
clothed with fine spreading hairs, leaflets subglabrous, the end one short-stalked, 
stipules membranous subpersistent, pod clothed with long spreading hairs. 
Cajanus kulnensis, Dalz. in Kew. Joum. ii. 264 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Flora, 72. 

CoNCAN, near Kulna, in the Warree Country, Stocks, Law, Dalzell. 

Branches firm, slender, terete, glabrescent. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, ^-\ in. ; pe- 
tiole 1-2 in. ; leaflets thin, but firm, green on both sides, with a few obscure hairs on 
the ribs below, scabrous with glands above, the end one obovate-rhomboid cuspidate, 
1|— 3 in. long ; stipellse subulate, persistent. Racemes lax, short-peduncled, few-flowered ; 
pedicels f-^ in. ; bracteoles roimd, enclosing the buds. Calyx ^ in., finely downy, 
lowest tooth linear-acuminate, exceeding the tube. Corolla half as long again as the 
calyx. Pod \^ in. by |-^ in., 6-6-seeded, marked with distinct oblique depressed 
lines. 

8. A. grandiflora, Benth. MSS. ; branches minutely downy, stipules mi- 
nute caducous, leaflets membranous glabrous the end one long-stalked, pod 
clothed with fine spreading silky hairs. 

Ktjmaon ; Bagesar, alt. 3000 ft., Strachey and Winterbottom. Upper Garwhal, 
Madden. 

Branches terete, firm, slender, glabrescent. Petioles 2-3 in. ; leaflets thin, green 
on both sides, minutely hairy on the ribs beneath, the end one obovate-cuspidate, 
rounded at the base, 3-4 in. long ; petiolule | in. long ; stipellse distinct, setaceous. 
Racemes lax, few-flowered; pedicels finally |-^ in., recurved. Calyx f-f in., finely 
downy ; lowest tooth linear-setaceous, 3-4 times the tube ; the others lanceolate. Co- 
rolla slightly exceeding the calyx. Pod \\-1 in. by \ in., 5-6-seeded. 

Stjbgen. 2. Cantharosperxnum, W. UfA. Petals falling before the pod 

developes. 

* Leajlets subdigitate. 

9. A. nivea, Benth. PI. Jungh. 243 ; shrubby, erect, leaflets obovate obtuse 
rigidly coriaceous white-canescent beneath, racemes few-flowered short-pedun- 
cled, calyx-teeth short, coroUa much exserted, pod 4-6-seeded canescent. Ca- 
janus niveus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5581. 

BiRMA ; Prome and near Zeranghuen, Wallich. 

Very lite A. albicans, with which Wight and Arnott join it, but suberect, not twin- 
ing. Branches slender, woody, terete, grey-canescent. Petiole 1 in. ; leaflets exstipel- 
late, rigidly coriaceous, 1 in. long, rounded at both ends, thinly grey-canescent above, 
densely beneath. i?ace7?2€5 falling short of the leaves, subcorymbose ; pedicels cernu- 
ons, \-^ in. Calyx ;^-| in., finely downy ; all the teeth deltoid. Corolla 4 times as 
long as the calyx; keel -obtuse. Pod 1-1^ in. by ^ in., distinctly lineate, firm, 
rounded at both ends. 



Atylosia.] L. LEQUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 215 

10. A. albicans, Benth. PL Jungh. 243 ; a shrubby twiner, leaflets obovate 
obtuse or subacute rigidly coriaceous white-canescent beneath, racemes lax short- 
peduncled, calyx-teeth short, corolla much exserted, pod 5-6-8eeded thinly 
canescent. Oantharospermum albicans, W. Sf A. Prodi-. 256, excl. syn. Ca- 
janus albicans, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5582. C. Wightianus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 
6583. 

Hills of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

Branchlets slender, thinly canescent, with many grooves. Stipules minute, 
caducous ; petiole 1-2 in. ; leaflets 1-2 in. long, densely finely persistently -white- 
canescent beneath, not reticulato-venose, greenish and obscurely canescent above, 
much narrowed in the lower half, the base subdeltoid, or a little rounded. Ra- 
ce?)ies 4-12-flowered, often corymbose, usually shorter than the leaves; bracts small, 
round, silvery on the back, caducous ; pedicels ^-i in. Calyx ^-i in., thinly canes- 
cent ; lowest tooth lanceolate, upper oblong or deltoid. Corolla 3 times as long as 
the calyx. Pod 1-1^ in. by |-^ in., straight, distinctly lineate, narrowed to the 
base, beaked with the base of the st^'le. 

11. A. elongrata, Benth. PI. Jungh. 243 ; a slender herbaceous twiner, 
leaflets membranous obovate-cuspidate obscurely hairy beneath, racemes 2— i- 
flowered long-peduncled, calyx- teeth long, corolla little exserted, pod 3-4-seeded 
glabrescent. Dolichos elongatus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5543. 

NiPAL, Khasia and Assam, ascending to 6000 ft. 

Stems very slender, wide-twining, clothed with fine spreading grey hairs. Stipules 
minute, caducous ; petiole 1-4 in.; leaflets greenish on both sides, paler and incon- 
spicuously pilose on the ribs below, always pointed, 1-1^ in. long, narrowed from the 
middle to a rather rounded base, exstipellate. Piduncles 1-2 in.; pedicels as long as 
the calyx. Calyx |— ^ in., densely pubescent ; lower tooth setaceous, twice the tube, 
the others similar but shorter. Corolla (scarcely exceeding thfe calyx. Pod oblong, 
I in. long by half as broad, narrowed to the base, distinctly lineate, beaked, clothed at 
first with short spreading hairs. 

12. A. rug'osa, W. ^ A. Prodr. 257 ; a woody twiner, leaflets thick obo- 
vate obtuse densely grey-canescent reticulato-venose below, flowers usually in 
stalked pairs, calyx-teeth long, corolla little exserted, pod 3-4-8eeded densely 
canescent. Rhynchosia velutina, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5501. 

NiLGHiRis and Ceylon, ascending to 6000 ft. 

Branches slender, sulcate, densely shortly grey-downy. Stipules minute, ovate, 
caducous; petiole ^-H in. , leaflets coriaceous, flexible, rugose on both sides, rounded 
at the base, 1-2 in. long, grey, thinly canescent above, densely persistently grey-ca- 
nescent below, with the veinlets in relief, exstipellate. Peduncles ^-1^ in., the flowers 
rarely 4 to each ; pedicels as long as the calyx ; bracts small, round, thick, caducous. 
CaZyj:' J-| in., densely canescent ; lower tooth linear, exceeding the tube, the others 
lanceolate. Cvrolla half as long again as the calyx. Pod |-1 in. by | in., densely 
grey-canescent, rounded at both ends. 

13. A.scarabeeoldes, Benth. PL Junyh. 243 ; a herbaceous tanner, leaf- 
lets obovate-oblong subcoriaceous downy beneath, corymbs few-flowered short- 
peduncled, calyx-teeth long, corolla little exserted, pod 4-6-seeded clothed with 
fine spreading hairs. Dolichos scarabseoides, Linn. Sp. 1020. Cajanus 8caraba?oi- 
des, Thouars ; Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5580. Rhynchosia scarabaeoides, DC. I^odr. 
ii. 387. R. biflora, DC. loc. cit. Oantharospermmu paucitiorum, W. i^' A. Prodr. 
255; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bojnb. FL 73. 

Universally spread in the plains throughout India, reaching 5-6000 ft. in the 
"West Himalayas. — Distuib. China, Malaya, Mauritius, Madagascar. 

A biennial, with slender trailing or twining densely grey-downy stems. StipuU's 
minute, caducous ; petiole i-1 in. ; leaflets H in. long, flexible, twice as long as broad, 



216 L. LEGQMiNOSj;. (J. G. Baker.) [Atylosia. 

3Kstipellate, obtuse or subacute, triplinerved in the lower half, thinly grey-canescent 
aboTe, densely beneath, with usually only the main nerves raised. Peduncles short, 
densely pubescent, 2-6-flowered ; pedicels as long as the calyx. Calyx \-\ in., densely 
grey-silky ; teeth linear, the lowest twice as long as the tube. Corolla yellow, ^-| in. ; 
keel abruptly incurved at the tip. Pod straight, distinctly lineate, f-1 in. by \ in., 
clothed with fine spreading grey or pale brown silky hairs. — C. nervosum, Royle MSS., 
is a form with thick leaves, with the veinlets raised on the under side. The descrip- 
tions oi Dolichos searaboeoides an(i medicagineus in Roxburgh, Flora Indica, iv. 316, 
have been accidentally transposed. 

** Petiolule of the end leaflet elongated. 

14. A. platycarpa, Benth. PL Jungh. 243 ; a herbaceous twiner, leaflets 
€xstipellate membranous roundish both surfaces finely pilose, flowers 1-2 pe- 
duncled, calyx-teeth long, coroUa little exserted, pod straight thinly pilose 
5-7-seeded. Oantharospermum ? distans, Royle MSS. 

Centbal Himalayas, Garwhax, &c., alt. 1-8000 ft. 

Branches very slender, climbing or trailing, densely clothed with short spreading 
grey hairs. Petioles 1-4 in ; stipules minute, linear, caducous ; leaflets round-cuspi- 
date, 1-3 in. long and broad, greenish on both surfaces, paler beneath.;, petiolule ^-| 
in. Pedu7icles shorter than the petioles, suppressed at the end of the shoots;' \iih.ere "the 
leaves also are much reduced ; pedicels as long as the calyx. Calyx f-^ in., densely 
pilose; teeth linear-setaceous. Pod ^aX, 1-lf in. by ^ in., distinctly lineate, clothed 
with fine short deciduous spreading hairs. 

15. A. rostrata, Baker ; a woody climber, branches glabrescent, leaflets 
exstipellate roundish subcoriaceous obscurely canescent below, flowers in long- 
pedimcled lax racemes, calyx-teeth short, coroUa much exserted, pod bristly 
recurved 8-10-seeded. 

CoNCAN, Stocks. 

Branches firm, terete, at first minutely downy. Stipules minute, caducous ; petiole 
1-3 in. ; leaflets as broad as long, 3-4 in. each way, green and glabrous above, nar- 
rowed to a deltoid point, suddenly narrowed in the lower third or quarter ; petiolule 
1 in.' Racemes overtopping the leaves, the flowers much the most showy in the 
genus ; pedicels^— | in. Calyx f in., broadly campanulate, with only a few deciduous 
bristles, all the teeth shorter than the tube. CoroUa 1 in. long ; keel broad, beaked ; 
limb of standard 1^ in. broad. Pod linear, distinctly lifieate, 2^-3 in. long, | in. 
broad, narrowed at the tip, thinly clothed with stiff grey bristles with bulbous bases. 

16. A. barbata, Baker; a woody climber, branches densely pubescent, 
leaflets roundish stipellate subcoriaceous thinly shortly pubescent, flowers in 
long-peduncled racemes, calyx-teeth long, corolla little exserted, pod straight 
densely pilose 5-6-seeded. A. goensis, Dalz. in Journ. Linn. Soc. xiii. 186. Dun- 
baria barbata, Benth. PI. Jungh. 242. D. calycina, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 180. 
Dolichos barbatus, Wall. Cat. 5548. D. ornatus, Wall. Cat. 5561. Rhynchosia 
vestita, Wall. Cat. 5505. Oajanus goensis, Dalz. in Kew Journ. ii. 264 ; Dalz. 
8f Gibs. Bomh. Fl. 73. 

Assam, Mabtaban, Tenasserim, Concan. — Distrib. Java. 

Branches firm, densely clothed at first with short spreading grey pubescence. Sti- 
pules \ in., lanceolate, caducous ; petiole 1-4 in. ; leaflets 3-4 in. broad and long, 
cuspidate, broadly rounded at the base, green above, paler and greyer beneath, both 
surfaces minutely permanently pubescent ; petiolule ^1 in. ; stipellae minute, setaceous. 
Peduncles often overtopping the leaves ; racemes at first close, finally 4-6 in. long, the 
rachis densely pilose ; bracts roundish or ovate, with a cusp, shaggy, exceeding the buds ; 
pedicels ^-\ in. Calyx ^ in., shaggy ; teeth lanceolate, exceeding the tube. Standard 
haK as long again as the calyx ; keel equalling the calyx ^ in. broad. Pod l|^-2 in. 
by f in., straight, densely clothed with long grey spreading hairs, narrowed to both 
' ends. 



Cajanns.] L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. BEtker.) 217 



80. CAJANVS, DC. 

An erect shrub. Leaves 3-foliolate. Flowers racemed. Calyx-tube cam- 
panulate ; teeth short. Corolla much exserted, its petals equal in length ; 
keel truncate. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, few- 
ovuled; style long, filiform, much upcurved, stigma capitate. Pod linear, 
straight, narrowed at both ends, 3-6-8eeded, torulose with oblique linear 
depressions between the non-strophiolate seeds. — Distrib. The only species. 

1. C. indicus, Sin-eng. Syst. iii. 248 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 26G. C. bicolor, 
Wall. Cat. 5577. 0. flavus and bicolor, JDC. Prodr. ii. 406. Cytisus Cajan, 
Linn.\ Po.vb. Fl. hid. iii. 325. C. pseudo-cajan, Jacq. Hort. Vijid. t. 119. — 
Rheede Hort. Mai. vi. t. 13. 

Wild? and cultivated throughout our limits, ascending to 6000 ft. in the 
Himalayas. — Distkib. Everywhere in the tropics, probably native of the Old 
World. 

An erect shrub, with slender sulcate grey-silky branchlets. Stipules minute, 
lanceolate ; leaflets 3, minutely stipellate, ohlong-lanceolate, entire, subcoriaceous, 
thinly silky above, densely beneath, indistinctly gland-dofeted. Flowers in sparse dis- 
tinctly-peduncled corymbose racemes, often forming a terminal panicle ; pedicels 
downy, 2-3 times the calyx. Calyx \ in. Corolla 3 times the calyx : standard yellow, 
(C flavics) or beautifully veined with red (C bicolor). Pod 2-3 in. by \-\ in., finely 
downy, tipped with the lower half of the style. 

81. DVNBARZA, W. & A. 

"Woody or herbaceous climbers. Leaves 3-foliolate, distinctly gland- 
dotted beneath ; stipellae rarely present. Floivers racemose or axillary. Caly.i- 
teeth long and narrow, the lowest distinctly exceeding the. others. Corolla 
more or less exserted, marcescent or caducous ; keel usually not beaked. 
Stamens diadelphous, anthers uniform. Ovary seSsile or stalkeil, many- 
ovuled ; style inflexed, filiform beardless, stigma capitate. Pod linear, flat, not 
marked with depressed lines between the substrophiolate seeds. — Distrib. 
Three more species, reaching North Australia and Japan. 

Stjbgen^. 1. ZSudunbaria, Benth. Corolla large, marcescent, lasting till 
the pod reaches full size. 

1. Z>. ferrug-inea, W. ^ A. Prodr. 258; stems closely pubescent, 
stipules minute caducous, leaflets thick as broad as long densely pubescent 
beneath, standard exceeding the wings and keel, pod puberuleut. CoUapa 
venosa, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5578. C. gibba, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5572, B.C. 
Dunbaria latifolia, W. ^ A. Prodr. 258. 

Hills of Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

A woody twiner, with slender stems and densely downy branchlets and petioles. 
Leaflets roundish -deltoid, entire, coriaceous, 2-3 in. long, glabrescent or thinly downy 
above, clothed with soft grey or ferruginous pubescence beneath ; stipellne sometimes 
present. Racemes lax, many-flowered, distinctly pedunclcd ; pedicels downy, gemi- 
nate, ^-| in. ; bracts large, boat-shaped, soon falling. Calyx ^-^ in., densely downy ; 
lower tooth linear, as long as the tube, the others hinceolate. Corolla \-\\ in. long, 
the standard 1 in. broad, exceeding the wings and ket-l. \-^ in. Pod sessile, straight, 
1^-2 in. by |-| in., 4-5-seeded, tipped with the hooked base of the style. 

2. D. "H.eya.ei, W. 8f A. Prodr. 258; stems thinly clothed with fine 
spreading hairs, stipules membranous persistent, leaflets thin twice as long as 



218 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Dunharia. 

broad subglabrous, petals subequal, pod clothed with fine spreading hairs. 
Collsea gibba, Grah. m Wall. Cat. 6572 A. Dunbaria oblonga, Am. in Nov. Act. 
Nat. Cur. xviii. 333. 

Hills of Mysore and Ckyion, up to 3000 ft. 

A woody climber, -with slender terete glabrescent stems and petioles. Stipules 
lanceolate, \-^ in. ; leaflets green on both surfaces, with a few minute deciduous hairs, 
membranous, the end one nearly sessile, obovate-oblong, cuspidate, 3-6 in. long ; 
stipellae minute, caducous. Bacemes few-flowered, lax, distinctly peduncled ; pedicels 
^—^ in. ; bracteoles large, oblong, caducous. Calyx |^-| in., finely downy ; lowest 
tooth acuminate, exceeding the tube. Corolla twice the calyx ; standard | in. broad ; 
keel subtruncate. Fad 1^2 in. by ^ in., straight, densely pilose at first, 'i-S-seeded. 

3. D. pulcbra, Benth. MSS. ; stems finely downy, stipules caducous, 
leaflets thin twice as long as broad obscurely downy, standard exceeding the 
wings and keel, pod clothed with fine spreading hairs. 

Lower hills of Sikkim, 1-2000 ft., Hook.jU. 

A woody climber, with slender terete glabrescent branches. Leaflets membranous, 
green, glabrescent above, greyish -puberulent beneath, the end one oblong, narrowed 
to a rounded base, and a long point, distinctly petioled, 3-4 in. long, stipellate. 
Racemes few-flowered, lax, distinctly peduncled ; pedicels \-^ in. ; bracteoles large, 
navicular, caducous. Calyx finely downy, | in. long ; lower tooth setaceous, 2-3 
times the tube, the others "much shorter, lanceolate. Corolla \-\\ in. long ; limb of 
standard round. Pod as in the last. 

SuBGEN. 2. Rlijnicolobluin, Benth. Corolla small, caducous, little 
exserted. 

4. Z>. debilis, Baker ; stems filiform, leaflets subcoriaceous ligulate- 
oblong obtuse 3-4 times as long as broad, flowers solitary in the axils of the 
leaves, pod sessile glabrous. 

Khasia Mts., alt. 4-5000 ft., Hook.fil. ^ Thomson, Lobb. 

A twining herb, with very slender finely downy stems and distant nodes. Stipules 
minute, setaceous, persistent; petiole ^^ in.; leaflets grey-green, thinly canescent 
above, densely so beneath, prominently nerved, the end one short-petioled, rounded at 
both ends, 1-1^ in. long. Pedicels as long as the calyx. Calyx ^ in., grey-downy ; 
teeth linear, the lowest as long as the tube. Corolla yellowish, half as long again as 
the calyx. Pod recurved, glabrescent, 1^2 in. by ^ in., 8-10-seeded. 

5. D. conspersa, Benth. PL Jungh. 241 ; stems filiform, leaflets mem- 
branous round-rhomboid, flowers 1-2 together in the axils of the leaves usually 
not peduncled, pod sessile glabrous. Dolichos conspersus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 
6642. D. rhynchosioides, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 185. D. punctatus, W.' ^ A. 
Prodr. 247. D. Finlaysonianus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5565. xAtylosia punctata, 
Dalz. in Joum. Linn. Soc. xiii. 186. 

Eastern Himaiayas, tropical region ; Silhet and Assam. Western Pentnsuia, 
Wight. Prome, Wallich. — Distrib. Malaya, China, N. Australia. 

A twining herb, with very slender finely -downy stems. Stipules minute, linear ; 
petiole 1 in. ; leaflets thin, flexible, green, glabrescent above, pale green, obscurely 
downy, distinctly gland-dotted beneath, not stipellate ; end one distinctly petioled, 
1-1^ in. long and broad, subacute. Pedicels very short; flowers rarely 3-4 on a short 
peduncle. Calyx \ in., grey-downy; lowest tooth as long as the' tube. Corolla 
reddish, |-^ in. ; keel distinctly beaked. Pod linear, 1^2 in. by ^ in., recurved, 
6-8-seeded. — The Japanese Atylosia subrhombea and Javan Dolichos truncatus of 
Miquel both belong to this- section of Dunbaria, and are near this species. 

6. X>. podocarpa, Kurz in Joum. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xliii. 2, 185 ; stems 
herbaceous, leaflets broad ovate acuminate, flowers in pairs in the axils of the 
leaves on a very short peduncle, pod puberulous distinctly stalked. 



Bunharia.'] L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 219 

Tenasserjm, Kurz. 

A perennial twiner, with fine yellowish pubescence. Petiole ^1 in, ; leaflet* 
puberulous, pale beneath. Pedicels pubescent, ^ in. Calyx \ in., with adpressed 
yello-wish pubescence; teeth lanceolate. Corolla middle-sized. Pod 1^-2 in. by 
^ in., flat, acuminate, many-seeded ; stalk | in. — Ex Kurz loc. cit. 

7. D. olrclnalls, Baker ; stems woody slender, leaflets thin broad- 
ovate acute, flowers many in close subsessile racemes, pod distinctly stalked 
clothed with fine spreading hairs. Phaseolus circinalis, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 
5594, ex parte. Atylosia circinalis, Benth. PL Jungh. 244. 

MouLMEiN, Griffith. Tenasseeim, Heifer. Assam, Wallich. 

A slender woody climber, with terete glabrescent branches, finely grey-downy at 
first. Stipules minute, caducous ; leaflets flexible, green, glabrescent above, finely 
grey-downy beneath, obscurely stipellate ; the end one acuminate, distinctly stalked, 
1-H in- long and broad, broadly rounded at the base. Racemes 6-10-flowered, 
shorter than the leaves; pedicels short, densely grey-downy. Cali/x ^ in.; lowest 
tooth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla little exserted ; keel with a recurved 
beak. Pod incurved, 2-3 in. by | in., 8-10-seeded, with a stalk \—^ in. long. — 
The Wallichian specimen includes the pod of a true Phaseolics. 

82. CVX.ZSTA, Ait. 

A climbing shrub. Leaves 3-foliolate. Flowers racemed. Calyx-tube cam- 
panulate ; teeth scariose and persistent, the lowest much the largest boat- 
shaped, the two side ones smaller than the two upper. Corolla enclosed in 
the calyx, the petals equal in length ; keel much incurved, truncate. Stamens 
diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, 1-ovided ; style long, filiform, 
stigma capitate. Pod small, oblique, oblong, enclosed in the calyx. — Distrib. 
The only species. Difiers from Rhynchosia only by its peculiar calyx. 

1. C. scarlosa, Ait.\ DC. Prodr. ii. 410: Roxh. Cor. PL i. t. 92; 
FL Ind. iii. 320 ; WalL Cat. 5586 ; W. 8r A. Prodr. 259 ; Wight Ic. t. 1597 ; 
Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. FL 74. 

Woods of CoNCAN, Deccan, Canara, and Orissa. 

A woody twiner, with slender finely downy branches. Leaflets minutely 
stipellate, subcoriaceous, ovate or subrhomboidal, acute, 2-4 in. long, thinly grey- 
downy above, densely downy below. Flowers in copious distinctly-peduncled lax or 
dense racemes ; bracts large, membranous, ovate, caducous ; pedicels short, densely 
pubescent. Corolla yellowish-red, ^ in. long. Calyx finally 1-1^ in. long, the 
scariose conspicuously veined lower lip 1 in. broad. 

83. ZSRZOSSMA, DO. 

Shrubs or herbs, mostly suberect, with 1-3-foliolate leaves. Flou^rs ra- 
cemed or axillary. Calyx campanulate ; teeth 5, as long aa the tube. Corolla 
distinctly exserted ; limb of standard roundish, auricled at the basf» ; wings and 
slightly beaked keel shorter. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary 
sessile, 2-ovuled ; style filiform, glabrous, stigma capitate. Pod oblong, turgid, 
1-2-seeded ; seeds oblique, the funiculus attached to the extremity of a linear 
hilum. — Distrib. Species about 50, mostly Trop. African and American. 

1. S. ohinenBe, Vogel, PI. Meyen. 31. Orotalaria tuberosa, Hamilf. in 
Don Prodr. 241. Rhynchosia virgata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5603. R. Grahami, 
WalL Cat. 5504. Pyrrotrichia tuberosa, W. Sf A. Prodr. 238. 

Himalayas from Kumaon and Guewhal to Khasia and Assam, ascending to 

VOL. II. H 



220 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Ehynchosia. 

6000 ft. Cetlon, Walker. Malacca, Griffith. Pegu, McClelland. — Disteib. 
China, Philippines, N. Australia. 

Boot a small woody perennial tuber. Stems 1-2 ft., slender, erect, woody, little 
branched, densely pubescent. Stipules linear, persistent ; leaflets short-petioled, 
simple, linear-ligulate, 1-2 in. long, subcoriaceous, greenish with a few adpressed 
hairs above, glaucous, densely grey-canescent, brown on the ribs beneath. Flowers 1-2, 
short-peduncled, in leaf-axils. Calyx ^-^ in., densely pilose. Corolla twice the 
calyx, yellowish, purple-black when dried. Fod oblong, | im, densely pubescent. 



84. RKVNCKOSZA, Lour. 

Twining or erect herbs or shrubs. Leaves pinnately 3-foliolate^ gland-dotted, 
beneath ; stipellae present or absent ; stipules and bracts caducous. Floweis 
axillary or racemed. Calyx-tvhe short ; teeth equalling or often much exceeding 
it, usually not accrescent, slightly so in § Phyllomatia, the upper often more or 
less connate. Corolla included or exserted ; keel incurved, not distinctly 
beaked. Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, usually 
2-ovuled ; style long, filiform, much incurved, stigma capitate. Pod round or 
oblong, flattish or turgid, usually continuous between the seeds, the hilmn 
parallel with the sutures and funiculus centrical upon it. — Distrib. Species 
about 80, spread everywhere in the tropics and reaching the Cape and United 
States. 

Stjbgen. 1. Pbyllomatia, W. ^ A. Calyx-teeth broad and marcescent, 
but not so excessively enlarged as in Cylista, in which Graham placed the species. 
Seeds with a large grooved white waxy arillus, as in Atylosia. 

1. R. rufescens, DC. Prodr. ii. 387 ; pedicels distinct solitary distant, 
calyx-lobes narrowed to an obtuse point, pod globose one-seeded. TV. 8f A. 
Prodr. 239; Hook. Ic. PI. t. 189. Glycine rufescens, Willd. Nov. Act. 
Ber. 1803, p. 222. G. pondicheriensis, Spreng. Syst. iii. 196. Oylista suaveo- 
lens, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5587. Ovanospermum javanicum, Miq. Flor. Ind. 
Bat. i. 167. Lespedeza indica, Spreng. Syst. iii. 202 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 231. 
Hallia trifoliata, Both Nov. Sj). 352. Flemingia Rothiana, DC. Prodr. ii. 351. 

Plains of "Western Peninsula and Ceylon. Dacca, Clarke. Khasia, Griffith. — 
DisTEiB. Java. 

Suberect, shrubby, with long trailing shoots, clothed with fine short grey pubes- 
cence. Petioles erecto-patent, 1-2 in. ; stipules minute, caducous ; leaflets sub- 
coriaceous, minutely stipellate, ovate or oblong, 1-3 in. long, acute, rounded at the 
base, minutely pubescent, the end one distinctly stalked. Bacemes nearly sessile, 
laxly 2-6-flowered; pedicels ^\ in., cernuous. Calyx downy, | in. deep, cut down 
nearly to the base into 5 subequal scariose lobes ^— ^ in, broad. Corolla not exserted. 
Pod 5— I in. long, roundish, turgid, finely downy. 

2. R. Kesmel, W. ^ A. Prodr. 240 ; flowers scarcely pedicellate gemi- 
nate or ternate, calyx-lobes lanceolate narrowed at the base, pod two-seeded 
twice as long as broad. Cylista reticulata, Heyne in Wall. Cat. 5584. R. 
coodoorensis, Bedd. Ic. PI. Ind. Or. t. 297. 

Plains of Mysore, Heyne. Nilghiris, Beddome. 

Shrubby, with densely shortly grey-downy elongated slender branches. Stipules 
minute, caducous; petiole 1-^ in. ; leaflets oblong, acute, rounded at the base, sub- 
coriaceous, minutely pubescent, the end one 2-3 in. long, distinctly stalked. Flowers 
in ahort-peduncled 2-4-nate racemes of 1-2 distant clusters. Calyx ^-| in., downy ; 



Bhynchosia.] L. legdminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 221 

lobes subacute, rounded at the base, ^l in. broad. Corolla included. Pod oblong, 
^ in. long, obliquely Jineate, minutely pubescent. 

SuBGEN. 2. Nomlsmla, W. Sr A. Trailinpr herbs with narrow setaceous 
or acuminate calj^-teeth. Seeds with a waxy arillus. 

3. R. nummularia, DC. Prodr. ii. 386 ; annual, leaflets green on both 
surfaces finely pubescent broader than long, racemes elongated few-flowered, 
calyx-teeth as long as the tube, pod globose 1 -seeded. Wall. Cat. 5493. Glycine 
nummularia, Linn. Mant. 671. Nomismia nummularia, W. <^- A. I^'odr. 237 • 
Wight Ic. t. 283. 

Plains of the Westeen Peninsula and Ceylon. 

Stems trailing to a length of 2-3 ft., clothed with fine grey spreading hairs. 
Stipules minute, ovate ; petiole 1-6 in. ; leaflets subcoriaceous, 1-2 in. broad, 
truncate or emarginate, glabrescent above, finely pubescent on the edge and lower 8\ir- 
faee, the end one distinctly-stalked, broadly deltoid at the base. Racemes 2-6- 
flowered, distinctly peduncled, equalling or exceeding the leaves ; pedicels geminate, 
very short, cernuous. Calyx ^ in. long, densely pubescent ; teeth lanceolate. Corolla 
\ in. Pod ^ in. each way, plicate, lenticular, clothed with fine deciduous hairs. 

4. R. aurea, DC. Prodr. ii. 386 ; annual, leaflets green on both surfaces 
finely pubescent obovate-rhoraboidal, racemes close many-flowered, calyx-teeth 
3-4 times as long as the tube, pod globose 2-seeded. R. elongata, DC. loc. 
cit, R. densiflora, Wall. Cat. 5492 D. R. capitata, DC. Prodr. loc. cit. Glycine 
aurea, Willd. in Nov. Act. Per. iv. 1803, 18. G. elongata, Both. Nov. Sp. 347. 
G. capitata, Heyne in Both. Nov. Sp. 346. Dolichos rufescens, Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 6544. Nomismia aurea, W. <^* A. Prodr. 237. N. capitata, W. &A. P-odr. 
237 ; Wight Ic. t. 296. 

Plains from the foot of the Himalayas to Ceylon. 

Stems wide-trailing, very slender, clothed with fine spreading hairs. Stipules 
minute, lanceolate, caducous ; petiole 1-3 in. ; leaflets subcoriaceous, as long as 
broad, ^-2 in. each way, glabrescent above, obscurely pilose below, broadly deltoid at 
both ends, exstipellate, the end one distinctly stalked. Racemes short-peduncled, 
6-30-flowered, about on a level with the leaves; pedicels ^-^ in., densely pubescent. 
Calyx |-^ in., densely pubescent ; teeth setaceous, the lowest the longest. Corolla 
bright yellow, scarcely exserted. Pod membranous, subcompressed, |— ^ in. each way, 
with a faint line between the seeds, thinly clothed with fine spreading hairs. 

5. R. fillpes, Benth. in Hohen. PI. Ind. Or. Exsic. No. 1184; perennial, 
leaflets thick obovate white-canescent reticulato-venose beneath, flowers pe- 
duncled solitary, calyx-teeth as long £is the tube, pod oblong two-seeded. 

NlLQHlRIS. 

Stems woody in the lower part, wide-trailing, slender, densely tomentose. Stipules 
minute, lanceolate ; petiole under 1 in. ; leaflets coriaceous, very thick, ^-1 in. long, 
greenish, obscurely canescent above, covered with persistent thick white tomentum 
below, the end one short-stalked, obtuse, with a minute mucro, rounded at the base. 
Flowers on thread-like pedicels ^1 in. long, with a persistent silky lanceolate bract 
a short distance below the calyx. Calyx ^-^ in., densely silky : teeth lanceolate. 
Corolla little exserted. Pod ^ in. long by half as broad, finely downy, reticulato- 
venose, not lineate between the seeds. 

Sfbgen. 3. Ptycbocentruxn, W. 8f A. Erect undershrubs, with 
lanceolate acuminate calyx-teeth. Seeds with a waxy.^ariUus. 

6. R, Buaveolens, DC. Prodr. ii. 387 ; leaves minutely downy, flowers 
in peduncled pairs casually solitary, calyx-teeth twice the tube, corolla half as 
long again as the calyx, pod minutely downy lineate externally septate in- 



222 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Bhyncliosia. 

temally. W. 8f A. Prodr. 240. Glycine suaveolens, Linn. Suppl. 326. Cajanus 
suaveolens, Grah. in Wall Cat. 5579. 

Plains of Ceylon and both sides of the Western Peninsula. 

An undershrub, 1-3 ft. high, with many stiff erecto-patent branches, clothed with 
fine short grey pubescence, sometimes lengthened out and half twining at the ends. 
Stipules minute, lanceolate ; petiole 1-2 in., stiffly erecto-patent ; leaflets almost 
membranous, pale green, minutely downy, especially beneath, sometimes stipellate, the 
end one roundish, with a long cusp, distinctly stalked, 1-3 in. long. Peduncles 
slender, erecto-patent, downy, seldom above 1 in. ; pedicels shorter than the calyx. 
Calyx '^ in., downy; teeth linear-setaceous. Pod oblong, ^-3 in. long, turgid, 
2- ' 



7. R. cana, BC. Prodr. ii. 386 ; leaves minutely dovmy, flowers in 
peduncled pairs, calyx-teeth exceeding the tube, corolla twice the calyx, pod 
minutely downy neither lineate externally nor septate internally. Wall. Cat. 
5498 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 240. Glycine cana, Willd. Sp. iii. 1063. 

Plains of Cetlon, and both sides of the Western Peninsula. 

A dwarf undershrub, with very numerous erecto-patent slender shortly downy 
branchlets. Petioles 1-2 in. long, erecto-patent ; leaflets obovate or oblong, obtuse 
or subacute, thicker in texture and deeper in colour than in the last, thinly pilose 
above, densely or thinly grey downy beneath, 1-2 in. long, exstipellate, the end one 
distinctly stalked. Peduncles slender, ^1 in. ; pedicels shorter than the calyx, with 
a small persistent lanceolate bract at the base. Calyx ^ in., densely silky. Pod 
oblong, ^-| in. long, turgid, glabrescent, 2-seeded. 

8. It. avensis, Benth. MSS. ; leaflets densely tomentose heneath, flowers 
in peduncled racemes, lowest calyx-tooth 3-4 times as long as the tube, pod 
densely hairy lineate externally not septate internally. Oajanus candicans, 

Wall. Cat. 5576. Atylosia candicans, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xliii. 2, , 
186. 

AvA ; Taongdong, Wallich. Pegu, near Eangoon. McClelland. 

Branches slender, woody, virgate, densely clothed with grey tomentum. Stipules 
caducous ; petiole 1-2 in., stiffly erecto-patent ; leaflets thick, coriaceous, greenish, 
thinly canescent above, densely persistently thickly grey-can escent beneath, the end 
one ovate-acuminate, 3-4 in. long. Peduncles equalling or exceeding the petioles ; 
pedicels ^-\ in. ; bracts lanceolate, caducous. Calyx i-| in., densely silky; all the 
teeth linear-setaceous, che lowest the longest. Corolla not exserted. Pod oblique, 
oblong, firm, ^-^ in. long, 2-seeded. 

9. B.. Beddomel, Baker; leaflets argenteo-canescent on both sides, 
flowers in subsessile congested racemes, calyx-teeth much exceeding the tube, 
corolla not exserted. 

Western Peninsula ; Cudrape hills, Beddome. 

An erect shrub, with terete white-canescent branches. Petioles erecto-patent, ^-| 
in. ; leaflets oblong or oblong-lanceolate, acute, subcoriaceous, thinly persistently 
argenteo-canescent above, densely so beneath, the veins conspicuously raised, the end 
one short-stalked. Flowers in copious cymes from the axils of reduced leaves ; 
pedicels much, shorter than calyx. Calyx | in., thinly silky. Corolla bright yellow. 
Pod 1-seeded, not seen fully mature, oblong, thinly canescent. 

Stjbgex. 4. Cyanospermum, W. ^- A. A woody twiner with l)road 
foliaceous calyx-teeth. Seeds without an arillus. 

10. R. cyanosperma, Benth. in Oliv. Flor. Trop. Africa, ii. 218. Cya- 
nospermum tomentosum, W. ^ A. Prodr. 260 ; Wight III. t. 81 (84) ; Dalz. 8f 



Bhjnchosia.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 223 

Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 75. Cvlista tomentosa, Ro.vb. Cor. PL iii. t. 221 ; Jlorf Benq 
65 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 319 ; DC. Pt'odr. ii. 410 ; Wall. Cat. 6586. Oylista albifioi^' 
Bot. Mag. t. 1859. ' 

Jungles of the Westerx Peninsula and Ceylon.— Distkib. Mascaren isles, Zam- 
besi-land. 

A robust woody climber, with stems clothed with short grey or brown pubescence. 
Leaflets subcoriaceous, flexible, softly pilose on both sides, 4-6 in. long, the end one 
ovate-cuspidate, distinctly stalked ; stipellae large, setaceous, persistent. Racemes 
close, distinctly peduncled, ^-1 ft. long; bracts large, round-cuspidate, caducous. 
Calyx membranous, f in. long, densely clothed with grey hairs ; tube short, teeth 
^-^ in. broad. Corolla included, marcescent, bright rod or white. Pod as long as 
the calyx, deeply torulose, persistently grey-canescont ; seeds large, glolx)se, shining, 
violet-black. 

Sfbgen. 5. Pseudo-cajan, Benth. An erect shrub ^vith narrow acumi- 
nate calyx-teeth. Seeds without an arillus. 

11. a. pseudo-cajan, Camb. in Jacq. Voii Bot. 45, t. 65. R. incaua 
Roy-le MSS. 

Western Himalayas ; Hazara to G-urwhal and Kumaon, ascending to 9000 ft. 

An erect shrub, 4-6 ft. high, with virgate slender branches, clothed with per- 
sistent fine grey tomentum. Petiole ^1 in. ; stipules minute, caducous ; leaflets 
subcoriaceous, 1-2 in. long, exstipellate, grey-green, thinly canescent above, densely 
persistently grey-canescent beneath, with raised veinlets ; the end one oblong-rhom- 
boidal, distinctly stalked, apex deltoid, subacute. Flowers in short-peduncled close 
corymbs; pedicels shorter than the calyx. Calyx f in., densely grey-canescent; 
lowest tooth linear-setaceous, exceeding the tube; the others shorter, lanceolate. 
Corolla ^-| in. ; standard thinly silky. Pod oblong, an inch long, | in. broad, 
straight, hard, persistently grey-canescent, subcompressed, bearing 1-2 seeds in the 
upper half. 

Sttbgen. 6. Burliynchosla, W. 8f A. Twining herbs or shrubs with 
acuminate calyx-teeth. Seeds without an ariUus. 

* Leaflets small, subcoriaceous or membranous, usually obtuse. Pod much 
exceeding the calyx (Copisma, F. Meyer). 

12. R. znlnlma, DC. Pi-odr. ii. 386 ; stems and leaves nearly or quite 
glabrescent, leaflets as broad as long deltoid in the lower half, racemes lax 
elongated, calyx-teeth exceeding the tube, pod 3-4 times the calyx small. R. 
medicaginea, DC. Prodr. ii. 386 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 238 ; Dalz. c^- Gibs. Bomb. 
Fl. 74. R. rhombifolia, DC. Prodr. loc. cit. R. prostrata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 
6496. R. microphvlla, Wall. Cat. 6497. R. nuda, DC. Prodr. ii. 385 ; W. Sr 
A. Prodr. 238 ; Wall. Cat. 6494. R. ervoidea, DC. loc. cit. Glycine rhom- 
bifolia, Willd. Sp. iii. 1065. Dolichos minimus, Linn. Sp. PI. 1020. I), medi- 
cagineus, Lam. Diet. ii. 297 ; Ro.vb. Hort. Beng. 56. 

Everywhere in the plains, from the Himalayas, where it ascends to 4000 ft., to 
Ceylon and Birma. — Distrib. Cosmopolitan in the Tropics, Cape, United States. 

A twining or wide-trailing annual, with very slender stems, with only a little 
short pubescence at the beginning. Stipules minute, lanceolate, caducous : l««aflets 
subcoriaceous or membranous, ^-1 in. broad and deep, obtuse, usually exstipellate, 
the end one distinctly stalked, mostly conspicuou.sly gland-dotted beneath. Race;7i.es 
6-12-flowered, short-peduncled, usually exceeding the leaves ; bracts minute, linear ; 
pedicels short. Calyx ^-^ in., pubescent; lowest tooth seUvceous, twice the tube. 
Corolla yellow, twice the calyx. Pod ^-| in. long, under \ in. broad, glabrescent, 
turgid, slightly recurved, mostly 2-seeded. 

Vab. laxiflora; glabrous, leaflets larger lJ-2 in. long acuto both the upper and 



224 h. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Rhyncliosia. 

lower half subdeltoid, racemes laxer 2-4 or even 6 in. long, R. laxiflora, Camb. in 
Jacquem. Voy. Bot. 44, t. 54. R. Candollei, Decne. ; Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 170. R. 
tenuicaulis, Wall. Cat. 5495. R. filicaulis, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5502. Dolichos 
fatmensis, Hochst. ^ Steud. in Schimp. Arab. Exsic. No. 873. 

13. XI. memnonla, DC. Prodr. 386 ; stems and leaves clothed with 
minute persistent grey pubescence, leaflets as broad as long obtuse deltoid in the 
lower half, flowers few in lax racemes, calyx-teeth exceeding the tube, pod 
small 3-4 times the calyx. Boiss. Fl. Orient, ii. 625. R. pulverulenta, Stocks 
in Hook. Kew Journ. iv. 147 ; Boiss. Fl. Orient, loc. cit. Glycine Memnonia, 
DelUe Fl. jEgypt. 100, t. 38, fig. 3. 

SciNDE, near Kurrachee, Stocks. — Distbib. Arabia, Trop. Africa. 
Scarcely more than a variety of the preceding, from which it only differs in 
vestiture. 

14. It. velutina, W. ^ A. Prodr. 233 ; young branches minutely downy, 
leaflets thinly grey-canescent beneath as broad as long obtuse deltoid in the 
lower half, racemes 2-4-flowered cymose, calyx-teeth equalling or exceeding 
the tube, pod middle-sized 4r-6 times the calyx. 

N11.GHIRIS. 

Stems wide-trailing, rather stouter than in R. minima, glabrescent when mature. 
Stipules mimxte, linear, caducous; leaflets subcoriaceous, \-\^ in. long and broad, 
green, glabrous above, persistently thinly grey-canescent beneath, exstipellate, the 
end one distinctly stalked. Cymes 2-4-flowered, shorter than the leaves ; pedicels 
i. A in. Calyx \-^ in., finely silky ; lowest tooth linear-setaceous, twice the tube, 
the others much shorter, lanceolate. Corolla ^ in. Pod much recurved, 1-1:| in. by 
f in., glabrescent, 2-seeded, narrowed very gradually to the base. 

15. It. pllosa, Wall. Cat. 5499 ; branches and leaves clothed with long 
fine spreading grey hairs, leaflets oblong rounded at the base, racemes short 
few-flowered, calyx-teeth with long setaceous points exceeding the tube. 

BiRMA ; banks of the Irrawaddi at Segaen, Wallich. 

Stems YBTj slender, twining. Stipules linear, ^ in., subpersistent ; leaflets sub- 
coriaceous, grey-green above, grey beneath, clothed on the edge and below with con- 
spicuous long fine hairs, exstipellate, the end one oblong or ovate-oblong, rounded at 
both ends, 1^-2 in. long. Eaoemes like those of B. minima, the buds like dense 
tufts of silky hairs ; pedicels shorter than the calyx ; bracts minute, lanceolate. 
Calyx ^ in., all the teeth with long setaceous points. Corolla half as long again as 
the calyx. Pod unknown. 

16. It. Falconer!, Baker; branches and leaves clothed with short 
spreading grey hairs, leaflets ovate-oblong rounded at both ends, racemes long- 
peduncled lax few-flowered, lowest calyx-tooth linear exceeding the tube, pod 
middle-sized 4-6 times the length of the calyx. 

GuRWHAL, Falconer. 

Stems wide-trailing, slender, densely clothed with short firm deflexed grey hairs. 
Stipules |— 5- in., subpersistent, linear or lanceolate; petiole 1-2 in.; leaflets sub- 
coriaceous, 1-1^ in. long, rounded to both ends, greenish beneath, thinly clothed on 
both sides with persistent moderately firm grey hairs, exstipellate, the end one dis- 
tinctly stalked. Racemes 4-6-flowered ; peduncles much exceeding the leaves ; 
pedicels shorter than the calyx. Calyx pilose, i in. ; teeth linear. Corolla half as 
long again as the calyx ; standard slightly pilose. Pod 1 in. by | in,, finely pubes- 
cent, 2-seeded. 

** Leaflets larger ^JtexihUy not coriaceous, mostly acute. Pod much exceeding 
the calyx. 



Bhynchosia.'] l. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 225 

17. R. viscosa, DC. Prodr. ii. 387 ; pubescence minutely glandular, end- 
leaflet acute as broad as long, pedicels very short, lowest calyx-tooth as long as 
the tube much shorter than the corolla. 11. stipulosa, A. Rich. Fl. Abyss, i. 221) 
t. 43. R, villosula, Thwaites Enmyi. ^\2. Dolichos glutinosus, J?or6 Fl hul 
iii. 312; Wall. Cat. 6560; W. 4' A. Prodr. 248. 

Plains from the Himalayas to Ceylon.— Distrib. Malaya, Trop. Africa, Mauri- 
tius, Madagascar. 

Stems ratht-r woody, wide-t-wining, clothed with deciduous fine short grey viscous 
pubescence. Stipides small, deltoid, subpersistent ; leaflets green on both surfaces 
finely gland-dotted, often glabrescent, 1^3 in. long, the apex deltoid, the base 
broadly rounded, sometimes faintly 3-lobed, rarely stipellate, the end one on a 
petiolule ^-| in. long. Racemes long-peduncled, lax, 2-4 in. long; pedicels ^-^ in. ; 
bracts minute, ovate-cuspidate, deciduous. Calyx \ in., finely gland-downy ; upper 
teeth deltoid. Corolla twice the calyx. Pod 1| in. by | in., 2-seeded, turgid, finely 
pubescent, straight, tipped with the base of the style, narrowed to both ends. 

18. R. hlmalensis, Benth. MSS. ; pubescence fine glandular, end leaflets 
acute longer than broad, pedicels elongated, lower calyx-tooth as long as the 
coroUa 3-4 times as long as the tube. 

Western and Central Himalayas, alt. 3-7000 ft. Hazara, Simla, Garwhal 
Ktjmaon, &c. 

Stems wide-trailing, slender, terete, clothed with fine short grey viscous pubes- 
cence. Stipules lanceolate, \ in., subpersistent, reflexed ; leaflets thin, finely pubes- 
cent on both surfaces, not at all coriaceous, a much paler green beneath than above, 
exstipellate, 2-3 in. long ; the end one ovate-acuminate, distinctly stalked. Racemes 
J-^ ft. long, lax, distinctly peduncled ; pedicels ^ in. ; bracts ^-i in., oblong-lanceo- 
late. Calyx ^ in., densely downy ; lowest tooth linear- setaceous ; the others lanceo- 
late-setaceous, twice the tube. Standard glabrous, yellow, very conspicuously veined 
with purple. Pod 1-1^ in. by | in., finely downy, 2-seeded, rather recurved, narrowed 
to both ends. 

19. R. sericea, Spanoghe. in LinncBa, xv. 195 ; pubescence dense soft 
spreading, end-leaflet rotundato-rhomboidal obtuse or subacute, pedicels short, 
lower calyx-tooth linear as long as the tube much shorter than the corolla. 
Dolichos tomentosus, Roth Nov. Sp. 345 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 401 ; W. (^- A. P-odr 
248. D. macrodon, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5555. 

Central and Western Himalayas, ascending to 5-6000 ft., and hills of West 
Peninsula. — Distrib. Malaya. 

Stems woody, slender, wide-climbing, densely clothed with soft short spreading 
grey glandular hairs. Stipules lanceolate, J-| in., subpersistent ; leaflets not at all 
coriaceous, soft with dense short pubescence on both surfaces, someti'mes stipellate, pale 
green both above and beneath, the end one distinctly stalked, deltoid at the tip. the 
lower half narrowed suddenly to a rather rounded base. Racemes many-flowered, 
moderately close, including the long peduncle reaching a foot in length ; pedicels 
much shorter than the calyx ; bracts lanceolate, silky, exceeding the buds. Calt/x 
J-| in., densely grey-silky ; upper teeth deltoid-cuspidate, shorter than the .tube. 
CoroUa ^-^ in. ; standard dark purple inside, callose, distinctly auricled, silky on the 
back. Pod 1-1| in. by | in., finely-pubescent, turgid, 2-seeded, rather recurved, 
tipped with the long persistent base of the style. 

20. R. bracteata, Benth. MSS. ; pubescence very short canescent not 
glandular, leaflets rotundato-rhomboidal cuspidate, pedicels short, lower calyx- 
tooth linear exceeding the tube shorter thau the corolla. Dolichos braotoatus. 
Wall. Cat. 5554. 

Upper Gaxgetic Plain, near Benares, Madden. Bihma; Prome, Jenanghaen and 
Taong-dong, Wallich. 



226 L. LEGUMINOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Uhynchosia. 

Branches twining or straight, woody, many-grooved, persistently pilose. Stipules 
minute, caducous ; leaflets 2-4 in. long and broad, thick, subcoriaceous, green, thinly 
downy above, densely softly grey-downy beneath, exstipellate. Racemes moderately 
close, distinctly peduncled, much exceeding the leaves ; pedicels shorter than the 
calyx. Calyx ^g- in., densely downy; upper teeth deltoid or lanceolate, shorter than 
the tube. Corolla \ in.; standard canescent externally. Pod \-\\ in. by ^ in., 
turgid, 2-seeded, narrowed in the lower half, minutely downy. 

21. XI. acutlsslxna, Thiuaites, Enum. 413 ; pubescence short not glandular, 
leaflets oblong-rhomboidal, pedicels exceeding the calyx, lowest calyx-tooth 
lanceolate much shorter than the corolla. 

Travancor, Beddome. Cetlon, near Hantani, alt. 3000 ft., Thwaites. 

A twiner, with stems clothed with short pale brown tomentum. Stipules lanceo- 
late, caducous ; leaflets 2-5 in. long, very acuminate. Racemes equalling or shorter 
than the leaves ; pedicels geminate, \—^ in. long ; bracts lanceolate-acuminate, 
deciduous. Calyx \ in. ; teeth lanceolate, the upper pair subconnate. Corolla ^ in., 
yellow veined with red. Ovary 2-ovuled. Pod not seen. 

*** Lea/lets not at all conaceous. Calyx as long as the corolla, nearly as long 
as the pod. (Arcyphyllum, Elliott). 

22. a. denslflora, DC. Prodr. ii. 386 ; Wall. Cat. 6492, excl. D. ; 
W. ^ A. Prodr. 239. Glycine denslflora. Roth Nov. Sp. 348. Hedysarum 
punctatum, Rottl. in Berl. Mag. 231, non Poir. Desmodium punctatum, DC. 
Prodr. ii. 338. 

Plains of both sides of the Western Peninsula. — Distrib. Zambesi land. 

Stems very slender, woody, wide-twining, finely grey-downy. Stijmles minute, 
caducous ; leaflets ovate-rhomboidal, obtuse or acute, 1-2 in. long, flexible, minutely 
grey -downy, especially below, sometimes stipellate, the end one short-stalked. Flowers 
20-40 or more in dense nearly sessile heads usually shorter than the leaves ; pedicels 
much shorter than the calyx ; bracts linear, ^-\ in., persistent. Calyx f-^ in. ; teeth 
all lanceolate acuminate ; tube very short. Corolla glabrous. Pod oblong, ^-^ in 
by \ in., 2-seeded, pubescent, oblique, narrowed suddenly at the tip. 

DOTJBTFTJL SPECIES. 

DoLiCHOS CANDicANS, Wall. Cat. 5567, from Ava, belongs either to § 3 or 5, but 
the seed is not known. It has densely tomentose virgate branches, thick coriaceous 
obtuse leaflets rather broader than long densely persistently grey-tomentose on the 
lower side with the veinlets raised, the end one distinctly stalked 1-2 in. long, 
racemes short-peduncled closely few-flowered, small lanceolate bracts, pedicels shorter 
than the calyx, calyx densely gpey-pubescent | in. long, lowest tooth linear exceeding 
the tube, the others shorter, lanceolate, corolla scarcely exserted. 

K. MOLLissiMA, Dalz. inJourn. Linn. Soc. xiii. 186, from Kandesh, which I have not 
seen, is said to differ from R. sericea principally by the want of callosities and auricles 
to the standard. 

85. rZiEMZNGZA, Koxb. 

Shrubs, rarely herbs, with leaves digitately 3-foliolate or simple, gland-dotted 
below. In^orescence various ; pedicels very short, not bracteolate. Calyx-tube 
short ; teeth narrow, acuminate, the lowest often the longest. Corolla little or 
not at all exserted; petals equal in length ; keel obtuse or slightly rostrate. 
Stamens diadelphous ; anthers uniform. Ovary subsessile, 2-ovuled ; style fili- 
form, beardless, stigma capitate. Pod oblong, turgid, smaU, usually two- 
seeded ; seeds not strophiolate, the funicle centrical. — Distrib. Only 3 Trop. 
African species not here represented. 

Stjbgen. 1. Oatryodluxn, Deso. Shrubs. Leaves simple. Flowers m 



Flemingia.] L. lequminosje. (J. G. Baker.) 227 

small cymes, each hidden by a large folded persistent bract, closely distichously 
arranged in copious simple or slightly branched racemes, both in the axils of the 
leaves and above them. 

1. P. stroblllfera, i?. Br. in Ait. Hort. Keio ed. 2, iv. 350; leaves ob- 
long subacute broadly rounded at the base, axis of racemes zigzag, bracts 
pointed or faintly emarginate. DC. Prodr. ii. 351 ; Wall. Cat. 5753 ; W. ^ A 
B'odr. 243 ; Wight Ic. t. 267 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 75. Hedysarum stro- 
biliferum, Linn. Sp. 1053 : Roxb. Fl. Ind. ill. 350. Zomia strobilifera, Fers. Ench. 
ii, 319. F. abrupta. Wall. Cat. 5755. 

Himalayas from Simla and Kumaon, ascending to 8000 ft. to Assam, Khasia, 
Chittagong, SiAM, Malacca, and Ceylon. — Distrib. Malayan Islands, Philippines, 
Timor. Introduced in Mauritius and West Indies. 

An erect shrub, 6-10 ft. high. Branches slender, terete, velvety. Leaven subco- 
riaceous, 3-8 in. long, green, glabrescent above, thinly silky, especially on the raised 
parallel erecto-patent ribs below ; stipules scariose, linear, ^^ in. ; petiole stiffly 
erecto-patent, ^1 in. Racemes 3-6 in. long, usually simple, the slender zigz;<g rachis 
densely grey-downy ; bracts erecto-patent, short-petioled, deeply cordate, ^1 in. long, 
membranous, finely downy, rather broader than long, obscurely cuspidate in the typical 
form. Calyx \ in., finely pilose ; teeth lanceolate, exceeding the tube. Corolla 
purple, little exserted. Pud oblong, turgid, \-'^ in. long, finely downy, 2-BeeJed. 

Var. ] . bracteata ; racemes copious dense panicled, bracts slightly emarginate. F. 
bi-acteata, Wight Ic. t. 268 ; Benth. PL Jungh. 24o. Hedysarum bracteatum, Roxb. 
Fl. Ind. iii. 351. F. chlorostachys, Wall. Cat. 6756.— Forests of East Himalayas and 
Birma.. 

Var. 2. fruticulosa ; habit low and branches trailing, leaves smaller plicate, ra- 
cemes fewer-flowered, bracts ^| in. slightly emarginate. F. fruticulosa. Wall. Cat. 
6754 ; Benth. PI. Jungh. 245. — Temperate region of Central Himalayas. 

2. r. Chappar, Ham. in Wail. Cat. 5757 ; leaves rotundato-cordate cus- 
pidate, rachis of racemes straight, bracts deeply emarginate. Benth. PI. Junqh 
244. 

Eastern Himalayas, Hamilton. Behar, Dr. Hooker. Ava, Wallich. 

General habit and inflorescence just that of the last. Branches terete, with a thin 
coating of adpressed hairs. Leaves nearly as broad as long, subcoriaceous, 2-4 in. 
each way, green, glabrous above, minutely grey -downy below ; petiole longer than in 
Jf^. sirobUiJera. Racemes often panicled ; rachis more woody than in the last, and the 
pubescence shorter ; bracts firmer, less distinctly veined, much broader than lone. 
Caljjx ^-i in. ; teeth lanceolate, as long as the tube. Corolla twice the calyx. Pvd as 
in the last. 

SuBGEN. 2. Chalaria, W. ^ A. Erect shrubs. Leaves simple or 3-folio- 
late. Bracts minute, caducous. Flowers in lax panicled racemes. 

3. r. panlculata, Wall. Cat. 5759; leaflets simple large cordate-ovate 
cuspidate thin not plicate, flowers mostly in a terminal panicle, bracts navicular 
as long as the calyx. Benth. PI. Jungh. 245. F. Phursia, Ham. in Wall. Cat 

5758. 

Central and Eastern Himalayas, tropical zone ; from Kumaon to Sijcklm. Mocl- 
MEiN, Heifer. 

An erect shrub, 4 to 6 ft. high, with finely downy slender terete branches. Lrai'c.s 
subcoriaceous, thin, full green above, paler beneath, glabrous except on the ribs of the 
undersurface, 3-6 in. long; petiole 1 in. or less long; stipules minute, lanceolate, ca- 
ducous. Axillary racemes sometimes simple, sometimes fascicled, the end ones forming 
a thyrsoid panicle \ ft. long, with densely grey downy branches, rather laxly flowered 
nearly down to the base ; bracts ovate, pilose, scariose ; pedicels shorter than the calyx. 
Calyx ^-^ in., densely grey-downy; teetli lanceolate, acuminate; tube very short. 
Corolla reddish, little exserted ; keel rostrate. Pod ^ in., oblong, finely downy, 
2-soeded. 



228 L. LEGUMINOSJ). (J. G. Baker.; [Flemingia. 

4. P. line at a, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 56 ; FL Ind. hi. 341 ; leaves 3-folio- 
late oblanceolate-oblong deeply plicate, flowers in copious axillary and terminal 
panicled racemes, bracts very minute linear. Wall. Cat. 5752 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 
351 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 242 ; Wight Ic. t. 327. Hedysarum lineatum, Linn. Sp. 
PL 1054. Lespedeza lineata, Peis. Syn. ii. 318. 

Plains from the Himaiayas to Ceylon, Birma and Siam. — Distbib. Malayan 
Islands, N. Australia. 

An erect shrub, with the ultimate branchlets angular and grey-canescent. Stipules 
lanceolate, scariose, subpersistent, |-f in. ; petiole |-2 in., erecto-patent, deeply 
sulcate ; leaflets rigidly subcoriaceous, 1-3 in. long, obtuse, or with a slight cusp, del- 
toid at the base, exstipellate, both surfaces especially the lower finely grey-canescent, 
sublucent. Panicles from the axils of most of the leaves, erecto-patent, 2-4 in. long, 
the flowers crowded towards the end of the branches and absent from the lower part ; 
pedicels very short. Calyx |— ^ in., densely grey-downy ; teeth lanceolate. Corolla 
little exserted ; keel beaked. Pod |— | in., finely downy, rounded at both ends, 
2-seeded. 

StTBGEJS". 3. Plemingriastrum, DO. Erect shrubs. Leaves digitately 
3-foliolate. Flowers in dense subspicate axillary racemes ; bracts linear or lan- 
ceolate, caducous. 

5. P. stricta, -Ro.r6. Cor. PI. iii. t. 248; Hort. Beng. 56; Fl. Lnd. iii. 
342 ; branches triquetrous, leaflets thin large acuminate obscurely silky on the 
ribs below, bracts linear firm much exceeding the buds, calyx silkv. DC. 
Prodr. ii. 351 ; Wall. Cat. 5745, excl. F; W. Sr A. Prodr. 241 ; Wight Ic. t. 
329. 

Tropical regions of Sikkim, Silhet, Assam ; Biema, Tenassebim, and the "Western 
Peninsula.— DiSTRiB. China. 

A tall shrub, with woody triquetrous branches, clothed with only a few short 
adpressed hairs. Stipules large, lanceolate, rigidly scariose, soon falling ; petiole 
3-6 in., triquetrous, deeply sulcate, not winged ; leaflets subcoriaceous, ^-1 ft. long, 
oblong, narrowed to both ends, smooth and glabrous above, with only a few short 
obscure hairs on the ribs below. BaceTnes dense, oblong-cylindrical, often fascicled, 
9-3 in. long, the lower bracts larger than the others and subpersistent, the upper ones 
rigidly scariose, linear, ^-f in. long, shortly silky, densely imbricated before the 
flowers expand ; pedicels very short. Calyx \-^ in. ; teeth linear, the lowest twice as 
long as the others. Corolla as long as the lower tooth, much exceeding the others ; keel 
obtuse. Pod. ^— | in. long, glabrescent. 

Var. pteropus, Baker; petiole distinctly winged, leaflets lanceolate acuminate 
plicate, spikes more slender densely fascicled, bracts and flowers smaller. — Pegu, 
McClelland. 

6. r. Grahamiana, W. ^ A. Prodr. 242 ; branches subterete, leaflets 
obovate obtuse or subacute thinly silky below, bracts linear firm small, calyx 
shaggy. F. pycnantha, Benth. in Hohen. PL Exsic. No. 1211 ; PL Jimgh. 245. 

NiLGHiRis, Wight, Gardner, &c. 

A low erect shrub, with tomentose young shoots. Stipules lanceolate, |-§- in., 
caducous; petiole ^-1 in., erecto-patent, not winged; leaflets subcoriaceous, 2-3 in. 
long, plicate, glabrous above, grey-silky especially on the ribs beneath many of the 
veinlets raised. Spikes dense, oblong, 1-2 in. long, often fascicled ; bracts under 
^ in, long, erecto-patent, subrigid, subpersistent. Calyx | in. ; teeth plumose, linear- 
tetaceous, subequal. Corolla not exserted. Pod oblong, | in. long, finely pubescent, 
and often covered with red viscous glands. 

7. r. cong'esta, Boxb. Hort. Beng. 66 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 340 ; branches sub- 
terete, leaflets oblong acuminate silky on the ribs below, bracts neither rigid 
nor protruded, calyx silkv. DC. Prodr. ii. 351; Wall. Cat. 5747, in cp-eatei' 
part ; W. ^' A. Prodr. 241 ; Wight Ic. t. 390 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. FL 75. 



Flemingia.] u. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 22i> 

F. angustifolia, Hoxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 341 ? Crotalaria macrophylla, Willd. Sp. 
iii, 982. lihynchosia crotalarioides, DC. Pt'odr. ii. 387. 

Centrax Himalayas to Ceylon and Maijicca, in the tropical region. — JJistbib. 
Malay isles, China, Philippines. 

An erect woody shruh, 4-6 ft. high, with terete glabrescent old and rather angular 
sulcate silky young branches. Stipules linear, ^ in., caducous; petiole 1-4 in., sul- 
catedown the face, not winged; leaflets subcoriaceous, thin not plicate, 4-6 in. long, 
narrowed to a long point, and downwards to a rather rounded base, green and glabrous 
above, thinly grey-silky beneath. Racemes oblong, dense, 1-2 in. long, sessile, often 
fnscicled ; bracts lanceolate, ^i in. long, silky on the back, like the calyx, deciduous, 
not at all rigid ; pedicels very short. Calyx J— 3 in., densely clothed with adpressed 
shining pale brown silky hairs; teeth linear-lanceolate, the lowest exceeding the 
others. Corolla scarcely exserted ; keel obtuse. Pod oblong, | in. long, obscurely 
downy, 2-seeded. 

Var. 1. semialata ; general habit and leaflets of the type, but the petiole narrowly 
winged, the racemes often rather laxer and calyx-teeth narrower. F. semialata, Roxb. 
Fl. Ind. iii. 340 ; Don Prodr. 242 ; W. <^ A. Prodr. 241 ; Wight Jc. t. 326 ; Wall. Cat. 
5746, in grtattr part. F. stricta, Wall. Cat. bl-^b E. F. prostrata, i?oj:6. Fl. Ind. iii. 
338 (a low trailing form). — Kange of the type, ascending to 5000 ft. in the Central 
Himalayas. 

Vau. 2. latifolia; tall, very robust, leaflets larger acute 6-9 in. long, bracts |— ^in. 
long like the calyx densely clothed with shining adpressed brown silky hairs, i. 
latifolia, Benth. PI. Jungh. 246; Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 163.— Khasia, 2-3000 ft. Hook. 
Jil. and Thomson, Griffith. — Disteib. Java. 

Var. 3. Wightiana ; erect, branches densely silky, leaflets smaller thicker densely 
clothed M-ith adpressed grey or ferruginous silky hairs below with the veinlets raised, 
petiole not winged, pubescence of calyx and raceme-rachis denser and less adpressed. 
F. Wightiana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5751 ; W. 4' A. Prodr. 242. F. ferruginea, Wall. 
Cat. 5750.— Nilghiris, Wight. Bhotan, Griffith. Ava, at Taong-Dong, Wallich. 

Var. 4. nana; a low diifuse undershrub, leaflets obtuse 1-2 in. long plicate reti- 
culato-rugose beneath, heads few subglobose few-flowered sometimes shortly peduncled, 
calyx-teeth deep very narrow, pod slightly downy. F. nana, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 56 ; 
Fl. Ind. iii. 339 ; Wall Cat. 5748 A ; Wight Ic. t. 389 (suberect). F. procunibens, 
Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 338 ; Wight Ic. t. 408 (trailing diffuse) ; Dah. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. lb. 
F. capitata, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 5749. — Central and Eastern Himalayas, 2-5000 ft., 
Concan. 

8. r. Wallichii, W. Sf A. Prodr. 242 ; branches subterete, leaflets obo- 
vate obtuse or subacute finely downy beneath, bracts small not at all rigid, calyx 
shaggy. F. semialata, var. vestita. Wall. Cat. 5746, G. F. nana. Wall. Cat. 
6748, B. F. sericans, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xliii. 2, 186. 

Hills of Western Peninsula. Prome, Wallich. Martaban, Kurz. 

Branches slender, erect, densely clothed with short spreading hairs. StipuUs small, 
caducous ; petiole 1-2 in., faintly winged ; leaflets obovate-oblong, 2-4 in. long, gla- 
brous on the upper surface, nearly flat. Heads dense, oblong, sessile, 1-2 in. long, 
solitary or fascicled. Calgx |-^ in., shaggy, with dense* persistent firm spreading 
grey hairs, slit down nearly to the base into subequal linear plumose teeth. Corolla 
included. Pod oblong, as long as the Ciilyx, finely downy. Not clearly distinct from 
the last, from which it mainly differs in vestiture. 

SuBGEN. 4. Ziepidocoxna, Jungh. An erect shrub. Leaves digitately 
3-foliolate. Flowers in dense globose heads surrounded by large bracts (like the 
capitula of Compositae). 

9. r. involucrata, Beiith. PL Jungh. 246. F. capitata, ZoUing. ; Miq. 
Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 166. Lespedeza involucrata, Wall. Cat. 5742. Lepidocoma 
trifoliatimi, Jungh. Reise, 338. 



230 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Flemingia. 

Eastern Himalayas, Assam and Sikkim, ascending to 3000 ft. Pegxt, McClelland, 
Kurz. CoNCAN, Stocks. — Distrib. Java. 

An erect shrub, 2-4 ft. high, with slender terete zigzag -woody finely downy 
branches. Stipules large, scariose, caducous ; petiole }-^ in. ; leaflets oblong or 
lanceolate, narrowed to both ends, 2-3 in. long, subcoriaceous. glabrous above, grey and 
finely downy below. Heads copious, both terminal on the branches and* axillary on 
short peduncles, an inch broad, encircled by about a dozen lanceolate acuminate sca- 
riose persistent bracts ^ in. long. Calyx ^— | in: long, shaggy with long dense grey 
hairs ; teeth very long, the two upper subconnate. Corolla included ; keel obtuse. 
Pod small, oblong, included, firm, downy, 1 -seeded. 

Sfbgen. 6. Rhyncliosioldes. Trailing herbs with herbaceous roots. 
Leaves digitately 3-foliolate ; bracts minute, caducous. 

10. P. vestita, Benth. MSS. ; leaflets obovate-cuneate minutely pilose, 
stipules large persistent, flowers 4-10 in dense long-peduncled heads, corolla 
much exserted. Dolichos vestitus, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5545. 

Himalayas ; from Simla, Garwhal and Kumaon to Khasia, ascending to 7000 ft. 
Sometimes cultivated for the sake of its tuberous esculent root. 

Stems trailing to a length of 1-2 ft., branched, densely clothed with short grey 
hairs. Stipules ^-f in., lanceolate, scariose ; petiole ^-1 in, ; leaflets brought close to 
one another by their edges, not at all coriaceous, full green above, pale green beneath, 
minutely hairy on both sides, exstipellate, obtuse or shortly cuspi(iate, ^1 in. each way. 
Flowers 3-6 together, in dense heads like Lotus, on pilose peduncles overtopping the 
leaves ; pedicels very short; bracts ^ in., silky, oblong or roundish, cuspidate. Calvx 
\-^ in., densely brown-velvety ; teeth subequal, exceeding the tube. Corolla bright 
red, half as long again as the calyx ; keel much incurved, distinctly rostrate. Pod 
oblong, included, subcylindrical, 1-seeded, finely hairy. 

Var. nilqheriensis ; leaflets smaller firmer more acute, hairs of stem and petioles 
longer and denser, flowers a dozen or more in a head, calyx-teeth linear, corolla 
scarcely exserted. F. procumbens, Wight Ic. t, 987 ; Dalz. tf Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 75, non 
Boxh. — Hills of "Western Peninsula. 

11. r. tuberosa, Dah. in Keiu Journ. Bot. ii. 34; leaflets lanceolate 
glabrous, stipules minute caducous, flowers very lax in few-flowered peduncled 
dichotomous corymbs, corolla not exserted, Dalz. t^ Gihs. Bomb. Fl. 75. 

CoNCAN, JDalzell, Stocks. 

Stems 2-3 ft. long, copiously branched, thinly clothed with fine spreading hairs. 
Leaflets rigidly subcoriaceous, acute, 1-2 in. long, those of the lowest leaves shorter, 
oblong. Corymbs copious, terminal and axillary, distinctly peduncled, exceeding the 
leaves, the last branches erecto-patent, 1-2 in. long, the flowers usually solitary, rarely 
geminate at their tips; bracts and bracteoles minute, rigid, ovate, like those of Shu- 
teria. Calyx \ in., strongly ribbed, den.'^ely pilose ; teeth lanceolate, exceeding the 
tube. Blade of standard round ; keel very narrow, abruptly incurved at the tip. Pod 
oblong, 1-2-seeded, if the latter slightly exceeding the calyx. 

86. DAIiBZSRGZA, Linn. fil. 

Trees or climbing shrubs. Leaves with alternate subcoriaceous leaflets. Flmcers 
copious, small, in terminal or lateral panicles. Calyx campanulate ; teeth 6, 
distinct, usually short. Corolla exserted ; standard broad ; keel obtuse, with 
its petals only joined at the tip. Stamens 9-10, monad elphous or the sheath 
slit down the keel ; anthers minute, basifixed, with the cells back to back, ard the 
slit mostly short and apical. Ovary stalked, few-ovuled ; style short, incurred, 
glabrous, stigma capitate. Pod oblong or strap-shaped, usually thin and flat, 
5._4_seeded, indehiscent, not thickened or winged at the sutures, — Distkib. 
Species 60-70, cosmopolitan in the tropics. 



Balhergia.'] L. legdminos^ (J. G. Baker.) 231 

SuBGEN. 1. Sissoa, Benth. Stamens usually nine in one Luiidh', the 
sheath of filaments being slit only along the top. Pod straight, thin, 1-4- 
seeded. 

* Lenjiets large. 

1. I>. Sissoo, Boxh. Hort. Bemj. 53; Fl. Ind. iii. 223; erect, leaflets 
3-5 roundish with a very distinct cusp, flowers in short axillary panicles with 
racemoso-corvmbose branches, pedicels short, pod 1-^seeded not veined opjxisite 
the seeds. DC. Prodr. ii. 416 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 264 ; Wall. Cat. 5850 ; Bt-iith. 
in Jown. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 40 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 25. D. pendula. Tenure 
Cat. Hort. Neap. 84. 

Plains through India proper, ascending to 5000 ft. in the Central Himalayas. — 
DiSTRiB. Afghanistan, Beloochistan. 

An erect tree, with finely grey-downy branches. Ze<7/-rachis zigzag; le;ifiets 
firm, soon glabrescent, 1-3 in. long. Panicles much shorter than the leaven, the 
erecto-patent branches densely pubescent. Calyx ^ in. deep, downy ; teeth very 
short, the lowest rather the. longest, lanceolate. Corolla yellowi.sh, twice the lenjjth 
of the calyx; standard with a long claw and round limb. Stavim^ 9. Pod thin, 
strap-shaped, pale brown, glabrous, 1^-4 in. by ^^ in., obtuse with a stalk twice 
as long as the calyx. 

2. D. latifolia, Boxh. Cor. PL ii. 7, t. 113; erect, leaflets 5-7 orbirular 
obtuse, flowers in lax axillary panicles with subcorymbose branches, pedicds 
elongated, pod 1-3-seeded not veined opposite the seeds. Bo.vb, Fl. In//, iii. 
221 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 416 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 264 ; Wif/ht Ic. t. 1156 ; Wall. Cat. 
5852 ; Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 38 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bo)nh. Fl. 77 ; 
Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t 24. D. emarginata, Bo.vb. Hort. Bemj. 53 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 224 ; 
Wall. Cat. 5858. 

Common through the Westf.rn Peninsula, Sikkim and Behar, Hook. jil. iicK- 
DELCUND, Edgeworth. 

An erect tree, glabrous in all its f)arts. Leaves 4-6 in. long ; rachis straiglit ; 
leaflets 1^-2^ in. long, firm, greenish or glaucous below, often emargiiiate at tli«- 
point, cuneate at the base, the petiolules unusually long. Flowers in lax broad 
panicles, shorter than the leaves; pedicels as long as the calyx. Caly.v ^-^ \n. \ t«-cth 
obtuse, rather shorter than the tube. Stamens 9. Corolla white, twice the b-ngth 
of the calyx. Pod firm, brown, strap-shaped, rather shining, 1^3 in. by ^- ^ in., 
in the place of the seeds distinctly marked but not wrinkled. 

Var. sissoides; leaflets rather narrower in proportion to their length and some- 
times obtusely pointed. D. sissoides, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5876 ; W. 4" A. Prodr. 265 : 
Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 39. D. javaniai, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 132? 
— Nilghiris. Distrib. Java? 

3. D. ovata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5854; scandent, leaflets 5-7 oblong 
acute, flowers in axillary panicles with crowded corymbose branchlets, podicels 
very short, pod 1-3-seeded not veined opposite the seeds, Benth. in Journ. Linn. 
Soc. iv., Suppl. 40. D. glauca. Wall. Cat. 6862. 

Martaban, Wallich. Pegu, Kutz. 

Whole plant glabrous, except the branchlets of the panicle. Z^r/Z-nichis 2 3 
in. long; leaflets firm, greeni.sh or slightly glaucous below, the upper obionj;. 3 4 
in. long, narrowed gradually to a point, the lower shorter round-ovat*>. Panirle 
broad, about as long as the leaves, made up of distant congested clusters, the 
main branches spreading or even deflexed. Flower and pod just like those of I), 
latifolia. 

Var. obtusifolia ; leaflets oblong or obovate-oblong obtuse emarginate 3-5 in. 
long. — Birma, Griffith, Knrz. 

4. D. Cbampioiil, Thwaites Enum. PI. Zeyl. 96; scandent, leaflets 1-5 



232 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Dalhergia. 

oblong acute, flowers in lax axillary panicles with subcorymbose branches, 
pedicels as long as the calyx, pod not veined opposite the solitary seed. Benth. 
in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 39. D. pseudo-sissoo, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 128 ? 

Ceyton, Gardner, Walker, &c. — Distrib, Malay isles. 

Branches glabrous, twining. 'Leaflets firm, glabrous, green on both surfaces, oblong, 
2-4 in. long, rounded at the base, narrowed suddenly to a point. Panicles as long 
as or shorter than the leaves, the branches finely grey-downy. Calyx ^ in., sub- 
glabrous ; teeth short, obtuse. Corolla twice the length of the calyx ; claws of the 
petals as long as the calyx. Stamens 9. Pod strap-shaped, obtuse, 3-4 in. by 
|-| in., always 1 -seeded. 

5. D. rlmosa, Roxh. Hcyrt. Ben^. 63 ; Fl. Lnd. iii. 233 ; erect, leaflets 
5-9 oblong obtuse or acute, flowers very small in axillary and terminal panicles 
with corymbose branches, pedicels very short, pod thickened and veined opposite 
the solitary seed. Wall. Cat. 5853 ; Wight Ic. t. 262 •, Benth. in Jown. Linn. 
Soc. iv., Suppl. 32. 

Eastern Himalayas, tropical zone, ascending to 4000 ft. ; Khasia, Silhet, Assam. 

Leaf-TSichis straight, 2-4 in. long; leaflets moderately firm, oblong or obovate- 
oblong, 2-4 in. long, bright green above, grey with a thiu coating of grey short 
adpressed hairs beneath. Panicles broad and corymbose, with finely grey-downy 
branches, the very numerous small flowers in crowded corymbs. Calyx ^ in., 
finely downy ; teeth obtuse, subequal, about as long as the tube. Corolla white, 
twice as long as the calyx ; claws of the petals very short. Pod oblong, glabrous, 
2-3 in. by 1-1;^ in., much thickened opposite the large seed. Seeds very rarely 2. 

6. D. follacea, Wall. Cat. 5856 A, 0, D ; erect, leaflets 9-13 elongate- 
oblong obtuse or acute, flowers small mostly in ample terminal panicles with 
corymbose branches, pedicels short, pod thickened and veined opposite the 
usually solitary seed. Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 41. 

Forests of Ava, Pegu, and Martaban. 

Leaf-va.c\i\s straight, 3-4 in. long ; leaflets rigidly subcoriacenus, glabrous, not 
glaucous beneath. Panicle ^^ ft., the main branches wide-spreading, rather 
decurved, the branchlets clothed with thin grey-brown pubescence. Calyx ^2 i^' 
finely downy, the lowest tooth about as long as the tube. Corolla twice the length 
of the calyx, the claws of the petals short. Pod just like that of B. ritnosa. 

** Leajletsfeiv, small. 

7. D. rublgrinosa, Boxb. Cor. PI. ii. 9, 1. 115 ; Fl. lnd. iii. 231 ; scandent, 
leaflets 5-7 oblong obtuse glabrous beneath, flowers in short crowded axillary 
panicles, pedicels very short, petal-claws as long as the calyx, ovaries 3-4-ovuled. 
DC. Prodr. ii. 416 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 266 ; Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., 
Suppl. 43. 

Western Peninsula. — Distrib. South China. 

Habit of D. monosperma, from which it may be readily known ' by the stamens 
and ovary. Branches glabrous, twining. Leaflets firm, not conspicuously veined, 
1-2 in. long, rather glaucous beneath. Panicles 1-2 in. long, sessile, ihe branchlets 
finely pubescent. Calyx scarcely i in. long, finely browu-silky, with a pair of small 
obtuse persistent bracteoles ; teeth short, obtuse. Corolla twicei the length of the 
calyx. Pod unknown. 

8. D. congresta, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5872 ; scandent, leaflets 7-11 
oblong obtuse more or less clothed with brown pubescence beneath, flowers in 
short crowded axillary panicles, pedicels very short, petal-claws as long as the 
calyx, pod 1-2-seeded not veined opposite the seeds. W. Sf A. Prodr. 265 ; 
Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 43. D. Gardneriana, Benth. loc. cit. 



Valbergia.] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 233 

NiLGHiuis, Noton, Gardner, &c. 

Closely allied to D. rubiginosa, of which it is perhaps a variety. Branchlets and 
leaves below at first densely clothed with brown pubescence. Leaflets very thick, 
1-1^ in. long, emarginate. Panicles 1-2 in. long, dense, the branches densely brown- 
velvety. Pedicels ^-jj in. Calyx ^ in., with a pair of conspicuous adpressed 
bract^oles ; teeth short. Corolla twice the length of the calyx. Pod thin, brown, 
glabrous, distinctly stalked, strap-shaped, 1^-2| in. by \ in. 

9. I>. cultrata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5861 ; erect, leaflets 7-11 obovate- 
oblong obtuse emarginate glabrous, flowers in short a.x^illary fascicled panicles 
with racemose branches, pedicels as long as the calyx, petal-claws .>^hort, pod 
1-3-seeded not veined opposite the seeds. Benth. in Joum. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 
39. 

Prome Hili,s, Walllch. Pegit, McClelland. 

General habit like that of D. lanceolaria. Branches and leaves below glabrous. 
Leaflets H-2 in. long, moderately firm, green on both sides. Flowers in copious 
rather lax panicles, with slender ascending subglabrous branches. Calyx ^ in., sub- 
glabrous ; teeth short. Corolla twice the calyx. Pod just likft that of D. lanceolaria, 
from which it can only be distinguished by the flowers. 

*** Lea/lets many, snicill, 

10. D. Jung'huhnii, Benth. PI. Jungh. i. 254 ; scandent, leaflets 9-15 
oblong glabrous obtuse, flowers minute mostly in ample terminal panicles with 
crowded cymose branches, pedicels and petal-claws very short, pod oblong not 
veined opposite the solitary seed. Benth. in Joum. Linn. Soc. iv., SuppL 33. 
D. parviflora, Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 225 ? 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. — DisTRiB. Malay isles. 

Branches slender, glabrous, often twisted. Leaves 2-3 in. long ; leaflets thick, 
rigid, ^-Ij in. long, truncate or emarginate, glabrous, slightly glaucous below. 
Branches of the panicle downy, the ultimate branchlets forming distinct scorpioid 
cymes. Calyx glabrous, under j^ in. ; teeth short, obtuse, the lowest the longest. 
Corolla ^ in. Pod thin, membranous, greenish, glabrous, distinctly stalked, 2J-3 in. 
by 1-1^ in. 

11. I>. confertiflora, Benth. PI. Jungh. i. 255; scandent, leaflets 11-15 
oblong glabrous obtuse, flowers mostly in ample terminal panicles ^vith crowded 
corymbose branches, pedicels and petal-claws short, pod 1-2-seeded strap-.-^haped 
rather veined opposite the seeds. Benth. in Joum. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 41. 
D. paniculata, Wall. Cat. 5848, E & I, ev parte. 

OuDH and Sillet, Wallich. Concan, Stocks. 

Habit of D. volnbilis, from which it can only be- safely distinguished by the 
stamens. Leaves 4-6 in. long; leaflets moderately firm, 1-2 in. long, obtuse or 
emarginate, much paler below than above, but scarcely glaucous. Branches of the 
panicle densely pubescent. Calyx ^ in. ; upper teeth short, obtuse, lowest lance<}late. 
Corolla not more than half as long again as the calyx. Pari thin, glabrous, brownish, 
2-3 in. by f-j in., narrowed to the point and to a stalk nearly half an inch long. 

12. D. velutina, Benth. PI. Jungh. 255 ; scandent, leaflets 13-17 oblong 
obtuse ferragineo-pubescent, flowers in ped uncled a.\illary panicles with corym- 
bose branches, pedicels short, petal-claws long, pod l-.'3-seeded stmp-shaped not 
veined opposite the seeds. Benth. in Joum. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 43. 1). stipu- 
lata, Wall. Cat. 5868 A, B ev parte. 

Khasia, Silhet, and Eastern Pknixsi'la. 

Branches, pedicels, and leaves, especially on the underside, at first densely clothed 
with dark brown tomentum. Leaves 6-9 in. long ; leaflets moderately firm, not 



234 L. LEGUMTNOS-S. (J. G. Baker.) [T)alhergia. 

veined, rather glaucous beneath, 1^2 in. long ; stipules large, lanceolate, velvety, more 
persistent than in the other species. Panicle distinctly peduncled, ^-^ as long as the 
leaves, the branches densely brown-pubescent, spreading or ascending; pedicels 
shorter than the calyx, furnished with small subpersisrent bracts and bracteoles. 
Calyx ^ in. ; upper teeth very short ; lowest lanceolate, rather longer. Corolla twice 
the calyx. 'Pod thin, obtuse, brownish, short-stalked, 2-3^ in. by |-| in. 

13. D. Stocksil, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv/, Suppl. 42 ; scandent, 
leaflets 11-15 oblong obtuse with a few obscure adpressed hairs, flowers in 
copious axillary panicles with corymbose branches, pedicels and petal-claws 
short, pod thin oblong veined opposite the large usually solitary seed. 

CoNCAN, Stocks. 

Branches finely grey-downy. Leaves 4-5 in. long ; leaflets thin for the genus, 
|-1 in. long, emarginate, with only a few obscure short adpressed hairs below when 
mature. Panicles copious, distinctly peduncled, nearly or quite as long as the leaves ; 
branches slender, densely finely grey-downy, densely corymbose at the tip, the lower 
ones distant. Calyv oblique, ^ in., densely grey-downy ; teeth half as long as the 
tube. Corolla twice the length of the calyx. Pod quite characteristic, thin, glabrous, 
|-1^ in. by ^ in., the usually solitary seed filling up the greater part, subacute, 
cuneate at the base with a very long stalk. 

14. ]>. sympathetica, Nimmo in Grah. Cat. Bomh. PI. 55 ; scandent, 
leaflets 11-15 oblong obtuse thinly grey-silky, flowers in dense short axillary 
panicles with dense corymbose branches, pedicels and petal-claws short, pod. 
thin greenish oblong 1-2-seeded not veined opposite the seeds. Benth. PI. Jungh. 
255 ; Journ, Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 42 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. Bomh. Fl. 78. D. fron- 
dosa. Wall. Cat. 5855 B ; W. Sr A. Prodr. 266, ex parte ( Wt. Herh. 918). 
D. ferruginea, Hohen. PI. Can. Exsic. No. 343, nan Itoxh. 

Hills of the Western Peninsula. 

Truvk armed with strong large curved thorns, the branches often twisted, the 
young ones finely grey-downy. Leaves 4-6 in. long; leaflets moderately firm, obtuse 
or emarginate, |-1 in. long, thinly silky at first, especially beneath. Panicles dis- 
tinctly peduncled, with finely downy ascending curved branches, the ultimate l)ranch- 
lets secund. CaJyx ^ in., silky, with a pair of small obtuse adpressed bracteoles ; 
teeth short, obtuse. Corolla twice the length of the calyx. Pod membranous, obtuse, 
2-3 in. by f-1 in., with an unusually short stalk. — Closely resembles L. volubilis in 
leaves and general habit. 

15. D. tamarlndifolia, Roxh. HoH. Beng. 53; FI. Ind. iii. 233; 
scandent, leaflets 25-41 thinly pubescent crowded trapezoid-oblong, flowers in 
congested sessile axillary panicles with corymbose branches, pedicels short, 
p3tal-claws as long as the calyx, pod thin 1-3-seeded strap-shaped not veined 
opposite the seeds. Wight. Jc. t, 242 ; Wall. Cat. 5870 ; Benth. in Journ. Linn. 
Soc. iv., Sxppl. 44. D. livida, Wall. Cat. 5866 A, ex parte, B. D. rufa,'and 
D. multijuga, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5864, 5865. D. Blmnei, Hassk. PI. Jav. 
Bar. 400. Derris pinnata. Lour. Fl. Cochin. 432. 

Eastern Himalayas ; Nipal, Sikkim, Silhet, Khasia. ascending to 4000 ft., and 
frequent down the gulf to Malacca. Hills of Western Peninsula. — Distrib. Malay 
isles. 

Branches densely clothed with fine brown- pubescence. Leaves \-^ foot ; leaflets 
quite different in shape to that of all the other species, nearly sessile, caducous, 
moderately firm, ^-1 in. long, glaucous, thinly clothed with brown pubescence 
beneath, especially on the midrib. Panicles sessile, 1-2 in. long, the branches densely 
brown -pubescent ; pedicels shorter than the calyx; bracts and bracteoles minute, 
downy, persistent. Calyx ^ in., downy; teeth short, obtuse. Corolla white, 2-3 
times the length of the calyx ; blade of the standard orbicular. Stamens 10. Pod 
thin, bright brown, glabrous, long-stalked, 1^-3 in. by ^-| in. 



Balhergia.'] L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 235 

Var. 1. puhescens; branches and leaves below clothed with persistent dense thick 
pubescence. — Concan, Stocks. 

Var. 2. acaciafolia ; leaflets thicker very oblique rigidly coriaceous glabrous 
bright green above glaucous beneath. D. acaciaefolia, Dais, in Kew Jownx. ii. 37. — 
Concan. 

Sfugen. 2. Z>alberg-arla, Benth. Sheath of filaments slit both aloij}>r 
the top and bottom, so that the stamens are in two bundles containing five each. 
Pod straight, thin, l-3-8eeded. 

16. I>. lanceolarla, Linn.-, DC. Piodr. ii. 417; erect, leaflets 11-15 
glabrous obtuse, flowers in copious ample terminal and axiUary panicles with 
corymbose branches, pedicels bracteate as long as the calyx, calyx-teeth rearly 
as long as the tube, pod glabrous usually 1 -seeded rather thickened and veined 
opposite the seed. Bmth. in Joum. Linn. Soc. iw, Suppl. 45; Dalz. <^ Gibs. 
Bomb. Fl. 78. D. frondosa, Roxb. Hort. Benrj. 53 ; FL Ind. iii. i>26 ; DC. 
Prodr. ii. 417 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 266, in part ; Wight Ic. t. 266 ; Wall. Cat. 
5855, A, C, D ; Bedd. FL Stjlv. 88. D. zevlanica, Ro.vb. Hort. Beng. 53 ; 
Fl. Ind. iii. 228 ; Wall. Cat. 6847. D. arborea, Heyne ; DC. Prodr. ii. 417. 
D. robusta, Wall. Cat. 6849 A. D. hircina, Wall. Cat. 5871 A, not B. 

Plains from the Western Himalayas to Ceylon. 

An erect tree, reaching 60-80 feet in height, with glabrous branches. Lca^'es 3-6 
in. long ; leaflets rigidly siibcoriaceous, with slightly raised veins, green al>ove, paler 
and rather glaucous below, 1-2 in. long, rounded at both ends, emarginate at the 
apex. Bra?iches of the panicle wMe-spreading, silky or subglabrous. Calyx ^ in., 
more or less silky ; teeth obtuse, the lowest rather longer. Corolla 2-3 times as long 
as the calyx, the standard \ in. broad, with a large callosity at the base of the limb, 
the keel much shorter than the wings. Pod 1|^-+ in. by |-| in., bright brown, 
flexible, narrowed to the point and gradually at the base into a long stalk. 

17. D. purpurea, WaU. Cat. 6869 ; scandent, leaflets 11-13 glabrous 
obtuse, flowers in copious ample terminal and axillary panicles with corymbose 
branches, pedicels ebracteate as long as the calyx, calyx-teeth much shorter 
than the tube, pod glabrous 1-seeded rather thickened and veined opposite the 
seed. Benth. in Joum. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 46. 

Martaban, Wallich, Griffith. Pegu, Kurz. 

Closely allied to D. lanceolarla, from which it differs by its scandent habit, 
smaller flowers (under \ in. long), and shorter calyx-teeth. 

18. I>. volubilis, Roxb. Cor. PI. ii. 48, t. 191 ; Fl. hid. iii. 231 ; scan- 
dent, leaflets 11-13 glabrous obtuse, flowers in copious ample termi ml and 
axillary panicles with corymbose branches, pedicels very short ebracteate, calyx- 
teeth minute, pod glabrous 1-2-seeded rather thickened and veined opposite th*» 
seed. DC. P'odr. ii. 417; Wall. Cat. 5874; W. ^ A. P'odr. 265; BetUh. in 
Joum. Linn. Soc. iv., Supjil. 46 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 78. 

Central and Eastern Himalayas, to Pegu and Ceylon. 

Closely allied to the two preceding. Branches of the panicle densely clothed with 
brown velvety pubescence, the main ones horizontal or even decurved, the ultimate 
corymbs densely congested. Calyx ^ in. long, densely velvety. Corolla 2-3 times 
the length of the calyx. Pod just like that of B. lanceolaria. 

19. D. assamica, Benth. PI. Jungh. 255; scandent, leaflets 15-21 
obtuse glabrous or nearly so, flowers in axillary panicles much shorter than the 
leaves with corymbose branches, pedicels as long as the calyx, calyx-teeth 
nearly as long as the tube, pod glabrous flexible 1-2-seeded. Benth. in Joum. 
Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 46. 



23G L. LEGUMINOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Balhergia. 

Tropical Himalayas, from Kumaon eastwards ; Assam, Griffith, Jenkins. 

A twiner, with glabrous branches. Leaves 6-10 in. long; leaflets the same shape 
and size as in D. lanceolaria, but rather thinner, with a few hairs at the beginning on 
the under surface. Panicles deltoid, moderately close, 3-4 in. long, with slender fine 
silky branches. Calyx ^ in., finely silky, the lowest tooth lanceolate, as long as the 
tube, the others obtuse, rather shorter. Corolla under \ in. Pod just like that of D. 
lanceolaria. 

20. D. paniculata, Roxh. Cor. PI. ii. 8, t. 114 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 227 ; erect, 
leaflets 9-15 obtuse glabrous or nearly so, flowers in copious axillary and ter- 
minal panicles with racemoso-corymbose branchlets, pedicels very short, calyx- 
teeth as long as the tube, pod glabrous 1-3-seeded rather thickened and veined 
opposite the seeds. DC. Prodr. ii. 417; IF. ^ A. Pt'odr. 265; Wcdl. Cat. 
5848, A to D; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. FL 78; Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., 
Suppl. 45 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 88. 

Plains of the Western PENiNsiriiA. 

A tall erect tree, the ultimate branches clothed with short erect grey-brown silky 
pubescence. Leaflets like those of D. lanceolaria in shape, size and texture. Panicle 
\eTj different, mainly terminal, but much less ample, the branches always densely 
dotted with brown silky pubescence, the main ones erecto-patent. Calyx ^ in., sub- 
sessile, densely silky. Corolla twice the length of the calyx, the limb of the standard 
not more than ^ in. broad, without any callosity at the base, the keel much shorter 
than the other petals. Poc^ just like that of L. lanceolaria. 

21. I>. g'lomeriflora, Ku7'z in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 70 ; 
erect, leaflets 7-9 acute slightly pubescent beneath, flowers in congested 
panicles, pedicels nearly obsolete, calyx-teeth obtuse, pod unknown. 

BiRMA, at Prome, Kurz. 

A middle-sized erect tree, with fulvo-tomentose branchlets. Leaflets ovate-oblong 
or obovate, 2-2^ in. long, thinly coriaceous, glabrous above. Pawic^e. subcapitate, 
with villose branches. Calyx glabrous, ^ in. Corolla white, a little longer than the 
calyx. — Ex Kurz loc. cit. 

22. Z>. bircina, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 46 ; erect, leaflets 
17-25 obtuse both surfaces clothed with short persistent grey hairs, flowers in 
short congested axillary corymbose panicles, pedicels ebracteate as long as the 
calyx, calyx-teeth nearly as long as the tube, pod small glabrous 1-3-seeded 
slightly thickened but not veined opposite the seeds. Wall. Cat. 5871 B, 
not A. 

Central and Eastern Himalayas, tropical zone ; from G-arwhal and Kumaon to 
Bhotan, ascending to 4000 ft. 

Leaf-rackis 6-10 in. long, finely grey-downy ; leaflets obtuse at both ends, firm, 
with veins rather raised, emarginate at the apex, l-H in. long. Paiiicles short- 
peduncled, 1-2 in. long, with densely pubescent ascending branches. Calyx y^ in. 
long, densely pubescent. Corolla scarcely more than twice the length of the calyx ; 
standard obovate, ^ in. broad ; keel distinctly shorter than the wings. Pod much 
smaller than that of its allies, often 3-4-seeded, 1-1^ in. by \ in., obtuse or subacute, 
narrowed gradually into a stalk twice as long as the calyx. 

23. I>. Thomsoni, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 33 ; scandent, 
leaflets 9-11 glabrous obtuse, flowers in copious ample terminal and axillary 
panicles, ultimate branches secund cymose, pedicels very short minutely brac- 
teate, calyx-teeth minute, pod thin gTeenish rather oblique slightly thickened 
and veined opposite the solitary seed. 

Upper Assam, Gri-ffi.th. Kasia, 2-4000 ft.. Hook. fil. ^- Thomson. 



Dalbergia.] L. LEGUMIN0S2E. (J. G Baker.) 237 

A climber, with even the branches of inflorescence nearly glabrous. Leaflets very 
firm in texture, greenish on both surfaces, ^-1 in. long, obtuse, slightly emarginate. 
Inflorescence mainly terminal, the principal branches erecto-patcnt, the ultimate ones 
forming distinct elongated .«corpioid cymes. Flowers much smalk-r than in any of its 
neigh])0ur8 and very deciduous, the minute pedicels subtended liy lanceolate bracts as 
long as themselves. Calyx ^^ in., subglabrous. Corolla under j| in. long. Pod 2-2^ 
in. by | in., thin and not turning brown, narrowed from the middle to a very short 
stalk, the lower suture much more rounded than the upper one. 

24. I>. cana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5859; scandent, leaflets 15-10 acute 
glabrescent, flowers in short axillary panicles with corymbose branchlet«i, 
pedicels ebracteate as long as the calyx, calyx-teeth shorter than the tube, pod 
thin flat one-seeded softly pubescent not at all thickened or veined opposite the 
seed. Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 70. 

MouLMEiN, Wallich. Pegu and Martaban, Kurz. 

Branches, leaf-rachises and leaves below thinly clothed with deciduous brown 
silky hairs. Leaves ^1 ft. long; leaflets .rieidly subcoriaceous. 1^-2^ in. long, 
rounded at the base, narrowed to a point, the veinlets rather raised on the undcr.surface. 
Panicles sparse, much shorter than the leaves, the erecto-patent branches finely 
brown-silky. Calyx subglabrous, ^-^ in. ; teeth lanceolate-deltoid. Corolla twice 
the length of the calyx. Pod strap-shaped, straight, 2-2^ in. by ^-^ in., pale dull 
brown, narrowed suddenly at the base to a stalk twice as long as the calyx. 

25. D. stipulacea, Eo.vb. Hort. Beng. 53 ; Fl. Inch iii. 2.33 ; scandent 
leaflets 17-25 obtuse glabrous or nearly so, flowers in copious axillary panicles 
with elongated racemose branches, pedicels longer than the calyx with con- 
spicuous persistent bracts and bracteoles, calyx-teeth as long as the tube, pod 
firm glabrous one-seeded thickened and veined opposite the seed. Wight Ic. t. 
453 ; Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 47. D. ferruginea. JRo.ih. Fl. Ind. 
iii. 228. D. tingens. Wall. Cat. 6860. D. cassioides. Wall. Cat. 5863. D. 
livida, Wall. Cat. 6866 A. in part. D. rostrata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 6867. 

Eastern Himalayas, tropical zone, ascending to 4000 ft. in Sikkim ; Assam, Kila.sia, 
Selhet, Chittagong, Pegu, Martabax, Tenasserim. — Distrib. Malay isles. 

Branches glabrous, or at first finely grey-downy. Lcaf-rachis 4-6 in. long : 
leaflets moderately firm, obtuse, 1-1 5 in. long, glabrous, or at first minutely hairy 
beneath, green above, subglaucous beneath. Panicles much shorter than the leaves, 
with only a few lax ascending branches, the inflorescence readily distinguishable 
from that of all the others by the conspicuous persistent ol)lanceolate glabrous bracts 
and bracteoles. Calyx subglabrous, ^ in. long; lowest tooth linear, exceeding the 
others. Corolla purplish, twice the length of the calyx ; blade of the standard 
roundish. Pod the largest and thickest of the group, 2-4 in. by 1 in., strap-shaped, 
obtuse, narrowed suddenly into a stalk twice as long as the calyx. 

SuBGEN. 3. Selenolobium, Benth. Stamon.<i in two bundles of 5 each. 
Pod obliquely orbicular-obloug, rather recurved, usually 1-seeded. 

26. D. monosperxna, Dalz. in Kew Journ. Bot. ii. 36 ; scandent. spine- 
less, leaflets 5-7 obtu.'^e moderately small, pod flat. Dalz. S' Gihs. Bomh. Fl. 7>^ ; 
Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 48. 1). torta, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5S7!». 
D. paniculata, Wall. Cat. 5848 I, e.v parte. 

Shores of the Western Peninstla, Ceylon and Malayan Peninsila. — Dlstuih. 
Malay isles, China, Philippines. N. Australia. 

A wide-twining shrub, with lithe much-twisted black glalirous branches, leaflets 
usually 5, obovate-oblong. glabrous, olytuse, often emarginate, 1-1. i in. long. FUtwers 
in sessile congested axillary panicles, 1-2 in. long, the branches only inconspicuously 
downy; pedicels shorter than the calyx. Calyx ^ in., subglabrous, with a pair of 



288 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Dalbergia. 

minute obtuse bracteoles ; teeth short, obtuse. Corolla } in. ; claws as long as the 
calyx; standard narrow. Pod brown, flat, glabrous, under 1 in. long, the uppor 
suture recurved ; stalk as long as the Cidyx. 

27. 1>. spinosa, Hoib. Fl. Ind. ill. 233; erect, brancklets spine-tipped, 
leaflets 7-9 small obtuse, pod flat. W. i^- A. Prodr. 266 ; Bmth. in Journ, 
Linn. Soc. iv., Supjyl. 49. i). homda, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5S77. 

Shores of the Eastern and Western Pekiksijlas. Chittagong, Roxburgh. 

A stiff erect shrub, with numerous short round horizontal branchlets, ending in 
pungent spines. Leaves crowded, from the nodes of the branchlets, 1-1^ in. long ; 
leaflets firm, obovate-oblong, \-^ in. long. Flowers in congested sessile corymbose 
panicles, with minutely downy branches ; pedicels shorter than the calyx. Calf^x 
^ in., minutely downy ; teeth short, obtuse. Corolla whitisli, twice the length ot the 
calyx. Pod 1 in. long, brown, glabrous, reniform. 

28. D. reniformls, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 53; Fl. Ind. iii. 226; erect, 
spineless, leaflets 9-11 large acute nearly or quite glabrous, pod turgid. 
Wight Ic. t. 261. D. flexuosa, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5875. Bmth. in Jaui-n, 
Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 48. D. stipulata. Wall. Cat. 5868 B, ex parte. 

SiLLET, Roxburgh, Wallich. Pegu, Kurz. Tenasserim, Griffith. 

A large crooked bushy tree, with fine brown-silky branchlets. Leaves 4-8 in. 
long; leaflets rigidly coriaceous, glabrescent, 1^2 in. long, broadly rounded at the 
base. Flowers in deltoid close axillary panicles, shorter than the leaves, the branch- 
lets racemose, densely brown-velvety. Calyx ^ in., campantilate, densely silky; teeth 
deltoid, shorter than the tube. Corolla tvrice the length of the calyx, white; 
standard obovate-emarginate. Pod glabrous, rigid, usually one-seeded, an inch broad 
by \-^ in., narrowed suddenly into a stalk \-^ in. long. 

IMPERFECTLY KNOWN SPECIES. 

29. X>. stenocarpa^ Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xliv. 2, 205. 

Shrub, with the young parts clothed with golden or fulvous silky pubescence. 
Leavis 5-8 in. long ; leaflets 9-13, oblong, 1-1| in. long, retuse, with a minute mucro, 
chartaceous, glaucescent and thinly pilose beneath. Panicles axillary, much shorter 
than the leaves; rachises pilose; pedicels ^ in. Calyx ^ in., pilose; upper tooth 
very short, obtuse ; lower very long, subulate. Corolla and stamens unknown. Pod 
linear, 1-2 in. by ^ in., flat, brown, thin, narrowed gradually to a long stalk, indis- 
tinctly veined, 1-5 seeded. Pod of Z>. Sissoo and habit of B. lanceolaria. Sikkim at 
Pankabari, Gamble. — Ex Kurz loc. cit. 

87. PTBROCARPUS, Linn. 
Erect trees. Leaves with alternate coriaceous exstipellate leaflets. Flowers 
yellowish, in copious panicled racemes ; bracts and bracteoles minute, caducous ; 
pedicels distinctly articulated at the apex. Calyx turbinate, curved before ex- 
pansion, the teeth short. Petals exserted, with long claws ; standard and wings 
crisped ; keel obtuse, the petals scarcely or not at all coherent. Staminal sheath 
slit both above and below, or above only ; the upper stamen often nearly or quite 
free ; anthers versatile. Ovary stalked, 2-ovuled ; style incurved, stigma termi- 
nal. Pod orbicular, rarely other than 1-seeded, with a broad rigid wing, the point 
turned down to opposite the base or near it. — Distrib. Species about 15 ; 
cosmopolitan in the Tropics. 

1. P. indicus, Willd. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 419 ; leaflets 7-11 ovate acute, 
veining fine, racemes panicled, pedicels as long as the calyx, stamens 2-3- 
adelphous, stalk of pod exceeding the calyx, beak of pod a space above the outer 
base. Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 77 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 23. P. 
dalbergioides, Poxb. Hort. Beng. 53 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 236 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 418 ; 
Wall. Cat. 5843 ; W. <§• A. Prodr. 267. P. Wallichii, W. ^' A. Prodr. loc. cit. 



Pterocarpus.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 239 

Eastkhx and Western Pexinstjlas. — Distrib. Malay isles, Philippines, China. 

A tall tree, with ascending glabrous branches. Leaves ^| ft. long ; leaflets mo- 
derately firm, 2-4 in. long, glabrous, rounded or deltoid at the base, always narrowed 
to a point ; petiolules ^-| in. ; main veins fine, distant. Flowers in copious terminal 
and axillary panicles, with subsecund racemose branches, clothed with fine brown pu- 
bescence; pedicels |-| in., furnished with a pair of linear spreading caducous bracte- 
oles at the apex Calyx \-\ in., finely brown-silky ; teeth rounded, the two upper 
much the largest. Corolla exceeding the calyx ; standard |— 1 in. broad. Pod orbicular, 
2 in. broad, silky and veined against the seed, the wing |-| in broad, the style a con- 
siderable distance above the base, pointing outwards, at a right angle with the stalk. 

2. P. macrocarpus, Kurz in Joum. Aaiat. Soc. Beng. xliii. 2, 187 ; 
leaflets 7-11 ovate-obiono: pointed, racemes simple, pedicels as long as the calyx, 
stamens diadelphous, beak of pod at the basal corner. 

Marta3An and Tenasserim, Kurz. 

A tree, with fulvo-pubescent branchlets. Leaves ^-§ ft. ; rachis fulvo-puberulous ; 
leaflets coriaceous, 1^-2^ in. long, at first fulvo-pubescent beneath ; petiolules y^-^ in. 
i?acg7»«s simple, axillary, fulvo-pubescent; pedicels \-^ in. Calyx \ in., velvety. 
Corolla slightly exceeding the calyx. Pod canescent, roundish, 1^-2 in. broad ; wings 
subplicate. Ex Kurz loc. cit. • 

3. P. santallnus, Linn.Jil. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 419 ; leaflets 3 ovate obtuse, 
Teining fine, pedicels rather shorter than the calyx, stamens 2-3-adelphoiis, stalk 
of pod much exceeding the calyx, beak of pod at the basal corner. Roxh. Fl. 
Ind. iii. 234 ; Wall. Cat. 5844 ; W. 8f A. Frodr. 266 ; Benth. in Joum. Linn. 
Soc. iv., Suppl. 76 ; Bedd. Fl. Svlv. t. 22. 

Western Peninsula. 

Branches obscurely grey-downy. Leaflets 3 in all our specimens, but said to be 
sometimes 5, 2-4 in. long, rounded at both ends, slightly emarginate, clothed with ob- 
scure adpressed grey hairs below. Racemes shorter and less copious than in P. indi- 
cus, the pedicels shorter. Calyx ^-l in. ; teeth deltoid, minute. Limb of standard not 
longer than the calyx. Pod silky at first, the same size as in P. indicus, but the centre 
more turgid, wing narrower and style brought down to the basal comer. 

4. P. Marsuplum, Roib. Cor. PL ii. t. 116; Fl. Ind. iii. 234 ; leaflets 
5-7 oblong usually ohtuse, veins close and prominent, pedicels shorter than the 
calyx, stamens monadelphous, stalk of pod scarcely exceeding the calvx, beak ot 
pod at the basal corner. DC. Prodr. ii. 418 ; Tr.> A. P-odr. 266 ; 'Wall. Cat. 
5842 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 21 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 76. P. bilobus, Ro.vb. 
MSS. ; O. D(m, Gen. Syst. ii. 376. 

Plains of the Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

Leaflets thicker than in the others, green and glabrous on both surfaces, 3-5 in. long, 
obtuse or subacute, sometimes slightly or deeply emarginate, often twice as long as 
broad, the main v^ins much closer, more numerous, and more prominent than in the 
others. Racemes ample, copious, lateral and terminal, the branches thinly clothed with 
brown pubescence ; pedicels ^i' h '^- C'flZt'j i-i in., finely brown-downy ; teeth deltoid, 
the two upper ones the largest. Coro/Za twice the length of the calyx; sheath of 
stamens sometimes finally split down the keel as well as the top. Pod 1-2 in. broad, 
the same shape as in the last, but the seed smaller and wing broader. 

88. PONGAXUZA, Vent. 

Arborescent or fruticose. Leaves odd-pinnate. Flowers racemed. Caly.v 
campanulate, nearly truncate. Corolla much exserted ; standard broad ; keel 
obtuse, the petals cohering at the tip. Stamens monadelphous, the upper fila- 
ment free low down ; anthers oblong, versatile. Ovary subsessile, 2-ovuled ; 



24-0 L. LEGUMINOS-E. (J. G. Baker.) [Pongamia. 

style incurved, glabrous, stiorma capitate. Pod woody, flattened, oblong, inde- 
hiscent, not at all winged or thickened at the sutures. — Distrib. A single species, 
with the habit of Dei'ris from which it differs only in the pod. 

1. P. g-labra, Vent. Jard. Malm. t. 28; DC. Prodr. ii. 416; Wall. Cat. 
5878 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 262 ; Wight Ic. t. 59 ; Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 77 ; 
Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 177. Galedupa indica, Lam. ; Roxb. Fl. Ind. iii. 239. G. 
arborea, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 53. Robinia mitis, Linn. Sp. 1044. Dalbergia 
arborea, Willd. Sp. iii. 90i. Legum. indet. Wall Cat. 6979.— Rheede Hort. 
Mai. vi. t. 3. 

Central and East Himalayas, to Ceylon and Malacca, especially near the coast. 
— Distrib. Malay isles, N. Australia, Polynesia, Seychelles. 

A tall erect tree or climber, with glabrous branches and leaves. Leaflets 5-7, op- 
posite, subcoriaceous, oblong or ovate, pointed, stalked, 2-4 in. long. Flowers in simple 
peduncled axillary racemes, nearly as long as the leaves ; pedicels 2-'l-nate, |— §• in., 
with a pair of minute bracteoles in the middle. Corolla ^ in. ; standard silky on the 
back. Pod woody, glabrous, ^-\ in. thick, 1|— 2 in. long, with a short decurved point. 

89. DERZIXS, Lour. 

Climbers, rarely erect trees. Leaves odd-pinnate, with exstipellate leaflets. 
Flowers copious, usually fascicled, showy, in axillary or terminal racemes or pa- 
nicles. Calyx campanulate, nearly truncate. Corolla much exserted ; standard 
broad ; keel obtuse, the petals cohering slightly. Stameiis usually monadelphous, 
the upper one free in § Aganope ; anthers versatile. Ovary sessile, few-ovuled ; 
style incm-ved, filiform, stigma capitate. Pod rigid, thin, flat, indehiscent, ob- 
long if one-seeded, strap-shaped if few-seeded, with a distinct wing down the 
upper or both sutures. — Distrib. Species about 40, belting the world in the 
tropics, but most abundant in our area. 

Sect. 1. B r achy pte rum, W. ^ A. Poc? thin, strap-shaped, narrow (^ in. 
or less broad), winged along the upper suture. Stamens monadelphous. Leaflets 
comparatively small. Climbers or erect trees. 

1. D. scandens, Benth. in Jowrn. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 103; scandent, 
leaflets 9-18 obtuse or acute equal at the base, flowers in very long racemes with 
distant nodes and many flowers to a fascicle with unequal pedicels. Dalbergia 
scandens, Roxb. Cor. PI. ii. t. 192 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 232 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 417 ; Wall. 
Cat. 5857 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 264 ; Wight Ic. t. 275. D. timoriensis, DC. Prodr. 
ii. 417. Pongamia coriacea, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5905. Brachypterum scandens, 
Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 7Q.— Rheede Hort. Mai. vi. t. 22. 

Eastern Himalayas, Bengal, Western Peninsula, Chittagong, Slam, Ceylon. 
— Distrib. Malay isles, China, N. Australia. 

A wide-climbing shrub, with branchlets and leaves below at first obscurely grey- 
downy. Leaves \-\ ft. long ; leaflets rigidly subcoriaceous, oblong or obovate-oblong, 
short-stalked, bright green, 1-2 in. long. Flowers in very copious short-peduncled 
simple axillary racemes, often twice as long as the leaves, with raised nodes, pro- 
duced sometimes into short branches, bearing each a cluster of pedicels g^— ^ in. long, 
the different flowers from the same node expanding at different times. Calyx ^ in., 
thinly grey-silky ; teeth obscure. Corolla pale rose, 3 times the length of the calyx. 
Ovules 6-8. Pod 1-3 in. by |— ^ in., narrowed to both pnds, 1-4-seeded, glabrous, 
turgid, and smooth against the seeds, the wing not more than ^ in. broad. 

2. I>. parviflora, Benth. in Jouim. Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 105 : scandent, 
leaflets 7-9 subacute equal at the base, flowers in simple racemes shorter than 
the leaves, jedicels 1-3-nate subequal. Brachypterum elegaus, Thwaites, 
Enum. 93. 



Derris.] L, LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 241 

Ceylon, Thwaites. 

A climber, quite glabrous in all its parts, oven the pediceJs and calyx. Leaflets 
rigidly subcoriaceous, oblong or obovate-oblong, l»-2 in. lung, greon above, rather 
glaucuus beneath. Racemes axillary, short-peduncled, 2-4 in, lung ; podiecls twice the 
length of the calyx. Calyx Cixmpauulato, y^^ in. ; teeth deltoid, minute. Corolla \ in., 
the claws of the petals as long as the calyx. Ovules 2. Pud ligulate dabrous* 
lf-2f in. by ^ in. fc. b . 

3. 1>. robusta, Benth. in Jouiiu Linn. Soc. iw. Suppl. 104; erect, leaflets 
7-10 usually acute oblique at the base, flowers iu elongated racemes, peilicels 
unequal several to a fascicle exceeding the calyx. Dalbergia robusta, liorh 
Hort. Beng. 53 ; DC. B'odr. ii. 417 ; Wight Ic. t. 244. D. Krowee, Roxb. Fl. 
Ind. iii. 229. D. Orowei, DC. I^'odr. loc. cit. Brachypterum robudtum, Dalz 
8f Gibs. Bomb. FL 77. 

Eastern Himalayas, Western Peninsula and Ceylon. 

An erect tree, 30-40 ft. high, with branchlets and leaves below obscurely grey- 
silky. Leaves \-\ ft. long; leaflets 1-2 in. long, not so coriaceous as in D. scandn'is, 
green and glabrous above, grey and obscurely silky beneath. Racemes like those of D. 
scandens, but seldom exceeding the leaves, the flowers densely fascicled and nodes 
liable to be produced iu the same way ; pedicels ^-^ in., finely grey-downy. Cob/x 
ij in. long ; teeth minute, deltoid. Corolla whitish, 3-4 times the calyx ; standard 
erect, with a round blade. Pod 1-5-seeded, narrowed to both ends, glabrous, l-2i in. 
long, I iu. broad, the wing more distinct than in D. scandejis, sometimes ^ in. 
broad. 

4. D. dalberg'ioides, Bake)- ; erect, leaflets 25-33 obtuse rather oblique 
at the base, racemes close shorter than the leaves) pedicels unequal densely 
fascicled. 

Martaban, Parish. Tenasskrim, Heifer. Malacca, Maingay. — Distrib. Java. 

A small spreading tree, 15-20 ft. high, with branchlets, pedicels and calyx brown- 
silky. Leaves 6-8 in. long; leaflets close, short-stalked, not more than an inch long, 
rounded at both ends, emarginate, rigidly subcoriaceous, glabrous, dark green above, 
pale green beneath, the veins immersed. Flowers in copious short-peduncled racemes, 
like those of D. scandens and robusta, but the nodes more crowded ; pedicels and cal\-x 
each about ^ in. long ; teeth minute, deltoid. Corolla rose-coloured, 4 times the 
length of the calyx ; blade of the standard oblong. Pod just like that of D. 
robusta. 

Sect. II. ZSuderrls. Robust climbers, with the habit of Millettia and Lon- 
chocarpus. Leajlets large. Floiuers showj', in copious axillary racemes or 
panicles, with the nodes often produced into short branchlets. Stamens mona- 
delphous. Pods flattened, broader than in the last group and distinctly winged 
down one or both sutures. 

* Pod distinctly toinged down the uppcj' suture only. 

t Leaflets few ; standard not callose at the base. (Euderris, Benlh.) 

5. D. ullg-inosa, Benf?i. IH. Jungh. i. 252 ; branches glabrous, leaflets 
3-5 middle-sized rigidly subcoriaceous oblong subacute, flowers middh^sized ia 
short-peduncled axillary racemes which are sometimes ob.-^curelv panicled. Beuth. 
in Jown. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 107; Ikdz. Sc Gibs. Bomb. I'l. 77. • Pongamia 
uliginosa, DC. P)-odr. ii. 410 ; TfT?//. Cat. 5870 ; Jl'. ^ A. L'rodr. 2(52. P. reli- 
^iosa, Wt. in Hook. Bot. Misc. iii. 301. P. triphylla, Wt. loc. cit. Suppl. t. 41. 
ualedupa uliginosa, Roib. Hort. Beng. 53; Fl. Lnd. iii. 243. Robinia uligi- 
nosa, Willd. Sp. PL iii. 1133. Dalbergia heteropJiylla, Willd.-, DC. Prodr. 
ii. 417. 



242 L. LEGUM[NOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Derris. 

Eastern Himalayas, "Westkrn Peninsula and Ceylon. — Disthib. China, N. 
Australia, Polynesia, Madagascar, Zambesi-land. 

A wide-climbing shrub, with branchlets and leaves quite glabrous from an early 
stage. Leaves distinctly petioled, ^— ^ ft. long; leaflets usually 5, distinctly stalked, 
narrowed to a point, 2-4 in. long, the lowest pair shorter, ovate, the veins not promi- 
nent on either surface. Racemes short-peduncled, 2-4 in. long, the lower nodes often 
produced into short branches ; pedicels fascicled, as long as the calyx. Calyx cam- 
panulate, ^^ in., subglabrous ; teeth obscure. Corolla rose-red, f in. long ; blade of 
standard round, not callose. Pod sessile, glabrous, 1-2-seeded, obliquely roundish or 
oblong, 1-H in. by 1 in., thin, flat, prominently veined, with a distinct narrow wing to 
the upper suture. — A plant gathered at Malacca by Griffith differs by its thicker and 
more rigid leaves and longer pedicels. It is referred by Benthara to D. trifoliata, 
Jjour. Fl. Cochin. 433 (D. affinis, Benth. PI. Jungh. i. 252), but the pod is unknown. 

6. D. vestita, Bake)- ; branches clothed with dense brown pubescence, 
leaflets 6 large obovate-oblong rigidly coriaceous, flowers middle-sized in ses- 
sile congested axillary racemes. 

Malacca, Maingay, 

A climber, with the branches and under surface of the leaves densely covered with 
soft short brown pubescence. Leaflets 3-6 in. long, glabrous and rather glossy above, 
rather rounded at the base, pointed, with conspicuous main veins raised on the under- 
surfece. Panicles 1-2 in. long, sometimes fascicled ; pedicels equalling or rather exceed- 
ing the calyx. Calyx -^ in., finely pubescent ; teeth obscure. Corolla red, f in. long ; 
standard with a round not callose blade. Pod just like that of D. uliginosa in texture, 
veining and shape, but thinly clothed with fine brown pubescence. 

7. 2>. elegrans, Benth. PL Jungh. i. 252 ; branches clothed with fine 
brown pubescence, leaflets 5-7 large obovate-oblong subcoriaceous, flowers large 
in short sessile axillary racemes. Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 109. Pon- 
gamia elegans and P. floribunda, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5883, 5884. 

BiRMA ; Phanoe and Trogla hills, Wallich. Tenasserim, Griffith. 

Leaves, including the petiole, a foot long, thin but subcoriaceous, thinly clothed be- 
neath with evanescent fine brown pubescence ; leaflets narrowed to a subobtuse point, 
rounded at the base, the end one 6-8 in. long. Racemes dense or sublax, 2-4 in. long, 
clothed with fine brown pubescence on the rachis and pedicels ; pedicels ^\ in., the 
lower nodes sometimes produced. Calyx under ^ in., broadly campanulate ; teeth ob- 
scure. Corolla bright red, ^ in. long ; blade of standard round, not callose. Poc? just 
like that of B. vestita. 

8. D. panlculata, Benth. in Jown. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 105; branchlets 
clothed with fine very short brown pubescence, leaflets 5-7 middle-sized obovate- 
oblong rigidly coriaceous, flowers very small in copious peduncled elongated 
panicles. Brachypterum Benthami, Thwaites Enum. 93. 

Ceylon, Walker, Thwaites. 

Branches slender, terete, soon glabrescent. Leaflets subacute, rounded at the base, 
thick and rigid in texture, 2-4 in. long, not prominently veined, glabrescent from an 
early stage. Panicles copious, reaching a foot long, with numerous slender curved 
branches, clothed with finely silky brown pubescence ; pedicels — ^ in. Calyx ^ in., 
between tubular and campanulate, brown-silky, with short obscure teeth. Corolla red, 
\ in. long. Pod 1-2-seeded, 1-2 in. by f in., rigid in texture, turgid against 
s, persist( 
the upper suture. 

ft Leajlets many. Standard with two callosities at the hose of the limb. 
(Paraderris, Benth.) 

0. D. oblongpai Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 112 : branches 



Derris.] L. leguminosa:. (J. G. Baker.) 243 

subg^labrous, leaflets 9-15 small oblono^ or oblanceolate-oblon^r, racemes much 
shorter than the leaves, standard frlabroiis, pod broad. D. ovalifolia, Benth PL 
Junqh. i. 252, in part ; Thwaites Enum. 1)2. Pongamia elongata, Grah. in Wall. 
Cat. 6915, 710^ 5886. 

CoNCAN, Stocks. Ceylon, Gardner, &L(t. 

The most like a Dalberqia in foliage of the species of this section, but very different 
in the flowers. Leaves distinctly petioled, not more than half a foot long; leaflets the 
smallest of the group, 1^-2^ in. long by ^-^ in., obtuse or subacute, quite glabrous, 
rigidly subcoriaceous when mature, rather glaucous beneath, the veins immersed. Ra- 
cemes copious, moderately close, subsessile, many of the nodes produced into short 
spreading branchlets ; pe<licels rather exceeding the calyx, finely grey-silky. Calyx 
^ in. long. Corolla \ in. long; standard reflexed, nearly ^ in. broad. P«£ one-seeded 
in all our specimens, oblong, Hin. by"f-|- in., thin but firm, glabrous, with a distinct 
wing down the upper suture. 

10. D. cuneifolia, Benth. PI. Jungh. i. 253; branches subglabrous, leaflets 
5-11 middle-sized obovate-oblong subcoriaceous, racemes much shorter than the 
leaves, standard glabrous, pod narrow. Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 
112. Galedupa marginata, i?ar6. .Hbr^. 5e?i<7. 53; Fl. Lnd. iii. 241. Ponga- 
mia marginata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5896. P. cuneifolia and P. monadelpha, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5887, 5906. P. obovata, Wall. Cat. 5897. 

Eastern Himalayas, Nipax, and Sikkim ; ascending to 5000 ft. in Sijlhet and 
Eastern Peninsula. 

Leaves distinctly-petioled, ^f ft. long; leaflets usually 5-7, moderately firm, 
slightly silky at first beneath, 3-5 in. long, subobtuse or acute, the veins immersed. 
Flowers very copious, the nodes of the racemes usually produced into branchlets ; ra- 
cemes sometimes fascicled ; pedicels finely grey-downy, ^-^ in. Calyx ^ in., subgla- 
brous, broadly campanulate. Corolla |-$ in., bright red ; blade of the standard 
round. Pod 1-3-seeded, 2-3 in. by |— | in., thin, flat, glabrous, with a narrow dis- 
tinct wing down the upper suture and sometimes a trace of one on the lower. 

11. D. microptera, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 113 ; branches 
flubglabrous, leaflets 5-9 large membranous obovate-oblong cuspidate, racemes 
long and lax, standard glabrous, pod broad. 

Sikkim, alt. 2-5000 ft., Hvok. fil. 

Closely allied to D. cuneifolia, and even more showy. Leaves afoot or more long, 
distinctly petioled ; leaflets 3-6 in. long, twice as long as broad, membranous, green, 
glabrous on both surfaces from an early stage, with a very distinct cusp. Bacemes 
peduncled, flexuose, \-\ ft. long, with distant nodes, the axils and pedicels nearly 
glabrous, the nodes not produced into branchlets; pedicels ^-\ in. Calyx ^ iu., 
broadly campanulate. Corolla ^-| in., bright red ; standard erect, ^-\ in broad. Pod 
1-2-seeded, 1^3 in. by 1 in., glabrous, thin, firm ; wing very narrow. 

12. D. elllptica, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. Ill ; branches 
densely clothed with brown pubescence, leaflets 9-13 large subcoriaceous obo- 
vate-oblong, racemes lax elongated, standard silky on the back, pod narrow. Pon- 
gamia elliptica, Wall. PL As. Bar. iii. 20, t. 237 ; Cat. 5881 ; Wiyht. Lc. t. 420. 
Galedupa elliptica, Bo.ib. Hart. Bei}g. 53; Fl. lnd. iii. 242. Pongamia dubia, 
Grah. in WalL Cat. 5899. P. voliibilis, Zoll. ^- Moritz. Verz. 3. P. Hors- 
fieldii and hypoleuca, Miq. Flor. lnd. Bat. i. 148-9. 

Martaban, Birma, Penang, Malacca. — Distrib. Siam, Malay islee. 

A large handsome climber, easily distinguished from all the other species by it« 
petals silky on the outside. Z^au^s long-petioled, a foot or more long; leaflets thin, but 
firm when mature green and glabrous above, glaucous and thinly brown-silky beneath, 



244 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Derris. 

4-6 in. long, usually twice as long as broad, obtuse or pointed. Racemes ^-1 ft. long, 
obtuse, very lax, with nodes copiously produced into branchlets, the axis and pedicels 
densely clothed with brown pubescence ; pedi eels ^-\ in. Calyx very broad, densely silky. 
Corolla bright red, f in. long ; blade of standard round, |-| in. broad. Fad 2-3 in. by 
I in., 1-3-seeded, thin, flat, with raised sutures, the upper one with a narrow distinct 
wing. 

** Pod mm-e oj' less distinctly winged down both sutures (Dipteroderris, 
Benth.) 

13. X>. brevlpes, Bak&r ; leaflets 5-7 glabrous obovate-oblong middle- 
sized acute or subobtuse, racemes copiously panicled with densely pubescent 
branches, pedicels shorter than the calyx, corolla middle-sized, pod persistently 
silky the lower wing obscure. Derris Heyneana, var. breyipes, Benth in Joui-n. 
Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 110. 

CoNCAN, Stocks. NrLOHiRis, Hohenacker. Mysore, Cleghorn. 

Branches and leaves on both surfaces glabrous. Leaflets moderately firm, 2-3 in. long, 
rounded at the base, obtuse or acute, the upper surface rather glossy, the veins below 
little raised, the colour grey-green. Flowers crowded on the short branchlets of 
copious ample axillary panicles, which are as long as the leaves, with ascending 
branches, densely clothed with short brown pubescence. Calyx under ^ in., densely 
silky. Corolla red, 3 times the length of the calyx ; standard obovate, not callose. 
Pod broad, oblong, 1-seeded. l^-l^ in. by 1 in., persistently brown-silky, with a narrow 
wing down the upper and a very obscure one down the lower suture. 

Var. coHacea, Benth. ; leaflets much thicker and very rigid glossy above, flowers 
nearly sessile. — Nilghiris, Hohenacker, 1598. 

14. D. eualata, Bedd. Ic PI. Ind. Or. 42, t. 186; leaflets 7-9 oblong 
middle-sized obtusely pointed, racemes copiously panicled with densely pubes- 
cent branches, pedicels as long- as the calyx, corolla middle-sized, pod glabrous, 
lower wing as broad as upper. 

Western Peninstila ; common in plains of South Canaraand Malabar, and at the 
foot of the Coorg ghauts, Beddome. 

A gigantic creeper, with brown silky branchlets. Leaflets subcoriaceous, glabrous, 
2-3 in, long, the veinlets little raised. Flowers in axillary racemes and an ample 
panicle often 1 ft. long at the end of the branches ; pedicels fascicled, ^-^ in. Calyx 
jt-4 in., densely brown-silky. Corolla reddish, scarce ^ in. ; standard not callose. Pod 
ligulate, thin, 4-5 in. by 1-1^ in., 1-3-seeded, each wing ^ in. broad. 

15. Z>. Kejmeana, Benth. PI. Jungh. i. 252 ; leaflets 5 glabrous obo- 
vate-oblong middle-sized subobtuse, racemes copiously panicled with obscurely 
ffrey-downy branches, pedicels as long or longer than the calyx, corolla small, 
pod glabrous with a distinct wdng down the lower suture. Benth. in Journ. 
Linn Soc. iv. Suppl. 110; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 77. Pongamia Heyneana, 
Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5916. 

Mysore, Heyne. Concan, Stocks, Law. 

A slender climber, glabrous in all its parts, except the branches of the panicle. 
Leaflets mod6rately firm, grey-green, obtusely pointed, broadly rounded at the base, 
2-4 in. long, the veins immersed. Panicles copious, axillary, as long as the leaves, 
with numerous very slender ascending branches, with the subdistant nodes produced 
into short branchlets ; pedicels j-\-^ in. Calyx i in., subglabrous- Corolla rose-red, 
i—J- in. ; blade of standard roundish. Pod oblong or ligiilate, 1-3-seeded, 1^-4 in. by 
1-1 in., thin, firm, rather glossy and veined, the wing of the upper suture |-^ in. 
broad, of the lower much narrower. 

Var. paniculata ; leaflets 5-7 considerably smaller and especially narrower, pa- 
nicles a foot long very lax with branches clothed with fine silky pubescence, pedicels 



Derris.'] L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 245 

3 times as long as the calyx. P. paniculata, Wight, Herb. 920. P. Heyneana, W. ^ 
A. Prodr. 263.— Western Peninsula, Wight. 

16. I>. margrlnata, Benth. PL Jungh. i. 232; leaflets 6-7 large subcori- 
aceous obovate-oblong glabrous, racemes copiously panicledwith glabrous branches, 
pedicels 3-4 times the calyx, corolla middle-sized, pod glabrous very distinctly 
winged down the lower suture. Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 111. 
Dalbergia marginata, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 58 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 241 ; Wight. Ic. t. 87. 
Pongamia emarginata, Wall. Cat. 5909. P. reflexa, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5898. 

Eastern Himalayas, tropical zone, Khasia and Silhet, ascending to 3000 ft. 

A showy climber, glabrous in all its parts. Leaves ^-f ft. long; leaflets mode- 
rately firm, rather glossy above, ^-^ ft. long, narrowed into a distinct cusp, the veins 
little raised. Panicles as long as the leaves, with several spreading slender lax- 
flowered branches ; pedicels usually solitary, ^ in. long. Cati/x ■— i^-> broader than 
deep when expanded. Corolla pale red, ^-^ in. long ; standard ^ in. broad, not callose. 
Pod thin, flat, ligulate-oblong, glabrous, flexible, finely veined, 3-4 in by li-l| in., 
the upper wing 5^-^ in. broad, the lower narrower, 

17. D. platyptera, Baker; leaflets .'^-7 large subcoriaceous oblong sub- 
acute glabrous, racemes copiously panicled with silky branches, pedicels as long 
as the calyx, corolla middle-sized, pod glabrous very distinctly winged down the 
lower suture. 

Malabar ; near Calicut, Wight. 

Branches glahroxw. Leaves |-| ft. long; leaflets obtusety pointed, 3-6 in. long, 
broadly rounded at the base, thin, flexible, finely reticulato-venulose ; petiolules 5^- in. 
Panicles as long as the leaves, with numerous short ascending fine silky branches ; pe- 
dicels close, but not fascicled. Cali/cc ^ in., subtruncate, finely silky. Corolla under 
i in. Pod 3-4 in. by 1 in., including the wings, thin, flat, glossy, glabrous, reticulato- 
venulose, one-seeded, narrowed to both ends, the upper wing \ in. broad. 

18. Z>. amoena, Benth. PI. Jungh. i. 262 : leaflets 5-7 subcoriaceous gla- 
brous middle-sized not glaucous beneath, racemes in copious panicles with glab- 
rous branches, corolla small, pedicels- exceeding the calyx,.pod glabrous narrowly 
winged down the lower suture. Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 11.0. 
Pongamia amoena. Wall. Cat. 691 2» 

Martaban, Wallich. Tenasserim,. Griffith. Malacca, Maingay. 

A climber, glabrous in all its parts. Leaves about \ ft. I6ng : leaflets moderateljr 
firm, glossy aljove, 3-4 in. long, oblong-cuspidate, the veins not prominent. Panicles 
equalling or exceeding the leaves, the nodes often produced into branchlets, the flowers- 
close and pedicels densely fascicled ; pedicels ^^ in. Calyx ^ in. Corolla iind<>r 
\ in., bright red. Podxhrn, glabrous, ligulate-oblong, flexible, finely veined, 3-4 in, by 
1-1^ in., the upper wing ^ in. broad, the lower distinct, but much narrower. 

19. D. Ittaing-ayana, -Srtf/cer ; leaflets 5-7 oblong rigidly coriaceous 
middle-sized glabrous glaucous beneath, flowers in panicled i-acemes with glabrous 
branches, corolla middle-sized, pedicels equalling or rather exceeding the calyx, 
pod glabrous narrowly vdnged down the lower suture. 

Singapore, Maingay. 

Closely allied to D. amoena, with which it agrees in general habit, pod and inflo- 
rescence, diflfering in its rather larger more rigidly coriaceous leaves glaucous beneath, 
and larger flowers, which are f in. long with a standard with a round ecallose wing, 
rounded suddenly to a long claw. 

20. D. ferrug-inea, Benth. PI. Jungh.. \. 252 ; leaflets 5-9 large obovate- 
oblong finely ferrugineo-pubescent beneath, raoemes copiously panicled with 



246 L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) [Berria. 

densely pubescent branches, pedicels exceeding the calyx, corolla middle-sized, 
pod tinely pubescent with the wing down the lower suture distinct or obscure. 
Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 109. Robinia femiginea, Roxh. Fl. Ind. 
iii, 329. Pongamia ferruginea, Wall. Cat. 5885. P. oblonga, Wall. Cat. 
5893. 

Eastern Himalayas, tropical zone, Assam and Silhet. Berma, Wallich. 

Branchlets clothed with dense ferruginous pubescence. Leaflets 4-6 in. long, cus- 
pidate or subobtuse, rounded at the base, subcoriaceous, green and glabrous above, 
tinely pubescent, especially on the main raised veins beneath. Panicles axillary, pedun- 
cled, ^1 ft. long, with slender ascending branches, clothed with dense ferruginous 
pubpscence; pedicels 5- in., fascicled and nodes often produced into branchlets. Cal_i/x 
\ in. ; teeth deltoid, minute. Corolla rose-red, three times the length of the calyx ; 
standard emarginate, j in. broad. Young pod densely brown-silky ; old nearly gla- 
brescent, 2-3 in. by 1 in., oblong or ligulate-oblong, rigid in texture, obscurely veined 
on the faces, the sutures much raised, the wing of the upper ^-^ in. broad, the wing of 
the lower one sometimes not perceptible. 

21. D. canarensis, Baker; leaflets 15-21 middle-sized oblanceolate- 
oblong pubescent beneath, flowers in terminal panicles with pubescent branches, 
standard callose, pod winged down the lower suture. Pongamia canarensis, 
Dalz. in Hook. Kew Journ. ii. 37. Brachypterum canarense, Dalz 8f Gibs. 
Bomb. Fl. 76. 

CoNCAN, near Garsuppa, Balzell, 

Leavfs a ft. long ; leaflets 2-2^ in. by ^ in., glabrous above. Panicles terminal, 
shorter than the leaves ; racemes simple, the branches ferrugineo-pubescent ; pedicels 
fascicled in threes. Corolla reddish. Ovary hirsute, 2-3 ovuled. Pod flat, oval or 
elliptic, pointed at both ends winged on both sides, H in. long. Balzell, toe. cit. — 
Appears to connect Paraderris and Dipteroderris. 

Sect. III. Agranope, Miguel. Habit of Eudei-ris, but the racemes in 
ample thyrsoid panicles, with the nodes not produced into branchlets, and the 
upper stamen distinctly free from the rest down to the base. 

22. D. sinuata, Thicaites Enum. 93; leaflets subobtuse half as long 
again as broad, pedicals as long as the calyx, pod large deeply indented between 
the seeds narrowly winged down the upper suture. Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. 
iv., Suppl. 113. Pongamia sinuata. Wall. Cat. 5911. P. grandifolia, Grah. in 
Wall. Cat. 5882, not Zoll. Sf Moritz. 

Pegu, Martaban, Tenasserim, Malacca, Ceylon. — Distrib. Malay isles. 

A robust climber, with glabrous branches and leaves. Leaflets 5-7, ovate- or 
obovate-oblong, 4:-^ in. long, rigidly coriaceous, all but the main veins immersed. 
Panicles ^-1 ft. long, with numerous ascending thinly brown-silky branches ; pedicels 
^-\ in. Calyx ^ in., thinly silky, broadly campanulate, circumscissile above the base. 
Corolla I in., turning dark purple when dried ; standard erect, with a round ecallnse 
blade. Pod very different from that of any of the other species, 1-4-seeded, 2-8 in. 
by 1-1 1 in., smooth, firm, finely veined, the wing usually not more than -^^ in. broad, 
and sometimes not perceptible. 

23. I>. thyrsiflora, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 114; leaflets 
acute twice as long as broad, pedicels close veiy short, pod comparatively small 
not indented between the seeds, both sutures distinctly winged. Millettia 
thyrsiflora, Benth. PL Jungh. 249. Amerimmun obovatum, Hamilt. MSS. 
Pongamia ? Wall. Cat. 9054, Aganope floribunda, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 151. 

Eastern Himalayas and the Khasia Mts., ascending to 4000 ft.; Eastern Penin- 
sri-A. — Distrib, Malay isles, 

A robust climber, with glabrous branches and leaves. Leaflets 5-9, oblong or 



Derrw.] L. leguminosje. (J. G. Baker.) 247 

obovate-oblong, rigidly subcoriaceous, 4-6 iu. long, the veinlets distinct in the dried 
specimens. Panicles ^1 ft. long, with very numerous ascending or spreading 
branches, clothed with dense brown-silky pubescence, the upper ones growing 
gradually shorter; pedicels crowded, but not fascicled, much shorter than the calyx. 
Calyx ^ in., thinly silky. Corolla whitish, 3-4 times the calyx. Pod l-3-8eeded, 
1^-3^ in. by 1-1^ in., thin, flat, glabrous, finely- veined, each wing ^-^ in. broad. 

DOUBTFTJL SPECIES. 

Of the following species of § Euderris the fruit is unknown. 

D. ACUMINATA, Benth. PI. Jung. i. 252. (Pongamia elongata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 
5886, non 5915. P. acuminata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5901.) A large climber, with 
glabrous branches and leaves. Leaflets 5-7, elongate-oblong, 4-6 in. long, with a 
long very distinct cusp, green on both surfaces, with the main veins raised below. 
Racemes 6-9 in, long, the flowers fascicled at the distant nodes, the rachis, pedicels 
and calyx with a little brown pubescence ; pedicels ^^ in., equalling or exceeding 
the calyx. Corolla rose-red, | in. long. Ovary silky, 5-6-ovuled. — Nlpal, Wallich ; 
and a plant with 9-11 leaflets of similar shape, and shorter closer racemes of con- 
siderably larger (| in. long) bright purple flowers in Sikkim, Hook. fil. This last 
closely resembles D. microptera, but the standard is not callose. 

D. SECUNDA, Baker. (Pongamia secunda, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5890. Amerimnum 
secundum, Hamilt. MSS.) Leaflets 7, oblong with a long cusp, 2-3 in. long, rigidly 
coriaceous, glabrous rather shining above, the veins immersed. Racemes like those of 
D. scandens, but in a terminal panicle and in the axils of upper leaves ; rachis and 
pedicels finely brown-silky, the latter densely fascicled, exceeding the calyx. Calyx 
j*5 in. Corolla reddish, | in., the blade of the standard oblong, not callose. Ovary 
silky. — Assam, Hamilton. 

D. POLYSTACHYA, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 114. Branches and 
leaves below glabrous. Leaflets 5-7, subcoriaceous, acuminate, pale green on both 
surfaces, twice as long as broad, 3-4 in. long, with a distinct point. Racemes long and 
narrow, ^-1 ft. long, from the upper leaves and forming an end panicle, the nodes 
copiously produced into branchlets, the rachises finely obscurely pubescent ; pedicels 
exceeding the calyx, crowded on the branchlets. Calyx ^ in., slightly pubescent. 
Corolla ^-^ in., rose-red. Ovary silky, with about 4 ovules. — Khasia, 2-4000 ft., 
Hook. fil. ^ Thomson. 

D. ovALiFOLiA, Benth. Pi. Jungh, i. 252, ex parte. (Pongamia ovalifolia, W. ^ A. 
Prodr. 262 ; Wight Ic. t. 328.) A climber, glabrous in all its parts, with general 
habit and leaves very like Dalbergia volubilis. Leaflets 9, long-stalked, oblong, 
obtuse, emarginate, 1^-2 in. long, membranous, with raised veinlets. Racemes 
copious, axillary, ^ ft. long, sometimes geminate, with nodes produced and very 
abundant small bright red flowers ; pedicels twice the calyx. Calyx — in., broadly 
campanulate. Corolla \ in. ; standard with a long claw and a broad blade, not 
callose. Ovary slightly hairy, 2-ovuled. — Western Peninsula, Wight. 

The following are probable species of § Dijpteroderris, of which the flowers are 
unknown. 

D. DiscoLOB, Benth. in Journ. Linn. Soc. iv. Suppl. 111. A robust climber, 
glabrous throughout. Leaves long-petioled ; leaflets 5-9 obovate-oblong, 3-5 in. long, 
ol usely pointed, bright green above, very glaucous below, rigidly coriaceous, with 
immersed veins. Pod oblong, 1 seeded, thicker than in the other species, l^-l^ in. 
by |-|^ in., both sutures raised and furnished with a narrow distinct wing. — Sikkim 
and SiLHET, Hook. fil. ^ Thomson. A diff'erent type of the pod to the admitted 
species, like that of Pongamia glabra in shape and texture, but with a double wing. 

D. WiQHTTi, Baker. A slender glabrous climber. Leaflets 5-7, oblong, obtusely 
pointed, broadly rounded at the base, 1-1^ in. long, rigidly subcoriaceou.s, with 
immersed veins, pale grey-green on both surfaces. Race77ies much exceeding the leaves 



248 L. LEGUMiNOSJ). (J. G. Baker.) [Euchresta. 

with produced nodes. Pod 1-2-seeded, 1-2 in. by ^-| in., thin, but finn, rather 
veined, persistently brown-silky, with a narrow wing down the upper and a very 
obscure one down the lower suture. — Western Peninsula. ; Shevagerry hills, Wight. 
Pod clothed like that of D. brevipes, but narrower and leaves much smaller. 

90. SUCHRSSTA, Bennett. 

ShruTja. Leaves odd-pinnate. Flowers racemed. Calyx deeply campanu- 
late, very oblique; teeth 6, deltoid, very short. Corolla much exserted ; 
standard narrow ; keel obtuse, its petals scarcely cohering. Stamens diadel- 
phous (9, 1), but tha filaments fastened very slightly ; anthers versatile. Ovary 
long-stalked, 1-2-ovuled ; style filiform, stigma capitate. Pod the size of an 
olive, turgid, rather fleshy, filled up with the solitary seed. — DistrIb. Species 
2, the other Japanese. 

1. B, Korsfieldil, Bennett PI. Jav. Par. 148, t. 31 ; Benth. in Joum. 
Linn. Soc. iv., Suppl. 118. Andira Horsfieldii, Lesch. in Ann. Mus. 16, 481, 
t. 12 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 476. 

Khasia Mts., Hook. fit. ^ Thomson. — Distbib. Java, Formosa. 

An erect shrub, with glabrous leaves and branches. Leaves long-petioled ; leaflets 
3-6, oblong, acute, \ ft. long, subcoriaceous, opposite, subsessile, pale green, the 
veins immersed. Flowers (not seen in Indian specimens) in simple peduncled 
racemes ; pedicels geminate, minutely bracteate, shorter than the calyx. Corolla 
pure white, | in. long, twice the length of the calyx. Pod oblong, purplish-black, 
f-| in. long. 

91. PAZiKOUSZSA, Grah. 

A climbing shrub. Leaves 1-foliolate. Flowers in axillary corymbs. Calyx 
campanulate ; teeth short, deltoid. Corolla exserted ; petals equal in length ; 
standard broad ; keel obtuse. Stamens free ; anthers imiform, oblong, versatile. 
Ovary subsessile, few-ovuled; style filiform, stigma capitate. Pod oblong, 
subcompressed, dehiscent, rigidly coriaceous, continuous within, 1-3-seeded. — A 
single species, with a peculiar distribution, as it is known only in the East 
Himalayas and Angola. 

1. D. bracteata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5339 ; Wight Ic. t. 265. Poda- 
lyria bracteata, Roxh. Co?-. PL iii. t. 259 ; Fl. Ind. ii. 317. 

Eastern Himalayas, tropical region, Assam, Silhet, and Chtttagong. 

A subscandent shrub, with slender finely grey-downy branches. Leaves simple, 
distinctly petioled, oblong, acute or obtuse, rigidly subcoriaceous, glabrous, 4-12 in. 
long; stipules small, lanceolate, subpersistent. Flowers in sparse lax subsessile 
axillary corymbs about as long as the petioles, terminal on the branchlets, which 
have several pairs of round membranous large persistent striated bracts ; bracteoles 
like the bracts, but larger, completely hiding the flowers. Calyx ^ in., silky. Corolla 
whitish, twice the length of the calyx. Pod 2-4 in. long, the thick discoid seeds an 
inch broad. 

92. SOPKOZIA, Linn. 

Trees or shrubs. Leaves odd-pinnate. Flowers showy, yellow or violet- 
purple, racemed or p^nicled. Calyx oblique, broadly campanulate ; teeth 
deltoid, very short. Corolla much exserted ; standard broad ; petals equal in 
length, all with long claws ; keel obtuse, or appendiculate in § Goebelia, with 
a small hooked mucro. Stamens free, or obscurely connate at the very base ; 
anthers uniform, versatile. Ovary stalked, many-ovuled ; style incurved, stigma 



Sophora.'] L. LEGUMiNOSiB. (J. G. Baker.) 249 

capitate. Pod moniliform, sublignose or membranous in our species, usually 
indehiscent, the joints turgid, terete or in § Edwardsia fumisned with four 
wipgs. — DiSTBiB. Species above 20, widely spread in warm countries. 

§ XSusophora. Pod wingless. Keel obtuse, without a mucro. 
* Stipules persistent, spiny. Pod Jinally dehiscing. 

1. S. IMCoorcroftiana, Benth. MSS. Astragalus Moorcroftianus, Wall. 
Cat. 6933. Oaragana Moorcroftiana, Benth. in Royle III. 198. 

Western Tibet. Ladak, Moorcroft. Nubra valley, alt. 10-12,000 ft,, Thomson. 
Kashmir, Bellew. — Distkib. Kashgar, Bellew. 

A low copiously-branched shrub, with densely grey-downy branches, armed with 
fine pungent spines, which are the stipules that persist, as in Caragana, long after 
the leaves fall. Leaves 1^-2 in. long; leaflets 11-17, caducous, obovate, obtuse, with 
a long awn, \—^ in. long, subcoriaceous, pale green, finely grey-silky on both surfaces, 
finally nearly glabrescent. Flowers in copious sparse axillary racemes ; pedicels 
shorter than the calyx. Calyx \ in., densely grey-silky ; teeth short. Corolla 
yellow, more than twice the length of the calyx ; blade of standard oblong. Pod 
thinner than in the other species, 3-4 in. long, 5-6-seeded, densely pubescent. 

** Small spineless trees vnth usually indehiscent pods. 

2. S. tomentosa, Linn.; DC. Prodr. ii. 95; leaflets 15-19 obovate 
obtuse densely grey-downy beneath, pedicels aa long as the densely grey-downy 
calyx, flowers yellow, pod finely ^grey-downv. Wall. Cat. 5333 : Boxb. Fl. 
Ind. ii. 316; W. 8f A. Prodr. 179; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 89. S. glabra, H issk. -, 
Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 125. 

Shores of the Eastern and "Western Peninsulas, and Ceylon. — Distrib. Cosmo- 
politan in the Tropics. 

Brancklets virgate, thinly persistently grey-downy. Leaves ^ ft. long ; leaflets 
flexible, subcoriaceous, 1-2 in. long, dull grey-green, thinly downy above, the veins 
immersed on both surfaces. Racemes terminal, ^ ft. long ; pedicels densely silky, articu- 
lated a little below the calyx. Calyx |-| in., nearly truncate, very oblique. Corolla 
|-| in. ; blade of standard round, veined. Pod \—^ ft. long, 6-8-seeded, the oblong 
hoary joints separated by a narrow neck as long as themselves. 

3. S. violacea, Thxoaites Enum. 94; leaflets 19-21 oblong obtuse 
glabrous, pedicels as long as the subglabrous calyx, flowers violet, pod glabrous. 
Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 90. 

Ceylon ; Galle district, Thwaites. 

A middle-sized shrub. Branches slender, virgate, obscurely silky at first. Leaves 
^-| ft. long ; leafiets subdistant, membranous, glabrous, |-1 in. long, bright green 
above, glaucous beneath. Bacemes axillary, close, short-peduncled, 3-4 in. long ; 
pedicels very slender, articulated below the apex. Calyx very oblique, both at the 
base and throat ; teeth obscure. Corolla twice the length of the i>alyx ; blade of 
standard oblanceolate-spathulate, \ in. broad, with a very long claw. Ped 3-4 in. 
long, 4-6rseeded ; joints oblong, veined, hard, with a narrow neck between them. 

4. S. grlauca, Lesch.; DC. P-odr. ii. 95; leaflets 21-25 acute densely 
silky beneath, pedicels shorter than the denselv silky calvx, flowers purple, pod 
persistently velvetv. Wall. Cat. 5334 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 179 ; Wight Ic. t. 
979 ;^ Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 89. S. velutina, Lindl. Bat. Reg. t. 1185. Edwardsia 
maderaspatana, Wight Ic. t. 1054 (except the pods). 

Hills of the Western Peninsula. 

Branches clothed with dense persistent grey or brown velvety pubescence. Leaves 
^ ft. ; leaflets oblong, not acuminate, rarely subobtuse, |-1 in. long, subcoriaceous. 



250 L. LEGUMiNOSj;. (J. G. Baker.) \_Sophora. 

green, glabrescent above, densely grey-silky beneath, finally nearly glabrescent, the 
hairs on the midrib brown, the veinlets immersed. Racemes dense, terminal, short- 
peduncled, \-\ fc. long ; pedicels densely silky. Calyx \ in. ; teeth distinct. Corolla 
t-wice as long as the calyx ; blade of standard obovate, \ in. broad. Pod 3-4 in. long, 
moderately firm, 5-6-6eeded, finally dehiscing, but little moniliform when all the 
seeds are matured. 

5. S. beptaphylla, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 96 ; leaflets 7-13 oblong 
acuminate glabrescent beneath, pedicels exceeding the finely silky calyx, corolla 
small yellow, pod glabrous. Ai-n. Pug. 10; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 89, ex parte. 

Ceyxon, alt. 4-7000 ft.— Distrib. China. 

Branchlets at first brown-silky. Leaves |-A ft. ; leaflets conspicuously alternate, 
subcoriaceous, bright green above, 2-3 in. long, the veins rather raised on both surfaces, 
glaucous beneath, rounded at the base. Racemes short-peduncled, moderately close, 
^-1^ ft long ; pedicels ^-j in., articulated at the middle, thinly silky, the lower in 
pairs. Calyx ^ in., thinly silky at first. Corolla twice th^ length of the calyx. Pod 
2-3 in. long, rigidly coriaceous, 2-4-seeded, the joints oblong, ^-| in. broad, with a 
broad neck between them when the seeds all mature, the faces distinctly veined. 

6. S. Wlg'litli, Baker; leaflets 11-15 oblong acuminate thinly pubescent 
beneath, pedicels exceeding the finely silky calyx, corolla middle-sized yellow, 
pod glabrous. S. heptaphylla, Wtffht Lc. i. 1155 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 79 ; 
Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 89, in pari, nan Linn. 

Hills of the Western Peninsula, Mysore, Cleghorn. 

Branchlets persistently brown-velvety. Leaves ^ ft. long ; leaflets subcoriaceous, 
2-3 in. long, bright green above, very glaucous with a thin coating of bright brown 
pubescence, especially on the midrib beneath, the veinlets on both sides rather raised. 
Ra/:emcs lax, axillary, short-peduncled, as long as the leaves ; pedicels twice the 
calyx. Calyx \ in., oblique at the mouth, persistently brown-silky ; teeth obscure. 
Corolla more than twice the length of the calyx. Pod 3-4 in. long, firm, indehis- 
cent ; joints oblong, distinctly veined on the faces with a deep constriction between 
them. 

7. S. acuminata, Benth. MSS. ; leaflets 15-19 oblong acuminate 
obscurely silky beneath, pedicels shorter than the finely silky calyx, corolla 
yellow middle-sized, pod glabrous. Ormosia acuminata. Wall. Cat. 5973. 

Eastern Bengal and the Eastern Himalayas, tropical zone, ascending to 4000 ft.; 
Khasia, Assam, Bhotan, Mishmi. 

Branchlets thinly grey-silky at first, soon glabrescent. Leaves |-1 ft. ; leaflets 
subcoriaceous, 3-4 in. long, narrowed to a very long point, the upper cuneate, the 
lower rounded at the base, bright green above, glaucous beneath, with a few obscure 
adpressed hairs. Racemes peduncled, moderately close, axillary much shorter than 
the leaves. Calyx ^-g- in., very oblique, membranous, thinly grey-silky ; teeth 
obscure. Corolla bright yellow, more than twice the lengtli of the calyx. Pod 3-5 
in. long, 3-4-seeded, moderately firm, indehiscent, with deep constrictions between the 
oblong strongly-veined joints. 

§ § G-oebella, Bunge in Boiss. Fl. Orient.^ ii. 628, Gen. Pod wingless, inde- 
hiscent. Keel appendiculate, with a mucro like Oxytropis. 

8. S. alopecuroides, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 96. Goebelia alopecu- 
roides, Bunge lac. cit. 

Western Tibet, temperate region, alt. 10-12,000 ft., Thomson, Falconer. — 
Distrib. Afghanistan, Orient. 

An undershrub, with rirgate branches, clothed with short adpressed grey pubes- 
cence. Leaves ^ ft. long; leaflets 15-25, pale green, oblong, subcoriaceous, obtuse, 
f-1 in. long, thinly grey-downy above, densely beneath. Flowers in dense terminal 
racemes ^ ft. long ; pedicels shorter than the calyx. Calyx ^-g- in., very oblique, 



I 



Sophora.'] L. legumtnos^. (J. G. Baker.) 251 

densely pubescent ; teeth distinct, deltoid. Corolla bright yellow, 3 times the length 
of the calyx. Pod ^ in. broad, sublignose, finely downy, 6-12-seeded, the seeds close 
and constrictions slight except where the ovules do not develop. 

§§§ Zidwardsia, Salish. Pod furnished with four distinct wings. — Key- 
serlingia, Bunge. 

9. S. mollis, Grnh. in Wall. Cat. 6335 ; flowers smaller developed before 
ttie leaves in short crowded racemes. Edwardsia mollis, Royle III. t. 32, fig. 2. 
Sophora Houghiana, Wall. Cat. 5336 B. 

Plains and low hills of the north-west ; Hazara and the Salt rangk to Kumaon 
and Nipal, ascending to 4000 ft. 

A low spineless shrub, with finely grey-downy branches, the flowers developed 
first in copious short simple ascending racemes, the leaves appearing with the fruit. 
Leaves ^ it. long ; leaflets 21-25, rigidly coriaceous, pale, grey green, ^-|^ in. long, 
obtuse, emarginate, prominently veined, finely grey-downy. Racemes 2-3 in. long ; 
pedicels equalling or exceeding the calyx. Calyx ^-\ in., very oblique, finely grey- 
downy. Corolla yellow, |-f in. Pod glabrous, 3-4 in. long, 5-6-seeded, the joints 
with four distinct crustaceous wings and separated by distinct constrictions. 

Var. hydaspidis ; leaves and calyx more densely and persistently silky, flowers 
larger. — Salt Range, Punjab. 

10. S. interrupta, Bedd. Ic. PI. hid. Or. t. 165; Fl. Sylv. 90; 
Anal. Gen. t. 12, fig. 6 ; flowers larger developed at the same times as the 
leaves in their axils. Edwardsia maderaspatana, Wight Ic. t. 1054, as regards 
the fruit. 

Hills of Mysore, alt. 2500-3000 ft., Wight Beddome. 

A tall erect shrub. Leaves ^-| ft. long ; leaflets 19-29, obtuse, emarginate, |-l5- 
in. long, thinner than in the last, with a few obscure hairs beneath. liacemes dis- 
tinctly peduncled, shorter than the leaves ; pedicels twice the length of the calyx. 
Calyx \ in., very oblique, obscurely silky. Corolla bright yellow, |— ^ in. long; 
blade of standard round. Pod ju'jt like that of S. mollis. — This is doubtless the 
plant intended by Wight, but all except the fruit in the plate appears to be drawn 
from S. glauca. 

IMPERFECTLY KNOWN SPECIES. 

A plant from the top of Parasnath, in Behar, seen in pod only, doubtless a new 
species, comes nearest to iS. Wightii, but the 13-15 leaflets are obtuse, with thinner 
texture and finer veining, and the joints of the fruit smaller, with a tendency to 
dehisce down the sutures. 

93. CAZ.PURNZA, E. Meyer. 

Shrubs or trees. Leaves odd-pinnate, with numerous leaflets. Flowers 
yellow, racemed or panicled. Calyx broadly campanulate ; teeth deltoid. 
Corolla much exserted ; petals equal in length ; keel obtuse, rather incurved, its 
petals cohering. Stamens free ; anthers small, oblong, versatile. Ovai-y linear 
stalked, many-ovuled ; style filiform, stigma capitate. Pod strap-shaped, flat, 
membranous, many-seeded, indehiscent, with a narrow wing do\\Ti the dorsal 
suture. — DiSTEiB. Species 6, the others Cape and Abyssinian. 

Virgilia capensis, Lam., a well-known Cape plant, allied to Calpurnia, is included 
in Hohenacker's Nilghiry plants, but is only cultivated in India. 

I.e. aurea, Baker in Oliv. Flor. Trop. Afric. ii. 252 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 89 ; 
Anal. Gen. t. 12, fig. 5. Virgilia aurea, Lam. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 98 ; W. ^ A. 
Prodr. 179. Robinia Heynei, Wall. Ca?^. 6653. 

Western Peninsttla, near Courtallum, and on the Denkinacottah hills in moun- 
tain jungles. — Distrib. Abyssinia. 

VOL. II. I. 



252 L. lequminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) [Pericopsis. 

Branches slender, finely grey-silky. Leaflets 13-21, membranous, oblong, obtuse, 
glabrous, 1-1^ in. long. Racemes copious, short-ped uncled, as long as the leaves ; 
pedicels finely silky, much exceeding the calyx. Calyx ^-\ in. Pod pliable, 3-4 
in. long, 5-6-8eeded, glabrous. 

94. PSRZCOPSXS, Thwaites. 

A tree. Leaves odd-pinnate; with large coriaceous leaflets. Floweis 
racemed or panicled. Calyx large, cleft to below the middle, the upper teeth 
shortest, suDconnate. Corolla little exserted ; standard round, reflexed, rather 
shorter than the obtuse wings and keel. Stamens free, as long as the corolla, 
recurved at the end ; anthers uniform, versatile. Ovary staSted, few-ovuled ; 
style long, filiform, recurved at the end, stigma oblique. Pod like that of a 
Den'is, rigid, indehiscent, flattish, strap-shaped, with a narrow wing dovni each 
suture. — DisTRiB. A single species, endemic in Ceylon. 

1. P. Moonlana, Thioaites Enum. 413 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 187. Dal- 
bergia Mooniania, Thwaites Enum. 93. D. lanceolaria, Moon Cat. 51, non 
Linn. 

Cetlon, southern and central districts, Thwaites, Ferguson. 

A large tree, with slender subglabrous branches. Stipules, bracts and bracteoles 
minute, caducous ; leaflets 6-7, glabrous, subcoriaceous, conspicuously alternate, 
broad oblong, subacute, 2-3 in. long. Flowers in sparse axillary racemes and 
terminal corymbose panicles. Cali/x pedicellate, glabrous, ^ in., leathery ; teeth 
lanceolate. Corolla dark purple, yellowish at the base ; keel-petals slightly cohering. 
Pod 3-5 in. by 1 in., 4-5 seeded, glabrous, polished. 

95. ^OazaOSZA, Jacks. 

Erect trees. Leaves odd-pinnate. Flowers usually in dense terminal 
racemes. Calyx campanulate, deeply 5-cleft, the upper teeth the shortest. 
Corolla not much exserted ; petals all with short claws, about equal in length ; 
standard round ; keel-petals and wings oblong, obtuse, the former not connate. 
Stamens free, much incurved, often exserted when the flower expands ; anthers 
oblong, versatile. Ovary subsessile ; stj'le long, filiform, circinate at the end, 
stignaa oblique. Pod thick, rigid or rather fleshy, turgid, 2-valved, continuous 
within, the sutures not winged. Seeds with a bright scarlet aril or testa. — 
DisTEiB. Species above 20, cosmopolitan in the tropics. 

* Leaflets glabi'ous beneath. Seeds (lohere known) large. 

1. O. robasta, Wight le. t. 245 (Sophora in tab.) ; leaflets 7-11 oblong 
lanceolate dark green, racemes crowded in terminal panicles, pedicels shorter 
than the calyx, pod oblong vnth the valves round on the back. O. floribunda, 
Wall. Cat. 5337. Sophora robusta, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 31. Arillaria robusta, 
Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. vol. xlii. pt. 2, 71. 

SiLHET, Roxburgh, Wallich. Pegu and Tknasserim, Kurz, 

A -large tr^e, with thick sulcate thinly grey-downy branches. Leaflets o^yosite^ 
3-5 in. long, acute, rounded at the base, rigidly subcoriaceous, dull green beneath, 
the veins fine, rather raised. Racemes in a large end panicle and also from 
the axils of the upper leaves, the branches finely grey -downy ; bracts lanceolate, 
minute, subpersistent ; bracteoles 0. Calyx under \ in., brown-silky, the teeth as 
long as the tube. Corolla twice the length of the calyx. Ovary densely silky. Pod 
oblong, glabroTis, bright yellow, rather fleshy, but two-valved, usually 1 -seeded, 2-2^ 
in. long, sometimes 2-seeded. Seeds oblong, 1^ in. long, ' enveloped in a complete 
thick fleshy scarlet aril.' — Kurz. 



Ormosia.] L. legdminosj3. (J. G. Baker.) 253 

2. O. travancorlca, Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 45; leaflets 7-9 oblong dull 
green long-stalked, racemes crowded in terminal panicles, pedicels very short, 
pod oblong with the valves rounded on the back. 

Travancobe hills, Beddome. 

A tall tree, with finely grey-downy branehlets. Leaflets opposite, oblong, cuspi- 
date, rigidly coriaceous, 2-3 in. long, dull grey-green beneath, rounded at the base, 
slightly downy on the midrib, the veinlets immersed ; petiolules \-\ in. long. 
Flowers crowded on the finely grey-downy branches ; bracts very minute. Calyx 
brown-silky, ^— i in., deeply 5-clett. Corolla whitish, under twice the length of the 
calyx. Fad glabrous, hard, oblique oblong, subacute, 3 in. long, 1-seeded. Seed 
oblong, 1 in. long, with a bright scarlet testa. 

3. O. macrodisca, Baker ; leaflets 7-9 rigidly coriaceous pale green 
oblong, short-stalked, racemes crowded in terminal panicles, pedicels shorter 
than the calyx, pod large orbicular with subcompressed thick valves. 

Malacca, Maiiigay. 

A large tree, with very thick grey glabrous branehlets. Leaflets very thick and 
rigid in texture, pale grey-green on both surfaces, acute, broadly rounded at the base, 
3-5 in. long, quite glabrous, the veins immersed. Branches of the panicle stout, 
sulcate, glabrous ; bracts and bracteoles minute, subpersistent ; pedicels brown-silky 
|-^ in. ■ Calyx \-^ in., densely brown-silky, cleft considerably below the middle. 
Corolla half as long again as the calyx ; standard | in. broad. StaTTietis consider- 
ably exserted. Pod hard, thick, 3 in. broad, flat at first, turgid when the usually 
solitary seed swells. Seed oblong, 1 in. long, with a large black adnate pitted 
aril. 

4. O. grlauca, Wall. PI. Asiat. Bar. ii. 23, t. 125; leaflets 7-9 oblong 
dull pale green distinctly stalked, flowers in axillary racemes, pedicels as long as 
the calyx, pod unknown. Wall. Cat. 6338. 

Nipal, Wallich. 

A tall tree, with thinly brown-velvety stout sulcate branehlets. Leaflets rigidly 
subcoriaceous, obtusely cuspidate, 3-4 in. long, dull pale green on both surfaces, the 
veins immersed ; petiolules |— ^ in. Flowers in peduncled racemes, shorter than the 
leaves ; bracts and bracteoles minute, caducous. Calyx \ in., obscurely silky ; teeth 
as long as the tube. Corolla white, twice the length of the calyx. Ovary linear, 
brown-silky, 3-4-ovuled. 

** Leaflets beneath and hrarvchlets velvety. Seeds small. 

5. O. microspenua, Baker ; leaflets 11-13 acute short-stalked, vein- 
lets beneath slender raised anastomosing, pedicels shorter than the calyx, pod 
subcompressed with thin valves, seed oblong turgid. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

A middle-sized tree, with thick densely brown-velvety branches. Leaflets oblong, 
rigidly coriaceous, 2-4 in. long, grey-green, rather glossy above, broadly rounded at 
the base, densely persistently shortly pubescent beneath ; petiolules ^^ in. Branches 
of the panicle rigidly erecto-patent, densely velvety. Calyx ^-^ in.,""^ith a pair of 
small lanceolate bracteoles at the base, densely velvety ; teeth as long as the tube. 
Corolla twice as long as the calyx. Ovary densely silky, 3-4-ovuled. Pod orbicular 
if 1-seeded, ^-| in. long, oblong if 2-seeded, lineate between the seeds, the valves 
thin, rigid, glabrescent. Seeds bright scarlet, \ in. long, exarillate. — Closely resembles 
0. coarctata, Jacks, in Trans. Linn. Soc. x. t. 25, from Guiana, and nearly allied to 
the Malayan Macrotropis sumatrana, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 294. Kurz refers here 
Ch(snolobium septemjugum and decemjugum, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 302. 

6. O. parvifolia, Bakei-) leaflets 9-13 small acute, long-stalked, veins 



254 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Orwosia. 

beneath inconspicuous, pedicels very short, pod subcompressed with thin valves, 
seeds oblong turgid. JNIacrotropis bancana, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 295 ? 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

Branches slender, persistently brown -velvety. Leaflets rigidly coriaceous, grey- 
green, oblong, distinctly cuspidate, the end one 2-2| in. long, rather glossy above, 
thinly hairy beneath, the veins fine and scarcely at all raised ; petiolules ^-^ in. 
Racemes short ; flowers crowded ; bracts and bracteoles distinct, ovate-lanceolate, sub- 
persistent. Calyx ^ in., brown-silky, cleft half way down. Corolla twice the length 
of the calyx. Ovary silky. Fod and seeds just like those of 0. microsperma. 

7. O. venosa, Bahet", leaflets 7 obtuse or subobtuse nearly sessile on the 
rachis with thick much-raised parallel main veins beneath, pedicels long, pod- 
valves thick turgid, seeds orbicular subdiscoid. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

A tall tree, with" branches clothed with persistent dense velvety pubescence. 
Leaflets obovate-oblong, rigidly coriaceous, 3-4 in. long, grey-green and glabrous 
above, densely persistently tomentose beneath. Flowers crowded in terminal racemes, 
the branches densely velvety, not rigid as in the two preceding ; bracts and bracteoles 
minute, but distinct and subpersistent ; pedicels as long as the calyx. Calyx \ in., 
densely velvety, cleft down to the middle. Corolla half as long again as the calyx. 
Stamens distinctly exserted. Pod obtuse or subacute, oblong or obovoid-oblong, 
glabrous, l|-lf in. long, 1 in. thick. Seeds bright scarlet, exarillate, |-^ in. broad. 



96. CHlSAZiPINZA, Linn. 

Robust erect trees, shrubs or woody prickly climbers. Leaves large, abruptly 
bipinnate. Floivers showy, yellow, in copious axillary racemes. Calyx deeply- 
cleft, with the disk confined to its base, the lobes imbricated, the lowest the 
largest, cucullate. Petals spreading, usually orbicular with a distinct claw, the 
uppermost smaller than the others. Stamens 10, free, declinate ; anthers oblong, 
uniform, versatile. Ovary sessile or subsessile, few-ovuled ; style filiform, some- 
times clubbed at the tip, stigma terminal. Pod oblong or ligulate, thin and 
flat, or thicker and subturgid, indehiscent or dehiscent, smooth or in subgen. 
Guilandina armed all over with wiry spines. — Distrib. Species about 40, widely 
spread in the tropics of both hemispheres. 

Subgen. 1. Guilandina (Linn.) Pod dry, armed on the faces with 
abundant wiry prickles. Petals narrow. 

1. C. Bonducella, Fleming in Asiat. Pes. xi. 159; leaves stipulate, 
leaflets small, bracts squarrose. Po.ib. Fl. Ind. ii. 357. Guilandina Bonducella, 
Linn. ; Wall. Cat. 5803. G. Bonduc, W. 8f A. Prodr, 280 ; Dalz. Sf Gibs. Bomb. 
Fl. 79, in part. 

From the Himalayas, throughout India, ascending to 2500 ft. in Kumaon. — 
Distrib. Cosmopolitan in the tropics. 

Branches finely grey-downy, with abundant small hard falcate yellow prickles. 
Leaves a foot or more long, with a pair of reduced pinnae persistent at the base ; pinnae 
mostly 12-16 ; leaflets oblong, obtuse, mucronate, membranous, usually ^-1 in. long, 
rather downy beneath. Racemes long-peduncled, simple or panicled, dense at the top, 
lax downwards ; pedicels as long as the calyx, finely brown-downy. Calyx 
^-^ in. Petals oblanceolate, yellow, little exserted. Pod short-stalked, oblong, 2-3 in. 
long. Seeds 1-2, large, oblong, lead-coloured. 



Ccesalpinia.] L. leguminosj). (J. G. Baker.) 255 

2. C. Bonduc, Hoxb. Hoi-t. Bemj. 32; Fl. Ind. ii. 362; leaves without 
stipules, leaflets larger, bracts ascending. Guilandina Bonduc, Linn. ; DC. 
Prodr. ii. 480 ; Wall. Cat. 5806 ; W. ^ A. Frodr. 280, ex parte. G. glabm, 
Mill. Diet, No. 3. 

Eastern and Western Peninsulas. Cetlon. — Distrib. Malay isles, Polynesia, 
West Indies. 

Very near C. Bonducella, from which it differs by its more robust habit, less 
downy branches, larger leaflets (often 2-3 in. long), the absence of the reduced sti- 
pular pinnae, by its smaller not squarrose bracts, and more tropical dispersion. 

Sfbgen. 2. Suceesalpinla. Fod dry, naked on the valves, indehiscent or 
finally dehiscing, the sutures thin except in C. sepiaria. Fetah broad. 

3. C. Nug^a, Ait. Hort. Keiv, iii. 32 ; glabrous, pinnae 4-6, leaflets 4-6 
large ovate, stamens little exserted, pod woody broad-oblong 1-seeded. Gui- 
landina Nuga, Linn. Sp. Fl. 546. 0. paniculata, Roxh. Hort. Beng. 32 ; Fl. 
Ind. ii. 364; DC. Frodr. ii. 481; W. Sf A. F'odr. 281; Wight Ic. i. m-, 
Dalz. Sr Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 79. 0. siunatrana, Wall. Cat. 5831 B, 0, non Roxb. 
C. bijuga. Wall Cat. 5833, non Sw. 0. scandens, Kcenig-, DC. Frodr. ii. 482 ; 
Wall. Cat. 5829. 

Chittagong, Silhet, Eastern and Western Peninsulas, and Ceylon. — Distrib. 
Malay isles, Philippines, China, N. Australia, Polynesia. 

Branches slender, A'ery flexuose. Prickles copious, dark-ccloured, hooked. Leaf- 
lets distinctly petioluled, l|-2 in. long, obtuse, glossy. Racemes axillary and terminal, 
copiously panicled, with spreading branches ; pedicels as long as the calyx. Cali/x 
glabroxis, |-J in. Petals scarcely exserted. Filaments densely woolly in the lower 
half. Pod 2 in. long, broad, oblong, beaked, hard, glabrous, indehiscent, rather 
turgid. 

4. C. Sappan, Linn.: DC. Frodr. ii. 482; subglabrous, pinnae 20-24, 
leaflets 20-30 moderately small oblong very oblique, stamens little exserted, pod 
oblique oblong woody 3-4-seeded. Roxb. Cor. Fl. i. 17, t. 16 ; Hort. Beng. 32 ; 
Fl. Ind. ii. 357; Wall. Cat. 5838; W. ^ A. Frodr. 281; Bedd. Fl. Sglv. 90; 
Anal. Gen. t. xiii. fig. 1. Biancaea Sappan, Todaro Hort. Bot. Fanorm. 3. 

Eastern and Western Peninsulas and Pegu. — Distrib, Malay isles. 

A small. tree. Prickles small &nd few. Leaf -rsichis ^-1 ft. long; leaflets close, 
sessile, subcoriaceous, ^-| in. long, attached at the lowest corner. Panicles often as 
long as the leaves, the young branches slightly ferrugineo-pubescent ; bracts large, 
lanceolate, caducous ; pedicels ^-| in. Cal^x f in., glabrous. Filaments densely 
woolly in the lower half. Ovari/ grey- velvety. Pod 3-4 in. by 1^ in., subcompressed, 
polished, indehiscent, with a hard recurved beak at the upper angle. 

5. C. pulcherrima, Swartz, Obs. 166; glabrous, pinnae 12-18, leaflets 
20-24 small oblique-oblong, stamens much exserted, pod thin ligulate flat gla- 
brous 6-8-seeded. Poinciana pulcherrima^ Linn. ; Bot. Mag. t. 995 ; Roxb. 
Fl. Ind. ii. 355 ; DC. F'odr. ii. 484; Wall. Cat. 5813; W. 8f A. F'odr. 282.— 
Rkeede Hort. Mai. vi. t. 1. 

Universally cultivated through India and elsewhere in the tropics ; the native 
country not clearly known. 

A shrub or small tree. Prickles few and scattered on the branches. Leaflets sessile, 
close, membranous, |^-| in. long, not so oblique as in the last, very obtuse. Racemes 
very broad, the lowf-r pedicels 3-4 in. long. Cali/x ^ in., glabrous. Petals round, 
crisped, reddish-yellow, with a very distinct claw, the largest and most showy of all the 
species. Filaments bright red, 3-4 times the length of the corolla. Pod nearly straight, 
2-3 in. long, the narrowest and thinnest of that of any of the species. 



256 L. LEGUMiNOS-s. (J. G. Baker.) [Gcesalpinia. 

6. C. sepiarla, Roxb. HoH. Beng. 32 ; Fl. Ind. ii. 360 ; downy, pinnae 
12-20, leaflets 16-24 small oblono:, stamens little exserted, pod oblong-ligulate 
subturgid veined 4-8-8eeded. Wall. Cat. 6834, excl H., W. 8r A. Prodr. 282 ; 
Wight Ic. t. 37 ; Dalz. <§• Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 80. 0. ferox, Hassk. PL Jav. Bar. 
400. 0. japonica, Sieb. ^ Zucc. Fl. Jap. 9. 0. crista, Thurib. Fl. Jap. 179, non 
Linn. Reichardia decapetala, Roth ; DC. Prodr. ii. 484. Biancrea scandens, 
Todaro Hort. Bot. Panorm. 4, t. 1. 

Himalayas to Ceylon and Ava, ascending to 4000 ft. in the North-West— Dis- 
TBiB. Malay isles, China, Japan and introduced in Tropical America. 

Branches more or less densely coated with grey or brown pubescence. Prickles 
small, copious, hooked, pale brown. Leaves |-1 ft. long ; pinnae distinctly stalked ; 
leaflets membranous, very obtuse, ^-1 in. long, green and glabrous above, glaucous 
and slightly pubescent beneath. Racemes simple, distinctly-peduncled, ^1 ft. long ; 
pedicels rigidly erecto-patent, twice the length of the calyx. Calyx f-^ in., more or 
less pubescent. Corolla \ in., bright yellow. Filaments densely woolly in the lower 
half. Pod 3-6 in. by above 1 in., sublignose, glabrous, rather recurved, with the upper 
suture dilated into a narrow Derris-Vike wing, subindehiscent. 

7. C. mlmosoides, Lam. III. t. 335, %. 2 ; dovmy, pinnae 20-60, leaflets 
20-40 oblono* very small, stamens little exserted, pod recurved oblong very 
turgid 2-8eeded. DC. Prodr. ii. 482 ; W. 8f A. Podr. 281 ; Wight. Ic. t. 392 ; 
Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 80. C. Simora, Ham. in Roxb. Hort. Beng. 32 ; Fl. Ind. 
ii. 359. 0. resupinata, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 32 ; Fl. Ind. ii. 362. C. horrida, 

Wall. Cat. 5836. C. armata, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5840. Biancsea mimosoides, 

Todaro Hort. Bot. Panorm. 3. 

BiEMA at Chappedong, Wallich. Western Peninstjla. Ceylon. 

Branches armed with copious irregular small prickles, passing down gradually 
into aciculi, bristles and hairs. Leaves 1-1^ ft. long, much narrower than in the other 
species ; leaflets sessile, membranous, sensitive, glabrous, \-^ in. long. Racemes lax, 
simple, 1-2 ft. long, the rachis densely prickly and like the rigidly erecto-patent 
prickles very, rough with hard raised points ; pedicels 2-3 times the length of the 
calyx. Calyx \-^ in., more or less downy. Petals broad, bright yellow, scarcely ex 
serted. Filaments densely woolly in the lower half. Pod under 2 in. long, more 
turgid than in the other species, half an inch thick, narrowed to the base, hard, sub 
indehiscent, clothed with minute deciduous bristles, truncate at the end with a short 
recurved beak, the sutures not at all thickened, 

SiTBGEN. 3. CinclldocarpuB (Z. & M.). Pod rather fleshy, indehiscent, 
naked on the faces, the sutures much thickened. Petals broad. 

8. C. dlg'yTia, Rottl. ; DC. Pi'odr. ii. 482 ; leaflets 16-20 membranous, 
pedicels spreading 2-4 times the length of the calyx. Wall. Cat. 6839 ; W. 8f 
A. Prodr. 281. 0. oleosperma, Roxb. H&rt. Beng. 32 ; Fl. Ind. ii. 366. C. 
flavicans, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5825. 0. gracilis, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 110. 
Pterolobium lacerans. Wall. Cat. 5841, F. & I. 

Eastern Himalayas, Eastern and Western Peninsulas, and Ceylon. — 
DiSTRiB. Malay isles. 

Branches glabrous or slightly downy ; prickles scattered, uniform. Leaves ^-| ft. 
long ; leaflets close, oblong, obtuse, sessile, |-^ in. long, dark green and glabrous 
above, grey and glabrescent or obscurely downy beneath. Racemes peduncled, simple, 
equalling or exceeding the leaves ; pedicels ^1 in,, slender, glabrous, spreading hori- 
zontally or rather detiexed. Calyx glabrous, |-i in. Stamens little exserted, woolly. 
Pod oblong, glabrous, 1^2 in. long, 2-4-seeded, turgid, torulose. 

9. C. oinclldocarpa, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 110 ; leaflets 28-36 rigidly 
Bubcoriaceous, racemes copiously panicled, pedicels erecto-patent as long at the 



Ccesalpinia.'] L. leguminosjj. (J. G. Baker.) 257 

calyx. Oinclidocarpus nitidus, Zoll. <§• Moritzt Nat. G&neesk. iii. 74. C. mi- 
crophylla, Hamilt. m Wall. Cat. 5^6. 0. tortuosa, Wall. Cat. 6827 D. 

Assam and Silhet. — Distkib. Java. 

Obscurely downy. Prickles scattered, uniform. Leaves a foot or more long ; 
pinnae 20-24 ; leaflets close, sessile, obtuse, Ugulate, caducous, ^| in. by ^ in., glossy 
above. Panicles oft^n as long as the leaves, with finely downy rachises and pedicels. 
Calyx f-^ in. Petals voxxudi with ^ claw, bright yellow. Stamens little exserted. Pod 
oblong, indehiscent, 2-3 in. by 1 in., glabrous, 3-4-seeded. 

10. C. tortuosa, Roxh. Hart. Beng. 32 ; Fl. Ind. ii. 365 ; leaflets 
40-60 rigidly subcoriaceous, racemes simple, pedicels erecto-patent as Ions as the 
calyx. Wall: Cat. 6827 A, B, 0. r -c 

Tenasserim, Wallich. — Distrib. Malay isles. 

Branches slightly downy. Prickles small, scattered, uniform. Leaves 1-1^ ft. 
long ; pinnae 30-40 ; leaflets close, glossy, sessile, narrow ligulate, obtuse, ^-|- in. by 
^ in., just like those of the last in shape and texture. Bacemes as long as the leaves. 
Calyx f in., glabrous. Pod just like those of the two preceding. 

97. PEZ.TOPKORUM, Vogel. 

^ Tall unarmed trees. Leaves abruptly bipinnate. Flowers showy, yellow, in 
axillary and panicled terminal racemes. Calyx with the disk confined to the 
base ; "teeth subequal, very deep, imbricate. Petals oblong or roundish, imbri- 
cated, spreading. Stamens 10, free, declinate ; filaments with a dense tuft of 
hairs at the base; anthers uniform, linear-oblong. Ovary sessile, free, few- 
ovuled ; style long, filiform, incurved, stigma large peltate. Pod oblong, flat, 
thin, hard, indehiscent,' with a firm broad wing on each suture. — Distrib. 
Species 6, cosmopolitan in the Tropics. 

1. P. ferru^inewmf Benth. Fl. Austral, ii. 279; flowering pedicels at 
most as long as the calyx. Oaesalpinia ferruginea, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 111. 
C. arborea, Miq. loc. cit. 112. 0. Glenniei^ Thwaites Fnum. 414. 0. inermis, 
Boxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 367. Poinciana Roxburghii, G. Don Gen. Syst. ii. 433. 

Singapore, Malacca, Andamans, and Ceylon. — Distrib. Malay isles, N. Aus- 
tralia. 

Young branches clothed with thin bright reddish-brown tomentum. Leaves dis- 
tinctly petioled,i-l ft. long; pinnae opposite, 16-20, \~\ ft. long; leaflets 20-30, 
close, ligulate-oblong, sessile, obtuse, unequal-sided, ^-| in. long, rigidly subcoriace- 
ous, slightly tomentose below. Branches of the panicle numerous, stiffly erecto-patent, 
conspicuously ferrugineo-tomentose, as is also the calyx ; bracts minute, lanceolate! 
caducous. Calyx \ in. deep. Pod 1-4-seeded, rigid, glabrous, 2-4 in. by 1 in., narrowed 
to both ends, closely longitudinally veined. 

2. P. dasyrachls, Kurz MSS. ; flowering pedicels 3-4 times as long 
as the calyx. Csesalpinia dasyrachis, Miq. Flar. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 292. 0. 
Finlaysoniana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5971. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. — Distrib. Java, Sumatra. 

Very near P.ferrugineum, with which it agrees in vestiture and leaves. Flower- 
racemes 6-9 in. by 3 in. ; lower pedicels patent or rather reflexed, 1-li in. long ; 
bracts linear, subpersistent, ^ in. long. Flowers rather larger. PocT the same shape* 
but rather larger, thinner and not reticulately veined. 

98. xmszozr&uRvia, Z)«s/. 

Robust woody prickly climbers. Leaves abruptly bipinnate. Flmcers in 
ample panicled racemes. Calyx very oblique, usually deeply cleft, with the diak 



258 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [^Mezoneurum. 

conned to the base or extending upwards, the lobes imbricated, the lowest the 
longest, remarkably hood-like. Petals spreading, obovate-spathulate, subeqiial. 
Stamens free, declinate, usually exserted ; anthers oblong, uniform. Ovanj ses- 
sile, many-ovuled ; style filiform, incurved with the stamens, stigma snaall capi- 
tate. Pod large, oblong, flat, thin, indehiscent, with a broad wing down the 
upper suture. — Distrib. Species 10, mostly Trop. Asiatic, confined to the old 
world. 

* Sumezoneuron. Calyx deeply cleft ; disk basal. 

1. ZH. cucullatum, W. 4* ^- Prodr. 283 ; leaflets 8-10 large ovate acute 
glabrous, stamens much exceeding the calyx. Dalz. 8f Gibs. Bomb Fl. 80. 
Csesalpinia cucullata, Roxb. Hort. Beng,^2; Fl. Ind. ii. 358; G. Don Gen. 
Syst. ii. 431 ; Wall. Cat. 5828, excl. B. M. macrophyllum, Blume ; Miq. Flor. 
Ind. Bat. i. 104. 

Eastern Himalayas from Nipal, ascending to 4.000 ft. to the Khasia hills, 
Behar and the Western Peninsula.— Distrib. Malay isles. 

Branches glabrous, with small dark hooked scattered prickles. Leaf-va,Qh.\s, ^-1 ft. 
long; pinnse 4-10 long-stalked ; leaflets rigidly subcoriaceous, 1-2 in. long, glaJ^rous, 
dark-green above, subdistant, rather glaucous below. Racemes simple or forked, 
sometimes as long as the leaves, the rachis virgate, tinged with yellow ; pedicels as 
long as the calyx, which is the most oblique of all the species, with the posterior sepal 
and petal very cucullate. Calyx f in., glabrous, tinged with yellow. Petals bright 
yellow, streaked with red. Filaments faintly ciliated near the base. Pod like that of 
a Balbergia, with a single large seed in the middle, 3-4 in. long, with a wing like 
the valves in texture i-f in. broad. 

Var. grandis, Heyne in Wall. Cat. 5830, under Caesalpinia. sp. ; larger in all its 
parts, the leaflets 3-4 in. long, and wing of the pod ^ in. broad. Guilandina macro- 
carpa, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5804.— Distribution of the type. 

Rheede Hort. Mai. vol. vi. t. 20, on which is founded Guilandina axillaris, Lam. 
(Cfesalpinia ? axillaris, DC. Prodr. ii. 481) is probably made up of the leaf of this and 
pod of Ccesalpinia Sapjpan. 

2. M. g-labrum, Desf. in Mem. Mus. iv. 246, t. 10 ; leaflets 14-10 small 
glabrous oblong obtuse distinctly stalked, stamens much exceeding the calyx. 
DC. Prodr. ii. 484. Csesalpinia furfuracea, Wall. Cat. 5835. 

Tenasserim, Wallich. — Distrib. Philippines, Timor. 

Branches glabrous, the falcate prickles almost restricted to the base of the pinnae. 
Leaves 1 ft. long; pinnse 12-14, distinctly stalked; leaflets membranous, caducous, 
close, dark green, alternate, ^-| in. long. Racemes simple or forked, as long as the 
leaves ; pedicels exceeding the calyx. Calyx glabrous, ^ in. long, less oblique than in 
the last, the upper teeth reaching half down, the lowest twice as long. Filaments 
densely ciliated near the base. Pod 5-6 in. by 1| in., 2-4-seeded, with a wing i-| in. 
broad. 

3. M. enneaphyllum, W. ^ A, Prodr. 283 ; leaflets 18-22 small gla- 
brous oblong obtuse subsessile, stamens slightly exceeding the calyx. Csesal- 
pinia enneaphylla, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 32 ; Fl. Ind. ii. 363 ; Miq. Flor. Ind. 
Bat. i. 104, tab. 2 B, C. sepiaria. Wall. Cat. 5834 H. 

Ck.cvLA.-RQ.ndiC-BXTixGQ'SG, Hook. fil. and Thomson. Tavoy, Gomez. T-mv, McClel- 
land. Ceylon, 7%wazYf 5.— Distrib. Malay isles. 

Branches slender, glabrous ; prickles copious, minute, falcate. Leaves |-1 ft. long ; 
pinnse 16-20, distinctly Stalked, 2-3 in. long ; leaflets sensitive, glabrous, membranous, 
I I in. long. Racemes copiously panicled, sometimes a foot long ; pedicels slender, 
glabrous or pubescent, twice as long as the calyx. i^Zower smaller than in the last. 
Calyx \-^ in., glabrous. Coro^Za bright yellow. Filaments densely woolly at the base. 
Pod 3-4 in. long by less than 1 in., thin and glossy, 4-6-seeded ; wing i-f in. broad.— 
Very like Ccesalpinia sepiaria in habit and inflorescence. 



Mezoneurum.'l L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) 259 

4, m. pubescens, Desf. in Mem. Mus. iv. 246, t. 11 ; leaflets 12-lC 
small oblong obtuse pubescent subsessile, stamens slightly exceeding the calyx. 
Oaesalpinia hymenocarpa, Wall. Cat. 5832. 

AvA ; Taong-dong, Wallich. Ceylon, Thwaites. — Distrib. Malay isles. 

General habit and inflorescence of the last. Branches, leaves below and calyx 
densely finely grey-downy. Plnncs 12-24, distinctly stalked; leaflets sensitive, 
^1 in. long. Racemes close, copiously panicled ; pedicels erecto-patent, twice the 
calyx. Flowers larger than in the last, bright yellow. Filaments densely woolly near 
the base. Pod 3-4-seeded, 3-4 in. by 1 in. broad, without the wing. 

** Tubicalyx, Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 1081. Calyx shallowly cleft with 
the disk extending above the base. 

5. m. sumatranum, W. ^ A. Prodr. 283. Csesalpinia sumatrana, 
Roxh. Hort. Beng. '62 ; Fl. Ind. ii. 366 ; Wall Cat. 5831, A,not B and 0. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. — Distrib. Malay isles. 

Branches thick, rather downy, armed with copious small falcate prickles. Leaves 
a foot or more long ; pinnse and leaflets both 8-10, the latter obovate -oblong, rigidly 
coriaceous, glabrous, obtuse, 2-3 in. long. Racemes as long as the leaves, forked ; 
rachis virgate, woody ; pedicels very short. Calyx glabrous, |— ^ in. long, the upper 
teeth not more than ^ in. deep, the lowest rather longer, the tube splitting off at the 
insertion of the glabrous filaments. Petals little exserted, reddish-yellow, much nar- 
rower than in the other species, permanently imbricated, oblanceolate-spathulate. 
Pod thin, 3-4 in. by 1 in., 3-4-seeded, with a moderately broad wing. — The structure 
of the flower is so different from that of the other species that it would probably be 
better to separate it generically, and place it next to Wagatea. 



99. PTEROX-OBZUm, B. Br. 

Woody climbers, with the habit of Ct^alpinia, from which they differ only 
in pod. Calyx deeply cleft, with the disk near the base, the lobes imbricated, 
the lowest longer and more hooded than the others. Petals spreading, oblong 
and clawed, equalling the calyx. Stamens 10, free, declinate, little exserted ; 
anthers oblong, versatile. Ovary sessile, 1-ovuled ; style filiform, stigma small 
terminal. Pod indehiscent, samaroid, with a large horny oblique terminal 
wing. — Distrib. Species 4, spread through the Tropics of the old world. 

1. P. indicum, A. Rich. Fl. Abyss, i. 246. Oaesalpinia lacerans, Roxb. 
Fl. Ind. ii. 367. Pterolobium lacerans. Wall. Cat. 6841, A to E ; W. ^ A. 
Prodr. 283 ; Wt. Icones, t. 196 ; Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2 71 vnn 
R. Br. Keichardia hexapetala, i2o«JA ; DC. Prodr. ii. 484, 

Western Peninsula . 

Branches slender, finely downy; prickles minute, hooked, uniform. Pmnce 8-16 ; 
leaflets 12-16, close, sessile, oblong, obtuse, membranous, sensitive, ^ in. long, glabrous, 
pale green. Racemes 2-3 in. long, copiously panicled at the end of the branches ; 
pedicels finely downy, spreading, |-^ in. Calyx glabrous, i-i in. ; lowest sepal longest. 
Corolla yellow, not showy, as long as the lowest sepal. Pod 1^-1^ in. ; wing ^-l in. 
by |-| in. 

Var. 1. microphyllum, Miq. ; Kurz, loc. cit. sp. ; racemes copiously panicled, leaflets 
f in. long, pod 2 in. long with an obtuse or obliquely acute wing I3-II in. by i in.— 
TtndL&SQvym, Heifer. Malacca, Maingay. — Distrib. Malay isles. 

Var. 2. macropterum, Kurz, loc. cit. sp. ; branches stouter, leaflets mucli larger, 
pod 2^2| in. long with an obtuse wing 1^-2 in. by |-| in.— Pegu, Martaban, 
Tenasserim. 



260 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Foinciana. 



100. POZNCZANA, Linn. 

Erect unarmed trees. Leaves just those of Cessalpima. Flowers in corym- 
bose racemes. Calyx deeply cleft, with the disk a little above the base, the 
segments valvate, oblanceolate, subequal. Petals spreading, subequal, orbicular, 
with a claw, the blade crispato-fimbriate. Stamens 10, free, declinate, much 
exserted ; anthers oblong, versatile. Ovary subsessile, many-ovuled ; style very 
long, filiform, stigma minute capitate. Pod fiat, thin, dehiscent, ligulate, con- 
tinuous within, the sutures neither thickened nor winged. — Distrib. Species 
2-3, Trop. Afirican and Asiatic. 

1. P. elata, Xmw. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 484; Poxb. Fl Ind. ii. 355; Wall. 
Cat. 5812 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 282 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 178 ; Caesalpinia elata, 
Sivartz Obs. 166. 

Truly •wild in the Western Peninsula, planted elsewhere. — Distrib. Arabia, W. 
Trop. Africa. 

An erect tree, 20-30 ft. high. Leaves ^-| ft. long ; pinnae 10-16 ; leaflets 30-40, 
membranous, caducous, close, sessile, obtuse, ligulate. Flowers in corymbose 
racemes ; pedicels and obovoid buds finely grey-downy. Calyx very coriaceous, 
|-1 in. long. Petals scarcely exserted, an inch broad, shortly clawed. Filaments 
bright red, 3-4 times the length of the calyx, downy near the base. Pod 6-8 in. long 
by above an inch, 4-8-seeded. — The Mascarene P. regia, Bojer, with petals much 
» exceeding the calyx, is frequently planted in India. 

101. PAXIKZNSONIA, Linn. 

Trees. Leaves with 2-6 pinnae from a very short rachis. Flowers yellow, in 
short racemes. Calyx deeply cleft, with a subbasal disk, the divisions subval- 
vate, lanceolate, subequal. Petals exserted, brbad, the upper with a long claw. 
Stamens 10, included, villose ; anthers versatile. Ovary short-stalked, many- 
ovuled ; style filiform, stigma terminal. Pod turgid, dry, moniliform, finally 
dehiscing. — Distrib. Species 3, of which 2 are American, the other Cape. 

1. P. aculeata, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 486; Roxb. Hart. Peng. SI ; W. 
^ A. Prodr. 284 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 91 ; Anal. Gen. t. 13, fig. 2. 

Universally cultivated and often naturalised. A native of Tropical America. 

A glabrous bush or low tree, armed with sharp woody spines, which represent the 
primary rachis of a bipinnate leaf and have 2-6 pinnse congested in their axils. Pinna 
i-1 ft. long, the rachis much flattened, so that when the very minute obtuse oblanceo- 
late leaflets have fallen or are not developed they resemble the phyllodes of an acacia. 
BaccTnes lax, shorter than the leaves ; pedicels long, slen<^er, erecto-patent. Corolla 
Pod 3-4 in. long. 

102. WAGATZSA, Dalz. 

A climbing shrub. Leaves abruptly bipinnate. Floioefrs in long simple or 
panicle d spikes. Calyx cleft about half way down into 5 obtuse teeth, the lowest 
the longest and wrapt over the others, the disk high up in the tube. Petals ob- 
lanceolate, obtuse, subequal, little exserted. Stamens 10, included, nearly 
straight, filaments naked ; anthers oblong. Ovai^y sessile, many-ovuled ; style 
slightly clubbed at the tip, stigma oblique. Pod ligulate-oblong, indehiscent, 
few-seeded, subtorulose, with thickened sutures, not winged. — Distrib. 
Endemic. 



Wagatea.l L. leguminos^. (J. G. Baker.) 2(51 

1. tV. spicata, Dalz. in Xew Jcmrn. iii. 90; Wight Ic. t. 1996; Dalz. ^ 
Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 80. Oaesalpinia mimosoides, Heyne in Wall. Cat. 6837, non 
Lam. 0. ferox, Hohen. PI. Ind. Or. Exs. No. 414, mm Hassk. 

Hills of Westebn Peninscla. 

A robtist woody pr ckly climber. Leaves f-1 ft. long and broad ; pinnae 8-12 ; 
leaflets 12-14, nearly sessile, oblong, obtuse, or subacute, 1-2 in. long, rigidly subcoria- 
ceous, glabrous, venulose. Flowers in long simple or panicled dense subspicate 
racemes with a thick furrowed woody finely brown-downy axis ; bracts minute, lan- 
ceolate-cuspidate. Calyx f in., scarlet. Petals orange. Pod like that of Cessalpinia 
digyna. 

Gleditschia sinensis, Linn. ; Wall. Cat. 5811, is known in India in cultivation 
only. 

103. CASSIA, Linn. 

Erect shrubs or trees, rarely herbs. Leaves simple, abruptly pinnate. Flowers 
usually large and showy, in axillary racemes and terminal panicles. Calyx- 
tube very short ; sepals broad or narrow, imbricated. Petals 6, imbricated, sub- 
equal, usually broad. Stamens normally 10, but rarely all perfect, 3-5 being 
often reduced to staminodia or altogether absent ; anthers mostly but not inva- 
riably basifixed,, dehiscing by terminal pores or with the slit more or less con- 
tinued longitudinally. Ovary sessile or stalked, many-ovuled ; style incurved, 
stigma terminal. Pod very variable, terete or flat, usually septate, the albumi- 
nous seeds flattened, sometimes parallel vsdth the valves, sometimes with the septa, 
dry, dehiscent or indehiscent. — Distrib. Species 340, spread everywhere in the 
tropics, a few extra-tropical. Monographed by Mr. Bentham in Trans. Linn. 
Soc. xxvii. p. 603, t. 60-3. 

Sttbgen. 1. Fistula, BC. (Cassia, JRoxb.) Sepals obtuse. Stamens all 
bearing anthers, of which those of the 2-3 lowest are larger than the others 
and the filaments longer. Pods very large, terete. Seeds compressed parallel 
with the dissepiments. — Trees. 

1. C. Fistula, Zmw. ; L)C. Prodr. ii. 490; leaflets 8-16 large narrowed 
to the point, flowers in long lax racemes, bracts caducous, petals veined bright 
yellow. Poxb. Hort. Bmg. 31 ; Fl. Ind. ii. 333 ; Wall. Cat. 6302 ;: W. Sr A. 
Prodr. 285 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 80 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 91. C. rhoir.bifolia, 
Poxb. Hort. Beng. 31 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 334 ; Wight. Ic. t. 269. 

Centbax and Eastern Himalayas to Ceylon and Malacca, ascending to 3000 ft. 
in KtTMAON, wild and often planted. — Distrib. China, Malay isles. 

A middle-sized erect tree, glabrous in all its parts. Leaves a foot or more long ; 
leaflets 2-6 in. long, ovate, distinctly stalked, usually acute, rigidly subcoriaceoue, pale 
green, strongly veined. Racemes as long as the leaves ; pedicels spreading, 1-A— 2 in. 
long. Calyx ^^ in., glabrous, caducous. Petals obovate, shortly clawed, |-1 in. 
deep. Pod 1-2 ft. long, above an inch thick. 

2. C. nodosa, Hnm. ; Poxb. Hort,. Beng. 31 ; Fl. Ind. iii. 336 ; branches 
slightly downy, leaflets 12-24 moderately large pointed, racemes short corymbose, 
bracts persistent, petals moderately large reddish not veined. Wall. Cat. 6331 ; 
Wight Ic. t. 410. 

Eastern Himalayas and to Malacca. — Distrib. Malay isles, Philippines. 

A tree, reaching a height of 50 feet. Leaves a foot or more long ; leaflets oblong, 
acute, distinctly stalked, 2-4 in. long, rather oblique at the base, glossy, subcoriace- 
ous, strongly veined, with a few obscure short hairs below. Bacemes from the old 



262 L. LEGUMINOS-E. (J. G. Baker.) [Cassia. 

branches, dense, under half a foot- long; bracts silky, lanceolate, persistent ; pedicels 
twice the length of the flower, lower deflexed. Sepals downy, ^^ in. Petals ob- 
long, acute, |-1 in. deep. Pod a ft. long, ^ in. thick. 

3. C. marg^inata, Hoxb. Hort. Beng. 81; Fl. Ind. ii. 338; branchlets 
densely tomentose, leaflets 30-40 small obtuse, racemes short subcorymbose, 
bracts persistent, petals small reddish not veined. 0. Roxburghii, DC. Prodh\ 
ii. 489 ; Wall. Cat. 5308 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 286 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 180 ; Wight 
Illust. t. 83. 

Cetlon and Western Peninsula. 

Branches slender, sulcate. Leaves ^-1 ft. long ; leaflets oblong, deeply emarginate, 
with a distinct mucro, 1-1^ in. long, rigidly subcoriaceous, very oblique, strongly 
veined, persistently grey-downy beneath. Flowers in copious short axillary racemes 
and terminal panicles; bracts ovate-cuspidate; pedicels under 1 in. long. — Flowers 
and pod like that of C. nodosa, but much smaller. 

4. C. renlgera, Wall. Cat. 6307 ; branches densely pubescent, leaflets 
30-40 moderately small obtuse 3-4 times as long as broad, flowers unknown. 
Benth. in Trans. Linn. Soc. xxvii. 518 ; Kurz in Jown. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 
2, 71. 

BiBMA. ; Taong-dong mountains and banks of the Irrawaddi, Wallich. 

Closely allied to C. marginata. Leaves 1 ft. long; leaflets close, nearly pes- 
sile, ligul ate- oblong, 1^2 in. long, broadly rounded at both ends, slightly oblique, 
rigidly coriaceous, finely grey-downy below; stipules oblong, cuspidate, large, mem- 
branous, persistent, fastened above the base. Pod 1 foot long, cylindrical, indehiscent, 
glabrous. 

Sfbgen. 2. Senna {Roxh. ex parte, as a genus). Sepals obtuse. Perfect 
stamens 7, the anthers subequal or those of the 2-3 lowest larger than the 
others ; three posterior filaments without anthers. Pods compressed, rarely 
terete, the seeds usually flattened parallel with the valves. — Some trees, some 
shrubby herbs. 

* Leaf with a single la?'ge gland placed just above the base of the common 
petiole. 

5. C. occldentalls, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 497 ; leaflets 6-10 ovate- 
oblong. Roxb. Ho7't. Beng. 31 ; W. 8f A. P-odr. 290 ; Bot. Reg. t. 83 ; Dalz. 
4- Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 81 . Senna occidentalis, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 343. C. foetida, 
Pe7'8. Syn. i. 467. C. Sophera, Wall. Cat. 5317, ex paHe. 

Scattered from the Himalayas, to Ceylon, probably introduced. — Distrib. Cos- 
mopolitan, in the tropics. 

A diffuse subglabrous undershrub, a few feet high, usually only of annual dura- 
tion.. Leaves \ it. long; leaflets glaucous, foetid, acuminate, 1-3 in. long, glabrous or 
finely pubescent. Racemes short-peduncled, few- flowered, corymbose, axillary and 
forming a terminal panicle ; bracts thin, orate-acuminate, caducous ; pedicels spreading, 
^-| in. Sepals ohXMSQ, glabrous, \-~ in. Petals \ in. pale lilac, conspicuously veined. 
Pod 4-5 in. .by ^ in., rather recurved, glabrous, subcompressed, distinctly torulose. 
Seeds 15-30. 

6. C. Sophera, Xewn. ; DC. Proc?r. ii. 492 ; leaflets 12-24 oblong-lanceo- 
late. Roxb. Hrn-t. Beng. 31 ; Wall. Cat. 6317, ex parte ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 287 ; 
Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 81. Senna Sophera, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 347. S. escu- 
lenta, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 346. Cassia esculenta, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 31. 0. chi- 
neusis, Jacq.Ic. t. 73. 0. frutescens, Mill. Diet. ^o. 2. C. coromandeliana, 
Jacq. Fragin. Ql^ t. IQO.—Rheede Hort. Mai. ii. t. 52. 



Cassia.] l. leguminos^. (J. Gr. Baker.) 263 

Himalayas to Ceylon and Penakg. — Distrib, Cosmopolitan in the tropics, pro- 
bably native in Asia only. 

Closely allied to C. occidentalis, from which it differs by its more shrubby habit, 
more numerous smaller narrower leaflets and shorter broader more turgid pods, which 
are not usvially torulose when mature. 

Var. purpurea ; Roxb. Hort. Beng. 31, sp. ; leaflets smaller more obtuse not more 
than 1 in. long, branches slender purple. C. purpurea, Bot. Reg. t. 866. Senna pur- 
purea, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 342. 

** Leaf furnished with glands on the main rachis hetiveen the leaflets. 

7. C. Tora, Linn. ; DC. Pi-odr. ii. 493 ; glabrous, leaflets 6 obovate-oblong, 
perfect stamens subequal, pod very long slender subtetragonous, seeds uniseriate. 
Roxb. Hort. Beng. 31 ; Wall. Cat. 5316 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 290 ; Dalz. ^- Gibs. 
Bomb. Fl. 81. Senna Tora and toroides, Roib. Fl. Ind. ii. 340. 0. obtusifolia, 
Linn. Sp. Plant. 539. C. foetida, Salisb. Prod. 326. C. hiunilis and gallinaria, 
Collad. Hist. 96. 0. toroides, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 31. — Rheede Hort. Mai. ii. 
t. 53. 

Universally spread through our limits in a truly wild state, ascending to 5000 ft. 
in the Central Himalayas. — Distrib. Cosmopolitan in the tropics. 

An annual weed, growing up into an undershrub. Lea'^es distinctly petioled ; 
leaflets 1-1 4 in., glaucous, membranous, glabrous ; stipules large, linear-subulate, cadu- 
cous. Flowers usually in nearly sessile pairs in the axils of the leaves, the upper 
crowded. Corolla small, bright yellow. Pods 4-| ft. by ^ in., membranous, the sutures 
very broad, the seeds flattened in the same direction as the pod. 

0. BiCAPSULARis, Linn. ; DC. Pi'odr. ii. 494 ; glabrous, leaflets 6-8, stamens 
very unequal, pod thick terete, seeds biseriate. Roxb. Hort. Beng. 31 ; Wall. 
Cat. 5313; W. ^ A. Prodr. 286. Senna bicapsularis, Boxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 342. 

A native of Tropical America, not unfrequently introduced. 

A shrub, with virgate woody branches Leaves distinctly petioled ; leaflets green, 
membranous, obtuse, ^-^ in. ; stipules small, subulate, caducous. Racemes copious, 
corymbose, as long as the leaves. Flowers middle-sized, bright yellow. Pods mem- 
branous, curved, sausage-shaped, ^ft. long, ^ in. thick, the sutures very narrow. 

C. T0MENT08A, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 496 ; densely pubescent, leaflets 12-16, 
stipules narrow caducous, pod narrow turgid many-seeded. W. Sf A. Prodr. 286. 
0. Wightiana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5329. 

A native of Trop. America, introduced in the Nilghiris and Ceylon. 
A tall }-hrub, with the branches and leaves beneath densely matted with grey to- 
mentum. Leaves short-petioied, 3-4 in. long; leaflets oblong, obtuse, oblique at the 
^base. Flowers bright-yellow, middle-sized, in copious distinctly peduncled corymbose 
racemes. Lower anthers much larger than the others. Pod linear, membranous, 
4--5 in. long, finely downy. — C. tomentosa, Wall. Cat. 5304 is C. hirsuta, Linn., a 
totally different species, also a native of Tropical America. 

8, C. auriculata, Linn. ; DC. Piodr. ii. 496 : finely downy, leaflets 
16-24, stipules broad persistent, pod thin broad few-seeded. Bo.xb. Hoit. 
Bmg. 31 ; Wall. Cat. 5303 ; W. ^' A. Prodr. 290; Dalz. 8r Gibs. Bomb. FL 81. 
Senna auriciilata, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 349. 

Wild in the Central provinces, the Western Peninsula and Ceylon ; often 
planted elsewhere. 

A tall shrub, with the virgate branches and underside of the leaves finely grey- 
downy. Leaves nearly sessile, 2-4 in. long; leaflets obovate-oblong, rigidly subcoria- 
ceous. f-1 in., obtuse or emarginate, with a mucro ; stipules large and foliaceous. 



264 L. LEQUMENOSiE. {J. G. Baker.) [Cassia. 

Flowers very large and showy, an inch deep, bright yellow, in copious eorymbose ra- 
cemes. Fod 4-5 in. long by i— | in., straight, ligulate, glabrous, flexible, dark brown, 
with a distinct space between the uniseriate seeds. 

*** Leaf-rachis vnthout glands. 

9. C* obo^ata, Collad. Hist. Cass. 92, t. 15, A; stipules lanceolate 
persistent, leaflets 8-12, racemes narrow, pod flat oblong much recurved with a 
crest on the middle of the valve opposite each seed. Wall. Cat. 6319 ; Botss. Fi. 
Orient, ii. 631. C. Senna, Linn. Sp. Plant. 639, ex parte. C. obtusa, Roxh. 
HoH. Beng. 31 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 288 ; Wight. Ic. t. 767. Senna obtusa, Roxh. 
Fl. Ind. ii. 344. 0. Burmanni, Wight in Madras Journ. vi. t. 5. 

Punjab, Scinde, Western Peninsula. — Distkib. Arabia, Egypt, Abyssinia. 

Subglabrous, scarcely shrubby, 1-4 ft. high. Leaves distinctly petioled, 2-3 in. 
long ; leaflets obovate- oblong, membranous, very glaucous, obtuse, witli a minute 
mucro, ^H in. Racemes distinctly p6duncled, equalling or exceeding the leaves ; 
pedicels very short. Sepals glabrous, very obtuse. Corolla middle-sized, pale yellow. 
Stamens very unequal. Pod thin, glabrous, flexible, 1-1^ in. by |-^ in, short-stnlked, 
narrowed suddenly at both ends, 6-12-seeded; sutures very thin. — C. angustifolia, 
Vahl. (C, lanceolata. Wall. Cat. 5318, Boyle III. t. 37, W. d; A. Prodr. 288; Senna 
officinalis, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 346), with 10-16 oblong-lanceolate acute leaflets and 
nearly straight oblong pods without crests, is a native of Tropical Africa and has no 
claim to be considered indigenous in India. 

10. C alata, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 492 ; stipules deltoid persistent, 
leaflets 16-28 large, racemes narrow, pod long ligulate with a broad wing down 
the middle of each valve. Roxh. HoH. Beng. 31 ; Wall. Cat. 6301 -, W. i^ A. 
Prodr. 287 ; Wight Lc. t. 263. Senna alata, Roxh. Fl. Lnd. ii. 349. C. brac- 
teata, Linn. Jit. ; DC. loc. cit. C. herpetica, Jacq. Obs. ii. 24, t. 46, fig. 2. 

Lower Bengax, Western Peninsula, Birma and Malacca. — Distrib. Cosmo- 
politan in the tropics, 

A shrub, with very thick finely downy branches. Leaves subsessile, 1-2 ft. long ; 
leaflets oblong, obtuse, 2-6 in. long, minutely mucronate, rigidly subcoriaceous, gla- 
brous or obscm-ely downy beneath, broadly rounded, oblique at the base ; rachis nar- 
rowly winged on each side of the face. Racemes peduncled, ^-1 ft. ; bracts large, mem- 
branous, caducous. Corolla yellow, very distinctly veined. Stamens very unequal. 
Pod membranous, dehiscent, straight, glabrous, 4-8 in. by ^— | in. Seeds 50 or more. 

11. C. siamea, Lam.; DC. Prodr. ii. 499; stipules minute caducous, 
leaflets 12-28 with a minute mucro, racemes corymbose forming a long end 
panicle, pod ligulate flat not winged, the sutures slightly thickened. 0. florida, 

Vahl ; DC. Prodr. ii. 499 ; W. 8^ A. Prodr. 288 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 179. C. 
sumatrana, Roxh. Hmt. Beng. 31 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 606; Wall. Cat. 6306. Senna 
sumatrana, Roxh. Fl. Lnd. ii. 347. 

Western Peninsula, Ceylon, Malayan Peninsula and Siam. — Distrib. Malay 
isles. 

A low tree, with virgate finely grey-downy terete branchlets. Leaves ^-1 ft. ; 
leaflets oblong, glaucous, subcoriaceous, emarginate, strongly veined, subglabrous, dis- 
tinctly stalked, 2-3 in. long. Corymbs crowded, both axillary and in a terminal 
panicle |— 1 ft. long, with grey-pubescent branches. Sepals downy, very obtuse. 
Petals middle-sized, bright yellow, not veined. Stamens subequal. Pod nearly 
straight, flat, distinctly stalked, 6-9 in. by ^ in., firmer in texture and with thicker 
sutures than in the two next. 

12. C. montana, Heyne\ DC. Prodr. ii. 499; stipules minute caducous, 
leaflets 20-30 with a large mucro, racemes corymbose forming a long end pa- 



Cassia.'] L. leguminos^e. (J. G. Baker.) 265 

nicle, pod ligulate thin flat not winged, with thin sutures. W. Sr A, Prodr. 
289 ; halz. |-, Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 81. C. setigera, DC. Piodr. loc. cit. ; Wall Cat. 
6330. 

Hills of the Western Pkninsuxa. 

A shrub, with slender glabrous obscurely downy virgate branchlets. Leaves peti- 
oled, 4-6 in. ; leaflets membranous, firm, oblong, obtuse, glabrous, glaucous, l-l| in. 
long, tipped with a conspicuous bristle. Corymbs copious, both axillary and forming long 
end panicles. Sepals obtuse, glabrous. Corolla yellow, middle-sized, not veined. 
Stamens subequal. Fod stalked, nearly straight, 3-5 in. by ^— | in., glossy, brown, 
12-20-seeded. 

13. C. tixnoriensis, DC. Prodr. ii. 499; stipules persistent foliaceous, 
leaflets 20-24 with a minute mucro, racemes corymbose forming a long end 
panicle, pod ligulate thin flat not winged, the sutures thin. C. palmata, Wall. 
Cat. 6306. 

BiRMA, Martaban, Tenasserim, Ceylon. — Distrib. Malay isles, Philippines, N. 
Australia. 

A, low tree, with slender finely downy branches. Leaves \-\ ft , distinctly petioled ; 
leaflets oblong, obtuse, 1-2 in., membranous, pale gre6n, finely downy below. Sepals 
downy, very obtuse. Corolla bright yellow, middle-sized, slightly veined. Pod 
straight, thin, glossy, flexible, dehiscent, 5-6 in. by ^-| in., distinctly stalked, 12-20- 
seeded. 

SuBGEN^. 3. Psilorbegrma, Vogel. Like the last, but all the ten stamens 
perfect, with subequal anthers. 

14. C. ^lauca, Lam.\ DC Prodr. ii. 495; Wall. Cat. 6312; W. 8f A. 
Prodr. 289 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 91. C. surattensis, Burm. Fl. Ind. 97. C. arbo- 
rescens, Vahl Syrnb. iii. 56 ; Roxb. Hort. Beny. 31. C. fastigiata, VaJil Symb. 
iii. 67 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 290. Senna arborescens, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 345. 

Himalayas to Ceylon and Malacca. — Distrib. Malay isles, Trop. Australia, 
Polynesia. 

A tall tree, with glabrous terete branchlets. Leaves distinctly petioled, ^| ft. ; 
leaflets ovate, acute or subobtuse, 2-4 in. long, subcoriaceous, very glaucous ; rachis 
with conspicuous glands between the lower, rarely {C. fastigiata, Vahl), between all the 
leaves ; stipules narrow, caducous. Racemes corymbose, not panicled. Sepals large, 
obtuse. Flovjers large, bright yellow. Pod flat, thin, strap-shaped, glabrous, 6-8 in. 
long, ^-1 in. broad, distinctly stalked, 20-30-seeded. 

Var. sufruticosa, Koenig ; DC. Prodr. ii. 496, sp,; leaflets 16-18 smaller more 
numerous obtuse 1-2 in. long, flowers and pods much smaller, the latter not more 
than 3-4 in. long 10-12-seeded. C. suffruticosa. Wall. Cat. 5311 ; W. dp- A. Prodr. 
289. C. speciosa, Roxb. Hort. Beng.. 31. Senna speciosa, Roxb. FL Ind. ii. 347. C. 
Horsfieldii, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 99. — Distribution of the type. 

SuBGEN. 4. Zlasibrlieg'xna, Benth. Sepals narrow. Stamens 6-10, all 
perfect. Pod small, strap-shaped, flat, dehiscent, the seeds compressed parallel 
with the valves. — Diffuse low slender annual or perennial herbs. 

* Leaflets 4, large^ membranous. 

16. C. Absus, Linn. \ DC. Prodr. ii. 600; Roxb. Hort. Beng. 31; WaU. 
Cat. 5314; W. ^ A. Prodr. 291. 0. exigua, Roxb. Hort. Beng. 31. Senna 
Absus, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 340. S. exigua, Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 339. 0. coccinea, 
Wall. Cat. 5316. 

Foot of the Western Himalayas to Ceylon.— -Distrib. Everywhere in the tropics 
of old world. 



^66 L. LEGUMiNOs^. (J. G. Baker.) [Ccufsia. 

An erect annual, 1-2 ft. high, with stem and leaves clothed with grey bristly vis- 
cose hairs. Leaves long-petioled ; leaflets oblong, very oblique, 1-2 in. long, obtuse 
or subacute : stipules small, linear, persistent. Racemes narrow, equalling or exceed- 
ing the leares. Sepals lanceolate, bristly, ^-\ in. Corolla reddish-yellow, very small. 
Pod oblique, ligulate, 1-1 ^ in. long, 5-6-seeded, the thin valves beset with grey bristly 
hairs. 

** Leaflets very numerous, close, small, narrow, ingidly svhcoriaceous (Mimo- 
soideae). 

16. C pumUa, i«m. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 504; gland of petiole stipitate, 
stamens 5, seeds 6-12. Wall Cat. 6327 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 292. C. prostrata, 
Roxh. HoH, Beng. 32 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomh. Fl. 82. Senna prostrata, Roxh. FL 
Ind. ii. 352. 

From the Himalayas (ascending to 6-7000 ft.) to Ceylon. — Distrib. Malay 
isles, Trop. Australia. 

A low very diiFuse shrub, with slender finely downy branches. Leaf 1-2 in. long ; 
leaflets 20-40, ^-^ in. long, distinctly mucronate, the midrib close to the upper border ; 
stipules linear, rigid, persistent. Flowers usunlly solitary in the axils of .the leaves, 
on very short pedicels. Sepals ^ in. Corolla little exserted. Anthem 5 equal. Pod 
3^1^ in, by ^-^ in. — Probably this and the next are mere varieties of C. wiwio- 



17. C. ILlelnii, W. 8f A. Prodr. 293 ; gland of petiole stipitate, stamens 
10, seeds 10-15. 0. dimidiata, Klein \ Wall. Cat. 5328, wo/J Doii. 

Westrrn Peninsula and Ceylon. — Distrib. Java. 

Very like C. pumila, but more robust, the branches thinly or densely pilose. 
Leaflets 20-40, reduced to 8-12 on the lowest leaves, |-^ in. long, rigidly coriaceous, 
strongly veined, with a distinct oblique mucro, the midrib close to the upper border. 
Flowers 1-3 together in the axils of the leaves, on downy bracteate pedicels. Calyx 
\-^ in. Petals obovate, little exserted. Pod 1^2 in. long, rather recurved, black- 
ish, glabtescent. 

18. C. mlmosoides, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii, 505 ; gland of petiole 
sessile, stamens 10 rarely 5, seeds 10-20. C. angustissima. Lam. ; DC. P'odr. 
loc. cit. ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 292. 0. Roxburghiana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5323. 
0. amoena, Ham. in Wall. Cat. 5321. C. sensitiva and tenella, -Ro,i-6. JTor^. ^en^. 
32. Senna sensitiva and tenella, Roxh. Fl. Ind. 353-4. 

Himalayas, ascending to 5-6000 ft. in Kumaon and Khasia, to Ceylon and Ma- 
lacca. — Distrib. Cosmopolitan in Tropics. 

A low diffuse perennial, with slender shrubby finely downy branches. Leaves 
1-3 in, long, with a solitary sessile gland on the rachis below the leaflets ; leaflets 
60-100, linear, rigidly coriaceous, ^-^ in. long, obliquely mucronate, with the midrib 
close to the upper border; stipules large, linear-subulate, persistent. Flowers 1-2 toge- 
ther in the axils of the leaves on short pedicels. Sepals ^-^ in., lanceolate-acuminate, 
bristly. Corolla little exserted. Stamens 10, alternately longer and shorter, Pod 
strap-shaped, flat, dehiscent, 1^2 in. by ^ in, nearly straight, glabrescent or finely 
downy ; septa more or less oblique. 

Var. 1. dimidiata; Roxb. Hort. Beng. 32, sp. ; leaves and flowers of the type but 
the stamens 5 only. Senna dimidiata, Buck, in Roxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 352. — Himalayas. 

Var. 2, Wallichiana ; DC. Prodr. ii. 505, sp. ; finely downy, leaflets larger \-^ in. 
long and less rigid, flowers larger ^-^ in. long. Wall. Cat. 5320; W. <Sf A. Prodr. 
292. C. Leschenaultii, Wall. Cat. 5325. C. myriophylla, Wall. Cat. 5326. (^ 
Telfairiana, Wall. Cat. 5324 ; Bot. Mag. t. 5874.— Distribution of the type. 

Var. 3. auricoma ; Grah. in "Wall. Cat. 5322, sp. ; flowers and leaves of the last, 
but the branches densely clothed with fine spreading hairs. 



I 



Cassia.] L. leguminosj:. (J. G. Baker.) 267 

DOUBTFTJL SPECIES. 

C, JA VANICA, Zmn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 490, Wall. Cat. 5309 (C. Bacillus, Gaertn. ; 
Roxb. FL Ind. ii. 337. Wt Icones, t. 252) differs from C. nodosa by its smaller and 
more obtuse leaflets. It is sometimes cultivated within our limits and is -wild in the 
Malay isles. A plant gathered by Griffith near Prome is either a variety with leaflets 
densely pubescent beneath or a new species. The inflorescence of both this and the 
^alaj plant corresponds with that of C. nodosa. 

104. CVNOXaZSTRA, Linn. 

Erect unarmed trees. Leaves with few ccriaceous odd-pinnate leaflets. 
Flowers copious, minute, in axillary corymbs or racemes. Cal ,x with a very 
short tube and subbasal disk ; divisions 4-5, oblong, imbricated. Petals 5, 
oblanceolate, equal, not exserted. Stamens 10, or in C. polyandra indefinite, 
filaments erect, free, filiform, exserted ; anthers small, oblong, versatile, dehis- 
cing longitudinally. Ovary sessile or short-stalked, 2-ovuled ; style filiform, 
stigma capitate. Pod turgid, oblique-oblong, with very thick indehiscent 
usually rugose tough somewhat fleshy valves. Seed exalbuminous, central, 
fiUing up the cavity. — Distkib. Species 20, spread everywhere in the tropics. 

SuBGEN. 1. Sucynometra. Stamens 10. 

1. C. raxniflora, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 509 ; leaflets 2-4, i-acemes 
usually solitary corymbose axillary from the branchlets, pod turgid rugose, 
W. 8r A. Prodr. 293 ; Dalz. Sf Gibs. Bomb. FL 83 ; Bedd. FL Sylv. t. 315. 0. 
cauliflora. Wall. Cat. 5816, ex paj-te. 

Western Peninsuxa and Ceylon. —Distrib, Malay isles, Philippines, N. Aus- 
tralia, 

i/(?^j?e^5 1 -jugate and 2-jugate mixed or often all 1 -jugate, subsessile, if 2-jugate 
(var. hetero phylla, Thwaites) the upper much the largest, oblong, subacute very 
oblique, 3-6 in. long ; petiole ^1^ in. Bacemes few-flowered, corymbose, sessile 
from the axils of the leaves of the branchlets, with the primary axis not produced, 
rarely geminate ; outer scales ovate, ^-^ in. ; pedicels \-^ in. Sepals ^ in, Fods 
turgid, very rugose, ^-1 in. long, subsessile. 

Var. mimosoides, Wall. Cat. 5817, sp. ; leaflets all bijugate not so unequal as in 
the bijugate form of the type much smaller 1-3 in. long more obtuse aud thicker, 
flowers and pod smaller, the latter pointed and very deeply wrinkled. C. bijuga, 
Spanog. ; Miq. Flor. Ind. Bat. i. 78. — Western Peninsula, Pegu, Tenasserim. 

2. C. travancorlca, Bedd. FL Sylv. t. 316 ; leaflets 2, flowers in sessile 
corymbs from the branchlets, pod flat smooth. 

South Travancore and in the Carnatic near Tinnevelly, alt. 2-4000 ft,, Beddome. 

Petioles |— ^ in. ; leaflets always unijugnte, oblique oblong-lanceolate, subacute, 
glabrous, 2-3 in. long. Bacemes solitary, copious, rounded, few-flowered, with the 
central axis not at all produced ; bracts ^ in., deltoid ; pedicels erecto-patent, ^-\ in. 
Sepals ^ in., finally reflexed. Filaments twice the length of the sepals. Pod flat, 
smooth, firm, semicircular, sessile, l-l^- in. long. 

3. C. inaBqulfolia, A. Gray Bot. U.S. ExpL Expedit. 473 ; leaflets 
4-6, flowers in very dense oblong sessile solitary or geminate racemes from the 
branchlets, pod flat smooth. 

Malacca, Maingay. — Distrib. Philippines, Cuming, 1-297. 

Leaflets subcoriaceous, rigid, glabrous, oblique, obovate-oblong, subequal, in our 
specimens 2-3 in. long. Flowers in very dense oblong sessile cone-like racemes, 1^-2 
in. long, the central axis produced ; outer bracts round-cordate, obtuse, ^ in. ; pedicels 



268 L. LEGUMiNOSiE. (J. G. Baker.) [Gynometra, 

erecto-patent, ^\ in. Sepals | in., permanently ascending. Filaments twice the 
calyx. Pod \ in. thick, woody, oblique obovoid, 2-2^ in. long, not at all wrinkled. — 
Col. Beddome has found a plant in South Canara with 3 pairs of leaflets and similar 
bracts, of which the flowers are not yet known. 

4. C. cauliflora, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 609 ; leaflets usually 2, flowers 
in dense sessile congested racemes from thick branches with the axis produced, 
pod turgid wrinkled. Roxh. Hort. Bang. 32 ; Wall. Cat. 5816, ex parte ; 
W. 8f A. Prodr. 293 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 315 (analysis). 

Western Peninsula, Ceylon, Malacca. — Distbib. Malay isles. 

.Bro/i<:A/e^s slender, glabrous. Petioles Tery short; leaflets very rarely bijugate, 
and if so very unequal, rigidly coriaceous, sessile, glossy, obovate, very oblique 
obtuse or subacute, 3-6 in. long. Racemes congested in dense rounded masses, not 
more than an inch long, the central axis of each produced, the short erecto-patent 
pedicels subtended by small roundish spreading persistent bracts. Calyx ^ in. Pod 
like that of C. ramijlora, oblique oblong, very turgid, 1-1^ in. long. 

SuBGEN. 2. Pseudocynoxnetra, W. 8f A. Statnens indefinite. 

5. C. polyandra, Roxh. Cor. PL iii. t. 286 ; Hort. Beng. 32 ; Fl. Ind. 
ii. 372 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 509 ; Wall. Cat. 5815 ; W. ^ A. Prodr. 294. 

Khasia, Silhet, Penang, Malacca. 

Bra?ichlets slender, glabrous. Leaves nearly sessile, |-| ft. ; leaflets 4-6, usually 
the latter, sessile, oblique-oblong or obovate, 2-4 in. long, rigidly subcoriaceous, 
acute or subobtuse, glossy. Flowers in dense corymbs, sessile in the axils of the 
leaves of the branchlets ; pedicels downy, ^-1 in. Sepals | in., reflexed. Stamens 
40-60, much exserted. Pod oblique oblong, smooth, woody, 2 in. long. 

105. SXNDORA, Miquel. 

Unarmed trees. Leaves abruptly pinnate; leaflets few. Floivei's small, 
panicled. Calyx with a very short tube and basal disk ; segments 4, valvate, the 
two upper being connate. Petal one, the same size and shape as the upper lip 
of the calyx. Stamens 10, the upper one free from the others, shorter and 
anantherous, the rest declinate, shortly monadelphoua, unequal, the upper 
longest, exserted ; anthers oblong, versatile, dehiscing longitudinallv. Ovary 
2-ovuled, short-stalked ;. stigma long, filiform, circinate, stigma minute ter- 
minal. Pod like that of Guilandina, oblique, roimd-oblong, dehiscent, the flat, 
hard valves armed all over the face with straight large firm prickles. — Distblb. 
Another species or variety in Sumatra. 

1. S. "Wallicliil, Benth. in Hook. Ic. t. 1017-8 ; branchlets and leaves 
below shortly tomentose, leaflets 4-6, bracts persistent, calyx prickly. Guilan- 
dina Wallichiana, Grah. in Wall. Cat. 5805. Echinocalyx, Benth. Gen. Plant. 
684, 1003. 

Singapore, Wallich ; Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

A small erect unarmed tree, with branches clothed with short brown pubescence. 
Leajiets rigidly coriaceous, 2-3 in. long, subobtuse, oblong, glossy above, closely 
pubescent beneath. Panicles dense, axillary and terminal ; bracts cordate, roundish, 
spreading or reflexed ; pedicels nearly as long as the calyx. Calyx ^ in., brown- 
downy, the sepals armed towards the tip with large firm prickles. Pod glabrous, 
sublignose, 2-3 in. long. 

Vab. 1. siamensis, Teysm., sp. ; leaflets 6 obovate distinctly emarginate larger 
thinner strongly veined the end one 3-4 in. long. — Siam, Teysmann. 

Var. 2. intermedia, Baker; leaflets 6-8 smaller more acute, flowers smaller, 
and receding towards the next by its shorter pedicels, caducous bracts, calyx without 
prickles and more densely velvety sepals and branches.— Malacca, Maingay. 



Sindora.'] L. leguminosj:. (J. Gr. Baker.) 269 

2. S. velutlna, Baker; branchlets and leaves below densely tomentose, 
leaflets 10-12, bracts caducous, calyx not prickly. 

Malacca, Dr. Maingay. 

Leaves ^-f ft. Pubescence of branchlets calyx and underside of leaves much 
longer and more dense than in the last, bright brown. Leaflets 3-3 -^ in. long, oblong, 
subacute, very thick and rigid. Pedicels very short. Bitds ^ in. long. Ovary and 
lower part of filaments more densely pubescent than in the last. Pod not seen. 

106. DXAZ.ZUBX, Linn. 

Erect unarmed trees. Leaves odd-pinnate, with alternate leaflets. Floweri 
copious, small, obscure, in ample terminal panicles. Calyx-tube very short ; 
sepals lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, subequal, much imbricated. Petals 0. 
Stamens 2, erect, included ; anthers dehiscing longitudinally, attached near the 
base. Ovary sessile, 2-ovuled ; style filiform, stigma terminal. Pod firm, dry, 
indehiscent, oblong, 1-seeded ; endocarp pulpy. Seed albuminous. — Distrib. 
Species about 10, cosmopolitan in the tropics. 

* Sepals oblony-lanceolate, not more than '— in. broad. 

1. 3>. ovoldeum, Thivaites Enum. 97; leaflets 3-5 the end one cuneate 
at the base, branches of the panicle ascending, pedicels nearly as long as the 
calyx, pod brown-velvety. Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 181. 

Ceylon, districts north of Kandy, Thwaites. 

A tall tree. Leaflets conspicuously alternate, rigidly subcoriaceous, thinner than 
in the following, glabrous on both sides, strongly veined, not glossy above, 2-4 in. long, 
subobtuse, narrowed gradually from the middle to both ends ; petiolules ^-\ in. 
Panicle ample, with slender finely grey-downy branches. Bud lanceolate, \ in. long. 
Sepals subpetaloid, lanceolate, under ^^ in. broad, thinly grey -downy. Filament 
nearly as long as the anther in the developed floM'er. Pod ovoid, slightly compressed, 
•^— I in. long, eatable, with an agreeable acid flavour ; seeds round, compressed, 
shining, yellow or reddish-brown. — Closely allied to the Javan D. indum, Linn. 
(Bennett PL Jav. Ear. t. 30), which is not known within our limits, and differs by 
its oblong buds and shorter filaments and petiolules. 

2. D. XKCaing'ayl, Baker; leaflets 9 rounded at the base, branches of 
the panicle ascending, pedicels short, pod brown-velvety. 

Singapore, Dr. Maingay. 

Leaflets more crowded on the rachis than in the last, distinctly alternate, oblong- 
cuspidate, glabrous, 3-4 in. long, rigidly coriaceous, glossy above, dull and paler 
below ; petiolules |— ^ in. Panicle ample, close, with rigidly erecto-patent main 
branches, the lowest springing from the axils of the upper leaf; pedicels ascending, 
not more than half as long as the calyx. Sepals ^ in., oblong-lanceolate, thinly 
coated on the back with grey- brown pubescence. Fdaments much shorter than the 
anthers. Pod obovoid, 1 in. long, firm, persistently brown-velvety. 

3. I>. laurinum, Baker ; leaflets 7 rounded at the base, branches of the 
panicle ascending, pedicels short, pod not velvety. 

Malacca, Dr. Maingay. 

Leaflets oblong, broadly rounded at the base, narrowed suddenly to a subobtuse point, 
4-5 in. long, rigidly coriaceous, glossy above, glabrous, opaque, strongly veined beneath ; 
petiolules \-^ in. Panicles axillary and terminal ; pedicels very short, ascending. 
Bvd ovoid-oblong, ^ in. long. Sepals oblong-lanceolate, densely grey-downy on the 
back. Filaments very short. Pod roundish, 1 in. deep, fragile, black, thinly coated 
vith greyish-brown down. Seed as large as a bean. 



270 L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G. Baker.) [Dialium. 

4. X>. patens, Baker; leaflets 3-5 rounded at the base, branches of the 
panicle spreading, pedicels as long as the calyx, pod not velvety. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maiyigay. 

Leaflets opposite or subopposite, oblong, rigidly coriaceous or subcoriaeeous, 
glabrous, 3-5 in. long, obtusely pointed, finely veined, rather glossy ; petiolules 
^\ in. Panicles both axillary and terminal, ample, flexuose with the distant main 
branches spreading or even sometimes decurved ; pedicels ascending, spreading or 
cernuous. Bud ^ in., ovoid-oblong. Sepals oblong-lanceolate, subpetaloid, thinly 
grey-downy. Filaments very short. Pod 1 in. long, round-oblong, firm, black, 
thinly coated with grey-brown down ; seed oblong, |-| in. long. 

** Sepals ovate-lanceolate ^-^ in. broad. 

5. 1>. platysepalum, Baker. 

Matacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

Leaflets b-1, distant, conspicuously alternate, oblong, pointed, 4-6 in. long, 
rounded or the end one subcuneate at the base, rigidly coriaceous, rather glossy 
above, finely veined beneath, \vnth a persistent coating of bright yellowish-brown 
silky pubescence; petiolules \ in. Panicles ample, deltoid, moderately close, ter- 
minal and axillary, the branches clothed with fine brown silky pubescence, the 
main ones erecto-patent ; pedicels ascending or cernuous, much shorter than the 
calyx. Bvd ovoid, under ^ in. long. Sepals leathery, densely brown-velvety on 
the back, reflexed when the flower is fully expanded. Filaments thick and fleshy, 
nearly as long as the anthers. Pod round-oblong, |-| in. long, hard, persistently 
brown-velvety. Seeds oblong, compressed, glossy, chestnut-brown. 

Var. TFa//?'cAM, Baker ; leaflets 9-11 closer smaller oblong-lanceolate acuminate, 
the upper 2-1\ in. long, petiolules shorter. " Connaracea ? " Wall. Cat. 8634. — 
Sincapore, Wallich. Malacca, Maingay. 

107. KAXIDWZCKZA, Eoxb. 

Unarmed trees. Leaves abruptly pinnate, with few leaflets. Flotvers very 
abundant, minute, panicled. Calyx with scarcely any tube and a subbasal 
disk ; sepals usually 5, rarely 4, oblong, imbricated, subpetaloid, persistent. 
Corolla 0. Stamens twice the sepals in number, included or exserted ; 
filaments filiform ; anthers versatile, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary sessile, 
2-ovuled ; style filiform, stigma capitate. Fod subindehiscent, dry, with only 
the upper ovule perfected ; seeds exalbuminous. — Distrib. One other species, 
Trop. African. 

1. K. binata, Boxb. Cor. PI. iii. 6, t. 209 ; leaflets 2 sessile oblique 
flabellately veined, stamens included, stigma large peltate, racemes few- 
flowered, pod strap-shaped thin with the seed at {he tip. Boxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 
423; DC. Prodr. ii. 487; Wall. Cat. 5808; 'W. ^ A. Prodr. 284; Dalz. (^ 
Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 83 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 26. 

Behar and Western Peninsula, ascending to 3500 ft. 

A tree 100 feet high, with slender glabrous branches. Leaflets like those of a 
Bauhinia, oblique, ovate-trapezoid, 1-3 in. long, obtuse or subacute, with 4-5 ribs 
radiating from the base. Panicles axillary and terminal ; pedicels as long as the 
calyx, not bracteolate. Sepals oblong, obtuse, under ^ in. long. Pod like that of 
Spatholobus, thin, flexible, 2-3 in. long. 

2. K. pinnata, Boxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 425 ; leaflets 4-6 alternate petiolulate 
not oblique, stamens exserted, stigma minute, racemes dense narrow, pod 
obovoid or oblong nearlv or quite filled up by the seed. Wall. Cat. 5807 ; 
DC. Prodr. ii. 487 ; W. ^^ A. Prodr. 284; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 255. 



Crudia.'] L. legdminos-e. (J. G. Baker.) 271 

Ghauts of Canara, Travancore and the Carnatic. 

Leaflets oblong, rigidly coriaceous, acute, 2-4 in. long, venulose, the upper of the 
■uppermost pair sometimes apparently terminal ; midrib central, reining pinnate ; 
petiolules ^-| in. Panicles copious, axillary and terminal, formed of dense slender 
cylindrical racemes ; pedicels spreading, ^-^ in. Calyx broadly campanulate, under 
•^ in. long, with a pair of minute adpressed bracteoles. Filaments t-wice as long as 
the sepals. Pod turgid, 1^-2 in. long, rigid, sublignose, not at all oblique. 

108. CRUDIA, Schreb. 

Glabrous shrubs or trees. Leaves odd-pinnate,* with conspicuously alternate 
leaflets. Flowers in terminal or lateral racemes. Calyx- tube very short, with 
the disk nearly basal; segments 4, oblong, imbricated, persistent, reflexed. 
Petals 0. Stamens 10, exserted, filaments free, filiform ; anthers oblong, 
versatile, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary stalked, few-ovuled ; style filiform, 
stigma terminal capitate. Pod flat, rigidly coriaceous, 2-valved. Seeds exal- 
buminous. — Distrib. Species 10, one African, the rest Trop. American. 

1. C. zeylanlca, Benth. in Trans. Linn. Soc. xxv. 314 ; Bedd. Ft. Sylv. 
t. 190. Detarium zeylanicum, Thwaites Enum. 414. 

Ceylon, near Caltura, Thwaites. 

A tall tree, with slender glabrous branchlets. Leaflets 3-5, oblong, short-stalked, 
rigidly subcoriaceous, rather oblique, obtusely pointed, bright green above, paler 
beneath, strongly veined. Racemes dense, terminal, on short branches, as long as or 
shorter than the leaves ; pedicels reflexed, finally ^ in., equalling the rettexed coria- 
ceous sepals. Ovary distinctly stalked, oblique-oblong, densely clothed with pale 
brown tomentum. Ovules 3-4. Pod not seen. 



109. SARACA, Linn. 

Erect trees. Leaves abruptly pinnate, glabrous, rigidly coriaceous. Flowers 
in dense sessile corymbose axillary panicles, with subpetaloid reddish brac- 
teoles. Calyx with the disk at the summit of a cylindrical tube ; divisions 4, 
oblong, unequal, subpetaloid. Corolla 0. Stamens 3-8, exserted with long 
filiform filaments, and oblong versatile anthers opening longitudinally. Ovary 
many-ovuled with a stalk produced beyond the disk ; style long, filiform, stigma 
minute capitate. Pod flat, dehiscent, rigidly coriaceous. Seeds exalbuminous. — 
DiSTMB. Species 6, restricted to India and Malaya. 

1. S. Indica, Linn. Mant. 98; leaflets 6-12, petiolules short, bi-acteoles 
persistent ascending, sepals about half as long as the calyx-tube, stamens 
usually 7. Bedd. Fl. Sylv. t. 67. S. arborescens, Burm. Fl. Ind. 85, t. 25, 
fig. 2. S. minor and ZoUingeriana, Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. i. 84. Jonesia Asoca, 
Boxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 218 ; DC. Prodr. ii. 487 ; Wall. Cat. 5822; W. Sr A. Prodr. 
284; Wight Ic. t. 206; Bot. May. t. 3018; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 82. 
J. pinnata, Willd. Sp. PI. ii. 287.—Bheede Hort. Mai. v. t. 59. 

From the Central and Eastern Himalayas, ascending to 2000 feet in Kumaon, 
Ceylon and Malacca. — Distrib. Malay isles. 

A low erect tree. Leaves sessile or subsessile ; leaflets oblong or oblong- lanceo- 
late, acute or obtuse, 3-9 in. long rigidly subcoriaceous. Corymbs dense, 3-4 in. 
broad ; pedicels stout, \-i^ in. long, below the oblong-spathulate ascending amplexi- 
caul bracteoles. Sepals \-^ in., obovate-oblong. Filaments three times as long as 

* Wrongly given as equally pinnate in the Key. 



272 L. LEGUMIN0SJ3. (J. G. Baker.) [Saraca. 

the sepals. Pod 4-10 in. by 1^2 in., like that of & Millettia,^ i-S-seeded. Seeds 
oblong, compressed, 1|- in. long. 

2. S. cauliflora, Baker : leaflets 10-12, petiolules long, bracteoles 0, 
corymbs dense from thick old branches, sepals half as long as the calyx-tube, 
stamens about 7. 

Malacca, Griffith, Maingay. 

Petiolules h in. long ; leaflets rigidly subcoriaceous, strongly veined ; upper 
oblanceolate-oblong, acute, a foot* or more long; lower shorter, more oblong. 
Corymbs solitary or geminate, nearly sessile, ample, dense, 4-6 in. broad ; main 
branches stout, woody ; pedicels of lower flowers disarticulated at the base before the 
upper expand ; bracteoles none to be seen in the specimens. Flowers the same size 
as in the last, but the tube and pedicels more slender. — Closely approaches the 
Malayan S. declinata, Miquel, in habit, foliage and inflorescence, but that has only 4 
stamens. 

3. S. IiObbiana, Baker; leaflets 10-12, petiolules short, bracteoles 
large caducous, corymbs sparse from young slender branches, sepals half as long 
as the calyx-tube, stamens 7-8. 

Maktaban ; foot of Mount Kola, Moulmein, Lobb. 

A tree 40 feet high. Petiolules J in. ; leaflets thinner than in the two last, 
oblanceolate-oblong, subacute, ^1 ft. long. Corymbs solitary from leafless slender 
branches, with only a few erecto-patent branches ; bracteoles |-^ in., oblong-spathu- 
late, navicular, amplexicaul, falling before the flowers expand. Sepals oblong, ^ in. 
deep. Stamens twice as long as the sepals. Flowers yellow, turning to reddish. 

4. S.trlandra, Baker; leaflets 4-8, petiolules short, bracteoles spreading 
persistent, stamens 3-4. Jonesia triandra, jRoxb. Fl. Ind. ii. 220. J. scandens, 
Roxh. loc. cit. ? 

Tekassebim, Malacca. — Distrib. Siam, Sumatra. 

Petiolules 4|-^ in. ; leaflets oblanceolate-oblong, subcoriaceous, subobtuse or sub- 
acute ; upper |-1 ft. long. Corymbs sessile from the side of slender branches, round, 
very dense, sometimes 6-8 in. broad ; bracts persistent, spreading or reflexed ; brac- 
teoles obovate, under \ in. long, not boat-shaped or amplexicaid, bright-coloured. 
Sepals under \ in. long. Filaments 3-4 times as long as the sepals. Pod oblong, 
5-6 in. by H-2 in. — Very near the Malay S. macroptera and palembanica, Miquel. 

110. AMKElEtSTZA, Wall. 

An erect tree. Leaves abruptly pinnate. Flowers racemed. Calyx with a 
long cylindrical disciferous tube ; sepals 4, oblong, the two lowest connate. 
Petals only 3 developed, the upper very broad, with a long claw, the two lateral 
as long, but narrower, oblong-spathulate, the two lowest rudimentary. Stamens 
diadelphous, 9 lower having the filaments connate in a long tube, alternately 
lai^er and smaller, the upper free from the base ; anthers versatile, dehiscing 
longitudinally. Ovary stalked beyond the disk, many-ovuled ; style long, 
filiform, stigma capitate. Pod large, flat, almost woody, dehiscent. Seeds 
large, round-oblong, compressed, exalbuminous. — Distrib. A single endemic 
species. 

1. A. nobills, Wall PL As. Bar. i. p. 1, t. 1-2; Wall. Cat. 696; 
G. Don Gen. Syst. ii. 437. 

Maetaban, Tenasserim and Malacca, often planted. 

An erect unarmed tree. ' Leaves very large, abruptly pinnate ; leaflets oblong, 
aciuninate, ^1 ft., opposite, glabrous, subcoriaceous. Flowers in ample pendulous 



Tamarindus.'] l. leguminos^:. (J. G. Baker.) 273 

racemes, the most showy of those of the Indian Leguminosae ; pedicels 2-4 in., -vtith a 
pair of large lanceolate persistent coloured bracteoles at the apex enclosing the buds. 
Sepals membranous, coloured, 1 in. long. Petals mixed brilliant red and yellow, the 
upper one 2 in. long and broad ; tube as long as the sepals, cylindrical. Pod liko 
that of a Millettia, ^ ft. long, 1^ in. broad, glabrous, truncate, 4-6-seeded. 

111. TAZIEAaZNZ>VS, Linn. 

A spineless tree. Leaves abruptly pinnate. Flowers racemed. Cali/x-tiihe 
turhinate ; disk produced some distance above its base ; teeth lanceolate, much 
imbricated, the two lowest connate. Petals only the three upper developed, 
the two lateral ovate, the upper hooded, the two lower reduced to scales. 
Stamens monadelphous, only 3 developed, the others reduced to mere bristles at 
the top of the sheath ; anthers oblong, versatile, dehiscing longitudinally. 
Ovary many-ovuled, with a stalk adnate to the calyx-tube.; style filiform, 
stigma capitate. Pod ligulate, many-seeded, with a thin crustaceous epicarp 
and thick pulpy mesocarp. Seeds exalbmninous. — A single species. 

1. T. Indica, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 488 ; Roxh. Fl. Ind. iii. 215 ; Wall. 
Cat. 5824 ; W. 8f A. Prodr. 285 ; Dalz. ^ Gibs. Bomb. Fl. 82 ; JBedd. Fl. Sylv, 
t. 184. T. occidentalis, Gaei-tn. ; DC. loc. cit. T. officinalis, Hook. Pot. Mag. 
t. 4563. 

Diffused through India and the Tropics generally, probably indigenous in 
Africa. 

A large unarmed tree. Leaves abruptly, pinnate, with 20-40, glabrescent, close 
obtuse opposite oblong leaflets. Flowers few together, in copious lax racemes at the 
end of the branchlets ; pedicels articulated at the base of the calyx ; bracts boat- 
shaped, enclosing the buds, caducous. Petals under i in. long, yellow, striped with 
red. Pod 3-6 in. by 1 in. or more, 3-10-seeded. 

112. «U»ZBOZ.DTZA, Vahl. 

Unarmed erect small trees. Leaves abruptly pinnate, with persistent usually 
peltate stipules. Flowers small, in copious racemes, each furnished with a pair 
of persistent coloured bracteoles at the base. Calyx-tnbe turbinate, with the 
disk produced some distance above its base; sepals 4, oblong, subequal, im- 
bricated. Petals 5 or 3, oblong-spathulate, clawed, subequal, exce^ing the 
calyx. Stamens 5, equal, exserted, alternating with 5 minute staminodes,^ 
filaments filiform ; anthers oblong, versatile, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary 
with a stalk immersed in the disk, linear, few-ovuled ; style very long, filiform, 
stigma terminal. Pod flat, dehiscent, rigidly coriaceous. Seeds exalbuminous. — 
DisTEiB. Species 5, the other Tropical African. 

1. XZ. laurlfolla, Vahl ; DC. Prodr. ii. 488 ; branches hollow, nodes 
constricted, stipule-spur lanceolate, leaves nearly sessile, leaflets 8-10, petiolules 
short, petals 5. R. Br. in Wall. PI. As. Rar. iii. 18 ; W. 8f A. P-odr. 285;. 
Wight Ic. t. 1605 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 93. Batschia laurifolia, Vahl, Symb. 39, 
t. 56. 

Maiabak and Ceylon. 

A low tree, with the intemodes of the branchlets conspicuously swollen. Leaves 
^1 ft. long ; leaflets oblong, cuspidate, rigidly subcoriaceous, glabrous, 3-4 in. long ; 
stipules coriaceous, very large, oblong-lanceolate, 1 in. or more long above the attach- 
ment. Racemes dense, axillary, drooping, nearly sessile, 3-6 in. long ; pedicels 4-J. 
in. Flower^ in. long, exclusive of the exserted stamens; bracteoles oblong-spatnu- 
late, half as long, as the calvx Pod rieid. lisTjlate-oblongr, 3-4 in. loner. Seeds 3-4. 



274 L. LEGUMiNOSJ}. (J. G. Baker.) ]_Humholdtia, 

2. K. unijug'a, Bedd. Ic. PL Ind. Or. t. 108 ; brandies solid, nodes not 
constricted, stipules not spurred, leaves and 2 leaflets subsessile, petals 5. 

Teavancore mountains, alt. 3-4500 ft., Beddome. 

A large tree, glabrous in all its parts, with terete slender branchlets. Stipules 
lanceolate, ^ in., rigidly coriaceous; petiole very short, broadly flattened and 
hollowed out on the face; leaflets oblong-lanceolate, rather oblique, 5-6 in. long, 
obtusely acuminate, glossy on the upper surface. Pedicels \-^ in., spreading, finely 
silky ; bracteoles obtuse, half as long as the calyx. Flower f in. long, exclusive of 
the exserted stamens. Petals bright red. . 

3. X. Brunonis, Wall. PI. As. Par. iii. 17, t. 233; branches solid, 
nodes not constricted, spur of stipules rounded, leaves nearly sessile, leaflets 
4, petiolules short, petals 3. Wall. Cat. 2332 ; W. 8f A, Prodr. 285 ; Wiffht 
Jc. t. 1606 ; Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 93. 

Ghauts of NiLGHiRis and Cooeg. 

Branchlets slender, terete. Petiole not flattened ; stipules small, lanceolate above 
the attachment, with a transverse oblong spur ; leaflets oblong, rigidly subcoriaceous, 
glabrous, obtusely cuspidate, 4-6 in. long. Eacemes axillary, distinctly peduncled, 
equalling or exceeding the leaves ; pedicels ^-^ in., spreading or ascending ; bracte- 
oles and calyx grey-downy. Flower ^-f in. long, exclusive of the exserted stamens. 

4. K. Vabliana, Wight Ic. t. 1607-8 ; branches solid, nodes not con- 
stricted, spur of stipules rounded, leaves distinctly petioled, leaflets QS^ petiolules 
long, petals 6. Bedd. Fl. Sylv. 93. 

Nelghiris ; jungles about Conoor, Br. Wight. 

Branchlets slender, terete. Stipules 1 in. or more long, lanceolate above, trans- 
versely oblong below the point of attachment ; leaf-rachis 5-7 in. long, including the 
1 in. petiole ; leaflets oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, glabrous, rigidly coriaceous, 5-6 
in. long, both sides finely venulose. Eacemes peduncled, subspicate, 1-3-nate; 
bracteoles and sepals very downy on the back, the latter f in. long. Petals very 
caducous, not exceeding the sepals. Pod almost woody, ^ ft. by 1^ in., narrowed to 
the point. 

113. AFZSXiZA, Smith. 

Erect unarmed trees. Leaves abruptly pinnate, with few pairs of opposite 
leaflets. Flowers in copious terminal panicles. Calyx with the disk produced 
to the top of its elongated tube ; sepals 4, much imbricated, slightly unequal. 
Developed petal one, orbicular with a distinct claw, the others absent or 
rudimentary. Stamens 3-9, declinate, filaments long, pilose; anthers minute, 
oblong, opening longitudinally. Pod large, oblong, flattish, sublignose, sub- 
indehiscent. — Distrib. Tropics of the Old World ; species 10. 

1. A. retusa, Kurz in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. xlii. 2, 73; leaflets 
2-6, racemes simple, pedicels glabrous, calyx-tube as long as limb, fertile 
stamens 3. 

Malacca, Griffith. Andamans, Kurz. 

A shrub, glabrous in all its parts. Leaflets stalked, oblong, subcoriaceous, 2-3 
in. long, obtuse, conspicuously emarginate. Flowers in simple corymbose terminal 
racemes ; pedicels ^-^ in. CaZyx-tube ^-f in., cylindrical ; sepals | in. broad. Petal 
twice as long as the sepals ; blade round, ^ in. broad. Pod oblong, subcoriaceous, 
5-4 in. by 1-1 1- in. 

2. A. b^ugra, A. Ch-ay Bot. Amer. JExpl. Expedit. 467, t. 51 ; leaflets 4, 
panicle corymbose, pedicels pilose, calyx-tube as long as limb, fertile stamens 3. 



Afzelia.'] L. LEGUMiNOS^. (J. G, Baker.) 275 

Outea bijuf^a, DC. Prodr. ii. 511 ; Wall. Cat. No. 5823. Macrolobium bijugum, 
Coleh. in Trans. Linn. Soc. xii. 359, t. 17. 

Malay peninsula, Wallich, Griffith. — Disteib. Seychelles and Malay isles and 
Polynesia. 

An erect tree, 50 feet high. Leaflets stalked, obliquely oblong, subcoriaceous, 
glabrous, 2-5 in. long, subacute or obtuse. Flowers in a dense terminal corymbose 
panicle; pedicels jL-i in., grey-downy. Caly x-t\xhQ cylindrical, \-'^ in. Petal 
exserted, round, with a long claw. Filaments above 1 in. Pod rigid, flat, oblong, 
6-8 in. long; seeds 4-5. 

3. A. palembanica, Baker-, leaflets 6-8, panicle corymbose, calyx- 
tube as long as limb, fertile stamens 3. Intsia palembanica, Miq. Flor tnd 
Bat. Sup2il. 289. 

Malacca, Griffith (" The best Malacca timber tree "), Maingay. Aitoamans 
Kurz.—Di^TBXB. Malay isles. 

A tall unarmed erect tree. Leaflets stalked, oblong, subcoriaceous, obtuse, emar- 
ginate, 2-4 in. long ; lowest pair distinctly smallest. Flowers in a dense terminal 
corymbose panicle ; pedicels ■^\ in., grey -downy. Calyx-tnhQ cylindrical, ^^ in. 
Pe^a^ not exserted. Filaments ^-l in. Pod oblong, almost woody, glossy, 6-10 in. 
by 3 in., straight or rather curved. 

4. A.? coriacea, Baker-, leaflets 4-6, panicle thyrsoid with racemose 
branches, calyx-tube much shorter than the limb, fertile stamens 9. Intsia 
coriacea, Maingay MSS. 

Malacca, Maingay. 

Leaflets stalked, oblong, glabrous, very, rigid and coriaceous, 3-4 in. long, obtuse, 
emarginate. Flowers in copious elongated terminal panicles, with distant racemose 
branches, clothed like the pedicels and calyx with thin rusty tomentum. Caly x-inhQ 
very short ; sepals | in., much narrower and less imbricated than in the two other 
species. " Filaments alternately longer and shorter (5 long, 4 short), in bud, connate 
into a partial tube at the base," Maingay. Pod not seen. — May prove a Pahudia, but 
we have young buds only. 

114. BAUHXNZA, Linn. 

Unarmed erect trees or climbers with circinate tendrils. Leaves simple, 
usually deeply cleft from the tip, rarely entire or fully divided into 2 leaflets. 
Flowers showy, in copious simple or panicled often corymbose racemes. Calyx- 
tube with the disk produced to the top, sometimes long and cylindrical, some- 
times short and turbinate ; limb entire and spathaceous, or cleft into 2 or 5 
teeth. Petals 5, subequal, usually with a distinct claw. Stamens 10, or 
reduced to 5 or 3, if fewer than 10 with sterile filaments absent or present, 
filaments free, filiform ; anthers versatile, dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary 
stalked, many-ovuled ; style long or short, stigma small or large and peltate, 
subterminal or oblique. Pod linear or rarely oblong, fiat, continuous within, 
dehiscent or indehiscent. Seeds albuminous. — Distrib. Species 130, spread 
everywhere in the Tropics. 

Sect. 1. Pauletia, Cav. Fertile stamens 10. Calyx with a very short 
tube and spathaceous limb. Pod narrow, dehiscent. — Erect shrubs with large 
showy flowers and connate leaflets. 

1. B. toxnentosa, Linn. ; DC. Prodr. ii. 514 ; flowers usually in axillary 
pjairs, petals much longer than the entire calyx-limb, pod stalked not ribbed near 
the upper suture. Itoxh. Hart. Beng. 31 ; Fl. Lnd. ii. 323 ; Wall. Cat. 5790, excl. 
F ^- G-, Bot. Mag. t. 5560 ; W. ^' A. Prodr. 295 ; Bedd. FL Sylv. 92. B. 
speciosa, Boxb. ; Wall. Cat. 5791. 



276 L. leguminosj:. (J. G-. Baker.) IBauMnia, 

NoBTH "West Provinces to Ceylon and Penang. — Distkib. Malay isles, China, 
Trop. Africa. 

An erect shrub, with downy branches. Leaf broader than long, not cordate, 
coriaceonsj 1-2 in. deep, cleft less than half way down into two obtuse lobes, pubes- 
cent below, 7-nerved. Flowers usually in short-peduncled pairs from the axils of th» 
leaves, rarely 1 or 3 ; pedicels with a pair of large persistent linea